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  • 1.
    A Anthony, Martin
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Ingjald, Tobias
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Handelsbanken: en studie om ledarskap2007Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats
  • 2.
    A. Darroudi, Kian
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för humaniora, utbildning och samhällsvetenskap.
    Totala institutioner: sociala hinder och dilemman2009Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 3.
    A. Proko, Romina
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper.
    Deskriptiv studie av Multimodal Rehabilitering 1-deltagare i västra Region Örebro Län: - förändring i självskattning av ångest/depression och basal kroppskännedom efter åtta veckors intervention2019Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (konstnärlig kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 4.
    Aaboen, Lise
    et al.
    Department of Industrial Economics and Technology Management, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway.
    Laage-Hellman, Jens
    Department of Technology Management and Economics, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Lind, Frida
    Department of Technology Management and Economics, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Öberg, Christina
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Shih, Tommy
    Department of Business Administration, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Exploring the roles of university spin-offs in business networks2016Ingår i: Industrial Marketing Management, ISSN 0019-8501, E-ISSN 1873-2062, Vol. 59, s. 157-166Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper identifies different university spin-off (USO) roles related to resource interaction among business parties. It does so by mapping how USOs become part of business networks in terms of their roles relative to other parties. The theoretical frame of reference focuses on roles and resource interaction based on an industrial network approach to business markets. The empirical research is based onfive cases of USOs representing a variety in terms of technology, degree of newness, sector, and area of application. As a result of the analysis, three different roles are identified: the USO as resource mediator, resource re-combiner and resource renewer. These roles reflect how USOs adapt resources to, or require changes among, business parties' resources. The paper also discusses the main resource interfaces associated with the three roles and related challenges. The paper contributes to previous research through illustrating USOs' roles relative to business parties from a resource interaction point of view, and by pointing to the establishment of new companies in business networks as a way of implementing innovation. Finally, the paper discusses the managerial implications of the research in terms of the USO's need to understand which role to take and how to develop it.

  • 5. AAboen, Lise
    et al.
    Laage-Hellman, Jens
    Chalmers University of technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Lind, Frida
    Chalmers University of technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Öberg, Christina
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Shih, Tommy
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    University spin-offs and their roles in business networks2014Ingår i: IMP Conference, 2014Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 6.
    Aadland, Katarina
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Copingstrategier för att hantera stress och oro hos KBT- och övriga studenter2016Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Hur stress och oro hanteras är avgörande för hälsan. För att utveckla kunskapen om stresshantering syftar denna studie till att undersöka skillnader i förekomst och samband mellan problemfokuserad, emotionsfokuserad och undvikandeorienterad coping samt defensiv pessimism. En kvantitativ enkätundersökning genomfördes med 62 KBT-studenter och 87 övriga studenter från olika utbildningar. Resultaten visade att KBT-studenter använder problemfokuserad coping mer än övriga studenter, att övriga studenter använder emotionsfokuserad coping mer än KBT-studenter, samt att äldre KBT-studenter använder defensiv pessimism mindre än yngre KBT-studenter. Dessutom hittades ett negativt samband mellan problemfokuserad och emotionsfokuserad coping och ett positivt samband mellan emotionsfokuserad coping och defensiv pessimism. Sammanfattningsvis visar studien att det finns samband mellan, samt ålder- och utbildningsskillnader i användande av olika copingstrategier.

  • 7.
    Aahlin, Eirik K
    et al.
    Department of GI and HPB Surgery, University Hospital Northern Norway, Breivika, Tromsø, Norway; Institute of Clinical Medicine, University of Tromsø, Tromsø, Norway .
    von Meyenfeldt, Maarten
    Department of Surgery, University Hospital Maastricht, Maastricht, The Netherlands; NUTRIM School for Nutrition, Toxicology and Metabolism, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands.
    Dejong, Cornelius Hc
    Department of Surgery, University Hospital Maastricht, Maastricht, The Netherlands; NUTRIM School for Nutrition, Toxicology and Metabolism, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands.
    Ljungqvist, Olle
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för läkarutbildning. Department of Surgery, Örebro University Hospital, Örebro; Department of Molecular Medicine and Surgery, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Fearon, Kenneth C
    Clinical Surgery, University of Edinburgh, Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK .
    Lobo, Dileep N
    Division of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Nottingham Digestive Diseases Centre, National Institute for Health Research, Biomedical Research Unit, Nottingham University Hospitals, Queen's Medical Centre, Nottingham, UK .
    Demartines, Nicolas
    Hospital of Lausanne (CHUV), Lausanne, Switzerland .
    Revhaug, Arthur
    Department of GI and HPB Surgery, University Hospital Northern Norway, Breivika, Tromsø, Norway; Institute of Clinical Medicine, University of Tromsø, Tromsø, Norway .
    Wigmore, Stephen J
    Clinical Surgery, University of Edinburgh, Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK .
    Lassen, Kristoffer
    Department of GI and HPB Surgery, University Hospital Northern Norway, Breivika, Tromsø, Norway; Institute of Clinical Medicine, University of Tromsø, Tromsø, Norway .
    Functional recovery is considered the most important target: a survey of dedicated professionals2014Ingår i: Perioperative medicine, ISSN 2047-0525, Vol. 3, artikel-id 3:5Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The aim of this study was to survey the relative importance of postoperative recovery targets and perioperative care items, as perceived by a large group of international dedicated professionals.

    Methods: A questionnaire with eight postoperative recovery targets and 13 perioperative care items was mailed to participants of the first international Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) congress and to authors of papers with a clear relevance to ERAS in abdominal surgery. The responders were divided into categories according to profession and region.

    Results: The recovery targets 'To be completely free of nausea', 'To be independently mobile' and 'To be able to eat and drink as soon as possible' received the highest score irrespective of the responder's profession or region of origin. Equally, the care items 'Optimizing fluid balance', 'Preoperative counselling' and 'Promoting early and scheduled mobilisation' received the highest score across all groups.

    Conclusions: Functional recovery, as in tolerance of food without nausea and regained mobility, was considered the most important target of recovery. There was a consistent uniformity in the way international dedicated professionals scored the relative importance of recovery targets and care items. The relative rating of the perioperative care items was not dependent on the strength of evidence supporting the items.

  • 8.
    Aarebrot, Frank
    et al.
    Institutt for sammenliknende politikk, Universitetet i Bergen.
    Berglund, Sten
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Statehood, Secularisation, Cooperation: Explaining Democratic Survival in Inter-War Europe - Stein Rokkan's Conceptual Map Revisited1995Ingår i: Historical social research / Historische Sozialforschung, ISSN 0172-6404, Vol. 20, nr 2, s. 210-225Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article addresses itself to the crisis of democracy in inter-war Europe which saw the breakdown of one democratic regime after the other with Czechoslovakia as the only survivor case in Eastern and Central Europe by the end of this period. It is cast within the framework of Stein Rokkan's seminal conceptual map of Europe which is expanded in order to account for countries and variables originally not included in his analytical scheme. The analysis leads to the following conclusion: where the state building was weak and the legacy of empire strong, or where secular nation building was still impaired by deeply rooted religious sentiments, or where significant segments representing major cleavages where not coopted into a constitutional compromise, the chances for democratic survival in inter-war Europe were slim indeed. The conclusion applies to the inter-war era alone, but it clearly has implications for contemporary Europe. Noting that statehood and secularization ranked high on the agenda of communist Eastern Europe, the authors raise the paradoxical question if the success of democracy in this part of the world may in fact be a byproduct of the extent to which the now defunct communist regimes were successful in promoting their pet goals.

  • 9.
    Aarebrot, Frank
    et al.
    Institutt for sammenliknende politikk, Universitetet i Bergen.
    Berglund, Sten
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Weninger, Thomas
    Institute of Political Science, University of Vienna.
    The View from EFTA1998Ingår i: Public Opinion and Internationalized Governance / [ed] Oskar Niedermayer, Richard Sinnott, Oxford: Oxford University Press , 1998, s. 344-367Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

     This chapter examines public opinion regarding European Community integration in the five small but comparatively prosperous countries in the European Free Trade Association (EFTA). The evidence reveals a split. On the one hand, there is the positive endorsement expressed in Austria, Finland and Sweden; on the other, there is the negative assessment expressed in Norway and Switzerland. This ambivalence confirms that the impact of centre-periphery location is complex. Moreover, as the Norwegian and Swiss cases indicate, the centre-periphery cleavage within countries is as relevant as that between countries to an understanding of support for internationalized governance.

  • 10.
    Aaro, Martina
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för läkarutbildning.
    Antibiotic Prophylaxis in Head and Neck Oncologic Surgeryat Örebro University Hospital (USÖ)2014Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 11.
    Aaro, Martina
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper.
    Polypharmacy and Inappropriate Drug Use among Elderly Patients admitted to a Short-Term Nursing Home in Örebro2017Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 12.
    Aarseth Larsson, Kim
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för naturvetenskap och teknik.
    Chemical Characterisation of Nitrocellulose2014Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Nitrocellulosa är den viktigaste komponenten i många typer av ammunition, drivmedel och sprängämnen. Principerna för produktionen av nitrocellulosa har inte förändrats mycket sedan det börjades produceras industriellt för detta ändamål på 1800 talet. Karaktären av nitrocellulosa har en stor inverkan på slutproduktens egenskaper. Syftet med denna studie var att utveckla en metod som skulle kunna karaktärisera och skilja mellan nitrocellulosa från olika tillverkare för att kunna relatera karaktären av nitrocellulosa till egenskaperna hos ammunition, drivmedel och sprängämnen. Proverna löstes i aceton och analyserades med GC/MS och data analyserades med multivariabel statistik. FTIR användes också för att karakterisera nitrocellulosan. Resultaten för båda proverna visade mycket små skillnader när kromatogram och spektra analyserades. Denna studie visar att GC/MS och FTIR inte är lämpliga för denna typ av karaktärisering. Skillnaderna i data var inte tillräckliga för att kunna skilja proverna från varandra.

  • 13.
    Aarseth Larsson, Kim
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för naturvetenskap och teknik.
    Inhibition of SIRT1 Alters Apoptotic and Sex Related Genes in Zebrafish (Danio rerio)2014Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) är ett nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide-beroende deacetylas som tillhör proteinfamiljen sirtuiner. Proteinet har kopplats till både cancer genom sin effekt på p53 och åldersrelaterade sjukdomar genom sin effekt på PPAR-γ (Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptor gamma). Ny data har även visat ett samband mellan SIRT1, manlig fertilitet och spermatogenes. Då mekanismen för sexdifferentiering hos zebrafiskar fortfarande inte är väl förstådd är sirt1 genen ett intressant mål att studera för att öka förståelsen kring detta ämne. Zebrafiskar av olika ålder exponerades för olika koncentrationer av EX-527 för att inhibera SIRT1 proteinet. Därefter gjordes qRT-PCR analys av apoptotiska och sexrelaterade gener. Både apoptotiska och sexrelaterade geners utrycksnivåer påverkades av exponeringen. Vilka gener som påverkades och hur, skiljde sig i de flesta fall både mellan koncentrationerna av EX-527 som de utsatts för, och mellan åldern på zebrafiskarna. Den han-specifika genen sox9a (sex determining region Y box 9A) var nedreglerad i båda undersökta EX-527 koncentrationerna hos både zebrafiskar i larvstadiet och hos juvenila. Exponeringen av EX-527 gav ingen signifikant skillnad av könskvoten. Vidare studier krävs för att kunna beskriva signalvägen för SIRT1 genreglering i zebrafiskar.

  • 14.
    Abad-Gurumeta, A.
    et al.
    Dept Anaesthesia, Hosp Univ la Paz, Madrid, Spain.
    Ripolles-Melchor, J.
    Dept Anaesthesia, Hosp Univ Infanta Leonor, Univ Complutense Madrid, Madrid, Spain.
    Casans-Frances, R.
    Dept Anaesthesia, Hosp Clin Univ Lozano Blesa, Zaragoza, Spain.
    Espinosa, A.
    Dept Anaesthesia, Örebro University Hospital, Örebro, Sweden.
    Martinez-Hurtado, E.
    Dept Anaesthesia, Hosp Univ Infanta Leonor, Univ Complutense Madrid, Madrid, Spain.
    Fernandez-Perez, C.
    Dept Consultant Prevent Med & Publ Hlth, Univ Complutense Madrid, Madrid, Spain.
    Ramirez, J. M.
    Dept Colorectal Surg, Univ Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Spain.
    Lopez-Timoneda, F.
    Hosp Clin San Carlos, Dept Anaesthesia, Univ Complutense Madrid, Madrid, Spain.
    Calvo-Vecino, J. M.
    Hosp Univ Infanta Leonor, Dept Anaesthesia, Univ Complutense Madrid, Madrid, Spain.
    A systematic review of sugammadex vs neostigmine for reversal of neuromuscular blockade2015Ingår i: Anaesthesia, ISSN 0003-2409, E-ISSN 1365-2044, Vol. 70, nr 12, s. 1441-1452Artikel, forskningsöversikt (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We reviewed systematically sugammadex vs neostigmine for reversing neuromuscular blockade. We included 17 randomised controlled trials with 1553 participants. Sugammadex reduced all signs of residual postoperative paralysis, relative risk (95% CI) 0.46 (0.29-0.71), p=0.0004 and minor respiratory events, relative risk (95% CI) 0.51 (0.32-0.80), p=0.0034. There was no difference in critical respiratory events, relative risk (95% CI) 0.13 (0.02-1.06), p=0.06. Sugammadex reduced drug-related side-effects, relative risk (95% CI) 0.72 (0.54-0.95), p=0.02. There was no difference in the rate of postoperative nausea or the rate of postoperative vomiting, relative risk (95% CI) 0.94 (0.79-1.13), p=0.53, and 0.87 (0.65-1.17), p=0.36 respectively.

  • 15.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för humaniora, utbildning och samhällsvetenskap.
    Class as deviance: constructing the support for and opposition against Hugo Chávez2011Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    By applying the methods of Critical Discourse Analysis this paper aims to explore how ideology works within the discursive construction of class, in the representation of the supporters and opponents of the government of Hugo Chávez in Venezuela. News items from New York Times (US), El País (Uruguay) and Dagens Nyheter (Sweden) constitute the analyzed material. The paper argues that class-markers are important in the representation of government supporters, whom many times are constructed as belonging to the poorer sectors of society. Class is however less explicit in the representation of Chávez-opposition, which in fact is lead by elite groups. It is therefore argued that class in this context becomes a marker of deviance, which in turn works ideologically in legitimizing oppositional groups and disqualifying the support for Chávez’ government.

  • 16.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Constructing democratic (de)legitimacy: Venezuela in foreign news discourse2013Ingår i: NordMedia Conference, 2013Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 17.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Constructing (Il)Legitimate Democracy: Populism and Power Concentration in Newspaper Discourse on Venezuela2014Ingår i: tripleC (cognition, communication, co-operation): Journal for a Global Sustainable Information Society / Unified Theory of Information Research Group, ISSN 1726-670X, Vol. 12, nr 2, s. 802-821Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite scholarly consensus about the importance of the media for democracy, scant attention has been paid to what democracy means to journalistic discourse and how discourses on democracy are interrelated with legitimacy. The aim of this paper is to explore how (il)legitimate democracy is constructed in newspaper discourse. By using critical discourse analysis (CDA), this paper examines foreign news items about Venezuela, a country that under the presidency of Hugo Chávez has challenged the dominant global political and economic orders. The analysis section focuses on two discourses about the Venezuelan government: the constructions of populism  and power concentration, which serve to mark deviance from what is perceived as a legitimate democracy. This paper argues that a liberal perception of democracy constitutes a central framework for the construction of (il)legitimate democracy, which is revealed not least by news discourse’s focus on what is morally unacceptable political conduct according to liberal democratic norms. In this respect, the media discourse serves to denounce potential abuses of governmental power but fail to recognize democracy in the context of a social struggle against the effects of neoliberalism and capitalism. In this case, the news media is hegemonic in the Gramscian sense, because it provides a framework of democracy that remains within the dominant economic and political structures.

  • 18.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    First hegemony, then democracy: on ideology and the media discourse on the coup against Hugo Chávez2012Ingår i: OBS - Observatorio, ISSN 1646-5954, E-ISSN 1646-5954, Vol. 6, nr 3, s. 105-128Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the media discourse on the 2002 coup d’état against the government of Hugo Chávez in Venezuela, with the aim of exploring how ideology in media discourse helps construct democracy in a Latin American political context. Critical discourse analysis is used to examine written pieces from Dagens Nyheter (Sweden), El País (Uruguay), and the New York Times (US). The study finds that the discourse on the overthrow and the events preceding it constructs the coup as a potential victory for democracy and as the definitive end of Chávez. However, after the failure of the coup and the reinstallation of Chávez one can perceive discursive renegotiations, such as the publishing of non-fundamental criticism of the overthrow. The study argues that the media discourse on the coup displays a highly relativistic attitude towards democracy, which serves the interests of the elite classes in Venezuela and of US hegemony in global politics. The article also argues that the flexibility of the discourse at hand shows the need for a detailed analysis of how ideology is (re)formed in media discourse.

  • 19.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för humaniora, utbildning och samhällsvetenskap.
    The construction of a ‘democratic transition’: the coup against Chávez in Swedish media2009Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 20.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    The slum-dwellers and the Latin American normal: the construction of chavistas and the Venezuelan opposition in foreign news discourse2012Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 21.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Through a Eurocentric lens: Difference and (de)legitimacy in foreign news discourse on Venezuela2013Ingår i: Ida Blom Conference, 2013Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 22.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Through a post-political gaze: on the ideological loading of democracy in the coverage of Chávez's Venezuela2015Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Rooted in ideology critique, this dissertation studies the construction of democracy in the coverage of Venezuela during the era of President Hugo Chávez. The aim of this endeavor is twofold. First, the dissertation aims to understand the relationship between ideology and the construction of democracy in journalism on foreign political phenomena. Second, it attempts to explore the ways in which the relationship between ideology and democracy in journalism serves to legitimize or delegitimize the struggle for social justice in nations in the global South vis-à-vis the political and economic fundamentals of global capitalism.

    The dissertation comprises three articles that study the construction of democracy in depictions of the Venezuelan political system and its key political actors. Article I studies the construction of (il)legitimate democracy in relation to the Venezuelan government, Article II explores the construction of difference between Chávez’s supporters and his opponents, and Article III studies the coverage of the coup d’état against Chávez in 2002. All three articles are methodologically rooted in critical discourse analysis and rely on materials from a sample of three elite newspapers: Dagens Nyheter (Sweden), El País (Uruguay), and the New York Times (US).

    Across the studies, there are four macro-strategies that in different ways serve to ideologically load the notion of democracy. Three of these strategies – the constructs of populism, of power concentration and of difference – serve to define political deviance and to (de)legitimize political actors in relation to democracy. The fourth macro-strategy, relativization, serves to justify actions that contradict established democratic principles but serve greater politico-ideological goals.

    (De)legitimation in relation to democracy corresponds with the closeness of a group of actors to the dominant political practices and values within global capitalism. Journalistic reporting thus follows a post-political gaze; it is generally in accordance with the political consensus that characterizes the post-Cold War era. Through this gaze, any challenge to the political tenets of global capitalism fails on democratic grounds.

    Delarbeten
    1. Constructing (Il)Legitimate Democracy: Populism and Power Concentration in Newspaper Discourse on Venezuela
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Constructing (Il)Legitimate Democracy: Populism and Power Concentration in Newspaper Discourse on Venezuela
    2014 (Engelska)Ingår i: tripleC (cognition, communication, co-operation): Journal for a Global Sustainable Information Society / Unified Theory of Information Research Group, ISSN 1726-670X, Vol. 12, nr 2, s. 802-821Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Despite scholarly consensus about the importance of the media for democracy, scant attention has been paid to what democracy means to journalistic discourse and how discourses on democracy are interrelated with legitimacy. The aim of this paper is to explore how (il)legitimate democracy is constructed in newspaper discourse. By using critical discourse analysis (CDA), this paper examines foreign news items about Venezuela, a country that under the presidency of Hugo Chávez has challenged the dominant global political and economic orders. The analysis section focuses on two discourses about the Venezuelan government: the constructions of populism  and power concentration, which serve to mark deviance from what is perceived as a legitimate democracy. This paper argues that a liberal perception of democracy constitutes a central framework for the construction of (il)legitimate democracy, which is revealed not least by news discourse’s focus on what is morally unacceptable political conduct according to liberal democratic norms. In this respect, the media discourse serves to denounce potential abuses of governmental power but fail to recognize democracy in the context of a social struggle against the effects of neoliberalism and capitalism. In this case, the news media is hegemonic in the Gramscian sense, because it provides a framework of democracy that remains within the dominant economic and political structures.

    Nyckelord
    Democracy; Media; Journalism; Discourse; Ideology; Legitimacy; Liberalism; Foreign News, Venezuela, Hugo Chávez
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap
    Forskningsämne
    Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-39610 (URN)
    Tillgänglig från: 2014-12-11 Skapad: 2014-12-11 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-10-18Bibliografiskt granskad
    2. Through Eurocentric logics: The construction of difference in foreign news discourse on Venezuela
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Through Eurocentric logics: The construction of difference in foreign news discourse on Venezuela
    2016 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of Language and Politics, ISSN 1569-2159, E-ISSN 1569-9862, Vol. 15, nr 1, s. 94-115Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to explore the construction of difference in foreign news discourse on culturally similar but politically different non-Western subjects. Applying critical discourse analysis (CDA) together with a critique of Eurocentrism, the study examines difference in newspaper constructions of government supporters and oppositional groups in Venezuela. Discursive differences are evident in the strategies used for constructing the two groups with regard to political rationality and violence. Government supporters are associated with social justice, Venezuela's poor, dogmatic behavior, and the use of political violence. The opposition, in contrast, is constructed as following a Western democratic rationale that stresses anti-authoritarianism. This group is primarily associated with victims of violence. While the opposition is conveyed as being compatible with Eurocentric values and practices, government supporters to great extent deviate from these norms. Such constructions serve to legitimize politico-ideological undercurrents of Eurocentrism, as the defense of liberalism.

    Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
    John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2016
    Nyckelord
    critical discourse analysis, difference, Eurocentrism, foreign news, ideology, legitimacy, media, postcolonialism, Venezuela
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap
    Forskningsämne
    Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-39875 (URN)10.1075/jlp.15.1.05aba (DOI)000375712400005 ()2-s2.0-84969706233 (Scopus ID)
    Tillgänglig från: 2014-12-17 Skapad: 2014-12-17 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-07-09Bibliografiskt granskad
    3. First hegemony, then democracy: on ideology and the media discourse on the coup against Hugo Chávez
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>First hegemony, then democracy: on ideology and the media discourse on the coup against Hugo Chávez
    2012 (Engelska)Ingår i: OBS - Observatorio, ISSN 1646-5954, E-ISSN 1646-5954, Vol. 6, nr 3, s. 105-128Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the media discourse on the 2002 coup d’état against the government of Hugo Chávez in Venezuela, with the aim of exploring how ideology in media discourse helps construct democracy in a Latin American political context. Critical discourse analysis is used to examine written pieces from Dagens Nyheter (Sweden), El País (Uruguay), and the New York Times (US). The study finds that the discourse on the overthrow and the events preceding it constructs the coup as a potential victory for democracy and as the definitive end of Chávez. However, after the failure of the coup and the reinstallation of Chávez one can perceive discursive renegotiations, such as the publishing of non-fundamental criticism of the overthrow. The study argues that the media discourse on the coup displays a highly relativistic attitude towards democracy, which serves the interests of the elite classes in Venezuela and of US hegemony in global politics. The article also argues that the flexibility of the discourse at hand shows the need for a detailed analysis of how ideology is (re)formed in media discourse.

    Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
    Obercom, 2012
    Nyckelord
    Critical discourse analysis, democracy, ideology, hegemony, news media, Hugo Chávez
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap
    Forskningsämne
    Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-25730 (URN)
    Tillgänglig från: 2012-09-06 Skapad: 2012-09-06 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-06-14Bibliografiskt granskad
  • 23.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    School of Education and Communication, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Through Eurocentric logics: The construction of difference in foreign news discourse on Venezuela2016Ingår i: Journal of Language and Politics, ISSN 1569-2159, E-ISSN 1569-9862, Vol. 15, nr 1, s. 94-115Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to explore the construction of difference in foreign news discourse on culturally similar but politically different non-Western subjects. Applying critical discourse analysis (CDA) together with a critique of Eurocentrism, the study examines difference in newspaper constructions of government supporters and oppositional groups in Venezuela. Discursive differences are evident in the strategies used for constructing the two groups with regard to political rationality and violence. Government supporters are associated with social justice, Venezuela's poor, dogmatic behavior, and the use of political violence. The opposition, in contrast, is constructed as following a Western democratic rationale that stresses anti-authoritarianism. This group is primarily associated with victims of violence. While the opposition is conveyed as being compatible with Eurocentric values and practices, government supporters to great extent deviate from these norms. Such constructions serve to legitimize politico-ideological undercurrents of Eurocentrism, as the defense of liberalism.

  • 24. Abalo, Ernesto
    et al.
    Danielsson, Martin
    Högskolan i Halmstad.
    Förenaren och utestängaren: om mediesportkonsumtion och sportpreferenser2004Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 25.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för humaniora, utbildning och samhällsvetenskap.
    Danielsson, Martin
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Halmstad, Sweden.
    Johansson, Håkan
    Lunds universitet, Lund, Sweden.
    Olsson, Tobias
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Digital inkludering eller exkludering?: Arbetslösas användning av Arbetsförmedlingens webbplats2010Ingår i: Den ifrågasatte medborgaren: om utsatta gruppers relation till välfärdssystemen / [ed] Torbjörn Hjort, Philip Lalander, Roddy Nilsson, Växjö: MiV, Linnéuniversitetet , 2010, s. 71-86Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 26.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Danielsson, Martin
    Johansson, Håkan
    Olsson, Tobias
    Emerging patterns in the era of e-governance: a study of users of 'Swedish public employment service' on internet2012Ingår i: Media in the swirl / [ed] Ravi K. Dhar, Pooja Rana, New Delhi: Pentagon Press , 2012, 1, s. 114-125Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 27.
    Abalos, M.
    et al.
    MTM Research Center, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
    Abad, E.
    Laboratory of Dioxins, Mass Spectrometry Laboratory, Environmental Chemistry Dept., IDÆA-CSIC, Barcelona, Spain.
    van Leeuwen, S. P. J.
    Institute for Environmental Studies (IVM), Vrije University, Amsterdam, Netherlands; RIKILT-Institute of Food Safety, Wageningen, Netherlands.
    Lindström, Gunilla
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för naturvetenskap och teknik.
    Fiedler, Heidelore
    UNEP Chemicals, Châtelaine GE, Switzerland.
    de Boer, J.
    Institute for Environmental Studies (IVM), Vrije University, Amsterdam, Netherlands.
    van Bavel, Bert
    Results for PCDD/PCDF and dl-PCBs in the first round of UNEPs biennial global interlaboratory assessment on persistent organic pollutants2013Ingår i: TrAC. Trends in analytical chemistry, ISSN 0165-9936, E-ISSN 1879-3142, Vol. 46, s. 98-109Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The first worldwide interlaboratory assesment on persistent organic pollutants (POPs) under the Stockholm Convention was organized in the Asian/Pacific, Latin American and African regions during 2009-11.

    A relatively large number of laboratories reported data for the PCDDs/PCDFs and dioxin-like PCBs, especially in the Asian region. Within the Asian region, several participants used high-resolution GC/high-resolution MS systems optimized for dioxin analysis. The availibility of High-resolution mass spectrometer instrumentation is limited in the Latin America and African regions, although recently several new laboratories for dioxins have started in the Latin American region.

  • 28.
    Aban, Sara
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Alemirad, Puya
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    ADHD: En kvalitativ studie om vuxna med ADHD2011Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (yrkesexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    ADHD är den snabbast växande diagnosen på senare tid och har länge setts som en problematik främst förekommande bland barn. Den befintliga forskningen gällande ADHD är därför mer anpassad till yngre individer och syftet med denna studie är därför att undersöka vuxnas upplevelse och hur de förhåller sig till diagnosen samt omgivningens reaktioner gentemot ADHD utifrån respondentens perspektiv. För att kunna ta reda på detta intervjuades fem individer med ADHD och en kvalitativ forskningsansats valdes som metod för intervjuerna. Vidare valdes meningskoncentrering som analysmetod för intervjuerna då den kortar ner och koncentrerar utvalda citat som användes i analysen. För att tolka och analysera respondenternas upplevelser kring ADHD användes valda teorier som verktyg; stigma, rollteori samt jagpsykologi. Detta för att få en bredare förståelse för respondenternas upplevelser samt förklaringar utifrån teorierna. Slutsatsen berörde diskussioner gällande hur intervjurespondenterna lever med ADHD idag, hela utvecklingsprocessen som diagnosen gav upphov till samt omgivningens syn på ADHD som något avvikande. Utvecklingsprocessen som respondenterna genomlevde innan de accepterade diagnosen som en del av sin identitet gav upphov till en modell som tydligare förklarar de faser respondenterna upplevde. Detta från att diagnosen sattes tills de anammat diagnosen och även använde sig av den i positiva ändamål, exempelvis att arbeta med andra som har ADHD.

  • 29.
    Abas, Rosa
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    DEN NYA SVENSKA TERRORISMFINANSIERINGSLAGSTIFTNINGEN2016Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (yrkesexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 30.
    Abatecola, Gianpaolo
    et al.
    University of Rome Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy.
    Breslin, Dermot
    Sheffield University Management School, Sheffield, UK.
    Kask, Johan
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Discussing co-evolutionary research in management studies: a critical account of the new millennium2018Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 31.
    Abatecola, Gianpaolo
    et al.
    University of Rome Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy.
    Breslin, Dermot
    University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK.
    Kask, Johan
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Lo sviluppo dell’approccio co-evolutivo negli studi di management: Un’analisi del nuovo Millennio2018Ingår i: Evoluzionismo sistemico: il fascino della precarietà / [ed] Paniccia, P. and Barile S., Aracne , 2018, s. 13-20Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 32.
    Abawi, Akram
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper.
    The effect of TGF-B1 and Fetal Bovine Serum on Sema 7A. Expression: An in Vitro study on Bone Marrow derived MSC from patients vith BCR-ABL negative Myeloproliferative neoplasms2017Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 33.
    Abay, Selamawit
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Segerdahl, Anna
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Kommunikation mellan vårdpersonaloch patienter med afasi till följd av strokeEn litteraturstudie2019Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (högskoleexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 34.
    Abbas, Asad
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Faiz, Ali
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Reasons for the failure of government IT projects in Pakistan: A Contemporary Study2013Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 35.
    Abbas, Asad
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Faiz, Ali
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Usefulness of Digital and Traditional Library in Higher Education2012Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 36.
    Abbas, Bafrin
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Lärarkompetenser i samhällskunskap: Lärarens syn på ämnes-, didaktiska och sociala kompetenser2015Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (yrkesexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 37.
    Abbas, Bafrin
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    VILKA FÖRÄNDRINGAR HAR ÄGT RUM?: En analys av sex barn- och ungdomsböcker som skildrar en förändring i lärar- och elevrollen samt deras relation.2015Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 38.
    Abbas, Monika
    Örebro universitet, Hälsoakademin.
    Bedömning av variabler vid postocklusiv reaktiv hyperemi (PORH)-test med Laser Doppler Flowmetry teknik2011Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 39.
    Abbay, Kissery
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Gender Vis-à-vis Swedish Municipal Web sites2010Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 40.
    Abdallah Athumani, Ngenya
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Characterization of tick-born encephalitis and West Nile virus non-structural 5 protein interactions with host factors involved in immune evasion and cellular apoptosis.2016Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 41.
    Abdeldaim, Guma M. K.
    et al.
    Section of Clinical Bacteriology, Department of Medical Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden; Department of Clinical Mycobacteriology, National Center for Diseases Control, Benghazi, Libyan Arab Jamahiriya.
    Strålin, Kristoffer
    Department of Infectious Diseases, Örebro University Hospital, Örebro, Sweden; Department of Infectious Diseases, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Olcén, Per
    Department of Laboratory Medicine, Örebro University Hospital, Örebro, Sweden.
    Blomberg, Jonas
    Section of Clinical Virology, Department of Medical Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Mölling, Paula
    Region Örebro län. Department of Laboratory Medicine.
    Herrmann, Björn
    Section of Clinical Bacteriology, Department of Medical Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Quantitative fucK gene polymerase chain reaction on sputum and nasopharyngeal secretions to detect Haemophilus influenzae pneumonia2013Ingår i: Diagnostic microbiology and infectious disease, ISSN 0732-8893, E-ISSN 1879-0070, Vol. 76, nr 2, s. 141-146Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    A quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for the fucK gene was developed for specific detection of Haemophilus influenzae. The method was tested on sputum and nasopharyngeal aspirate (NPA) from 78 patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). With a reference standard of sputum culture and/or serology against the patient's own nasopharyngeal isolate, H. influenzae etiology was detected in 20 patients. Compared with the reference standard, fucK PCR (using the detection limit 10(5) DNA copies/mL) on sputum and NPA showed a sensitivity of 95.0% (19/20) in both cases, and specificities of 87.9% (51/58) and 89.5% (52/58), respectively. In a receiver operating characteristic curve analysis, sputum fucK PCR was found to be significantly superior to sputum P6 PCR for detection of H. influenzae CAP. NPA fucK PCR was positive in 3 of 54 adult controls without respiratory symptoms. In conclusion, quantitative fucK real-time PCR provides a sensitive and specific identification of H. influenzae in respiratory secretions.

  • 42.
    Abdellah, Nadia
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Humanistiska institutionen.
    Berglund, Josefin
    Örebro universitet, Humanistiska institutionen.
    En studie i rött: En socialsemiotisk analys av Socialdemokraternas valbroschyrer från 1960, 1985 och 20062008Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte: Syftet är att undersöka hur Socialdemokraternas valbroschyrer har förändrats i sättet att presentera sig själva för potentiella väljare under de senaste 50 åren.

    Metod: Socialsemiotik

    Teorier: Uppsatsen tar avstamp utifrån teorier om förmoderna, moderna och postmoderna kampanjer samt amerikaniseringsteorier, men även hur trenderna enligt forskare ser ut i Sverige och andra europeiska länder.

    Huvudresultat: Undersökningen visar såväl likheter som skillnader mellan de analyserade åren. Reklamdiskursens växande inverkan på broschyrerna gör sig tydlig, vilket kan ses som en del i den växande kommersialiseringen av politiken. Tendenser till en amerikanisering kan skönjas men dessa är vaga. Uppdelningen av kampanjer som förmoderna, moderna och postmoderna anser vi vara diskutabla.

  • 43.
    Abdelnour, Samer
    et al.
    Erasmus University, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.
    Hasselbladh, Hans
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Kallinikos, Jannis
    London School of Economics and Political Science, London, UK.
    Agency and Instituions in Organization Studies2017Ingår i: Organization Studies, ISSN 0170-8406, E-ISSN 1741-3044, Vol. 38, nr 12, s. 1775-1792Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Agency and institutions are essential concepts within institutional theory. In this Perspectives issue, we draw on a select group of Organization Studies articles to provide an overview of the topic of agency and institutions. We first consider different ways of defining agency and institutions and examine their implications for institutional theory. We then analyse the relationship of actors and institutions through four lenses – the wilful actor, collective intentionality, patchwork institutions and modular individuals. Our analysis leads us to dissociate agency from individuals and view it as a capacity or quality that stems from resources, rights and obligations tied to the roles and social positions actors occupy. Roles and social positions are institutionally engineered. It is social actors qua occupants of roles and positions (not individuals) that enter the social ‘stage’ and exercise agency.

  • 44.
    Abdelsaid, Abdelaziz
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Nora, Hanna
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Stressens konsekvenserEn kvalitativ studie om socialsekreterares upplevelser av stress och dess arbetsförmågan.2014Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (yrkesexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 45.
    Abdelzadeh, Ali
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Den missnöjda demokraten: Ungas politiska missnöje och engagemang i en tid av förändring2015Rapport (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 46.
    Abdelzadeh, Ali
    Örebro universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Kvinnor i en mansdominerad värld: En jämförande studie om kvinnors representation i de etablerade demokratiernas parlament2008Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to map out and to analyze the spatial variation of female representation at the national level in established democracies. The aim is also to explain the variation in the female representation. The main questions that the paper tries to answer are:

    1.How does women representation in established democratic parliaments vary?

    2.Why does women representation in established democratic parliaments vary?

    This study is a comparative and statistic study, i.e. a study that includes a bigger number of countries and where quantitative analysis methods are used in order to achieve comparative analyses. This study is both a descriptive and an explanatory study. The statistical method that is used in this study is mainly bivariat analysis and multivariat regression.

    The results show that the variation in female representation in the established democracies is quite considerable. Sweden, Norway, Finland, Denmark and Netherlands feature high female representation at the national level during the period 1995-2005. The result also implies that the proportion of women in parliament increases during the current period. The result also shows that political institutions, socio-economic -and cultural factors, are important and necessary in order to explain the variation in female representation. The overall standards that can be discerned of the statistical analyses is that the proportion of women in parliament is higher in countries with a proportional electoral system, high number of parliament members, high socio-economic development (high HDI, GDI and GNP per capita) contemporary as the country introduced female suffrage in an early stage and have a more positive attitude toward female leadership.

  • 47.
    Abdelzadeh, Ali
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    The impact of political conviction on the relation between winning or losing and political dissatisfaction: findings from Sweden2014Ingår i: SAGE Open, ISSN 2158-2440, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Sage Open, ISSN ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 4, nr 2Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Election outcomes, or more specifically belonging to a political minority or majority, have a significant impact on citizens’ attitudes toward the political system and political involvement. This study aims to broaden our understanding in these regards by taking into account the effects of people’s political convictions on the relation between belonging to a political minority or majority and their dissatisfaction with the performance of the political system. Using a person-oriented approach, four groups of citizens were identified on the basis of their attachment to political parties. The group of people who were not politically attached to any of the political parties were the most dissatisfied, whereas supporters of parties in government were the least dissatisfied. Moreover, supporters of opposition parties who had high levels of political conviction were more dissatisfied than supporters of opposition parties who had lower levels of political conviction. Overall, the findings of this study show that it is crucial to take into account the individual characteristics of citizens when studying the relations between election outcomes and political attitudes.

  • 48.
    Abdelzadeh, Ali
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Transcending dichotomies: The many faces of youth dissatisfaction in democracy2014Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    In the recent scholarly debates over changing citizenship attitudes and norms in advanced democracies, especially when it comes to rising levels of political dissatisfaction, opinion about the political role of young people is divided. For some scholars, they represent a driving force behind the development of new kinds of citizenship values, and constitute an asset to the functioning of political systems. For others, they pose a potential threat to the health of representative democracy, because of their increasing levels of dissatisfaction and civic disengagement. By contrast with these two competing approaches, this dissertation advances the argument that a more balanced view of young people’s political activities is called for. Adopting a quantitative approach, it aims therefore to contribute to better theoretical and empirical understanding of young people’s political dissatisfaction, and to explain their role in a democratic society. Considering different aspects of dissatisfaction, the current dissertation contributes to previous research in significant ways. Among others things, it adds to our knowledge by showing empirically that, in terms of political dissatisfaction, young people constitute a heterogeneous group, with different political roles and profiles, ranging from the healthy to the more threatening. Moreover, it contributes to previous research by highlighting the crucial role played by fair teachers in providing linkages between young citizens and the wider political system. All in all, the findings in the current dissertation have implications for the ongoing debate over the role and significance of young people in the functioning of democratic systems, and also for political socialization research.

    Delarbeten
    1. Understanding critical citizenship and other forms of public dissatisfaction: an alternative framework
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Understanding critical citizenship and other forms of public dissatisfaction: an alternative framework
    2012 (Engelska)Ingår i: Politics, Culture and Socialization, ISSN 1866-3427, E-ISSN 2196-1417, Vol. 3, nr 1-2, s. 179-196Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research has paid much attention to citizen dissatisfaction and the trends of growing political disaffection, cynicism, and scepticism – in short, the emergence of 'critical citizens'. Also, more recently, critical citizens have sometimes been viewed as an asset for democracy. However, despite both pessimistic and optimistic interpretations of public criticism, the issue of conceptualizing negative attitudes has received less attention. The present study was conducted to enrich understanding of this particular dimension of citizens' attitudes. To this end, the paper suggests an alternative theoretical framework for analysing various forms of negative political orientations. The framework has been tested empirically using three types of statistical procedures, which demonstrate its validity and usefulness.

    Nyckelord
    Critical citizens, political dissatisfaction, political disaffection, negative political orientations, political attitudes, youths
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Statsvetenskap
    Forskningsämne
    Statskunskap
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-27846 (URN)
    Projekt
    PSP, Political Socialisation Program
    Tillgänglig från: 2013-03-04 Skapad: 2013-03-04 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-05-12Bibliografiskt granskad
    2. Dissatisfied citizens: an asset or a burden in democratic functioning of a society?
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Dissatisfied citizens: an asset or a burden in democratic functioning of a society?
    (Engelska)Manuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Past research has shown that, whereas the majority of people in democracies support the idea of democracy as a form of governance, some citizens are dissatisfied with the democratic institutions and the way democracy performs. In this paper, we examined democratic characteristics of dissatisfied youths to understand the role they play in the democratic functioning of a society. Based on youth’s dissatisfaction with the performance of political institutions and the principles of democracy, we identified four groups distinct of citizens. Then, we compared these groups in terms of their political engagement, knowledge and interest, values and attitudes, and law breaking attitudes. The results showed that youths with high levels of principle- and performance-driven dissatisfaction were less likely to participate in politics, less knowledgeable and interested in political issues, and more likely to break the laws, even if people got hurt compared to other three groups. In contrast, youths who were only dissatisfied with the performance of democratic institutions were more likely to participate in politics, and have higher humanistic values and tolerance towards immigrants. By examining distinct groups of dissatisfied citizens and their democratic characteristics, the current study contributes to the general debate on the role of dissatisfied citizens in democracies.

    Nyckelord
    dissatisfied citizen, critical citizen, performance-driven dissatisfaction, principledriven dissatisfaction, democracy, attitudes to law-breaking
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Statsvetenskap
    Forskningsämne
    Statskunskap
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-35330 (URN)
    Tillgänglig från: 2014-06-11 Skapad: 2014-06-11 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-10-17Bibliografiskt granskad
    3. The impact of political conviction on the relation between winning or losing and political dissatisfaction: findings from Sweden
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>The impact of political conviction on the relation between winning or losing and political dissatisfaction: findings from Sweden
    2014 (Engelska)Ingår i: SAGE Open, ISSN 2158-2440, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Sage Open, ISSN ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 4, nr 2Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Election outcomes, or more specifically belonging to a political minority or majority, have a significant impact on citizens’ attitudes toward the political system and political involvement. This study aims to broaden our understanding in these regards by taking into account the effects of people’s political convictions on the relation between belonging to a political minority or majority and their dissatisfaction with the performance of the political system. Using a person-oriented approach, four groups of citizens were identified on the basis of their attachment to political parties. The group of people who were not politically attached to any of the political parties were the most dissatisfied, whereas supporters of parties in government were the least dissatisfied. Moreover, supporters of opposition parties who had high levels of political conviction were more dissatisfied than supporters of opposition parties who had lower levels of political conviction. Overall, the findings of this study show that it is crucial to take into account the individual characteristics of citizens when studying the relations between election outcomes and political attitudes.

    Nyckelord
    political dissatisfaction, political attachment, election outcomes, political conviction, political minority, political majority
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Statsvetenskap
    Forskningsämne
    Statskunskap
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-35056 (URN)10.1177/2158244014535414 (DOI)
    Tillgänglig från: 2014-05-15 Skapad: 2014-05-15 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-05Bibliografiskt granskad
    4. Procedural fairness and political trust among young people: evidence from a panel study on Swedish high school students
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Procedural fairness and political trust among young people: evidence from a panel study on Swedish high school students
    2015 (Engelska)Ingår i: Acta Politica, ISSN 0001-6810, E-ISSN 1741-1416, Vol. 50, nr 3, s. 253-278Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt) Published
    Abstract [en]

    The role of ‘fair’ institutions in developing democratic legitimacy has received increased attention. Citizens who perceive – on basis of past experiences – that they are being treated fairly by authorities have been held to have greater trust in political institutions. However, previous studies on the relationship between procedural fairness and political trust have not paid sufficient attention to individuals with limited first-hand experiences of authorities. We examine the relationship on an authority that virtually all individuals meet early in life: the school. Using structural equation modeling on unique panel data covering 1,500 Swedish adolescents (ages ranging from 13 to 17), we find a reciprocal relationship: personal encounters with school authorities shape young people’s political trust; however, the images that adolescents get of the political system (through family, peers, media, etc.) have also consequences on their perceptions about the authorities they encounter in their daily lives. The analysis increases our understanding of how individuals form their political allegiances by showing that the relationship between fairness and trust is more dynamic than has previously been suggested: neither an accumulated set of experiences of authorities nor formal ties with political institutions (as voters, etc.) are required for a relationship to emerge. 

    Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
    Palgrave Macmillan Ltd., 2015
    Nyckelord
    Procedural fairness, political trust, reciprocal, school, adolescents, Sweden, structural equation modeling
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Statsvetenskap
    Forskningsämne
    Statskunskap
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-35331 (URN)10.1057/ap.2014.22 (DOI)000359176500001 ()
    Anmärkning

    This study was made possible by access to data from the Political Socialization Program, a longitudinal research program at YeS (Youth & Society) at Örebro University, Sweden. Responsible for the planning, implementation, and financing of the collection of data in this project were Professors Erik Amnå, Mats Ekström, Margaret Kerr, and Håkan Stattin. The data collection was supported by grants from the Bank of Sweden Tercentenary Foundation. Moreover, the participation of Pär Zetterberg in the writing of this study was made possible by a grant from the Swedish Research Council.

    Tillgänglig från: 2014-06-11 Skapad: 2014-06-11 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-05Bibliografiskt granskad
  • 49.
    Abdelzadeh, Ali
    Örebro universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Turkiet: en konsoliderad demokrati?2007Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats
  • 50. Abdelzadeh, Ali
    et al.
    Amnå, Erik
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Fitzgerald, Jennifer
    University of Colorado, Boulder, USA.
    The popularization of unpopular ideas: Discord among friends and intolerance toward immigrants in Sweden2016Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
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