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  • 1451. von der Fehr, Drude
    et al.
    Rosenbeck, BenteJónasdóttir, Anna G.Örebro universitet, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Is there a Nordic feminism?: Nordic feminist thought on culture and society1998Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 1452.
    Wadensten, Barbro
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Hälsoakademin.
    Engholm, Rosa
    Örebro universitet, Hälsoakademin.
    Fahlström, Gunilla
    Örebro universitet, Hälsoakademin.
    Hägglund, Doris
    Örebro universitet, Hälsoakademin.
    Nursing staff's description of a good encounter in nursing homes2009Ingår i: International Journal of Older People Nursing, ISSN 1748-3735, E-ISSN 1748-3743, Vol. 4, nr 3, s. 203-210Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background. It has been stated that there is too little research on what constitutes good communication and good encounters in nursing homes.

    Aim and objectives. The aim of the present study was to examine nursing staff members’ views on what is important in caring encounters with older people living in nursing homes.

    Design. A qualitative descriptive study using focus group interviews with staff in a nursing home in Sweden.

    Method. Focus group interviews, analysed using qualitative content analysis.

    Results. Three main themes emerged describing nursing staff members’ opinions about the content of good encounters: ‘Caring encounters from the perspective of equality’, ‘Caring encounters from the perspective of integrity’ and ‘Caring encounters from the perspective of promoting security’.

    Conclusions. The nursing staff had theoretical knowledge of what constitutes a good caring encounter, but they seemed to need more supervision and training to develop their ways of encountering older people as well as to become stronger in their professional role. When performing such training with staff, the methodology of appreciative inquiry could be a powerful tool.

    Relevance to clinical practice. It is important to help staff become empowered and to help them develop and improve their encounters with older care recipients.

  • 1453.
    Walby, Sylvia
    et al.
    NESCO Chair in Gender Research, Sociology, Lancaster University, Lancaster, UK.
    Olive, Philipa
    Lancaster University, Lancaster, UK.
    Towers, Jude
    Lancaster University, Lancaster, UK.
    Francis, Brian
    Lancaster University, Lancaster, UK.
    Strid, Sofia
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Krizsán, Andrea
    Centre for Policy Studies, Central European University, Budapest, Hungary.
    Lombardo, Emanuela
    Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Madrid, Spain.
    May-Chahal, Corinne
    Lancaster University, Lancaster, UK.
    Franzway, Suzanne
    Sociology & Gender Studies, University of South Australia, Adelaide, Australia.
    Sugarman, David
    Lancaster University, Lancaster, UK.
    Agarwal, Bina
    University of Delhi, Delhi, India; University of Manchester, Manchester, UK.
    Overview of the worldwide best practices for rape prevention and for assisting women victims of rape2013Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 1454.
    Walby, Sylvia
    et al.
    Lancaster University, Lancaster, UK.
    Towers, Jude
    Lancaster University, Lancaster, UK.
    Balderston, Susie
    Lancaster University, Lancaster, UK.
    Corradi, Consuelo
    Lumsa University, Rome, Italy.
    Francis, Brian
    Lancaster University, Lancaster, UK.
    Heiskanen, Markku
    University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.
    Helweg-Larsen, Karin
    University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Mergaert, Lut
    Yellow Window, Antwerp, Belgium.
    Olive, Philippa
    University of Central Lancashire, Preston, UK.
    Palmer, Emma
    Lancaster University, Lancaster, UK.
    Stöckl, Heidi
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK.
    Strid, Sofia
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    The concept and measurement of violence against women and men2017Bok (Refereegranskat)
  • 1455.
    Wallroth, Veronika
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Adult Sons Perceptions of Care2016Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    From a study, with face-to-face interviews with 19 caregiving men that provides care for an elderly parents or in-law, this presentation will bring attention to men’s perceptions of care and caregiving. The literature on family caregiving as well as the theoretical debate on the concept of care, has focused almost exclusively on women. This focus has meant that although gender analysis are not uncommon in the literature in question, gender tends to be equated with womanhood. This because women are assumed to engage in more care work than men and that women are seen as natural care providers. This means that women’s experiences and definitions of care work have guided much gerontological scholarship, and have provided the standards against which men’s experiences are compared. However, the men interviewed in this study emphasizes that caregiving is natural and that caregiving is a part of their personality. Some of them stressed also that they felt that the ability to provide care comes natural to them and is a part of their identity even if they acknowledged that caregiving and manhood are not considered to be synonymous. Several of the interviewed men also connect their caregiving responsibility to the experience of being fathers. They stressed that being able to respond to someone’s care needs is not something that only women can do. This suggests that while being a caregiver is a part of these caregiving men’s identity, this does not only challenge gender and masculinity norms, it also challenges the norms of caregiving.

  • 1456.
    Wallroth, Veronika
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete. NISAL - Nationella institutet för forskning om äldre och åldrande, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, Sweden.
    Men do care!: A gender-aware and masculinity-informed contribution to caregiving scholarship2016Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    I omsorgslitteraturen är det ofta kvinnor som är i fokus, och i synnerhet för att synliggöra kvinnors obetalda omsorgsarbete. Omsorgsstudier tenderar också att göra jämförelser mellan män och kvinnor där mäns omsorgserfarenheter används för att påvisa kvinnors tyngre börda samtidigt som mäns omsorgsbehov kan ges lägre betydelse. Detta innebär att även om genusanalyser inte är ovanliga inom omsorgslitteraturen så finns en benägenhet att genus likställs med kvinnors erfarenheter. Detta innebär att omsorgslitteraturen kännetecknas av en genusbias som hindrar vidareutvecklingen av debatten om omsorg och omsorgsgivande. Syftet med avhandlingen är därför tvåfaldig. För det första ämnar denna studie att bidra till att problematisera det genusbias som finns inom omsorgsforskning. Detta genom att fokusera på män som ger omsorg och svara på följande frågeställningar: Vad motiverar män att ge omsorg till  sina gamla föräldrar? Hur upplever vuxna söner och svärsöner omsorgssituationen? Vad anser vuxna söner och svärsöner att omsorg är dvs. vad är deras perspektiv på omsorg? För det andra, syftar denna avhandling till att undersöka om ett genus- och maskulinitetsmedvetet perspektiv kan användas för att vidga omsorgsforskningens förståelse av omsorg. Avhandlingen använder sig av en fenomenologisk ansats för att analysera intervjuer med 19 vuxna söner och svärsöner som ger omsorg till sina äldre anhöriga. Deras berättelser visar att motiv, erfarenheter och perspektiv på omsorg, som hittills tolkats som unika för kvinnor, också är aspekter som män talar om och tycker är viktiga i omsorgsgivande. Således visar analyserna i denna avhandling att ett genus och maskulinitetsmedvetet perspektiv på omsorg och omsorgsgivande kan bidra till en ökad kunskap inom omsorgsforskningen, men inte bara när det gäller att ifrågasätta det genusbias som finns utan också för att omsorgsgivande män har en del att bidra med till omsorgsdebatten. Avhandlingen argumenterar nämligen för att omsorgsgivande män inte bara bör betraktas som empiriskt intressanta. Deras föreställningar, erfarenheter och perspektiv erbjuder också möjligheter för teoriutveckling inom omsorgsforskningen.

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  • 1457.
    Wallroth, Veronika
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Män som ger omsorg till äldre närstående – hur de ser på omsorg och sitt omsorgsgivande2018Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 1458.
    Wallroth, Veronika
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Varför ses inte män som riktiga omsorgsgivare?2017Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 1459.
    Walter, Ute
    Örebro universitet, Restaurang- och hotellhögskolan - Grythytte akademi.
    Case 9:1: Kockar som företagare2010Ingår i: Värdskap: inom turism och resande / [ed] Monica Hanefors [författare], Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2010, s. 78-81Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 1460.
    Walter, Ute
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för restaurang- och måltidskunskap.
    Konstnärer och "kokkonstnärer" som företagare2007Ingår i: Den medvetna måltidskunskapen: en vänbok till Inga-Britt Gustafsson / [ed] Richard Tellström, Lena Mossberg, Inger M. Jonsson, Örebro: Örebro universitet , 2007, s. 217-223Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 1461.
    Walter, Ute
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Restaurang- och hotellhögskolan - Grythytte akademi.
    Edvardsson, Bo
    Karlstad university, Karlstad, Sweden.
    The physical environment as a driver of customers' service experiences at restaurants2012Ingår i: International Journal of Quality and Service Sciences, ISSN 1756-669X, E-ISSN 1756-6703, Vol. 4, nr 2, s. 104-119Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this study is to analyze and describe the drivers in the physical environment that help to form customers' service experiences at restaurants, as described by customers in their own words.

    Design/methodology/approach – A critical incident study was conducted through 122 interviews resulting in a total of 195 favourable and unfavourable customer service experiences in restaurants. Data were analysed inductively in accordance with the principles of constant comparison and the results were interpreted by regarding customers as creators of their own meaning.

    Findings – The physical environment has both a functional and a social dimension and it is an important driver of customer service experiences in restaurants. Customers interact with these drivers individually and create their own meanings and value expressed as feelings, thoughts, imagination and behaviour.

    Research limitations/implications – The results develop the tenets of service-dominant logic by offering some insight into customers' own logic in value creation and the design of the physical restaurant environment.

    Practical implications – Customers actively construct their own individual meanings from the physical environment, throughout the whole service process, indicating that the customer service experience is not controlled solely by restaurant management. As some drivers are only experienced in their absence or when they are noticeably disturbing or pleasing, it is important for managers to understand these dimensions in order to treat them appropriately. Both favourable and unfavourable service experiences need to be considered.

    Originality/value – The physical environment can be described as a dynamic driver which includes a social dimension and customers are regarded as active creators of their own experience.

  • 1462.
    Walter, Ute
    et al.
    Umeå University School of Culinary Arts, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Edvardsson, Bo
    Service Research Center, Karlstad University, Karlstad, Sweden.
    The role of the physical Environment as a driver of restaurant customers’ service experiences2012Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 1463.
    Walter, Ute
    et al.
    School of Restaurant and Culinary Arts, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Jonsson, Inger M.
    Örebro universitet, Restaurang- och hotellhögskolan. School of Restaurant and Culinary Arts, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Sundqvist, Joachim
    School of Restaurant and Culinary Arts, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Eating out: a study of visitors’ value creating activities related to food and meals2015Ingår i: Tourism engagement: co-creating well-being: Proceedings of the 6th Advances in Tourism Marketing Conference, Joensuu, Finland, 8.-10.9.2015 / [ed] Juho Pesonen, Raija Komppula, Joensu: University of Eastern Finland , 2015, s. 327-329Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 1464.
    Walter, Ute
    et al.
    School of Restaurant and Culinary Arts, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Jonsson, Inger M.
    Örebro universitet, Restaurang- och hotellhögskolan. School of Restaurant and Culinary Arts, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Sundqvist, Joachim
    School of Restaurant and Culinary Arts, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Eating out: a study of visitors’ value creating activities related to food and meals2015Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Restaurant experiences are an important part of a destination’s service offer and restaurants play an important role for visitors’ well-being. High quality of food is essential, but feeling welcome, meeting skillful employees and enjoying the atmosphere are likewise important. Visitors’ experiences related to eating out are multifaceted and could be related to many aspects such as traveling for leisure or in business, meals as social and cultural events and eating out as an urban experience.

    This project aims to regard the customer as a person who actively integrates different opportunities in order to create value in a specific context, a customer-dominant-view.

    The purpose of this project is to examine drivers of business travellers’ resource integrating activities during their stay at a destination with a special focus on eating out.

    Methodological an ethnographical inspired field study approach will be applied, in dialogue with a multidisciplinary research group and representatives from the industry.

    The results will illustrate customers’ value creation and resource integration processes related to eating out activities, and give a holistic understanding of visitors’ drivers, interactions and activities regarding eating out. The results will contribute to the development of companies as well as destinations with regard to eating out and meals.

  • 1465.
    Watz, Birgitta
    Örebro universitet, Restaurang- och hotellhögskolan - Grythytte akademi.
    Måltidens helhet: en framtida kulturspillra?2007Ingår i: Den medvetna måltidskunskapen: en vänbok till Inga-Britt Gustafsson / [ed] Richard Tellström, Lena Mossberg, Inger M. Jonsson, Örebro: Örebro universitet , 2007, s. 225-228Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 1466.
    Watz, Birgitta
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för restaurang- och måltidskunskap.
    Om absolut gehör i köket2005Ingår i: Hörsel och lyssnande: ett seminarium om människans hörselsinne, dess funktion och betydelse, januari 2004 / [ed] Lisbeth Axelsson, Örebro: Örebro universitetsbibliotek , 2005, s. 33-37Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 1467.
    Watz, Birgitta
    Örebro universitet, Restaurang- och hotellhögskolan - Grythytte akademi.
    Synmåltiden som visuell forskning2007Ingår i: Att se, tänka och tolka: dokumentation av seminarium om människans synsinne / [ed] Birgitta Borg, Örebro: Örebro universitet , 2007, s. 39-41Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 1468.
    Watz, Birgitta
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Restaurang- och hotellhögskolan - Grythytte akademi.
    Johansson, Jesper
    Örebro universitet, Restaurang- och hotellhögskolan - Grythytte akademi.
    Sprött känns sprödare än spröd2009Ingår i: Att känna, skapa och tolka: ett seminarium om människans känselsinne [september 2007] / [ed] Marieanne Alsne, Erik Borg, Inga-Britt Gustafsson, Örebro: Örebro universitet , 2009, s. 41-62Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 1469.
    Watz, Birgitta
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Restaurang- och hotellhögskolan - Grythytte akademi.
    Johansson, Jesper
    Örebro universitet, Restaurang- och hotellhögskolan - Grythytte akademi.
    Öga mot öga med måltidens middag på kalastorget2007Ingår i: Att se, tänka och tolka: dokumentation av seminarium om människans synsinne / [ed] Birgitta Borg, Örebro: Örebro universitet , 2007, s. 43-47Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 1470. Webb, Louisa
    et al.
    Quennerstedt, Mikael
    Örebro universitet, Hälsoakademin.
    Öhman, Marie
    Örebro universitet, Hälsoakademin.
    Healthy bodies: construction of the body and health in physical education2008Ingår i: Sport, Education and Society, ISSN 1357-3322, E-ISSN 1470-1243, Vol. 13, nr 4, s. 353-372Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In physical education, bodies are not only moved but made. There are perceived expectations for bodies in physical education to be ‘healthy bodies’*for teachers to be ‘appropriate’ physical, fit, healthy and skilful ‘role models’ and for students to display a slim body that is equated with fitness and health. In teachers’ monitoring of students with the intention of regulating health behaviour, however, the surveillance of students’ bodies and associated assumptions about health practices are implicated in the (re)production of the ‘cult of the body’. In this paper, we consider issues of embodiment and power in a subject area where the visual and active body is central and we use data from Australian and Swedish schools to analyse the discourses of health and embodiment in physical education. In both Swedish and Australian physical education there were discourses related to a fit healthy body and an at risk healthy body. These discourses also acted through a range of techniques of power, particularly regulation and normalisation.

  • 1471.
    Weitman, Hanna
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för beteende-, social- och rättsvetenskap.
    Lövstrand, Anna
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för beteende-, social- och rättsvetenskap.
    Mot något nytt: Ett riktigt arbete för personer med utvecklingsstörning2008Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats
    Abstract [sv]

    Det övergripande syftet med denna uppsats är att beskriva och förstå den viljeinriktning som präglar en privat daglig verksamhet för personer med utvecklingsstörning utifrån olika utsa-gor från handledare och deltagare. Vi har i vår studie utgått från två olika sätt att tänka angå-ende stödet till personer med utvecklingsstörning. Vi anger dessa skilda viljeinriktningar som det linjära och det cirkulära tänkandet. Resultatet analyseras utifrån Bradleys modell i svensk översättning av Jönsson (1995) Misa AB. Sex respondenter intervjuades, tre handledare och tre deltagare, varav två män och fyra kvinnor. Frågorna som ställdes var av öppen karaktär och indelade i för deltagarna fyra frågeområden och för handledarna sex frågeområden. Re-sultatet redovisades i tre avsnitt, verksamheten, delaktigheten och framtiden. Beträffande verksamheten visar resultatet att såväl deltagare som handledare befinner sig i en verksam-het som de känner mer tillfredsställelse med jämfört med de verksamheter som de befunnit sig i tidigare. När det gäller delaktigheten har den privata verksamheten närmat sig WHO:s internationella klassifikationssystem (ICF), där utgångspunkten är hälsa och fokus sätts på vad personen har för förmågor och vad denne kan klara av. I avsnittet som handlar om fram-tiden ser vi att en av deltagarna har en strävan att komma ut på den reguljära arbetsmarkna-den längre fram i livet. En av deltagarna är nöjd med sitt arbete på den privata dagliga verk-samheten medan den tredje tror att hon kommer att bli kvar i den privata dagliga verksamhe-ten men hennes dröm är att få möjlighet att turnera med teateruppsättningar i landet. Hand-ledarna vill på sikt expandera och på så sätt kunna erbjuda deltagarna att välja ett specifikt område att arbeta med, exempelvis dans, sömnad eller teater. De tror och hoppas även att en del av deltagarna ska gå vidare till, i första hand en individuell plats, men de ser även att vissa deltagare har potential att få ett arbete på den reguljära arbetsmarknaden. Slutsatsen är att den privata verksamheten ligger i ett slags temporärt mellanläge mellan de två viljein-riktningarna, linjärt och cirkulärt tänkande.

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 1472.
    Wellton, Lotte
    Örebro universitet, Restaurang- och hotellhögskolan.
    Improved Meal Offerings in Tourist Destinations Provided by Professional Practitioners2015Licentiatavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Restaurants are central to the growth of a tourist destination, and rural, small-restaurant owners/managers are important actors in the development of attractive meal offerings. There is a lack of research scrutinising the skills and knowledge that may contribute to the growth of small-sized restaurant businesses. There are specific conditions of daily work in the restaurant and in the hospitality industry overall, and these are also relative to seasonal conditions in tourist destinations. In this licentiate thesis, the overall aim is to elucidate the specific conditions of small restaurant owners in a seasonal tourist destination and the making of their meal offerings. This paper explores the complexity of daily work in the restaurant business using an ethnographically inspired method applying an insider perspective. The complementing research methods used were interviews, fieldwork, repeated field visits and a short survey. The insider perspective is a challenging research method in itself but helpful for detecting the daily practice, organisation, and routines of the informants and their personnel, as well as for indicating the impact of workload on the informants’ lives. The study was carried out with eleven owners of eight eight small-scale rural restaurants, four with attached lodgings, and two managers in one urban restaurant/hotel. The results of the study show that the offering of a restaurant meal is dependent upon the multitude and variation of the culinary as well as hospitality competence of the practitioners, and the complexity of restaurant work has to be matched with a proactive daily practice. Use of time, reflectivity, and the need for professionalism is in focus.

    Delarbeten
    1. Restaurant race and seasonal stress: the double impact on workload
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Restaurant race and seasonal stress: the double impact on workload
    (Engelska)Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism, ISSN 1502-2250, E-ISSN 1502-2269Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Submitted
    Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
    Routledge
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Annan samhällsvetenskap
    Forskningsämne
    Måltidskunskap
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-45638 (URN)
    Tillgänglig från: 2015-08-25 Skapad: 2015-08-25 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-04Bibliografiskt granskad
    2. Professionalization of practitioners in rural restaurants
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Professionalization of practitioners in rural restaurants
    (Engelska)Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism, ISSN 1502-2250, E-ISSN 1502-2269Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Submitted
    Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
    Routledge
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Annan samhällsvetenskap
    Forskningsämne
    Måltidskunskap
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-45639 (URN)
    Tillgänglig från: 2015-08-25 Skapad: 2015-08-25 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-04Bibliografiskt granskad
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Thesis
  • 1473.
    Wellton, Lotte
    Örebro universitet, Restaurang- och hotellhögskolan.
    Making Meals in Restaurants: Daily Practices and Professional Ideals2017Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Thanks to the gastronomic development in recent decades in Sweden, the restaurant industry is growing significantly and has opportunities to attract new and wider groups of labour. However, despite media images of successful chefs and culinary creativity, there is a common perception of tiring working conditions and low wages that prevent restaurants from attracting staff.

    The overall aim of this thesis is to elucidate how professionalism is done and reproduced inside the restaurant industry by means of practice theory and the Five Aspects Meal Model. By an empirically grounded understanding of daily practices in small restaurants the thesis will show and explain how professionalism including leadership, is formed and understood among restaurant practitioners. Additionally by conceptualizing professionalism in restaurant work the thesis will provide a solid basis for the discussion of how knowledge transfer in the restaurant industry can develop. The scientific methods used in two studies were qualitative: interviews with owners/managers/head chefs of small restaurants in a tourist resort and in four major cities in Sweden, and indepth workplace observations including talks with the owners/managers/head chefs and their staff.

    The results show how daily work in restaurants contain conflicting practices, such as timeconsuming workload and slow knowledge growth together with lack of control and planning that collide with expectations of creativity and development. Leadership in restaurant kitchens is dependent on knowledge of materiality and ability to show and guide staff as well as having overview and foresight in the daily work. The results also suggests that professionalism in the industry entails practices of mastering the materiality, observant management and, time use including loyal perseverance. The thesis contributes to an indepth discussion of professionalism in restaurants and the industry’s ability to develop time-use, leadership, and new ways of learning, in order to attract and retain staff.

    Delarbeten
    1. Restaurant practices: time, planning, knowledge and dreams
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Restaurant practices: time, planning, knowledge and dreams
    2017 (Engelska)Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism, ISSN 1502-2250, E-ISSN 1502-2269, Vol. 17, nr 3, s. 297-311Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
    Abstract [en]

    This paper contributes to research on restaurant work, which plays an important role in culinary arts research. The aim of this study was to make visible and elucidate the daily work practices in eight small restaurants in a seasonal tourist destination on the Southeast coast of Sweden. The central methods used were observations and participant observations and interviews, along with an e-mail questionnaire and examination of published information concerning all the restaurants. By means of practice theory, three central elements were used to identify and understand the configuration of the activities involved in daily work in small seasonal restaurants. These three elements, knowledge/competence, technologies/materiality and creation of meaning, formed four practices. The practices identified in this study were managing time and seasons; planning, strategising and controlling; knowing and having skills; and dreams and lifestyle. The conclusion of the study indicates that small restaurant practices may be conflicting, as they involve an extremely time-consuming workload, vague planning and lingering knowledge growth in contrast to the ideas of creativity and development that are a part of the restaurant owners’ dreams and lifestyle.

    Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
    Taylor & Francis, 2017
    Nyckelord
    Small restaurants, practice theory, lifestyle, seasonality, culinary arts
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Tvärvetenskapliga studier inom samhällsvetenskap Sociologi
    Forskningsämne
    Måltidskunskap
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-50954 (URN)10.1080/15022250.2016.1176951 (DOI)000404855300005 ()2-s2.0-84974827629 (Scopus ID)
    Anmärkning

    Funding Agency:

    Swedish Tourism & Hospitality Industry 

    Tillgänglig från: 2016-06-20 Skapad: 2016-06-20 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-03-06Bibliografiskt granskad
    2. Making Meals in Small Seasonal Restaurants
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Making Meals in Small Seasonal Restaurants
    2018 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of Culinary Science & Technology, ISSN 1542-8052, E-ISSN 1542-8044, Vol. 16, nr 1, s. 1-17Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Since restaurateurs can benefit by analyzing the production of meals, particularly with the dominant framework for meal experiences, the five aspects meal model (FAMM), this study examined FAMM’s relevance as an analytical tool for understanding meal production via field observations and interviews in eight small restaurants in a rural destination in Sweden. Results showed that FAMM’s aspect of the management control system and the factor of time are critical to the entire meal production process in restaurants. This article closes with a discussion of FAMM’s usefulness as a qualitative checklist for restaurateurs.

    Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
    Taylor & Francis Group, 2018
    Nyckelord
    Insider perspective, management control system, the five aspects meal model, time use, tourist destinations
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Tvärvetenskapliga studier inom samhällsvetenskap
    Forskningsämne
    Måltidskunskap
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-53312 (URN)10.1080/15428052.2016.1242445 (DOI)000433047200001 ()2-s2.0-84992315736 (Scopus ID)
    Anmärkning

    Funding Agency:

    Research & Development Fund of the Swedish Tourism & Hospitality Industry

    Tillgänglig från: 2016-10-27 Skapad: 2016-10-27 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-12-11Bibliografiskt granskad
    3. “Just trained to be a chef, not a leader”: A study of head chef practices
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>“Just trained to be a chef, not a leader”: A study of head chef practices
    2019 (Engelska)Ingår i: International Journal of Hospitality & Tourism Administration, ISSN 1525-6480, E-ISSN 1525-6499, Vol. 20, nr 4, s. 400-422Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Hierarchical manners and taxing work complicate the picture of the restaurant industry, a sector in great need of personnel. There is little scientific research on daily work in restaurants. Through interviews and observations in restaurant kitchens, three head chef practices were detected: “Master the materiality” is a stipulation for leading kitchens, but does not imply leadership aspirations; “show and guide” is teambuilding through which standards are reinforced by the presence of leaders while allowing coworkers some freedom; and “overview and foresight” involves nonhierarchical supervision by head chefs during service. These practices make sense to head chefs as they enhance product quality and their reputations as professionals. The study points to a horizontal leadership in the restaurant industry and a possible new order for growth and development.

    Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
    Routledge, 2019
    Nyckelord
    Restaurants, practice theory, “interview to the double”, leadership, craft knowledge
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Tvärvetenskapliga studier inom samhällsvetenskap
    Forskningsämne
    Måltidskunskap
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-62655 (URN)10.1080/15256480.2017.1397584 (DOI)000492991800002 ()2-s2.0-85034059417 (Scopus ID)
    Tillgänglig från: 2017-11-17 Skapad: 2017-11-17 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-11-15Bibliografiskt granskad
    4. ‘We are service people and we stay until the job is done’: Enactments of Professionalism in Restaurants and the Role of Workplace Training
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>‘We are service people and we stay until the job is done’: Enactments of Professionalism in Restaurants and the Role of Workplace Training
    (Engelska)Manuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Tvärvetenskapliga studier inom samhällsvetenskap
    Forskningsämne
    Måltidskunskap
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-62656 (URN)
    Tillgänglig från: 2017-11-17 Skapad: 2017-11-17 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-01-13Bibliografiskt granskad
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Making Meals in Restaurants: Daily Practices and Professional Ideals
    Ladda ner (png)
    presentationsbild
    Ladda ner (pdf)
    Cover
    Ladda ner (pdf)
    Spikblad
  • 1474.
    Wellton, Lotte
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Restaurang- och hotellhögskolan.
    Jonsson, Inger M
    Örebro universitet, Restaurang- och hotellhögskolan.
    Svingstedt, Anette
    Department of Service Management, Lund University–Helsingborg, Helsingborg, Sweden.
    “Just trained to be a chef, not a leader”: A study of head chef practices2019Ingår i: International Journal of Hospitality & Tourism Administration, ISSN 1525-6480, E-ISSN 1525-6499, Vol. 20, nr 4, s. 400-422Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Hierarchical manners and taxing work complicate the picture of the restaurant industry, a sector in great need of personnel. There is little scientific research on daily work in restaurants. Through interviews and observations in restaurant kitchens, three head chef practices were detected: “Master the materiality” is a stipulation for leading kitchens, but does not imply leadership aspirations; “show and guide” is teambuilding through which standards are reinforced by the presence of leaders while allowing coworkers some freedom; and “overview and foresight” involves nonhierarchical supervision by head chefs during service. These practices make sense to head chefs as they enhance product quality and their reputations as professionals. The study points to a horizontal leadership in the restaurant industry and a possible new order for growth and development.

  • 1475.
    Wellton, Lotte
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Restaurang- och hotellhögskolan.
    Jonsson, Inger M.
    Örebro universitet, Restaurang- och hotellhögskolan.
    Svingstedt, Anette
    Lunds universitet.
    ‘We are service people and we stay until the job is done’: Enactments of Professionalism in Restaurants and the Role of Workplace TrainingManuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 1476.
    Wellton, Lotte
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Restaurang- och hotellhögskolan.
    Jonsson, Inger M.
    Örebro universitet, Restaurang- och hotellhögskolan.
    Walter, Ute
    Umeå University School of Culinary Arts, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Culinary collisions: the vision of local food use collides with daily restaurant practice2016Ingår i: Food Tourism and Regional Development: Networks, products and trajectories / [ed] C Michael Hall & Stefan Gössling, New York, NY: Routledge, 2016, s. 273-284Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 1477.
    Wellton, Lotte
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Restaurang- och hotellhögskolan.
    Jonsson, Inger M
    Örebro universitet, Restaurang- och hotellhögskolan.
    Walter, Ute
    School of Restaurant and Culinary Arts, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Making Meals in Small Seasonal Restaurants2018Ingår i: Journal of Culinary Science & Technology, ISSN 1542-8052, E-ISSN 1542-8044, Vol. 16, nr 1, s. 1-17Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Since restaurateurs can benefit by analyzing the production of meals, particularly with the dominant framework for meal experiences, the five aspects meal model (FAMM), this study examined FAMM’s relevance as an analytical tool for understanding meal production via field observations and interviews in eight small restaurants in a rural destination in Sweden. Results showed that FAMM’s aspect of the management control system and the factor of time are critical to the entire meal production process in restaurants. This article closes with a discussion of FAMM’s usefulness as a qualitative checklist for restaurateurs.

  • 1478.
    Wellton, Lotte
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Restaurang- och hotellhögskolan.
    Jonsson, Inger M
    Örebro universitet, Restaurang- och hotellhögskolan.
    Walter, Ute
    Umeå universitet.
    Professionalization of practitioners in rural restaurantsIngår i: Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism, ISSN 1502-2250, E-ISSN 1502-2269Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 1479.
    Wellton, Lotte
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Restaurang- och hotellhögskolan.
    Jonsson, Inger M
    Örebro universitet, Restaurang- och hotellhögskolan.
    Walter, Ute
    Umeå universitet.
    Restaurant race and seasonal stress: the double impact on workloadIngår i: Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism, ISSN 1502-2250, E-ISSN 1502-2269Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 1480.
    Wellton, Lotte
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Restaurang- och hotellhögskolan.
    Jonsson, Inger M.
    Örebro universitet, Restaurang- och hotellhögskolan.
    Walter, Ute
    Umeå University School of Culinary Arts, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Svingstedt, Anette
    Department of Service Management and Service Studies, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Restaurant practices: time, planning, knowledge and dreams2017Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism, ISSN 1502-2250, E-ISSN 1502-2269, Vol. 17, nr 3, s. 297-311Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper contributes to research on restaurant work, which plays an important role in culinary arts research. The aim of this study was to make visible and elucidate the daily work practices in eight small restaurants in a seasonal tourist destination on the Southeast coast of Sweden. The central methods used were observations and participant observations and interviews, along with an e-mail questionnaire and examination of published information concerning all the restaurants. By means of practice theory, three central elements were used to identify and understand the configuration of the activities involved in daily work in small seasonal restaurants. These three elements, knowledge/competence, technologies/materiality and creation of meaning, formed four practices. The practices identified in this study were managing time and seasons; planning, strategising and controlling; knowing and having skills; and dreams and lifestyle. The conclusion of the study indicates that small restaurant practices may be conflicting, as they involve an extremely time-consuming workload, vague planning and lingering knowledge growth in contrast to the ideas of creativity and development that are a part of the restaurant owners’ dreams and lifestyle.

  • 1481.
    Werner, Ann
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Kalmar, Sweden.
    Hoffart, Amund Rake
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Lundberg, Anna
    Linköpings University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Økland, Jorunn
    Norwegian Institute at Athens, Athens, Greece .
    Constructing Terminology and Defining Concepts for Gender Studies in Norway and Sweden2018Ingår i: NORA: Nordic Journal of Feminist and Gender Research, ISSN 0803-8740, E-ISSN 1502-394X, Vol. 26, nr 2, s. 142-153Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This position paper is written by four key researchers from two projects (one in Norway and one in Sweden) aiming to define and discuss terms and concepts in Gender Studies. It is inspired by the concept of dialogue as a method of academic writing and discusses the methods, results, challenges, and choices made in the two projects. While they both aimed to create and discuss a vocabulary for Gender Studies and gender research, the projects took shape from different approaches, and produced different results. In this position paper, we want to discuss the meaning of doing conceptual work and deciding on definitions of terms. Our aim is not to determine which approach is “better”, but rather to understand how the field of Gender Studies and gender research is being built.

  • 1482.
    Westius, Anders
    Örebro universitet, Hälsoakademin.
    The significance of view of life in persons with Alzheimer's disease2010Licentiatavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Making it possible for persons with Alzheimer‟s disease (AD) to retain a sense of identity and personal worth during the process of the disease poses a great challenge to caregivers. The objective of the study was to investigate if the view of life of persons with AD could be understood in the frame of their life story and to elucidate the role of view of life in connection to their sense of identity. The view of life of an individual is defined as a conception of reality, a central system of values and a basic emotional attitude.Twenty-one persons with mild to moderate stages of AD were interviewed about their life story and their view of life. The narratives were interpreted using a phenomenological hermeneutic method.Despite their cognitive deterioration it was possible to understand the view of life of the participants in the frame of their life story. Their view of life was not erased by the disease. No exceptional characteristics that could be traced to AD were found in the participants‟ view of life. Their view of life seemed to guide them towards selecting mainly emotionally powerful and value-oriented memories. The origins of their present central values and basic emotional attitude were interpreted to have been established already in early life. A sense of meaningfulness and continuity when looking back on life was also expressed. Despite progressive memory loss and cognitive deterioration, the participants‟ view of life was interpreted as a vital aspect of their sense of identity.The study implicates that knowledge of the view of life of persons with AD is valuable for confirming and supporting their sense of identity.

    Delarbeten
    1. View of life in persons with dementia
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>View of life in persons with dementia
    2009 (Engelska)Ingår i: Dementia, ISSN 1471-3012, E-ISSN 1741-2684, Vol. 8, nr 4, s. 481-499Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: To study the view of life in dementia. The view of life of an individual is defined as a conception of reality, a central system of values and a basic emotional attitude.Method: Interviews with persons (N = 21) with mild to moderate dementia of the Alzheimer’s type. The interview data were interpreted with a phenomenological hermeneutical method.Results: Despite their cognitive deterioration it was possible to understand the view of life of the participants in the frame of their life story. Their view of life seemed to guide them towards selecting mainly emotionally powerful and value-oriented memories. No exceptional characteristics that could be traced to their dementia disease were found in the participants’ views of life. Conclusions: The view of life of the participants with mild to moderate dementia was vital for their life story and was not erased by dementia.Implications: In order to respect people with dementia as persons, caregivers should strive for gaining some knowledge of their view of life.

    Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
    London: Sage, 2009
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Medicin och hälsovetenskap Geriatrik Psykiatri Omvårdnad Kommunikationsvetenskap
    Forskningsämne
    Medicin; Vårdvetenskap
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-11949 (URN)10.1177/1471301209350287 (DOI)
    Tillgänglig från: 2010-09-30 Skapad: 2010-09-30 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-12Bibliografiskt granskad
    2. Views of life and sense of identity in people with Alzheimer's disease
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Views of life and sense of identity in people with Alzheimer's disease
    2010 (Engelska)Ingår i: Ageing & Society, ISSN 0144-686X, E-ISSN 1469-1779, Vol. 30, nr 7, s. 1257-1278Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Making it possible for people with Alzheimer's disease to retain a sense of identity during the process of the disease poses a great challenge to care-givers, professionals and family carers. The aim of this study is to elucidate the role of the view of life of people with Alzheimer's in framing their sense of identity. Is their view of life a vital aspect of their sense of identity? ‘View of life’ was interpreted as a vital aspect of sense of identity, understood as the individual's beliefs about their life history and about the attributes that characterised them. Twenty-one people with mild to moderate stages of Alzheimer's disease were interviewed about their life story. The narratives were interpreted using a phenomenological hermeneutic method. By telling their life story, the participants also narrated their view of life, i.e. their conception of reality, their central system of values and their basic emotional attitudes. By their own accounts, the origins of the narrators' central values and basic emotional attitudes were established in early life. They also expressed a sense of meaningfulness and continuity when looking back on their lives. The findings suggest that for a care-giver or confidant, having knowledge of a person with dementia's view of life is valuable when seeking to confirm that person's sense of identity.

    Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
    Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge university press, 2010
    Nyckelord
    Alzheimer's disease, identity, life story, view of life, interviews, phenomenological hermeneutics
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Medicin och hälsovetenskap Geriatrik Psykiatri Omvårdnad Kommunikationsvetenskap
    Forskningsämne
    Medicin; Vårdvetenskap
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-11950 (URN)10.1017/S0144686X10000309 (DOI)000283407000009 ()2-s2.0-77957257011 (Scopus ID)
    Tillgänglig från: 2010-09-30 Skapad: 2010-09-30 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-12Bibliografiskt granskad
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 1483.
    Westling, Magnus
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Restaurang- och hotellhögskolan.
    Leino, Matti W
    Stockholm University, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Nilsen, Asgeir
    Örebro universitet, Restaurang- och hotellhögskolan.
    Wennström, Stefan
    Örebro universitet, Restaurang- och hotellhögskolan.
    Öström, Åsa
    Örebro universitet, Restaurang- och hotellhögskolan.
    Crop and Livestock Diversity Cultivating Gastronomic Potential, Illustrated by Sensory Profiles of Landraces2019Ingår i: Journal of Food Science, ISSN 0022-1147, E-ISSN 1750-3841, Vol. 84, nr 5, s. 1162-1169Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Landraces, that is, crop and livestock not improved by formal breeding, are scarce in the industrialized world and are mainly maintained ex situ for breeding purposes. The natural biodiversity of these landraces may contribute to securing food production that can adapt to a changing climate, crop pathogens, diseases, and other agricultural challenges. In addition, landraces might also possess unique quality traits. Our aim is to take the idea of crop and livestock diversity further by connecting flavor differences of different landraces and varieties, with gastronomic applications. Do landraces provide a creative possibility of using distinct sensory characteristics to create new dishes and food products and/or to optimize recipes by finding the right variety for existing dishes and food products? This study suggests that apple, pea, pear, and poultry landraces, apart from being valuable in terms of biodiversity in sustainable food systems, also possess unique and distinct gastronomic potential. For example, citrus odors in apples, nutty taste in gray peas, astringent taste in pears, and high odor intensity of stable in poultry is of culinary relevance when working with apple juice, plant-based alternatives to meat, poached pears, and roasted rooster, respectively. To fully explore, and take advantage of, the gastronomic potential landraces possess, additional studies are needed in order to find suitable cooking methods and development of recipes.

    Practical Application: Seeking to increase market interest for landraces, highlighting gastronomic values could stimulate higher demand and, in turn, contribute to larger and more resilient populations preserved in situ. Specifically, the paper is of use to (I) crop and livestock producers and food companies who wish to provide products with greater sensory variation, (II) individuals, companies, and organizations with the aim to increase landrace demand and/or preservation, and (III) breeders and genetic engineers managing genetic traits of landraces and other varieties.

  • 1484. Wettergren, L.
    et al.
    Sprangers, M.
    Björkholm, M.
    Langius-Eklöf, Ann
    Örebro universitet, Hälsoakademin.
    Quality of life before and one year following stem cell transplantation using an individualized and a standardized instrument2008Ingår i: Psycho-oncology, ISSN 1099-1611, Vol. 17, nr 4, s. 338-346Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE: The aim was to prospectively measure quality of life in patients with malignant blood disorders following stem cell transplantation (SCT) using an individualized and a standardized measure. METHODS: Twenty-two consecutive patients were assessed before and one year following SCT, using a generic and disease-related version of the Schedule for the Evaluation of Individual Quality of Life-Direct Weighting (SEIQoL-DW) and the EORTC QLQ-C30. Results of the QLQ-C30 were compared with Swedish norm values. RESULTS: A majority of the patients reported concerns related to health before as well as one year after SCT, recorded by both instruments. Mean scores produced by the SEIQoL-DW, and four scales of the EORTC QLQ-C30, showed a change over time, indicating improved quality of life one year after SCT. In comparison with Swedish norm values for the EORTC QLQ-C30, SCT recipients reported a worse functioning. CONCLUSIONS: In addition to well-known disease and treatment-related problems, areas not typically included in standardized instruments were nominated in the disease-related SEIQoL-DW. Such areas included positive aspects, e.g. a changed view of life and oneself. The results support the use of the generic and disease-related SEIQoL-DW to achieve a comprehensive picture of patient's clinical situation under treatment or when recovering from illness.

  • 1485.
    Wibeck, Victoria
    et al.
    Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research, Norrköping.
    Johansson, Madelaine
    Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research, Norrköping.
    Larsson, Anna
    Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research, Norrköping.
    Öberg, Gunilla
    Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research, Norrköping.
    Communicative aspects of environmental management by objectives: Examples from the Swedish context2006Ingår i: Environmental Management, ISSN 0364-152X, E-ISSN 1432-1009, Vol. 37, nr 4, s. 461-469Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Management by objectives (MBO) is a technique for integrating ecological concerns into national political and administrative structures. Politicians determine environmental objectives and interim targets to be implemented and assessed by civil servants in national, regional, and local contexts. Well-developed organizational communication is a prerequisite for MBO. However, communication-related obstacles can arise when using MBO in public environmental management. We examine communicative aspects of environmental MBO, looking specifically at the implementation, administration, and assessment of Swedish environmental quality objectives. Our argument is illustrated by quotations from individual and focus group interviews. We conclude that communicative problems may arise, because different actors interpret messages from different perspectives, depending on their agendas, prior knowledge and experience, and positions in the administrative system. It is crucial to recognize the dialogical aspects of communication, by involving the receiver of a message in a process of response. In addition, the different timeframes underlying different arguments could contribute to misunderstandings between actors involved in handling environmental issues. In assessing the achievement of environmental objectives, indicators are used as communicative tools. It is important to investigate whether and how these indicators contribute to the de- and recontextualization of environmental objectives. © 2006 Springer Science+Business Media, Inc.

  • 1486.
    Widar, Marita
    Örebro universitet, Hälsovetenskapliga institutionen.
    Att leva med långvarig smärta efter stroke2007Ingår i: Långvarig smärta / [ed] Ulf Jakobsson, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2007, s. 167-180Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 1487.
    Widar, Marita
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Hälsoakademin.
    Ahlström, Gerd
    Disability after a stroke and the influence of long-term pain on everyday life2002Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 16, nr 3, s. 302-310Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Pain after a stroke is a symptom often forgotten, unnoticed although it is reported to be a great problem in care. The aim of this study was to describe disability after a stroke and how long-term pain influences everyday life according to the Multidimensional Pain Inventory - Swedish language version (MPI-S) and to test the reliability of this instrument. Forty-three persons were investigated 2 years after the stroke incident: 15 with central post-stroke pain (CPSP), 18 with nociceptive pain mainly in the shoulder and 10 with tension-type headache. Data collection was performed through the MPI-S and a questionnaire regarding assistive devices, also structured interviews based on the Activities of Daily Living (ADL) staircase and the Self-report impairment questionnaire. The results show that the persons suffered moderate to severe pain. Almost half were dependent in ADL. The most often reported impairments and use of assistive devices concerned mobility and/or motion. This was most frequent in persons with nociceptive pain. There were significant differences in persons with central pain and nociceptive pain compared with tension-type headache with regard to mobility- and/or motion-related activities. No statistical differences emerged between age, gender, different types of pain and the MPI-S scales, nor any significant differences in degree of pain as between different types of pain according to the Self-report impairment questionnaire. The reliability analysis of the MPI-S shows good homogeneity in all scales except Interference, Life Control and Affective Distress. This is the first study with MPI-S on mainly older persons and on stroke patients, thus further research is needed on this instrument as well as on which specific activities evoke the pain. This is in order to offer adequate treatment, care and support to persons with pain after a stroke.

  • 1488.
    Widar, Marita
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Hälsoakademin.
    Ahlström, Gerd
    Experiences and consequences of pain in persons with post-polio syndrome1998Ingår i: Journal of Advanced Nursing, ISSN 0309-2402, E-ISSN 1365-2648, Vol. 28, nr 3, s. 606-613Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study describes the meaning of pain and its implications for everyday life in 35 persons with symptoms of post-polio syndrome. The mean age of the study group is 65 years and the sex ratio of men to women is 1.5:1. The study persons were interviewed on two occasions in their homes and answered a pain questionnaire. The result shows that everyday vocabulary is used to express pain experiences. The study persons normally answered that it hurt, although the interviewers used pain in their questions. The results show that the lower back is the most common location of pain. Joint pains are most common in the upper extremities. The pain is worst in the evening and at night, and tangibly affects the daily rhythm. Physical strain and climatic factors commonly provoke pain, whereas rest and heat give relief. The study show that interviews and pain questionnaire should be supplemented with questions on activities so as to gain a comprehensive view of the difficulties experienced in everyday life.

  • 1489.
    Widar, Marita
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Hälsovetenskapliga institutionen.
    Ek, A.-C.
    Ahlström, Gerd
    Living with long-term pain after stroke2007Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives

    The general aim of this thesis was to classify and describe long-term pain two years after a stroke and to describe the experiences of pain, and the consequences it has on the persons’ lives.

    Material and methods

    The studies comprised 43 persons, 13 women and 30 men, aged 33-82 years, with pain after stroke and no other major pain conditions and able to participate in an interview and independently answer questionnaires.

    The studies were conducted from a multidimensional perspective on pain, combining quantitative and qualitative methods. Clinical examinations were somatic, neurological and Quantitative Sensory Testing (QST). The Pain-O-Meter, ADL staircase, Self-reported impairment, SF-36 and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale were used. Qualitative interviews were performed and analyzed with content analysis.

    Results

    Three types of pain were classified: Neuropathic (central post-stroke pain) (n=15), nociceptive/mainly shoulder pain (n=18) and tension-type headache (n=10). Pain onset, within one to six months in most of the cases was after discharge from the hospital. Continuous pain or pain almost every day was reported by nearly two-thirds. The pain was mostly described as troublesome, annoying and tiring in all groups. The rating of pain intensity revealed individual differences among the participants within the pain groups. In addition to long-term pain, the participants suffered several impairments and nearly half of them were dependent on others, and two-thirds on assistive devices. Several coping strategies were described, most often problem-focused. Their health-related quality of life was decreased, mostly related to their long-term pain and physical impairments. Their experiences of caring revealed the need of improvements in knowledge about long-term pain, attention and understanding among the professionals, and continuity in the contacts.

    Conclusion

    All professionals need knowledge about pain conditions after stroke. Pain assessment and classification, regular follow-up and documentation are required in order to prevent unnecessary suffering. Patients need attention, understanding and continuity in contacts with professionals. Further, information and education about pain and treatment/caring interventions are required in the case of both the sufferer and next of kin.

  • 1490.
    Widar, Marita
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Hälsovetenskapliga institutionen.
    Ek, Anna-Christina
    Ahlström, Gerd
    Caring and uncaring experiences as narrated by persons with long-term pain after a stroke2007Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 21, nr 1, s. 41-47Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to describe how persons with long-term pain after a stroke experience their care. The study is part of a larger research project concerning a group persons suffering from long-term pain after a stroke. Qualitative interviews were performed with 43 persons suffering from central poststroke pain, nociceptive pain or tension-type headache after their stroke incident. Content congruence emerged among the narratives (n = 43), and therefore the most information-rich ones (n = 23) were selected for deeper investigation by means of qualitative content analysis. The results reveal the patients’ need for being respected, understood and supported, also for being given adequate time and information. Accessibility and continuity in the professional contacts and with regard to medical and physical treatment was emphasized. The participants’ narratives highlight the importance of the professionals having knowledge of pain and pain management.

  • 1491.
    Wåhlin Larsson, Britta
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Hälsoakademin. Dalarna University, Falun, Sweden.
    Kadi, Fawzi
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap och medicin.
    Ulfberg, Jan
    Avesta Hospital, Avesta, Sweden.
    Piehl Aulin, Karin
    Örebro universitet, Hälsoakademin.
    Skeletal muscle morphology and aerobic capacity in patients with obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome2008Ingår i: Respiration, ISSN 0025-7931, E-ISSN 1423-0356, Vol. 76, nr 1, s. 21-27Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Despite the fact that patients with obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS) often have symptoms at the level of skeletal muscle such as fatigue, the question of whether the structural, cellular and functional properties of limb skeletal muscles are affected has not been fully examined. Objective: The aim was to examine physiological and muscular parameters in patients with OSAS and to assess the relationship between these parameters and the clinical symptoms. Method: Eighteen patients with OSAS and 16 controls participated. Aerobic capacity was assessed using a submaximal test. Fibre type distribution and fibre area were analyzed on muscle biopsies taken from the tibialis anterior. The microvascularization was assessed using the following parameters: (1) the number of capillaries per fibre (CAF), (2) CAF per fibre area (CAFA), (3) capillary to fibre perimeter exchange (CFPE) index, which represents the interface between muscle fibre and capillaries, and (4) length of capillary/perimeter of the fibre (LC/PF) index or capillary tortuosity, which represents the percent of muscle fibre perimeter in contact with the wall of the microvessel. Results: The OSAS group had significantly lower predicted relative maximal oxygen uptake (p = 0.0047) which was inversely correlated to the apnoea/hypopnoea index (AHI; r = –0.6, p = 0.017). There was a significantly higher CFPE index for slow type I fibres (p = 0.007) and fast type II fibres (p = 0.0126) and a significantly higher LC/PF index for type I fibres (p = 0.0003) and type II fibres (p = 0.0285) in OSAS patients compared to controls. Conclusion: OSAS patients have a higher muscle microvascularization and a lower aerobic capacity than controls. Furthermore the aerobic capacity was inversely correlated to AHI.

  • 1492.
    Wåhlin Larsson, Britta
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för klinisk medicin. Dalarna University, Falun, Sweden.
    Kadi, Fawzi
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap och medicin.
    Ulfberg, Jan
    Avesta Hospital, Avesta, Sweden.
    Piehl Aulin, Karin
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för klinisk medicin.
    Skeletal muscle morphology in patients with restless legs syndrome2007Ingår i: European Neurology, ISSN 0014-3022, E-ISSN 1421-9913, Vol. 58, nr 3, s. 133-137Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    AIM: The aim of the study was to assess the cellular and structural properties of skeletal muscle in restless legs syndrome (RLS).

    METHOD: Twenty patients and 16 controls were included. Aerobic performance was assessed using a submaximal test. On muscle biopsies taken from the tibialis anterior, fiber distribution and fiber area were analyzed together with parameters surveying the microvascularization, especially the tortuosity, which is expressed as a percent of muscle fiber perimeter in contact with the wall of the microvessel, length of capillary/perimeter of fiber (LC/PF) index.

    RESULTS: The RLS group had significantly lower predicted maximal oxygen uptake (p = 0.01) and significantly higher LC/PF index (p = 0.01) compared to the controls.

    CONCLUSION: The higher capillary tortuosity in RLS patients indicates the occurrence of significant remodeling in capillary geometry in RLS.

  • 1493.
    Wåhlin-Larsson, Britta
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Hälsoakademin. Dalarna University, Falun, Sweden.
    Ulfberg, Jan
    Avesta Hospital, Avesta, Sweden.
    Piehl-Aulin, Karin
    Örebro universitet, Hälsoakademin.
    Kadi, Fawzi
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap och medicin.
    The expression of vascular endothelial growth factor in skeletal muscle of patients with sleep disorders2009Ingår i: Muscle and Nerve, ISSN 0148-639X, E-ISSN 1097-4598, Vol. 40, nr 4, s. 556-561Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    An increased capillary network has been observed in the skeletal muscle in patients with Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS) and Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). These changes could be due to upregulation of growth factors responsible for angiogenesis.

    The aim of the study was to examine the occurrence and localization of VEGF and capillary proliferation in skeletal muscle of RLS (n=12), OSAS (n=12) and controls (n=11).

    Double-immunofluorescence staining for capillaries (CD31) and VEGF, and proliferating cells (Ki-67), was carried out on biopsies taken from the tibialis anterior. The percentage of capillaries expressing VEGF (CD31,VEGF+)  was significantly higher in OSAS and RLS compared to controls. The percentage of proliferating capillaries (CD31,Ki-67+)  was significantly higher in OSAS compared with controls.

    In conclusion our study shows the occurrence of proliferation of endothelial cells in skeletal muscle in RLS and OSAS, supporting an upregulation of VEGF located in capillaries probably due to local hypoxia.

  • 1494.
    Yanez Hernandez, Alexander
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Sammanbrott i familjehemsplaceringar: -En forskningsöversikt om orsaker till plötsliga och oplanerade avbrott i placering av barn i familjehem2019Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
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  • 1495.
    Young, Amanda E.
    et al.
    Liberty Mutual Research Institute for Safety, Hopkinton, USA.
    Viikari-Juntura, Eira
    Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Helsinki, Finland.
    Boot, Cécile R L
    EMGO Institute, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
    Chan, Chetwyn
    The Hong Kong Polytechnic Institute, Hong Kong, China.
    de Porras, David Gimeno Ruiz
    The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston TX, USA.
    Linton, Steven J.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Workplace Outcomes in Work-Disability Prevention Research: A Review with Recommendations for Future Research2016Ingår i: Journal of occupational rehabilitation, ISSN 1053-0487, E-ISSN 1573-3688, Vol. 26, nr 4, s. 434-447Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Outcome assessment is a central issue in work disability prevention research. The goal of this paper was to (1) ascertain the most salient workplace outcomes; (2) evaluate the congruence between business and science perspectives; (3) illustrate new perspectives on assessing longitudinal outcomes; and (4) provide recommendations for advancing outcome evaluation in this area of research.

    Methods: The authors participated in a year-long collaboration that culminated in a sponsored 3-day conference, "Improving Research of Employer Practices to Prevent Disability", held October 14-16, 2015, in Hopkinton, MA, USA. The collaboration included a topical review of the literature, group conference calls to identify key areas and challenges, drafting of initial documents, review of industry publications, and a conference presentation that included feedback from peer researchers and a question/answer session with a special panel of knowledge experts with direct employer experience.

    Results: Numerous workplace work-disability prevention outcome measures were identified. Analysis indicated that their applicability varied depending on the type of work disability the worker was experiencing. For those who were working, but with health-related work limitations (Type 1), predominant outcomes were measures of productivity, presenteeism, and work-related limitations. For those who were off work due to a health condition (Type 2), predominant outcomes were measures of time off work, supervisor/employee interactions, and return-to-work (RTW) preparation. For those who had returned to work (Type 3), predominant outcomes were measures of presenteeism, time until RTW, percentage of work resumption, employment characteristics, stigma, work engagement, co-worker interactions, and sustained or durable RTW. For those who had withdrawn from the labor force (Type 4), predominant outcomes were cost and vocational status.

    Discussion: Currently available measures provide a good basis to use more consistent outcomes in disability prevention in the future. The research area would also benefit from more involvement of employers as stakeholders, and multilevel conceptualizations of disability outcomes.

  • 1496.
    Zakrisson, Ann-Britt
    Örebro universitet, Hälsoakademin.
    Nurse-led multidisciplinary COPD-rehabilitation in primary health care2009Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 1497.
    Zorell, Carolin
    University of Mannheim, Mannheim, Germany.
    Varieties of Political Consumerism: From Boycotting to Buycotting2019Bok (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This book provides an analysis of the politics of consumption and how the ‘educated consumer’ plays a vital role in advancing responsible market practices and consumption. Based on a comprehensive interdisciplinary perspective, it explores the extent, drives and links of boycotting, buycotting, labelling schemes and Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) in 20 European countries. A central question addressed is whether macro-societal patterns of orientation concerning the roles of the state, companies and citizens can explain individual and cross-national differences in boycotting and buycotting. As the book shows, there is not one type of ‘political consumer’, but several, and their occurrence is directly connected to national variations of labelling schemes and Corporate Social Responsibility. Consumers need reference points and information on the political backgrounds of purchases, and policy makers must address that need through political measures which fit to the national patterns in views about cooperation and market relationships.

  • 1498.
    Zovko, Davor
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete. Mälardalens högskola, Västerås, Sverige.
    Ekermo, Mats
    Mälardalens högskola, Västerås, Sverige.
    Brunnberg, Elinor
    Mälardalens högskola, Västerås, Sverige.
    Användning av utvärderingar inom Arbetsförmedlingen2016Ingår i: Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, ISSN 1400-9692, Vol. 22, nr 1, s. 6-26Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [sv]

    Arbetsförmedlingen använder utvärdering huvudsakligen för kontroll och återrapportering till regeringen och inte för verksamhetsutveckling avseende förbättring av stödet till de arbetssökande. Det visar en analys av policydokument och kvalitativa intervjuer med ledningspersonal inom ett lokalt arbetsmarknadsområde. Arbetsförmedlingens utvärderingar genomförs centralt och kommuniceras nedåt i organisationen. New public management-modellen i organisationen tycks vara överordnad Arbetsförmedlingens funktion som människobehandlande organisation.

  • 1499.
    Zovko, Davor
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete. Mälardalens högskola.
    Ekermo, Mats
    Mälardalens högskola.
    Brunnberg, Elinor
    Mälardalens högskola.
    Arbetsförmedlingens utvärderingsproduktion 2010 och 2015: En jämförande studieManuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 1500.
    Åberg, Berit
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Delrapport för projektet Regionala könskontrakts påverkan på kvinnors och mäns möjligheter på jobbet år 2009-20112012Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
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