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  • 1.
    Andersson, Fredrik
    et al.
    Department of Economics, Lund University, Lund, Sweden; Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN), Stockholm, Sweden.
    Jordahl, Henrik
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet. Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN), Stockholm, Sweden, CESifo, Stockholm, Sweden, IZA, Bonn, Germany.
    Josephson, Jens
    Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN), Stockholm, Sweden; Stockholm Business School, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Outsourcing Public Services: Contractibility, Cost, and Quality2019Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    We review the literature on public sector outsourcing to explore if the theoretical predictions from the incomplete contracts literature hold up to recent empirical evidence. Guided by theory, we arrange services according to the type and magnitude of their contractibility problems. The empirical studies point at rather favourable outsourcing outcomes, in terms of costs and quality, for services without severe contracting problems. The picture is more mixed for services with tougher contracting problems, with the weight of the evidence in favour of public provision. This difference between services is largely in line with the property-rights framework and theories of incomplete contracts.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Outsourcing Public Services: Contractibility, Cost, and Quality
  • 2.
    Andersson, Fredrik
    et al.
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden; IFN, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Jordahl, Henrik
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet. IFN, Stockholm, Sweden; Cesifo, Munich, Germany; IZA, Bonn, Germany.
    Josephson, Jens
    IFN, Stockholm, Sweden; Stockholm Business School, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Outsourcing Public Services: Contractibility, Cost, and Quality2019Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    We review the literature on public sector outsourcing to explore if the theoretical predictions from the incomplete contracts literature hold up to recent empirical evidence. Guided by theory, we arrange services according to the type and magnitude of their contractibility problems. The empirical studies point at rather favourable outsourcing outcomes, in terms of costs and quality, for services without severe contracting problems. The picture is more mixed for services with tougher contracting problems, with the weight of the evidence in favour of public provision. This difference between services is largely in line with the property-rights framework and theories of incomplete contracts.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Outsourcing Public Services: Contractibility, Cost, and Quality
  • 3.
    Andersson, Fredrik
    et al.
    Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN), stockholm, Sweden; Department of Economics, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Jordahl, Henrik
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet. Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN), Stockholm, Sweden; CESifo, Munich, Germany; IZA, Bonn, Germany.
    Josephson, Jens
    Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN), Stockholm, Sweden; Stockholm Business School, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Outsourcing Public Services: Contractibility, Cost, and Quality2019Ingår i: CESifo Economic Studies, ISSN 1610-241X, E-ISSN 1612-7501, Vol. 65, nr 4, s. 349-372Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We review the literature on public sector outsourcing to explore if the theoretical predictions from the incomplete contracts literature hold up to recent empirical evidence. Guided by theory, we arrange services according to the type and magnitude of their contractibility problems. The empirical studies point at rather favourable outsourcing outcomes, in terms of costs and quality, for services without severe contracting problems. The picture is more mixed for services with tougher contracting problems, with the weight of the evidence in favour of public provision. This difference between services is largely in line with the property-rights framework and theories of incomplete contracts.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Outsourcing Public Services: Contractibility, Cost, and Quality
  • 4.
    Angelis, Jannis
    et al.
    Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden; Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN), Stockholm, Sweden.
    Glenngård, Anna Häger
    Lund University School of Economics and Management, Lund, Sweden; Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN), Stockholm, Sweden.
    Jordahl, Henrik
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet. Research Institute of Industrial Economics, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Management practices and the quality of primary care2019Ingår i: Public Money & Management, ISSN 0954-0962, E-ISSN 1467-9302Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Using the World Management Survey method, the authors mapped and analysed management quality in Swedish primary care centres. On average, private sector providers were better managed than public providers. Centres with a high overall social deprivation among enrolled patients also tended to have higher management quality. Management quality was positively associated with accessibility (length of waiting times), but not with patient-reported experience.

    IMPACT: The authors explored the use of management practices at the operational (care centre) level in Swedish primary care. The paper relates management quality to provider characteristics (public or private) and to the quality of care. An expansion of private care centres seems to have increased the average level of management quality in Swedish primary care. The findings suggest that suitable applications of management practices, especially in the area of people management, can produce a higher quality of care.

  • 5.
    Angelis, Jannis
    et al.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Häger Glenngård, Anna
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Jordahl, Henrik
    The Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN), Stockholm, Sweden.
    Att styra och leda en vårdcentral: Hur går det till och vad kan förbättras?2016Bok (Refereegranskat)
  • 6.
    Angelis, Jannis
    et al.
    Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden; Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN), Stockholm, Sweden.
    Häger Glenngård, Anna
    Lund University School of Economics and Management, Lund, Sweden; Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN), Stockholm, Sweden.
    Jordahl, Henrik
    Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN), Stockholm, Sweden; CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute), Munich, Germany; IZA, Bonn, Germany.
    Management Practices and the Quality of Primary Care2017Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Using the World Management Survey method, we map and analyse management quality in Swedish primary care centres. On average, private providers have higher management quality than public ones. We also find that centres with a high overall social deprivation among enrolled patients tend to have higher management quality. Regarding quality of care, we find that management quality is positively associated with accessibility, but not with patient reported experience.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Management Practices and the Quality of Primary Care
  • 7.
    Angelis, Jannis
    et al.
    Industriell Management, KTH, Sweden; Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN), Stockholm, Sweden.
    Jordahl, Henrik
    Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN), Stockholm, Sweden.
    Att styra och leda äldreomsorg: Hur går det till och vad kan förbättras?2014Bok (Refereegranskat)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Att styra och leda äldreomsorg. Hur går det till och vad kan förbättras?
  • 8.
    Angelis, Jannis
    et al.
    KTH, Industriell Management, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Jordahl, Henrik
    The Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN), Stockholm, Sweden.
    Management practices in elderly care homes2014Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 9.
    Angelis, Jannis
    et al.
    Department of Industrial Management, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Jordahl, Henrik
    Department of Industrial Management, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Merciful yet effective elderly care performance management practices2015Ingår i: Measuring Business Excellence, ISSN 1368-3047, E-ISSN 1758-8057, Vol. 19, nr 1, s. 61-69Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The study aims to compare management practices in private and publicly owned elderly care homes. The demands for cost-effective care combined with emphasis on client experience highlights the importance of appropriate management practices.

    Design/methodology/approach: The study utilises a survey of 500 homes covering management practices on monitoring, performance management and staff development. These are highly correlated, allowing for treating the practices both in aggregate and individually in the analysis. Additional questions capture information on site and management conditions.

    Findings: Management practices employed at the elderly care homes vary greatly, with high and low individual scores found in most homes. But private homes consistently score higher than public homes, especially when it comes to incentive practices. Also, elderly care homes of both ownership forms score at the top and bottom of each management practice. But looking at the average management score, there are fewer private homes that score really low and more private homes that score really high.

    Practical implications: The results identify given characteristics and maturity of the various management practices employed to plan and control operations in the elderly care homes and provides managerial and staff insights into their use.

    Originality/value: The application and impact of standard management practices has previously been limited in publicly funded services. Little is known about management practices in elderly care and whether the practices are associated with better performance.

  • 10.
    Angelis, Jannis
    et al.
    KTH, Industriell Management, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Jordahl, Henrik
    Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN), Stockholm, Sweden.
    Performance management practices and elderly care2014Ingår i: Proceedings of the Performance Management Conference, 2014Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The study compares management practices in private and publicly owned elderly care homes. The demands for cost-effective care combined with emphasis on client experience highlights the importance of appropriate management practices.

    Method: The study utilises a survey of 500 homes covering management practices on monitoring, performance management, and staff development. These are highly correlated, allowing for treating the practices both in aggregate and individually in the analysis. Additional questions capture information on site and management conditions.

    Findings: Management practices employed at the elderly care homes vary greatly, with high and low individual scores found in most homes. But private homes consistently score higher than public homes, especially when it comes to incentive practices. Also, elderly care homes of both ownership forms score at the top and bottom of each management practice. But looking at the average management score, there are fewer private homes that score really low and more private homes that score really high.

    Practical implications: The results identify given characteristics and maturity of the various management practices employed to plan and control operations in the elderly care homes, and provides managerial and staff insights into their use.

    Originality: The application and impact of standard management practices has previously been limited in publicly funded services. Little is known about management practices in elderly care and whether the practices are associated with better performance.

  • 11.
    Angelis, Jannis
    et al.
    KTH, Industriell Management, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Jordahl, Henrik
    Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN), Stockholm, Sweden.
    Using management practices in welfare2014Ingår i: Proceedings of the European Operations Management Conference, 2014Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We use a well-established measure of management practices to assess management quality in 500 nursing homes. 19 individual management practices are assessed, clustered into the three areas operations, targets, and incentives. We find that overall and area specific management scores vary greatly among nursing homes. On average, private homes score higher than public homes, in particular when it comes to incentives and reallocation of low performing staff.

  • 12.
    Angelis, Jannis
    et al.
    KTH, Industriell Management, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Jordahl, Henrik
    The Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN), Stockholm, Sweden.
    Glenngård, Anna
    Vårdcentraler på rätt spår2016Ingår i: Dagens Samhälle, ISSN 1652-6511Artikel, recension (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 13.
    Berggren, Niclas
    et al.
    The Ratio Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Elinder, Mikael
    Department of Economics, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Jordahl, Henrik
    The Research Institute of Industrial Economics, Stockholm, Sweden; The Ratio Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Trust and growth: a shaky relationship2008Ingår i: Empirical Economics, ISSN 0377-7332, E-ISSN 1435-8921, Vol. 35, nr 2, s. 251-274Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We conduct an extensive robustness analysis of the relationship between trust and growth by investigating a later time period and a bigger sample than in previous studies. In addition to robustness tests that focus on model uncertainty, we systematize the investigation of outlier influence on the results by using the robust estimation technique Least Trimmed Squares. We find that when outliers (especially China) are removed, the trust-growth relationship is no longer robust. On average, the trust coefficient is half as large as in previous findings.

  • 14.
    Berggren, Niclas
    et al.
    The Ratio Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Jordahl, Henrik
    Department of Economics, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Does free trade really reduce growth?: Further testing using the economic freedom index2005Ingår i: Public Choice, ISSN 0048-5829, E-ISSN 1573-7101, Vol. 122, nr 1-2, s. 99-114Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    While studies of the relationship between economic freedom and economic growth have shown it to be positive, significant and robust, it has rightly been argued that different areas of economic freedom may have quite different effects on growth. Along that line, Carlsson and Lundström (2002) present the surprising result that "International exchange: Freedom to trade with foreigners" is detrimental for growth. We find that "Taxes on international trade" seems to drive this result. However, using newer data and a more extensive sensitivity analysis, we find that it is not robust. Least Trimmed Squares-based estimation in fact renders the coefficient positive.

  • 15.
    Berggren, Niclas
    et al.
    The Ratio Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Jordahl, Henrik
    Department of Economics, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden; The Ratio Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Free to trust: Economic freedom and social capital2006Ingår i: Kyklos (Basel), ISSN 0023-5962, E-ISSN 1467-6435, Vol. 59, nr 2, s. 141-169Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We present new evidence on how generalized trust is formed. Unlike previous studies, we look at the explanatory power of economic institutions, we use newer data, we incorporate more countries, and we use instrumental variables in an attempt to handle the causality problem. A central result is that legal structure and security of property rights (area 2 of the Economic Freedom Index) increase trust. The idea is that a market economy, building on voluntary transactions and interactions with both friends and strangers within the predictability provided by the rule of law, entails both incentives and mechanisms for trust to emerge between people.

  • 16.
    Berggren, Niclas
    et al.
    The Ratio Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Jordahl, Henrik
    The Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN), Stockholm, Sweden.
    Poutvaara, Panu
    Department of Economics, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.
    The looks of a winner: Beauty and electoral success2010Ingår i: Journal of Public Economics, ISSN 0047-2727, E-ISSN 1879-2316, Vol. 94, nr 1-2, s. 8-15Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We study the role of beauty in politics using candidate photos that figured prominently in electoral campaigns. Our investigation is based on visual assessments of 1929 Finnish political candidates from 10,011 respondents (of which 3708 were Finnish). As Finland has a proportional electoral system, we are able to compare the electoral success of non-incumbent candidates representing the same party. An increase in our measure of beauty by one standard deviation is associated with an increase of 20% in the number of votes for the average non-incumbent parliamentary candidate. The relationship is unaffected by including education and occupation as control variables and withstands several other robustness checks.

  • 17.
    Berggren, Niclas
    et al.
    Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN), Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Institutional, Experimental and Environmental Economics (KIE), University of Economics in Prague, Prague, Czech Republic.
    Jordahl, Henrik
    Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN), Stockholm, Sweden; CESifo, Germany; IZA, Germany.
    Poutvaara, Panu
    CESifo, Germany; IZA, Germany; Department of Economics, LMU Munich, Munich, Germany; Ifo Institute–Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, Munich, Germany.
    The right look: Conservative politicians look better and voters reward it2017Ingår i: Journal of Public Economics, ISSN 0047-2727, E-ISSN 1879-2316, Vol. 146, s. 79-86Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Since good-looking politicians win more votes, a beauty advantage for politicians on the left or on the right is bound to have political consequences. We show that politicians on the right look more beautiful in Europe, the United States and Australia. Our explanation is that beautiful people earn more, which makes them less inclined to support redistribution. Our model of within-party competition predicts that voters use beauty as a cue for conservatism when they do not know much about candidates and that politicians on the right benefit more from beauty in low-information elections. Evidence from real and experimental elections confirms both predictions.

  • 18.
    Berggren, Niclas
    et al.
    Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN), Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Institutional, Experimental and Environmental Economics (KIE), University of Economics in Prague, Prague, Czech Republic.
    Jordahl, Henrik
    Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN), Stockholm, Sweden; CESifo, Germany; IZA, Germany.
    Poutvaara, Panu
    CESifo, Germany; IZA, Germany; Department of Economics, LMU Munich, Munich, Germany; Ifo Institute–Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, Munich, Germany.
    The right look: Conservative politicians look better and voters reward it2017Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Since good-looking politicians win more votes, a beauty advantage for politicians on the left or on the right is bound to have political consequences. We show that politicians on the right look more beautiful in Europe, the United States and Australia. Our explanation is that beautiful people earn more, which makes them less inclined to support redistribution. Our model of within-party competition predicts that voters use beauty as a cue for conservatism when they do not know much about candidates and that politicians on the right benefit more from beauty in low-information elections. Evidence from real and experimental elections confirms both predictions.

  • 19.
    Berggren, Niclas
    et al.
    Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN), Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Institutional, Experimental and Environmental Economics (KIE), University of Economics in Prague, Prague, the Czech Republic.
    Jordahl, Henrik
    Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN), Stockholm, Sweden; IZA, Bonn, Germany.
    Poutvaara, Panu
    University of Munich, Munich, Germany; Ifo Institute, Germany; CESifo, Munich, Germany; CReAM, London, UK; IZA, BOnn, Germany.
    The Right Look: Conservative Politicians Look Better and Voters Reward It2015Rapport (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Since good-looking politicians win more votes, a beauty advantage for politicians on the left or on the right is bound to have political consequences. We show that politicians on the right look more beautiful in Europe, the United States and Australia. Our explanation is that beautiful people earn more, which makes them less inclined to support redistribution. Accordingly, our model predicts that voters use beauty as a cue for conservatism when they do not know much about candidates and that politicians on the right benefit more from beauty in low-information elections. Evidence from real and experimental elections confirms both predictions.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    The Right Look: Conservative Politicians Look Better and Voters Reward It
  • 20.
    Berggren, Niclas
    et al.
    The Ratio Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Jordahl, Henrik
    Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN), Stockholm, Sweden.
    Stern, Charlotta
    Department of Sociology, Stockholm University, Stockholm Sweden.
    The Political Opinions of Swedish Social Scientists2009Ingår i: Finnish economic papers, ISSN 0784-5197, Vol. 22, nr 2, s. 75-88Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We study the political opinions of Swedish social scientists in seven disciplines and find indications of a left‑right divide, with sociology and gender studies being the most disciplines, with business administration, economics, and law being the most right‑leaning ones, and with political science and economic history being located somewhere in between. This pattern is found when looking at party preferences, left‑right self‑identification, and positions on economic policy issues. Overall, there is a slight dominance in sympathies for the right, although there are more academics to the left among those most involved in activities with a potential to influence decision‑makers.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    The Political Opinions of Swedish Social Scientists
  • 21.
    Bergh, Andreas
    et al.
    Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN), Stockholm, Sweden; Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Jordahl, Henrik
    Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN), Stockholm, Sweden.
    Öhrvall, Richard
    Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Tål den svenska modellen att jämföras?: om utlandssvenskars attityder till välfärdsstaten2016Ingår i: Svenska utlandsröster: SOM-undersökningen till utlandssvenskar 2014 / [ed] Maria Solevid, Göteborg: Göteborgs universitet, 2016, s. 211-232Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Frågan om välfärdsmissnöje driver utvandring från Sverige är en av frågorna i Andreas Berghs, Henrik Jordahls och Richard Öhrvalls kapitel Tål den svenska modellen att jämföras? Utlandssvenskars attityder till välfärdsstaten. Mer specifikt undersöks utlandssvenskarnas åsikter om välfärdssystem, skatter, skola och sjukvård i det land de flyttat till och hur synen på den svenska välfärdsstaten skiljer sig åt beroende på till vilken typ av välfärdsystem man flyttat. Resultaten visar att utlandssvenskar generellt sett är mer nöjda med sjukvården och skolan i det nya landet än i Sverige. Sammanfattningsvis tycks utlandssvenskar samtidigt föredra det svenska välfärdssystemet, men (den oftast lägre) skattenivån i andra typer av välfärdsstater vilket inte är en förenlig ståndpunkt. Författarna finner inte stöd för att välfärdsmissnöje driver utvandring, men det förekommer negativa bedömningar av den svenska sjukvården och svenska skatter bland utlandssvenskar i välfärdssystem som skiljer sig från det svenska. Resultaten tyder på att flera åsikter om Sverige omvärderas i ljuset av nya erfarenheter. Ju rikare land man flyttat till, desto mindre nöjd är man med den svenska sjukvården och med välfärdssystemet som helhet. Den som flyttat till ett land med bra skola enligt Pisa-mätningarna har också en mer negativ bild av den svenska skolan. Utlandssvenskar som flyttat till en annan typ av välfärdsstat är mer nöjda med det nya landets skattenivå, men mindre nöjda med välfärdssystemet som helhet. Viktigt att poängtera är att den negativa uppfattningen om den svenska skattenivån uppvisar stora skillnader mellan män och kvinnor; män är negativa till skattenivån i Sverige, vilket kvinnor inte är, medan kvinnor är mer negativa till skattenivån i boendelandet.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Tål den svenska modellen att jämföras? Om utlandssvenskars attityder till välfärdsstaten
  • 22.
    Bergman, Mats A.
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Huddinge, Sveirge.
    Jordahl, Henrik
    Institutet för Näringslivsforskning (IFN), Sverige.
    Goda år på ålderns höst?: En ESO-rapport om konkurrens i äldreomsorgen2014Rapport (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Under de senaste decennierna har det blivit möjligt att driva äldreomsorg i privat regi. Förespråkarna för denna utveckling pekar på valfrihet och ökad effektivitet. Kritikerna talar om vanvård och menar att äldreomsorg inte lämpar sig för marknadslösningar. I rapporten analyserar forskarna förutsättningarna för att nå god kvalitet och effektivt resursutnyttjande vid marknadsliknande lösningar i äldreomsorgen. De frågor som diskuteras i rapporten är bl.a.:

    • Hur fungerar den svenska äldreomsorgsmarknaden?
    • Under vilka förutsättningar kan valfrihet och konkurrens förbättra omsorgen?
    • Vilka krav kan och bör ställas på äldreomsorgens utförare?
    • Vilken betydelse har brukarval för omsorgens kvalitet?
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Goda år på ålderns höst?: En ESO-rapport om konkurrens i äldreomsorgen
  • 23.
    Bergman, Mats A.
    et al.
    Södertörn University, Huddinge, Sweden.
    Jordahl, Henrik
    Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN), stockholm, Sweden.
    Lundberg, Sofia
    Umeå School of Business, Economics and Statistics (USBE), Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Choice and Competition in the Welfare State: Home Care as the Ideal Quasi-market2018Rapport (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    We study a reform by which a standardized model of choice and competition was introduced in tax-financed home care in a majority of Swedish municipalities. The market for home care is of particular interest since it is close to the ideal quasi-market. For identification, we exploit the different timing of reform implementation across municipalities. We find that the introduction of free choice and free entry in home care increased perceived quality by about one quarter of a standard deviation without affecting costs. Since satisfaction is unrelated to the private market share, the underlying mechanism seems to be new choice opportunities rather than competition or an advantage of private providers.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Choice and Competition in the Welfare State: Home Care as the Ideal Quasi-market
  • 24.
    Elinder, Mikael
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Jordahl, Henrik
    Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN), Stockholm, Sweden.
    Kontrakt, kostnader och kvalitet2013Ingår i: Välfärdstjänster i privat regi: Framväxt och drivkrafter / [ed] Henrik Jordahl, Stockholm: SNS förlag, 2013, s. 89-120Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Kontrakt, kostnader och kvalitet
  • 25.
    Elinder, Mikael
    et al.
    Department of Economics, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden; Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN), Stockholm, Sweden.
    Jordahl, Henrik
    Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN), Stockholm, Sweden.
    Political preferences and public sector outsourcing2013Ingår i: European Journal of Political Economy, ISSN 0176-2680, E-ISSN 1873-5703, Vol. 30, s. 43-57Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Given the intensive and ideologically charged debate over the use of private contractors for publicly funded services, it is somewhat surprising that many social scientists have preferred to explain government outsourcing by the pursuit of economic efficiency. Starting out from different theories, we investigate political explanations of government outsourcing using a Swedish data set in which outsourcing varies between municipalities and over time, as well as between services. Our identification strategy focuses on two services with similar contracting problems and local market conditions: preschools and primary schools. We study a period in which Swedish municipalities had full discretion in the provision of preschools, while their influence on the private provision of primary education was limited by a national voucher system. The comparison of preschools with primary schools in a difference-in-differences model suggests that the political color of the ruling majority influences outsourcing, which is consistent with the Citizen Candidate model of representative democracy.

  • 26.
    Elinder, Mikael
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Department of Economics, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Jordahl, Henrik
    Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN), Stockholm, Sweden.
    Röstar väljarna med plånboken?2017Ingår i: Nationalekonomins frågor / [ed] Lina Aldén, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2017, s. 337-353Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 27.
    Elinder, Mikael
    et al.
    Department of Economics, Uppsala University, Sweden; The Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN), Sweden.
    Jordahl, Henrik
    The Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN), Sweden; IZA, Germany.
    Poutvaara, Panu
    IZA, Germany; Department of Economics, University of Munich, Germany; Ifo Institute, Munich, Germany; CESifo, Germany.
    Promises, policies and pocketbook voting2015Ingår i: European Economic Review, ISSN 0014-2921, E-ISSN 1873-572X, Vol. 75, s. 177-194Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Do voters respond to political parties' promises or to their past actions? We use a suitable sequence of events in Swedish politics to provide the first answer to this question. In the 1994 election campaign the Social Democrats proposed major cuts in transfers to parents with young children, whereas in the 1998 campaign they promised to increase transfers. The Social Democrats won both elections and delivered on both promises. Using voting among parents with slightly older children as counterfactual, we find that voters with young children responded markedly to economic promises rather than to implemented policies.

  • 28.
    Gustavsson, Magnus
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Department of Economics, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Jordahl, Henrik
    Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN), Stockholm, Sweden; The Ratio Institute, Sweden.
    Inequality and trust in Sweden: Some inequalities are more harmful than others2008Ingår i: Journal of Public Economics, ISSN 0047-2727, E-ISSN 1879-2316, Vol. 92, nr 1-2, s. 348-365Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We present new evidence on the influence of income inequality on generalized trust. Using individual panel data from Swedish counties together with an instrumental variable strategy, we find that differences in disposable income, and especially differences among people in the bottom half of the income distribution, are associated with lower trust. The relationship between income inequality and trust is particularly strong for people with a strong aversion against income differentials. We also find that the proportion of people born in a foreign country is negatively associated with trust.

  • 29.
    Heller Sahlgren, Gabriel
    et al.
    London School of Economics, London, UK.
    Jordahl, Henrik
    Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN), Stockholm, Sweden.
    Information: ett verktyg för bättre skolsystem2016Bok (Refereegranskat)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Information – ett verktyg för bättre skolsystem
  • 30.
    Heller-Sahlgren, Gabriel
    et al.
    London School of Economics, London, UK; Institutet för Näringslivsforskning (IFN), Stockholm, Sverige.
    Jordahl, Henrik
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet. Institutet för Näringslivsforskning ((IFN), Stockholm, Sweden.
    En kunskapsskola för tillväxt2019Rapport (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Skolan har länge uppmärksammats i svensk debatt. En växande andel elever går ut grundskolan utan godkänt i kärnämnen och resultaten har över tid varit fallande i internationella kunskapsmätningar (även om den senaste PISA-mätningen visade på en en förbättring). Utöver att en bra utbildning är viktig för den enskilde vet vi att humankapital är viktigt för tillväxten i ett land. En bra fungerande grundutbildning är också en förutsättning för en fungerande kompetensförsörjning.Rapporten går igenom modern forskning om vilken effekt humankapital, mätt med kunskapsresultat i internationella mätningar, har på tillväxt. Det visar sig att resultaten i internationella kunskapsmätningar har mycket stor betydelse för länders tillväxt.Studien går sedan också igenom vilka faktorer som i sin tur påverkar resultaten i internationella kunskapsmätningar.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    En kunskapsskola för tillväxt
  • 31.
    Heller-Sahlgren, Gabriel
    et al.
    London School of Economics, London, UK; Institutet för Näringslivsforskning (IFN), Stockholm, Sverige.
    Jordahl, Henrik
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Knowledge-based Schooling for Prosperity: The Impact of Education Reforms on Swedish Economic Growth2019Rapport (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 32.
    Jordahl, Henrik
    Uppsala universitet, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    1.Central Bank Conservatism and Labor Market Reform (medförf.: S. Laséen), 2. An Economic Analysis of Voting in Sweden.2000Licentiatavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 33.
    Jordahl, Henrik
    Department of Economics, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden; Ratio Institute, Sweden.
    An economic analysis of voting in Sweden2006Ingår i: Public Choice, ISSN 0048-5829, E-ISSN 1573-7101, Vol. 127, nr 3-4, s. 251-273Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Using data from the Swedish Election Studies between 1985 and 1994 supplemented with time series on inflation and unemployment, I compare the impact of macro- and microeconomic variables on the individual vote. The principal finding is that macroeconomic variables influence the vote a bit more than microeconomic variables do. In consequence, both self-interest and public interest appear to be important explanations of economic voting in Sweden. Macroeconomic variables have, however, been much more influential in determining election outcomes. Since previous studies of economic voting have used cross-sectional data only, it is also worth noting that panel estimates indicate a much greater impact of macroeconomic variables on the individual vote than cross-sectional estimates do.

  • 34.
    Jordahl, Henrik
    Institutet för Näringslivsforskning (IFN), Stockholm, Sverige.
    Bred analys av tjänstesektorn med Sverige i fokus2015Ingår i: Ekonomisk Debatt, ISSN 0345-2646, Vol. 43, nr 3, s. 95-96Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Bred analys av tjänstesek-torn med Sverige i fokus
  • 35.
    Jordahl, Henrik
    Institutet för Näringslivsforskning, IFN), Stockholm, Sweden.
    Cherry picking i välfärdsföretag2018Ingår i: I stället för vinstförbud: Bättre reglering av välfärdsföretag, Fores , 2018, s. 22-25Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Cherry picking i välfärdsföretag
  • 36.
    Jordahl, Henrik
    The Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN), Stockholm, Sweden.
    Den svenska tjänstesektorn2012Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Sverige är en tjänsteekonomi. Åtta av tio jobb finns i tjänstesektorn. Exporten av tjänster växer snabbt och står i dag för 30 procent av den totala exporten. Industrin har blivit ”tjänstefierad” genom att använda och sälja mer och mer tjänster. Vad innebär den här utvecklingen för näringslivet, för den ekonomiska politiken och för alla dem som arbetar med att utföra tjänster? Den svenska tjänstesektorn kartlägger vår ekonomi från ett tjänste­perspektiv. Boken beskriver tjänstesektorns historiska framväxt och redogör för internationella skillnader. Den ger en inblick i hur tjänste­sektorn växer i stora städer och får stora städer att växa; tjänste­samhället och industrisamhället är geografiskt väsensskilda.Därtill belyses tjänstesektorn i termer av outsourcing, utrikes­handel, skattefinansiering, beskattning, minimilöner och affärskoncept. Tjänsterna betraktas både ur producenternas och ur konsumenternas synvinkel. Boken ger en helhetsbild av tjänstesektorn och lyfter fram en tjänstelogik där varornas funktion är att möjliggöra tjänster. Den svenska tjänstesektorn är främst en lärobok för grundutbildningar i företagsekonomi, nationalekonomi, ekonomisk historia och service management, men passar också för var och en som vill betrakta den svenska ekonomin från ett tjänsteperspektiv. Boken är skriven av femton praktiskt och akademiskt erfarna ekonomer. Inga förkunskaper i nationalekonomi, företagsekonomi eller ekonomisk historia krävs.

  • 37.
    Jordahl, Henrik
    The Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN), Stockholm, Sweden.
    Economic Inequality2009Ingår i: Handbook of Social Capital: The Troika of Sociology, Political Science and Economics / [ed] Gert Tinggaard Svendsen and Gunnar Lind Haase Svendsen, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2009, s. 323-336Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 38.
    Jordahl, Henrik
    Institutet för Näringslivsforskning (IFN), stockholm, Sweden.
    En effektivare skola ger mer kunskap2016Rapport (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Den svenska skolan behöver ett effektivt kvalitetsarbete. Pisa-resultaten talar sitt tydliga språk, och det är högst angeläget att vidta åtgärder som kan förbättra skolresultaten. Rapporten fokuserar på skolors systematiska kvalitetsarbete och effektiviseringsarbete och hur dessa påverkar elevernas prestationer.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    En effektivare skola ger mer kunskap
  • 39.
    Jordahl, Henrik
    Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN), Stockholm, Sweden.
    Erratum to: An economic analysis of voting in Sweden2012Ingår i: Public Choice, ISSN 0048-5829, E-ISSN 1573-7101, Vol. 150, nr 1-2, s. 385-385Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Erratum to: An economic analysis of voting in Sweden
  • 40.
    Jordahl, Henrik
    Uppsala universitet, Nationalekonomiska institutionen.
    Essays on Voting Behavior, Labor Market Policy, and Taxation2002Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis consists of four self-contained essays.

    Essay 1 investigates the vote motive in Swedish general elections. A theoretical model of rational retrospective voting is tested empirically on pooled cross-sectional and panel data from the Swedish Election Studies between 1985 and 1994 supplemented with time series on inflation and unemployment. The principal finding is that microeconomic variables influence the individual vote about as much as macroeconomic variables do. In consequence, self-interest appears to be an important part of an adequate understanding of economic voting in Sweden. When it comes to election outcomes, macroeconomic variables have been much more influential.

    Essay 2 studies the impact of grants in the Swedish general elections in 1991 and 1994. I find that specific – neither total nor general – grants have a positive impact on the incumbent central government's vote. In particular grants to education, social services, and communication appear to be favorable for the incumbent government. According to the estimates, it would cost the government approximately .5 percentage of GDP to increase its support by one percentage point. I find only weak evidence of a greater impact in municipalities with a high share of swing voters.

    Essay 3 (with Stefan Laséen) investigates how the degree of central bank conservatism affects the government's incentives to reform the labor market. An increase in conservatism triggers two opposite effects. It reduces the inflation bias of discretionary monetary policy and hence the benefits of a reform. It also increases unemployment variability, which increases the precautionary benefits of a reform. In combination, the two effects produce a u-shaped relation between conservatism and labor market reform. To test this prediction, we use data for 19 OECD countries for the period 1980–1994. Our proxies for reform are unemployment, different labor market institutions, and indices of labor market rigidities. Conservatism is proxied by two common measures of central bank independence. We find support for the prediction of a u-shaped relation between conservatism and labor market reform.

    Essay 4 (with Luca Micheletto) presents a model where individuals differ both in abilities and in preferences for leisure. We impose a horizontal equity constraint on the problem of finding the optimal utilitarian tax mix. The horizontal equity constraint requires that individuals with the same ability have to pay the same amount of taxes regardless of their preferences. We derive rules for optimal non-linear income and linear commodity taxes under the standard assumption that the government can only observe individual incomes and not abilities or preferences. Contrary to normal findings, we find that a good that is complementary to leisure need not be discouraged by the tax system, and that a good that normally should be discouraged by the tax system need not be taxed at a positive rate even if the economy is composed of only two private commodities plus leisure. Similarly, the marginal effective tax rate need not be equal to zero at the top when the tax mix obeys the horizontal equity constraint.

  • 41.
    Jordahl, Henrik
    Institutet för Näringslivsforskning (IFN), Stockholm, Sverige.
    Granskning av ESO-rapporten Dags för omprövning av Per Molander2017Rapport (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    ESO-rapporten Dags för omprövning av Per Molander behandlar privatiseringar av välfärdstjänster och näringslivsinspirerade styrmetoder inom offentlig verksamhet. Tyvärr lider ESO-rapporten av flera brister som är så allvarliga att den inte bör ligga till grund för politiskt beslutsfattande. Detta Policy Paper redogör för åtta sådana allvarliga brister.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Granskning av ESO-rapporten Dags för omprövning av Per Molander
  • 42.
    Jordahl, Henrik
    Institutet för Näringslivsforskning (IFN), Stockholm, Sverige.
    Nyttig introduktion till mänsklighetens främsta ekonomiska fråga2016Ingår i: Ekonomisk Debatt, ISSN 0345-2646, Vol. 44, nr 3, s. 66-67Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Nyttig introduktion till mänsklighetens främsta ekonomiska fråga
  • 43.
    Jordahl, Henrik
    IFN - Institutet för Näringslivsforskning, Stockholm, Sverige.
    Omprövning av en djärv ESO-rapport2017Ingår i: Ekonomisk Debatt, ISSN 0345-2646, Vol. 45, nr 5, s. 6s. 68-73Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Omprövning av en djärv ESO-rapport
  • 44.
    Jordahl, Henrik
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Perspectives on Public Sector Outsourcing: Quasi-markets and Prices2019Ingår i: CESifo Economic Studies, ISSN 1610-241X, E-ISSN 1612-7501, Vol. 65, nr 4, s. 343-348Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Public sector outsourcing, in the form of private production of tax-financed services, is on the increase with economic and social consequences for consumers, taxpayers, and employees. The development has given rise to so-called quasi-markets with choice and competition between public, for-profit, and non-profit providers. By introducing the main characteristics of quasi-markets with a focus on prices, this article provides background perspectives. It sets the stage for the other six articles on public sector outsourcing in this special issue of the journal.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Perspectives on Public Sector Outsourcing: Quasi-markets and Prices
  • 45.
    Jordahl, Henrik
    Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN).
    Promise voters to pad their wallets, and they will listen2015Ingår i: News from IFN, nr 2Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Promise voters to pad their wallets, and the will listen
  • 46.
    Jordahl, Henrik
    The Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN), Stockholm, Sweden.
    Skattefinansierade tjänster i offentligt, kommersiellt och ideellt utförande2012Ingår i: Den svenska tjänstesektorn / [ed] Henrik Jordahl, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2012, 1, s. 227-257Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 47.
    Jordahl, Henrik
    Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN), Stockholm, Sweden.
    Svar till Per Molander om ESO-rapporten ”Dags för omprövning”2017Ingår i: Sjukhusläkaren, E-ISSN 2002-6005, nr 18 aprilArtikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 48.
    Jordahl, Henrik
    Institutet för Näringslivsforskning (IFN), Stockholm, Sverige.
    Vad jag skrev2017Ingår i: Ekonomisk Debatt, ISSN 0345-2646, Vol. 45, nr 6, s. 63-67Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Vad jag skrev
  • 49.
    Jordahl, Henrik
    Institutet för Näringslivsforskning, IFN, Stockholm, Sverige.
    Vad kännetecknar vår tid?2015Ingår i: Ekonomisk Debatt, ISSN 0345-2646, Vol. 43, nr 4, s. 91-92Artikel, recension (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Vad kännetecknar vår tid?
  • 50.
    Jordahl, Henrik
    Research Institute of Industrial Economics, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Vad vi kan lära av skolorna i gettot2018Ingår i: Kvartal, nr 2 oktoberArtikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
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