Till Örebro universitet

oru.seÖrebro universitets publikationer
Ändra sökning
Avgränsa sökresultatet
1234567 101 - 150 av 1470
RefereraExporteraLänk till träfflistan
Permanent länk
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annat format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annat språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Träffar per sida
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sortering
  • Standard (Relevans)
  • Författare A-Ö
  • Författare Ö-A
  • Titel A-Ö
  • Titel Ö-A
  • Publikationstyp A-Ö
  • Publikationstyp Ö-A
  • Äldst först
  • Nyast först
  • Skapad (Äldst först)
  • Skapad (Nyast först)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Äldst först)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Nyast först)
  • Disputationsdatum (tidigaste först)
  • Disputationsdatum (senaste först)
  • Standard (Relevans)
  • Författare A-Ö
  • Författare Ö-A
  • Titel A-Ö
  • Titel Ö-A
  • Publikationstyp A-Ö
  • Publikationstyp Ö-A
  • Äldst först
  • Nyast först
  • Skapad (Äldst först)
  • Skapad (Nyast först)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Äldst först)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Nyast först)
  • Disputationsdatum (tidigaste först)
  • Disputationsdatum (senaste först)
Markera
Maxantalet träffar du kan exportera från sökgränssnittet är 250. Vid större uttag använd dig av utsökningar.
  • 101.
    Andrén, Daniela
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    The importance of the household partners’ country of birth for the persistence in welfare participation2017Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 102.
    Andrén, Daniela
    Department of Economics, Göteborg University, Göteborg, Sweden.
    The reform of the Romanian health care system: a comparative study of regional health directorates during 1990’s2002Ingår i: The European Journal of Health Economics: Fourth European Conference on Health Economics: Book of Abstracts, 2002, Vol. 3 suppl, s. 57-57Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyses the development of the Romanian health care system at regional health directorate level since the transition in 1989. First, we outline the development of the Romanian economy and especially the reform of the health care system. Basically, the Ministry of Health coordinates the health care system through 42 regional health directorates and health care is delivered free of charge to all inhabitants in Romania, with very few exceptions (some small and private clinics). Second, we analyze the effects of the reforms in health care sector during 1990’s by exploring the variations of health care expenditures at regional health directorate level, controlling for differences in expenditures, which can be grouped into demographic and health care organization characteristics. We use health data from databases at regional health directorate level of the National Institute of Statistics. The differences between regional health directorates were analyzed by a stochastic frontier panel cost function. The results indicate significant differences in efficiency across regions, and especially between urban and rural areas. This can mainly be explained by (i) an input-oriented funding system related to the number of inhabitants, wherein the parliament set minimum levels of health service budget for each district until 1996, and (ii) the primary health care reform with a new way of financing health care in addition to the introduction of contracts between district health directorates and general practitioners (as individuals or groups), which shifted the responsibility from hospitals to the district health directorates,  and this was only piloted in 8 regional health directorates (out of 41) in 1994. 

  • 103.
    Andrén, Daniela
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Time spent on social networking platforms and users' well-being: The case of HaikuJAM2020Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Ladda ner (pdf)
    Time spent on social networking platformsand users’ well-being. The case of HaikuJAM
  • 104.
    Andrén, Daniela
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Valuing depression using the well-being valuation approach2020Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The continuously dramatic increase of the number of people suffering from depression attracts an increasing demand for effective ways of preventing depression. Without the need for new interventions, there is also a continuous call for a more robust framework for economic evaluation of public interventions. Taking in account people’s preferences for public goods is not straightforward to quantify, and therefore, without the importance of designing new technique for valuing nonmarket goods and services, it is equally important to use methods that are not yet established as traditional. One less used method to assess the cost of depression in monetary terms is the well -being valuation method or the life satisfaction approach, which requires answers to questions that are significantly less time demanding for the respondentsthan more traditional approaches to valuation. We added a well-being question to a contingent valuation web-survey that describes hypothetical interventions aimed to prevent depression and estimated that the loss in life satisfaction for individuals who directly and/or indirectly experienced depression varies between approximately 5000 and 17000 Euro per year. 

  • 105.
    Andrén, Daniela
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Valuing Depression Using the Well-Being Valuation Approach2021Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The continuously dramatic increase of the number of people suffering from depression attracts an increasing demand for effective ways of preventing depression. Without the need for new interventions, there is also a continuous call for a more robust framework for economic evaluation of public interventions. Taking in account people’s preferences for public goods is not straightforward to quantify, and therefore, without the importance of designing new technique for valuing nonmarket goods and services, it is equally important to use methods that are not yet established as traditional. One less used method to assess the cost of depression in monetary terms is the well-being valuation method or the life satisfaction approach, which requires answers to questions that are significantly less time demanding for the respondents than more traditional approaches to valuation. 

    We use, to our knowledge, for the first time Swedish data to value the individual experience of depression in monetary terms by using the well-being valuation method; i.e., we estimate how much money would be needed to compensate people to return their well-being level without having depression. In order to do this, we asked well-being questions to 500 respondents that were randomly selected from a Swedish representative web-panel during the fall 2017 and answered a web-contingent valuation survey that includes a detailed description of an intervention aimed to decrease depression and the hypothetical change regarding the intervention, questions about willingness to pay for the intervention and questions about respondents’ characteristics.

    Next to using a fairly new valuation method to value the experience of depression, our empirical analysis is also innovative on that it distinguishes between two types of situations, depending on whether the respondents themselves or someone that they knew well has experienced depression and also considered if the respondents were worried for becoming depressed.  

    The estimated "well-being" cost of the respondents than knew well someone has experienced depression (Euro 5000) is less than one third part of the well-being cost for those who experienced depression themselves (Euro 17000). Given that we did not have access to any alternative measurements of both well-being and experience of depression, our results are only a relative reference point when no other information is available.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Valuing Depression Using the Well-Being Valuation Approach
  • 106.
    Andrén, Daniela
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Valuing Depression Using the Well-Being Valuation Approach2023Ingår i: Journal of Happiness Studies, ISSN 1389-4978, E-ISSN 1573-7780, Vol. 24, nr 1, s. 107-140Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The continuously dramatic rise of the number of people suffering from depression is attracting an increasing demand for effective ways of preventing depression. Besides the need for new interventions, there is also a continuous call for a more robust framework for economic evaluation of public interventions. Taking into account people's preferences for public goods is not straightforward to quantify, and therefore, in addition to designing a new technique for valuing nonmarket goods and services, it is equally important to use valuation methods that are not yet established as traditional. One less commonly used method to assess the cost of depression in monetary terms is the well-being valuation method or the life satisfaction approach, which requires answers to only a few questions that are significantly less time demanding for the respondents than more traditional approaches. We added a well-being question to a contingent valuation web-survey that describes hypothetical interventions aimed to prevent depression in Sweden and estimated that the loss in life satisfaction for individuals who experienced depression varies between approximately 350 and 45,000 euros per year. The monetary compensation would be, on average, higher for individuals who experienced own depression than for those who know someone near, family or friend, who experienced depression, for men than for women, and for middle-aged than for younger and older individuals, respectively.

  • 107.
    Andrén, Daniela
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Valuing mental illness by using the well-being valuation method2022Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 108.
    Andrén, Daniela
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Valuing suicide prevention by using the well-being valuation approach2022Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 109.
    Andrén, Daniela
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Valuing transport safety using the well-being valuation approach?2021Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Transport safety’s success is highly dependent upon cooperation and continued commitment and accountability among many parts, especially the individual’s active commitment in both their contribution to the financing of the infrastructure of transport safety and their behavior to protect themselves and others. A growing empirical literature uses the individual’s remembered utility of a past life episodes to guide policy. Following this tradition, we examine the link between individuals’ experiences of traffic accidents and their current life satisfaction using data from Sweden, where since 1997 there is a continuous renewal of the commitment to transport safety work to achieve Vision Zero for serious injuries and fatalities on Swedish roads.

    Using data collected during April-May 2020, when both increasing number of cases of Covid-19 and the governmental interventions for stopping the spreading of the virus, which might influence both who participated in our survey and their responses, we analyzed if it is possible to use exogenous variation in accident experience to estimate the cost of preventing traffic accidents by using the well-being valuation method.

    Our preliminary results suggest that both the respondents’ household income and their past accident experiences by being themselves in an accident and/or a family member or friend have not a statistically significant impact on their current level of subjective life satisfaction. Given that these two estimates are not statistically significant, we cannot used them to calculate the monetary value of preventing road traffic accidents. Therefore, in the next step we aim to model in better details how all different combinations of experiences of first-hand accidents and and/or dead of someone known influence the individual well-being.

  • 110.
    Andrén, Daniela
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Wellbeing and healthcare priority settings in Sweden at the beginning of the COVID-19 omicron wave2022Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: The COVID pandemic proves that a sustainable healthcare system is dependent both on resources and a consensus about which values should guide the decision makers to appropriately set priorities for resource allocation. There is not clear how exactly the decision makers choose the priorities for spending, but there were differences between and within countries. For example, in Sweden, where healthcare system has a pronounced public characterand a declared emphasis on equity and solidarity, there was a high variation between and within regions with respect to how resources were used for treatment, prevention, and vaccination. This article is an explorative analysis of the respondents’ wellbeing and their preferences regarding priority-setting in healthcare in Sweden during December 2021, when the extremely high infection risk of the Omicron sparked significant concern among global experts andpoliticians.

    Methods: Our web-survey was answered by 1000 respondents from the web panel Userneeds. The sample is representative with respect age, gender, and geographical region for the adult population of Sweden. The respondents are invited to imagine that they are decision-makers in the health care system and decide for six hypothetical choice situations, where the resources are allocated to save the life of patients at risk of dying due to suicide, pancreatic cancer, breast cancer and acute heart attack. In addition to the choices, the survey also includes questions about the individual’s demographic and socio-economic characteristics, their well-being, their risk for and experience (their own and/or someone near them) with suicide, pancreatic cancer, breast cancer and acute heart attack.

    Results: Our preliminary results show that regardless of their age, people with a high value of life-satisfaction and with no experience related to suicide, pancreatic cancer, breast cancer and acute heart attack tend to allocate resources for relatively young patients suffering do to suicide and breast cancer.

    Ladda ner (pdf)
    Abstract
  • 111.
    Andrén, Daniela
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Well-being and healthcare priority settings: the gap between the pilot and the representative sample2022Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 112.
    Andrén, Daniela
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Well-being and the Willingness to Pay for an Intervention Aimed to Decrease Depression2018Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 113.
    Andrén, Daniela
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Är deltidssjukskrivning en bra arbetslivsinriktad rehabiliteringsmetod?2011Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 114.
    Andrén, Daniela
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Andersson-Norrie, Ida
    Örebro universitet.
    Hur har pandemin påverkat studenters lärande och mående?2022Konferensbidrag (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Redan innan pandemin använde många universitet runt om i världen digitala plattformar för undervisning och lärande. Örebro universitet har sedan 2016 samlat data för att undersöka hur digital undervisning påverkat studenters inlärning och mående. Här delar lärosätet med sig av resultaten av studien, gjord bland universitetsalliansen NEOLAiA:s studenter.

  • 115.
    Andrén, Daniela
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Andrén, Thomas
    The Swedish Confederation of Professional Associations (Saco), Stockholm, Sweden.
    Gender and occupational wage gaps in Romania: from planned equality to market inequality?2015Ingår i: IZA Journal of European Labor Studies, ISSN 2193-9012, Vol. 4, nr 10, s. 1-27Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In Romania, the communist regime promoted an official policy of gender equality for more than 40 years, providing equal access to education and employment and restricting pay differentiation based on gender. After its fall in December 1989, the promotion of equal opportunities and treatment for men and women did not constitute a priority for any governments of the 1990s. This paper analyzes both gender and occupational wage gaps before and during the first years of the transition to a market economy and finds that the communist institutions did succeed in eliminating the gender wage differences in female- and male-dominated occupations but not in gender-integrated occupations. During both regimes, wage differences were, in general, much higher among workers of the same gender working in different occupations than between men and women working in the same occupational group, and women experienced a larger variation in occupational wage differentials than men.

  • 116.
    Andrén, Daniela
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Andrén, Thomas
    Gender and occupational wage gaps in Romania: from planned equality to market inequality?2014Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    In Romania, the communist regime promoted an official policy of gender equality for more than 40 years, providing equal access to education and employment, and restricting pay differentiation based on gender. After its fall in December 1989, the promotion of equal opportunities and treatment for women and men did not constitute a priority for any of the governments of the 1990s. This paper analyzes both gender and occupational wage gaps before and during the first years of transition to a market economy, and finds that the communist institutions did succeed in eliminating the gender wage differences in female- and male-dominated occupations, but not in gender-integrated occupations. During both regimes, wage differences were in general much higher among workers of the same gender working in different occupations than between women and men working in the same occupational group, and women experienced a larger variation of occupational wage differentials than men.

  • 117.
    Andrén, Daniela
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Andrén, Thomas
    Konjunkturinstitutet .
    Gender and occupational wage gaps in Romania: from planned equality to market inequality?2008Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In Romania, the communist regime promoted an official policy of gender equality for more than 40 years, providing equal access to education and employment, and restricting pay differentiation based on gender. After its fall in December 1989, the promotion of equal opportunities and treatment for women and men did not constitute a priority for any of the governments of the 1990s. This paper analyzes both gender and occupational wage gaps before and during the first years of transition to a market economy, and finds that the communist institutions did succeed in eliminating the gender wage differences in female- and male-dominated occupations, but not in gender-integrated occupations.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    EALE2008
  • 118.
    Andrén, Daniela
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet. Central European Labour Studies Institute (CELSI), Bratislava, Slovakia.
    Andrén, Thomas
    National Institute of Economic Research (NIER), Stockholm,Sweden; Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA), Bonn, Germany.
    Never Give Up?: The Persistence Of Welfare Participation In Sweden2013Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Long-term social assistance dependency is a growing concern in Sweden and other European countries. In order for policy makers to design effective welfare reforms it is important to know how strong the state dependence associated with social assistance is in the population and to what extent it varies with different factors, and among different groups. We estimate the effect of the state dependence in social assistance for Sweden during the 1990s, for both Swedish-born and foreign-born. Using a dynamic discrete choice model that controls for unobserved heterogeneity and the initial conditions problem, we found that the effect is three times larger for foreign-born compared to Swedish-born. However, when the effect is distributed over time, it decreases and loses significance after three years for both groups. This suggests that more resources should be allocated for programs that connect working-age recipients with the labor market as early as possible.

  • 119.
    Andrén, Daniela
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Andrén, Thomas
    Part-time sick leave as a treatment method?2009Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    This paper analyzes the effects of being on part-time sick leave compared to full-time sick leave on the probability of recovering (i.e., returning to work with full recovery of lost work capacity). Using a discrete choice one-factor model, we estimate mean treatment parameters and distributional treatment parameters from a common set of structural parameters. Our results show that part-time sick leave increases the likelihood of recovering and dominates full-time sick leave for sickness spells of 150 days or longer. For these long spells, the probability of recovering increases by 10 percentage points.

  • 120.
    Andrén, Daniela
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Andrén, Thomas
    Part-time sick leave as a treatment method?2008Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyzes the effects of being on part-time sick leave compared to full-time sick leave on the probability of recovering (i.e., returning to work with full recovery of lost work capacity). Using a discrete choice one-factor model, we estimate mean treatment parameters and distributional treatment parameters from a common set of structural parameters. Our results show that part-time sick leave increases the likelihood of recovering and dominates full-time sick leave for sickness spells of 150 days or longer. For these long spells, the probability of recovering increases by 10 percentage points.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Part-Time Sick Leave as a Treatment Method?
  • 121.
    Andrén, Daniela
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Andrén, Thomas
    Starting sick leave on part-time as a treatment method?2009Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Starting Sick Leave on Part-Time as a Treatment Method?
  • 122.
    Andrén, Daniela
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Andrén, Thomas
    State dependence in Swedish social assistance2013Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Although the economic integration of immigrants has been the subject of a large number of studies, the research on the effect of intermarriage on immigrants’ economic integration/assimilation is scarce and has no equivalence in the literature on the receipt of social assistance. This study fills this gap in the literature by estimating the structural state dependence in social assistance in Sweden during 1990-1999 by different types of households, which were grouped by the country of birth of the sampled individual and his/her partner. Using a dynamic discrete choice model that controls for unobserved heterogeneity and the initial conditions problem, we find that state dependence in Swedish social assistance was relatively strong during 1990-1999, and differed extensively across different household types. Although Swedish-born partners who separated are one of the groups with the lowest receipt of social assistance (i.e., 1.08-1.76%), these individuals exhibit the highest state dependence (24.4 percentage points). Foreign-born singles have almost the same value for the state dependence, but these individuals also have the highest receipt of social assistance (18.47%). Surprisingly, the group with the lowest receipt of social assistance (0.27-3.06%) and the lowest state dependence (4.7 percentage points) are the foreign-born women living together with a Swedish-born man.

  • 123.
    Andrén, Daniela
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Andrén, Thomas
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet. Sveriges Akademikers Centralorganisation (SACO), Stockholm, Sweden .
    State dependence in Swedish social assistance for natives and immigrants: What happened to those who were single before the recession?2016Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 124.
    Andrén, Daniela
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Andrén, Thomas
    Saco.
    State dependence in Swedish social assistance in the 1990s: What happened to those who were single before the recession?2014Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Using a dynamic discrete choice model that controls for unobserved heterogeneity and the initial conditions problem, we estimate the state dependence in Swedish social assistance for Swedish-born and foreign-born who were single in 1990 before the recession period started. The estimates of the structural state dependence for Swedish-born singles indicate that it is unaffected by the event of living together with a partner, and the effect is significantly lower for women than for men. For the foreign-born singles, the state dependence for those who stay single the whole decade is equally strong for men and women, and almost not affected when the foreign-born single started to live together with a foreign-born partner.

  • 125.
    Andrén, Daniela
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Andrén, Thomas
    State dependence in Swedish social assistance in the 1990s: What happened to those who were single before the recession?2013Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Using a dynamic discrete choice model that controls for unobserved heterogeneity and the initial conditions problem, we estimate the state dependence in Swedish social assistance for Swedish-born and foreign-born who were single in 1990 before the recession period started. The estimates of the structural state dependence for Swedish-born singles indicate that it is unaffected by the event of living together with a partner, and the effect is significantly lower for women than for men. For the foreign-born singles, the state dependence for those who stay single the whole decade is equally strong for men and women, and almost not affected when the foreign-born single started to live together with a foreign-born partner.

  • 126.
    Andrén, Daniela
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Andrén, Thomas
    Swedish Confederation of Professional Associations (Saco), Stockholm, Sweden .
    State Dependence in Swedish Social Assistance: The Importance of a Household Partner2014Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Although the economic integration of immigrants has been the subject of a large number of studies, the research on the effect of intermarriage on immigrants' economic integration/assimilation is scarce and has no equivalence in the literature on the receipt of social assistance. This study fills this gap in the literature by estimating the structural state dependence in social assistance in Sweden during 1990-1999 by different types of households, which were grouped by the country of birth of the sampled individual and his/her partner. Using a dynamic discrete choice model that controls for unobserved heterogeneity and the initial conditions problem, we find that state dependence in Swedish social assistance was relatively strong during 1990-1999 for some household types. Although Swedish-born partners who separated are one of the groups with the lowest receipt of social assistance (i.e., 1.08-1.76%), these individuals exhibit the highest state dependence (24.4 percentage points). Foreign-born singles have almost the same value for the state dependence, but these individuals also have the highest receipt of social assistance (18.47%). Surprisingly, the group with the lowest receipt of social assistance (0.27-3.06%) and the lowest state dependence (4.7 percentage points) are the foreign-born women living together with a Swedish-born man.

  • 127.
    Andrén, Daniela
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Andrén, Thomas
    Konjunkturinstitutet.
    Women and men's response to a non-targeted earned income tax credit2012Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 128.
    Andrén, Daniela
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Andrén, Thomas
    The Swedish Confederation of Professional Associations (Saco), Stockholm, Sweden.
    Women’s and men’s responses to in-work benefits: the influence of children2016Ingår i: IZA Journal of Labor Policy, E-ISSN 2193-9004, Vol. 5, nr 3, s. 1-24, artikel-id UNSP 3Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines how the Swedish earned income tax credit (EITC) introduced in 2007 affected the labor supply of men and women living in two-adult households and the extent to which children in the household affected the outcome. Because the EITC is non-targeted in Sweden, it is difficult to form a meaningful comparison group for a regular ex-post quasi-experimental evaluation of the reform. Therefore, a structural discrete choice labor supply model for two-adult households is formulated and used in an ex ante analysis. In a first step, estimates from the structural labor supply model are used to determine the wage elasticities of the labor supply of men and women separately, both with and without children in the household. Our results correspond to those previously reported in the academic literature: somewhat larger wage elasticities are found for women than for men, while similar labor supply responses are found for men and women when there are no children in the household. In a second step, the labor supply model is used to simulate the labor supply responses to the EITC. Our results indicate that the largest response is on the extensive margin, with an increase in the labor force participation of both men and women. While the labor supply effect on the intensive margin is smaller, it is positive for both men and women working part-time. However, the presence of children affects work hours differently for men and women working part-time or not at all. For men, the percentage change in the work hours was much higher for those living in a household without children, whereas for women, the changes are almost the same for the two types of households.

  • 129.
    Andrén, Daniela
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Andrén, Thomas
    The Swedish Confederation of Professional Associations (Saco), Stockholm, Sweden.
    Women’s and men’s responses to in-work benefits: the influence of younger children2015Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines how the non-targeted earned income tax credit (EITC) introduced in Sweden in 2007 affected the labor supply of men and women living in a two-adult household and to what extent children in the household affects the outcome. Using a structural discrete labor supply model for two-adult households, we estimate the impact of the EITC on labor supply and disposable income separately for households with and without children. In a first step, the empirical model is evaluated by estimating wage elasticites for men and women separately. Our results correspond in level to those estimated elsewhere in the literature, with somewhat larger estimates for women than for men. Our results also suggest that the labor supply responses for men and women are more similar when no children are in the household. In a second step, the model is used to evaluate the labor supply effects of the EITC. Our results indicate that the largest response is on the extensive margin, with an increase in the labor force for both men and women. The labor supply effect on the intensive margin is smaller, yet positive for men and women working part-time in general, but the presence of children in the household brings difference between men and women. For households without children, the response is about the same in size for men as for women. For households with children, the response for men was about the same as for the case without children, but the response for women was about half in size. This indicates that women are less responsive to economic incentives than men when children are present in the household.

  • 130.
    Andrén, Daniela
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Andrén, Thomas
    Saco.
    Women’s and men’s responses to in-work benefits: The influence of younger children2014Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines how the non-targeted earned income tax credit (EITC) introduced in Sweden in 2007 has affected the labor supply of men and women living together in two-adault households and the extent to which children affect related outcomes. Using a structural discrete labor supply model for two adult households, we estimate the impact of the EITC on both labor supply and disposable income separately for households with and without children. Our results suggest that wage elasticities differ for men and women with or without children, a result that is in line with earlier literature. However, women increased their labor supply bu 0.9 percent regardless of children in the household, whereas men with children increased their labor supply by approximately 0.5 percent and those without children increased their labor supply by 0.7 percent.

  • 131.
    Andrén, Daniela
    et al.
    Department of Economics, Göteborg University, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Andrén, Thomas
    Department of Economics, Göteborg University, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Work and health: working conditions, job requirements, individual habits, and sickness risk2002Ingår i: The European Journal of Health Economics: Fourth European Conference on Health Economics: Book of Abstracts, 2002, Vol. 3 Suppl, s. 38-38Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The starting point and motivation of our study are the effects of working conditions, job requirements, and personal habits on people’s health. Our hypothesis is that these effects do exist, and that, on average, employees exposed to either less friendly working conditions, higher job demands, or characterized by bad individual habits, will have longer sickness spells than their cohort peers who do not have the previous characteristics. Another hypothesis is that employees who are working in a friendly work environment, executing jobs that do not demand high physical efforts, etc. will have a better health and will work longer hours than their cohort peers who do not have these characteristics. These hypotheses are tested using a longitudinal database provided by the Swedish National Social Insurance Board (RFV), which contains high quality information on the duration of the sickness spells, earnings, and demographics from both RFV’s and the social insurance offices administrative registers. Both nonparametric and parametric estimates show that the work environment and job tasks, as well as the individual habits have a significant effect on people’s health. Therefore, we conclude that it is desirable to have programs directed to improve the social and physical work environment, jobs tasks, and individual performance (through training and/or vocational rehabilitation of those individuals). Nevertheless, given that the magnitude of the effects of the individual habits was relatively higher than the work environment and job’s tasks effects, it is difficult to suggest which social policy might be suitable to improve employees health in general. 

  • 132.
    Andrén, Daniela
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Andrén, Thomas
    SACO, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Tirmén, Patric
    Försäkringskassan, , Sweden.
    Long-term effects of part-time sick leave on the employees' return to work2016Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives: Despite the limited and relatively weak empirical evidence for the effectiveness of part-time sick leave, the Swedish government has promoted the use of part-time sick leave instead of full-time sick leave, when possible. A few studies reported the effectspart-time sick leave on the probability to return to work. Our paper aims to bring more empirical evidence for the importance of part-time sick leave on the return to work by estimating the effects of part-time sick leave on the probability to return to work for each of the five years after the sickness spell started. 

    Data and Methods: The sample analyzed in this paper is extracted from the National Agency of Social Insurance in Sweden and includes all employees aged 21-56 years in 2006 when they starteda sickness spell of at least two weeks on full-time, and were employed but not on sick leave during 2001-2005. Data include longitudinal information related to both employment and social insurance related events during 2001-2013. The point of departure is an employed individual with a diagnosed health condition and an accompanying reduced work capacity. This implies a choice between part-time or full-time sick leave. The choice of the degree of sick leave is a joint decision made by the employee, the employer, the physician, and the social insurance administrator. The common objective of the four parties is to choose the alternative with the highest likelihood of recovery of the lost work capacity. A suitable structure for this framework is a discrete choice switching regression model with an endogenous switch between the two states: part-time and full-time sick leave. We estimate the effects of part-time sick leave on the probability to return to work for each of the five years after the sickness spell started.

    Results: The estimates of our two parameters of primary interest, the average treatment effect (ATE) and the expected effect of the treatment on the treated (TT) vary across the years. The ATE-estimates for 2007 and 2008 is negative, but positive for each of the next three years, which shows that employees who switched from full-time to part-time sick leave have on average a lower probability to return to work the first and the second year after the sick leave spell started than employees who were onfull-time sick leave the whole sickness spell. The TT-estimates are negative for all five years, which means that there was a small average lost from part-time sick leave for those who actually were on part-time sick leave.

  • 133.
    Andrén, Daniela
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Clark, Andrew
    D'Ambrassio, Conchita
    University of Luxembourg, Esch-sur-Alzette, Luxemburg.
    Karlsson, Sune
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    From birth to adulthood: What are the consequences for a woman in her forties?2016Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 134.
    Andrén, Daniela
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Clark, Andrew
    Paris School of Economics, Paris, France.
    D’Ambrosio, Conchita
    Université du Luxembourg, Luxembourg.
    Karlsson, Sune
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Pettersson, Nicklas
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Nya sätt att mäta välbefinnande? En analys av subjektiva och objektiva mått2019Ingår i: Ekonomisk Debatt, ISSN 0345-2646, Vol. 1, s. 44-51Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 135.
    Andrén, Daniela
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Clark, Andrew
    Paris School of Economics, Paris, France.
    D'Ambrosio, Conchita
    Université du Luxembourg, Esch-sur-Alzette, Luxembourg.
    Karlsson, Sune
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Pettersson, Nicklas
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Subjective and physiological measures of well-being: an exploratory analysis using birth-cohort data2017Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    We use a rich longitudinal data set following a cohort of Swedish women from age 10 to 49 to analyse the effects of birth and early-life conditions on adulthood outcomes. These latter include both well-being and the stress hormone cortisol. Employment and marital status are important adult determinants of well-being. Log family income and absence from school also predict adult well-being, although their importance falls when controlling for adult and birth characteristics. Among the birth characteristics, we find that high birth weight (>4.3kg) affects adult well-being. We predict the level of adult cortisol only poorly, and suggest that the relationship between life satisfaction and cortisol is non-monotonic: both high and low cortisol are negatively correlated with life satisfaction. The results from an OLS life satisfaction regression and a multinomial logit of high or low cortisol (as compared to medium) are more similar to each other.

  • 136.
    Andrén, Daniela
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Clark, Andrew E.
    Paris School of Economics - CNRS, Paris, France.
    D’Ambrosio, Conchita
    Université du Luxembourg, Esch-sur-Alzette, Luxembourg.
    Karlsson, Sune
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Pettersson, Nicklas
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    New ways to measure well-being?: A first joint analysis of subjective and objective measures2018Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Our study is, to our knowledge, the first joint analysis of subjective and objective measures of well-being. Using a rich longitudinal data from the mothers pregnancy until adulthood for a birth cohort of children who attended school in Örebro during the 1960s, we analyse in a first step how subjective (self-assessed) and objective (cortisol-based) measures of well-being are related to each other. In a second step, life-course models for these two measures are estimated and compared with each other. Despite the fact that our analysis is largely exploratory, our results suggest interesting possibilities to use objective measures to measure well-being, even though this may imply a greater degree of complexity.

  • 137.
    Andrén, Daniela
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Earle, John S.
    Upjohn Institute for Employment Research, 300 South Westnedge, Kalamazoo, MI 49007, USA.
    Sapatoru, Dana
    Central European University, Budapest, Hungary.
    The wage effects of schooling under socialism and in transition: Evidence from Romania, 1950-20002005Ingår i: Journal of comparative economics (Print), ISSN 0147-5967, E-ISSN 1095-7227, Vol. 33, nr 2, s. 300-323Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We estimate the impact of schooling on monthly earnings from 1950 to 2000 in Romania. Nearly constant at about 3-4 percent during the socialist period, the coefficient on schooling in a conventional earnings regression rises steadily during the 1990s, reaching 8.5 percent by 2000. Our analysis finds little evidence for either the standard explanations of such an increase in the West (labor supply movements, product demand shifts, technical change) or the transition-specific accounts sometimes offered (wage liberalization, border opening, increased quality of education). But we find some support for institutional and organizational explanations, particularly the high productivity of education in restructuring and entrepreneurial activities in a disequilibrium environment.

  • 138.
    Andrén, Daniela
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Erik, Johansson Tapper
    Statistics Sweden, Örebro, Sweden.
    Traffic accident experience and subjective well-being2022Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we aim to use a posteriori approach to estimate the monetary compensation that would keep the individual’s subjective well-being unchanged after experiencing traffic accidents. The coefficients of the life satisfaction equation, estimated wiht Swedish data collected in May 2020, indicated no statistically significant association between accident experience and life satisfaction. This result is in line with the extensive empirical research on hedonic adaptation that suggests individuals’ tendency to adapt relatively fast to new life circumstances and highlights the importance of knowing the time of the accident in order to draw conclusions about when and what monetary compensation might be needed to keep the individuals’ life satisfaction unchanged when experiencing, directly or indirectly, a traffic accident.

  • 139.
    Andrén, Daniela
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Granlund, David
    Department of Economics, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden ; HUI Research, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Introducing waiting times for health care in a labor supply model for sickness absence2015Ingår i: Nordic Journal of Health Economics, ISSN 1892-9729, E-ISSN 1892-9710, Vol. 3, nr 1, s. 34-46Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper studies the association between waiting times for different health care services and the duration of sick leave, using a Swedish register database supplemented with information from questionnaires for 3,653 employees. The duration of sick leave is positively associated with waiting two weeks or more for primary care, technical investigations and specialists, compared to waiting one week or less. Except for waiting for a specialist, there is no indication that waiting four weeks or more is associated with longer durations of sick leave than waiting two to three weeks. Long waiting times for surgery is negatively associated with the duration of sick leave, which might be explained by prioritizing where patients with longer waiting times are those with less severe conditions. Including these waiting time variables did not induce substantial changes on the impact of traditional labor supply variables, which suggests that the parameter estimates of traditional variables are relatively robust.

  • 140.
    Andrén, Daniela
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Granlund, David
    Umeå university, Umeå, Sweden.
    Waiting for health care and duration of sick leave2011Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 141.
    Andrén, Daniela
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Granlund, David
    Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    "Waiting for the other shoe to drop": waiting for health care and duration of sick leave2011Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 142.
    Andrén, Daniela
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Granlund, David
    Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    'Waiting for the other shoe to drop': waiting for health care and duration of sick leave2010Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper uses a labor supply model that incorporates waiting for health care to derive an empirical specification for sick leave and to estimate the impact of waiting for health care on the duration of sick leave. In the estimations, we use the 2002 sample of the RFV-LS register database, supplemented with information from questionnaires. The results indicate that almost all waiting for health care variables have a statistically significant positive impact on the duration of sick leave, and did not induce substantial changes on the impact of traditional variables of the labor supply model.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    "Waiting for the Other Shoe to Drop": Waiting for Health Care and Duration of Sick Leave
  • 143.
    Andrén, Daniela
    et al.
    Göteborg University, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Martinsson, Peter
    Göteborg University, Göteborg, Sweden.
    What Contributes to Life Satisfaction in Transitional Romania?2006Ingår i: Review of Development Economics, ISSN 1363-6669, E-ISSN 1467-9361, Vol. 10, nr 1, s. 59-70Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyzes life satisfaction in Romania in 2001, 12 years after the collapse of communism and the beginning of the transition into a market economy. Using a survey of 1770 individuals, we find that our results are very similar to studies in Western Europe and the USA. Life satisfaction increases with housing standard, health status, economic situation, education, trusting other people, and living in the countryside, and decreases with rising unemployment. However, life satisfaction is lower than in Western countries with about 74% of the people in the sample being not at all satisfied or not quite satisfied with their life in general, and the remaining part being quite satisfied or very satisfied. A policy discussion concludes the paper.

  • 144.
    Andrén, Daniela
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Mudenda, Lackson Daniel
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Pettersson, Nicklas
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Which firms employ older workers?2018Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    There is an increasing emphasizes on the importance of allowing people as they grow older to continue to work according to their work capacity and preferences. This paper builds on earlier literature that shows that firms employ older workers, but they tend not to hire them, and provides an explorative analysis of the establishments that employ older workers. A special focus is on how sensitive are the findings when the definition of older workers become more restrictive. Using employer-employee data from Swedish administrative registers, we found that the difference in establishments’ employment is large enough to explain some of theobserved difference across definitions. The retirement age in the guaranteed pension scheme, i.e., 65 years, seems to be one the institutional settings that affect both the employees and employers’ decision for work after 65, but also the establishment’s size, age and ownership.

  • 145.
    Andrén, Daniela
    et al.
    Department of Economics, Göteborg University, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Palmer, Edward
    The Swedish Social Insurance Agency and Uppsala University, Sweden.
    The Effect of Sickness History on Earnings in Sweden2008Ingår i: Economic Issues, ISSN 1363-7029, Vol. 13, nr 1, s. 1-24Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines whether sickness history affects annual earnings and/or hourly wages in Sweden. If poor health makes people less productive, previous sickness is expected to have a negative effect on hourly wages. If poor health reduces people’s working capacity, but not their productivity, it is expected to decrease the hours worked, which implies lower annual earnings and no change in their hourly wage. The results indicate that people who are healthy in the current year but have a longer spell of sickness in previous years have lower earnings than persons who have no record of long-term sickness, and that the effect goes through hours of work rather than the wage rate.

  • 146.
    Andrén, Daniela
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Pettersson, Nicklas
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Emotional Health During Childhood and Adult Life-Satisfaction2019Ingår i: Fourteenth Workshop on Costs and Assessment in Psychiatry ‘The Value of Mental Health Services’ Venice - March 29-31, 2019: Book of Abstracts, John Wiley & Sons, 2019, Vol. 22Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 147.
    Andrén, Daniela
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Pettersson, Nicklas
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Studying continuously during an university course – with experiences from the impact of the coronavirus COVID-192020Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Online teaching and online learning have been studied for many years with focus on both the inputs and outputs, but seldom on outcomes such as the well-being of the students and/or teachers. Therefore, we already know that good outputs in forms of grades are strongly correlated with a clear and robust instructional design and planning, using a systematic model for design and development, but we still know very little about the well-being of the students and/or teachers. Our paper provides insights on the content and the functionalities of our sustainable educational approach (SEA) designed to both facilitate online learni ng and online collaboration and to motivate students to study and learn continuously,  which proved to facilitate a smooth shift to online teaching and learning to stop the spreading of Coronavirus COVID-19 during Spring 2020. Using a sample of students registered for a course in elementary statistics during 2016-2020, we present empirical evidence for the positive short-term effects of using the SEA on the students’ grades and their individual well-being. 

  • 148.
    Andrén, Daniela
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Pettersson, Nicklas
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    The importance of studying continuously when learning basic concepts2021Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 149.
    Andrén, Daniela
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Pop, Jacob
    Lemstra, Mark
    Is the Alliance Occupational Management Model a solution for improving employees’ health and reducing sick leave in Sweden2016Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 150.
    Andrén, Daniela
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Svensson, Mikael
    Department of Economics and Statistics, Karlstad University, Karlstad, Sweden.
    Part-time sick leave as a treatment method for individuals with musculoskeletal disorders2012Ingår i: Journal of occupational rehabilitation, ISSN 1053-0487, E-ISSN 1573-3688, Vol. 22, nr 3, s. 418-426Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: There is increasing evidence that staying active is an important part of a recovery process for individuals on sick leave due to musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs). It has been suggested that using part-time sickleave rather than full-time sick leave will enhance the possibility of full recovery to the workforce, and several countries actively favor this policy. The aim of this paper is to examine if it is beneficial for individuals on sick leave due to MSDs to be on part-time sick leave compared to full-time sick leave.

    Methods: A sample of 1,170 employees from the RFV-LS (register) database of the Social Insurance Agency of Sweden is used. The effect of being on part-time sick leave compared to full-time sick leave is estimated for the probability of returning to work with full recovery of lost work capacity. A two-stage recursive bivariate probit model is used to deal with the endogeneity problem.

    Results: The results indicate that employees assigned to part-time sick leave do recover to full work capacity with a higher probability than those assigned to full-time sick leave. The average treatment effect of parttime sick leave is 25 percentage points.

    Conclusions: Considering that part-time sick leave may also be less expensive than assigning individuals to full-time sick leave, this would imply efficiency improvements from assigning individuals, when possible, to part-time sick leave.

1234567 101 - 150 av 1470
RefereraExporteraLänk till träfflistan
Permanent länk
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annat format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annat språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf