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  • 1.
    Bayram Özdemir, Sevgi
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Özdemir, Metin
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Stattin, Håkan
    Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Ethnic Harassment and Immigrant Youth's Engagement in Violent Behaviors: Understanding the Risk Factors2019Ingår i: Child Development, ISSN 0009-3920, E-ISSN 1467-8624, Vol. 90, nr 3, s. 808-824Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study aimed to examine whether ethnic harassment was related to violent behaviors among immigrant youth over time and to identify the risk factors. The sample comprised immigrant adolescents living in Sweden (N = 365; Mage  = 13.93, SD = 0.80). Results showed that the more youth were ethnically harassed, the more they engaged in violent acts over time. A separated identity significantly moderated the effect of ethnic harassment on youth's engagement in violent behaviors. Specifically, ethnic harassment positively predicted engagement in violent behaviors only at high levels of separated identity. Impulsivity and school ethnic composition did not act as moderators. The findings suggest that preventing violent behaviors among immigrant youth requires a focus on promoting positive interethnic relationships, and multicultural identity among immigrant youth.

  • 2.
    Bezdjian, Serena
    et al.
    Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis MO, United States .
    Tuvblad, Catherine
    Department of Psychology, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, United States .
    Raine, Adrian
    University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia PA, United States .
    Baker, Laura
    Department of Psychology, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, United States .
    The genetic and environmental covariation among psychopathic personality traits, and reactive and proactive aggression in childhood2011Ingår i: Child Development, ISSN 0009-3920, E-ISSN 1467-8624, Vol. 82, nr 4, s. 1267-1281Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study investigated the genetic and environmental covariance between psychopathic personality traits with reactive and proactive aggression in 9- to 10-year-old twins (N=1,219). Psychopathic personality traits were assessed with the Child Psychopathy Scale (D. R. Lynam, 1997), while aggressive behaviors were assessed using the Reactive Proactive Questionnaire (A. Raine et al., 2006). Significant common genetic influences were found to be shared by psychopathic personality traits and aggressive behaviors using both caregiver (mainly mother) and child self-reports. Significant genetic and nonshared environmental influences specific to psychopathic personality traits and reactive and proactive aggression were also found, suggesting etiological independence among these phenotypes. Additionally, the genetic relation between psychopathic personality traits and aggression was significantly stronger for proactive than reactive aggression when using child self-reports.

  • 3.
    Cheah, Charissa S. L.
    et al.
    University of Maryland, College Park MD, USA.
    Leung, Christy Y. Y.
    University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA.
    Bayram Özdemir, Sevgi
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Chinese Malaysian Adolescents’ Social Cognitive Reasoning regarding Filial Piety Dilemmas2018Ingår i: Child Development, ISSN 0009-3920, E-ISSN 1467-8624, Vol. 89, nr 2, s. 383-396Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examined the social-cognitive reasoning of 52 Chinese Malaysian preadolescents (9-12 years old; M = 11.02, SD = 0.94) and 68 adolescents (13-18 years old; M = 14.76, SD = 1.39) in resolving filial dilemmas within the personal and moral domain. Preadolescents deferred to parental authority, whereas adolescents endorsed filial obligation reasoning to justify compliance in the personal domain. Both appealed to filial obligation, pragmatic, or welfare and safety reasoning to justify compliance but fairness or rights reasoning to justify their noncompliance, for the moral issue. Distinctions between authoritarian and reciprocal filial piety reasoning were revealed. Findings demonstrated complex decision-making and cognitive reasoning processes among Chinese Malaysian adolescents as they negotiate their filial obligations and autonomy development.

  • 4.
    Hardell, Lennart
    Region Örebro län.
    Effects of Mobile Phones on Children's and Adolescents' Health: A Commentary2017Ingår i: Child Development, ISSN 0009-3920, E-ISSN 1467-8624, Vol. 89, nr 1, s. 137-140Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The use of digital technology has grown rapidly during the last couple of decades. During use, mobile phones and cordless phones emit radiofrequency (RF) radiation. No previous generation has been exposed during childhood and adolescence to this kind of radiation. The brain is the main target organ for RF emissions from the handheld wireless phone. An evaluation of the scientific evidence on the brain tumor risk was made in May 2011 by the International Agency for Research on Cancer at World Health Organization. The scientific panel reached the conclusion that RF radiation from devices that emit nonionizing RF radiation in the frequency range 30 kHz-300 GHz is a Group 2B, that is, a "possible" human carcinogen. With respect to health implications of digital (wireless) technologies, it is of importance that neurological diseases, physiological addiction, cognition, sleep, and behavioral problems are considered in addition to cancer. Well-being needs to be carefully evaluated as an effect of changed behavior in children and adolescents through their interactions with modern digital technologies.

  • 5.
    Kakihara, Fumiko
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Tilton-Weaver, Lauree
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Adolescents' interpretations of parental control: Differentiated by domain and types of control2009Ingår i: Child Development, ISSN 0009-3920, E-ISSN 1467-8624, Vol. 80, nr 6, s. 1722-1738Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    To determine whether adolescents interpret parental behavioral and psychological control differently, type, level, and domain of control were manipulated across 3 interpretations (adolescents’ competence, mattering to parents, and parental intrusiveness). As expected, adolescents (N = 67, M = 14.25 years) generally interpreted high levels of behavioral control more negatively than moderate behavioral control. At high levels, however, adolescents did not differentiate behavioral control and psychological control, interpreting both as indicating less mattering and more intrusiveness. Furthermore, high levels of control over personal domain issues, regardless of type, tended to be interpreted most negatively. In conclusion, adolescents construe control in ways that may have import for their adjustment and this should be accounted for in theoretical models of parental control.

  • 6.
    Kerr, Margaret
    et al.
    Cornell University.
    Lambert, William W.
    Cornell University.
    Stattin, Håkan
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Klackenberg-Larsson, Ingrid
    Stability of inhibition in a Swedish longitudinal sample1994Ingår i: Child Development, ISSN 0009-3920, E-ISSN 1467-8624, Vol. 65, nr 1, s. 138-146Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Examined whether inhibition should be considered a trait dimension, or whether those who manifest extreme inhibition constitute a discrete personality type. Also examined was whether there are sex differences in stability of inhibition. These questions were addressed using mothers' ratings over 16 yrs and psychologists' ratings over 6 yrs of a longitudinal sample. Ss were 212 children (122 boys and 90 girls). From the mean of mothers' 18- and 24-mo ratings and the mean of psychologists' 18- and 24-mo ratings, later ratings through 16 yrs were predicted. Analyses were performed for children constituting the extreme 10-15% from each end of the distribution and then for children not rated as extreme. Ratings were more stable for children in the extreme groups than for those in the nonextreme groups through 6 yrs; however, only for the inhibited girls did early inhibition predict inhibition into adolescence.

  • 7.
    Stattin, Håkan
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för beteende-, social- och rättsvetenskap.
    Kerr, Margaret
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för beteende-, social- och rättsvetenskap.
    Parental monitoring: a reinterpretation2000Ingår i: Child Development, ISSN 0009-3920, E-ISSN 1467-8624, Vol. 71, nr 4, s. 1072-1085Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Monitoring (tracking and surveillance) of children's behavior is considered an essential parenting skill. Numerous studies show that well-monitored youths are less involved in delinquency and other normbreaking behaviors, and scholars conclude that parents should track their children more carefully. This study questions that conclusion. The authors point out that monitoring measures typically assess parents' knowledge but not its source, and parents could get knowledge from their children's free disclosure of information as well as their own active surveillance efforts. In this study, 703 14-yr-olds and their parents completed questionnaires. Three potential sources of information--child disclosure (CD), parental solicitation, and parental control--were examined to determine which of these explains the largest portion of the variance in monitoring. Results show parental knowledge came mainly from CD, and CD was the source of knowledge that was most closely linked to broad and narrow measures of delinquency (normbreaking and police contact). These results held for both children's and parents' reports, for both sexes, and were independent of whether the children were exhibiting problem behavior.

  • 8.
    Vitaro, Frank
    et al.
    University of Montreal.
    Tremblay, Richard E.
    University of Montreal.
    Kerr, Margaret
    University of Montreal.
    Pagani, Linda
    University of Montreal.
    Bukowski, W. M.
    Disruptiveness, friends' characteristics, and delinquency in early adolescence: a test of two competing models of development1997Ingår i: Child Development, ISSN 0009-3920, E-ISSN 1467-8624, Vol. 68, nr 4, s. 676-689Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Tested 2 competing models of friends' influence on the development of delinquency in disruptive boys. In so doing, the authors examined whether highly disruptive, moderately disruptive, moderately conforming, and highly conforming boys' delinquency increased or decreased depending on their friends' characteristics. A sample of 868 boys was classified into the 4 groups according to teacher ratings at ages 11 and 12 yrs. Each group was then subdivided by mutual friends' peer-rated aggressiveness-disturbance at the same ages. These subdivisions are as follows: aggressive-disturbing friends, average friends, nonaggressive-nondisturbing friends, and no friends. Subgroups were next compared on self-reported delinquency at age 13 yrs while controlling for average self-reported delinquency and socioeconomic variables at ages 11 and 12 yrs. Results indicate that moderately disruptive boys with aggressive-disturbing friends were more delinquent at age 13 yrs than other subgroups of moderately disruptive boys. Highly disruptive and conforming boys, however, were unaffected by their friends' characteristics. It is concluded that the results partially support each theoretical model, suggesting that both individual characteristics and deviant peer association might play causal roles.

  • 9.
    Wölfer, Ralf
    et al.
    University of Oxford, Oxford, England.
    Schmid, Katharina
    University of Oxford, Oxford, England.
    Hewstone, Miles
    University of Oxford, Oxford, England.
    van Zalk, Maarten
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete. Utrecht University, Utrecht, Netherlands.
    Developmental Dynamics of Intergroup Contact and Intergroup Attitudes: Long-Term Effects in Adolescence and Early Adulthood2016Ingår i: Child Development, ISSN 0009-3920, E-ISSN 1467-8624, Vol. 87, nr 5, s. 1466-1478Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Intergroup contact represents a powerful way to improve intergroup attitudes and to overcome prejudice and discrimination. However, long-term effects of intergroup contact that consider social network dynamics have rarely been studied at a young age. Study 1 validated an optimized social network approach to investigate intergroup contact (N=6,457; M-age=14.91years). Study 2 explored the developmental trajectories of intergroup contact by applying this validated network approach in a cross-sequential design (four-cohort-four-wave; N=3,815; 13-26years). Accelerated growth curve models showed that contact predicts the development of attitudes in adolescence, whereas acquired attitudes buffer against decreasing contact in adulthood. Findings highlight the potential of social network analysis and the developmental importance of early intergroup contact experiences.

1 - 9 av 9
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