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  • 151.
    Andrén, Daniela
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Svensson, Mikael
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Part-time sick leave as a treatment method for individuals with musculoskeletal disorders2009Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Part-time sick leave as a treatment method for individuals with musculoskeletal disorders
  • 152.
    Andrén, Daniela
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Vimefall, Elin
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Well-being and the Willingness to Pay for an Intervention Aimed to Decrease Depression2019Ingår i: Fourteenth Workshop on Costs and Assessment in Psychiatry ‘The Value of Mental Health Services’ Venice - March 29-31, 2019: Book of Abstracts, John Wiley & Sons, 2019, Vol. 22Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 153.
    Andrén, Ebba
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Ska depressionsprevention erbjudas till studenter?: En studie om universitetsstudenters betalningsvilja för depressionsprevention samt dess determinanter2021Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 154.
    Andrén, Thomas
    et al.
    IZA, Bonn, Germany.
    Andrén, Daniela
    Department of Economics, Göteborg University, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Assessing the employment effects of vocational training using a one-factor model2006Ingår i: Applied Economics, ISSN 0003-6846, E-ISSN 1466-4283, Vol. 38, nr 21, s. 2469-2486Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Matching estimators use observed variables to adjust for differences between groups to eliminate sample selection bias. When minimum relevant information is not available, matching estimates are biased. If access to data on usually unobserved factors that determine the selection process is unavailable, other estimators should be used. This study advocates the one-factor control function estimator that allows for unobserved heterogeneity with factor-loading technique. Treatment effects of vocational training in Sweden are estimated with mean and distributional parameters, and then compared with matching estimates. The results indicate that unobservables slightly increase the treatment effect for those treated.

  • 155.
    Andrén, Thomas
    et al.
    Saco.
    Andrén, Daniela
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Never give up?: The persistence of welfare participation in Sweden2013Ingår i: IZA Journal of European Labor Studies, E-ISSN 2193-9012, Vol. 2, nr 1Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Long-term social assistance dependency is a growing concern in Sweden and other European countries. In order for policy makers to design effective welfare reforms it is important to know how strong the state dependence associated with social assistance is in the population and to what extent it varies with different factors, and among different groups. We estimate the effect of the state dependence in social assistance for Sweden during the 1990s, for both Swedish-born and foreign-born. Using a dynamic discrete choice model that controls for unobserved heterogeneity and the initial conditions problem, we found that the effect is three times larger for foreign-born compared to Swedish-born. However, when the effect is distributed over time, it decreases and loses significance after three years for both groups. This suggests that resources should be allocated for programs that connect working-age recipients with the labor market as early as possible.

  • 156.
    Angelis, Jannis
    et al.
    Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden; Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN), Stockholm, Sweden.
    Häger Glenngård, Anna
    Lund University School of Economics and Management, Lund, Sweden; Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN), Stockholm, Sweden.
    Jordahl, Henrik
    Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN), Stockholm, Sweden; CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute), Munich, Germany; IZA, Bonn, Germany.
    Management Practices and the Quality of Primary Care2017Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Using the World Management Survey method, we map and analyse management quality in Swedish primary care centres. On average, private providers have higher management quality than public ones. We also find that centres with a high overall social deprivation among enrolled patients tend to have higher management quality. Regarding quality of care, we find that management quality is positively associated with accessibility, but not with patient reported experience.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Management Practices and the Quality of Primary Care
  • 157.
    Angelis, Jannis
    et al.
    Industriell Management, KTH, Sweden; Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN), Stockholm, Sweden.
    Jordahl, Henrik
    Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN), Stockholm, Sweden.
    Att styra och leda äldreomsorg: Hur går det till och vad kan förbättras?2014Bok (Refereegranskat)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Att styra och leda äldreomsorg. Hur går det till och vad kan förbättras?
  • 158.
    Angelis, Jannis
    et al.
    KTH, Industriell Management, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Jordahl, Henrik
    The Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN), Stockholm, Sweden.
    Management practices in elderly care homes2014Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 159.
    Angelis, Jannis
    et al.
    KTH, Industriell Management, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Jordahl, Henrik
    Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN), Stockholm, Sweden.
    Performance management practices and elderly care2014Ingår i: Proceedings of the Performance Management Conference, 2014Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The study compares management practices in private and publicly owned elderly care homes. The demands for cost-effective care combined with emphasis on client experience highlights the importance of appropriate management practices.

    Method: The study utilises a survey of 500 homes covering management practices on monitoring, performance management, and staff development. These are highly correlated, allowing for treating the practices both in aggregate and individually in the analysis. Additional questions capture information on site and management conditions.

    Findings: Management practices employed at the elderly care homes vary greatly, with high and low individual scores found in most homes. But private homes consistently score higher than public homes, especially when it comes to incentive practices. Also, elderly care homes of both ownership forms score at the top and bottom of each management practice. But looking at the average management score, there are fewer private homes that score really low and more private homes that score really high.

    Practical implications: The results identify given characteristics and maturity of the various management practices employed to plan and control operations in the elderly care homes, and provides managerial and staff insights into their use.

    Originality: The application and impact of standard management practices has previously been limited in publicly funded services. Little is known about management practices in elderly care and whether the practices are associated with better performance.

  • 160.
    Angelis, Jannis
    et al.
    KTH, Industriell Management, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Jordahl, Henrik
    Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN), Stockholm, Sweden.
    Using management practices in welfare2014Ingår i: Proceedings of the European Operations Management Conference, 2014Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We use a well-established measure of management practices to assess management quality in 500 nursing homes. 19 individual management practices are assessed, clustered into the three areas operations, targets, and incentives. We find that overall and area specific management scores vary greatly among nursing homes. On average, private homes score higher than public homes, in particular when it comes to incentives and reallocation of low performing staff.

  • 161.
    Angelis, Jannis
    et al.
    KTH, Industriell Management, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Jordahl, Henrik
    The Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN), Stockholm, Sweden.
    Glenngård, Anna
    Vårdcentraler på rätt spår2016Ingår i: Dagens Samhälle, ISSN 1652-6511Artikel, recension (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 162.
    Antipin, Jan-Erik
    et al.
    Finnish Tax Administration.
    Boumediene, Farid Jimmy
    Confederation of Swedish Enterprise, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Österholm, Pär
    National Institute of Economic Research, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Forecasting Inflation Using Constant Gain Least Squares2014Ingår i: Australian Economic Papers, ISSN 0004-900X, E-ISSN 1467-8454, Vol. 53, nr 1-2, s. 2-15Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper assesses the usefulness of constant gain least squares when forecasting inflation.An out-of-sample forecast exercise is conducted, in which univariate autoregressive models for inflation in Australia, Sweden, the United Kingdom and the United States are used. The results suggest that it is possible to improve the forecast accuracy by employing constant gain least squares instead of ordinary least squares. In particular, when using a gain of 0.05, constant gain least squares generally outperforms the corresponding autoregressive model estimated with ordinary least squares. In fact, at longer forecast horizons, the root mean square forecast error is reliably lowered for all four countries and for all lag lengths considered in the study.

  • 163.
    Antipin, Jan-Erik
    et al.
    Finnish Tax Administration.
    Boumediene, Farid Jimmy
    Svenskt näringsliv, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Österholm, Pär
    National Institute of Economic Research, Stockholm, Sweden.
    On the Usefulness of Constant Gain Least Squares when Forecasting the Unemployment Rate2014Ingår i: Applied Economics Quarterly, ISSN 1611-6607, Vol. 60, nr 4, s. 315-336Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we assess the usefulness of constant gain least squares (CGLS) when forecasting the unemployment rate. Using quarterly data from 1970 to 2009, we conduct an out-of-sample forecast exercise in which univariate autoregressive models for the unemployment rate in Australia, Sweden, the United Kingdom and the United States are employed. Results show that CGLS very rarely outperforms OLS. At horizons of six to eight quarters, OLS is always associated with higher forecast precision, regardless of model size or gain employed for Australia, Sweden and the United States. Our findings suggest that while CGLS has been shown valuable when forecasting certain macroeconomic time series, it has shortcomings when forecasting the unemployment rate. One problematic feature is found to be an increased tendency for the autoregressive model to have explosive dynamics when estimated with CGLS.

  • 164.
    Anyadike-Danes, Michael
    et al.
    Aston Business School and Enterprise Research Centre, UK.
    Bjuggren, Carl Magnus
    Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN), Sweden.
    Dumont, Michel
    Federal Planning Bureau and Ghent University, Belgium.
    Gottschalk, Sandra
    ZEW, Germany.
    Hölzl, Werner
    Austrian Institute of Economic Research (WIFO), Austria.
    Johansson, Dan
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet. HUI Research, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Maliranta, Mika
    ETLA, Helsingfors, Finland; University of Jyväskylä, Finland.
    Myrann, Anja
    Ragnar Frisch Centre for Economic Research, Norway.
    Nielsen, Kristian
    Aalborg University, Denmark.
    Zheng, Guanyu
    Productivity Commission, New Zealand.
    An International Comparison of the Contribution to Job Creation by High-growth Firms2018Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper addresses three simple questions: how should the contribution of HGFs to job creation be measured? how much does this contribution vary across countries? to what extent does the cross-country variation depend on variation in the proportion of HGFs in the business population? The first is a methodological question which we answer using a more highly articulated version of the standard job creation and destruction accounts. The other two are empirical questions which we answer using a purpose-built dataset assembled from national firm-level sources and covering nine countries, spanning the ten three year periods from 2000/03 to 2009/12. The basic principle governing the development of the accounting framework is the choice of appropriate comparators. Firstly, when measuring contributions to job creation, we should focus on just job creating firms, otherwise we are summing over contributions from firms with positive, zero, and negative job creation numbers. Secondly, because we know growth depends in part on size, the ’natural’ comparison for HGFs is with job creation by similar-sized firms which simply did not grow as fast as HGFs. However, we also show how the measurement framework can be further extended to include, for example, a consistent measure of the contribution of small job creating firms. On the empirical side, we find that the HGF share of job creation by large job creating firms varies across countries by a factor of two, from around one third to two thirds. A relatively small proportion of this cross-country variation is accounted for by variations in the influence of HGFs on job creation. On average HGFs generated between three or four times as many jobs as large non-HGF job creating firms, but this ratio is relatively similar across countries. The bulk of the cross-country variation in HGF contribution to job creation is accounted for by the relative abundance (or rarity) of HGFs. Moreover, we also show that the measurement of abundance depends upon the choice of measurement framework: the ’winner’ of a cross-national HGF ’beauty context’ on one measure will not necessarily be the winner on another.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    An International Comparison of the Contribution to Job Creation by High-growth Firms
  • 165.
    Anyadike-Danes, Michael
    et al.
    Aston Business School and Enterprise Research Centre, Aston University, Birmingham, UK.
    Bjuggren, Carl Magnus
    Nationalekonomi, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, Sweden.
    Gottschalk, Sandra
    Centre for European Economic Research (ZEW), Mannheim, Germany.
    Hölzl, Werner
    Institute of Economic Research, Austrian Institute of Economic Research (WIFO), Vienna, Austria.
    Johansson, Dan
    HUI Research, Stockholm, Sweden; Dalarna University, Falun, Sweden.
    Maliranta, Mika
    Research Institute of the Finnish Economy Research projects (ETLA ), Helsinki, Finland; University of Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä, Finland.
    Myrann, Anja
    Ragnar Frisch Centre for Economic Research, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.
    Accounting for Job Growth: Disentangling Size and Age Effects in an International Cohort Comparison2013Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The contribution of different-sized businesses to job creation continues to attract policymakers’ attention, however, it has recently been recognized that conclusions about size were confounded with the effect of age. We probe the role of size, controlling for age, by comparing the cohorts of firms born in 1998 over their first decade of life, using variation across half a dozen northern European countries Austria, Finland, Germany, Norway, Sweden, and the UK to pin down the effects. We find that a very small proportion of the smallest firms play a crucial role in accounting for cross-country differences in job growth.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 166.
    Anyadike-Danes, Michael
    et al.
    Aston Business School, Birmingham, United Kingdom; Enterprise Research Centre, Birmingham, United Kingdom.
    Bjuggren, Carl Magnus
    Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN), Stockholm, Sweden.
    Gottschalk, Sandra
    Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung (ZEW), Mannheim, Germany.
    Hölzl, Werner
    Österreichisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung ( WIFO), Wien, Austria.
    Johansson, Dan
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet. Handelns Utredningsinstitut (HUI) Research, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Maliranta, Mika
    Research Institute of the Finnish Economy (ETLA), Helsinki, Finland; University of Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä, Finland.
    Myrann, Anja
    Ragnar Frisch Centre for Economic Research, Oslo, Norway.
    An international cohort comparison of size effects on job growth2015Ingår i: Small Business Economics, ISSN 0921-898X, E-ISSN 1573-0913, Vol. 44, nr 4, s. 821-844Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The contribution of different-sized businesses to job creation continues to attract policymakers’ attention; however, it has recently been recognised that conclusions about size were confounded with the effect of age. We probe the role of size, controlling for age, by comparing the cohorts of firms born in 1998 over their first decade of life, using variation across half a dozen northern European countries Austria, Finland, Germany, Norway, Sweden and the UK to pin down size effects. We find that a very small proportion of the smallest firms play a crucial role in accounting for cross-country differences in job growth. A closer analysis reveals that the initial size distribution and survival rates do not seem to explain job growth differences between countries, rather it is a small number of rapidly growing firms that are driving this result.

  • 167.
    Anér, Emilie
    et al.
    Swedish National Board of Trade.
    Graneli, Anna
    Swedish National Board of Trade.
    Lodefalk, Magnus
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Cross-border movement of persons stimulates trade2015Ingår i: VoxEU.orgArtikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    A large body of research has established a positive link between immigrants and bilateral trade. However, the temporary movement of people across borders has received less attention. This column uses Swedish data to analyse the impact of temporary cross-border movement on trade. Recently arrived migrants are found to reduce the negative impact of distance on foreign trade, by assisting firms to overcome informal and informational barriers to trade with their origin country. Facilitating movement of people across borders can be a highly useful tool for engaging in and benefitting from specialised and internationalised production networks.

  • 168.
    Apel, Mikael
    et al.
    Sveriges riksbank, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Österholm, Pär
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Alltför långtgående slutsatser om implikationerna av sekulär stagnation för penningpolitiken2017Ingår i: Ekonomisk Debatt, ISSN 0345-2646, Vol. 45, nr 7, s. 65-67Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 169.
    Aranki, Ted
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Daoud, Yousef
    Competition, substitution, or discretion: an analysis of Palestinian and foreign guest workers in the Israeli labor market2010Ingår i: Journal of Population Economics, ISSN 0933-1433, E-ISSN 1432-1475, Vol. 23, nr 4, s. 1275-1300Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates the effects of foreign workers on labor market outcomes for Palestinian workers in the Israeli labor market. The paper utilizes a micro-dataset on the Palestinian labor force combined with time-series data on foreign workers in Israel. The data covers the period 1999–2003, a period in which Israel enforced a strict closure on labor (and goods) movement, particularly in 2001 and 2002. The evidence suggests that foreign workers in Israel do not affect Palestinian employment; however, an increase in the number of foreign workers in Israel tends to reduce Israeli wages paid to Palestinian workers from the Gaza Strip. The Israeli closure policy appears to be the main cause for the substantial reduction in long-run Palestinian employment levels in Israel, not the presence of foreign workers.

  • 170.
    Aranki, Ted N.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, statistik och informatik.
    The effect of household characteristics when estimating the economic returns to schooling in the Palestinian labor marketManuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 171.
    Aranki, Ted N.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, statistik och informatik.
    The effect of Israeli closure policy on wage earnings in the West bank and Gaza stripManuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyzes the effects of the Israeli closure policy on the Palestinian wage earnings. The study decomposes the effect on the average daily wages, days worked, and employment. It also illuminates the distributional impacts on different groups in the economy with respect to potential heterogeneous effects on daily wages and days worked. Closure has a negative and significant effect on the wages, workdays, and employment outcome in the West Bank and Gaza Strip. The effect differs between the two regions. The external closure appears to have been more detrimental for residents in the Gaza Strip relative to West Bankers. Furthermore, the Israeli demand for Gazan workers appears to have diminished, indicating an Israeli policy of political and economic separation of the Gaza Strip.

  • 172.
    Aranki, Ted N.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, statistik och informatik.
    The impact of foreign workers in Israel on the Palestinian labor marketManuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 173.
    Aranki, Ted N.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, statistik och informatik.
    Wages, unemployment and regional differences: empirical studies of the Palestinian labor market2006Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis consists of four essays analyzing wages, unemployment and regional differences in the Palestinian labor market.

    Paper [I] investigates the effects of the Israeli closure policy on Palestinian wage earnings. Closure has a significant impact on the Palestinian labor force in the West Bank and Gaza Strip. However, the effect differs between the two regions. The estimated models show that closure affects the Gaza Strip more than the West Bank. This could indicate that external closure is more damaging than internal closure. The reason is that external closure has been more strictly enforced in the Gaza Strip compared to the West Bank, which has suffered from a more severe internal closure.

    Paper [II] examines the effects of foreign workers on labor market outcomes for Palestinian workers from the West Bank and Gaza Strip. The data covers the period 1999-2003, a period in which Israel enforced a strict closure on labor (and goods) movement. The evidence suggests that foreign workers in Israel do not affect Palestinian employment; however, an increase in the number of foreign workers in Israel tends to reduce Israeli wages paid to Gazans. The Israeli closure policy appears to be the main cause of the substantial reduction in long-run Palestinian employment levels in Israel, not the presence of foreign workers.

    Paper [III] (co-authored with Yousef Daoud) investigates the determinants of unemployment duration in the Palestinian territories. This paper is the first study analyzing unemployment duration for Palestinian males; it covers a sensitive period (1999-2003) which in part witnessed a sharp increase in unemployment resulting from the closure of the Israeli labor market to many Palestinians. Non-parametric, semi-parametric, and full parametric methods were used to investigate the importance of individual and local labor market characteristics. The results indicate no significant differences between semi- and full-parametric methods. The Intifada has significantly lowered the hazard rate throughout the Palestinian territories, however, more so for the West Bank than the Gaza Strip. The probability of leaving unemployment is substantially lower in Gaza. Thus, the risk of long-term unemployment for individuals becoming unemployed is higher in that region.

    Paper [IV] estimates the economic returns to schooling in the Palestinian territories, and examines the relationship between household characteristics and the returns received by male household members in the labor market. The basic findings are that the economic returns to schooling are very low. Yet, the least-square estimate of the economic returns to schooling in Palestine is overestimated because of omitted unobservable household characteristics from the wage-schooling relationship. This is true even after correcting for measurement error in the schooling variable. The measurement-error-corrected least-square estimator of the returns to schooling is overestimated by 32 percent. Nevertheless, the omitted variable bias is of different magnitude in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip. In fact, the least-square estimator of the returns to schooling in the West Bank is more biased upwards, due to omitted unobservable household characteristics, than measurement error biases the estimated returns downwards. The results for the Gaza Strip indicate on the contrary no such bias, as the upward bias due to omitted variables is roughly offset by the attenuation bias due to errors in the measurement of schooling.

    Delarbeten
    1. The effect of Israeli closure policy on wage earnings in the West bank and Gaza strip
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>The effect of Israeli closure policy on wage earnings in the West bank and Gaza strip
    (Engelska)Manuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyzes the effects of the Israeli closure policy on the Palestinian wage earnings. The study decomposes the effect on the average daily wages, days worked, and employment. It also illuminates the distributional impacts on different groups in the economy with respect to potential heterogeneous effects on daily wages and days worked. Closure has a negative and significant effect on the wages, workdays, and employment outcome in the West Bank and Gaza Strip. The effect differs between the two regions. The external closure appears to have been more detrimental for residents in the Gaza Strip relative to West Bankers. Furthermore, the Israeli demand for Gazan workers appears to have diminished, indicating an Israeli policy of political and economic separation of the Gaza Strip.

    Nationell ämneskategori
    Nationalekonomi
    Forskningsämne
    Nationalekonomi
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-3075 (URN)
    Tillgänglig från: 2006-05-09 Skapad: 2006-05-09 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-10-18Bibliografiskt granskad
    2. The impact of foreign workers in Israel on the Palestinian labor market
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>The impact of foreign workers in Israel on the Palestinian labor market
    (Engelska)Manuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Nationalekonomi
    Forskningsämne
    Nationalekonomi
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-3076 (URN)
    Tillgänglig från: 2006-05-09 Skapad: 2006-05-09 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-10-18Bibliografiskt granskad
    3. Unemployment duration in the Palestinian territories: an analysis of personal and political factors
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Unemployment duration in the Palestinian territories: an analysis of personal and political factors
    2011 (Engelska)Ingår i: Progress in economic research: volume 21 / [ed] Thomas L. Wouters, Hauppauge, NY: Nova Science Publishers, Inc., 2011, s. 107-132Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
    Hauppauge, NY: Nova Science Publishers, Inc., 2011
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Nationalekonomi
    Forskningsämne
    Nationalekonomi
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-3077 (URN)978-1-61122-808-3 (ISBN)
    Tillgänglig från: 2006-05-09 Skapad: 2006-05-09 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-10-18Bibliografiskt granskad
    4. The effect of household characteristics when estimating the economic returns to schooling in the Palestinian labor market
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>The effect of household characteristics when estimating the economic returns to schooling in the Palestinian labor market
    (Engelska)Manuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Nationalekonomi
    Forskningsämne
    Nationalekonomi
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-3078 (URN)
    Tillgänglig från: 2006-05-09 Skapad: 2006-05-09 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-10-18Bibliografiskt granskad
  • 174.
    Aranki, Ted N.
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, statistik och informatik.
    Daoud, Yousef
    Unemployment duration in the Palestinian territories: an analysis of personal and political factors2011Ingår i: Progress in economic research: volume 21 / [ed] Thomas L. Wouters, Hauppauge, NY: Nova Science Publishers, Inc., 2011, s. 107-132Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 175.
    Arbin, Katarina
    Stockholm School of Economics, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Individual information system acceptance behaviour: An electronic ordering system case2009Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Organizations have spent and continue to spend millions of dollars on information systems (IS) in order to enable business success. Information systems have long been used to help managers make better decisions, better understand the nature of customers and improve employee productivity. They have enabled transformations in organizations, such as simplification and acceleration of work processes, and contributed to continued improvement and innovation in these processes. It is not that easy however to make this simplification and acceleration of work processes to happen. A common problem is that individuals that are supposed to use these systems do not use them, and if an information systems is to contribute to business success it has to be adopted and used. The question is therefore, how do we get individuals to adopt and use systems that are implemented?

    This dissertation focus on what influences individual adoption and use, and how we can get individuals to adopt and use systems that are implemented. The information system under investigation is an electronic ordering (e-ordering) system. E-ordering systems are used by individual end-users (requestors, authorizers and goods receivers) in an organization when ordering products and services. The system aims at contributing to reduced maverick (i.e. wild= purchases and increased compliance with a few centrally chosen suppliers, thus facilitating lower purchasing prices and a reduction of the costs for purchasing. The thesis also discusses the relative difficulty in getting individuals to continue to use the systems compared to get them to adopt it. Another issue that is discussed is that the acceptance process does not have to happen gradually, it can instead happen in short spurts. It is further discussed what can influence these spurts.

    Delarbeten
    1. E-procurement maturity in industry
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>E-procurement maturity in industry
    2003 (Engelska)Ingår i: International Journal of Electronic Business, ISSN 1470-6067, E-ISSN 1741-5063, Vol. 1, nr 4, s. 396-407Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
    Abstract [en]

    This paper aims to examine the use and implementation of electronic procurement for indirect material in eight large global companies, and investigate what kinds of barriers exist towards electronic procurement. The empirical evidence comes from interviews with e-procurement experts and operatives in eight global firms. Results show that three out of eight companies are using e-procurement and four are planning to do so in the future. Barriers shown by the empirical material are lack of technological standard, different IT-maturity among suppliers, resistance among users to leaving old suppliers, lack of support from top management, differences in language, culture and legal systems. Other barriers found are getting suppliers to update and control the electronic product catalogues and to monitor them and getting the users in the organisation to use the system.

    Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
    InderScience Publishers, 2003
    Nyckelord
    e-procurement, e-business, value, barriers, indirect material
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Ekonomi och näringsliv
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-66569 (URN)10.1504/IJEB.2003.004112 (DOI)
    Anmärkning

    Earlier version of this paper was presented during 11th Annual IPSERA Conference, the Netherlands, 25-27 March 2002.

    Tillgänglig från: 2018-04-12 Skapad: 2018-04-12 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-04-16Bibliografiskt granskad
    2. The road towards successful e-ordering implementation: Success factors and barriers
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>The road towards successful e-ordering implementation: Success factors and barriers
    2008 (Engelska)Ingår i: International Journal of procurement management, ISSN 1753-8432, E-ISSN 1753-8440, Vol. 1, nr 4, s. 415-429Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Implementing an e-ordering system in a successful way, i.e., managing the implementation process, overcoming the barriers that occur and achieving a satisfactory compliance rate, is not as easy as some consultants and software companies claim. Understanding how a given organisation has managed the implementation process (resulting in a satisfactory compliance rate) may help other organisations achieve the successful implementation of e-ordering systems. The present paper describes the implementation of an e-ordering system in a large pharmaceutical organisation, discussing the problems it faced and how those were overcome. An analysis of the success factors found in previous research is presented, revealing one area that influences implementation success to a larger extent: the end user uptake. A four-year longitudinal case study is presented, which is based on interviews, observations made in daily work, at meetings and training sessions, and other documentation.

    Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
    InderScience Publishers, 2008
    Nyckelord
    Barriers, Case study, E-ordering, E-procurement, Implementation, Longitudinal, Success factors
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Företagsekonomi
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-66420 (URN)10.1504/IJPM.2008.018429 (DOI)2-s2.0-48249142785 (Scopus ID)
    Tillgänglig från: 2018-04-09 Skapad: 2018-04-09 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-04-16Bibliografiskt granskad
    3. The structure of determinants of individual adoption and use of e-ordering systems
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>The structure of determinants of individual adoption and use of e-ordering systems
    2008 (Engelska)Ingår i: Human Systems Management, ISSN 0167-2533, E-ISSN 1875-8703, Vol. 27, nr 2, s. 143-159Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Electronic ordering (e-ordering) systems are currently being implemented in both private and public organizations. The advantages of these systems are widely acknowledged: increased compliance with use of fewer suppliers and improved efficiency. However, realizing these benefits is difficult due to end-user resistance to adopting and using such systems. The present paper proposes a framework inspired by adaptive structuration theory (AST) that functions as an analytical framework that helps to understand what structures and factors influence adoption and use of an e-ordering system. To the adapted AST framework is added factors of influence found in previous purchasing research, resulting in a framework that helps to understand adoption and use of an e-ordering system over time. The framework is tested using empirical data from a 4-year longitudinal case study. The paper embeds purchasing theory within the structuration framework of AST.

    Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
    IOS Press, 2008
    Nyckelord
    Adaptive structuration theory, E-ordering systems, E-procurement, Framework, IS adoption and use, Case studies, Electronic ordering, Empirical data, End users, Individual (PSS 544-7), Ordering system, Public organizations, Structuration, Health
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Företagsekonomi
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-66419 (URN)10.3233/HSM-2008-0676 (DOI)2-s2.0-48249112219 (Scopus ID)
    Tillgänglig från: 2018-04-09 Skapad: 2018-04-09 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-04-16Bibliografiskt granskad
    4. Structures influencing individual acceptance of e-ordering systems: Findings from a longitudinal case study
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Structures influencing individual acceptance of e-ordering systems: Findings from a longitudinal case study
    2010 (Engelska)Manuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Using structures from adaptive structuration theory as an analytic tool and analysing data from a four-year longitudinal case study, the present paper focuses on structures that inhibit and enable end-user adoption and use of an e-ordering system. The structures presented, including routines, culture and how to order and authorize in the e-ordering system, have not previously been discussed in e-ordering research. Structures found to influence endusers’ adoption and use of the e-ordering system are: the restrictiveness and comprehensiveness of the technical system’s structural features, the order, working and authorization routine in place prior to the e-ordering system, and how well these routines correspond with how to order and authorize in the system. Organizational culture was also found to affect end-users’ acceptance of the e-ordering system.

    Nyckelord
    E-ordering, end-user, adoption, use, acceptance, structure, routines, adaptive structuration theory, longitudinal, case study
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Ekonomi och näringsliv
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-66597 (URN)
    Anmärkning

    Conditionally accepted for publication in Journal of Purchasing and Supply Management.

    Tillgänglig från: 2018-04-13 Skapad: 2018-04-13 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-05-18Bibliografiskt granskad
    5. Individual e-ordering acceptance: An analysis of literature-generated practical recommendations
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Individual e-ordering acceptance: An analysis of literature-generated practical recommendations
    2010 (Engelska)Manuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The benefits of electronic ordering (e-ordering) systems are widely acknowledged, but achieving these benefits remains a challenge, in large part due to end-users’ resistance to using such systems. The present paper aims at making a contribution to this area by analysing practical recommendations given in the literature on individual e-ordering acceptance, thus increasing our understanding of the possibilities managers have to influence adoption and use behaviour. The literature-generated recommendations are analysed using empirical data from a 4-year longitudinal case study conducted at an organization that in 2002 began implementing an e-ordering system and by 2006 had achieved the planned compliance rate.

    Nyckelord
    E-ordering, end-users, acceptance, adoption, use, practical/managerial recommendations
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Ekonomi och näringsliv
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-66594 (URN)
    Anmärkning

    Conditionally accepted for publication in International Journal of Procurement Management.

    Tillgänglig från: 2018-04-13 Skapad: 2018-04-13 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-05-18Bibliografiskt granskad
  • 176.
    Armelius, Hanna
    et al.
    Sveriges Riksbank, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Solberger, Martin
    Department of Statistics, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Spånberg, Erik
    Department of Statistics, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Österholm, Pär
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet. National Institute of Economic Research, Stockholm, Sweden; School of Economics, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia.
    The evolution of the natural rate of interest: evidence from the Scandinavian countries2023Ingår i: Empirical Economics, ISSN 0377-7332, E-ISSN 1435-8921Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, the natural rate of interest in Denmark, Norway and Sweden is estimated. This is done by augmenting the Laubach and Williams (Rev Econ Stat 85:1063-1070, 2003) framework with a dynamic factor model linked to economic indicators--a modelling choice which allows us to better identify business cycle fluctuations. We estimate the model using Bayesian methods on data ranging from 1990Q1 to 2022Q4. The results indicate that the natural rate has declined substantially and in all countries is at a low level at the end of the sample.

  • 177. Arnek, Magnus
    et al.
    Bergman, MatsEdquist, HaraldHultkrantz, LarsÖrebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.Lundberg, SofiaSvensson, MikaelÖrebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Den offentliga sektorn: en antologi om att mäta produktivitet och prestationer2013Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 178.
    Arnell, Olof
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Passiv eller aktiv förvaltning: Spelar det någon roll?2017Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Passiv eller aktiv förvaltning: Spelar det någon roll?
  • 179.
    Arsene, Raluca
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Eriksson, Sofia
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Vilka faktorer ligger bakom att karteller uppstår och upprätthålls?: Med den svenska Asfaltkartellen som fallstudie2019Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 180.
    Arvidsson, Sara
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Does private information affect the insurance risk?: evidence from the automobile insurance marketManuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 181.
    Arvidsson, Sara
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Essays on asymmetric information in the automobile insurance market2010Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Delarbeten
    1. Does private information affect the insurance risk?: evidence from the automobile insurance market
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Does private information affect the insurance risk?: evidence from the automobile insurance market
    (Engelska)Manuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Nationalekonomi
    Forskningsämne
    Nationalekonomi
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-15375 (URN)
    Tillgänglig från: 2011-04-26 Skapad: 2011-04-26 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-10-17Bibliografiskt granskad
    2. Predictors of customer loyalty in automobile insurance: the role of private information in risky driving behavior and claim history
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Predictors of customer loyalty in automobile insurance: the role of private information in risky driving behavior and claim history
    (Engelska)Manuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Nationalekonomi
    Forskningsämne
    Nationalekonomi
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-15376 (URN)
    Tillgänglig från: 2011-04-26 Skapad: 2011-04-26 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-10-17Bibliografiskt granskad
    3. Traffic violations and insurance data: a note on the role of age, gender, annual mileage and vehicle brand
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Traffic violations and insurance data: a note on the role of age, gender, annual mileage and vehicle brand
    (Engelska)Manuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Nationalekonomi
    Forskningsämne
    Nationalekonomi
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-15377 (URN)
    Tillgänglig från: 2011-04-26 Skapad: 2011-04-26 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-10-17Bibliografiskt granskad
    4. Reducing asymmetric information with usage-based automobile insurance
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Reducing asymmetric information with usage-based automobile insurance
    (Engelska)Manuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Nationalekonomi
    Forskningsämne
    Nationalekonomi
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-15378 (URN)
    Tillgänglig från: 2011-04-26 Skapad: 2011-04-26 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-10-17Bibliografiskt granskad
    5. Voluntary internalization of speeding externalities
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Voluntary internalization of speeding externalities
    (Engelska)Manuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Nationalekonomi
    Forskningsämne
    Nationalekonomi
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-15379 (URN)
    Tillgänglig från: 2011-04-26 Skapad: 2011-04-26 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-10-17Bibliografiskt granskad
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
    Ladda ner (pdf)
    COVER01
    Ladda ner (pdf)
    SPIKBLAD01
  • 182.
    Arvidsson, Sara
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Predictors of customer loyalty in automobile insurance: the role of private information in risky driving behavior and claim historyManuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 183.
    Arvidsson, Sara
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Reducing asymmetric information with usage-based automobile insuranceManuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 184.
    Arvidsson, Sara
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Traffic violations and insurance data: a note on the role of age, gender, annual mileage and vehicle brandManuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 185.
    Asmah, Emmanuel
    et al.
    University of Cape Coast Ghana.
    Levin, Jörgen
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Aid-financed public investments and the Dutch disease: evidence from Tanzania2008Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we discuss the impact of scaling-up aid in Tanzania using an economy-wide dynamic CGE model. The major conclusions coming out from this work is that productivity effects matter. If additional aid and consequently increased public spending has a positive impact on productivity this would spur GDP growth and reduce the risk of an appreciating real exchange rate. In a way this resembles previous results in the aid-growth literature that aid has a positive impact on growth in a country with good economic policies assuming that good policies have a positive impact on productivity. Presenting various scenarios on the impact of additional aid a sustained GDP growth rate of around 7 percent would be possible to achieve in a modest scaling-up aid scenario without any significant changes in the real exchange rate.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Aid-Financed Public Investments and the Dutch Disease: Evidence from Tanzania
  • 186.
    Asplund, Disa
    et al.
    Division of Transport Economics, The Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute (VTI), Linköping, Sweden.
    Eliasson, Jonas
    Department of Transport Science, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Does uncertainty make cost-benefit analyses pointless?2016Ingår i: Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, ISSN 0965-8564, E-ISSN 1879-2375, Vol. 92, s. 195-205Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Cost-benefit analysis (CBA) is widely used in public decision making on infrastructure investments. However, the demand forecasts, cost estimates, benefit valuations and effect assessments that are conducted as part of CBAs are all subject to various degrees of uncertainty. The question is to what extent CBAs, given such uncertainties, are still useful as a way to prioritize between infrastructure investments, or put differently, how robust the policy conclusions of CBA are with respect to uncertainties. Using simulations based on real data on national infrastructure plans in Sweden and Norway, we study how investment selection and total realized benefits change when decisions are based on CBA assessments subject to several different types of uncertainty. Our results indicate that realized benefits and investment selection are surprisingly insensitive to all studied types of uncertainty, even for high levels of uncertainty. The two types of uncertainty that affect results the most are uncertainties about investment cost and transport demand. Provided that decisions are based on CBA outcomes, reducing uncertainty is still worthwhile, however, because of the huge sums at stake. Even moderate reductions of uncertainties about unit values, investment costs, future demand and project effects may increase the realized benefits infrastructure investment plans by tens or hundreds of million euros. We conclude that, despite the many types of uncertainties, CBA is able to fairly consistently separate the wheat from the chaff and hence contribute to substantially improved infrastructure decisions.

  • 187.
    Assarsson, Bengt
    et al.
    National Institute of Economic Research, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Österholm, Pär
    National Institute of Economic Research, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Do Swedish Consumer Confidence Indicators Do What They Are Intended to Do?2015Ingår i: Applied Economics Quarterly, ISSN 1611-6607, Vol. 61, nr 4, s. 391-404Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we investigate whether the two main consumer confidence indicators available for Sweden – that of the National Institute of Economic Research and that of the European Commission – can nowcast Swedish household consumption expenditure. In a simulated out-of-sample nowcast exercise, we find that the consumer confidence indicator of the National Institute of Economic Research appears most useful for this purpose. The root mean square error of the nowcast from the model employing this indicator is the lowest of all models relying on survey data. The nowcasting performance of the model using the consumer confidence indicator of the European Commission is less impressive; while it outperforms the simplest possible benchmark model, its root mean square error is considerably higher than that of the model relying on the consumer confidence indicator of the National Institute of Economic Research. An implication of our findings is that while the European Commission’s survey programme may have been successful in creating a set of harmonised data for the member countries of the European Union, it is not obvious that the harmonised indicators are the most relevant ones for analysis, nowcasting or forecasting in each country.

  • 188.
    Baccini, Leonardo
    et al.
    Department of Political Science, McGill University, Montreal Québec, Canada.
    Lodefalk, Magnus
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet. Ratio; GLO.
    Sabolová, Radka
    Department of Economics, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
    Economic Determinants of Attitudes Toward Migration: Firm-level Evidence from Europe2024Ingår i: International Organization, ISSN 0020-8183, E-ISSN 1531-5088, s. 1-36Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    What are the distributional consequences of migration, and how do they affect attitudes toward migration? In this paper we leverage a natural experiment generated by the ousting of former Libyan dictator Muammar Gaddafi, which created an unprecedented influx of economic migrants from African countries to Europe. This surge of low-skilled labor benefited low-productivity firms by lowering their production costs and expanding their labor supply. Employing a triple difference-in-differences design, we document that attitudes toward migration became more positive in Western European regions with large shares of migrants and low-productivity firms. Evidence from Sweden, which provides finely grained geographical data, confirms these findings. We then test the economic microfoundations of this attitudinal shift. We show that the surge in the supply of low-skilled labor increased the profitability of low-productivity firms more in areas that experienced larger migration flows. We find no evidence that migration worsened natives’ labor market conditions.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Economic Determinants of Attitudes Toward Migration: Firm-level Evidence from Europe
  • 189.
    Balland, Pierre-Alexandre
    et al.
    Utrecht University, Utrecht, the Netherlands.
    Boschma, Ron
    Utrecht University, Utrecht, the Netherlands.
    Engberg, Erik
    The Swedish Agency for Growth Policy Analysis, Stockholm, Sweden.
    R&D subsidies and diversification in new industries and technologies in Swedish regions: a study of VINNOVA programs 2010-20122020Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Vi undersöker om det finns något samband mellan de forsknings- och utvecklingsprogram som Vinnova finansierade under perioden 2010-2012 och framväxten av nya branscher och tekniker i svenska regioner under följande år .

    I studien analyserar vi om svenska regioner som får mer FoI-finansiering inom en specifik bransch eller teknik också är mer benägna att bredda verksamheten genom fler verksamhetsgrenar inom denna bransch och teknik. Vi analyserar även om det finns någon koppling mellan utfall och krav på samverkan. Slutligen analyserar vi i vilken utsträckning FoI-bidrag kan kompensera för saknade lokala förmågor.

    Analysens resultat

    • Analysen ger oss starka bevis för att befintliga lokala förmågor villkorar införandet av nya branscher och ny teknik i svenska regioner. Om en region saknar relevanta förmågor såsom kunskaper och färdigheter så ökar kostnaderna för att utveckla en orelaterad ny verksamhet. Sannolikheten för att en sådan ny verksamhet kommer att växa fram i den regionen minskar därmed.
    • Regioner som får bidrag via de studerade programmen är mer benägna att diversifiera sig till den bransch och teknik som finansieringen har riktats till. Detta gäller särskilt för teknisk diversifiering.
    • Bidrag där det finns krav på samverkan ökar regioners benägenhet att diversifiera till nya branscher och tekniker. Vi ser dock ett positivt samband mellan bidrag utan krav på samverkan och utveckling av ny teknik i svenska regioner.
    • Relevanta lokala förmågor stärker sannolikheten för att bidrag utan krav på samverkan ska leda till framgångsrik diversifiering.
    • Bidrag ökar sannolikheten att generera ny kunskap som leder till nya patent och ny teknik, men inte nödvändigtvis till sysselsättningstillväxt och utveckling av nya branscher i en region, åtminstone inte på kort sikt.
  • 190.
    Bandick, Roger
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, statistik och informatik.
    Is it profitable to work for multinationals in Sweden?Manuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 191.
    Bandick, Roger
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, statistik och informatik.
    Multinationals, employment and wages: microeconomic evidence from Swedish manufacturing2008Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis, consisting of four essays, is to study the effects of multinationals and inward FDI on employment and wage formation in Swedish manufacturing during the 1990s.

    Paper [1] (co-authored with Patrik Karpaty) investigates the employment effects of foreign acquisitions in acquired firms in Swedish manufacturing during the 1990s. To handle likely endogeneity problems we evaluate the effects of foreign acquisitions on the targeted firms’ employment by combining propensity score matching with difference-in-difference estimation. We find some evidence of positive employment effects in firms taken over by foreigners and it seems that the employment of skilled labor increases more than that of less-skilled labor. Moreover, we examine whether the employment impact of foreign ownership differs between takeovers of Swedish MNEs and non-MNEs. Our results indicate that the positive employment effects only appear in acquired non-MNEs. Furthermore, we observe shifts in skill intensities toward higher shares of skilled labor in non-MNEs taken over by foreign MNEs, but not in acquired Swedish MNEs.

    Paper [2] (co-authored with Pär Hansson) investigates whether the increased foreign ownership in Sweden in the 1990s have had any effects on relative demand for skilled labor. Estimating relative labor demand at the firm level and using propensity score matching with difference-in-difference estimation, we obtain support for relative demand for skilled labor tending to rise in non-multinationals (non-MNEs)  but not in multinationals (MNEs)  that become foreign owned. Other interesting findings are that a larger presence of foreign MNEs in an industry appears to have a positive impact on the relative demand for skills in Swedish MNEs within the same industry and that the elasticity of substitution between skilled and less-skilled labor seems to be lower in MNEs than in non-MNEs.

    Paper [3] investigates whether MNEs are more likely than non-MNEs to close down their plants, due to their footloose character. The results from using a panel of all Swedish manufacturing plants over the period 1993 and 2002 suggest that MNE plants, and in particular Swedish MNE plants, have a higher probability of exiting the market than non-MNE plants. The outcome is robust controlling for other variables affecting the survival rates. Among non-MNE plants, the probabilities of exit are higher in non-exporting firms than in exporting firms. Moreover, the increased foreign presence in Swedish manufacturing seems, due to intensified competition, to have led to the higher exit rates of plants in non-exporting non-MNEs. Plants of globally engaged indigenous firms, such as plants of Swedish MNEs and exporting non-MNEs, appear, on the other hand, to have been unaffected by the increased foreign presence.

    Paper [4] examines whether MNEs  Swedish MNEs and foreign-owned firms  pay higher wages than non-MNEs in manufacturing, controlling for firm heterogeneity and individual characteristics. In accordance with the idea that MNEs are superior in performance to other firms, I find that MNEs pay higher wages than non-MNEs, in particular for skilled labor. Yet the MNE wage premium is low; the average wages in MNEs are between 4-7 percent higher than in non-MNEs, while estimates at the individual level reduce the wage premium in MNEs to around 2-3 percent. Higher wages in foreign-owned firms may result from foreign acquisitions of high-wage firms. Alternatively, the acquired firms might have a more favorable wage growth than non-targeted domestically owned firms. My findings only lend support to the hypothesis that foreign firms select high-wage firms (especially non-MNEs) for acquisition.

    Delarbeten
    1. Foreign acquisition and employment effects in Swedish manufacturing
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Foreign acquisition and employment effects in Swedish manufacturing
    2007 (Engelska)Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates the employment effects of foreign acquisitions in acquired firms in Swedish manufacturing during the 1990s, a period characterized by a dramatic increase in foreign ownership. To handle likely endogeneity problems, we evaluate the effects of foreign acquisitions on the targeted firms’ employment by combining propensity score matching with difference-in-difference estimation. We find some evidence of positive employment effects in firms taken over by foreigners and it seems that the employment of skilled labor increases more than the employment of less-skilled labor. Moreover, we examine whether the employment impact of foreign ownership differs between takeovers of Swedish MNEs and non-MNEs. Our results indicate that the positive employment effects only appear in acquired non-MNEs. Furthermore, we observe shifts in skill intensities toward higher shares of skilled labor in non-MNEs taken over by foreign MNEs but not in acquired Swedish MNEs.

    Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
    Nottingham: University of Nottingham, 2007. s. [28]
    Serie
    Research paper series ; 35
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Ekonomi och näringsliv
    Forskningsämne
    Nationalekonomi
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-2892 (URN)
    Tillgänglig från: 2008-01-24 Skapad: 2008-01-24 Senast uppdaterad: 2022-12-21Bibliografiskt granskad
    2. Inward FDI and demand for skills in Sweden
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Inward FDI and demand for skills in Sweden
    (Engelska)Manuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Samhällsvetenskap Ekonomi och näringsliv
    Forskningsämne
    Nationalekonomi
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-2893 (URN)
    Tillgänglig från: 2008-01-24 Skapad: 2008-01-24 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-10-18Bibliografiskt granskad
    3. Multinationals and plant survival in Swedish manufacturing
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Multinationals and plant survival in Swedish manufacturing
    2007 (Engelska)Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Are multinational enterprises, MNEs, more likely than non-MNEs to close down their plants due to their footloose character? The results from using a panel of all Swedish manufacturing plants over the period 1993 and 2002 suggest that MNE plants, in particular Swedish MNE plants, have a higher probability of exiting the market than non-MNE plants. The outcome is robust controlling for other variables affecting the survival rates. Among non-MNE plants, the probabilities of exit are higher in non-exporting firms than in exporting firms. Moreover, the increased foreign presence in Swedish manufacturing seems to have led to higher exit rates of plants in non-exporting non-MNEs while plants of globally engaged indigenous firms appear to have been unaffected by the increased foreign presence.

    Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
    Nottingham: University of Nottingham, 2007. s. [22]
    Serie
    Research paper series ; 31
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Ekonomi och näringsliv
    Forskningsämne
    Nationalekonomi
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-2894 (URN)
    Tillgänglig från: 2008-01-24 Skapad: 2008-01-24 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-06-03Bibliografiskt granskad
    4. Is it profitable to work for multinationals in Sweden?
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Is it profitable to work for multinationals in Sweden?
    (Engelska)Manuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Nationalekonomi
    Forskningsämne
    Nationalekonomi
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-2895 (URN)
    Tillgänglig från: 2008-01-24 Skapad: 2008-01-24 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-10-18Bibliografiskt granskad
  • 192.
    Bandick, Roger
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet. Dept Econ, Aarhus Sch Business, Aarhus, Denmark.
    Goerg, Holger
    Kiel Inst World Econ, Univ Kiel, Kiel, Germany; GEP Nottingham, Nottingham, England.
    Foreign acquisition, plant survival, and employment growth2010Ingår i: Canadian Journal of Economics, ISSN 0008-4085, E-ISSN 1540-5982, Vol. 43, nr 2, s. 547-573Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyzes the effect of foreign acquisition on survival and employment growth of targets using data on Swedish manufacturing plants. We separate targeted plants into those within Swedish MNEs, Swedish exporting non-MNEs, and purely domestic firms. The results, controlling for possible endogeneity of acquisition using IV and propensity score matching approaches suggest that acquisition by foreign owners increases the lifetime of the acquired plants only if the plant was an exporter. The effect is robust to controlling for domestic acquisitions and differs between horizontal and vertical acquisitions. We find robust positive employment growth effects only for exporters and only if the takeover is vertical.

  • 193.
    Bandick, Roger
    et al.
    Aarhus Univ, Aarhus, Denmark.
    Goerg, Holger
    Kiel Inst World Econ, Kiel, Germany.
    Karpaty, Patrik
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Foreign Acquisitions, Domestic Multinationals, and R&D2014Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Economics, ISSN 0347-0520, E-ISSN 1467-9442, Vol. 116, nr 4, s. 1091-1115Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Our aim in this paper is to evaluate the causal effect of foreign acquisition on research and development (R&D) intensity in targeted domestic firms. We are able to distinguish domestic multinational enterprises (MNEs) and non-MNEs, which allows us to investigate the fear that the change in ownership of domestic MNEs to foreign MNEs leads to a reduction in R&D activity in the country. Overall, our results give no support to the fears that foreign acquisition of domestic firms leads to a relocation of R&D activity in Swedish MNEs. Rather, in this paper, we find robust evidence that foreign acquisitions lead to increasing R&D intensity in acquired domestic MNEs and non-MNEs.

  • 194.
    Bandick, Roger
    et al.
    Institute of Business and Technology, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark.
    Görg, Holger
    Kiel Institute for the World Economy and University of Kiel, Kiel, Germany.
    Karpaty, Patrik
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    What happens to R&D in domestic multinationals after foreign acquisition?2011Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    With foreign ownership of domestic companies becoming increasingly common, questions are mounting as to the consequences. One area of concern is the effect on research and development. This column presents new evidence from Sweden, where flagship firms such as Volvo and Saab are now foreign owned, that it hopes will reassure policymakers.

  • 195.
    Bandick, Roger
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Hansson, Pär
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Inward FDI and demand for skills in manufacturing firms in Sweden2009Ingår i: Review of World Economics, ISSN 1610-2878, E-ISSN 1610-2886, Vol. 145, nr 1, s. 111-131Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We observe a substantial increase in foreign ownership in Sweden in the 1990s. Did that have any effect on relative demand for skilled labor? Has technology transfers-often associated with inward FDI-led to an increased demand for skills due to skilled-biased technical change? Are there any grounds for the concerns in the public Swedish debate that more skilled activities have been moved to other countries where the headquarters are located? Estimating relative labor demand at the firm level and using propensity score matching with difference-in-difference estimation, we obtain support for that relative demand for skilled labor tend to rise in non-multinationals (non-MNEs)-but not in multinationals (MNEs)-that become foreign-owned. Other interesting findings are that larger presence of foreign MNEs in an industry appears to have a positive impact on the relative demand for skills in Swedish MNEs within the same industry and that the elasticity of substitution between skilled and less-skilled labor seems to be lower in MNEs than in non-MNEs.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Inward FDI and demand for skills in manufacturing firms in Sweden
  • 196.
    Bandick, Roger
    et al.
    Aarhus School of Business, Aarhus, Denmark.
    Karpaty, Patrik
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Employment effects of foreign acquisition2011Ingår i: International Review of Economics and Finance, ISSN 1059-0560, E-ISSN 1873-8036, Vol. 20, nr 2, s. 211-224Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates the employment effects of. foreign acquisitions in acquired firms in Swedish manufacturing during the 1990s; a period characterized by a dramatic increase in foreign ownership. We find some evidence of positive employment effects in acquired firms and it seems that the employment of skilled labor increases more than that of less-skilled labor. Our results indicate that the positive employment effects are more pronounced in acquired non-MNEs than in Swedish MNEs. Furthermore, we observe shifts in skill intensities toward higher shares of skilled labor in non-MNEs taken over by foreign MNEs, but not in acquired Swedish MNEs.

  • 197.
    Bandick, Roger
    et al.
    Department of Management and Engineering, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden; National Board of Trade Sweden, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Karpaty, Patrik
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet. National Board of Trade Sweden, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Tingvall, Patrik
    Södertörn University, Södertörn, Sweden; National Board of Trade Sweden, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Import, Productivity, and Export Performances2024Ingår i: Economics, E-ISSN 1864-6042, Vol. 18, nr 1, artikel-id 20220084Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is twofold. First, we analyze whether the decision of where to import from is affected by firms' ex-ante characteristics. Second, we analyze how the origin of imports affects firms' productivity, export sales, and the number of export markets. Using extensive data on Swedish manufacturing firms from 2007 to 2020, we uncover several significant insights. Nearly 80% of the firms engage in international trade. The smallest firms operate exclusively as exporters, medium-sized firms as importers, and the largest firms engage in two-way trading. While most imports originate from high-wage countries, there has been a gradual shift to low-wage countries over time. Self-selection is evident, with highly productive firms importing from all sources, followed by firms that exclusively import from either low-wage or high-wage countries, and the lowest-productive firms not importing. By controlling for self-selection using the Event Study approach and difference-in-differences matching estimator, we find that large importing firms exhibit no significant differences in productivity and export sales in comparison to their non-importing counterparts. However, small importing firms show increased productivity growth, driven by high-wage imports. Both small and large firms importing from high- and low-wage countries tend to access more high-wage export markets than non-importers.

  • 198.
    Baquedano, Jonathan
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Analys av samhällsekonomiska kalkylers roll vid infrastruktursatsningar2010Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 199.
    Baransson, Baris
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Ekonomisk frihet och inkomstfördelning2014Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 200.
    Bask, Miia
    et al.
    Centre for Research on Child and Adolescent Mental Health, Karlstad University, Karlstad, Sweden.
    Bask, Mikael
    Department of Economics, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Inequality Generating Processes and Measurement of the Matthew Effect2010Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The first aim of this paper is to clarify the differences and relationships between cumulative advantage/disadvantage and the Matthew effect. Its second aim, which is also its main contribution, is not only to present a new measure of the Matthew effect, but also to show how to estimate this effect from data and how to make statistical inference. We argue that one should utilize the positivity of the natural logarithm of the largest generalized eigenvalue for a non-linear dynamic process as evidence when claiming that the Matthew effect is present in the dynamic process that generates individuals’ socio-economic life-courses. Thus, our measure of the Matthew effect focuses on the dynamic process that generates socio-economic inequality and not on the outcome of this process.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Inequality Generating Processes and Measurement of the Matthew Effect
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