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  • 101.
    Brikell, Berndt H.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Negotiating the international waste trade: a discourse analysis2000Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates the historic development of the management of the international hazardous waste (HW) trade problem, between 1972 and 2000. The method used in the study is discourse analysis, and it is undertaken through the usage of two different perspectives. The first deals with the research question: 'What kind of discourse is produced?' The second relates to Foucault's question: 'What kind of an actor is produced?' A third question is added: 'What kind of global environmental discourse is created?'

    These questions are considered during eleven international negotiations. In the first part of the study the discursive development is scrutinised and in the second the actors interaction with the HW-trade discourse is in focus. The empirical material comes from literature, documents, interviews and direct observations.

    The result of the early development in this area was a discourse that created the OECD-system for HW-trade. This system was expanded to a global level with the Basel Conference in 1989. The resulting convention was based on regulation of the HW-trade. This order of things was challenged and was later 'changed' by an amendment to the convention. This amendment demanded a total ban on the HW-exports from developed to developing states. In the end of the studied period it has been argued that the HW-trade ought to be a part of the World Trade Organization (WTO) dominated free trade discourse.

    The result of the study's second part show that no state is powerful enough to enforce its will upon the others in this issue area. In 1989, when the Basel Convention was negotiated, it was made possible because various actors operated in a coherent manner and that the most important actors supported the draft convention that the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) had been promoting during two years of prenegotiations. Changes of substance are made possible through this type of discourse coalition. The ban amendment was enforced by a similar but less powerful discourse coalition. The 'real' changes are rare though.

  • 102.
    Bro, Anders
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Från hälsovård till miljöskydd: en historisk institutionell analys av kommunal ansvarsutveckling2000Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Modern central-local relations are in general characterised by decentralisation in nearly all policy fields, with growing demands for local adjustment and direct democracy. At the same time, the political parties are criticised of trying to implement environmental politics in the municipalities, which are strongly characterised by national goals and strategies. The aim of this study is to describe and analyse changes in the responsibility distribution between the state and the municipalities in a historical perspective with a focus on two environmentally oriented policy areas - health protection and environmental protection , and seek to understand and explain why these changes occur.

    The fundamental explanatory approach of the thesis is historical institutionalism, a combined actor-structure approach which presumes that institutions and ideas are expected to institutionalise certain central-local relations over time. The study is based upon the assumption that changes in municipal responsibility are presumed to happen slowly, but at certain formative moments, actors carry through fundamental changes. The study shows that health protection, from the end of the 19th century, has had a tradition of local responsibility. When environmental politics appeared on the political agenda during the 1960ies the political debate resulted in a centralised organisation, which however changed and the municipalities were gradually given a more active and important role. It is shown that general state and municipal ideas, as well as policy specific ideas and the already established responsibility distribution between the state and the municipalities have institutionalised the municipal responsibility development in certain ways. The formative moments do not crystallise automatically, but depend on what approach we adopt, and what we characterise as fundamental and incrementalistic changes.

  • 103.
    Bruckner, Anna
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    The United Nation’s New Urban Agenda: - The long Journey to Commitment on Global Urban Policy2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    With the adoption of a New Urban Agenda at the United Nations Habitat IIIconference in 2016, it is the first time a comprehensive global policy commitment on cities is introduced in Global Governance. Together with Sustainable Development Goal 11, we witness a pro-urban shift in global discourse. Urbanization’s celerity has instead appertained to one of the distinctive development phenomena for a long time. In the light of its pace, it comes as a surprise that committing on global urban policy took that long. This thesis aims at examining the long path to the New Urban Agenda. It will investigate its forerunners, the conferences Habitat I and Habitat II and will unfold undergone shifts in Global Governance and development discourses. It will finally assess the means of the pro-urban discourse on cities in the New Urban Agenda while problematizing the limits of its normative core.

  • 104.
    Brundin, Pia
    Örebro universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Politics on the net: NGO practices and experiences2008Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates how different kinds of non-governmental organisations (NGOs), operating in different national political contexts, perceive and use the Internet as a political space. The political space concept, as defined here, encompasses two dimensions of Internet use: one external, where organisations use the Internet for online activism and campaigning, and one internal, signifying organisational use of the Internet to promote engagement and interactivity with members and/or supporters. Another question raised is whether Internet use for political purposes by NGOs varies between different national political contexts. Moreover, do the organisations believe that the Internet has affected their political influence to any extent? The empirical data consist of the results of two surveys, one directed primarily to American NGOs, the other explicitly comparative, analysing NGOs in Sweden and the USA. Furthermore, content analyses of NGO websites have been conducted and additive indexes constructed. The findings of the study suggest that, overall, the Internet is most important to the studied organisations as a space for external political initiatives. There were, however, important differences in this regard, which could be related to the organisations’ national political contexts. For example, the American NGOs have oriented their websites primarily towards relatively superficial forms of member involvement, while the Swedish NGOs provided more interactive grassroots features on their websites. Regarding political influence, the Internet arguably has the potential to make the most dramatic difference by reinforcing the organisations’ offline political activities. The present results indicate that, despite the possible converging effect of the Internet on NGO political activism, national political culture exerts an inescapable influence on how the Internet is used as a political space by the studied organisations.

  • 105.
    Byfeldt, Andreas
    Örebro universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Deliberativ demokrati i praktiken: Begränsning eller utveckling av den representativa demokratin2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Bachelor essay in political science by Andreas Byfeldt, autumn 2007

    ”The practice of deliberative democracy

    - limitations or enhancements of representative democracy?”

    Supervisor: Erik Amnå

    The purpose of this study is to find out what impact the practice of deliberative democracy might have on a representative democracy. What effects deliberative democracy could have in this context are scientifically as well as publically relevant seeing that participation in representative democracies as well as the forms of representation is altering.

    The essay contains both a theoretical segment and a case study. The information regarding the case is based on the results from a questioner, conversations by and observations from the author. In addition an analysis is performed in the case study.

    The conclusion of the essay is that there is too little empirical research on the subject of deliberative democracy to make a qualified conclusion about what effects the practice of deliberative democracy could have on a representative democracy. We can though, from the facts that are available, suppose that deliberative democracy can function as a complement to representative democracy by securing a representative interface of the population.

  • 106.
    Carlsson, Rickard
    Örebro universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Stadsliv i Örebro: En kvalitativ studie av medborgarnas delaktighet i kommunal planering2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 107.
    Cederby, Niklas
    Örebro universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Lokaldemokratiska utmaningar i ett offentlig privat partnerskap: En studie av Horten kommun2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Aim and fundamental inquiry: The purpose of this paper is to describe the democratic challenges facing MicroTech Innovation and the Center of Expertise vis-à-vis local democratic values. The fundamental inquiry of this study is: To what extent is the local democracy of Horten challenged when the municipality of Horten engages in a joint venture by entering a partnership with private enterprise through the investments of MicroTech Innovation and the Center of Expertise?

    Method: The theory, created with Swedish and Norwegian literature, has been applied on the partnership in the municipality of Horten. I have interviewed four persons who either are or have been active in MicroTech Innovation and the Center of Expertise.

    Conclusions: Private enterprise and the local government had a common wish to develop the new industry and established an institutional partnership, MicroTech Innovation, which later on became Center of Expertise. Mayor Hontvedt is of the opinion that the partnership has made it possible for local citizens to participate and gain insight to industrial and trade development, and that the municipality’s engagement has been important to prevent the institution from becoming privately owned. Eric Andersen on the other hand, is of the opinion that the citizens choose not to participate and engage them selves in the partnership, as they do not see long-term investment as desirable. The study’s respondents consider it easier for their fellow citizens to hold the elected politicians responsible, and this is accomplished most effectively through local municipality elections.

  • 108.
    Cedergren, Carl
    Örebro universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    På kristen grund. Men ändå inte: Sekulariseringens påverkan på Kristdemokraternas partiprogram2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 109.
    Chatty, Meriam
    Örebro universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Det europeiska medborgarskapet: som  en skänk från ovan2006Inngår i: Om demokratins villkor: volym 1 / [ed] Mats Ekström et al., Örebro: Örebro universitet , 2006, 1, s. 141-177Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 110.
    Dahl, Izabela A.
    Humboldt-Universitat zu Berlin, Berlin, Germany .
    Ett ojämnt förhållande?: Aspekter av tysk-nordiska relationer sett från ett tyskt perspektiv2013Inngår i: Norden återupptäcker Tyskland: Nya perspektiv på gamla relationer / [ed] Anna Florén & Emelie Höglund, Bookwell: Skyline Forlag , 2013, s. 48-61Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 111.
    Dahl, Izabela A.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Reforming the Polish Diplomatic Service, 19572018Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 112.
    Dahl, Viktor
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Reducing Adolescents’ Approval of Political Violence: The Social Influence of Universalistic and Immigrant-Friendly Peers2017Inngår i: Zeitschrift fur Psychologie mit Zeitschrift fur angewandte Psychologie, ISSN 2190-8370, E-ISSN 2151-2604, Vol. 225, nr 4, s. 302-312Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the role of peers in adolescents’ development of universalistic values and positive sentiments toward immigrants, and the extent to which a network of more universalistic or immigrant-friendly peers can reduce approval of violent political means among adolescents. Using longitudinal data on 997 adolescents, the study employed a social network approach to examine these aspects. Results showed no peer influence and peer selection effects for how adolescents develop universalistic values but that peers transfer positive immigrant sentiments to other adolescents over time and also that adolescents tend to select peers with similar sentiments toward immigrants. In addition, whereas peers’ positive sentiments toward immigrants were found not to reduce adolescents’ approval of violent political means over time, such a reducing effect was found for universalistic values. However, further studies are needed to better understand the role of peers with regard to mechanisms underlying adolescents’ development of political orientations.

  • 113.
    Dahl, Viktor
    Örebro universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Röstsplittring: en kommunal personlighetsfaktor eller ett mått på partisystemets välmående?2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 114.
    Dahl, Viktor
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Abdelzadeh, Ali
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Self-Selection or Socialization?: The Longitudinal Relation Between Civic Engagement and Political Orientations Among Adolescents2017Inngår i: Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly, ISSN 0899-7640, E-ISSN 1552-7395, Vol. 46, nr 6, s. 1250-1269Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Social capital theory states that civic engagement generates positive outcomes, such as social trust and political interest. Likewise, studies show that those involved in civic engagement generally report higher levels of social trust and political interest. It is still unclear, however, whether these differences are the result of socialization or selection. We used between-effects and fixed-effects regressions to examine the development of political orientations in a three-wave longitudinal sample of 1,050 adolescents. From our results, volunteering seemed to have no socialization effect whatsoever on political interest and potentially a weak enhancing effect on social trust. Associational membership did not predict social trust over time, but it seemed to socialize members into increased political interest over time. The results are discussed in light of the social capital debate about how civic engagemend in associational life and volunteering do - or do not - function as schools of democracy.

  • 115.
    Dahl, Viktor
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Abdelzadeh, Ali
    School of Law, Psychology and Social Work, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
    Sohl, Sofia
    School of Law, Psychology and Social Work, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
    The moderating role of political interest: Investigating involvement in institutional and non-institutional political participation among young adults in Sweden2016Inngår i: Politics, Culture and Socialization, ISSN 1866-3427, E-ISSN 2196-1417, Vol. 7, nr 1-2, s. 157-181Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Many efforts have been made to explain variations in political participation. One such effort was made by Gamson, who hypothesized that different combinations of political efficacy and trust will generate different kinds and intensity of involvement in political activity. This study tests this hypothesis on a broad variety of political activities, while at the same time including the potentially moderating effect of people’s political interest. Using data from a longitudinal study in Sweden (2009-2015), this study shows that different combinations of efficacy-trust do indeed generate distinct patterns of participation for young adults. By adding political interest to the model, the effect of certain efficacy-trust combinations on political participation is present foremost among politically interested citizens. Hence, the hypothesis requires to be complemented by political interest to more accurately understand under which circumstances people engage in various political activities.

  • 116. Danielson, Anna
    et al.
    Zetterberg, Pär
    Amnå, Erik
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Bidrag till vad?: En kunskapsöversikt över effekter och metoder rörande statliga bidrag till ideella organisationer2009Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

     

     

  • 117.
    De Majo, Veronica
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap. Department of Political Science, Dalarna University, Falun, Sweden.
    Olsson, Jan
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap. Department of Political Science.
    Institutional foundations of disaster risk reduction policy: Exploring and elaborating on two different cases: Argentina and Sweden2019Inngår i: Disaster Prevention and Management, ISSN 0965-3562, E-ISSN 1758-6100, Vol. 28, nr 2, s. 245-257Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to explore and elaborate on how institutional conditions work to the advantage and disadvantage of disaster risk reduction (DRR) policies on different levels in two countries.

    Design/methodology/approach: A qualitative case study design is used to study empirically two countries with very different traditions when it comes to political-administrative institutions: Argentina and Sweden.

    Findings: As expected, the institutional foundations of DRR policy in Sweden are shown to be more consistent and stable than in Argentina. However, this difference is of less importance when considering the crucial role of local practices. National institutional foundations can function as support–but is not a necessary condition–for building disaster preparedness on the ground. The authors argue that national governments cannot do without institutionalized praxis-based preparedness, which is vital for both effective emergency management and learning.

    Originality/value: This paper contributes to the disaster research debate by elaborating on institutional arrangements that can facilitate or hinder DRR strategies in a multi-level context. The main argument is that institutional practices on the ground are important to compensate for insufficient national institutions, either because they are weak or too distant from practical DRR. The authors also elaborate on how institutional practices can function as a source for learning and for building legitimate practical authority from the bottom up.

  • 118. Dellenbrant, Jan-Åke
    et al.
    Berglund, Sten
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    The Baltic republics: years of integration, 1940-19801986Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 119.
    Demaku, Besart
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Abou Ramia, Ronald
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Vem Föreslår?: En studie om medborgarförslag i Kumla kommun2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 120.
    Duvold, Kjetil
    Örebro universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Making sense of Baltic democracy: public support and political representation in nationalising states2006Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    A chief topic of this book is the advance of democracy in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania. The three countries belong to the most ‘successful’ cases of transition from communist rule to democracy, demonstrated by the fact that they joined the European Union in 2004. In contrast to other new EU members, the Baltic countries were constituents of the Soviet Union and, thus, had to embark upon state- and nation-building in tandem with democratisation and marketisation. Estonia and Latvia (but to a smaller extent Lithuania) were left with considerable numbers of immigrants from the Soviet period, which prompted the authorities to impose fairly restrictive citizenship laws. One in five Estonian and Latvian remain excluded even after 15 years of independence. This situation has created a great deal of tension, but at least thus far, no political meltdown. The case for imposing strict citizenship requirements centred on the fact that the countries were forced into the Soviet Union, but it was clearly also related to nation-building and fear of Russian influence in determining the path from communist rule. Arguably, democratisation and nation-building are based on different, sometimes even conflicting, logics. Thus, a key question in this book is to what extent – and how – diverging understanding of the political community affects democratic legitimacy.

    Another central task is to determine the strength of the ties between Baltic citizens and the respective political systems – in terms of support for the regimes and the degree of representation of societal interests through political parties. Applying the New Baltic Barometer 1993-2004, the book explores levels of political support among native Baltic citizens and the Russian-speaking minority groups. It reveals that democracy as an ideal enjoys increasing support, but that many Baltic citizens remain unconvinced about the performance of democracy. Corruption and the rule of law are particularly thorny issues in Latvia and Lithuania, while political parties and MPs are widely held in contempt in all three countries. The Russian-speakers appear somewhat more reluctant to embrace the current system, expressing greater enthusiasm for the Soviet system of the past.

    Yet another section explores the nature of political representation and the expression of demands and interests from below, offering a comprehensive examination of the Baltic party systems, including types of parties, issue dimensions, public attitudes to distributional questions, and to what extent parties channel or mirror social interests. An underlying theme is the extent to which the party systems are based on some degree of cleavage structures, or if questions of identity and nationality eclipse social interests or, alternatively, if Baltic politics at heart is driven by strong personalities rather than interest politics.

    Finally, the book presents the case for a specific pattern of ‘Baltic democracy’, marked by divided political communities, ambiguous mass-elite relations, and weak political representation. Conceivably, many Baltic citizens would prefer reduced political competition and stronger, more assertive leaders. Moreover, the strong emphasis on nation-building turns the Baltic countries into a potential playground for identity politics. For the time being, at least, this makes the ideological space open-ended and malleable, leaving fertile ground for fleeting populism.

  • 121. Duvold, Kjetil
    et al.
    Sedelius, Thomas
    Örebro universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Alternatives to democracy: The resilience of elitist and authoritarian preferences in central and eastern Europe2004Inngår i: Central Europe beyond double enlargement / [ed] Algimantas Jankauskas, Ramūnas Vilpišauskas, Vilnius: Vilnius University , 2004Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 122.
    Edlund, Henrik
    Örebro universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Idrottsrörelsen som demokratifostrare: en studie av idrottsrörelsen i Örebro kommun2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 123.
    Edvardsson, Bo
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Enkät stjäl tid från skolarbete2010Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    En forskargrupp vid Örebro universitet har i ett brev till föräldrar aviserat att de avtalat med skolledning att genomföra en undersökning omfattande 2000 elever och med upprepade enkäter (antal tillfällen förtigs). Om det rör sig om t ex 5 tillfällen á en timma blir bortfallet av personutbildningstimmar 10 000 timmar. Även de som väljer att inte delta drabbas av undervisningsbortfall med åtföljande konsekvenser för ämnesstudier och betyg. Många gymnasieungdomar går på knäna idag. Forskargruppen skriver förljuget eller totalt etiskt insiktslöst: "Vår ledstjärna är att ingen forskning får förekomma om det innebär risk för att en enskild deltagare kommer till skada." Under många år har mina barn utsatts för oetiska manipulationer att delta i enkäter och många lärare har varit irriterade på förlusterna av undervisningstid. Med vilken rätt förskingrar skolledningarn och forskarna den med skattemedel betalda lektionstiden? Forskningsetik??? Självklart inte.

  • 124.
    Ehnevid, Sébastien
    Örebro universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Arenafallet i Lindesberg: Nätverksstyrning inom svensk kommunalpolitik?2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 125.
    Ekman, Joakim
    Örebro universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    EU som en global aktör?: Medborgarna och frågan om en gemensam europeisk utrikes- och säkerhetspolitik2006Inngår i: Om demokratins villkor: volym 1 / [ed] Mats Ekström et al., Örebro: Örebro universitet , 2006, 1, s. 63-91Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 126.
    Ekman, Joakim
    Örebro universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    European Union and the making of a wider Northern Europe [av Pami Aalto]2007Inngår i: Nordisk Østforum, ISSN 0801-7220, Vol. 21, nr 1, s. 96-98Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 127.
    Ekman, Joakim
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    National identity in divided and unified Germany: continuity and change2001Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation deals with the construction, maintenance and change of national identities in divided and unified Germany. Following World War II, Germany was divided in two parts. For a period of more than 40 years, two German states developed in separation from each other, and because of the horrors of the recent past, both states badly needed to develop new national self-images. Using a four-fold model of ‘national identity’, this study starts out by outlining these different processes of identity formation and nation-building. In the German Democratic Republic (GDR), the communist regime desperately tried to foster a distinct socialist GDR identity among the East Germans. In the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG), the successful economic and political development led to the emergence of a new, post-war national identity.

    The Berlin Wall was opened on November 9, 1989, and Germany was formally reunified not even a year later, on October 3, 1990. The past decade has shown, however, that Germany has had difficulties in becoming ‘informally’ unified. Drawing on large scale public opinion surveys, this dissertation examines if differences between East Germans and West Germans today are primarily ascribable to the different historical experiences, or rather an outcome of the uneasy unification process.

    The findings of this study indicate that the East German nation-building project essentially was a failure, since it did not create support for the GDR as a political system. At the same time, the unique experience of living in the GDR shaped a certain ‘East German identity’ and political culture, different from the kind of German identity and political culture that emerged in the FRG. But the findings of this study also suggest that an East German identity in unified Germany should not be reduced to a lingering ‘legacy of the past’. It is, at the same time, an outcome of the unification process itself. A new East German self-awareness has developed as a result of the hardships and challenges posed by the uneasy transformation from a state socialist political system to a liberal democratic system. Consequently, when it comes to the German national identity issue, ‘inner unification’ remains to be seen.

  • 128.
    Ekman, Joakim
    Örebro universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    The times they are a-changing: the internationalisation of Swedish political science2007Inngår i: European political science, ISSN 1680-4333, Vol. 6, nr 3, s. 268-275Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines the current state of political science in Sweden, by looking at the contents of recent years' doctoral dissertations. To what extent do young Swedish political scientists seek to make their research available to an international audience? The findings indicate that Swedish political scientists are becoming increasingly more oriented towards the international research community. The use of the English language in doctoral dissertations has increased. Also, Swedish political scientists have taken increasingly more interest in international affairs, instead of writing exclusively about Swedish politics.

  • 129.
    Ekman, Joakim
    Örebro universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Turkskräck eller bristen på demokrati?: EU-medborgarna och Turkiet2007Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Sedan 1999 är Turkiet ett officiellt EU-kandidatland. Men hur ser de vanliga européerna på frågan om ett framtida Turkiskt medlemskap i unionen? Uppfattas Turkiet som en självklar del av Europa? I denna artikel undersöks det motstånd eller den misstänksamhet som finns bland EU-medborgarna mot ett turkiskt medlemskap: betraktas Turkiet som ett alltför fattigt land, eller är det snarare bristen på demokrati och respekt för de mänskliga rättigheterna som är problemet?

  • 130.
    Ekman, Joakim
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Linde, Jonas
    Örebro universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Sedelius, Thomas
    Örebro universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Hybridregimer: förändrade förutsättningar för demokrati och demokratibistånd2007Inngår i: Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, ISSN 0039-0747, Vol. 109, nr 2, s. 133-137Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 131.
    Ekström, Mats
    Örebro universitet, Humanistiska institutionen.
    Iscensatta samtal: om relationer mellan politik och journalistik2008Inngår i: Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, ISSN 0039-0747, Vol. 110, nr 4, s. 407-424Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Staged talk: On relations between politics and journalism. This article focuses on political talkin the media. Taking the point of departure in discourse and conversation analysis the aim is to study relations and methods on a micro level in two forms of staged talk; the interaction in live interviews and the practices of quoting in edited news reports. The study of live interviews is based on programs broadcasted during the Swedish election campaigns 2002 and 2006. The study shows how relations of power are negotiated in interaction. Methods used by the politicians to deal with delicate situations created by the questions asked are analysed. The analysis of edited news reports shows how techniques of quoting have been part of a process moving the stage of the political debate more and more into the media. Quoting is a flexible resource frequently used by journalists in the dramatization of news stories and the recontextualization of others voices. 

  • 132.
    Ekström, Mats
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Humanistiska institutionen.
    Carleheden, MikaelÖrebro universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga institutionen.Gidlund, GullanÖrebro universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga institutionen.Gustavsson, BerntÖrebro universitet, Pedagogiska institutionen.Horgby, BjörnÖrebro universitet, Humanistiska institutionen.Ljungvall, LisaÖrebro universitet, Pedagogiska institutionen.Roman, ChristineÖrebro universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga institutionen.von Wright, MoiraÖrebro universitet, Pedagogiska institutionen.
    Om demokratins villkor: volym 12006Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 133.
    Ekström, Mats
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Humanistiska institutionen.
    Carleheden, MikaelÖrebro universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga institutionen.Gidlund, GullanÖrebro universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga institutionen.Gustavsson, BerntÖrebro universitet, Pedagogiska institutionen.Horgby, BjörnÖrebro universitet, Humanistiska institutionen.Ljungvall, LisaÖrebro universitet, Pedagogiska institutionen.Roman, ChrsitineÖrebro universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga institutionen.von Wright, MoiraÖrebro universitet, Pedagogiska institutionen.
    Om demokratins villkor: volym 22006Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 134.
    Elander, Ingemar
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för humaniora, utbildning och samhällsvetenskap.
    Analysing central-local government relations in different systems: a conceptual framework and some empirical illustrations1991Inngår i: Scandinavian Political Studies, ISSN 0080-6757, E-ISSN 1467-9477, Vol. 14, nr 1, s. 31-58Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Restructuring of central and local government relations has occurred in a number of countries during the 1980s, and has been a striking phenomenon even in such different countries as Poland, Sweden and the US. In the first part of the article a resource framework is presented, designed to make basic comparisons of these relations between different countries. Five sets of resources are identified: constitutional-legal, regulatory, financial, political and professional resources. It is argued that local-government disposal of such resources provides a potential for local discretion. The applicability of the framework is illustrated by reference to a study of Poland, Sweden and the US, focusing on the restructuring of central and local government relations in these countries during the 1980s. The conclusion is that decentralization has occurred in all three cases, especially in terms of regulatory and other non-financial resources. However, in Sweden and the US this trend has been counterbalanced by centralization of financial control. In Poland the post-communist revolution has paved the way for a restoration of the pre-war local self-government system. Democratic elections at the local level are seen as crucial to break down the old, centralized party-state system, and to reintroduce a dual local government system. In all three cases economic pressure, related to the individual countries' positions in the world capitalist system, seems to have been the main driving force beind the decentralization processes. However, the forms, magnitude and effects of decentralization must be seen in relation to the specific political economies and histories of the three countries. Thus, to understand the causes, mechanisms and effects of central–local government restructuring in depth one has to relate the resource approach to a broader theoretical framework.

  • 135.
    Elander, Ingemar
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Partenariats et gouvernance urbaine2002Inngår i: Revue internationale des sciences sociales, ISSN 0304-3037, E-ISSN 2222-4610, nr 172, s. 215-230Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [fr]

    Il est courant de légitimer la gouvernance urbaine, en général, et les partenariats, en particulier, en faisant valoir leur efficacité au regard des formes traditionnelles de gestion publique, tout en glissant, voire en faisant l’impasse, sur leur lien avec la démocratie. La plupart des ouvrages invoquent en effet l’efficacité pour appuyer l’approche partenariale, alors que la capacité qu’on lui prête de créer une synergie entre les partenaires arrive normalement en tête de liste. Définir si un partenaire est efficace ou non relève, bien sûr, de l’empirisme mais il est vrai que la rhétorique de l’efficacité est assez puissante pour justifier, de toutes façons, la création de partenariats. On leur assigne plus ou moins la fonction de résoudre n’importe quel problème de gouvernance. Partant du débat théorique sur les partenariats et leur rôle dans la gouvernance urbaine et se fondant sur des exemples provenant d’études empiriques récentes, le présent article a pour principal objet d’élaborer une stratégie destinée à conduire des recherches internationales comparatives sur les partenariats et la gouvernance urbaine. Il s’achève par l’évocation d’incidences politiques découlant du rôle croissant des partenariats dans la gouvernance urbaine, et la mise en lumière de leur lien avec la démocratie, lequel était jusqu’ici négligé.

  • 136.
    Elander, Ingemar
    Örebro universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Partnerships and urban governance2002Inngår i: International Social Science Journal, ISSN 0020-8701, E-ISSN 1468-2451, Vol. 54, nr 172, s. 191-204Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Urban governance in general and partnerships in particular are commonly legitimised as being more efficient than traditional forms of government, whereas their relationship to democracy is only mentioned in passing or even neglected. In most of the literature a number of efficiency–related arguments in favour of the partnership approach are presented, although its alleged capacity to create synergetic effects for the partners normally ranks number one. Of course it is an empirical question, whether a partnership is efficient or not, but the point is that the efficiency rhetoric is strong enough to legitimise the creation of partnerships anyhow. Partnerships are more or less ascribed the function to solve any governance problem. Taking its point of departure in a theoretical discussion of partnerships and their role in urban governance, and using illustrations taken from recent empirical studies, the main aim of the paper is to develop a research strategy for cross–national/cross–country research on partnerships and urban governance. The paper concludes by discussing some policy implications of the growing role of partnerships in urban governance, high–lighting their so–far neglected relationship to democracy.

  • 137.
    Elander, Ingemar
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för humaniora, utbildning och samhällsvetenskap.
    Policy networks and housing regeneration in England and Sweden1995Inngår i: Urban Studies, ISSN 0042-0980, E-ISSN 1360-063X, Vol. 32, nr 6, s. 913-934Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    During recent decades, rented housing estates all over Europe have become the object of a flood of programmes aimed at physical and social renewal and regeneration. Drawing upon network theory, in this paper a conceptual framework is presented and tentatively applied in a comparative study of rented housing regeneration and area improvement in England and Sweden. Although the contours of broadly similar policy communities in the two countries could be found, there were also striking differences in network formation. Thus, in England the Department of the Environment seems to play a more prominent role in policy-making and implementation than its Swedish counterpart, while in Sweden the municipal housing companies, the local authorities and the tenants' organisations take part more actively in the policy process than is the case in England. Closely related to these findings it is argued that there are also some lessons for practical use that could be learnt from the analysis, although one then has to be careful not to overlook the context-bound specificities, at the national as well as the local level.

  • 138.
    Elander, Ingemar
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    På väg mot en sammanhållen nationell stadspolitik-: önskedröm eller möjlighet?2013Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    SAMMANFATTNING

    Behöver Sverige en samlad nationell stadspolitik? Det är den övergripande fråga som är

    föremål för granskning och reflektion i denna artikel. Bakgrunden är det önskemål om och de

    argument för en sådan politik som framförts av Arkitekturmuseet, Boverket, Formas och

    Riksantikvarieämbetet i en gemensam rapport. I artikeln sätts frågan in i ett bredare stadsoch

    urbanpolitiskt sammanhang med förankring i aktuell samhällsvetenskaplig forskning.

    Centrala frågeställningar är bland annat: Vilka problem har ansetts påkalla en nationell

    stadspolitik och varför? Vilka redan etablerade politikområden berörs? Vilka är de politiska

    förutsättningarna? Kan en nationell politik för stadsutveckling organiseras som stärker de

    regionala och lokala nivåerna och i så fall hur?

    Efter en kort presentation av fenomenet stadspolitik som begrepp och vision riktas blickarna

    mot tre förhållanden som påverkar förutsättningarna för en samlad nationell stadspolitik:

    först statens förändrade roll från sammanhållen välfärdsstat till bantad och

    samarbetssökande stat, sedan politikens fragmentering och slutligen den starka

    samförståndsanda som präglar det offentliga samtalet om hållbarhet, inte minst om hållbar

    stadsutveckling. Som empirisk referenspunkt görs därefter korta, analytiskt styrda

    beskrivningar av fem potentiella spår för en eventuell samlad nationell stadspolitik:

    klimatpolitik, områdesorienterad projektpolitik för social inkludering, regional tillväxt- och

    utvecklingspolitik, kulturpolitik och arkitekturpolitik.

    I en avslutande del konstateras att det i svenska kommuner och regioner visserligen bedrivs

    olika former av stads/regionpolitik, ofta med ekonomisk tillväxt som främsta ambition.

    Däremot finns ingen samlad eller samordnad nationell stads- eller regionpolitik. I den mån

    man kan tala om en nationell stadspolitik så är den fortsatt partiell, ofta implicit och i stora

    drag fragmenterad på olika sektorer. En annan slutsats är att stadspolitik måste diskuteras

    och skapas i nära samband med de parallella processer som nu pågår i syfte att skapa nya

    regionala strukturer för offentlig flernivåpolitik. Utan en av staten orkestrerad, eller

    åtminstone legitimerad, regionpolitik är det svårt att tänka sig en motsvarande stadspolitik

    med beaktande av de delvis olika intressen som följer av orters läge, näringsgeografiska

    struktur och storlek.

    Resan mot en samlad, och hållbar, nationell stadspolitik får inte väja för att konfrontera och

    självkritiskt granska det samförståndstänkande som i hög grad präglar synen på hållbarhet.

    Begreppet är i grunden värdeladdat och därför behöver intressemotsättningar och konflikter

    identifieras och konfronteras, vilket i sin tur betyder att fullständigtt samförstånd inte alltid

    kan nås. Det är ur ett demokratiskt perspektiv angeläget att politiska partier och andra

    former av organiserade samhällsintressen förtydligar sina förhållningssätt till såväl

    regionpolitik som hållbar (stads)utveckling och lyfter fram och driver sina argument,

    ståndpunkter och slutsatser på ett sätt som gör det möjligt för medborgarna att ta ställning

    till olika alternativ.

    För att ge möjlighet till ett fortsatt och fördjupat lärande av pågående stadsbyggnadsprojekt

    är det angeläget att den forumverksamhet som Delegationen för hållbara städer inledde får

    en långsiktig fortsättning. En arena som samlar representanter för offentlig politik och

    förvaltning, näringsliv, civilsamhälle och forskning kan, som delegationen själv föreslagit, bli

    en plattform där man byter erfarenheter, diskuterar och föreslår nya stadspolitiska initiativ.

    Utan att ta ställning till detaljer i förslaget är det lätt att instämma i detta huvudbudskap.

  • 139.
    Elander, Ingemar
    Örebro universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Towards a green welfare economy?: The Green Party in Sweden since the 1998 parliamentary election2000Inngår i: Environmental Politics, ISSN 0964-4016, E-ISSN 1743-8934, Vol. 9, nr 3, s. 137-144Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 140.
    Elander, Ingemar
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Gustavsson, Eva
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Nyanser av grönt i den urbana hållbarhetskören: några aktuella exempel2015Inngår i: Biodiverse, ISSN 1401-5064, nr 2, s. 5-7Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 141.
    Elander, Ingemar
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Gustavsson, Eva
    Örebro universitet.
    Urban Governance, Networking Cities and Climate Change: The Swedish Context2007Inngår i: SURF 2007, 2007Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 142.
    Elander, Ingemar
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Lundgren Alm, Elisabet
    Regionförbundet Västra Götaland.
    Malbert, Björn
    Chalmers.
    Sandström, Ulf G
    SLU.
    Biodiversity in urban governance and planning: Examples from Swedish cities2005Inngår i: Planning Theory & Practice, ISSN 1464-9357, Vol. 6, nr 3, s. 283-301Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    One of the key agreements adopted at the Rio Conference in 1992 was the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). Both in practice and research biodiversity has been mainly addressed in a non-urban context, often discussed in relation to issues such as the depletion of rainforests and desertification. However, as more than half of the world population are urban dwellers, it is increasingly urgent to discuss the application of the concept of biodiversity within an urban context. Issues approached in this article are: What does it mean to talk about biodiversity in an urban context? Is biodiversity a meaningful goal for urban politics and planning? Is there empirical evidence of implementing biodiversity in urban politics and planning. After an introduction, the article is organized into four sections. In the second section the concept of biological diversity is defined with special reference to its application in an urban context. Biodiversity and its relationship to urban governance is the topic of the third section, followed by a section analysing examples of how this relationship is practised in selected Swedish cities. The final section highlights five major conclusions with regard to the application of biodiversity in an urban context: (1) that all cities studied have adopted overall 'green' policies, including biodiversity as one component; (2) that local coalitions in favour of implementing biodiversity have been established between employees at different offices, between employees and politicians, and between employees and NGOs; (3) that there are in all cases tangible signs of spatial patterns and structures that are favourable to biodiversity; (4) that urban biodiversity, for its successful implementation, needs to be related, and accommodated to other values given priority in current policymaking, such as recreation; (5) that mainstream biodiversity analysis should be complemented by an urban landscape approach. Finally, the article returns to the more general question of what biodiversity could and should mean in urban planning.

  • 143.
    Elander, Ingemar
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för humaniora, utbildning och samhällsvetenskap.
    Uggla, Ylva
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för humaniora, utbildning och samhällsvetenskap.
    Inledning2009Inngår i: Global uppvärmning och lokal politik / [ed] Ylva Uggla, Ingemar Elander, Stockholm: Santérus Förlag, 2009, 1, s. 7-14Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 144.
    Elander, Ingemar
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för humaniora, utbildning och samhällsvetenskap.
    von Schéele, Annika
    Chalmers.
    Evaluating housing renewal policy in Sweden: an interest-oriented approach1989Inngår i: Journal of Urban Affairs, ISSN 0735-2166, E-ISSN 1467-9906, Vol. 11, nr 4, s. 397-410Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    During the 1980s a number of urban renewal programs have been initiated in Sweden. In this article an interest-oriented approach for sytematic evaluation of housing renewal is proposed. Taking a contextual analysis as a logical point of departure, two further levels of evaluation are identified. The second one is theoretically crucial, i.e., the identification of interests and actors. On the third level, is the task of mapping the implementation structure. Here the focus is on the ways the different interests and actors conflict and harmonize as regards the formulation and weighing of needs and goals, the mobilization of resources, and the execution, reflection, and feedback of policy. It is argued that these three levels together form a conceptual framework favoring comparative analysis of different cases and facilitating communication between theorists and practitioners. The methodological approach is illustrated by reference to current housing renewal programs in Sweden.

  • 145.
    Enelo Jansson, Jan-Magnus
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Jezierska, Katarzyna
    Gustavsson, Bernt
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Introduction2010Inngår i: Altering Politics: Democraxy from the Legal, Educational and Social Perspectives / [ed] Enelo Jansson, Jezierska & Gustavsson, Örebro: Örebro University , 2010, s. 9-14Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 146.
    Engström, Lina
    Örebro universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Två partier - en åsikt?: Socialism och feminism i Vänsterpartiet och Feministiskt initiativ.2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 147.
    Enocsson, Henrik
    Örebro universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Till vilken nytta?: En fallstudie av medborgarforum i Uppsala kommun2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This report is a case study of “citizen forums” in the municipality of Uppsala. These forums are arranged to make people participate more in local politics. The aim of this study is to find out if the opinions and the wishes coming from the citizens are later involved in the planning process etc made by the authorities. The aim is also to explain why or why not the opinions from the citizens are of any importance.

    My empirical data come from interviews that I have made with seven different respondents, both politicians and civil servants. More specifically I study three different forums and all the seven respondents have been present on at least one of these forums. As a theoretical ground I use different explanations for and against the importance of the citizen’s opinions. These theoretical explanations are constructed out of different theories.

    The study shows that the importance of the citizen’s opinions may vary. Sometimes the authorities listen to the opinions, sometimes the do not. The main explanation why they don’t listen is political and economical factors. The wishes from the citizens are too expensive. The main explanations why the municipal do listen are mostly a mix of two different explanations. The authorities feel insecure about the preferences of the citizens. It also seems like many opinions from the citizens are rather clever and may help the authorities to make the municipal activities run better.

  • 148.
    Erdtman, Joakim
    Örebro universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    En väg till demokrati genom biståndspolitik: En komparativ studie av USAID och SIDA:s handlingsprogram för demokrati2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The main purpose of this thesis is to compare the Swedish foreign aid agency, SIDA and the American, USAID and examine their notion on democracy. To fulfil this purpose I have used two questions, which are: 1) Is it possible through a society focused and an individual focused perspective see differences or similarities in USAID:s respectively SIDA:s view on democracy, on the basis of the action programme on democracy that the organisations have? 2) Can this study support notions that USAID and SIDA are acting on the basis of a similar foreign aid agenda with consideration on democracy? My conclusion is that USAID:s view on democracy is influenced by a society and individual focused perspective. My conclusion concerning SIDA:s view are that they is only influenced by a society focused perspective. My summarized conclusion relating to the first question is therefore that SIDA and USAID are influenced by a national agenda. The organisations also have similar notions of what a democratic society should consist of, which therefore gives support that they are acting in accordance with a common foreign aid agenda.

  • 149.
    Ericsson, Christer
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Horgby, Björn
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Sund, Bill
    Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Fotboll, kommersialisering, demokrati2019 (oppl. 1)Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 150.
    Ericsson, Madelene
    Örebro universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Tre dimensioner av integration: en idéanalys av den svenska invandrar-och integrationspolitiken mellan åren 1975-20062007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
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