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  • 1.
    Berg, Monika
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    De Majo, Veronica
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap. Dalarna University, Falun, Sweden.
    Understanding the Global Strategy for Disaster Risk Reduction2017Inngår i: Risk, Hazards & Crisis in Public Policy, ISSN 1944-4079, E-ISSN 1944-4079, Vol. 8, nr 2, s. 147-167Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Disasters are a growing internation al con cern that has spurred the de velopme nt of politicalstrate gies and policies from international to local levels. T his paper analyzes how disasters areconstructed as a policy problem within the UN global strategy for disaster risk reducti on.Building on a social constructivist view of policy problems, we analyze how disasters anddisaster risks are being represented throug h the se global polic ies, while we also pay attention towhat this representation excludes and de-emphasizes. We show that the UN strategy is mostlyconcerned w ith adjustin g or adapting societies to hazards, and managing risks, rat her thanaddressin g the social processes that render people vulnerable to those hazards. The pre dominantconcern with technological and managerial solutions eclipses the need f or changes in the socia lstructures that create disaster risks. We argue t hat the understanding of disasters represented inthe UN strategy support s an emerging holistic paradigm. However, we also argue that the holismit represents is limited rather than radical. By making visible what is excluded or not properlyproblemat ized in this represent ation, we point to t he complexity of t he task and show where itslimitations lie.

  • 2.
    De Majo, Veronica
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap. Dalarna University, Falun, Sweden.
    Global Governance: A promising scenario for disaster risk reduction2014Inngår i: Proceedings of the 5th International Disaster and Risk Conference, Global Risk Forum (GRF) , 2014, s. 196-199Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Global governance implies cooperative measures designated for solving problems on global scale, in which diverse actors interact through different channels and networks establishing steering mechanisms and rule systems. While each state has the primary responsibility for systematically implementing measures to reduce vulnerability and increase resilience, there are other actors that have an influence (to different degrees) on the decision-making process, not least at the global level. Consequently, we are in the presence of an emergent global governance system in disaster risk reduction (DRR)-quite young in comparison to other policy fields-characterized by non-hierarchical and networked relations among different actors in different arenas, and even across and within their boundaries. Global networks have led to significant achievements in DRR but they have also presented obstacles and challenges, often endogenous to the system's complexity. It is necessary therefore to understand this complexity in order to enhance the benefits that global governance provides to DRR, seeking at the same time to diminish its constraints. Thus, the aim of this paper is to gain a better understanding of global networks in DRR within a nascent global governance system. The study of the International Strategy for Disaster Risk Reduction, the Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA) and related documents showed that there are instruments and shared practices, a common language, and global networks (as well as regional and national) of actors and institutions engaged in DRR. Even though HFA is normative and non-binding, it contains the core principles for integrative disaster risk management and can be seen as the manifestation of commitment to systematically incorporating DRR into policies and programs that lead to sustainable development and poverty reduction. Hence, the post- 2015 framework for DRR offers the opportunity to strengthen and improve this system, especially with regard to coordination and implementation.

  • 3.
    De Majo, Veronica
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap. Dalarna University, Falun, Sweden.
    Global networks: Building a culture of disaster preparedness worldwide2014Inngår i: Proceedings of the Second ANDROID Doctoral School in Disaster Resilience 2014: Work Package III / [ed] Srinath Perera, Hans Jorgen Henriksen, Alexandra Revez, Irina Shklovski, Android Disaster Resilience Network , 2014, s. 45-54Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In the era of globalization, i.e. the growing influence of global processes in local, national and regional arenas, natural disasters are considered a ‘global’ problem. In this context, global networks have led to significant achievements in disaster risk reduction (DRR) but they have also presented obstacles and challenges, often endogenous to the system’s complexity. It is necessary therefore to understand this complexity in order to enhance its benefits and reduce its constraints. The purpose of the paper is to introduce a PhD project that aims to gain a better understanding of the role of global networks in building resilience worldwide, focusing particularly on norms, rules and steering mechanism that shape behaviors, attitudes and beliefs. Resilience is defined as the capacity of a community potentially exposed to hazards to resist, absorb, and adapt in order to cope with natural disasters. The preliminary content analysis on the Hyogo Framework for Action and related documents showed that there are instruments and shared practices, a common language, and institutions engaged in DRR. Consequently, there are patterns of a nascent system of global governance that encompasses cooperative measures to solve problems on global scale, in which diverse actors interact through different channels establishing steering mechanisms.

  • 4.
    De Majo, Veronica
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap. Department of Political Science, Dalarna University, Falun, Sweden.
    Olsson, Jan
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap. Department of Political Science.
    Institutional foundations of disaster risk reduction policy: Exploring and elaborating on two different cases: Argentina and Sweden2019Inngår i: Disaster Prevention and Management, ISSN 0965-3562, E-ISSN 1758-6100, Vol. 28, nr 2, s. 245-257Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to explore and elaborate on how institutional conditions work to the advantage and disadvantage of disaster risk reduction (DRR) policies on different levels in two countries.

    Design/methodology/approach: A qualitative case study design is used to study empirically two countries with very different traditions when it comes to political-administrative institutions: Argentina and Sweden.

    Findings: As expected, the institutional foundations of DRR policy in Sweden are shown to be more consistent and stable than in Argentina. However, this difference is of less importance when considering the crucial role of local practices. National institutional foundations can function as support–but is not a necessary condition–for building disaster preparedness on the ground. The authors argue that national governments cannot do without institutionalized praxis-based preparedness, which is vital for both effective emergency management and learning.

    Originality/value: This paper contributes to the disaster research debate by elaborating on institutional arrangements that can facilitate or hinder DRR strategies in a multi-level context. The main argument is that institutional practices on the ground are important to compensate for insufficient national institutions, either because they are weak or too distant from practical DRR. The authors also elaborate on how institutional practices can function as a source for learning and for building legitimate practical authority from the bottom up.

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