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  • 101.
    Alsterqvist, William
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Business, Economics, Statistics and Informatics.
    Skrba, Marie
    Örebro University, Department of Business, Economics, Statistics and Informatics.
    Kreditbedömning: -en studie om hur banker kontrollerar informationen från fastighetsbolagen2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The new accounting standards IFRS and IAS was implemented in January 2005, the purpose was to harmonize accounting standards world wide. As a result of these new rules the real estate companies are allowed to appraise real estates assets at market value. It has long been debated whether this appraisal fulfils the requirements for relevance, reliability and comparability.

    The paper attends to how banks control the information given by the real estate companies in the process of credit granting. As an introduction we describe the purpose of accounting and the problematic´s about appraisals with market values. Further on there is a discussion on which factors are taken into consideration when banks grant credits.

    The study is built on interviews at three different commercial banks. At each bank one bank advisor was interviewed, the respondent were given specific questions and at the same time were free to speak openly about the subject.

    In conclusion all banks focus on the real estates companies ability to repay the bank credits with revenues from the investment. With the focus on reimbursement banks will minimize the risk of credit losses and thereby decrease the risk of history repeating itself with new bank crisis. Besides the ability to repay credits banks also consider the fact’s, who is leading the company and how this owner has conduct prior businesses. In comparison whit theory and empirics all banks, in there credit granting process, fulfil the requirements for relevance, reliability and comparability. In summary the banks do not consider real estates valued at market prices as a problem in there assessments.

  • 102.
    Altas, John
    et al.
    Örebro University, Swedish Business School at Örebro University.
    Boyaci, Gabriella
    Örebro University, Swedish Business School at Örebro University.
    Eftekhari, Awat
    Örebro University, Swedish Business School at Örebro University.
    Incitament och motivation: En studie av Vendator AB2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 103.
    Altas, John
    et al.
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Can, Marcus
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Cash Management: En fallstudie på företag X2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Title: Cash Management - A Case Study of Company XLevel: Independent work, advanced level - Business with financial focusAuthor: John Altas and Marcus CaanSupervisor: Håkan PerssonDate: 2013- JanuaryPurpose: The purpose of this paper is to identify the company's cash management situationand identify potential improvement opportunities to improve parts of the company's cashmanagement system. The purpose of the study is also to develop current theory.Methods: We conducted a qualitative case study in which four respondents were interviewed,three from the case company and one from the company's bank SEB. The data that wascollected from the case company has been compared with both the theory and the Bank'srecommendations to find conclusions and answers to the research questionsResults: The result of the study shows that the Company has a working cash managementsystem, but that there´s room for improvement. These opportunities for improvement aredescribed in the analysis. The results also show that factors such as the competitive situationhave an impact on a company's Cash Management system. The wish of the customer willoften be stimulated at the expense of optimizing parts of the Cash Management System.Key words: Cash Management, financial management, kredit, controller, likviditetsstyrning,likviditetshantering and valutarisk

  • 104.
    Altun, Sanna
    et al.
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Helin, Hanna
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Varför hållbarhetsredovisar inte företag? - En undersökning bland byggbolag som intehållbarhetsredovisar2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 105.
    Altunkaynak, Teodora
    et al.
    Örebro University, Swedish Business School at Örebro University.
    Baransson, Baris
    Örebro University, Swedish Business School at Örebro University.
    Holm, David
    Örebro University, Swedish Business School at Örebro University.
    Hållbarhetsredovisning: En jämförelse mellan statliga och privata företag i olika branscher2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 106.
    Altunkaynak, Teodora
    et al.
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Hanouch, Patricia
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    IFRIC 15: och dess påverkan på byggföretagens intäktsredovisning2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The number of studies on IFRIC 15 is very limited. The available studies have either been conducted before the introduction of IFRIC 15 or at an early stage of the implementation. This study examines IFRIC 15s practice from a longer perspective. The purpose of this study is to explain the effect that the interpretation IFRIC 15 has had on accounting objectives and qualitative characteristics of the revenue recognition of Swedish construction companies. The study will also analyze whether the construction companies has changed their perception of IFRIC 15 after applying it form a longer time perspective. Data were collected through interviews with the companies JM, NCC, PEAB and Skanska, as well as from the annual report of the companies.

     

    The result shows that all construction companies in this study have been obliged to apply IAS 18. The change in accounting standards has led to a change in accounting method from the percentage of completion to completion method of revenue recognition of certain types of projects. The change of accounting method in the application of IFRIC 15 has an effect on the qualitative characteristics and accounting objectives, as the companies largely apply the realization concept and the prudence concept. The application of IFRIC 15 has also had different effects on the qualitative characteristics of the companies' revenue recognition.The consequence of this is that three of the studied companies believe that the financial statements don’t give a true and fair view of the financial performance and position of the company, which has led to an establishment of a segment reporting. While one of the companies believes that IFRIC 15 reflects the business well. Study results also indicate that companies are still critical of IFRIC 15.

  • 107.
    Alvarsson, Maria
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Business, Economics, Statistics and Informatics.
    Qvarnström, Susanne
    Örebro University, Department of Business, Economics, Statistics and Informatics.
    Kommunal redovisning: Tre kommuners redovisning av den tidigare upparbetade pensionsskulden2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 108.
    Amin, Shirin
    et al.
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Berg, Per
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Legitimitetstaktiker i svenska företags hållbarhetsredovisningar2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 109.
    Amin, Shirin
    et al.
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Berg, Per
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Soyal, Ozan
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Symbolisk legitimitet En jämförande studie kring oljeföretagens hållbarhetsredovisningar2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 110.
    Ammirato, Salvatore
    et al.
    Department of Mechanical, Energy and Management Engineering, University of Calabria, Rende, Italy.
    Felicetti, Alberto Michele
    Department of Mechanical, Energy and Management Engineering, University of Calabria, Rende, Italy.
    Della Gala, Marco
    Department of Mechanical, Energy and Management Engineering, University of Calabria, Rende, Italy.
    Aramo-Immonen, Heli
    Industrial Management and Engineering, Pori Unit, Tampere University of Technology, Pori, Finland.
    Jussila, Jari
    Information Management and Logistics, Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    Knowledge Management and Emerging Collaborative Networks in Tourism Business Ecosystems2015In: Proceedings of the 16th European Conference on Knowledge Management (ECKM 2015) / [ed] Massaro, M.; Garlatti, A., Academic Conferences Limited, 2015, p. 19-26Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    If we critically look at the evolution of the Tourism Industry (TI), we can note that, in the past decade, nothing has changed as much as ICTs and the Internet which caused an extensive transformation of the TI. Both demand and supply of ICT, together with innovation in transportation and international trade agreements, have evolved the tourism sector in operational workflows, management and marketing of new of tourism experiences. The massive use of new technologies has facilitated the rise of new flat organizational models where traditional brokers have disappeared, replaced by direct connections between local providers and tourists, or they have been reconfigured into new forms of dynamic and web-based tourism package providers. The depicted industry evolution shows potential, unthinkable just a few years ago, for local service providers usually marginalized from main tourism flows, due to their small sizes, and who are unable to compete in the globalized market. In many regions characterized by a niche tourism vocation, local tourism operators have started organizing themselves spontaneously in Collaborative Networks in order to create aggregate tourism offers that are able to compete with big tourism operators thus transforming regions with potential and vocation in real tourism destinations. The main socialeffect of instantiating these tourism partnerships, is the stimulus towards Tourism Business Ecosystems (TBEs) giving local tourism service providers a means for economic growth. The aim of this paper is to describe how the organizational paradigm of CNs, applied to the TBEs knowledge management and supported by ICTs, can be the key means for the growth of emerging TBEs. Such models are able to reengineer the tourism destination management model in order to gain much more flexibility in service provision and provide tourists the possibility to live an augmented tourism experience. In this paper we point out that tourism destinations, in an effort to give services able to actively support each phase of the 2.0 tourist lifecycle, can benefit from collaborative network models.

  • 111.
    Ammirato, Salvatore
    et al.
    Department of Mechanical, Energy and Management Engineering, University of Calabria, Rende, CS, Italy.
    Felicetti, Alberto Michele
    Department of Mechanical, Energy and Management Engineering, University of Calabria, Rende, CS, Italy.
    Della Gala, Marco
    Countryside & Community Research Institute, University of Gloucestershire, Oxtalls Campus, Cloucester, UK.
    Aramo-Immonen, Heli
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Jussila, Jari J.
    Faculty of Information Technology, University of Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä, Finland.
    Kärkkäinen, Hannu
    Industrial and Information Management Tampere University of Technology, Tampere.
    The use of social media for knowledge acquisition and dissemination in B2B companies: an empirical study of Finnish technology industries2018In: Knowledge Management Research & Practice, ISSN 1477-8238, E-ISSN 1477-8246Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Scholars and practitioners of knowledge management have paid increasing attention to the adoption of social media in business-to-business (B2B) setting for knowledge sharing; however, both the theoretical and empirical research in this domain are quite fragmented. The aim of this research is to deepen the understanding about the B2B companies’ awareness of the potentials of social media in improving their absorptive capacity and, consequently, if and how such companies deploy knowledge strategies based on social media adoption. We carried out an empirical survey of Finnish technology companies operating purely in B2B markets. Results highlight that social media adoption is still in a preliminary stage of development. Companies show a lack of awareness of the potentials of social media as a means for external knowledge acquisition and internal dissemination. Results suggest a strong need of a structured approach to the adoption of social media to overcome cultural and organisational barriers.

  • 112.
    Amno, Caroline
    et al.
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Barsoum Sleyman, Simon
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Ledarskap i ett bemanningsföretag2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 113.
    Amnå, Erik
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Czarniawska, Barbara
    Göteborgs universitet, Göteborg, Sverige.
    Marcusson, Lena
    Uppsala universitet, Uppsala, Sverige.
    Dra lärdomar av muthärvan i Göteborg2013In: Dagens samhälle, ISSN 1652-6511, no 13 juniArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Korruptionsfrihet kan inte tas för givet. Inte ens i ett tämligen korruptionsfritt land som Sverige. Därför finns det anledning för många kommuner att studera och dra lärdomar av muthärvan i Göteborg, skriver granskningskommissionens ledamöter som presenterar en kritisk rapport där de genomlyst korruptionshärvan.

  • 114.
    Amnå, Erik
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Czarniawska, Barbara
    Göteborgs universitet, Göteborg, Sverige.
    Marcusson, Lena
    Uppsala universitet, Uppsala, Sverige.
    Tillitens gränser: granskningskommissionens slutbetänkande2013Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Under tiden februari 2012 – juni 2013 har granskningskommissionen intervjuat ett fyrtiotal ledare inom politik, förvaltningar och bolag, gjort en enkätundersökning bland 40 000 medarbetare och förtroendevalda, analyserat dokument och medier, tagit del av rätts- och samhällsvetenskaplig forskning samt besökt andra kommuner.

    Våra analyser tyder på att Göteborgs Stads förvaltningar och bolag uppvisade drag som alls inte direkt men väl indirekt bidrog till att man kom att underskatta riskerna för oegentligheter. Det handlade närmare bestämt om en kombination av ett antal samverkande organisatoriska, rättsliga och politiska svagheter där medierna regisserade avslöjandena inför en oförberedd, häpen och lamslagen politisk och administrativ ledning. Det fanns, och finns, en institutionaliserad, historiskt omhuldad göteborgsanda – och en bild av denna anda – där gränsöverskridande samarbete, pragmatisk handlingskraft och synbara resultat står i centrum. Den kom att dominera. Värden som professionell självständighet, formalia, insyn och opartiskhet hamnade delvis i skymundan. Även ett kraftfullt politiskt ledarskap vred uppmärksamheten åt annat håll. Koncentrationen av makt skapade en ängslig anpasslighet som höll tillbaka professionell mångfald, civilkurage och öppenhet, ibland även politisk opposition.

    Decentraliseringen ut till fackförvaltningar och 130 bolag skedde inom ramen för en relativt svag intern styrning, uppföljning och kontroll, viss slutenhet i rekryteringen av tjänstemän, politiker på dubbla stolar med oklara mandat, brister i synen på bisysslor samt en otydlig juristfunktion. Man försökte leva efter de anti-byråkratiska idéerna i New Public Management men tog den inbäddning av förtroende och tillit som endast kan skapas av institutioner som bygger på rättssäkerhet, regelstyrning och oberoende sakkunskap för given. Kritik, förslag och rekommendationer från stadsrevisionen fick ringa politiskt genomslag.

    Vad vi mött är en stad som i vissa delar anammade marknadens föreställningssätt, spelade ned rättsstatens betydelse, undergrävde professionella yrkesgruppers betydelse och försvårade medborgerligt inflytande och dito kontroll.

    I den enkät vi genomförde i februari och mars 2013 svarade nästan varannan medarbetare och förtroendevald att det som framkommit bara är toppen på ett isberg – enligt dem var ”muthärvan” inget journalistiskt påhitt. Man tror att de som anmäler och larmar verkligen vill att saker och ring ska gå rätt till, även om det också finns okunskap och en rädsla för mobbing och utfrysning som verkar i motsatt riktning. Alla förvaltningar och bolag har medarbetare som säger att de åtminstone en gång själva erbjudits muta. Totalt rör det sig om åtta procent i stadens bolag och sju procent i förvaltningarna, men variationerna mellan förvaltningar och bolag är stora. Korruptionsförebyggande arbete kan alltså inte isoleras till någon bestämd organisatorisk form eller typ av verksamhet utan måste ske brett.

    Mot denna bakgrund och med stöd i flera av medarbetarnas egna förslag lämnar vi tio rekommendationer för att minska risken för korruption, tillvarata andras erfarenheter och återskapa förtroendet för det demokratiska systemet:

    • (1) Skapa tydliga men få gemensamma styrdokument
    • (2) Ledningen ska visa vad en god och opartisk förvaltning innebär
    • (3) Förtydliga politikernas och tjänstemännens roller
    • (4) Rekrytera chefer och andra tjänstemän utifrån meriter
    • (5) Skapa utbildningar och arbetsförutsättningar för professionalitet
    • (6) Skapa rutiner för anmälan av bisysslor
    • (7) Utpeka en tydlig mottagare av interna anmälningar
    • (8) Professionalisera den kommunala revisionen
    • (9) Utveckla former för en dialog med medborgarna
    • (10) Inrätta Göteborgs Stads gästprofessur för forskning om den demokratiska rättsstaten.
  • 115.
    Amoor Pour, Sorush
    et al.
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Ödquist, Alexander
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Meningsskapande i internrekryteringsprocesser - Hur chefer och rekryterare går tillväga för att skapa mening2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 116.
    Anadol, Margarita
    Örebro University, Swedish Business School at Örebro University.
    Corporate Social Responsibility i Restaurangbranschen2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 117.
    Anadol, Margarita
    et al.
    Örebro University, Swedish Business School at Örebro University.
    Cheng, Sofia
    Örebro University, Swedish Business School at Örebro University.
    Styrning i praktiken: en fallstudie av intraprenaden Gumaeliusskolan2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 118.
    Andark, Max
    et al.
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Brånn, Niclas
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    ISO 9001 Kvalitetscertifieringens påverkan på effektivitet i svenska aktiebolag 2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 119.
    Andark, Max
    et al.
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Brånn, Niclas
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Fransson, Simon
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Konflikters positiva effekter2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 120.
    Anderbrant, Anton
    et al.
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Martinsson, Magnus
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Walan, Rasmus
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Marknadsföringsstrategi och kundlojalitetens indikatorer: En uppsats om kundlojaliteten inom nätkasinoindustrin och marknadsföringsstrategier2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 121.
    Andersell, Martin
    et al.
    Örebro University, Swedish Business School at Örebro University.
    Ericsson, Pontus
    Örebro University, Swedish Business School at Örebro University.
    Johnsson, Fredric
    Örebro University, Swedish Business School at Örebro University.
    Immateriella tillgångar vid kreditgivningsbeslut: Assessment of intangible assets in credit decision2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Society is moving towards a more service oriented and knowledge intensive production which has led the intangible resources to a major factor in companies’ economies. Some of the resources meet the criteria for an asset and is included in corporate balance sheets. When companies are in need of capital banks look to corporate balance sheets to make a credit assessment. Then they have to assess intangible assets.

     

     - How does creditors assescompanies intangible assets?

     - What significance does this assessment have on credit decisions?

     

    The purpose of this study is to describe how creditors assess intangible assets and the significance of this assessment for credit decisions.

     

    A qualitative study has been conducted in which data was collected through interviews with respondents from three different banks.

     

    Two of the studied banks assess no monetary value on intangible assets, but these affect the overall assessment of a company. The significance of this is that companies with a high proportion of intangible assets have harder to be granted credit and punished with higher costs. The last bank puts a monetary value on intangibles, but devaluates them with a flat rate deduction. The consequence is that firms with high proportion of intangible assets have better chances of being granted credit. For larger credits, the bank doesn't finance an equal amount of the investment.

  • 122.
    Andersen, Jon Aarum
    Växjö University, Växjö, Sweden.
    Are power motivated leaders more effective?: A review of McClelland’s theory1999Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 123.
    Andersen, Jon Aarum
    Faculty of Social Sciences, Lillehammer University College, Lillehammer, Norway.
    Assessing Public Managers' Change-Oriented Behavior: Are Private Managers Caught in the Doldrums?2010In: International Journal of Public Administration, ISSN 0190-0692, E-ISSN 1532-4265, Vol. 33, no 6, p. 335-345Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents a concept and a measurement of managers' change-oriented behavior related to the initiation and implementation organizational change. It is argued that managers have an optimal potential for achieving organizational changes if they have the change-centered leadership style, are intuitive, recognize demands for change, and have power-motivated behavior. Public and private managers are significantly different in relation to change-oriented behavior based on data from 343 managers in two public organizations and one private. One result was unexpected: public managers are more change-oriented than managers in business organizations. As expected, there is no significant difference in change-oriented behavior among managers in public agencies. Possible explanations for these outcomes are presented.

  • 124.
    Andersen, Jon Aarum
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Barking up the wrong tree: on the fallacies of the transformational leadership theory2015In: Leadership & Organization Development Journal, ISSN 0143-7739, E-ISSN 1472-5347, Vol. 36, no 6, p. 765-777Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to illustrate that the magnitude of interest in and of enthusiasm for transformational leadership is out of proportion with its weaknesses.

    Findings: The theory has some grave problems: there are conceptual limitations; managerial leadership is conflated with political leadership; the theory is presented as a universal as well as a contingency theory; the claim that transformational leaders are more effective is not empirically supported; and the use of the term “followers” rather than “subordinates” creates confusion in the study of formal organizations. Finally, and perhaps most fundamentally, does transformational leadership theory qualify as a managerial leadership theory?

    Research limitations/implications: Transformational leadership is a political leadership theory and thus less relevant for managerial leadership.

    Originality/value: This paper addresses the theoretical limitations of the transformational leadership theory as well as the lack of empirical support regarding the effectiveness of transformational leaders.

  • 125.
    Andersen, Jon Aarum
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    How organisation theory supports corporate governance scholarship2015In: Corporate Governance : The International Journal of Effective Board Performance, ISSN 1472-0701, E-ISSN 1758-6054, Vol. 15, no 4, p. 530-545Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – This paper aims to show how organisation theory can be used to understand the controversy between the shareholder and the stakeholder perspectives. Rationalistic and open system theories may enhance research on corporate governance by offering well-defined concepts and by specifying core relationships.

    Design/methodology/approach – This paper applies descriptions of the two perspectives in organisation theory as a “method” for illustrating how they are linked to and support the shareholder versus the stakeholder perspectives.

    Findings – The controversy stems from the fact that the shareholder and the stakeholder perspectives address different relationships. The shareholder perspective captures two relationships that accord with rationalistic organisation theory: shareholders are managing the managers and the organisation, and managers are managing the corporation on behalf of the owners. The stakeholder perspective focuses on three relationships that are not concordant with system theory: managers are managing the shareholders (i.e. the symbolic management of stockholders), managers are managing the corporation (i.e. general management theory) and managers are managing the stakeholders.

    Research limitations/implications – Organisation theory provides suggestions for more fruitful definitions of the often-used concepts of direction, control, administration and influence. These terms may be substituted with the well-defined concepts of management, power and control.

    Practical implications – Proponents of organisation theory find it theoretically difficult to deal with the topic of corporate governance, if they do at all. When they do, they do it only perfunctorily.

    Originality/value – Organisation theory may strengthen research on corporate governance if we insist on both theoretical clarifications of major relationships and on the use of more strictly defined concepts.

  • 126.
    Andersen, Jon Aarum
    Växjö University, Växjö, Sweden.
    Intuition in managers: Are intuitive managers more effective?2000In: Journal of Managerial Psychology, ISSN 0268-3946, E-ISSN 1758-7778, Vol. 15, no 1, p. 46-63Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Do managers have the creative and innovative ability needed for their organisations to survive in an increasingly competitive environment? A study of 200 managers from eight companies gives an answer to this question. If intuition is an indication of creativity and innovation, we find that almost 25 per cent of all managers were primarily intuitive when solving problems and making decisions. The concept of intuition and other decision functions is based on Jung’s typology. Is intuition in managers an important asset to their organisations? An investigation of problem‐solving and decision‐making styles of 33 managers related to organisational effectiveness throws some light on this question. What is called the “creative‐innovative” decision‐making style was found in 23 per cent of the managers. This article suggests that intuition as decision‐making style appears to be related to organisational effectiveness. Several managers are intuitive. Whether the intuitive managers are more effective than others remains to be seen.

  • 127.
    Andersen, Jon Aarum
    Växjö University, Växjö, Sweden.
    Leadership, personality and effectiveness2006In: The Journal of Socio-Economics, ISSN 1053-5357, E-ISSN 1879-1239, Vol. 35, no 6, p. 1078-1091Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This survey article is about leadership and personality, as it appears to be a renewed interest in thistopic. Even when traditional research is re-examined and new research performed the most basic conclusionremains the same. Studies of how personality traits relate to leadership give inconsistent answers. Traditionaland contemporary research shows that personality cannot explain leadership. Traits of leaders cannot explainorganizational effectiveness. Leadership appears to have a minor impact on organizational effectiveness. Thepersonality approach is less relevant to management. Management and leadership in formal organizationsare not about possessing special traits. It is about acting.

  • 128.
    Andersen, Jon Aarum
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Leadership research and the oldest crime2017In: Dynamic relationships management journal, ISSN 2232-5867, E-ISSN 2350-367X, Vol. 6, no 1, p. 3-14Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In management and leadership scholarships, organisations are often regarded as entities established as vehicles for the owners so that the owners can achieve their goals. Arguably, the purpose of managerial leadership research is to provide managers with knowledge which benefits organisations. The purpose of this article is to assess whether current managerial leadership research is relevant and helpful to managers or not. Five studies (March & Sutton, 1997; Collins, 2001; Richard et al., 2009; Hiller et al., 2011; Andersen, 2013), which contain data from a total of 2,479 articles, have revealed that the relationship between formal leadership (management) and organisational effectiveness is seldom studied. When effectiveness is addressed it is rarely defined and almost never measured. It is, indeed, no surprise that six studies (Burack, 1979; Calas & Smircich, 1988; Astley & Zamuto, 1992; House & Aditya, 1997; Ghoshal, 2005; Brownlie et al., 2008) have shown that managers regard leadership research both irrelevant and useless.

  • 129.
    Andersen, Jon Aarum
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business. Institutionen för organisation och entreprenörskap (OE), Linnéuniversitetet, Växjö, Sweden.
    Leadership research: Where irrelevance prevails2013In: Dynamic relationships management journal, ISSN 2232-5867, E-ISSN 2350-367X, Vol. 2, no 2, p. 3-14Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Is contemporary managerial leadership research relevant and helpful to managers? Arguably, managers’ main task and prime concern is to contribute to the attainment of organisational goals, i.e., to enhance organizational effectiveness. On the basis of this premise of relevance, a survey of 105 research articles published in two international journals year 2011 reveals that researchers did not address this question. In these articles the term ‘effectiveness’ occurred about one time for every 1000 words. In the 105 articles effectiveness was seldom defined and never measured. If managers‘ prime concern is to contribute to organizational effectiveness, then there is no surprise that several scholars have found that managers regard leadership research irrelevant and useless.

  • 130.
    Andersen, Jon Aarum
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Leadership scholarship: all bridges have been burned2016In: Leadership and the humanities, ISSN 2050-8727, E-ISSN 2050-8735, Vol. 4, no 2, p. 108-125Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to enhance the understanding of the present state of leadership scholarship by describing similarities between leadership theories and underlining significant differences between them. Based on four criteria, two broad groups of leadership theories are identifiable. These two groups are fundamentally different with respect to the conceptions of both organisations and leadership. While one group of theories concentrates on descriptions and understandings of leadership processes, the other group emphasises causal relationships between leadership and organisational outcomes. A critical result of the divergent emphases is that the theoretical relationships between these two groups of scholarship appear to have ended. Advancements in one area may no longer be beneficial to other areas. This article stresses that it is necessary to come to grips with the consequences of the present fissured state in leadership research.

  • 131.
    Andersen, Jon Aarum
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Ledelse og effektivitet: Teori og prøving1994Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 132.
    Andersen, Jon Aarum
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    On “followers” and the inability to define2019In: Leadership & Organization Development Journal, ISSN 0143-7739, E-ISSN 1472-5347Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 133.
    Andersen, Jon Aarum
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Owners vs. executives and decisions vs. control2019In: Corporate Governance: The international journal of business in society, ISSN 1472-0701Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 134.
    Andersen, Jon Aarum
    Faculty of Social Sciences, Lillehammer University College, Lillehammer, Norway.
    Public versus Private Managers: How Public and Private Managers Differ in Leadership Behavior2010In: PAR. Public Administration Review, ISSN 0033-3352, E-ISSN 1540-6210, Vol. 70, no 1, p. 131-141Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article aims to find out whether there are behavioral differences between public and private sector managers. Two groups of public managers (managers of social insurance agencies and public school principals) and a group of private managers (two samples) are investigated. Behavioral dimensions are investigated including leadership style (task, relationship, and change orientation), decision‐making style (the functions of sensing, intuition, thinking, and feeling), and motivation profile (achievement, affiliation, and power motivation). An analysis of data from 459 managers in four organizations in Sweden reveal significant differences in behavior between public and private managers. However, no significant differences in leadership behavior are discovered among public managers. Possible explanations for such differences and similarities are explored.

  • 135.
    Andersen, Jon Aarum
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Servant leadership and transformational leadership: from comparisons to farewells2018In: Leadership & Organization Development Journal, ISSN 0143-7739, E-ISSN 1472-5347, Vol. 39, no 6, p. 762-774Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to question the usefulness of comparisons between theories on servant leadership and transformational leadership.

    Design/methodology/approach: A review of scholarly works on these two theories is presented from the original works of Greenleaf, Burns and Bass to the current research.

    Findings: Based on the four categories of construct clarity, two competing alternatives are identifiable in the scholarship of both servant and transformational leadership. There are thus 16 versions of each theory.

    Research limitations/implications: The literature review contains no new empirical data. The many versions available today of each theory do not make comparisons meaningful. The prevalence of several versions of theories on servant leadership and transformational leadership implies that they are no longer specific and useful theories.

    Originality/value: Critical comments are presented on the usefulness of comparisons between servant leadership and transformational leadership. Thus, the value of these theories is also questioned.

  • 136.
    Andersen, Jon Aarum
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    The concept of managerial discretion in corporate governance - better off without it?2017In: Corporate Governance : The International Journal of Effective Board Performance, ISSN 1472-0701, E-ISSN 1758-6054, Vol. 17, no 3, p. 574-587Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: This paper aims to assess the concept of managerial discretion with respect to itstheoretical and empirical usefulness for corporate governance research.

    Design/methodology/approach: This paper scrutinises applied theoretical claims, definitions andmethods, as well as a number of empirical studies on managerial discretion.

    Findings: To date, no empirical definition of the concept has been presented and no measurementhas been developed and tested for reliability and validity that contains all three factors of the managerialdiscretion concept, as proposed by Hambrick and Finkelstein (1987).

    Practical implications: Research on managerial discretion does not provide owners and directors ofboards with any advice on granting top managers a high or low degree of discretion.

    Originality/value: This paper concludes that corporate governance scholarship will improve if itabandons the concept of managerial discretion.

  • 137.
    Andersen, Jon Aarum
    School of Management and Economics, Växjö University, Sweden.
    Trust in managers: a study of why Swedish subordinates trust their managers2005In: Business Ethics. A European Review, ISSN 0962-8770, E-ISSN 1467-8608, Vol. 14, no 4, p. 392-404Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 138.
    Andersen, Jon Aarum
    Växjö University, Växjö, Sweden.
    Vicars vs. Managers: Do Vicars Differ From Managers In Terms of Leadership Behaviour?2004In: Journal of Management, Spirituality and Religion, ISSN 1476-6086, E-ISSN 1942-258X, Vol. 1, no 2, p. 201-223Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to find out whether there are behavioural differences between two groups of formal leaders—managers and vicars. The behaviour dimensions investigated are leadership style (task, relationship, and change orientation), decision-making style (the functions of sensing, intuition, thinking, and feeling), and motivation profile (achievement, affiliation, and power motivation). It is hypothesised that vicars and managers show considerable differences in leadership behaviour. An investigation based on data from managers and vicars in Sweden reveals significant differences in behaviour between these groups. Six out of seven tests yield significant differences in leadership behaviour. Possible explanations for the differences are explored. The leadership variables applied appear to be equally relevant for describing the behaviour of managers and vicars.

  • 139.
    Andersen, Jon Aarum
    et al.
    School of Management and Economics, Växjö University, Växjö, Sweden.
    Jonsson, Patrik
    Division of Logistics and Transportation, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Does organization structure matter?: On the relationship between the structure, functioning and effectiveness2006In: International Journal of Innovation and Technology Management (IJITM), ISSN 0219-8770, Vol. 3, no 3, p. 237-263Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Managers often see new organizational design as the solution to many problems. This paper explores the relationship between organization structure (design), functioning of organizations, and effectiveness. A study of 320 companies showed that the structural variable, decentralization, marginally affected the way in which organizations function. Functional variables had a minor impact on profitability. No direct relationship between structure and effectiveness was found. When functioning is conceptualized as a mediating factor no direct causality between structure and effectiveness is implied, but a relationship between structure, function and effectiveness. To improve effectiveness, reorganizing is probably not the first option to consider.

  • 140.
    Andersen, Jon Aarum
    et al.
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business. Lillehammer University College, Lillehammer, Norway.
    Kovac, Jure
    University of Maribor, Maribor, Slovenia.
    Why European subordinates trust their managers2012In: Organizacija, ISSN 1318-5454, E-ISSN 1581-1832, Vol. 45, no 6, p. 300-309Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article addresses the problem of why subordinates trust their managers based on the responses from 108 subordinatesof seven Slovenian managers and from 138 subordinates of eight Swedish managers. The subordinates of these managersresponded to a 20-item instrument tested for reliability and validity. In both samples the managers enjoyed different degreesof trust. The level of trust vested in Slovenian managers was higher than in Swedish ones. The kinds of managers’ actions thatenhanced trust were similar amongst Swedish and Slovenian subordinates. Different socio-cultural contexts may theoreticallyexplain why some other kinds of actions had contrasting effects between the samples. On the whole, the actions of managersexplain trust in both countries. Subordinates’ trust in managers declines with the increasing hierarchical distance in bothnational samples. Managers need to show in action that they trust their subordinates, promote their interests, demonstrateappreciation of their subordinates, and solve problems.

  • 141.
    Anderson, Helén
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Växjö, Sweden.
    Dahlin, Peter
    Havila, Virpi
    Holtström, Johan
    Öberg, Christina
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Corporate restructuring and customers and suppliers2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 142.
    Anderson, Helén
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Växjö, Sweden.
    Dahlin, Peter
    Mälardalen University, Västerås, Sweden.
    Havila, Virpi
    Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Holtström, Johan
    Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Öberg, Christina
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Including customers and suppliers in the understanding of mergers and acquisitions2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 143.
    Anderson, Helén
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Växjö, Sweden.
    Dahlin, Peter
    Mälardalen University, Västerås, Sweden.
    Havila, Virpi
    Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Holtström, Johan
    Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Öberg, Christina
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    The Stake of Customers and Suppliers in Mergers and Acquisitions2016In: SMS 36th Annual Conference, 2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    For a firm, customers and suppliers are important stakeholders in their business activities, including such strategic activities as mergers and acquisitions. But how has this been depicted in previous research? In this paper we review articles on mergers and acquisitions to find out in what way customers and suppliers are recognized in the research on mergers and acquisitions. The paper is a review of 1,632 articles. The analysis proposes six categories: customers and suppliers in vertical integration; customers as an aggregated market; customers and suppliers as resources; customers (and suppliers) being affected by changed market conditions; the merger or acquisition following from or leading to power imbalances in relationships to customers/suppliers; and customers and suppliers as actors or reactors.

  • 144.
    Anderson, Helén
    et al.
    Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Holtström, Johan
    Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Öberg, Christina
    Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Are Mergers or Acquisitions expected to affect customer and supplier relationships?: An Analysis of Decisions Taken by a Competition Authority2003Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Studies concerning corporate mergers and acquisitions are mainly focused on the merging companies. Recently though, there has been an increased interest concerning connected companies, e.g. those firms having customer, supplier or other business relationships with participants in a merger or acquisition. In many countries, there is a legal prerequisite to report intended business concentration to the national competition authority for investigation. This paper investigates decisions made by a competition authority and in addition looks at studies where connected companies are mentioned by the authorities in such decisions. In very few of the investigated decisions, 2.4%, is a third party identified. Our conclusion is that customers and suppliers, if at all effected, are seen as reactive rather than active partners in a concentration. And, the concept supplier or customer relationship is not used.

  • 145.
    Anderson, Helén
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Holtström, Johan
    Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Öberg, Christina
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Connectedness in complementary acquisitions: Effects on customers and suppliers2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 146.
    Anderson, Helén
    et al.
    Jönköping International Business School , Jönköping , Sweden.
    Holtström, Johan
    Department of Management and Engineering , Linköping University, Linköping , Sweden.
    Öberg, Christina
    Department of Industrial Management and Logistics , Lund University, Lund , Sweden.
    Do competition authorities consider business relationships?2012In: Journal of Business-to-Business Marketing, ISSN 1051-712X, E-ISSN 1547-0628, Vol. 19, no 1, p. 67-92Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Companies engage in business relationships for a variety of reasons, including specialization, product development, and building competitive networks. Research has demonstrated that mergers and acquisitions (M&As) may challenge ongoing business relationships. The purpose of this article is to investigate whether and how competition authorities consider business relationships when evaluating M&As.

    Methodology: The article uses the documentation from 450 M&As reported to the Swedish competition authority to capture the way in which an authority evaluates M&As. The Swedish competition authority evaluation corresponds to other national and international evaluation procedures.

    Findings: The findings indicate that the competition authorities neglect an important aspect of business life, namely companies forming business relationships. The competition authorities evaluate M&As on the basis of risk for price increases, and consequently disregard such issues as heterogeneity in demand and offerings, and values built into existing business relationships.

    Originality/Value/Contribution: The article contributes to research on business relationships through exploring how a public authority deals with such relationships. It also contributes to research on mergers and acquisitions through examining how these activities are evaluated by competition authorities. Furthermore, the article contributes to competition research by reflecting on competition law concerning M&A regulations in relation to business relationships.

  • 147.
    Andersson, Agnes
    et al.
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Sletten, Amanda
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Det Hälsofrämjande Ledarskapet: Att leda med hälsa som drivkraft - En kvalitativ studie2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 148.
    Andersson, Alexander
    et al.
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Nygren, Nils
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Konflikter och dess hantering En studie om konflikttyper och hanteringen av dessa inom svenska tjänsteorganisationer ur chefers perspektiv2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 149.
    Andersson, Alexander
    et al.
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Nygren, Nils
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Påverkar kundnöjdhet och lojalitet lönsamhet?: En studie inom den svenska bankbranschen2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 150.
    Andersson, Anna
    et al.
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Westlund, Christina
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Cash is king: En studie om konsumentbarriärerna som bevarar den rådande kontantanvändningen2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
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