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  • 151.
    Eriksson [ Arensmeier ], Cecilia
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Granberg, Mikael
    Mörck, Johan
    Democracy and Local Self-Governance in Mongolia2000Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 152. Eriksson [Arensmeier], Cecilia
    Lokalt engagemang med platsideologisk bas: exemplet lokala partier2000Inngår i: Tankar kring lokal och regional utveckling inför det nya årtusendet: antologi från Forskarforum 1999 / [ed] Haraldsson, Kjell, Östersund: Statens institut för regionalforskning (SIR) , 2000, 1, , s. 22s. 171-193Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 153.
    Eriksson, Cecilia [ Arensmeier ]
    Örebro universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    "Det borde vara att folket bestämmer": en studie av ungdomars föreställningar om demokrati2006Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This study primarily investigates the conceptions of democracy held by young Swedes: What conceptions can be found? How are these conceptions similar to and different from each other? My main intention is to present nuanced pictures of different ways of viewing and of arguing for and against democracy. Some attention is also paid to possible differences between different youth groups, in terms of age, gender, and socioeconomic background. In addition, I will relate the investigation to research concerning school and the socialisation that is supposed to take place there. What concepts of democracy do Swedish schools seem to inculcate in students?

    Theoretical discussions of democracy serve as the framework of the study, and throughout the work democracy is regarded as an ambiguous concept. I have designed an analytical tool by depicting the discussions of democratic theory from three perspectives. The first concerns what democracy is and how the rule of the people should be designed. The second deals with the justifications for democracy, and why it is or is not to be preferred. The third perspective focuses on some crucial matters in discussions of democracy.

    The empirical material analyzed consists of ten focus group interviews with students in two age categories: 14–15 and 18–19 years old. The groups were composed so that the members would include both genders and a range of socio-economic backgrounds. The main idea of focus group interviews is to take advantage of group-interaction dynamics. Opinions are often formed in interaction with other people, and since consideration and reflection are central concerns of this thesis, focus group interviews are thus very suitable.

    The findings indicate that there is a dominant understanding of democracy. The young people interviewed emphasize that democracy means that everybody has a right to participate in decision making, that, for example, universal suffrage and freedom of speech are necessary features and that democracy in practice connotes an elite/electoral democracy (at the national level) with politicians as the real power holders. Although some features of Sweden’s existing democracy are widely criticized, democracy as a fundamental concept is celebrated. The main justification for this support is that democracy includes everybody. A view of everybody’s equal value is implicit. The critical matters highlighted concern human nature in relation to democratic requirements, how to handle extremist political movements, and the limited possibilities and unequal opportunities for people to participate in the existing democracy. Within this overall picture, somewhat different conceptions can also be detected.

    Two themes are particularly prominent in the discussions. Without overtly mentioning the word, the young people interviewed strongly emphasize the concept of equality. One line of discussion concerns the participants’ own experiences of being subordinate to adults, another the concept that equality presupposes equal opportunities to influence society. Democracy is also considered to be a human matter. Notably,when speaking of equality and freedom, the interviewees rarely mention these words directly. Mention of political institutions is also lacking from the discussions.

    Some of the findings can be regarded as reflecting the conceptions of democracy manifested in and passed on by schools. The study may also provide some guidance concerning how to approach social and political issues in the school.

  • 154.
    Eriksson, Cecilia [ Arensmeier ]
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    "Not that only some decide": the meaning of democracy to young people in Sweden2007Inngår i: Democracy and human rights in education and society: explorations from South Africa and Sweden / [ed] Chaterine Odora Hoppers, Bernt Gustavsson, Enver Motala, John Pampallis, Örebro: Örebro university , 2007, s. 217-244Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 155.
    Eriksson, Cecilia
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Amnå, Erik
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Hur gick det med medborgarstyret i 1990-talets sjukvård1999Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 156.
    Eriksson, Madelene
    Örebro universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    SFI: I en historisk institutionell kontext2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 157.
    Eriksson, Råbert
    Örebro universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Terrorismens orsaker: Om skapandet av generella kausalteorier när det gäller uppkomsten av terrorism2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The first of the dual purposes of this work has been to describe the research that has been done regarding the root causes of terrorism and second, using a general causal theory and examining the political dimensions of it, to discuss whether or not general causal theories (grand-theories) are helpful for researchers and policy-makers when reacting to social developments in the form of terrorism. The essay is a qualitative literature analysis and I have based my studies on mostly new books treating root causes of terrorism. I have concentrated on discussing international terrorism and how political dimensions may impact the occurence of this form of political violence. The conclusions I have made is that there is no widespread consensus among researchers and scholars as to what really causes terrorism. Neither can the general model examined in chapter 5 be used to predict when and where terrorism will occur next. The author of the model says that different types of political systems may act as catalysts for terrorism, although some democracys are targeted by terrorists and some are not. That strongly indicates to me that there is no strong causality between type of political system and terrorism, at least not between type of political system and international terrorism.

    The above leads me to believe that there is no way of constructing a grand-theory that can explain all occurence of terrorism. There will always be factors that cannot be charted and that no one can predict. If one were to continue mapping the political factors that catalyst terrorism one would do well by looking at the relationship between policy and the occurence of terrorism. What political factors do the countries that have been attacked have in common?

    Instead of trying to manufacture grand-theories explaining why terrorism occurs I conclude that researchers and scholars studying the political causes of terrorism ought to approach terrorismstudies in an intense empirical way, analyzing specific cases in depth. Policy-makers would also be better off analyzing the specific political factors of their time and geographical location rather than trying to adopt a view that all terrorism can be charted and prevented in a universal way.

  • 158.
    Erlingsson, Gissur O.
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Linköping, Sweden.
    Linde, Jonas
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för humaniora, utbildning och samhällsvetenskap.
    Korruption i Sverige2011Inngår i: Perspektiv på offentlig verksamhet i utveckling: tolv kapitel om demokrati, styrning och effektivitet / [ed] Ann-Sofie Hellberg, Martin Karlsson, Hannu Larsson, Erik Lundberg, Monika Persson, Örebro: Örebro universitet , 2011, s. 137-152Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 159.
    Folkesson, Klara
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Invisible activity: the case of muslim women migrants in Fittja, Sweden2011Inngår i: The ethnically diverse city / [ed] Eckardt, Frank & Eade, John, Berlin: Berliner Wissenschafts-Verlag, 2011, 1, s. 115-140Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 160.
    Forsling, Karin
    Örebro universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    En skola för barnets bästa?: Den svenska skolan i relation till FN:s konvention om barnets rättigheter2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Essay in political Science (c-level) by Karin Forsling, Spring 2007

    A school for the best interest of the child? - The Swedish School System according to the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child.

    Supervisor: Stig Montin

    The purpose of this essay is to investigate how the Swedish governments work with the im-plementation of this convention and what progress has been made. The inquiry of this study is to describe how the changing in the Swedish School System correspond to the national strat-egy for implementation of UN Convention on the Rights of the Child in Sweden and how the political protagonists.

    I have read some of the most relevant documents from the authorities and organisations work-ing with children’s rights in Sweden and papers and communications from the political pro-tagonists.

    Since UN Convention on the Rights of the Child was ratified by Sweden in 1990 the work for implementation has been quite successful but there are still lots to do. There are still some problems in School such as bullying, insulting, insecurity and lack of peaceful and harmoni-ous school environment. That is the political actors quite agree this but the have different so-lutions of the problems. The Social democratic party wants more adults in schools to guaran-tee a peaceful and harmonious school environment and the non-socialist Alliance wants clear roles and increased authority for teachers to create order in schools.

    Keywords: UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, education, the national strategy, the Social democratic party, the non-socialist Alliance.

  • 161.
    Forsling, Karin
    Örebro universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Personlig assistans - i sund konkurrens: Skärpta regler kring assistansersättningen2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 162.
    FRANTZ, JOAKIM
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för humaniora, utbildning och samhällsvetenskap.
    The European Union: Quo Vadis?: An Analysis of the Concept of Europe and its Implications for the Presumptive Geographical Finalité of the European Union.2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 163.
    Fredriksson, Matilda
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för humaniora, utbildning och samhällsvetenskap.
    Personvalet i det mångkulturella samhället: En studie av personvalets betydelse för kandidater med utländsk bakgrund2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay is to examine the importance of personal election for candidates of foreign background. I made this, first, by map and comparing the candidates of foreign background in the recent Swedish and Finnish parliamentary election. Second, I analyze what conceptions candidates of foreign background, who was nominated in the 2006 municipal election in Örebro, have about the personal election. The result from the first study shows that personal election had a negative impact on candidates of foreign background in both the Swedish and Finnish parliamentary elections. The result from the second study shows that candidates of foreign background have both positive and negative conceptions about the personal election.  

  • 164.
    Fridolfsson, Charlotte
    Örebro universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Deconstructing political protest2006Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Part I of the thesis Deconstructing Political Protest is an introduction to the theoretical, epistemological and (anti)ontological approach guiding the analysis in the articles comprising Part II. Investigations into the ideological organisation of political protests are the focus in all four articles. The questions asked concern what makes some subjects or political gestures tolerable and legitimate and others less so. Answering this type of questions involves deconstructing the political processes where the modes and subjects of protest are conditioned. The ideological organisation of protest is here identified as a result of power struggles. Ideology is here a closure of the social, i.e. the non-acknowledgement of the instability of how our world is organised. The four articles accordingly investigate the openings and aporias in discourses on political protest, and the struggle between hegemony and its unmaking, rather than search for a hermeneutic whole.

    An occupation, a demonstration and a referendum serve as examples when deconstructing discourses organising political protests. What these three events have in common is how the “laws” regulating political protests are broken, yet it is exactly when the laws are broken that they appear as an independent structure. The illegal occupation is additionally breaking the law regulating political protest by appearing innocous in the hegemonic discourse. Activists occupying an operation ward are in this example not condemned as criminals but are instead respected as an anomaly deviating from regular problematic occupants. Similarly street demonstrations in the second example relate to a violent outside deviating from the normal peaceful demonstration, but in this example the outside violence blends into the identity of all activist through various metaphors. The third example examines how a referendum, formally a well-respected mode of protest, can still be questioned in a hegemonic discourse.

    The events studied challenge the notion of what constitutes reasonable political activity, but simultaneously maintain the meaning of, and become the condition of possibility for, the acceptable and unacceptable political protest since the laws regulationg political protest are determined by their transgressions.

    Delarbeid
    1. Operation occupation: and the politics of protest
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Operation occupation: and the politics of protest
    2005 (engelsk)Inngår i: Politik, ISSN 1604-0058, Vol. 8, nr 2, s. 17-26Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
    HSV kategori
    Forskningsprogram
    Statskunskap
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-3199 (URN)
    Tilgjengelig fra: 2006-11-24 Laget: 2006-11-24 Sist oppdatert: 2018-01-13bibliografisk kontrollert
    2. Politics, protest and the threatening outside: a discourse analysis of events at an EU summit
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Politics, protest and the threatening outside: a discourse analysis of events at an EU summit
    2004 (engelsk)Inngår i: Distinktion Scandinavian Journal of Social Theory, ISSN 1600-910X, E-ISSN 2159-9149, Vol. 5, nr 1, s. 79-92Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Social movement protests at an EU summit in Gothenburg in 2001 are here analysed using discourse theory. This perspective envisages the constructed character of subjects, identities and discourses structuring the social. A hegemonic project, attempting to explain the antagonisms at the summit, was emphasised through signifying chains and the use of metaphor. The hegemonic effort of rescuing a unified and fully sutured social, instituted a constitutive outside—the deviant activist—explaining the interruptions in the idea of liberal democratic politics, here substantiated by the summit. Power seems crucial for what forms of protests are considered acceptable, and ultimately for what is viewed as valid political subjects or legitimate political demands.

    HSV kategori
    Forskningsprogram
    Statskunskap
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-3200 (URN)10.1080/1600910X.2004.9672878 (DOI)
    Tilgjengelig fra: 2006-11-24 Laget: 2006-11-24 Sist oppdatert: 2018-01-13bibliografisk kontrollert
    3. Sweden's most wanted: investigations into the whereabouts of the no-voters
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Sweden's most wanted: investigations into the whereabouts of the no-voters
    (engelsk)Manuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
    HSV kategori
    Forskningsprogram
    Statskunskap
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-3201 (URN)
    Tilgjengelig fra: 2006-11-24 Laget: 2006-11-24 Sist oppdatert: 2018-01-13bibliografisk kontrollert
    4. Political protest and metaphor
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Political protest and metaphor
    2008 (engelsk)Inngår i: Politics, language and metaphor: interpreting and changing the world / [ed] Terrell Carver, Jernej Pikalo, London: Routledge , 2008, s. 132-148Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
    London: Routledge, 2008
    Serie
    Routledge innovations in political theory ; 30
    HSV kategori
    Forskningsprogram
    Statskunskap
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-3202 (URN)978-0-415-41735-8 (ISBN)
    Tilgjengelig fra: 2006-11-24 Laget: 2006-11-24 Sist oppdatert: 2018-01-13bibliografisk kontrollert
  • 165.
    Fridolfsson, Charlotte
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Demokratiska damer och suspekta subjekt: draman i skildringarna om politisk protest2006Inngår i: Om demokratins villkor: 2 / [ed] Mats Ekström ..., Örebro: Örebro universitet , 2006, s. 207-229Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 166.
    Fridolfsson, Charlotte
    Örebro universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Operation occupation: and the politics of protest2005Inngår i: Politik, ISSN 1604-0058, Vol. 8, nr 2, s. 17-26Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 167.
    Fridolfsson, Charlotte
    Örebro universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Political protest and metaphor2008Inngår i: Politics, language and metaphor: interpreting and changing the world / [ed] Terrell Carver, Jernej Pikalo, London: Routledge , 2008, s. 132-148Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 168.
    Fridolfsson, Charlotte
    Örebro universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Politics, protest and the threatening outside: a discourse analysis of events at an EU summit2004Inngår i: Distinktion Scandinavian Journal of Social Theory, ISSN 1600-910X, E-ISSN 2159-9149, Vol. 5, nr 1, s. 79-92Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Social movement protests at an EU summit in Gothenburg in 2001 are here analysed using discourse theory. This perspective envisages the constructed character of subjects, identities and discourses structuring the social. A hegemonic project, attempting to explain the antagonisms at the summit, was emphasised through signifying chains and the use of metaphor. The hegemonic effort of rescuing a unified and fully sutured social, instituted a constitutive outside—the deviant activist—explaining the interruptions in the idea of liberal democratic politics, here substantiated by the summit. Power seems crucial for what forms of protests are considered acceptable, and ultimately for what is viewed as valid political subjects or legitimate political demands.

  • 169.
    Fridolfsson, Charlotte
    Örebro universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Sweden's most wanted: investigations into the whereabouts of the no-votersManuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 170. Fridolfsson, Charlotte
    et al.
    Elander, Ingemar
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för humaniora, utbildning och samhällsvetenskap.
    Granberg, Mikael
    Amnå, Erik
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för humaniora, utbildning och samhällsvetenskap.
    FBOs and social exclusion in Sweden2009Inngår i: Faith-based organisations and social exclusion in European cities: national context reports / [ed] Danielle Dierckx, Jan Vranken, Wendy Kerstens, Leuven: Acco , 2009, s. 161-196Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 171.
    Friskman, Mikael
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Liliestierna, Anna
    Örebro universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Suveränitet eller mäskliga rättigheter?: Dilemmat med humanitära interventioner2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 172.
    Gezelius, Lina
    Örebro universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Samhällets krigsberedskap: En studie av lokal och regional nivå.2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 173.
    Gidlund, Gullan
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för humaniora, utbildning och samhällsvetenskap.
    Frih, Anna-Karin
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för humaniora, utbildning och samhällsvetenskap.
    Inflytande över stöd till riksdagsledamöternas och partigruppernas arbete i riksdagen2008Rapport (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 174.
    Gidlund, Gullan
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Horgby, Björn
    Örebro universitet, Humanistiska institutionen.
    Kollektivistisk demokratisyn i uppbrott: förändrade villkor för facklig-politisk samverkan2006Inngår i: Om demokratins villkor: volym 1 / [ed] Mats Ekström et al., Örebro: Örebro universitet , 2006, 1, s. 279-311Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 175.
    GLADER, EVA
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för humaniora, utbildning och samhällsvetenskap.
    Den ungdomliga maktens ansikte.: Ungdomarnas möjlighet till inflytande genom Örebro kommuns Miljöfullmäktige.2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 176.
    Glader, Eva
    Örebro universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Konsensusdemokrati: Uppbyggandet av Demokratiska Institutioner i Postgenocide Rwanda2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 177.
    Glas, Alexandra
    Örebro universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Democracy assistance to hybrid regimes: A comparative study of Sida`s democracy assistance to Mozambique, Nicaragua and Russia2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 178.
    Glover, Leigh
    et al.
    University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia.
    Granberg, Mikael
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för humaniora, utbildning och samhällsvetenskap.
    Adaptation to climate change as ecological modernisation: Australian experience2011Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    National policy approaches to adaptation to climate change in Australia are used to address a research inquiry into the political values of adaptation policies. This study examines whether this public policy response constitutes ecological modernisation and considers the implications. Ecological modernisation’s associations with neo-liberalism are reviewed and an account of key public policies is given. Particular attention is paid to maladaptation risks and the question of the possible influence of ecological modernisation in contributing to these risks. Key findings include that the Australian adaptation policy approach features ecological modernisation, that comprehensive-rational planning is used, and that ecological justice values are at risk

  • 179.
    Goldmann, Kjell
    et al.
    Stockholm universitet.
    Berglund, Sten
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Sjöstedt, Gunnar
    Stockholm universitet, Utrikespolitiska institutet.
    Democracy and foreign policy: the case of Sweden1986Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 180.
    Gossas, Markus
    Örebro universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Kommunal samverkan och statlig nätverksstyrning2006Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Samarbete mellan kommuner har ökat i omfattning under 1990- och 2000-talet. I rapporten betraktas fenomenet samverkan som uttryck för en kommunreform där staten har en central och pådrivande roll. Reformen har genomförts successivt sedan 1970-talet, främst genom lagändringar som möjliggör samverkan mellan kommuner, och i mindre utsträckning genom kommunikation, idéer och ekonomiska incitament. Drivkrafter och motiv till reformen är flera; genom ökad samverkan antas kommunerna kunna hantera ökat ansvar, bli mer kostnadseffektiva, lösa problem som kräver samordning samt skapa förutsättningar för regional tillväxt. Sammantaget innebär reformen att staten utvecklat medel för nätverksstyrning, en indirekt styrning som syftar till att möjliggöra samverkan mellan offentliga organisationer, och att forma villkoren för sådan samverkan. Genom reformen ges kommunerna medel att skapa gränsöverskridande ordningar av olika slag, från interkommunala avtal till gemensamma förvaltningar med egen beslutsrätt. Reformen utgör exempel på den nätverksbaserade förvaltningsmodellens genomslag i samhällsorganisationen.

    Ur indelningssynpunkt kan tre reformperioder urskiljas under 1900-talet, där olika principer för indelningar utvecklas och implementeras. Den första perioden (1920-45 ca) motsvaras av ett utbrett bruk av kommunsamverkan i form av kommunalförbund, en slags gemensamma förvaltningsorgan. Kommunalförbundslagen gav kommunerna ökade möjligheter till samverkan, men användes också som ett medel för staten att styra förekomsten av samverkan; genom lagen kunde förbund tvångsbildas vilket med tiden utsträcktes till flera uppgiftsområden. Kommunalförbunden gjorde kommungränserna flexibla, och brister i indelningen kunde åtgärdas genom samverkan. Den andra perioden (1945-75 ca) motsvaras av en ökad skepsis från statens sida mot samverkan, och en betoning av möjligheterna till central planering. För att möjliggöra välfärdens utbyggnad krävdes administrativt och ekonomiskt starka kommuner, vilket skapades genom centralt planerade sammanslagningar. Därigenom tänktes bruket av samverkan upphöra och kommungränserna bli stabila. Den tredje perioden (1976-2002 ca), som står i fokus i avhandlingen, motsvaras av en återgång till mer flexibla gränser och samverkan. Den första och den tredje indelningsreformen liknar varandra genom bruket av samverkan, men de skiljer sig fundamentalt genom att statens roll omdefinierats.

    Genom en fallstudie av en mellansvensk kommun studeras reformens genomslag i kommunens förvaltning och beslutsfattande sedan tiden efter storleksreformerna. Samverkan i sig visar sig ha förekommit sedan kommunblocksreformens slut, men över tid har samarbetena blivit fler och mer formaliserade. Historiskt sett har flera strategiskt viktiga samarbeten utvecklats genom återkommande förhandlingar i ett interkommunalt nätverk, en institution som är löst organiserad och där konsensus krävs för att beslut ska kunna fattas. Genom nätverket framträder en interkommunal politisk beslutsnivå och ökad administrativ sammanvävning vilket skulle kunna tolkas som första steget mot en kommunsammanslagning. Samtidigt visar kommunens samverkan att olika uppgiftsområden och intressen kräver olika aktörssammansättning och olika geografiska skalnivåer. Kommunens egenskap som enhetligt territorium kan därmed problematiseras.

  • 181.
    Granberg, Mikael
    Örebro universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Alla talar om vädret: svenska kommuner, klimatförändringar och samverkan2006Inngår i: Kommunal ekonomi och politik, ISSN 1402-8700, Vol. 10, nr 1, s. 9-35Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Climate change is one of the most challenging global issues today. Acknowledging no political or administrative borders it has to be tackled at all levels of society. This article focuses on how and to what degree Swedish municipalities cooperate with actors on different societal levels. How does politics, the levels of CO2 emissions and municipal resources affect the patterns of cooperation? The empirical material in this study is a survey conducted in the year 2005, a database with data from all Swedish municipalities, statistics from Statistics Sweden, the Swedish Association of Local Authorities and Regions and the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency. Among the conclusions are that the municipalities are involved in multilevel governance but mainly with other municipalities or other public actors. Politics and resources matter while CO2 emissions have less explanatory-power concerning the municipalities activities in co-operations addressing climate change. The state plays an important role in stimulating municipalities to address the issue of climate change.

  • 182.
    Granberg, Mikael
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för humaniora, utbildning och samhällsvetenskap.
    Almost like government ...2009Inngår i: Urban Policy and Research, ISSN 0811-1146, E-ISSN 1476-7244, Vol. 27, nr 4, s. 333-336Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 183.
    Granberg, Mikael
    Örebro universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Från lokal välfärdsstat till stadspolitik: politiska processer mellan demokrati och effektivitet: vision Mälarstaden och Östra hamnen i Västerås2004Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The main aim of the thesis is to analyse the preconditions of contemporary Swedish city politics. The aim is reached through the answering of three questions; 1), what characterises contemporary Swedish city politics? 2), what contributes to the shaping and organisation of urban political processes in Sweden? 3), what problems and challenges are central to Swedish city politics?

    Based on interviews, documents and articles an empirical study of a Swedish city (Västerås) in its historical, national and international context is taken as a point of departure for reflections and conclusions with regard to the development of city politics and planning in Sweden. City politics in the studied city is analysed within the wider context of Swedish welfare state development and the international and global processes that have potential effects on national and city politics. The relationship between the historical development and urban politics is conceptualised by an approach where local actors act within structures that both constrain and enable action. Crucial concepts guiding the analysis are agenda, interests, representation, actors, democracy, planning, networks and legitimation.

    In conclusion the study shows how a specific urban process is influenced by courses of events at different societal levels, events that contribute to the formation of a contextual setting where the concrete actions are staged and played out. Global and international phenomena influence politics at the national level with consequences for the configuration of central-local relations and other preconditions of urban political processes. Urban politics occur within a framework that is favourable to the interests of some actors and negative to others. Thus, urban politics is deeply affected by extra-local determinants with substantial effects upon the urban environment. To survive and develop in a world ridden by such strong forces city politics faces the dual challenge of acting efficiently, i.e. being sensitive to the needs and demands of local elites, while keeping its democratic legitimacy, i.e. being sensitive to the needs and demands of all citizens.

  • 184.
    Granberg, Mikael
    Örebro universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Local Governance 'in Swedish'?: Globalisation, Local Welfare Government and Beyond2008Inngår i: Local Government Studies, ISSN 0300-3930, E-ISSN 1743-9388, Vol. 34, nr 3, s. 363-377Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article local governance in the Swedish context is discussed. A case study of a Swedish city is framed in its historical, national and international context. By locating the redevelopment of an old harbour within a historical context, new insights are brought into the understanding of local governance. Cities are indeed nested. Deteriorating public finances, the deregulation of the economy (nationally and globally), the changed status of the welfare state, the restructuring of industry and the neo-liberal wave all taken together form a formidable challenge. A radical questioning of the values,

    principles and forms of the Swedish welfare state has tangible impacts on local governance. It is concluded that Swedish municipal actors face the dual challenge of acting efficiently (being sensitive to the needs and demands of local elites), while keeping democratic legitimacy (being sensitive to the needs and demands of all citizens).

  • 185.
    Granberg, Mikael
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Stadsplanering på entreprenad2005Inngår i: Spelet om staden / [ed] Gun Frank, Stockholm: Formas , 2005, s. 137-143Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 186.
    Granberg, Mikael
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för humaniora, utbildning och samhällsvetenskap.
    Uncertainty in decision making2008Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 187.
    Granberg, Mikael
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Elander, Ingemar
    Örebro universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Local governance and climate change: reflections on the Swedish experience2007Inngår i: Local Environment: the International Journal of Justice and Sustainability, ISSN 1354-9839, E-ISSN 1469-6711, Vol. 12, nr 5, s. 537-548Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The focus of this article is the Swedish experience of local governance and climate change, including mitigation and adaptation. The municipal response to these two challenges is set within a broader policy context that acknowledges Sweden as a pioneer in environmental governance, including its comparatively high ambitions with regard to the reduction of greenhouse ga emissions. Central–local relations in climate policy are analysed, and climate change mitigation and adaptation are exemplified by some snapshots of municipal initiatives, including the popular habit of networking between municipalities within as well as across national borders. In conclusion we briefly evaluate the Swedish local governance experience of climate change mitigation and adaptation to date as characterized by radical rhetoric and ambitious goals combined with a lot of promising initiatives, although still with fairly modest results in terms of tangible outcomes. Finally, we reflect upon what we consider to be the most important questions for future research on local governance and climate change.

  • 188.
    Granberg, Mikael
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för humaniora, utbildning och samhällsvetenskap.
    Glover, Leigh
    University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia.
    Adapting Australian cities to climate change: is there a growing risk of maladaptation?2011Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we propose that public climate change adaptation policy arises frompolitics and, accordingly, understanding and analysing such policy has to engagescholars with a keen interest in politics. In line with this proposition a distinguishingfeature in this paper is that it seeks to consider adaptation policy for cities in a politicalcontext. This paper aims to review issues associated with the public policy response toclimate change adaptation in Australian cities and consider whether the approachadopted by the federal government increases the risks of maladaptation.

  • 189.
    Granberg, Mikael
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för humaniora, utbildning och samhällsvetenskap.
    Glover, Leigh
    University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia.
    Trusting invisible hands?: Climate change, political institutions and the market2010Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 190.
    Granberg, Mikael
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Lidskog, Rolf
    Örebro universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Larsson, Stig
    Dealing with uncertainty: a case study of controlling insect populations in natural ecosystems2008Inngår i: Local Environment: the International Journal of Justice and Sustainability, ISSN 1354-9839, E-ISSN 1469-6711, Vol. 13, nr 7, s. 641-652Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyses the political process for handling an outbreak of an insect causing human allergic reactions. In the southern part of the Swedish island Gotland in the Baltic Sea, an outbreak of the northern pine processionary moth, Thaumetopoea pinivora,

    has occurred. With regard to the human nuisance and long-term effects on the tourist industry, demands have been raised for intervention to reduce and control the insect population. At the same time, there have been warnings against treating the insect

    population because there are knowledge gaps concerning the wider ecological consequences, including effects on biodiversity. This paper analyses the political process and its problemsolving

    efforts. Of particular interest is how it dealt with the issue of uncertainty. It was found that the uncertainty associated with the issue hindered the development of a shared understanding of the problem and a possible solution. There seems to be a growing need in society to develop the institutional capacity to handle complex issues that cross different sectors, regulatory frameworks and policy targets.

  • 191.
    Granberg, Mikael
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för humaniora, utbildning och samhällsvetenskap.
    Åström, Joachim
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för humaniora, utbildning och samhällsvetenskap.
    Civic participation and interactive decision-making: a case study2010Inngår i: New forms of citizen participation: Normative implications / [ed] Erik Amnå, Baden-Baden: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft mbH & Co. KG , 2010, 1, s. 53-66Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 192.
    Gruszecki, Maria
    Örebro universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Regimen för mänskilga rättigheter och dess svårigheter2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 193.
    GRUSZECKI, MARIA
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för humaniora, utbildning och samhällsvetenskap.
    KARLSSON, ANNELIE
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för humaniora, utbildning och samhällsvetenskap.
    Hur ortodoxa är dagens utvecklingsteorier?: En studie av den pågående debatten kring utvecklingspolitik.2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 194.
    Grönlund, Åke
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, statistik och informatik.
    Democracy in an IT-framed society: introduction2001Inngår i: Communications of the ACM, ISSN 0001-0782, E-ISSN 1557-7317, Vol. 44, nr 1, s. 23-26Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 195.
    Grönlund, Åke
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, statistik och informatik.
    Introduction to the special issue on e-democracy in practice: methods, infrastructures and discourse2002Inngår i: e-Service Journal, ISSN 1528-8226, E-ISSN 1528-8234, Vol. 2, nr 1, s. 3-8Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 196.
    Guhrén, Gustaf
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Engström, Jonas
    Örebro universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Den politiska kulturens förutsättningar. En jämförande studie av Chile, Ecuador, Peru och Uruguay2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 197.
    Gustavsson, Eva
    et al.
    Örebro universitet.
    Elander, Ingemar
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Local and Regional Climate Change Mitigation in the Financial Crisis: Burden or Opportunity?2009Inngår i: The 15th ISDR Conference 2009 in Utrecht, 2009Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract to the track Responding to the Financial Crisis: Opportunities for Ecological Transition from/within a Colapsed Economy

    There is a growing awareness in cities, regions and nations all over the world of an ongoing global warming and its effects. The industrialized world has undertaken the task to lower the green house gas emissions, and even stronger commitments to that goal may be taken in future agreements. Opponents argue that this implies restrictions that threaten economic development; others argue that climate change mitigation can be looked upon as an opportunity to enhance national and regional economic development and the creation of new jobs. In times of economic decline, innovations in climate friendly technology are sometimes put forward by national and local governments as an appropriate cure. This follows the line of argumentation found in the ecological modernization discourse. To make it short - economic growth and the creation of new jobs is a challenge that has become top priority for cities and regions in the current state of economic crisis. How does this combine with high ambitions in combating climate change? Is it possible to make a win-win solution out of these challenges? Based on two Swedish case studies, we identify two different, locally based solutions to this challenge. In both cases networking on different scales and across sectors is part of the strategy. In one of the cases the city is very active in using a number of multi-scalar networks as platforms both for advertising climate friendly production and boosting itself as a forerunner in climate mitigation. Although not really boosting its ambition to contribute to climate change mitigation the other city is also involved in networking, particularly at the regional level. The case studies show that different geographies, different historical paths of development, and the presence of key actors together determine the way climate mitigation and climate friendly production are combined with growth strategies in the two cities. In what way the current financial crisis will affect the fairly ambitious climate mitigation policies of the two cities is too early to say, but will be hypothetically discussed in the concluding part of the paper.

  • 198.
    Gustavsson, Eva
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för humaniora, utbildning och samhällsvetenskap.
    Elander, Ingemar
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för humaniora, utbildning och samhällsvetenskap.
    Lundmark, Mats
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för humaniora, utbildning och samhällsvetenskap.
    Multilevel governance, networking cities and the geography of climate-change mitigation: two Swedish examples2009Inngår i: Environment and Planning. C, Government and Policy, ISSN 0263-774X, E-ISSN 1472-3425, Vol. 27, nr 1, s. 59-74Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    What geographical and instiutional conditions are important for initiating and sustaining climate-change mitigation at the local level? Taking this question as a point of departure, we analyze local climate mitigation as a case of multilevel network governance. This is illustrated by the case of two Swedish cities, which are both involved in city networking in favour of climate-change mitigation. Different business structures and other local conditions in significant ways influence both the level of ambition and the climate-policy strategies of the two cities, The sheer size and intensity of the networking activities clearly illustrate the fact that cities are increasingly becoming arenas of globalization, rather than passive victims of global forces, thus confirming the call for a multilevel netork-governance approach in policy and politics as well as in research.

  • 199.
    Haddad, Adama
    Örebro universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Demokrati och konflikt i Libanon: en historisk genomgång2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 200.
    Hagström, Christoffer
    Örebro universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Anledningar till staters anskaffande och behållande av kärnvapen och faktorer som påverkar staters kärnvapenpolitik2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to explain why states obtain nuclear weapons and the role various

    actors and interests play in the making of states´ nuclear policies. The main questions are as

    follows: (1) What big theories exist concerning states obtaining nuclear weapon and nuclear

    armament in International Relations and what relevance do they have of the post cold-war period?,

    (2) What is the meaning of the perspective of the Military-Industrial Complex (MIC)?, and (3)Are

    there empirical studies which supports the existence of a MIC in the United States?

    The focus lies on actors and driving forces that are internal to states and it is also important to

    investigate if the theories have relevance for the post 9/11-era. The study uses the method of

    qualitative literature-study with some quantitative segments. It is claimed that states might be

    interested in justifying their behaviour in a morally appealing way and that real reasons may be

    hidden. There are many reasons for states to obtain and keep nuclear weapons and related

    technology (which includes many of the most lucrative elements of the arms industry´s sales).

    Among this reasons are that arms and related technology may be used to influence other states and

    nuclear weapons-construction and modernisation might be used to protect the state from external

    threats, stop unwanted interference from other actors, secure job and gain recognition and prestige

    in world politics. For security reasons states might hold onto their own nuclear weapons and try to

    hinder other actors from getting access to them. The internal actors and driving forces we look at

    are bureaucratic, economical and political, and the MIC-perspective. The military can be said to

    have interests in as much resources and capabilities as possible, which includes advanced

    weaponary such as nuclear weapons and related technologies, at its disposal because of the goal to

    defend the state from all possible threats and for officers career reasons. Much of its influence is

    said to come from its expert knowledge and position and it is said to be especially influential in

    matters of foreign policy, military spending and foreign policy. The major economical actors

    mentioned are big corporations involved in military spending and these have interests in

    maximizing profits. Nuclear weapons making and maintenance and the related areas of missile

    defense and delivering methods for nuclear weapons seem to be areas with high changes of being

    profitable for the involved major companies. The actors wield influence for example through

    lobbying and campaign contributions. An economic driving force claim is that state spending is

    necessary for stimulating the economy and defense spending is easily justified in other ways.

    Political actors and driving forces concerns politicians interest in promoting the interests of

    supporting groups, there are indications that the weapon industry is such a group. Research have

    shown various results about the extent politicians tend to further the interests of supporting groups.

    The MIC-perspective talks about groups with interest in high levels of military spending. Most

    researchers seem to agree that the complex exists but there are different opinions about what actors

    belongs to it and its power on various issues. There is some mention of the core of the complex

    consisting of such internal actors as mentioned above. MIC-related empirical research has been

    conducted and this author finds that the MIC is a relevant analytical tool for the post cold war – and

    9/11 era.

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