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  • 151.
    Arvidsson, Olof
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Kasho, Elias
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Utvärdering av Bergslagens Brottsofferjour i Lindesberg2011Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 152.
    Arvidsson, Patrik
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Assessment of participation in people with a mild intellectual disability2013Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The overall aim of this doctoral thesis was to explore an assessment of participation according to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) in people with a mild intellectual disability.

    Study I used secondary data and explored how participation can be assessed. Study II-IV explored participation empirically regarding 68 everyday activities from all nine life domains according to the ICF. Study II explored assessment of self-rated participation by investigating to what extent perceived ability, actual performance and perceived importance correlated. Study III-IV explored the contribution of perceived importance to an assessment of participation; study III by investigating frequencies of everyday activities regarding performance and importance separately as well as regarding combined measures of performance and perceived importance, and study IV by comparing proxy ratings with self-rated measures regarding ability and measures of participation. Study III also correlated measures of participation with a single-item measure of subjective general well-being and study II and IV investigated internal consistency in terms of Cronbach’s alpha. Study II and III included 55 and 69 individuals with intellectual disability respectively. Study IV included 40 individuals with intellectual disability and 40 proxy persons. The informants from the target group were partly the same.

    Study II and IV supported the suggestions from study I that participation should be assessed by self-ratings and study II found that this is an appropriate method also to people with a mild intellectual disability. Study III showed that participation is related to subjective well-being. Study III-IV found somewhat different results if measuring participation as performance solely or as a combination of performance and perceived importance. Overall, the results of the thesis suggest that performance solely might be sufficient to assess participation at a group level but in a clinical context, when the knowledge of a certain individual is of interest, the perceived aspect of involvement is necessary to include in an assessment of participation.

    List of papers
    1. Differentiating activity and participation of children and youth with disability in Sweden: a third qualifier in the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health for Children and Youth?
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Differentiating activity and participation of children and youth with disability in Sweden: a third qualifier in the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health for Children and Youth?
    Show others...
    2012 (English)In: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, ISSN 0894-9115, E-ISSN 1537-7385, Vol. 91, no 13 Suppl 1, p. s84-s96Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE: This article discusses the use of a third qualifier, subjective experience of involvement, as a supplement to the qualifiers of capacity and performance, to anchor activity and participation as separate endpoints on a continuum of actions.

    DESIGN: Empirical data from correlational studies were used for secondary analyses. The analyses were focused on the conceptual roots of the participation construct as indicated by the focus of policy documents, the support for a third qualifier as indicated by correlational data, differences between self-ratings and ratings by others in measuring subjective experience of involvement, and the empirical support for a split between activity and participation in different domains of the activity and participation component.; RESULTS: Participation seems to have two conceptual roots, one sociologic and one psychologic. The correlational pattern between the qualifiers of capacity, performance, and subjective experience of involvement indicates a possible split between activity and participation. Self-ratings of participation provide information not obtained through ratings by others, and later domains in the activities and participation component fit better with measures of experienced involvement than earlier domains did.

    CONCLUSIONS: The results from secondary analyses provide preliminary support for the use of a third qualifier measuring subjective experience of involvement to facilitate the split between activity and participation in the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health, Children and Youth version, activity and participation domain.

    National Category
    Social Work
    Research subject
    Social Work
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-32505 (URN)10.1097/PHM.0b013e31823d5376 (DOI)000208868800012 ()
    Available from: 2013-11-22 Created: 2013-11-22 Last updated: 2018-05-12Bibliographically approved
    2. International classification of functioning, disability and health categories explored for selfrated participation in swedish adolescents and adults with a mild intellectual disability
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>International classification of functioning, disability and health categories explored for selfrated participation in swedish adolescents and adults with a mild intellectual disability
    2012 (English)In: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, ISSN 1650-1977, E-ISSN 1651-2081, Vol. 44, no 7, p. 562-569Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: To explore internal consistency and correlations between perceived ability, performance and perceived importance in a preliminary selection of self-reported items representing the activity/participation component of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF).

    Design: Structured interview study. Subjects: Fifty-five Swedish adolescents and adults with a mild intellectual disability.

    Methods: Questions about perceived ability, performance and perceived importance were asked on the basis of a 3-grade Likert-scale regarding each of 68 items representing the 9 ICF domains of activity/participation.

    Results: Internal consistency for perceived ability (Cron-bach's alpha for all 68 items): 0.95 (values for each domain varied between 0.57 and 0.85), for performance: 0.86 (between 0.27 and 0.66), for perceived importance: 0.84 (between 0.27 and 0.68). Seventy-two percent of the items showed correlations >0.5 (mean =0.59) for performance vs perceived importance, 41% >0.5 (mean =0.47) for perceived ability vs performance and 12% >0.5 (mean =0.28) for perceived ability vs perceived importance.

    Conclusion: Measures of performance and perceived importance may have to be based primarily on their estimated clinical relevance for describing aspects of the ICF participation concept. With a clinimetric approach, parts of the studied items and domains may be used to investigate factors related to different patterns and levels of participation, and outcomes of rehabilitation.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Uppsala, Sweden: Foundation Rehabilitation Information, 2012
    Keywords
    Clinimetrics, psychometrics, rehabilitation
    National Category
    Social Work
    Research subject
    Disability Science
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-32541 (URN)10.2340/16501977-0976 (DOI)000305814900008 ()22674238 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84865971822 (Scopus ID)
    Available from: 2013-11-26 Created: 2013-11-26 Last updated: 2018-05-12Bibliographically approved
    3. Important aspects of participation and participation restrictions in people with a mild intellectual disability
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Important aspects of participation and participation restrictions in people with a mild intellectual disability
    (English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose This study explored a possibility to assess the concepts of participation and participation restrictions in the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) by combining self-ratings of the perceived importance with the actual performance of different everyday activities in people with a mild intellectual disability.

    Method Structured interviews regarding 68 items from the ICF activity/participation domain were conducted (n=69). The items were ranked by perceived importance, performance and by combined measures. Also, the measures were related to a single question about subjective general well-being.

    Results Rankings of performance highlighted about the same items as ‘important participation’, while rankings of low performance addressed quite different items compared with ‘important participation restriction’. Significant correlations were found between subjective general well-being and: high performance (r=0.56), high performance/high importance (‘important participation’) (r=0.56), low performance (r=-0.56), and low performance/high importance (‘important participation restriction’ (r=-0.55).

    Conclusions The results support the clinical relevance of the ICF and the studied selection of 68 items. Although performance only may sometimes be a relevant aspect, knowledge about the relationship between the perceived importance and the actual performance is essential for clinical interventions and for research aiming to understand specific needs regarding participation.

    Keywords
    Assessment, ICF, intellectual disability, participation, self-ratings
    National Category
    Social Work
    Research subject
    Disability Research
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-32543 (URN)
    Available from: 2013-11-26 Created: 2013-11-26 Last updated: 2017-10-17Bibliographically approved
    4. The relation between proxy-ratings and self-ratings of participation in people with a mild intellectual disability
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>The relation between proxy-ratings and self-ratings of participation in people with a mild intellectual disability
    (English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: In people with intellectual disability, knowledge about ability and participation is highly relevant for support planning and intervention evaluation. Self-rated aspects of participation might not be the same as those obtained from a proxy-person (relative, peer or staff person).

    Specific Aims: This study explored the relation between self-ratings and proxyratings regarding some clinically important aspects of ability and participation.

    Method: A structured interview study of 40 individuals with intellectual disability and 40 proxy-persons within a Swedish municipality. Data were analysed regarding internal consistency, correlations and comparisons of mean scores.

    Findings: Internal consistency in terms of Cronbach’s alpha showed high levels and similar patterns between self-ratings and proxyratings of ability, performance and importance. Correlations between self-ratings and proxyratings showed significant positive correlations for ability and performance, as well as for the combined measures ‘important participation’ and ‘important participation restriction’. Mean scores of self-rated importance and self-rated ‘important participation restriction’ was significantly higher than the same proxy-rated measures. The mean score of self-rated ability was significantly higher than proxy-rated ability. The mean scores of performance and ‘important participation’ were almost identical.

    Discussion: The findings showed that selfratings and proxy-ratings are correlated but that there are differences in the levels of ratings of ability and ‘important participation restriction’. Knowledge about both perspectives is important but the study indicates that the perceived aspect of the person with intellectual disability and ratings by a proxy-person are not interchangeable. The study does not evaluate the results in terms of right or wrong, but highlights that awareness about similarities and differences between self-ratings and proxy-ratings is essential in clinical practices.

    Keywords
    participation, ICF, intellectual disabilities, self-ratings and proxy ratings
    National Category
    Social Work
    Research subject
    Disability Research
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-32544 (URN)
    Available from: 2013-11-26 Created: 2013-11-26 Last updated: 2017-10-17Bibliographically approved
  • 153.
    Arvidsson, Patrik
    Swedish Institute for Disability Research, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden; Centre for Clinical Research, County Council of Gävleborg and Uppsala University, Gävle, Sweden.
    The relation between proxy-ratings and self-ratings of participation in people with a mild intellectual disabilityManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: In people with intellectual disability, knowledge about ability and participation is highly relevant for support planning and intervention evaluation. Self-rated aspects of participation might not be the same as those obtained from a proxy-person (relative, peer or staff person).

    Specific Aims: This study explored the relation between self-ratings and proxyratings regarding some clinically important aspects of ability and participation.

    Method: A structured interview study of 40 individuals with intellectual disability and 40 proxy-persons within a Swedish municipality. Data were analysed regarding internal consistency, correlations and comparisons of mean scores.

    Findings: Internal consistency in terms of Cronbach’s alpha showed high levels and similar patterns between self-ratings and proxyratings of ability, performance and importance. Correlations between self-ratings and proxyratings showed significant positive correlations for ability and performance, as well as for the combined measures ‘important participation’ and ‘important participation restriction’. Mean scores of self-rated importance and self-rated ‘important participation restriction’ was significantly higher than the same proxy-rated measures. The mean score of self-rated ability was significantly higher than proxy-rated ability. The mean scores of performance and ‘important participation’ were almost identical.

    Discussion: The findings showed that selfratings and proxy-ratings are correlated but that there are differences in the levels of ratings of ability and ‘important participation restriction’. Knowledge about both perspectives is important but the study indicates that the perceived aspect of the person with intellectual disability and ratings by a proxy-person are not interchangeable. The study does not evaluate the results in terms of right or wrong, but highlights that awareness about similarities and differences between self-ratings and proxy-ratings is essential in clinical practices.

  • 154.
    Arvidsson, Patrik
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden. Swedish Institute for Disability Research, Örebro University, Örebro Sweden; Centre for Research & Development, Uppsala University/County Council of Gävleborg, Sweden.
    Granlund, Mats
    Swedish Institute for Disability Research, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden; CHILD, and Swedish Institute for Disability Research, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Thyberg, Ingrid
    3Rheumatology, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Thyberg, Mikael
    Swedish Institute for Disability Research, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden; Rehabilitation Medicine, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Important aspects of participation and participation restrictions in people with a mild intellectual disabilityManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose This study explored a possibility to assess the concepts of participation and participation restrictions in the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) by combining self-ratings of the perceived importance with the actual performance of different everyday activities in people with a mild intellectual disability.

    Method Structured interviews regarding 68 items from the ICF activity/participation domain were conducted (n=69). The items were ranked by perceived importance, performance and by combined measures. Also, the measures were related to a single question about subjective general well-being.

    Results Rankings of performance highlighted about the same items as ‘important participation’, while rankings of low performance addressed quite different items compared with ‘important participation restriction’. Significant correlations were found between subjective general well-being and: high performance (r=0.56), high performance/high importance (‘important participation’) (r=0.56), low performance (r=-0.56), and low performance/high importance (‘important participation restriction’ (r=-0.55).

    Conclusions The results support the clinical relevance of the ICF and the studied selection of 68 items. Although performance only may sometimes be a relevant aspect, knowledge about the relationship between the perceived importance and the actual performance is essential for clinical interventions and for research aiming to understand specific needs regarding participation.

  • 155.
    Arvidsson, Patrik
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden. Centre for Research & Development, Uppsala University/County Council of Gävleborg, Gävle, Sweden.
    Granlund, Mats
    Swedish Institute for Disability Research, Örebro University, Örebro , Sweden; Swedish Institute for Disability Research, Örebro University, Örebro , Sweden.
    Thyberg, Ingrid
    Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Faculty of Rheumatology, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Thyberg, Mikael
    Swedish Institute for Disability Research, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden; Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Faculty of Rehabilitation Medicine, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Important aspects of participation and participation restrictions in people with a mild intellectual disability2014In: Disability and Rehabilitation, ISSN 0963-8288, E-ISSN 1464-5165, Vol. 36, no 15, p. 1264-1272Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: This study explored a possibility to assess the concepts of participation and participation restrictions in the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) by combining self-ratings of the perceived importance with the actual performance of different everyday activities in people with a mild intellectual disability.

    Method: Structured interviews regarding 68 items from the ICF activity/participation domain were conducted (n = 69). The items were ranked by perceived importance, performance and by combined measures. Furthermore, the measures were related to a single question about subjective general well-being.

    Results: Rankings of performance highlighted about the same items as "important participation", while rankings of low performance addressed quite different items compared with "important participation restriction". Significant correlations were found between subjective general well-being and high performance (r = 0.56), high performance/high importance (important participation) (r = 0.56), low performance (r = -0.56) and low performance/high importance (important participation restriction; r -0.55).

    Conclusions: The results support the clinical relevance of the ICF and the studied selection of 68 items. Although performance only may sometimes be a relevant aspect, knowledge about the relationship between the perceived importance and the actual performance is essential for clinical interventions and for research aiming to understand specific needs regarding participation.

  • 156.
    Arvidsson, Patrik
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden. Swedish Institute for Disability Research, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
    Granlund, Mats
    Swedish Institute for Disability Research, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden; CHILD, School of Health Science, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Thyberg, Ingrid
    Rheumatology, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Thyberg, Mikael
    Swedish Institute for Disability Research, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden; Rehabilitation Medicine, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    International classification of functioning, disability and health categories explored for selfrated participation in swedish adolescents and adults with a mild intellectual disability2012In: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, ISSN 1650-1977, E-ISSN 1651-2081, Vol. 44, no 7, p. 562-569Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: To explore internal consistency and correlations between perceived ability, performance and perceived importance in a preliminary selection of self-reported items representing the activity/participation component of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF).

    Design: Structured interview study. Subjects: Fifty-five Swedish adolescents and adults with a mild intellectual disability.

    Methods: Questions about perceived ability, performance and perceived importance were asked on the basis of a 3-grade Likert-scale regarding each of 68 items representing the 9 ICF domains of activity/participation.

    Results: Internal consistency for perceived ability (Cron-bach's alpha for all 68 items): 0.95 (values for each domain varied between 0.57 and 0.85), for performance: 0.86 (between 0.27 and 0.66), for perceived importance: 0.84 (between 0.27 and 0.68). Seventy-two percent of the items showed correlations >0.5 (mean =0.59) for performance vs perceived importance, 41% >0.5 (mean =0.47) for perceived ability vs performance and 12% >0.5 (mean =0.28) for perceived ability vs perceived importance.

    Conclusion: Measures of performance and perceived importance may have to be based primarily on their estimated clinical relevance for describing aspects of the ICF participation concept. With a clinimetric approach, parts of the studied items and domains may be used to investigate factors related to different patterns and levels of participation, and outcomes of rehabilitation.

  • 157.
    Arvidsson Schloenzig, Zandra
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Mårstad, Anna
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    "..från å vara förvirrad till...superdaddy liksom.": Föräldrars upplevelser av samspelsbehandlingen Marte Meo2009Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 158.
    Arén, Linda
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Pekár, Kristina
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Edvardsson, Bo
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    LVU-utredningar ur ett könsperspektiv2000Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Twenty child protection investigations are critically examined out of a gender perspective. Differences in arguments and attributions are shown.

  • 159.
    Ask, Anna
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Massagens fysiska och psykiska effekter på kropp och själ2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 160.
    Asp, Ellinor
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Sörbring, Anna
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Samverkan: -en kvalitativ studie om samverkan mellan socialtjänst och vuxenpsykiatri kring barn till psykiskt sjuka2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats är att undersöka hur samverkan mellan vuxenpsykiatrin och socialtjänsten fungerar kring barn till psykiskt sjuka, i en medelstor svensk stad. Studiens frågeställningar är: Förekommer något samarbete mellan vuxenpsykiatrin och socialtjänsten i den undersökta kommunen? Om så är fallet, i vilken samarbetsform sker detta? Hur ser de intervjuade representanterna från socialtjänsten respektive vuxenpsykiatrin på samverkan? Och slutligen, vilka faktorer hindrar respektive främjar samverkan i kommunen som studerats? I uppsatsens tolkningsram beskrivs olika samarbetsformer, samt hur olika lagar, individuella faktorer, profession och organistion, inverkar på samverkan. I den undersökta kommunen finns ett samverkansarbete mellan barn- och ungdomspsykiatrin, vuxenpsykiatrin, kommunen samt individ och familj. Detta samverkansarbete har resulterat i en barngruppsverksamhet, som i uppsatsen kallas för Bron. I studien har kvalitativa semistrukturerade intervjuer med fyra personer genomförts. Ett strategiskt urval med nyckelinformanter har använts. De personer som intervjuats är chefen för individ och familj, chefen (tillika psykiatrisamordnare) för vuxenpsykiatrin samt två av personalen från verksamheten Bron. Den ena av intervjupersonerna från Bron representerade vuxenpsykiatrin och den andra socialtjänsten. Dessa två intervjuades vid samma tillfälle. Resultatet visar att samverkansarbetet på Bron, av samtliga intervjupersoner, uppfattas som framgångsrikt. På det övergripande planet, brister dock samverkan mellan socialtjänsten och psykiatrin i den undersökte kommunen, kring barn till psykiskt sjuka. Det har bland annat uppstått oenigheter gällande ekonomiska frågor, framför allt kring utskrivningsklara patienter. Det finns även vissa strukturella brister, exempelvis i form av gemensamt formulerade mål kring målgruppen barn till psykist sjuka. Samarbetet i verksamheten Bron sker integrerad form, men med kollaborativa inslag, då personalen delvis använder sig av varandras specialkunskaper. Integrerad och kolloborativ form är två av fem samarbetsformer som Bengt Bergrens modell innefattar (för vidare beskrivning se tolkningsram). På det övergripande planet sker samarbetet mellan socialtjänst och psykiatri i frågor som rör barn till psykiskt sjuka mestadels i kollaborativ form, vilket innebär att det i specifika avgränsbara frågor sker ett samarbete där vardera part bidrar med sina särskilda kunskaper.

  • 161.
    Asp, Veronica
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Gashi, Burim
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Johansson, Maria
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Fin lägenhet med bra service: En kvantitativ kvalitetsstudie på ett servicehus2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 162.
    Aspendal, Josefin
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Larsson, Maria
    Larsson, Susanne
    Upplevelse av stöd och hjälp: Föräldrar till barn & ungdomar med Aspergers syndrom2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    In this survey the authors studied how having a child with Aspergers syndrome affects the

    parents. The purpose of this survey was getting a glimpse of the parent’s experiences of

    support from governmental instances as well as from their own network. This survey has been

    executed from a qualitative point of view. The authors have completed interviews with six

    parents of children with Aspergers syndrome. The semi structure of the questions gave the

    authors the possibility to perform more freely and to ask follow up questions to get

    information. Crises theory and systems theory were the theoretical ground selected for this

    survey. These theories were chosen out of thoughts that they would help the author’s to find

    an understanding of the parent’s experiences and reflections. Previous research showed in

    resemblance to the author’s studies that parents of children with Aspergers syndrome need the

    support of their relatives and friends. Results of the studies show a lack in the emotional

    support that the parents want from their family and friends. Previous research as well as the

    result from this study showed that parents want coordinated assistants from authorities

    The result also shows that practical support from authorities like school demands a diagnosis

    on the child. Even though the child has been diagnosed some parents experience a lack of

    support, especially from school. An example on future research could be a survey how to

    improve and develop cooperation between different authorities.

  • 163.
    Asplund, Tove
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Wolmerud, Matilda
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Barnet i den långvariga vårdnadstvisten En kvalitativ aktstudie om den rättsliga processen2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning

    Denna studie syftar till att utifrån en flerteoretisk ansats förstå hur barnet positioneras i förhållande till föräldrakonflikten i långvariga vårdnadstvister. En kvalitativ aktstudie har genomförts, där akter i vårdnad-, boende- eller umgängesmål från tingsrätten har behandlats. Den teoretiska förankringen utgörs av barndomssociologi, konfliktperspektiv, genus samt anknytningsteori för att generera olika infallsvinklar i synen på den långvariga vårdnadstvisten och barnet i denna. Resultatet visar att barnets position som subjekt är beroende av att barnsamtal hålls. Då barnsamtal inte genomförts är ligger mer fokus på föräldrarnas lämplighet och förmågor än barnets vilja och behov. Bedömningar angående barnets bästa diskuterar i många fall samarbetssvårigheter, missbruk eller våld som ett motiv för ensam vårdnad. Den långvariga processen bidrar till en minskad kontakt för barnet med den icke stadigvarande föräldern och att föräldrarna ej dyker upp på möten och förhandlingar bidrar till en fördröjning av rättsprocessen. Studien är relevant för socialt arbete då vårdnadstvister är ett vanligt förekommande fenomen där familjerättssekreterare spelar en stor roll. Detta eftersom det är dem som utreder familjen och tillgodoser att barnet synliggörs under den rättsliga processens gång.

  • 164.
    Astrup, Nicolai
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Gynther, Nils-johan
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Nowén, Kristoffer
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Mellan det säkra och det osäkra: en problematisering av evidensbasering i socialt arbete ur ett internationellt perspektiv2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay is to provide a survey of Evidence-Based Practice (EBP) in social work within the literature. The method employed is a systematic literature study that is based in the British Journal of Social Work and the database Libris. Overall questions posed concerns what EBP is, what its method is, the spread of EBP and its application.

    The result shows that EBP is on the one hand an ideological movement that fits well with neoliberalism and on the other hand a collection of innovations which this ideological movement deems are proper to implement in social work. The advocates of EBP are in the essay split into two main standpoints. One standpoint advocates that the production of evidence are made as effect studies with experimental design. It is said that the best available evidence should be used. The other standpoint is that the production of evidence should use a broader range of methods, particularly including qualitative research designs. A concern is expressed that a too narrow focus on effect studies will hamper the understanding of context and process, an understanding which is crucial to knowing for whom and when an intervention will work. It is said that the best available evidence should be consulted. A third standpoint is taken by the critics of EBP. They claim that social work have a high degree of uncertainty, confusion and doubt which can not and should not be avoided. According to these critics, EBP in its present form should not be implemented. EBP is said to contain a mistaken view about how decisions are made and how research findings can be implemented in practice and transferred between different contexts. In conclusion it could be said that there are great differences concerning which knowledge is seen to be most relevant for social work practice, silent or technical-rational knowledge. The authors estimate that there are important questions that need more attention. Questions concerning how to best produce evidence and how to best use it have not been exhausted yet, neither in this essay nor in the literature. Many questions regarding how to minimize bias and regarding the transferability of results remain to be answered. The relationship between evidence and the service user has not yet been fully covered. The question needs more attention. Should the best available evidence decide the course of action or should this be decided by the social worker and the service user who jointly assess and take evidence into consideration when making their decisions? If the decisions should be made by the social worker and the service user, how should the process be like?

  • 165.
    Atci, Cem
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Berhe, Simon
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Behandlingspersonalens syn på ensamkommande flyktingsbarns behov Två utsatta grupper i arbetet med en2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 166.
    Atterhed, Anna
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Otternäs, Lisa
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Mellanchefen - en komplex position i en hierarkisk organisation2009Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 167.
    Augustsson, Laura
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Järvebro, Joanna
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Föräldrars erfarenheter av samarbetssamtal2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims at describing parents experiences in family counselling and to identify any differences between the two genders in this regard. The questions at issue that have been discussed are: what experiences do parents have of family counselling when it comes to substance, the climate of the family counselling, results, the role of the family counsellor and if there are any differences in the interpretation between men and women regarding these issues.

    The study can be described as an analysis, on the basis of the questions at issue, of already existing material. The empirical material consists of secondary data and they are mainly of a qualitative character. The result is presented in the form of quotations from “Socialstyrelsens rapport (2000:7) Samarbetssamtal – socialt arbete med föräldrar ”. The focus in the analysis of the material have been to interpret eventual differences between the two genders experiences of family counselling. This have come about from previous research in these issues and also from a gender and role-theory point of view, which have been applied in different extents. We have found certain differences between men and women when it comes to what experiences they have from family counselling. We presume that these differences depend on the expectations that parents have of each other in the new familyconstellation and also have of the family counsellor.

  • 168.
    Augustsson, Lena
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Rakovic, Aida
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Livet efter en traumatisk hjärnskada: Individens tankar och känslor2009Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 169.
    Ax, Jonas
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Wettmark, Joakim
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Om grupparbeten inom socionomprogrammet vid Örebro universitet - En kvantitativ undersökning2013Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 170.
    Axelsson, Elin
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Skillnader i konstruktionen av föräldrarskap beroende på förälderns kön - Mödrarfokus på utredningshem för familjer2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 171.
    Axelsson, Frida
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Sandberg, Linda
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Tambour, Jennie
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Barns upplevelse av psykosvårdens barngrupp: en undersökning av en grupp för barn till psykiskt sjuka föräldrar2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this essay was to study children’s experiences of their participation in a programme for children who have a parent with a mental illness. The study was written at the request of the Psychosis care in Örebro and was accomplished by qualitative interviews with five children at the ages of 11 to 16 years old. Previous research concerning children who have a parent with a mental illness and programmes for these children is accounted for. Antonovsky´s conception KASAM together with the conceptions of guilt and shame were used as the theoretical frame, from which the results of the interviews were analysed. Results from the analysis include children’s increased knowledge about mental illness, an increased KASAM and that the children found it positive meeting other children with similar experiences. Overall, the experiences from the programme seem to be positive, but a few ideas for improvements are given, amongst them equal gender and ages in the group. Finally a discussion is held where increased knowledge and research concerning children with mentally ill parents is desired.

  • 172.
    Axelsson, Hilda
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Hansson, Malin
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Mödrars upplevelse av familjebehandlingen Multmodal insats2013Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 173.
    Axelsson, Linda
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Björck, Eva
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Edvardsson, Bo
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Samtalsminnen inom polisförhör med barn och ungdomar1997Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose is to investigate what categories of conversation memories occur from police interrogators and from interviewed children. Twenty police interrogations were examined. One category system is shown for different conversation memories by the interrogators and two category systems are shown for the conversation memories from those who are interviewed.

  • 174.
    Axelsson, Malin
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Ramadanovic, Elma
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    "När saker och ting stormade omkring mig, kunde jag i alla fall kontrollera maten" - En kvalitativ studie studie om män med ätsstörningar.2013Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 175.
    Axelsson, Maria
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Edvardsson, Bo
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Press i utredande samtal med barn1999Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Preschool children (N = 32; boys and girls 3 and 5 year old) were interviewed, first in a neutral manner and then with some press. The resulats showed changed patterns of responding when press was used. 

  • 176.
    Axelsson, Maria
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Ericson, Anette
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Grill, Kristina
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Karatäristika hos män som brukar våld mot kvinnor i nära relationer: Vilken erfarenhet har professionella behandlare som arbetar med våldsproblematik i kriscentrum för män2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 177.
    Axelsson, Therese
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Fritzson, Helen
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    En intensiv lösning på svåra familjeproblem2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 178.
    Axelsson, Therese
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Olsson, Fredrik
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Genus, bemötande och attityder i missbruksvårdenEn integrativ litteraturstudie2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie syftar till att ge fördjupad kunskap kring skillnader i personalens attityder och bemötande inom missbruksvården baserat på klienternas kön. Genom en litteraturstudie av 15 artiklar hittades gemensamma teman vilka analyserades med hjälp av teorierna om genusperformativitet och genusordningen. Resultatet visar att det finns könsskillnader i attityd och bemötande mot klienterna hos personal inom missbruksvården. Vidare visar resultatet på att dessa skillnader i bemötande kan innebära att typiska könsroller förstärks och att individen ibland riskerar att behandlas utifrån sin könstillhörighet snarare än att få individuellt anpassad vård. Studien understryker vikten av att personal inom missbruksvård får en fullgod utbildning inom genusfrågor och att organisationen ger utrymme att aktivt reflektera över dessa frågor för personalen.

  • 179.
    Axelsson, Ulf
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Fintzer, Gun
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Fröjmark, Christina
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Substitutionsprogrammet, vad tycker klienterna?2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 180.
    Ayad Goriel, Rana
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Bengtsson, Jenny
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Heder En narrativ textanalys av svensk medias framställning av hedersrelaterat våld och förtryck2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    This study aims at investigating how four different Swedish newspapers produce the

    phenomenon of honor, creating differences between "we and them" (our own quotation), as

    well as a summary of the differences between the newspapers'. This is to gain a deeper

    knowledge of the connection between the honour phenomenon and Swedish media. Method:

    Eight articles were collected based first on predetermined criteria and then by a random

    selection from all four newspapers. Analysis: The collected material was divided based on the

    issues as well as an thematization of the content and then analyzed in order to answer these

    questions. This study is based on an intersectional perspective with the following concepts:

    Culture, power, ethnicity, biological and social gender. Conclusion: The conclusions drawn in

    the following study are that the writers build their text content on factors that are represented

    as the causes of the honour-related violence. The most relevant factors are culture, religion

    and ethnicity, where the term gender also creates an additional dimension in the explanations

    of the honour phenomena. These explanations can further create a division between "we and

    them" (our own quotation). The victims of the articles are often made as weak and helpless as

    well as being young girls of different origins. The role of the villain becomes complex, as the

    practitioners themselves becomes the helper, while honour or culture takes the place as the

    main villain character in the content of the text. Even society is assigned a meaning through

    two different roles, patrons and the fraudulent rescuer. Based on this conclusion, a model was

    formed that might serve to clarify when it comes to the media's presentation of the

    relationship between the majority society and the victim of the honour violence. From this

    model, it becomes possible to understand the importance of self-awareness regarding attitudes

    in society and how it can further affect social work.

  • 181.
    Ayoub, Amira
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Helgesen, Wenche
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Förändringar av ätstörningssymtom under sex månader i behandling2009Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 182.
    Azrang, Josefine
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Salo, Pia
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Föräldragrupper ur ett deltagarperspektiv: - Om föräldragrupper på ett familjecentrum2010Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine how participants experience the content and design, in a parent group. The study was conducted with a qualitative approach, in which eight parents were interviewed. Data material has been processed and analyzed with a qualitative manifest content analysis, and the study's theoretical framework consider primarily the perspective of systems, Putnam's and Bourdieu's theory of social capital and Erikson's psychosocial development theory. Significant results were that the parent group was perceived as important, especially to establish new social contacts, experience and safeness reliance from another first-time parent. It was also important to have a leader with social competence, where sensitivity and flexibility were significant quality. It also emerged that the information that was provided was not the most significant, instead the interaction between the parents was the main reason for participation. The results also show that becoming a parent was a draining process both to themselves and their relationship

    .

  • 183.
    Back, Anna-Karin
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Målsägandebiträdets arbetsinsats ur ett brottsofferperspektiv: Får brottsoffer den hjälp som lagen om målsägandebiträde lovar2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 184.
    Back, Sofia
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Persson, Anna
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Bagatellisering, minimalisering, externalisering och fragmentering hos män som brukar våld mot kvinnor i nära relationer: en kunskapsöversikt2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 185.
    Backe, Evelin
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Gliszczynska, Amanda
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Mödrars upplevelser av stödinsatser för barn med autismspektrumtillstånd - En kvalitativ intervjustudie med sex mödrar2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med föreliggande studie är att undersöka hur föräldrar till barn som är diagnostiserade inom autismspektrumtillstånd (AST) upplever att stödinsatser fungerar samt hur stödinsatser kan utvecklas enligt föräldrarna. För att uppnå studiens syfte har en kvalitativ metod använts i form av semistrukturerade intervjuer med sex föräldrar. Dessa föräldrar berättar om deras upplevelser av stödinsatser, vilket bland annat innefattar bemötande från de professionella, och hur det har påverkat dem och deras familj samt vad som hade kunnat göras bättre. De transkriberade intervjuerna har analyserats med en tematisk analys och med hjälp med Honneths teori om erkännande och Foucaults maktteori. Slutsatserna av studiens resultat är att föräldrarna har skilda upplevelser av hur stödinsatser har fungerat. En del föräldrar har upplevt få komplikationer medan andra har upplevt så pass stora brister i bland annat genomförandet av insatserna, att de har avvecklat stödet. Föräldrarna har även flera förslag på utveckling av stödinsatser, vilket bland annat innefattar mer kunskap hos professionella som arbetar med barn med AST, mer samordning och mer information om de olika stödinsatser som finns.

  • 186.
    Backeborn, Ulrika
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Hübinette, Monika
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Anhörigas upplevelser kring professioners bemötande och stöd vid närstående suicid2008Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 187.
    Backlund, Martina
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Väderklint, Anna
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Helhetssyn i skolan En kvalitativ studie av skolkuratorers upplevelse av sin yrkesroll och professionella kompetens2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning

    Syftet med föreliggande studie är att undersöka skolkuratorns roll och hur skolkuratorns professionella kompetens synliggörs i samverkan med andra yrkesgrupper inom skolor med endast en anställd kurator. Studien fokuserar särskilt på vad skolkuratorerna själva ser som utmärkande för sin kompetens och möjlighet till kom2petensutveckling, samt hur skolkuratorns roll uppfattas på skolan. En skolkurator är vanligen ensam om sin profession på en eller flera skolor och det finns inte någon omfattande forskning kring det sociala arbetet inom skolan. I studien genomförs fem semistrukturerade intervjuer med skolkuratorer inom svenska grundskolan. Intervjuerna analyseras utifrån professionsteori, rollteori och ett samverkansperspektiv. Studiens resultat visar att skolkuratorns kompetens utmärker sig genom deras kunskaper om det psykosociala perspektivet. I studien dras slutsatsen att skolkuratorerna inte får tillräcklig möjlighet till fortbildning i den omfattning som respondenterna själva skulle vilja ha. Resultatet visar också på att arbetsgivare inte har någon långsiktig planering för fortbildningen för skolkuratorn. Studien visar också på att samverkan med andra professioner på skolan fungerar bra men det framgår också att skolkuratorernas roll på skolorna upplevs otydlig och varierande.

  • 188.
    Backström, Susanna
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Pettersson, Ylva
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Fagerstas förstärkta familjehemsvård en alternativ vårdform för ungdomar med normbrytande beteende.2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    This is a qualitative study regarding adolescents with deviant behaviour who have been included in a municipally developed model for rehabilitation. The aim of this study was to describe how the adolescents experienced the improved foster home care, with an additional aim to describe the consequences of the improved foster home care. The investigation consisted of qualitative research interviews with three adolescents, three foster homes and one foster home consultant. The study commenced from research regarding individual multimodal methods of treatment as well as concepts regarding risk- and protection factors. The analysis also took place with aid from theories for the adolescent period, social learning and developmental ecologic theory. The result show, amongst other things, that the adolescents experienced the improved foster home care from the perspective of an adolescent, where age is a factor. Their descriptions reveal that they take support from the model through the care plan and implement plan to achieve personal goals and to create an individual of their own. The foster home takes support from the foster care consultant to help the adolescent and complete the assignment given by Fagerstas municipality. Furthermore, this study shows that a change has taken place among the adolescents towards an adaptation to society.

  • 189.
    Bager, Gabriella
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Kaya, Zozan
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    I ett nytt samhälle: En kvalitativ studie om socialisationsprocessens betydelse för  mor- och barnrelationen2013Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 190.
    Bagge, Caroline
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Johansson, Frida
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Att vara i minoritet: - En kvalitativ studie om kvinnliga ledare i en mansdominerad bransch2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 191.
    Baianstovu, Rúna Í
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Democracy at work: Power and communication in social work2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    How can social work in social services become an active democratic agent in times of rapid social change? The point of departure in this contribution is that the need of democratic communication is tremendous in modern society and that the possibility to act according to this insight, is more difficult than it ever has been in modern times, because of the challenges of globalisation and migration; the demand for communication is strangled by neoliberalism’s presence in social services through New Public Managment. The question to be answered is how democracy and communication can be realized in this bureaucratic setting, after all. Democracy is not understood as a stable and static state of affairs, but rather as a frail, but vigorous, condition that only exists to the degree that people act democratically. The greater the role that communication, deliberation and reflection play in official activities, the more democratic the society is. In hindsight it becomes obvious that the more diverse and complex society has become, due to globalisation, migration, the crisis of the nation state and the decline of the welfare state, the more conformal and hierarchical the control of the public institutions have become. As one of the public institutions that institutionalize the moral conceptions of how life should be lived, social services have the potential of being a democratic forum that contributes to the strengthening of social equality. Social equality is the prerequisite for gender equality in society and in families, but through the past twenty years the Swedish society has raised increasingly stronger demands for gender equality in cultural minority group families, at the same time as the general welfare system’s capacity to create the necessary tools for developing equality, have been in decline. In this turmoil social problems are to an ever increasing degree percieved of in terms of lack of individuality and reflexivity in minority contexts, leading to compulsory interventions in families under the Care of Young Persons (Special Provisions Act). Research shows that investigations of foreign-born children or children with foreign-born parents lead to compulsory care and 24-hour care outside the home more often than investigations of Swedish-born children with Swedish-born parents. The interaction between the social worker and the client should, ideally spoken, according to the law, be characterized by voluntary consensus. This requires that the participants in the interaction situation find a mutual understanding of the event that has created the interaction situation. They need to find intersubjectivity, but the possibility of achieving intersubjectivity varies, due to the closeness or distance between the lifeworlds and, hence, the moral values of all the participants. In purpose of finding ways to understand how moral complexity can be an active tool in the democratic enterprise of reaching necessary mutual understanding in the social work context described initially, the concept of i) intersubjectivity must be combined with ii) intersectionality for the possibility to recognize the complex power relations involved, and iii) discourse ethics for the possibility to analyzing the communication itself.

  • 192.
    Baianstovu, Rúna Í
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Diversity as the Condition of Democracy: Reflective versus conformal action in National Social Services in Sweden2015In: Re-visioning social work with individuals, collectives and communities: social work research: Program Book & Book of Abstracts / [ed] Darja Zaviršek, Gašper Krstulović, Ana Sobočan, Jelka Zorn, Martina Kerec, Petra Videmšek, Romana Zidar, Ljubljana: Fakulteta za socialno delo , 2015, p. 252-252Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The debate about societal integration and equality in connection with migration has been vivacious in a Swedish context for several decades now. An interesting research question in this context is how the Swedish society confronts the democratic challenge of finding ways to societal integration in times of rapid globalization and social change. In a case study of National Social Services in Sweden, I have studied how social workers within national social services understand and handle cultural diversity in their investigation and decision making involving children, young adults and their families. It becomes evident that the search for possibilities to societal integration has been abandoned for a system of societal monitoring and control, here expressed as conformal action. A deep conflict occurs between the social worker's communicative skills and an ever increasing, conformal bureaucracy. This conflict is understood as a conflict between the lifeworld and the system. Two important components in the argument are that integration demands communicative and reflective action in society and that The National Social Servicesi nstitutionalizes the representations of society as a whole. When treating the factors of the integration process it becomes clear that the social workers are handling an awkward paradox, seemingly impossible to dissolve. The paradox is activated in the intersection between the individual rights versus cultural and religious rights and it permeates every text guiding social work, from the Constitution over The Social Services Act to other governmental recommendations. Although the paradox cannot be dissolved it is evident that it could be mitigated through communication and reflective action. Nevertheless there is a rapid change in social services, away from communicative and reflective and action, towards conformal action. The theoretical concepts that are used as analytical tools in the study are derived from the thinking of Durkheim and Habermas.

  • 193.
    Baianstovu, Rúna Í
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Heder: Hedersrelaterat våld, förtryck och socialt arbete2017 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
  • 194.
    Baianstovu, Rúna Í
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Kommunikation och makt i kulturellt komplexa relationer inom socialtjänsten2018In: Relationer i socialt arbete: i gränslandet mellan profession och person / [ed] Bruhn, Anders & Källström, Åsa, Stockholm: Liber , 2018, 1, p. 76-91Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Andelen tvångsinsatser inom socialtjänsten gentemot barn och unga med utomeuropeisk bakgrund är större jämfört med barn och unga med svensk bakgrund. Vår tids etniska, kulturella och religiösa mångfald ställer krav på att det sociala arbetet inom socialtjänsten utvecklas så att det fungerar på ett jämlikt och rättvist sätt, men ojämlikhetens mönster tyder på att såväl samhället i sin helhet som socialtjänsten har svårt att hantera mångfald. Ordet mångfald relaterar här till skillnader avseende människors resurser, normer och behov. Tvång får bara tillgripas när varje möjlighet för lösningar i frivillighet och samförstånd har uttömts, men det kräver djupgående kommunikation mellan socialarbetare och klienter på ett sätt som styrningen av socialtjänsten inte tillåter. I samma takt som samhällets mångfald har ökat har den tid socialarbetare använder på direkt kommunikation med klienter minskat. I artikeln presenteras ett utkast till en teori om intersektionellt medveten diskursetik. Teorin skisserar vilka kriterier som uppfylls när kommunikation fungerar och belyser vikten av medvetenhet om aktörernas identiteter och kategoriseringar.

     

  • 195.
    Baianstovu, Rúna Í
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Mångfald som demokratins utmaning: en studie av hur socialtjänsten som välfärdsbyråkrati och moralisk samhällsinstitutiion förstår och hanterar kulturell mångfald2012Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation deals with how Swedish society is confronting the democratic challenge of finding ways to integrate individuals and groups with a diversity of cultural and religious beliefs and social practices. The idea that democracy must include all members of society is central in contemporary welfare states. In Sweden this idea is closely related to a concept of social justice and equality. This means that this study deals with aspects of integration processes. Social services are one of the societal institutions that institutionalize the moral conceptions of how life should be lived. Therefore, its function in the integration processes mirrors the ethos of society as a whole. The chief characteristics of a democratic state are that it represents every member of society and that it is transparent, communicative, and reflexive. But this is not easily performed. The State may exercise oppression in the form of forced assimilation through the culturally detached design of law and policy, and with the politics of diversity, minority groups may exert internal oppression of vulnerable elements within the group. This tension expresses a tension that is called the Paradox of Democracy in this thesis. Social workers deal with the paradox while handling society’s moral panic regarding “others’” traditions that are perceived as difficult to comprehend. Therefore, their investigative work is of great importance in a society that aspires to treat all citizens as equals. But the framework for such investigations is narrow and tightly controlled. A qualitative change in the scope of social workers’ ability to work in the service of communicative action within the complex areas discussed in this study could be a step towards broadening and deepening democratic practices. When the public institutions take their clients’ diverse wishes and needs seriously, and treat them as indicators of the actual needs of members of society, the public institutions receive a foundation for reciprocal and communicatively anchored integration work.

  • 196.
    Baianstovu, Rúna Í
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Towards a Theory of Power and Communication in Social Work2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The need for an elaboration of a mutual understanding between worldviews is steadily increasing in our societies today, due to growing economic, social, cultural, and religious gaps. To enhance wellbeing, integration and democracy, the growing gaps require a substantial level of communication between representatives for public institutions - such as social services - and citizens. Social workers share the insight that a specific communicative competence signifies the profession. They, however, also share the experience that social work is involved in a multidimensional battle about what power and communication is and ought to be, respectively. The battle is framed as New Public Management (NPM). The outcome of NPM’s rule seems to be leading towards strict conformal structures of power and communication in a time where professional ethics and knowledge could and, for all we know, should be guiding the interaction between social workers and citizens to enhance mutual integration in a globalized society. Research on power and communication in social work show a rather rigid understanding of power relations. Despite the use of theory, be it reflected, or heavily theoretically guided as for example in the case of poststructuralists, inspired by Foucault - and irrespective of the starting point or the theoretical awareness of the researcher - power seems to be described as a unidirectional process in which the social worker HAS power and the client IS powerless. As a part of this standard package of power, it seems as if the only recommendations of handling the lack of equality is to try mitigating it by empowerment. Empowerment is framing the power of citizens as clients most of the time. There is an intrinsic problem here, since the idea of empowerment seems to hold an automatically triggered top-down position as the process starts with the social worker passing power to the client. To enhance inclusion and democracy in times of social change and globalization, social work needs a theory of power and communication that makes sense, in the tight corridors of action offered in the social services. It is the aim of this paper to outline the conceptual brickwork necessary for the construction of a theory of communication and power in social work. The first conceptual brick is derived from the concepts of intersectionality, inspired by Foucault’s theory of power and the second from Habermas’ discourse ethics. The theories of Habermas and Foucault, respectively, are often perceived as incomparable, but I find a great potential in bringing them together. One binding element between them is the concept of intersubjectivity, a main component in the theoretical construction of Habermas and its connection to Arendt. Her theory of power and violence is another binding element. Even further Durkheim and the concept of moral delivers another conceptual connection. The clue for this theory is derived from my empirical studies of social work and cultural diversity. The next step is to apply the theory in an ongoing study aiming at understanding communicative processes between social workers and inhabitants in an exposed, suburban area in Sweden.

  • 197.
    Baianstovu, Rúna Í
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Cinthio, Hanna
    Särnstedt, Emmie
    Strid, Sofia
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Det hedersrelaterade våldets och förtryckets uttryck och samhällets utmaningar: En kartläggning i Göteborg, Malmö och Stockholm 2017-2018: Del II: Redovisning av den kvalitativa delstudien i Göteborg, Malmö och Stockholm2018Report (Other academic)
  • 198.
    Balia, Sara Luisa
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Nilsson, Sarah
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Spegla mig!: En kvalitativ studie om terapeuters perspektiv på hästunderstöddterapi för individer med psykisk ohälsa.2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien var att ta reda på vad i den hästunderstödda terapin som gör behandlingen unik och verksam för individer med psykisk ohälsa. Vidare var syftet att undersöka hur den hästunderstödda terapin kan öka välmående hos barn med psykisk ohälsa. En kvalitativ metod tillämpades genom semistrukturerade intervjuer med fyra terapeuter som bedriver hästunderstödd terapi. För att besvara syftet och analysera empirin utgick studien från tre teman och tre teorier. Studiens teman var vilken funktion hästen-, miljön- och terapeuten fyller i den hästunderstödda terapin, och teorierna var anknytning, mentalisering och empowerment. Forskning har även tillämpats för att berika vissa resultat och för att komplettera brister i teorier för att kunna analysera resultat. Studiens resultat visar att utifrån anknytning kan hästens funktion vara att främja anknytning mellan deltagare och häst samt att vara flexibel i relationen som skapas med deltagaren. Miljöns egenskaper kan bidra till att miljön fyller funktionen att uppmuntra deltagaren till att söka kontakt med terapeuten och andra människor, och därmed främja anknytning. Terapeuten fyller funktionen att hjälpa deltagaren att skapa relationer genom den hästunderstödda terapin. Utifrån mentalisering kan hästen fylla funktionen att spegla deltagarens affekter. Stallmiljön kan besitta funktionen att synliggöra deltagares känslor i behandlingsarbetet. Terapeutens funktion i behandlingen kan vara att avläsa sina hästars spegling för att förstå deltagare och underlätta relationsbyggandet. Utifrån empowerment kan hästen fylla funktionen att främja barnets motivation och maktposition i behandlingen. Miljöns funktion kan vara att gynna att det goda samtalet uppstår mellan terapeut och barnet, att möjliggöra olika stalluppgifter som kan anpassas till det enskilda barnets nivå samt hjälpa barnet att se sig själv i positiva sammanhang. Terapeutens funktion kan vara att stärka barnet och låta barnet inverka i behandlingen.

  • 199.
    Barkström, Åsa
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Inkludering i skolan Professionellas uppfattning om att inkludera barn i behov av särskilt stöd i den vanliga skolan2013Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 200.
    Barrera, Priscilla
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Neuman, Linda
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Hur barn kan påverkas av att bevittna mammas våld mot pappa2013Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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