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  • 101.
    Balkmar, Dag
    et al.
    Filosofiska fakulteten, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, Sweden.
    Iovanni, LeeAnn
    Department of sociology, Social Work and Organization, Aalborg University, Denmark.
    Pringle, Keith
    Mälardalen University College, Sweden.
    A Reconsideration of Two "Welfare Paradises": Research and Policy Responses to Men's Violence in Denmark and Sweden2009Ingår i: Men and Masculinities, ISSN 1097-184X, E-ISSN 1552-6828, Vol. 12, nr 2, s. 155-174Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article compares the situation in Denmark and Sweden regarding research and policy making around the issue of men-s violence to women and children. It does so by drawing on two comprehensive reviews of academic and policy data in those countries that were part of a broader European Union-funded project. Although the picture emerging from this comparison is complex, the overall conclusion is that in Sweden over recent years many more examples can be found of a critical, power-oriented approach than is the case in Denmark.    

  • 102.
    Balkmar, Dag
    et al.
    Tema Genus, University of Linköping, Linköping, Sweden.
    Joelsson, Tanja
    Tema Genus, University of Linköping, Linköping, Sweden.
    Burning rubber, marking territory: technology, auto-erotic desires and violating mobility2009Ingår i: Gender delight: science, knowledge, culture and writing … / [ed] Åsberg, Cecilia; Harrison, Katherine; Pernud, Björn; Gustavsson, Malena, Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2009, s. 117-126Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 103.
    Balkmar, Dag
    et al.
    Tema Genus, University of Linköping, Linköping, Sweden.
    Joelsson, Tanja
    Tema Genus, University of Linköping, Linköping, Sweden.
    Den bioniske mannen på autoerotiska äventyr: mäns risktagande i trafikrummet2010Ingår i: Norma, ISSN 1890-2138, E-ISSN 1890-2146, Vol. 5, nr 1, s. 27-44Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    “The bionic man goes autoerotic – theoretic keys towards a refined understanding of men’s risk taking in public space”

    Gender construction in relation to mobility and movement gives rise to intriguing questions regarding the interfaces between men, masculinity, technology, “danger” and risk-taking, especially when discussing issues of traffic safety. How can we conceptualize men’s risk taking practices within the traffic realm? By drawing on research from feminist science and technology studies, the authors suggest and develop the figuration the bionic man for how to understand cars and other mobile vehicles such as mopeds as extensions of the (male) body. The construction of masculinity is seen to be interlinked with the use and mastering of motor vehicles. This theoretical frame work is further analysed by introducing the concept of autoeroticism as a meaningful way for understanding the profound embodied and emotional relation between men, technologies of movement and risk taking. The authors argue that the emotional aspects of driving cars and riding mopeds need to be regarded as both vital and crucial aspects when studying men’s risk taking in traffic space.

  • 104.
    Balkmar, Dag
    et al.
    Tema Genus, University of Linköping, Linköping, Sweden.
    Joelsson, Tanja
    Tema Genus, University of Linköping, Linköping, Sweden.
    Feeling the speed: the social and emotional investments in dangerous road practices2012Ingår i: Gender and change: power, politics and everyday practices / [ed] Maria Jansdotter Samuelsson, Clary Krekula, Magnus Åberg, Karlstad: Karlstad University Press , 2012, s. 37-52Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Research on gender aims to contribute towards a better society with the help of scientific tools. Change is therefore a key concept in gender studies. With a wide range of theoretical frameworks, methodological approaches and empirical materials from Sweden, Norway and Iceland, this book investigates how gender relations are shaped, reproduced, and challenged. Collectively, the papers in this volume point to where we are heading in terms of gender relations. Where are the seeds to change, and how does power make possible or impede on change?

  • 105.
    Balkmar, Dag
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Joelsson, Tanja
    Uppsala universitet, Uppsala, Sweden.
    The dangerous other?: Towards a contextual approach of men’s risk-taking with motor vehicles2014Ingår i: Masculinities in the criminological field: control, vulnerability and risk-taking / [ed] Ingrid Lander, Signe Ravn and Nina Jon, Farnham: Ashgate, 2014, 1, s. 187-202Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Over recent decades criminological research has changed from a gender-blind discipline which equated crime with men and thus ignored questions about gender, to an approach that studied gender by showing statistical differences between men and women, and then finally to a more inclusive and elaborate gender-theoretical approach to crime and crime control. However, despite this development, research on gender - and in particular research on gendered norms and the construction and enactment of masculinities - within the criminological field has been unable to keep up with developments in gender research. Since 1990, only a few anthologies with a gender-theoretical orientation focusing on masculinities within the criminological research field have been published. Many of the theoretical developments in gender research still have difficulties in reaching into mainstream criminology, partly because such developments are often published in feminist and/or gender theoretical journals. This volume both problematizes and renders visible conceptions and norms regarding male behaviour and masculinities and shows how these affect the criminological field through providing a theoretically sound and clear gender perspective to this field of research. With sections based around the following three themes: negotiations of masculinity in institutional settings, vulnerable masculinities and risk-taking and masculinities, this volume will be of interest to scholars of criminology, sociology, social work and gender studies, as well as policy-makers, and law enforcement professionals.

  • 106.
    Balkmar, Dag
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap. Department of Gender Studies.
    Lindvert, Marta
    Nord University Business School, Bodø, Norway.
    Ljunggren, Elisabet Carine
    Faculty of Social Sciences, Nord University, Bodø, Norway.
    Masculinity in Scandinavian tech entrepreneurship: male technology entrepreneurs negotiating gender (in)equality2024Ingår i: International Journal of Gender and Entrepreneurship, ISSN 1756-6266, E-ISSN 1756-6274Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Both entrepreneurship and technology are significantly gendered, and when combined in technology entrepreneurship, they make up a fundamentally masculine field. This article investigates men tech entrepreneurs' negotiations of gender and gender (in)equality. The purpose is to gain knowledge on masculinity in tech entrepreneurship and to explore what role this might play in any change towards more gender-equal entrepreneurship.

    Design/methodology/approach: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with ten Swedish and Norwegian male tech entrepreneurs in tech incubators. The interviews dealt with gender (in)equality and masculinity in tech entrepreneurship. The data were coded in NVivo and inductively analysed using thematic analysis. We apply a social constructivist understanding of gender.

    Findings: We categorise the male entrepreneurs' views of gender equality along “privileged”, “paradoxical” and “potential” articulations of gender (in)equality. Building on these articulations, we discuss the potential entrepreneurial men and masculinities could have for changing gender inequality in the Scandinavian tech entrepreneurship context. The findings are applicable to several entrepreneurial contexts.

    Originality/value: The study contributes to further the theoretical understanding of tech entrepreneurship as a gendered phenomenon, its dynamics and its potential for change, particularly in promoting gender equality in tech entrepreneurship. Empirically, it investigates the perceptions about gender (in)equality and gender as negotiated concepts amongst male tech entrepreneurs.

  • 107.
    Balkmar, Dag
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Lykke, Nina
    Tema Genus, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, Sweden.
    Developing disruptive norm-critical innovation at Volvo: FINAL REPORT2015Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Volvo Group Trucks Technology and Tema Genus, Linköping University, have initiated a collaborative project to foster disruptive norm-critical innovation at Volvo. The aim is to 1) further develop existing methods for initiating innovation by bringing disruptive norm-critical innovation methods into already existing “tool boxes for innovation” at Volvo, 2) develop a particular tool box to enhance disruptive norm-critical innovation across existing “tool boxes”, and 3) develop a disruptive norm-critical innovation tool box targeting the leadership programme at Volvo Trucks to enable better management and integration of norm-critical innovation processes at Volvo. The first step was a pilot project, outlined below, the overall aim of which was to develop a detailed application (VINNOVA) which can achieve the above aims.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Developing disruptive norm critical innovation at Volvo
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
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  • 108.
    Balkmar, Dag
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Mellström, Ulf
    Gender Studies, Karlstad University, Karlstad, Sweden.
    Cyborgs and entanglements of technology, masculinity, and (automated) vehicles2019Ingår i: Feministische Studien, ISSN 0723-5186, Vol. 37, nr 2, s. 320-334Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, we will discuss different entanglements of technology and masculinity with a special focus on (automated) vehicles. Starting from a cyborg- epistemology formulated as 'thesis, anti-thesis, synthesis, prosthesis' (Gray 2001: 189), we will, in three sections, entangle and disentangle different discourses and practices around how masculinity has been constructed around intimacy, technology, and cyborgisation. Historically, this points in both destructive directions and emancipatory hopes of transcendence through cyborgisation. Cyborgs are thus political technologies, and we argue that a history of masculinity as well as the future of masculinity, in a western context and beyond, can be understood in relation to cyborgisation and intimacy with technological artefacts. It is argued that cyborgs are possibly the tricksters of the future posthuman masculinity but they are also a tool to understand the 'leitmotif' of male transcendence in the history of masculinity. To illustrate our point, we will use different forms of technologies of movement and other man-machine relations as our "objects-to-think-with", considering gendered power relations and emancipatory potentials (Haraway 2004: 321).

    In the first section we will discuss cyborgs and masculine entanglements in a historical perspective to suggest a cyborg-epistemology. Such approach is apt for understanding masculine desires of transcendence invested in and nurtured through automatons, golems, robots, etcetera. A characteristic feature of these ‘Man plus’ (Gray 2001) artefacts and creatures have been their prosthetic capacity with an inherent destructive/emancipatory Janus face. In the second section, we will apply the cyborg-epistemology to contemporary imaginaries and driving practices of cars. Cars and car driving is one of the arenas where masculinity is clearly constructed around intimacy, technology and cyborgisation, as exemplified in numerous cases of popular culture, and daily practices in and around cars. This section exemplifies emancipatory and destructive aspects of cars and car driving in dominant automobility systems. In the third section we will be more future oriented and speculative, looking at autonomous transport futures. While the interpellative experience of cars and its emotional and gendered dimensions have been discussed in the second section, the third section turns to the question how autonomous vehicles can be imagined and ‘felt’, and perhaps also changing gendered relations with, in and around cars (Berscheid 2016).

     

  • 109.
    Balkmar, Dag
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Mellström, Ulf
    Karlstad University, Karlstad, Sweden.
    Gender and Transport: Affective structures and practices2023Ingår i: The Routledge Companion to Gender and Affect / [ed] Todd W. Reeser, London and New York: Routledge, 2023, s. 111-120Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this chapter, we introduce how gender and affect can be co-thought in studies of mobilities and transport, and in particular masculinity and transport practices as this is our main field of expertise. From our perspective, affect in this context implies how people feel and act as a consequence of aroused emotion experienced within an affective economy such as the mobility and transport system (Ahmed 2004; Sheller 2004; Balkmar and Mellström 2020). The affective economy of transport and mobility regulates and channels how travel and mobility patterns organize and include individual, group and societal structures with human and non-human elements. We argue that it is analytically vital to separate affect and emotions with regard to the mobility and transport system in order to outline the systemic dimensions of many ecological and societal challenges of our present time. In the larger land- scape of contemporary challenges, the transport and mobility system is key to halt planetary warming, the endemic traffic congestion of major metropolises and decrease carbon dioxide emissions on a global scale, to mention a few. Our present transport and mobility systems are pressing the planet to a core boundary (Steffen et al. 2011) where the passing of such a limit would drive the planet into a less sustainable level of human life. 

  • 110.
    Balkmar, Dag
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Mellström, Ulf
    Gender Studies, Karlstad University, Karlstad, Sweden.
    Masculinity and Autonomous Vehicles: A Degendered or Resegregated Future System of Automobility?2018Ingår i: Transfers, ISSN 2045-4813, E-ISSN 2045-4821, Vol. 8, nr 1, s. 44-63Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article addresses the anthropomorphization and interpellative experience of cars and trucks, in order to meet future mobility challenges. Autonomous vehicles offer an emancipatory opportunity within a wider movement of degendering and regendering motor vehicles. We argue that autonomous vehicles can challenge the foundations of a gendered economy founded on masculinity, speed, pleasure, and embodiment. Rather than thinking in terms of a process of demasculinization, this article anticipates a regendering and resegregation through which certain forms of masculine gendered economies of pleasure will lose ground and others will gain. A core question in this article asks who will be in the driver’s seat of future systems of automobility as the control of the vehicle is gradually being transferred from the driver to digital control systems and intelligent roads.

  • 111.
    Balkmar, Dag
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Mellström, Ulf
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för sociala och psykologiska studier (from 2013). Karlstads universitet, Estetisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Centrum för genusforskning..
    Men, Movements and Automation: Imagining (un)sustainable transport futures2017Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This presentation addresses sustainability in relation to intersections of men, movements and transport futures. As an unsustainable system, transport not only support and enacts the predominant global form of ‘quasi-private’ mobility that subordinates other less resource intense means of movement, it also cause damaging effects on the environment locally and globally (Urry 2004). Central actors are to an overwhelmingly degree men of power, men that dominate and control its interlinked centres, such as the auto-, oil- and road industry. To critically consider how these institutions not only are gendered, but also changing, is therefore important.

    The relations between men, movements and transport put focus on the complexity of power and power resources in relation to technology and technical institutions more generally. While the automobile managed to change the world, self-driving vehicles are imagined as the next major transportation technology revolution. This technology is imagined to ‘solve’ many gendered problems associated with the current automobility system, such as congestions, pollution and ‘man-made’ risk taking. Against this background, the phenomenon of autonomous cars is here thought upon as challenging the foundations of a gendered car culture. Even though the automobilic system may be thought of as connecting many transnational centres of power, while also distributing power to individual men as car users, the ‘new’ technology is about to repudiate the power over the vehicles gradually and reassign it to the designers and engineers. In the context of transport, the balance between power enforcements by state bodies, the auto-industry and power enactments by individual men, are likely to change. Scenarios of “re-gendering and re-segregation” (see Balkmar & Mellström forthcoming) are discussed where certain institutions and forms of men’s power will lose ground and others will become more foregrounded.

    References:

    Balkmar, Dag & Mellström, Ulf (forthcoming), Re-gendering the relation between men, masculinity and cars? On autonomous vehicles and emancipatory challenges, forthcoming in Transfers: Interdisciplinary Journal of Mobility Studies.

    Urry, John (2004) The ‘System’ of Automobility, Theory, Culture & Society,

    Vol. 21(4/5): 25–39.          

  • 112.
    Balkmar, Dag
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Mellström, Ulf
    Karlstad University, Karlstad, Sweden.
    Re-gendering the relation between men, masculinity and cars? On autonomous vehicles and emancipatory challenges2017Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    As the Nordic regions move into an era in need of sustainable mobility, there are many pressing concerns to be addressed. One of these is the strong connection between masculinity, power and car cultures. In this paper we take our point of departure in the anthromorphization of cars and trucks, and how this emotional and gendered relation needs to be questioned in order to meet future challenges. The phenomenon of autonomous ‘driverless’ cars can here be thought of as one possible emancipatory opportunity in relation to a wider movement of de-gendering and re-gendering motor vehicles. Based on various materials, including the project Trucks for all-developing norm-critical innovation at Volvo, we argue that autonomous vehicles can challenge the foundations of a gendered economy founded on masculinity, speed, pleasure, and embodiment. The advent of ‘driverless’ cars may point in a direction where the traditional imaginary of the active “male” driver may loose ground, even pointing towards a ‘de-masculinization’ of future transport vehicles. However, rather than thinking in terms of a process of a de-masculinization it seems more appropriate to anticipate a development of re-gendering and re-segregation where certain forms of masculine gendered economies of pleasure will lose ground and others will become more foregrounded.

  • 113.
    Balkmar, Dag
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Mellström, Ulf
    Karlstads universitet, Estetisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Centrum för genusforskning, Karlstad, Sweden.
    Towards an anthropology of transport affect: The place of emotions, gender and power in smart mobilities2020Ingår i: Gendering Smart Mobilities / [ed] Tanu Priya Uteng, Hilda Rømer Christensen, Lena Levin, Abingdon/New York: Routledge, 2020, s. 57-74Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, we argue for an anthropology of transport affect as a serious scholarly undertaking within mobility and transport studies. This implies how people feel and act as a consequence of aroused emotions experienced within an affective economy (Ahmed 2004), such as the mobility and transport system. From an anthropology of transport affect perspective, we reflect upon historical as well as contemporary cases related to the transport system more generally and in particular future smart mobilities. In the first part of the chapter we map the theoretical background and in the second part we use historical as well as contemporary cases to think through the place of emotions, gender and power in transport and mobility systems, including how future smart mobilities may challenge what Landström (2006) calls “a gendered economy of pleasure”, that to large extent is associated with the current dominant mobility paradigm. Core values in such a gendered economy of pleasure are escapism, risk taking, masculine prowess, and technical dexterity (Balkmar and Mellström 2018).

  • 114.
    Balkmar, Dag
    et al.
    Filosofiska fakulteten, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, Sweden.
    Nyberg, Ann-Christin
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Luleå, Sweden.
    Genusmedveten tillväxt och jämställd vinst: Om genus och jämställdhet i ansökningar till VINNOVAs VINNVÄXT-program 20052006Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

        

  • 115.
    Balkmar, Dag
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Strid, Sofia
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Hearn, Jeff
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Humbert, Anne Laure
    Oxford Brookes University, Oxford, UK.
    Disperse violence: gender-based violence and environmental violence2020Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is part of the session Violence Regimes: Analysing the Multiplicity of Gendered Violence(s). Violence regime is a framework developed for analysing the multiplicity of violence(s) (Hearn et al 2018; Strid et al 2018). The framework concerns direct and indirect violence; across four pillars of comprehensiveness; across macro, meso and micro levels; often with increasing amount of time and space between act and impact; and vary in both manifestation and understanding of violence, extending the continuum of violence (Kelly 1988) across four pillars: Deadly, Damaging, Diffuse and Dispersed violence.

    Empirically, this paper explores manifestations of violence in the first and fourth pillar of the violence regime framework:  deadly and direct forms of violence such as homicide, femicide and suicide; and dispersed manifestations not necessarily understood as violence, usually indirect, sometimes directed towards a group but with a less easily identifiable ‘victim’ or ‘object; manifestations not usually recognized as violence; e.g. environmental destruction. Two different cases will be discussed, 1) automobility and 2) killings of animals for food, both associated with negative impact on the environment. First, we examine the violent, damaging and deadly effects of automobility across country comparisons of the EU28. Second, we examine slow violence (Nixon 2011) and the levels of slaughtering of animals in relation to the levels of homicide, femicide and suicide through cross country comparisons of the EU28. The paper contributes to the violence regime framework analyzing how manifestations of violence not usually understood as violence correlate with the most direct and deadly forms of violence. 

  • 116.
    Balkmar, Dag
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Strid, Sofia
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Hearn, Jeff
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Humbert, Anne Laure
    Oxford Brookes University, Oxford, UK.
    Disperse violence: gender-based violence and environmental violence2021Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is part of the session Violence Regimes: Analysing the Multiplicity of Gendered Violence(s). Violence regime is a framework developed for analysing the multiplicity of violence(s) (Hearn et al 2018; Strid et al 2018).

    The framework concerns direct and indirect violence; across four pillars of comprehensiveness; across macro, meso and micro levels; often with increasing amount of time and space between act and impact; and vary in both manifestation and understanding of violence, extending the continuum of violence (Kelly 1988) across four pillars: Deadly, Damaging, Diffuse and Dispersed violence. Empirically, this paper explores manifestations of violence in the first and fourth pillar of the violence regime framework:  deadly and direct forms of violence such as homicide, femicide and suicide; and dispersed manifestations not necessarily understood as violence, usually indirect, sometimes directed towards a group but with a less easily identifiable ‘victim’ or ‘object; manifestations not usually recognized as violence; e.g. environmental destruction. Two different cases will be discussed, 1) automobility and 2) killings of animals for food, both associated with negative impact on the environment.

    First, we examine the violent, damaging and deadly effects of automobility across country comparisons of the EU28. Second, we examine slow violence (Nixon 2011) and the levels of slaughtering of animals in relation to the levels of homicide, femicide and suicide through cross country comparisons of the EU28.

    The paper contributes to the violence regime framework analysing how manifestations of violence not usually understood as violence correlate with the most direct and deadly forms of violence. 

  • 117.
    Balkmar, Dag
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Strid, Sofia
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Hearn, Jeff
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Humbert, Anne Laure
    Oxford Brookes University, Oxford, UK.
    On violence policy and “women friendly” welfare regimes: From gender regimes to (gender) violence regimes?2019Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 118.
    Balkmar, Dag
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Strid, Sofia
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Humbert, Anne Laure
    Oxford Brookes University, Oxford, UK.
    On violence policy and “women friendly” welfare regimes2019Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to critically interrogate the concepts of gender violence regime and violence regime, and how societal welfare state regimes and gender regimes translate, or do not translate, into gender violence regimes or violence regimes. Taking violence as the point of departure, this paper addresses violence as problem with many contested meanings and politics. Welfare state regime research (Esping-Andersen 1990, 1992), including that on gender welfare regimes (e.g. Lewis 1992; Sainsbury 1999), has generated different frames, for understanding the problem of violence. It is argued that some welfare regimes are more women-friendly than others. However, empirical bases for these conclusions often exclude violence; welfare state regime research has thereby overlooked one of the most substantial, deep-rooted causes and consequences of gendered inequalities. The question is, is assumptions of women-friendliness turned upside down when gender-based violence is taken into account? 

  • 119.
    Balkmar, Dag
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Summerton, Jane
    Swedish National Road & Transport Research Institute, Linköping, Sweden.
    Bicycling and politics: movements, strategies and visions in bicycle activism in Sweden2016Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish national government, as transport authorities and many Swedish municipalities, are currently planning and implementing ambitious programs that are designed to promote cycling and increase the share of cycling among everyday travel modes. However, with more ‘pro-cycling’ discourses and in the wake of antagonism and lack of road space for increasing numbers of cyclists, new forms of bicycle activism appears to be on the rise.

    The purpose of this paper is to describe and analyse the ways in which bicycle activists in Sweden construct their politics and the role of bicycle activism as a vehicle for contributing to more sustainable cycling futures. What are their concrete approaches and strategies that inform their activism? How do activists and advocates view bicyclists as e.g. vulnerable, angry or marginalized subjects, and how do they view their roles as spokespersons for these groups? What alternative visions for cycling and cyclists are expressed? Empirically the paper focuses on three expressions of contemporary bicycling activism/advocacy; the Swedish national cycling advocacy organization, the ad-hoc “Ghost Bike Sweden” and the on-line based “Bike Maffia”-initiative in Stockholm.

    It is argued that all three reflect a “contested terrain” with regard to approaches and strategies to bicycle activism (Vivanco 2013, 103).  Although all three share an ambition to improve conditions for cyclists, they reflect core differences in their strategies and views on bicycling as contested practice: from more pragmatic, policy- and solution-oriented approaches to explicitly political and hands-on street-level activism. All three organisations/initiatives also represents different forms of grassroots organisations with different capacities to participate within formal governance structures. However, the more activist based initiatives seem to create spaces for new forms of political engagement beyond formal institutions – initiatives that also are worth listening to.

     

  • 120.
    Balkmar, Dag
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Summerton, Jane
    Swedish National Road & Transport Research Institute, Linköping, Sweden.
    Cykelpolitik: rörelser, strategier och visioner i svensk cykelpolitik2017Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [sv]

    Politiker, kommuner och transportmyndigheter arbetar idag på olika sätt för att förbättra förutsättningarna för cykling – inte minst för att skapa mer attraktiva, sunda och tillgängliga städer. Men med en alltmer cykelvänlig diskurs – och i kölvattnet av motsättningar i trafiken relaterat till trängsel för ett ökat antal cyklister i storstäderna – skapas också grogrund för nya former av cykelaktivism. Ofta tar dessa initiativ utgångspunkt i vem och vilka trafikslag som får ta plats på och ha tillgång till stadens gator samt vilka former av motstånd som kan riktas mot bilismen som norm.

    Syftet med det här föredraget är att beskriva och analysera de sätt som cykelaktivism i Sverige konstrueras samt cykelaktivismens roll som förändringsaktörer i arbetet för hållbara städer. Vilka konkreta tillvägagångssätt och strategier baseras aktivismen på? Hur förstår aktivister och cykelförespråkare cyklister, exempelvis som sårbara, arga eller marginaliserade grupper. Hur ser de på sina roller som talespersoner för cyklister? Vilka alternativa visioner för cykling och cyklister uttrycker de?

    Empiriskt fokuserar presentationen på tre nutida uttryck för cykelaktivism/cykelförespråkare; Cykelfrämjandet, Ghost Bike Sweden och det online-baserade initiativet Cykelmaffian i Stockholm. Metodologiskt baseras presentationen på kvalitativa metoder, främst intervjuer med representanter för respektive organisation/initiativ, samt analyser av deras externa kommunikation. 

    Resultaten från studien visar att cykelaktivism är att betrakta som ett omstritt område, särskilt med avseende på initiativens strategier och inriktning. Även om alla tre delar en ambition om att förbättra förutsättningarna för cykel, så ger de uttryck för centrala skillnader i deras respektive strategier och syn på cykling och cykelpolitik: från en mer pragmatisk, policy- och lösningsorienterad inriktning till explicit politiska och direkt-aktions orienterade former av gatuaktivism. Alla tre organisationer/initiativ representerar också olika former av (gräsrots)organisationer, med sinsemellan olika möjligheter att medverka och påverka inom ramen för formella politiska strukturer. Samtidigt så skapar de mer aktivistbaserade initiativen nya former av utrymmen för politiskt engagemang och motstånd bortom formella institutioner. 

  • 121.
    Balkmar, Dag
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Usiskin, Sam
    Bikes4Refugees.
    Bikes 4 refugees: intersections between gender, ethnicity, age, mobility and integration2016Konferensbidrag (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 122.
    Barać, Ivana
    et al.
    University of Belgrade, Faculty of Law, Civil Law, Belgrade, Serbia.
    Blandino, Amalia
    University of Cadiz, Faculty of Law, Private Law, Cadiz, Spain.
    Coppo, Letizia
    LUMSA, Faculty of Law, Palermo, Italy.
    Frezza, Giampaolo
    LUMSA, Faculty of Law, Palermo, Italy.
    Novaković, Uros
    University of Belgrade, Faculty of Law, Private Law, Belgrade, Serbia.
    Rabadán, Fuensanta
    University of Cadiz, Faculty of Law, Private Law, Cadiz, Spain.
    Saeidzadeh, Zara
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Gender Competent Family Law2023Ingår i: Gender-Competent Legal Education / [ed] Dragica Vujadinović; Mareike Fröhlich; Thomas Giegerich, Springer, 2023, s. 541-581Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter discusses the construction of family and family law as central tenets of gender equality projects in law and society. It begins with a review of the evolution of family institution from the traditional nuclear to the models that are not constituted through either heteronormativity or marriage contract. Hence, it draws on LGBTQIA+ family formations including parenthood and intimate partnership. Furthermore, the chapter elaborates on the development of gender equality in family law and marriage contract in various social settings through an intersectional analysis of rights and responsibilities of partners, parents, and children. The chapter also explores domestic violence as a matter of gender equality in family law. It discusses how legal protection and prevention of domestic violence in family law can reduce harmful effects on family members, who are the victims of violence directly or affected by domestic violence as witnesses.

  • 123.
    Bares Lopez, Lydia
    et al.
    University of Cadiz, Faculty of Law, General Economics, Cadiz, Spain.
    Costanza, Francesca
    LUMSA University Rome, Department of Law, Palermo, Italy.
    Ortega Gil, Manuela
    University of Cadiz, Faculty of Law, General Economics, Cadiz, Spain.
    Strid, Sofia
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap. Department of Sociology and Work Science, Gothenburg University, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Integrating Gender Equality in Economics and Management2023Ingår i: Gender-Competent Legal Education / [ed] Dragica Vujadinović; Mareike Fröhlich; Thomas Giegerich, Springer, 2023, 1, s. 631-666Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter deals with gender economics, gender and management, and genderand innovation. After introducing the general concept of feminist economics andits critique of mainstream economics, this chapter explains the meaning of genderindicators, gender parity, gender equality, and gender mainstreaming. It furtherinvestigates the factors causing inequalities in the labour market. Gender isafterwards addressed from a managerial perspective, embracing a multidimen-sional notion of performance, and considering both the management of privateand public organisations. Finally, the topic gender and innovation is deepened byexplaining the importance of intellectual property rights, as well as the poorvisibility of women inventors in society.

  • 124.
    Bark, Anna
    Örebro universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Att argeta som genuspedagog: Motstånd och villor som främjar pedagogernas arbete2006Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats
    Abstract [sv]

    Örebro University

    Department of Social Sciences

    Sociology, Continuation Course, 41-60p./61-80p.

    Essay, 10p. Spring 2006

    Title: Att arbeta som genuspedagog

    Author: Anna Bark

    Abstract

    My aim in writing this essay is to explain why the government has decided to educate gender-educationalists, and to describe the conditions they are working under. The questions I will raise are:

    ° Why does the state educate gender-educationalists?

    ° What are the gender-educationalists supposed to do?

    ° What kind of work are they doing today?

    ° How would they like to work?

    ° What is preventing some of the gender-educationalists from working as gender-educationalists?

    ° Which conditions make their work easier?

    ° Are the gender-educationalists doing what they are supposed to do?

    I have made seven interviews with gender-educationalists. Three of them are not working as gender-educationalists to day, and four of them are. To sort out the things that are preventing the educationalists from working I have found Ingrid Pincus theory about male resistance to equality-reforms very helpful. I have also developed some new categories that include the conditions that are benefiting for their work.

    I have found that the state has educated gender-educationalists to make sure that the schools in Sweden are working with equality the way they should, according to the curriculum. The working possibilities are dependent of the circumstances in the municipality where the educationalist is working, and how the municipal leaders understand equality.

  • 125. Barker, Meg-John
    et al.
    Wurm, Matilda
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för beteende-, social- och rättsvetenskap.
    Ickebinära kön2023Ingår i: Trans: Fakta, forskning och erfarenheter / [ed] Edward Summanen; Matilda Wurm, Stockholm: Natur och kultur, 2023, s. 138-150Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 126.
    Belghiti-Mahut, Sophia
    et al.
    Université de Montpellier, Montpellier, France.
    Bergmann, Nadja
    L & R Social Research, Vienna, Austria.
    Gärtner, Marc
    Dissens Institute for Education and Research e.V., Berlin, Germany.
    Hearn, Jeff
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap. Univ. of Linköping, Linköping, Sweden; Hanken School of Econ., Helsinki, Finland; Univ. of Huddersfield, Huddersfield, United Kingdom.
    Holter, Øystein Gullvåg
    Centre for Gender Research, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.
    Hrženjak, Majda
    Peace Institute, Ljubljana, Slovenia.
    Puchert, Ralf
    Dissens Institute for Education and Research e.V., Berlin, Germany.
    Scambor, Christian
    Research Institute at Men's Counselling Centre, Graz, Austria.
    Scambor, Elli
    Research Institute at Men's Counselling Centre, Graz, Austria.
    Schuck, Hartwig
    Dissens e.V. Institut für Bildung und Forschung, Berlin, Germany.
    Seidler, Victor
    Goldsmiths University, London, United Kingdom.
    White, Alan
    Leeds Metropolitan University, Leeds , United Kingdom.
    Wojnicka, Katarzyna
    Dissens e.V. Institut für Bildung und Forschung, Berlin, Germany.
    Study on the Role of Men in Gender Equality2013 (uppl. 1)Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Gender relations have increasingly changed throughout the past decades, and European gender politics have productively accompanied these improvements. Still Europe is far from being a gender-equal society.

    For a long period gender equality policies have been contextualised mainly as a ’women’s issue’ – as women have been the driving force behind gender equality strategies and have been seen as the only ones who benefit from a more equal society. Men as the ‘other gender’ have been taken less into account in the context of gender equality.

    In the last decade, however, men and masculinities have increasingly become subjects of studies and gender policies in the EU. Under EU presidency, conferences on men, masculinities and equality took place in Sweden (2001) and Finland (2006). The Roadmap for equality between women and men 2006-20101 specifically encouraged men to take up care responsibilities and to share leave entitlements with women. A horizontal priority on gender roles including the need for involvement of men in gender equality policies and addressing inequalities affecting men, such as early school leaving, literacy and occupational health, is present in the current European Commission's Strategy for Equality between Women and Men (2010-2015)2. Additionally, strategies like gender mainstreaming seem to have created an initial awareness of the issue of men in gender equality and the establishment of some pathways towards institutional practice. Therefore, contemporary gender equality strategies as well as scientific studies should involve both men and women and take into account analysis of the role of both genders in romoting gender equality, dismantling structural inequalitiesand changing gender roles.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 127.
    Benschop, Yvonne
    et al.
    Radboud University, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.
    Husu, Liisa
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap. Hanken School of Economics, Helsinki, Finland.
    Close Encounters of the Feminist Kind with Research and Innovation2021Ingår i: Feminist Encounters: A Journal of Critical Studies in Culture and Politics, ISSN 2542-4920, Vol. 5, nr 2, s. 1-6Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Close Encounters of the Feminist Kind with Research and Innovation
  • 128.
    Bergman-Rosamond, Annika
    et al.
    Department of Political Science, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Gammeltoft-Hansen, Thomas
    Faculty of Law, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Hamza, Mo
    Division of Risk Management and Societal Safety, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Hearn, Jeff
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap. Management and Organisation, Hanken School of Economics, Finland; Sociology, University of Huddersfield, UK; Institute for Social and Health Studies, University of South Africa .
    Ramasar, Vasna
    Division of Human Ecology and Lund University Centre for Sustainability Studies, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Rydström, Helle
    Department of Gender Studies, Lund University, Sweden.
    The Case for Interdisciplinary Crisis Studies2022Ingår i: Global Discourse: A Developmental Journal of Research in Politics and International Relations, ISSN 2326-9995, E-ISSN 2043-7897, Vol. 12, nr 3-4, s. 465-486Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Alarming reports on crises are appearing and being published on a daily basis in different expressions from climate change, to people’s movement and displacement, to armed conflict. Claims to crisis may involve tangible displays of desperate refugees, civilian casualties or persisting, if not, permanent poverty. Moreover, crisis relates to more abstract concepts such as failing democracy, instability in the liberal world order or national and global economic inequality. Crisis, in a sense, seemingly weaves the contemporary world together (Latour 1993), and this trend is reinforced by the frequent occurrence of mediatized or media-tuned global crisis narratives, many of which are currently shaped by populist apocalyptic ideology (Judis 2016). At the same time, crisis refers to social forces that can disrupt life and frame realities in ways, which go beyond prevalent discursive narratives (Jaques 2009; Smith and Vivekananda 2009). Crisis can also serve as a turning point and an opportunity for transformational change in a system (e.g. Polanyi 1944; Walby 2015). In particular, we outline an interdisciplinary approach to crisis as both concept and event, and thus to crisis studies, that moves away from some tendencies to see crisis as ahistorical, but rather emphasises uncertainty and contingency.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    The Case for Interdisciplinary Crisis Studies
  • 129.
    Bergsten, Karin
    Örebro universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    IRON MY SHIRT: Om Hillary Clintons möjligheter att bli USA:s första kvinnliga president2008Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats
  • 130.
    Bermúdez Figueroa, Eva
    et al.
    University of Cadiz, Faculty of Social Sciences and Communication, Department of General Economics, Area of Sociology, Jerez de la Frontera, Spain.
    Dabetić, Valerija
    University of Belgrade Faculty of Law, Sociology of Law, Belgrade, Serbia.
    Pastor Yuste, Raquel
    University of Cádiz, Faculty of Law, Department of General Economic, Area of Sociology, Jerez de la Frontera, Spain.
    Saeidzadeh, Zara
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Gender and Structural Inequalities from a Socio-Legal Perspective2023Ingår i: Gender-Competent Legal Education / [ed] Dragica Vujadinović; Mareike Fröhlich; Thomas Giegerich, Springer, 2023, s. 95-142Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter critically analyses different socio-legal phenomena through a feminist prism on gender. With an aim to promote gender equality, it addresses the problems of structural gender inequalities in both private and public social spheres. Outlining the political, economic and ideological connection between laws and specific social contexts, it uncovers (hidden) effects of social reproduction and construction of gender and sexuality. Deconstructing the gender binary system and provoking a heterosexual matrix, it shows how traditional, patriarchal gender roles determine and establish the social position in the structure of society. Dealing with the gender (in)sensitive education, production, and reinforcement of gender inequalities in the labour market, and media (re)presentation of gender and symbolic violence, it shows how widely accepted values and gender roles shape, and ultimately define, the access to social resources, professional positions and social status. Limiting research to only some areas of this broad socio-legal thematic, this chapter addresses some policies for overcoming structural inequalities based on gender.

  • 131.
    Biricik, Alp
    et al.
    Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Hearn, JeffÖrebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    GEXcel Work in Progress Report. Volume XV: gendered sexualed transnationalisations, deconstructing the dominant: transforming men, “centres” and knowledge/policy/practice2012Proceedings (redaktörskap) (Refereegranskat)
  • 132.
    Biricik, Alp
    et al.
    Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Hearn, JeffÖrebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    GEXcel work in progress report. Volyme VI: deconstructing the hegemony of men and masculinities2009Proceedings (redaktörskap) (Refereegranskat)
  • 133.
    Bjørnholt,, Margunn
    Department of Sociology and Human Geography , University of Oslo , Blindern, Oslo, Norway.
    Fathers and sons: gender socialization and intergenerational transmission revisited2009Ingår i: Nordic Journal for Masculinity Studies (NORMA), ISSN 1890-2138, Vol. 4, nr 1, s. 84-102Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This article, which employs a dyadic father-son approach, addresses the methodological and theoretical challenges involved in studying gender socialization and intergenerational transmission. The article is part of a longitudinal follow-up study of the Work-Sharing Couples Project, a small, experimental action research project for gender equality in the family in Norway during the first part of the 1970s; the project was designed to promote gender equality and a better work/life balance in families and was based on both spouses working part-time and sharing breadwinning, childcare and housework. The follow-up study was conducted by interviewing the original couples in 2005–2006. A sample of the sons of the work- sharing couples has also been interviewed as part of an ongoing follow-up study of intergenerational transmission. The background of the article consists of the findings so far relating to the fathers in the study: these findings provide little or no support for a model of father/son transmission; the work-sharing men did not refer to their own fathers as “role models”. Further, the father-son research design poses certain methodological, theoretical and ethical challenges which should be considered and weighed up against the possible analytical gains of this approach. Against the background of these concerns, a single father-son case is explored based on a couple interview with the parents and individual interviews with both the parents and the son. Based on analyzing this case, methodological and theoretical implications for the study of intergenerational transmission, boys’ socialization and the origin of masculinity/(ies) are discussed.

  • 134.
    Bjørnholt, Margunn
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap. Department of Sociology and Human Geography , University of Oslo , Blindern, Oslo, Norway.
    How men became the local agentsof change towards gender equality2008Ingår i: Journal of Gender Studies, ISSN 0958-9236, E-ISSN 1465-3869, Vol. 20, nr 3, s. 1-18Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The Work-Sharing Couples Study was an action research project conducted in the early 1970s to reconcile work, family and gender equality in families. Its design involved both spouses working part-time and sharing childcare and housework. This article is based on a follow-up study of the original couples 30 years later. The men played a key role in initiating work-sharing in their families and how the men becameagents of change is the topic of the article. Biographical influences from their families of origin and domestic skills, facilitated by the contemporary concept of a modern, profeminist masculinity, were important background factors, and promoting the careers of wives emerged as an important motivational factor. Their authoritative agency in promoting more egalitarian patterns of work and care in their own families also invokes the question of a constructive use of male power. This could give rise to a further discussion of power and masculinity and men as agents of change towards gender equality.

  • 135. Bjørnholt, Margunn
    Like father, like sons?: the transmission of values, family practices and work-family adaptations to sons of work-sharing men2010Ingår i: Fathering: A Journal of Theory, Research, and Practice about Men as Fathers, ISSN 1537-6680, E-ISSN 1933-026X, Vol. 8, nr 3, s. 276-299Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 136.
    Bjørnholt, Margunn
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Modern men: A Norwegian 30-year longitudinal study of intergenerational transmission and social change2014Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The dissertation addresses men and change, intergenerational transmission, historical change and agency, employing as a case a longitudinal follow-up study over two generations of men, where the fathers participated in an experimental research project, the Work-Sharing Couples Project, which aimed to promote egalitarian work–family adaptations in Norway in the early 1970s. The original project was based on both spouses working part-time and shift parenting. The summary presents a multidimensional analysis of the work–family adaptations of the two generations of men: the untraditional adaptation of fathers in the 1970s; and the neo-traditional adaptations of sons in the 2000s. Their different work–family adaptations are discussed as situated agency, taking into account different aspects of time and space, personal biography, discursive and material structures of opportunity, and intergenerational dynamics at the family level as well as at social level.

    The five articles present the empirical material: Bjørnholt (2009a) presents the impact on the couple relation and the family of the the parents’ work–sharing arrangement, concluding that the work-sharing arrangement was perceived by the participants to have been beneficial for their couple relationship as well as for the family as a whole. Bjørnholt (2011) explores the motivations of the work-sharing men to act as agents of change towards gender equality, concluding that personal biography, an authoritative way of being and new masculinity ideals, notably a partner- oriented masculinity, were important. Bjørnholt (2010b) analyses the consequences of the work-sharing arrangement on the work-sharing men’s careers, concluding that there were few negative career effects. They were rather successful, and their house-father experiences tended to be valued by employers as management skills. Bjørnholt (2009b) concludes that a father–son design is insufficient in explaining intergenerational transmission and Bjørnholt (2010c) finds that the untraditional work–family arrangement had not been passed on to sons.

    Delarbeten
    1. Norwegian work-sharing couples project 30 years later: revisiting an experimental research project forgender equality in the family
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Norwegian work-sharing couples project 30 years later: revisiting an experimental research project forgender equality in the family
    2009 (Engelska)Ingår i: Equality, Diversity and Inclusion, ISSN 2040-7149, E-ISSN 2040-7157, Vol. 28, nr 4, s. 304-323Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to outline the background as well as methodological and epistemological aspects to, and the effects of, a follow-up study 30 years later of the work-sharing couples project, which is a Norwegian, experimental research project in the early 1970s. The aim of the project is to promote gender equality and a better work/life balance in families. In this paper the variation in work-sharing and post work-sharing trajectories over the life-course is explored, mainly focusing on the impact of the work-sharing arrangement on the couples’ relations, their work/life balance and the well-being of participants, the core objectives of the original project.

    Design/methodology/approach – The original project has a small scale, interventionist design based on couples working part-time and sharing childcare and housework; effects on family life and gender equality are documented by questionnaires and time diaries. In the follow-up study, retrospective life-course couple interviews with the original participants are used.

    Findings – Revisiting the original project produced new insights into, the subversive and radical use of sex-role theory in early Norwegian family sociology as an instrument of changing gender relations. In the follow-up study, the high level of participation and the long duration of the arrangement would seem to qualify for a heightened level of expectation as to the effects of the experiment on the participants’ lives. A high proportion of the couples are still married, and the work-sharing arrangement has been regarded by the majority of participants to have had a positive impact on their marital relation, work/life balance and well-being.

    Practical implications – Insights gained from revisiting this project may prove fruitful when confronting contemporary dilemmas of work/life balance, as well as demographic and environmental challenges. Originality/value – The original project is unique internationally owing to its theoretically subversive, interventionist design and reformatory ambition. The longitudinal follow-up of the experiment is also unique in family research, and of great value for researchers into gender equality and the family.

    Nyckelord
    Norway, Gender, Family roles, Equal opportunities, Dual-career couples
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Genusstudier
    Forskningsämne
    Genusvetenskap
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-37923 (URN)10.1108/02610150910954773 (DOI)
    Anmärkning

    Equal Opportunities International ended 2009

    Now published as "Equality, Diversity and Inclusion: An International Journal"

    Tillgänglig från: 2014-10-23 Skapad: 2014-10-23 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-05Bibliografiskt granskad
    2. How men became the local agentsof change towards gender equality
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>How men became the local agentsof change towards gender equality
    2008 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of Gender Studies, ISSN 0958-9236, E-ISSN 1465-3869, Vol. 20, nr 3, s. 1-18Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
    Abstract [en]

    The Work-Sharing Couples Study was an action research project conducted in the early 1970s to reconcile work, family and gender equality in families. Its design involved both spouses working part-time and sharing childcare and housework. This article is based on a follow-up study of the original couples 30 years later. The men played a key role in initiating work-sharing in their families and how the men becameagents of change is the topic of the article. Biographical influences from their families of origin and domestic skills, facilitated by the contemporary concept of a modern, profeminist masculinity, were important background factors, and promoting the careers of wives emerged as an important motivational factor. Their authoritative agency in promoting more egalitarian patterns of work and care in their own families also invokes the question of a constructive use of male power. This could give rise to a further discussion of power and masculinity and men as agents of change towards gender equality.

    Nyckelord
    men, part-time, masculinity, power, work/family reconciliation, gender equality
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Genusstudier
    Forskningsämne
    Genusvetenskap
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-37925 (URN)10.1080/09589236.2010.514210 (DOI)000288953400002 ()2-s2.0-79953287709 (Scopus ID)
    Tillgänglig från: 2014-10-23 Skapad: 2014-10-23 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-05Bibliografiskt granskad
    3. Part-time work and the career and life choices of the men from the work-sharing couples study
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Part-time work and the career and life choices of the men from the work-sharing couples study
    2010 (Engelska)Ingår i: Equality, Diversity and Inclusion, ISSN 2040-7149, E-ISSN 2040-7157, Vol. 29, nr 6, s. 573-582Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose– This article outlines the longitudinal consequences for men who participated in the work‐sharing couples study which was a Norwegian, experimental research project in the early 1970s. The aim of the original project was to promote gender equality and a better work/life balance in families; the design involved both spouses working part‐time and sharing childcare and housework. This paper aims to present the results of a longitudinal follow‐up study of the participants in the work‐sharing couples study. In this paper the work‐sharing men's part‐time adaptations and the impact of the work‐sharing arrangement on their careers is the main focus.

    Design/methodology/approach– The original project had a small scale, interventionist design based on couples working part‐time and sharing childcare and housework; effects were documented by questionnaires and time diaries. In the follow‐up study 30 years later, retrospective life‐course couple interviews with the original participants were used. The current paper is based on an analysis of the couple interviews with a particular focus on the men's careers.

    Findings– Obtaining part‐time work was not difficult, and working part‐time was mostly uncomplicated for the men. Neither did their working part time for a substantial amount of time have negative career effects, and they were rather successful professionally. Their experiences as work sharers were mainly positively valued at their workplaces as adding to managerial skills. For those who did not have a managerial career, this was due to personal choice rather than any negative effect of working part‐time.

    Practical implications– Changing men's adaptations to work and care is high on the agenda in family research as well as in policy making and the findings from this study contributes to new knowledge which is of interest in research as well as policy making.Originality/value– The original project was unique internationally, and so is the longitudinal follow‐up of this experiment. The work‐sharing men's part‐time adaptations and the longitudinal impact on their careers provide new and contra‐intuitive insights into the question of men, work and family.

    Nyckelord
    Gender, Part time workers, Norway, Quality of life, Equal opportunities, Family life
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Genusstudier
    Forskningsämne
    Genusvetenskap
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-37927 (URN)10.1108/02610151011067513 (DOI)2-s2.0-84986081977 (Scopus ID)
    Tillgänglig från: 2014-10-23 Skapad: 2014-10-23 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-12-08Bibliografiskt granskad
    4. Fathers and sons: gender socialization and intergenerational transmission revisited
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Fathers and sons: gender socialization and intergenerational transmission revisited
    2009 (Engelska)Ingår i: Nordic Journal for Masculinity Studies (NORMA), ISSN 1890-2138, Vol. 4, nr 1, s. 84-102Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt) Published
    Abstract [en]

    This article, which employs a dyadic father-son approach, addresses the methodological and theoretical challenges involved in studying gender socialization and intergenerational transmission. The article is part of a longitudinal follow-up study of the Work-Sharing Couples Project, a small, experimental action research project for gender equality in the family in Norway during the first part of the 1970s; the project was designed to promote gender equality and a better work/life balance in families and was based on both spouses working part-time and sharing breadwinning, childcare and housework. The follow-up study was conducted by interviewing the original couples in 2005–2006. A sample of the sons of the work- sharing couples has also been interviewed as part of an ongoing follow-up study of intergenerational transmission. The background of the article consists of the findings so far relating to the fathers in the study: these findings provide little or no support for a model of father/son transmission; the work-sharing men did not refer to their own fathers as “role models”. Further, the father-son research design poses certain methodological, theoretical and ethical challenges which should be considered and weighed up against the possible analytical gains of this approach. Against the background of these concerns, a single father-son case is explored based on a couple interview with the parents and individual interviews with both the parents and the son. Based on analyzing this case, methodological and theoretical implications for the study of intergenerational transmission, boys’ socialization and the origin of masculinity/(ies) are discussed.

    Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
    Taylor & Francis Group, 2009
    Nyckelord
    gender socialization, intergenerational transmission, father-son, masculinity, gender equality
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Genusstudier
    Forskningsämne
    Genusvetenskap
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-37926 (URN)
    Tillgänglig från: 2014-10-23 Skapad: 2014-10-23 Senast uppdaterad: 2022-08-24Bibliografiskt granskad
    5. Like father, like sons?: the transmission of values, family practices and work-family adaptations to sons of work-sharing men
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Like father, like sons?: the transmission of values, family practices and work-family adaptations to sons of work-sharing men
    2010 (Engelska)Ingår i: Fathering: A Journal of Theory, Research, and Practice about Men as Fathers, ISSN 1537-6680, E-ISSN 1933-026X, Vol. 8, nr 3, s. 276-299Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Genusstudier
    Forskningsämne
    Genusvetenskap
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-37928 (URN)10.3149/fth.0803.276 (DOI)
    Tillgänglig från: 2014-10-23 Skapad: 2014-10-23 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-05Bibliografiskt granskad
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    Introductory chapter
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    Cover
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    Spikblad
  • 137.
    Bjørnholt, Margunn
    Department of Sociology and Human Geography, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.
    Norwegian work-sharing couples project 30 years later: revisiting an experimental research project forgender equality in the family2009Ingår i: Equality, Diversity and Inclusion, ISSN 2040-7149, E-ISSN 2040-7157, Vol. 28, nr 4, s. 304-323Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to outline the background as well as methodological and epistemological aspects to, and the effects of, a follow-up study 30 years later of the work-sharing couples project, which is a Norwegian, experimental research project in the early 1970s. The aim of the project is to promote gender equality and a better work/life balance in families. In this paper the variation in work-sharing and post work-sharing trajectories over the life-course is explored, mainly focusing on the impact of the work-sharing arrangement on the couples’ relations, their work/life balance and the well-being of participants, the core objectives of the original project.

    Design/methodology/approach – The original project has a small scale, interventionist design based on couples working part-time and sharing childcare and housework; effects on family life and gender equality are documented by questionnaires and time diaries. In the follow-up study, retrospective life-course couple interviews with the original participants are used.

    Findings – Revisiting the original project produced new insights into, the subversive and radical use of sex-role theory in early Norwegian family sociology as an instrument of changing gender relations. In the follow-up study, the high level of participation and the long duration of the arrangement would seem to qualify for a heightened level of expectation as to the effects of the experiment on the participants’ lives. A high proportion of the couples are still married, and the work-sharing arrangement has been regarded by the majority of participants to have had a positive impact on their marital relation, work/life balance and well-being.

    Practical implications – Insights gained from revisiting this project may prove fruitful when confronting contemporary dilemmas of work/life balance, as well as demographic and environmental challenges. Originality/value – The original project is unique internationally owing to its theoretically subversive, interventionist design and reformatory ambition. The longitudinal follow-up of the experiment is also unique in family research, and of great value for researchers into gender equality and the family.

  • 138.
    Bjørnholt, Margunn
    Department of Sociology and Human Geography, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.
    Part-time work and the career and life choices of the men from the work-sharing couples study2010Ingår i: Equality, Diversity and Inclusion, ISSN 2040-7149, E-ISSN 2040-7157, Vol. 29, nr 6, s. 573-582Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose– This article outlines the longitudinal consequences for men who participated in the work‐sharing couples study which was a Norwegian, experimental research project in the early 1970s. The aim of the original project was to promote gender equality and a better work/life balance in families; the design involved both spouses working part‐time and sharing childcare and housework. This paper aims to present the results of a longitudinal follow‐up study of the participants in the work‐sharing couples study. In this paper the work‐sharing men's part‐time adaptations and the impact of the work‐sharing arrangement on their careers is the main focus.

    Design/methodology/approach– The original project had a small scale, interventionist design based on couples working part‐time and sharing childcare and housework; effects were documented by questionnaires and time diaries. In the follow‐up study 30 years later, retrospective life‐course couple interviews with the original participants were used. The current paper is based on an analysis of the couple interviews with a particular focus on the men's careers.

    Findings– Obtaining part‐time work was not difficult, and working part‐time was mostly uncomplicated for the men. Neither did their working part time for a substantial amount of time have negative career effects, and they were rather successful professionally. Their experiences as work sharers were mainly positively valued at their workplaces as adding to managerial skills. For those who did not have a managerial career, this was due to personal choice rather than any negative effect of working part‐time.

    Practical implications– Changing men's adaptations to work and care is high on the agenda in family research as well as in policy making and the findings from this study contributes to new knowledge which is of interest in research as well as policy making.Originality/value– The original project was unique internationally, and so is the longitudinal follow‐up of this experiment. The work‐sharing men's part‐time adaptations and the longitudinal impact on their careers provide new and contra‐intuitive insights into the question of men, work and family.

  • 139.
    Blake, Vic
    et al.
    Nottingham, UK.
    Hearn, Jeff
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap. Hanken School of Economics, Helsinki, Finland; Department of Sociology, University of Huddersfield, Huddersfield, UK.
    Jackson, Barber
    Nottingham, UK.
    Johnson, Rickard
    Nottingham, UK.
    Luczynski, Zbyszek
    Nottingham, UK.
    Doing memory work with older men: the practicalities, the process, the potential2016Ingår i: Working with Older People, ISSN 1366-3666, E-ISSN 2042-8790, Vol. 20, nr 4, s. 209-213Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
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    fulltext
  • 140.
    Blake, Vic
    et al.
    Nottingham, UK.
    Hearn, Jeff
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap. Hanken School of Economics, Helsinki, Finland; University of Huddersfield, Huddersfield, UK.
    Jackson, David
    Nottingham, UK.
    Barber, Randy
    Nottingham, UK.
    Johnson, Richard
    Leicester, UK.
    Luczynski, Zbyszek
    Nottingham, UK.
    Ageing, gender politics and masculinities : Reflections on collective memory work with older men2018Ingår i: Working with Older People, ISSN 1366-3666, E-ISSN 2042-8790, Vol. 22, nr 2, s. 93-100Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to reflect on the process of participating in a long-term collective memory work group of older men, focusing on the making/unmaking of older men and masculinities, and the potential of memory work with older men.

    Design/methodology/approach: Participant review and reflection on collective memory work with a group of older men.

    Findings: Collective memory work provides a novel way to explore ageing, gendering, men, and masculinities. Its potential for working with older men is examined critically in relation to gender politics, power and (in)equalities, interconnections and contradictions of men’s ageing and gendering, the personal and the political, as well as working with older men more generally, including those in transition and crisis.

    Originality/value: There is little previous writing on this approach to ageing, men, and masculinities. The paper aims to stimulate wider applications of this approach.

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    AGEING, GENDER POLITICS AND MASCULINITIES: REFLECTIONS ON COLLECTIVE MEMORY WORK WITH OLDER MEN
  • 141. Blake, Vic
    et al.
    Hearn, Jeff
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Jackson, David
    Barber, Randy
    Johnson, Richard
    Luczynski, Zbyszek
    Collective memory work with older men: Ageing, gender politics and masculinities2021Ingår i: Reader Collective Memory-Work / [ed] R. Hamm, Sligo: Beltra Books , 2021, 1, s. 327-353Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Over a thirteen-year period, between 2002 and 2015, we were part of what we now call the Older Men’s Memory Work Group (hereafter the group). During our final three years together, we also collaboratively produced and edited a collective book, Men’s Stories for a Change: Ageing Men Remember (Barber et al., 2016; also Blake et al., 2016, 2018) – though it should be said, at the outset, that this was not at all part of our agenda until late in the initial process.Memory work is work on memories, usually though not necessarily collective, and usually also focused on and about some agreed issue(s) of concern. In our case, these memories were about the making and unmaking of older men and masculinities through age, ageing, gender, gendering, and other intersections. Indeed, from the very beginning the group was part of a personal-political project of changing older men and masculinities against patriarchal and sexist ways and relations, and towards feminist and profeminist ways and relations. Here, in this contribution, we first describe the practicalities and the process of our memory work before placing the method itself in its broader framework, and considering its potential for working with older people, and specifically with older men, and with certain implications for practice.

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    Free fulltext
  • 142.
    Blake, Vic
    et al.
    Nottingham, UK.
    Hearn, Jeff
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Luczynski, Zbyszek
    Nottingham, UK.
    Collective Memory Work with Older Men : Feminism, Experience and Reflection2016Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 143. Blake, Vic
    et al.
    Hearn, Jeff
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Luczynski, Zbyszek
    Barber, Randy
    Jackson, David
    Johnson, Richard
    Men's stories for a change: ageing men remember2016Bok (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Men’s Stories for a Change records and analyses stories written by a group of older men who met over thirteen years to share memories about ageing and masculinity. So here there are stories of love and sex, bodily change, crisis and disturbance, politics and power, struggles with violent feelings and action, work, sport, clothes, peeing, hair, and hairlessness. These men share a view of manhood, gender, and ageing that, while critical of dominant frames and inspired by feminist politics, is optimistic without underestimating the challenges of older age and old age, including the approach to the end of life. They see ageing as an opportunity for personal and social and, indeed, political change, for dealing with longstanding issues, especially around gender and power, and as a time of innovating too. This project aims to help, if only in some small way, in opening up these issues, freeing up in a profeminist direction the voices of other men individually or collectively, ageing or otherwise.

    The authors have all been involved in some kind of men’s anti-sexist, profeminist politics, and/or men’s personal development work, along with other personal and political activism in such arenas as anti-nuclear, anti-racism, green, left, socialist, and peace politics over the years. Using the methods of memory work, the writers are both subjects and objects; the text cuts across that division too. Similarly, this volume can be located in various traditions, genres, and forms of writing. This is a project that is both finished and unfinished.

  • 144.
    Boije, Michelle
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Vulvodyni och rädsla för brott: En kvantitativ studie om kvinnors underlivssmärta och rädsla för brott2020Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Enligt forskning har kvinnor en högre rädsla för brott än män. En förklaring är att kvinnors rädsla för sexuella brott ökar rädslan för alla typer av brott. Andra faktorer som har visat sig påverka rädsla för brott är fysisk och psykisk ohälsa. Dessa faktorer och teorin om att kvinnors rädsla för brott påverkas av rädsla för sexuella brott kan innebära att smärtsjukdomar som vulvodyni och vaginism som innebär svår smärta vid penetration och / eller beröring av slidan gör att kvinnor som lider av det kan uppleva en högre rädsla av brottslighet än andra kvinnor. Studiens syfte var att undersöka om vulvodyni har en inverkan på kvinnors rädsla för brott. Deltagarna bestod av 243 kvinnor (medelålder= 24,58, SD= 5,15) med (n=129) och utan (n=114) vulvodyni. Resultaten av studien indikerar att vulvodyni påverkar rädsla för brott och gör kvinnor som lider av den mer rädda för brott än de utan vulvodyni. Kvinnor med vulvodyni har också en högre rädsla för sexualbrott som våldtäkt och sexuella trakasserier. Vulvodyni visar på en unik association till rädsla för brott vid kontroll över andra variabler som tidigare forskning visat samband med rädsla för brott. Rädsla för sexualbrott visar också associationer med rädsla för andra brott hos kvinnor med och utan vulvodyni. Mer forskning om ämnet behövs för att se hur kvinnor med vulvodyni resonerar om sin rädsla för brott.

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    fulltext
  • 145.
    Bouvier, Gwen
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Discourse in clothing: the social semiotics of modesty and chic in hijab fashion2016Ingår i: Gender and Language, ISSN 1747-6321, E-ISSN 1747-633X, Vol. 10, nr 3, s. 364-385Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    While there have been debates within gender studies on the gendering of the body and of the gendered nature of clothing, this paper shows that multimodality, with its attention to the finer details of communication, can provide a way to help us to think more carefully about how fashion communicates ideas and identities through textile affordances such as form, texture, weight, durability, colour, etc. Taking hijab fashion in Egypt as a case in point, a multimodal approach is able to reveal how Muslim women use clothing to communicate a number of different discourses simultaneously. These include modesty, religious identity and tradition, on the one hand, and freedom, confidence and modernity, on the other. This analysis allows us both to problematise the monolithic representations of Islamic clothing usually found in Western media, and also to think more carefully about the ways in which clothing both constrains and enables women’s agency.

  • 146.
    Bouvier, Gwen
    et al.
    Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China.
    Chen, Ariel
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    The gendering of healthy diets: a multimodal discourse study of food packages marketed at men and women2021Ingår i: Gender and Language, ISSN 1747-6321, E-ISSN 1747-633X, Vol. 15, nr 3, s. 347-368Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Gendered identities are communicated in places as frequent and ordinary as food packaging, becoming mundane features of everyday life as they sit on supermarket shelves, in cupboards and on office desks. Multimodal critical discourse analysis (MCDA) allows us to investigate how such identities are buried in packaging in relation to health and fitness. Despite observed broader changes in gendered representations of the body in advertising, in particular relating to the arrival of 'power femininity', the products analysed in this article are found to carry fairly traditional and prototypical gender representations, and products marketed at both men and women highlight the need for more precise body management. For women, however, this precision is related to managing the demands of everyday life, packaged as a moral imperative to be healthy, responsible and successful.

  • 147.
    Brunnberg, Elinor
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Are boys and girls treated in the same way by the social services?2002Ingår i: Gender in social work: promoting equality / [ed] Christine Gruber, Helga Stefanov, Lyme Regis: Russell House , 2002, s. 119-131Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 148.
    Brunnberg, Elinor
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Are boys and girls treated in the same way by the social services?2001Ingår i: Gender - Aspekte in der sozialen Arbeit / [ed] Christine Gruber, Elfriede Fröschl, Wien: Czernin , 2001, s. 329-348Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 149.
    Brunnberg, Elinor
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för beteende-, social- och rättsvetenskap.
    Linden Boström, Margareta
    Örebro universitet, Hälsoakademin.
    Berglund, Mats
    Tinnitus and hearing loss in 15-16-year-old students: mental health symptoms, substance use, and exposure in school2008Ingår i: International Journal of Audiology, ISSN 1499-2027, E-ISSN 1708-8186, Vol. 47, nr 11, s. 688-694Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The current study assessed the responses from a survey titled ”Life and Health – Young People 2005”, completed by 2.878 15-16 year-old adolescents in mainstream schools in the county of Örebro, Sweden. Thirty-nine percent of students with hearing loss (slight, mild, or moderate) and 6% of students with normal hearing reported tinnitus often or always during the past three months. Almost no gender difference was observed among students with normal hearing reporting tinnitus (boys 6.3%, girls 5.6%); however, a gender difference was noticed among hard-of-hearing (HH) students (boys 50%, girls 28%). Adolescents with both hearing loss and tinnitus reported considerably higher scores for mental symptoms, substance use, and school problems than other students. Anxiety in the past three months, male gender, and alcohol consumption in the past year were associated with tinnitus in HH students; irritation and anxiety in the past three months, disability, use of illicit drugs, and truancy predicted tinnitus in the normal hearing group. Consequently, students with a hearing loss and tinnitus are at high risk and should be monitored for subsequent problems.

  • 150.
    Bruno, Linnéa
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Strid, Sofia
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Hoppet i mobilisering och arbete2021Ingår i: Tidskrift för Genusvetenskap, ISSN 1654-5443, E-ISSN 2001-1377, Vol. 41, nr 4, s. 130-133Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
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