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  • 151.
    Andersson, Mattias
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Spelet om vindkraftverken: En komparativ analys av översiktsplanering för vindkraft i två kommuner vid Vänern2012Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the thesis is to study municipal planning for wind power in two Swedish municipalities, Karlstad and Säffle. The planning process is divided into three phases which are examined. The thesis discusses aspects of power and democracy of the cases as well as citizen participation and local issues concerning wind power at Lake Vänern. These are the research questions:

    - How is the wind power policy framed in the three phases of the planning process?

    - Which are the influence factors of the wind power policy in the three phases and what degree of influence have each of the influence factors?

    - Which values are most influential in the planning process and which groups of actors express them

                 - in the beginning of the planning process?

                 - in the termination of the planning process?

    - How is the democratic legitimacy of the planning process, in terms of the models ´liberal democracy´ and ´participatory democracy´?

    - What are the conditions of planning for wind power at Lake Vänern

                 - by the coast?

                 - in the open water area?

    Influential factors of the first phase of the process are the national wind survey, applications from wind power enterprises as well as a political will and consensus. In the second and third phases factors within the local administration management as well as the regional administrative board and a neighbouring municipality, are of importance in the municipality of Karlstad. In the municipality of Säffle citizen participation from a local opinion is of importance. The thesis discusses also the influence of the national energy authority, which has defined some areas as ´national interests of wind power’. These areas may be influential when supporting the municipal wind power policy. But in the termination of the planning process both municipalities make decisions which are not in favour of wind power in these areas. The planning process is democratic legitimate from a view of the model ´liberal democracy´ in the municipality of Karlstad and the model ´participatory democracy´ in the municipality of Säffle. In the municipality of Säffle values of preserving nature by the coasts are influential in the beginning of the process as well as a political will to promote wind power. The municipality is initially part of the same value group as the regional administrative board. In the termination of the process the municipality and a local opinion group express the same values in favour of social support among citizens and a lesser amount of new wind power areas. In the municipality of Karlstad values in favour of the wind power industry dominate in the beginning of the process. Later values of preserving an area of Lake Vänern from exploitation dominate. Initially the municipality is in the same value group as the wind power enterprises; in the later parts of the process the municipality is in the same value group as a neighbouring municipality with other opinions on wind power as well as the regional administrative board. In the termination of the process a new group of actors appears in Karlstad municipality. This group of actors wants to preserve a national heritage from nearby exploitation but is not successful. Local issues concerning wind power by Lake Vänern are finally also discussed. The coastal area has a strong protection for wind power; a protection that is weaker in the open water area. Remaining issues are about the interaction within the groups of actors.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 152.
    Andersson, Renee
    Örebro universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Lesbiska flyktingar i offentliga dokument2007Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats
    Abstract [en]

    The means that the Swedish State has to legitimize and standardize different perspectives of women and their sexuality is significant. Persecution of gender and sexuality is today something that can grant refugee status according to the Swedish Aliens Act. By studying the documents that forestall the amendment of the laws is it possible to unveil the concept and ideas about women sexuality that the state manifests and reproduces through these laws and official documents.

    The aim of this essay is to look upon the sexual policy as it occurs in official the documents that deal with lesbian refugees. The study cover and maps present research on this group of women and gives an answer to how norms about women sexuality are expressed in these documents.

    Throughout the survey of the research field not much previous research was found, therefore even research that only partly covers the field is included and reviewed.

    As method a detailed reading of the official documents and a discourse analysis with it’s emphasize on theoretical themes like gender and sexuality, lesbianism and state feminism, was made. Lesbians are missing in the official state documents and the one time the Migration Board’s documents refer to lesbians they are ascribed to as gender and not as sexuality.

    The essay concludes that the confusion about the category gender and the category sexuality has the result that the lesbians become invisible. Lesbians tend throughout the material to be ascribed to the category gender and gay men to the category sexuality.

    The standardized perspective and normative discourse that has been found in the official documents has the effect that women is looked a pound as gender and therefore, by the same logic loose their sexuality. In this way the Swedish State discriminates lesbian.

    Another conclusion is that the Swedish State has a somewhat ambivalence perspective on their own work on promoting gender equality.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 153.
    Andersson, Renée
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Gender mainstreaming as feminist politics: A critical analysis of the pursuit of gender equality in Swedish local government2018Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Gender mainstreaming is often described as a strategy to increase gender equality in states and other institutions and/or to make them more gender aware. It should however be considered a contested concept, and the aim of this thesis is to produce a critical perspective and empirical knowledge about whether, and if so how, gender mainstreaming contributes to a more (gender) equal society. The production of gender mainstreaming as gender equality policy is investigated, using both feminist new institutionalism and discourse theory.

    The study investigates whether, and if so how, gender mainstreaming is facilitating new public management by transforming the ambitions of feminist politics into a neoliberal strategy adapted for public administration.

    The case examined in this study is a local government gender mainstreaming project conducted in a municipality in Sweden. The case also includes vertical and horizontal outlooks and is categorized as a critical case. To study "what is not there" in the empirical material, the concepts of silences and silencing are used as both theoretical and methodological tools.

    The thesis shows that gender mainstreaming produces a gender equality policy that is disconnected from political parties, and that gender mainstreaming becomes a common good. This, I argue, produces a non-political politics, which includes a governing technique that privileges political consensus, articulated in terms of non-conflict and win-win.

    The thesis identifies a conflation between gender mainstreaming, as a strategy, with the policy objective of gender equality. Gender mainstreaming did not create space for addressing gender-based violence, or include the voice of the women’s movement, from which it can be concluded that gender mainstreaming does not contribute to feminist politics. This could have societal consequences and can influence, or even hinder, actual political change.

    Delarbeten
    1. The myth of Sweden’s success: A deconstructive reading of the discourses in gender mainstreaming texts
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>The myth of Sweden’s success: A deconstructive reading of the discourses in gender mainstreaming texts
    2018 (Engelska)Ingår i: The European Journal of Women's Studies, ISSN 1350-5068, E-ISSN 1461-7420, Vol. 25, nr 4, s. 455-469Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
    Abstract [en]

    This article investigates discourses of Sweden's success in gender mainstreaming. Using the theoretical concept of myth, discourse analysis is performed on different categories of texts (including academic texts, grey papers and official reports). The aim is to analyse how this discourse of success is constructed and to increase the understanding of its components. The themes identified in the reading include adaptation, integration, volume and initiatives. In conclusion, it is argued that a conflation of gender mainstreaming (viewed as a strategy) with gender equality (as a policy objective) has been a vital part of the construction of Sweden as the best case of gender mainstreaming.

    Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
    Sage Publications, 2018
    Nyckelord
    Discourse, gender equality, gender mainstreaming, myth, Sweden
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Statsvetenskap (exklusive studier av offentlig förvaltning och globaliseringsstudier) Genusstudier
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-65904 (URN)10.1177/1350506817743531 (DOI)000447562100005 ()2-s2.0-85055159833 (Scopus ID)
    Tillgänglig från: 2018-03-20 Skapad: 2018-03-20 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-11-01Bibliografiskt granskad
    2. Learning from Gender Mainstreaming Education: Limitations of Education as a Policy Objective
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Learning from Gender Mainstreaming Education: Limitations of Education as a Policy Objective
    (Engelska)Manuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Nyckelord
    Gender mainstreaming, governmentality, public administration
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Statsvetenskap (exklusive studier av offentlig förvaltning och globaliseringsstudier)
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-65905 (URN)
    Tillgänglig från: 2018-03-20 Skapad: 2018-03-20 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-03-20Bibliografiskt granskad
    3. The Question of Feminism in Gender Mainstreaming: A Case of Non-conflict in Local Politics
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>The Question of Feminism in Gender Mainstreaming: A Case of Non-conflict in Local Politics
    2015 (Engelska)Ingår i: NORA: Nordic Journal of Feminist and Gender Research, ISSN 0803-8740, E-ISSN 1502-394X, Vol. 23, nr 3, s. 203-219Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
    Abstract [en]

    This article discusses gender equality and how and why a gender mainstreaming strategy avoids the question of gender conflict. The making of gender-equality work is studied by investigating how feminism is talked about and rejected in a specific gender mainstreaming project in the municipality of Örebro, Sweden. Drawing upon the theoretical concepts of hegemony and discourse, the focus is on the silences—the unspoken questions and problems—surrounding the project. I examine how the exclusion of feminism and conflict is articulated when gender mainstreaming is introduced as a new way of doing gender-equality work in the municipality. The struggles identified show that feminism is rejected because it is seen as being in opposition to (1) professionalism and (2) legitimate political issues. I conclude that within the local discourse of gender mainstreaming there is a notion that this form of gender-equality work ought to be performed without harmful or threatening gender conflicts. This means that the strategy of gender mainstreaming constitutes a short-cut to bypass controversial problems like equal treatment, special efforts for women, and men's privileges in gender-equality work.

    Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
    Taylor & Francis, 2015
    Nyckelord
    gender mainstreaming
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Statsvetenskap Genusstudier
    Forskningsämne
    Statskunskap; Genusvetenskap
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-46762 (URN)10.1080/08038740.2015.1066443 (DOI)000359906300005 ()2-s2.0-84938788637 (Scopus ID)
    Tillgänglig från: 2015-11-24 Skapad: 2015-11-24 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-03-20Bibliografiskt granskad
    4. Att göra kön i kommunal politik: lokala variationer av gender mainstreaming och kvinnofrid
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Att göra kön i kommunal politik: lokala variationer av gender mainstreaming och kvinnofrid
    2014 (Svenska)Ingår i: Tidskrift för Genusvetenskap, ISSN 1654-5443, E-ISSN 2001-1377, Vol. 35, nr 2-3, s. 55-80Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
    Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
    Karlstad: Karlstads universitet, 2014
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Genusstudier
    Forskningsämne
    Genusvetenskap
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-38523 (URN)
    Tillgänglig från: 2014-11-11 Skapad: 2014-11-11 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-03-20Bibliografiskt granskad
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Gender mainstreaming as feminist politics: A critical analysis of the pursuit of gender equality in Swedish local government
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    Spikblad
  • 154.
    Andersson, Renée
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Learning from Gender Mainstreaming Education: Limitations of Education as a Policy ObjectiveManuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 155.
    Andersson, Renée
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    The myth of Sweden’s success: A deconstructive reading of the discourses in gender mainstreaming texts2018Ingår i: The European Journal of Women's Studies, ISSN 1350-5068, E-ISSN 1461-7420, Vol. 25, nr 4, s. 455-469Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article investigates discourses of Sweden's success in gender mainstreaming. Using the theoretical concept of myth, discourse analysis is performed on different categories of texts (including academic texts, grey papers and official reports). The aim is to analyse how this discourse of success is constructed and to increase the understanding of its components. The themes identified in the reading include adaptation, integration, volume and initiatives. In conclusion, it is argued that a conflation of gender mainstreaming (viewed as a strategy) with gender equality (as a policy objective) has been a vital part of the construction of Sweden as the best case of gender mainstreaming.

  • 156.
    Andersson, Renée
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap. Center for Feminist Studies (CFS); Örebro Research School of Public Affairs (FOVU).
    The Question of Feminism in Gender Mainstreaming: A Case of Non-conflict in Local Politics2015Ingår i: NORA: Nordic Journal of Feminist and Gender Research, ISSN 0803-8740, E-ISSN 1502-394X, Vol. 23, nr 3, s. 203-219Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article discusses gender equality and how and why a gender mainstreaming strategy avoids the question of gender conflict. The making of gender-equality work is studied by investigating how feminism is talked about and rejected in a specific gender mainstreaming project in the municipality of Örebro, Sweden. Drawing upon the theoretical concepts of hegemony and discourse, the focus is on the silences—the unspoken questions and problems—surrounding the project. I examine how the exclusion of feminism and conflict is articulated when gender mainstreaming is introduced as a new way of doing gender-equality work in the municipality. The struggles identified show that feminism is rejected because it is seen as being in opposition to (1) professionalism and (2) legitimate political issues. I conclude that within the local discourse of gender mainstreaming there is a notion that this form of gender-equality work ought to be performed without harmful or threatening gender conflicts. This means that the strategy of gender mainstreaming constitutes a short-cut to bypass controversial problems like equal treatment, special efforts for women, and men's privileges in gender-equality work.

  • 157.
    Andersson, Renée
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Hedlund, Gun
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Gender mainstreaming and local democracy2012Ingår i: Gender mainstreaming in public sector organisations: policy implications and practical applications / [ed] Lindholm, Kristina, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2012, s. 189-216Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 158.
    Andersson, Renée
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för humaniora, utbildning och samhällsvetenskap.
    Hedlund, Gun
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för humaniora, utbildning och samhällsvetenskap.
    Jämställdhetsintegrering och lokal demokrati: vem styr och vem prioriterar?2011Ingår i: Jämställdhet i verksamhetsutveckling / [ed] Kristina Lindholm, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2011, 1, s. 165-192Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 159.
    Andersson, Robert
    et al.
    Institute of Police Education, Linnæus University, Växjö, Sweden.
    Wångmar, Erik
    Linnæus University, Växjö, Sweden.
    A nationalized police – the case of Sweden: Styrning av svensk polis2017Ingår i: Nordic Police Research Seminar : Nordisk politiforskningsseminar: Proceedings - Oslo 8th-9th September 2016 / [ed] Larsson, Paul & Skjevrak, Pernille, Oslo: Politihøgskolen i Oslo , 2017, s. 54-72Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In 2015 a reform made the national Swedish police even more centralized as a means for improving efficiency and results. This was exactly fifty years after the original nationalization of the police – a reform said to be done in the same spirit of centralizing for efficiency. The purpose of this paper is to analyze and problematize the arguments behind the nationalization in 1965. How and why was the police nationalized and what was the chief political arguments for doing this? The paper also aims to discuss what the meaning of efficiency in policing means politically. 

  • 160.
    Andersson Wallén, Hanna
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Spector, Alma
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    FÖRSTÅR, KAN OCH VILL LÄNDERIMPLEMENTERA PARISAVTALET?: Fyra länders kontexter och förutsättningar för att implementera Parisavtalet2024Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study is, based on implementation theory and Lennart Lundquist’s three concepts- understanding, capability, and willingness, to identify whether these factors can affect the implementation of the Paris Agreement in four countries. Through a qualitative text analysis of the NDCs (Nationally Determined Contributions) of four countries, using understanding, capability, and willingness as categories, various aspects have been identified and are presented in the results. The study focuses on four countries with similar climate and economies to establish criteria as closely as possible. The study takes a hermeneutic approach as the authors interpret the material. The results indicate that the countries understand the Paris agreement and why implementation is necessary, considering the environmental issues present today. The countries also present measures for implementations, such as economic or technical aspects on how to achieve the goals of the Paris Agreement, as well as their priorities in relation to their circumstances. The countries also demonstrate a willingness to carry out implementation, and their ambitions are considered high based on their explanations. The conclusions highlight that implementation theory, and the three concepts of understanding, capability, and willingness can be used to understand the context in which countries implement the Paris Agreement.

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    FÖRSTÅR, KAN OCH VILL LÄNDERIMPLEMENTERA PARISAVTALET?: Fyra länders kontexter och förutsättningar för att implementera Parisavtalet
  • 161.
    Angelstam, Per
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för naturvetenskap.
    Mikusinski, Grzegorz
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för naturvetenskap. Swed. Univ. of Agricultural Sciences, Sweden.
    Rönnbäck, Britt-Inger
    Div. of Geogr. Info. Technology, Luleå University of Technology, Sweden; Luleå University of Technology, Sweden; Swedish Space Corporation, Swedish Land Survey, Sweden; Dept. of Environmental Engineering, Geographical Information Technology, Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden .
    Östman, Anders
    Luleå University of Technology, Sweden; Dept. of Environmental Engineering, Geographical Information Technology, Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden; Intergraph, Sweden .
    Lazdinis, Marius
    Lithuanian Agricultural University, Lithuania; Southern Illinois University, United States; Lithuanian Ministry of Environment, Lithuania; Department of Conservation Biology, Swedish University of Agriculture, Sweden; Swed. Univ. of Agricultural Sciences, Umeå, Sweden.
    Roberge, Jean-Michel
    Swed. Univ. of Agricultural Sciences, Umeå, Sweden; Université Laval, Canada; Department of Conservation Biology, Swed. Univ. of Agricultural Sciences, Sweden .
    Arnberg, Wolter
    Stockholm University, Department of Physical Geography, Stockholm, Sweden .
    Olsson, Jan
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Two-dimensional gap analysis: a tool for efficient conservation planning and biodiversity policy implementation2003Ingår i: Ambio, ISSN 0044-7447, E-ISSN 1654-7209, Vol. 32, nr 8, s. 527-534Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The maintenance of biodiversity by securing representative and well-connected habitat networks in managed landscapes requires a wise combination of protection, management, and restoration of habitats at several scales. We suggest that the integration of natural and social sciences in the form of "Two-dimensional gap analysis" is an efficient tool for the implementation of biodiversity policies. The tool links biologically relevant "horizontal" ecological issues with "vertical" issues related to institutions and other societal issues. Using forest biodiversity as an example, we illustrate how one can combine ecological and institutional aspects of biodiversity conservation, thus facilitating environmentally sustainable regional development. In particular, we use regional gap analysis for identification of focal forest types, habitat modelling for ascertaining the functional connectivity of "green infrastructures", as tools for the horizontal gap analysis. For the vertical dimension we suggest how the social sciences can be used for assessing the success in the implementation of biodiversity policies in real landscapes by identifying institutional obstacles while implementing policies. We argue that this interdisciplinary approach could be applied in a whole range of other environments including other terrestrial biota and aquatic ecosystems where functional habitat connectivity, nonlinear response to habitat loss and a multitude of economic and social interests co-occur in the same landscape.

  • 162.
    Anjala-Ljungkvist, Kajsa
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    STRETCHING THE BOUNDARIES OF COUNTERTERRORISM: A study on the evolution of extraterritoriality withinAmerican counterterrorism2022Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis sets out to research the phenomenon that is extraterritoriality within Americancounterterrorism, doing as such by analyzing four policy reports from four differentpresidential administrations. The purpose of this thesis is to research the evolution ofextraterritoriality within counterterrorism policy based on the knowledge that there has been achange regarding the matter, significantly following the events of the 11th of Septemberterrorist attacks in 2001. This thesis, however, researches more than merely before and afternine-eleven. By analyzing policy report from Bill Clintons, George W. Bush’s, BarackObamas and Donald Trumps administrations, the study examines the evolution ofextraterritoriality over a larger time period. The two research questions ask what the view ofextraterritoriality within American counterterrorism has been and, in what sense have changesbeen made within American counterterrorism regarding extraterritoriality.Extraterritoriality has challenged a foundational norm within the modern international worldand that is state sovereignty. Extraterritoriality can be described as one actor asserts theirjurisdiction over another actor within a specific territory of another state. In this thesis, theAmerican military base in Cuba called Guantanamo Bay will be frequently referenced to as anexample of a place where extraterritoriality is present, a so-called extraterritorial domain.In order to analyze the empirical material, a qualitative, descriptive textual analysis has beenused and dimensions have been used as an analytical tool in this thesis.The main conclusions drawn are that there has been an evolution of extraterritoriality withinAmerican counterterrorism during the time these four presidents were in office. The evolutionhas not, however, been simply linear and this study shows that extraterritoriality can bevisible in all the different policy reports. The amount of extraterritoriality noticeable andregarding which matters of extraterritoriality is the primary difference.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 163.
    Anrup, Roland
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Östersund, Sverige.
    Fareld, Victoria
    Stockholms universitet, Stockholm, Sverige.
    Fornäs, Johan
    Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap, Södertörns högskola, Stockholm, Sverige.
    Frisk, Syliva
    Göteborgs universitet, Göteborg, Sverige.
    Fur, Gunlög
    Institutionen för kulturvetenskaper (KV), Linnéuniversitetet, Växjö, Sverige.
    Ganetz, Hillevi
    Stockholms universitet, Stockholm, Sverige.
    Gardell, Mattias
    Uppsala universitet, Uppsala, Sverige.
    Hedman Hvitfeldt, Maria
    Stockholms dramatiska högskola, Stockholm, Sverige.
    Höghede, Erika
    Stockholms dramatiska högskola, Stockholm, Sverige.
    Iordanoglou, Dimitrios
    Uppsala universitet, Uppsala, Sverige.
    Jalmert, Lars
    Stockholms universitet, Stockholm, Sverige.
    Johansen, Maria
    Göteborgs universitet, Göteborg, Sverige.
    Jonsson, Stefan
    Linköpings universitet, Linköping, Sverige.
    Josephson, Peter
    Uppsala universitet, Uppsala, Sverige.
    Karlsohn, Thomas
    Göteborgs universitet, Göteborg, Sverige.
    Laikre, Linda
    Stockholms universitet, Stockholm, Sverige.
    Larsson, Åsa Bharathi
    Uppsala universitet, Uppsala, Sverige.
    Lorenzoni, Patricia
    Göteborgs universitet, Göteborg, Sverige.
    Liedman, Sven-Eric
    Göteborgs universitet, Göteborg, Sverige.
    Madison, Guy
    Umeå universitet, Umeå, Sverige.
    Manga, Edda
    Uppsala universitet, Uppsala, Sverige.
    Munthe, Christian
    Göteborgs universitet, Göteborg, Sverige.
    Nilsson, Ulrika
    Stockholms universitet, Stockholm, Sverige.
    Nylin, Sören
    Stockholms universitet, Stockholm, Sverige.
    Olsson, Erik J.
    Lunds universitet, Lund, Sverige.
    Peralta, Julia
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap och medicin.
    Persson, Mats
    Uppsala universitet, Uppsala, Sverige.
    Priebe, Gunilla
    Göteborgs universitet, Göteborg, Sverige.
    Rider, Sharon
    Uppsala universitet, Uppsala, Sverige.
    Rooke, Tetz
    Göteborgs universitet, Göteborg, Sverige.
    Rådström, Niklas
    Stockholms dramatiska högskola, Stockholm, sverige.
    Söderblom, Staffan
    Göteborgs universitet, Göteborg, Sverige.
    Sörensen, Jens
    Göteborgs universitet, Göteborg, Sverige.
    Tydén, Mattias
    Stockholms universitet, Stockholm, Sverige.
    Zetterholm, Magnus
    Lunds universitet, Lund, Sverige.
    Öberg, Johan
    Göteborgs universitet, Göteborg, Sverige.
    Centrala universitetsvärden hotas av bolagiseringsidén2013Ingår i: Dagens Nyheter, ISSN 1101-2447, nr 22 oktober, s. A6-Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 164.
    Arensmeier, Cecilia
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Different Expectations in Civic Education: A Comparison of Upper-Secondary School Textbooks in Sweden2018Ingår i: Journal of Social Science Education, E-ISSN 1618-5293, Vol. 17, nr 2, s. 5-20Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The aim of the article is to examine civic education in Sweden with regard to equality, by comparing curricula and textbooks for social studies in different tracks in upper-secondary school.

    Method: The study is based on qualitative text analysis, with quantitative features. The analysis maps themes covered, the extent and depth of thematic coverage, and amount of emphasis on conceptual understanding and analytical training.

    Findings: The results point to some similarities between the tracks; limited attention is given to democratic values and civic engagement, apart from voting. Clear differences are found in amount of information and complexity. The most basic textbooks target the vocational track, while (some of) the textbooks for the academic track have an elaborated focus on complex conceptual understanding and analytical training.

    Practical implications: The findings indicate different expectations in civic education. Vocational students receive more limited opportunities to develop civic abilities, which might negatively affect the exercise of citizenship and increase political inequality.

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    Different Expectations in Civic Education: A Comparison of Upper-Secondary School Textbooks in Sweden
  • 165.
    Arensmeier, Cecilia
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Grundskolebetyg under tre betygssystem: Fördelning på betygssteg och genomsnittliga ämnesbetyg 1990-20172019Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    I rapporten beskrivs, med hjälp av SCB:s betygsstatistik, betygsutfallet för årskurs 9 åren 1990-2017, då tre olika betygssystem varit i bruk (2013-17 ingår även årskurs 6). Tonvikten ligger på att åskådliggöra hur elevernas prestationer i olika ämnen fördelas på de betygssteg som används vid olika tidpunkter. Därigenom synliggörs också hur betygssystemens skilda logiker och språk har betydelse för särskilt de elever som presenterar svagast. Systemen som sådana jämförs således inte, utan enbart hur betygssystemen fördelar alla elevprestationer i åk 9 under 28 års tid. En analys av de politiska ambitionerna bakom olika betygsreformer – vilka problem de ska lösa – ramar in rapporten. En av de mest framträdande slutsatserna är att införandet av ett målrelaterat betygssystem på 1990-talet, med skarp gräns för godkänt, omgående – i kontrast till förväntningarna – medför att en märkbar och över tid påtagligt stabil andel grundskoleelever inte når upp till den godkända nivån. Bytet till en ny skala på 2010-talet innebär härvidlag ingen förändring, vilket också är i linje med den politiska avsikten att låta gränsen för godkänt ligga fast. Under de målrelaterade systemen syns i många ämnen samtidigt en kontinuerlig ökning av andelen elever som får de högsta betygen. De sista åren med ett relativt betygssystem (1990-97) uppvisar, i linje med det systemets logik, en större stabilitet i fördelningen. Vissa ämnesskillnader finns dock under alla tre betygssystemen. 

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    Grundskolebetyg under tre betygssystem. Fördelning på betygssteg och genomsnittliga ämnesbetyg 1990-2017.
  • 166.
    Arensmeier, Cecilia
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Institutionalizing school failure: From abandoning to reintroducing a failing grade — the rationales behind Swedish grading reforms2022Ingår i: Journal of educational change, ISSN 1389-2843, E-ISSN 1573-1812, Vol. 23, nr 2, s. 221-252Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The article aims to depict the political framing of three grading reforms in Swedish compulsory school, in terms of the political problem they are supposed to solve and what kind of attention is given to the lowest performing pupils. Discourse analysis is employed, focusing on statement producers. The empirical material consists of policy documents from the late 1930s to 2010. The analyses show that three cases of the same type of policy change, a new grading system, rely on very different problem representations. The changes were launched as an equality tool, an accountability measure and a remedy for declining results, respectively. The discourse about the least successful pupils differs. Reasonable demands and a ranking scale without a failing grade characterize the introduction of a norm-referenced system; a first criterion-referenced system rests on a belief that virtually all pupils will meet the formulated levels for passing, an expectation not met, and a changed focus behind the second criterion-referenced system normalizes that some pupils will fail compulsory school. The article also illustrates the merits of studying educational policy change through the theoretical lens of problem representations and directs attention to how reforms can have discursive effects as well as unintended side effects that matter substantially for some people.

  • 167.
    Arensmeier, Cecilia
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Medborgarkunskaper i sikte: nordisk jämförelse och fördjupad analys av svenska elevers svårigheter i ICCS 20092012Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den som inte förstår viktiga samhällsfrågor, har svårt att följa nyheter och debatt. Då begränsas också möjligheten att agera som medborgare - att påverka politik och samhälle. I den internationella undersökningen ICCS 2009 undersöktes 14-åringars kunskaper om demokrati och samhälle. I denna fördjupade analyspresenteras de svenska elevernas kunskapsprofil i jämförelse med andra nordiska länder. Studien belyser dessutom, medhjälp av nya intervjuer, särskilda svårigheter för de svenska eleverna. Med koppling till samhälllsdidaktisk forskning diskuteras bland annat hur begreppsförståelse och förståelse för samhälleliga principer, förmåga att urskilja frågeställningar, läsförmåga och språkförståelse i hög grad påverkar elevernas prestationer i ICCS.

  • 168.
    Arensmeier, Cecilia
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för humaniora, utbildning och samhällsvetenskap.
    The democratic common sense: Young Swedes' understanding of democracy – theoretical features and educational incentives2010Ingår i: Young - Nordic Journal of Youth Research, ISSN 1103-3088, E-ISSN 1741-3222, Vol. 18, nr 2, s. 197-222Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article highlights ordinary young citizens’ understanding of democracy. In a system based on rule of the people, it is surprising how little attention scholars have paid to common-sense views of democracy. The article is based on focusgroup interviews with young Swedes. Their views of democracy are analyzed in the context of democratic theory. The results show that there is massive support among the youths for the democratic idea, that they see elite democracy as as self-evident form of democracy and that they consider democracy to be a problematic good, emphasizing their doubts about human capacity, limited ruling opportunities and problems around inequality and risky principles. References to research on Swedish education show that the conceptualizations in several respects reflect how democracy and citizenship are framed in Swedish schools. It is suggested that the results of the study can influence both the form and contentof civic education.

  • 169.
    Arensmeier, Cecilia
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Three Decades of School Failure in Swedish Compulsory School2022Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, ISSN 0031-3831, E-ISSN 1470-1170, Vol. 66, nr 1, s. 14-27Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In Sweden, compulsory school grades determine admission to upper- secondary school. The article maps grading outcomes in compulsory school for 1990–2017, when three different grading scales were used, in terms of students’ distribution across grading steps. Statistics of grades for all Swedish grade 9 students (all school subjects) are used. Contrary to policymakers’ expectations, the results show that a large proportion of students failed to pass compulsory school immediately after a criterion-referenced system with a sharp pass/fail distinction was introduced in the late 1990s. The failure rate has since then remained strikingly constant. Swedish as a second language differs from the main pattern, with a substantially higher failure rate that is increasing over time. This outcome is discussed with reference to grading policy as a matter of social choice.

  • 170.
    Arensmeier, Cecilia
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Ungdomars syn på tolerans2016Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
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    fulltext
  • 171.
    Arensmeier, Cecilia
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Ungdomars tyn på tolerans2017Ingår i: Toleransens mekanismer: en antologi / [ed] Lundberg, Erik, Stockholm: Forum för levande historia , 2017, s. 171-221Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 172.
    Arensmeier, Cecilia
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Young people’s views on tolerance2017Ingår i: Mechanisms of tolerance: an anthology / [ed] Lundberg, Erik, Stockholm: The Living History Forum , 2017, s. 177-231Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 173.
    Arensmeier, Cecilia
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Lennqvist Lindén, Ann-Sofie
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Bemyndigande eller granskning: nationella prov som styrinstrument2017Ingår i: Utbildning och Demokrati, ISSN 1102-6472, E-ISSN 2001-7316, ISSN 1102-6472, Vol. 26, nr 2, s. 49-74Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Authorizing or auditing – national tests as a governing tool

    NPM, particularly in the form of output evaluations, have had a large impact on Swedish educational reforms over the past decades. This article focuses on the governing of schools and the professional status of teachers by examining how teachers have experienced the new national tests, introduced in compulsory schools in 2014 in social study subjects. Two ideal types of governing, authorizing and auditing, provide the theoretical framework. The empirical material consists of focus group interviews. The results expose a tension in teacher experience. On the one hand, the teachers feel validated by the tests; on the other, they oppose the questioning of their profession that the tests imply. Trust is a key factor at play. The current way Swedish schools are governed signals a distrust in teachers. At the same time, the teachers display a significant level of trust in the state, combined with a limited professional confidence. This reinforces the status of teaching as a semi-profession. 

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  • 174.
    Arensmeier, Cecilia
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Lennqvist Lindén, Ann-Sofie
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Studenter som kunder och konsten att vara lärare: från frustration till självreflektion2014Ingår i: Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, ISSN 0039-0747, Vol. 116, nr 4, s. 379-404Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The first generation of students who started school after the large Swedish educationalreforms of decentralization and marketization in the 1990s is now enteringthe university. They have grown up in an individualized society, with a publicsector permeated by new public management ideals. The purpose of this articleis to discuss students' attitudes and approaches to studies, in the light of thesesocio-political changes, and to reflect on challenges and possibilities for teachingin higher education. With an empirical material consisting of correspondence withstudents and comments in course evaluations, we give examples of attitudes andbehaviours that can be understood as expressions of a rather demanding individualisticcustomer approach to education. We conclude by arguing that our teachingpractice must take these partly new circumstances into account. If we want tobecome better teachers, we must understand our students.

  • 175.
    Arnsvik Bjurefalk, Tove
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    HUR ARBETAR INTERNATIONELLA ORGANISATIONER MOT KORRUPTION ?: En jämförande analys2014Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
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    fulltext
  • 176.
    Aronsson, Eric
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Bjärnebrand, Erik
    Örebro universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Den politiska splittringen i Palestina: En kvalitativ jämförelse av Fatah och Hamas2008Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats
  • 177.
    Asempapa, Samuel Selorm
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    GOVERNING TOWARDS SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORT INNOVATION -THE CASE OF THE ACCRA BUS RAPID TRANSIT (BRT) SYSTEM2020Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 178.
    Asiimwe, Edgar
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Wakabi, Wairagala
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Grönlund, Åke
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Using Technology for Enhancing Transparency and Accountability in Low Resource Communities: Experiences from Uganda2013Ingår i: ICT for Anti-Corruption, Democracy and Education In East Africa / [ed] Katja Sarajeva, Stockholm: Stockholm University, 2013, 6, s. 37-51Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This study aimed at investigating the user needs, practices, experiences and challenges faced in promoting transparency and accountability using ICT in low-resource communities. The research was conducted on two ICT4D (Information and Communication Technology for Development) initiatives, a call center, and a telecenter supported by two projects; (1) “Promoting Social Accountability In The Health Sector In Northern Uganda”, (2) “Catalyzing Civic Participation And Democracy Monitoring Using ICTs”. The two projects sought to fight corruption by increasing transparency and accountability using ICT to enable “whistle-blowing,” i.e., reporting misconduct in service provision. The projects are based in Uganda and are carried out by Spider (Swedish Program for ICT in Developing Regions) partner organizations: Transparency International (TI) Uganda and Collaboration International ICT Policy in East and Southern Africa (CIPESA). Using interviews, focus group discussions and observations, the study addressed three research questions: (1) How have the two projects provided citizens a trusted and effective channel for “whistle-blowing”? (2) What are the enabling factors for whistle-blowing through ICT and challenges that affect whistle-blowers and how can the challenges be overcome?

    The ICT service-delivery monitoring and reporting methods used by projects include toll free phone calls, blogs, radio talk shows, SMS and e-mail for reaching out; and processes for verification of reports and for communicating reports to government. There are results that indicate these methods are sound enough to serve the purposes of transparency and accountability, and the track record exhibits real change achieved in many instances. ICT users are optimistic and trustful of these ICT methods. Effective whistle-blowing includes efficient and effective reporting processes, convenience in reporting, actual service delivery improvements, availability and privacy, and affordability. There are also a number of challenges, including user education, gender issues, and general issues pertaining to the business model, including economic sustainability and finding the most effective scope of the operations.

  • 179.
    Avdic, Adisa
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Policyimplementering genom myndighetssamverkan: En teoretisk analys av två olika fall2022Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 180.
    Avdic, Samir
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    FRIHANDELSAVTALET TTIP: -    till vilket pris?2017Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The main purpose of this paper was to illustrate the relationship between national sovereignty and the Translantic Trade and Investment Partnership (also known as TTIP), focusing on democratic values as well as economic values. Furthermore, this study also aimed to use this information to investigate whether TTIP is more related to democratic values or economic values.TTIP is a trade agreement being negotiated between the European Union (EU) and the United States (USA). The primary aim of TTIP is to increase trade and investment between the EU and the USA through the elimination of trade barriers, such as regulations, restrictions on investment etc. However, during the last couple of years, a number of public debates about TTIP’s impact on national sovereignty and democracy have been taking place across the globe. The main reasons are, for instance, lack of transparency around TTIP and Investor-State Dispute Settlements (ISDS).In order to achieve the aim of this paper, reports of the negotiations rounds have been used. Other than national sovereignty, democratic values and economic values, the paper focuses also on two theoretical concepts of international trade: the liberal perspective and the realist nationalist perspective.Results of this qualitative study show that TTIP and its economic activity, at the moment, is undermining national sovereignty and democratic values.

  • 181.
    Axelsson, Per
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    EN METOD BLAND ANDRA: – Civil olydnad som en demokratisk innovation2014Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 182.
    Bachora, Larissa
    et al.
    Hamburg.
    Elander, Ingemar
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för humaniora, utbildning och samhällsvetenskap.
    Fridolfsson, Charlotte
    Linköpings universitet.
    Faith-based organizations and social exclusion in Denmark2011Ingår i: Faith-based organisations and social exclusion in Ireland and Denmark, Leuven: Acco , 2011, 1, , s. 66s. 27-66Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 183.
    Bacic, Cornelia
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Venäläinen, Rebecca
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    POLITISKT DELTAGANDEIRESURSSVAGA OMRÅDEN: En kvantitativ studie om CVM-modellens förklaringsgrad på politiskt deltagande i resurssvaga områden2024Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Political participation is a vital part of modern democracies which can be described as a way to convey the interests and the preferences of citizens and exert pressure on the government to align with the will of the citizens. For this sake it could be considered a democracy problem that citizens participate to varying extents, where people living in disadvantaged areas participate to a lesser extent compared to people in areas with a higher degree of resources. This study sets out to investigate the reasons behind this reality, using the components of the Civic Voluntarism Model as explanatory factors behind political participation within areas of different resource levels and comparing the finding between the areas to see which factors matter the most depending on the area. The research questions used are (1) Which effect do resources, motivation and recruiting network have on political participation in disadvantaged areas, and (2) Do the effects differ between disadvantaged areas and other areas? The questions will be answered using logistic regression on a data set from the 2021 SOM-survey in Gothenburg. The results show that the Civic Voluntarism Model has a higher degree of explanation in disadvantaged areas and that the factor showing the strongest degree of explanation is being a member of a local association, especially in disadvantaged areas. Some of the results are however contradictory to previous research, which gives rise to a discussion whether quantitative methods are appropriate for understanding participation – and the lack thereof – or if this needs to be further examined using qualitative methods. Keywords:

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    POLITISKT DELTAGANDEIRESURSSVAGA OMRÅDEN: En kvantitativ studie om CVM-modellens förklaringsgrad på politiskt deltagande i resurssvaga områden
  • 184.
    Bahceci, Melissa
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Hasanpour, Galawesh
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Sverigedemokraternas jämställdhetssyn ochhögerpopulism2021Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This study is a qualitative analysis of the Sweden Democrats (Sverigedemokraterna/SD)which is a party that has grown greatly in just a couple of years. What inspired this study wasthe fact that this party is known for being conservative and nationalistic and that is where theidea to analyse if the party’s policies of equality is characterized by right-wing populism,originated.For this study, a qualitative text analysis method has been used. The aim of this study is toanalyze and study if the Sweden Democrats’ perspective of equality and their policies inequality is characterized by right-wing populism. As the theoretical framework, gendertheory and right-wing ideology was used. Previous research of equality, gender, the SwedenDemocrats and right-wing populism have also been helpful contributions. To study theSweden Democrats, their propositions to the Parliament (Riksdag) have been used and mostof these are about equality and gender. Previous research and their party program have beenused as well. This analysis has reached results that are very similar to the previous researchabout the Sweden Democrats. The analysis showed that the Swedish Democrats have aperspective of equality and a policy in equality that are both characterized by right-wingpopulism and its traits.

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  • 185.
    Bahram, Sara
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    SOCIAL HÅLLBARHET I OFFENTLIG UPPHANDLING -En studie om offentlig upphandling som politiskt styrmedel genom den nationella upphandlingsstrategin2020Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    In this essay a quantitative empirical study with additional qualitative studies are performed. The purpose of this essay is to study how public procurement is used as a political instrument through the national procurement strategy. Swedish procurement legislation is based on EU directives since January 1, 1994 when the 1992 Act: 1,528 entered into force. The purpose of the provisions was to ensure legal certainty in the purchasing and commercial practices of public authorities. Public authorities spend about 17% of EU gross domestic product on public procurement. The value of purchases covered by procurement laws is estimated at approximately SEK 625 billion, which corresponds to 25% of GDP excluding VAT. This represents just over one-sixth of gross domestic product. Swedish procurement law is based on EU law and lies between administrative and civil law and is often described as commercial administrative law, as public procurement concerns how the public sector will act in commercial transactions. Public procurement has in recent years been the subject of political focus and a way to achieve political goals. The conclusions of this essay are that it is mainly time and human resources that causes a deficient implementation of the national procurement strategy. According to the top-down perspective, there are a number of possible obstacles to the implementation of a policy, lack of time and resources in the state authorities may have contributed to the national procurement strategy not being implemented to the extent that the government probably hoped. The national procurement strategy has had a direct effect on 5 authorities regarding social sustainability. The authorities that have given social sustainability their own heading in the governing documents can, from the top-down perspective, be considered to have had sufficient time to implement the concepts.

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  • 186.
    Bajrovic, Henrik
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    BÅDE LIKA OCH OLIKA -En jämförande fallstudie av kvinnorepresentationens utveckling i två svenska kommuner2018Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This essay sets out to compare and understand the development of the political representation in two Swedish municipalities during the feminist wave in the 1980’s and 1990’s. The main question of the essay concerns how the development of female representation in municipal council can be understood in regards to this feminist wave. It also seeks out to understand what similarities and diffrences that can be identified in the two municipilaties. The motivation of the essay is based upon understanding if some municipalities are more receptive by outside pressure and if some are less receptive. This outside pressure in this case is limited to the feminist wave during the 1980’s and the 1990’s.

    The method in use is a comparative cross-sectional study with a "most diffrent research design". The selection of the two municipalities is based upon that they are as different as possible according to the "local gender contract". Which means a traditional municipality and a more modernistic. The empirical material of the essay includes protocol that shows every councilor that has been elected in the municipalities during the feminist wave. Using the protocols a study has been conducted researching if the modernistic or the traditional municipality has been more or less receptive of the feminist wave. The result shows that both municipalities has been receptive of the feminist wave, although the traditional municipality has been receptive in the form of a late response. Furthermore the results show that both the parties in the municipalities and the municipalities as a whole has given different response to the feminist wave which can be understood through formal and informal political institutions.

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  • 187.
    Bakunzibake, Pierre
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet. College of Science and Technology, School of ICT, University of Rwanda, , Rwanda.
    Towards Organizational Transformation in Developing Countries: Enterprise Content Management in Rwanda2016Ingår i: Electronic Government and Electronic Participation, Amsterdam: IOS Press, 2016, s. 305-312Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    E-government development is more advanced in developed countries compared to developing countries. Organizational transformation by e-government in developing countries is still at infancy stage. Incremental or radical changes seem to be a subsequent stage in settings where technological implementations are still fresh like in developing countries. In a journey towards organizational transformation, this research work, using design science research, aims 1) to find critical factors influencing implementation of enterprise content management (ECM) in Rwanda as one of the developing countries, 2) to carry out an investigation on how these factors are related to literature in order to detect e-government development stage and 3) to eventually propose a next step towards organizational transformation. Preliminarily results show that implementation of ECM in Rwanda has been focusing on deploying a technical tool in government organizations and this implies that work processes re-design and change management are imperative. The overall contribution of this entire study in progress is two-fold: 1) to suggest a practical way in solving some issues related to efficiency in administrative activities for practitioners towards organizational transformation in a developing country and 2) to create new knowledge for e-government researchers on organization matters especially in developing countries.

  • 188.
    Bakunzibake, Pierre
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet. College of Science and Technology, School of Engineering and School of ICT, , Rwanda.
    Grönlund, Åke
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Klein, Gunnar O.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    E-Government Implementation in Developing Countries: Enterprise Content Management in Rwanda2016Ingår i: Electronic Government and Electronic Participation, Amsterdam: IOS Press, 2016, s. 251-259Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    E-Government is now on the rise in developing countries. While developing countries can "leapfrog" technology generations, the necessary organizational change is another matter. In industrialized countries technical systems have been developed over long time in parallel with institutional development; developing countries hope to make that journey faster. Most of the e-Government implementation research focuses on developed countries. It is important to explore the relation between the literature and the findings in the context of developing countries as to come up with a gap to reduce. An interview study with 56 people in 10 government organizations involved in implementing a government-wide enterprise content management system was conducted to find out how critical success factors found in literature on implementation of information management systems relate to the situation in the Rwanda public sector to discover the step forward in Rwanda. We find a large gap between expectations and results due to a strong focus on the technical tool and little concerns about issues related to organizational change.

  • 189.
    Bal, Zelal
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Pro-kurdiska politiska motståndsstrategier i Turkiet: en diskursiv analys2014Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis focuses on pro-kurdish activism in Turkey during 2005–2009. It is based on a large number of interviews conducted with activists within the Diyarbakır area. The form of activism that this study seeks to describe is civil and political activism conducted within the legal framework ofTurkey’s judicial system and international law.The purpose of this thesis is to examine what kind of resistance strategies are used by pro-Kurdish political activists in Turkey, focusing on how these strategies are reflected in the language used by the respondents. The main question posed in the thesis is: What resistance strategies are used within the pro-Kurdish movement in Turkey? Two additional questions were also posed in order to make it possible to answer the main question. The first of these is: What external conditions influence pro-Kurdish mobilization in Turkey during the study’s time frame? In order to answer this question a theoretical framework is used that includes theories about ethnopolitical mobilization and political opportunity structures. The second question is: What resistance strategies are reflected in the language used by the pro-Kurdish activists?An important resistance strategy used by the pro-Kurdish activists is to adapt the language used in public communication to the legal and political environment in which they find themselves. They make linguistic choices in order to convey political messages while minimizing the legal consequences of doing so. The resistance strategies reflected in the interviews with the activists also include efforts to build organizations and cooperations at different levels, ranging from the international to the local level. Resistance strategies also include choices regarding what medium and language to use in promoting pro-Kurdish politics.

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    Spikblad
  • 190.
    Balkmar, Dag
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Strid, Sofia
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Humbert, Anne Laure
    Oxford Brookes University, Oxford, UK.
    On violence policy and “women friendly” welfare regimes2019Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to critically interrogate the concepts of gender violence regime and violence regime, and how societal welfare state regimes and gender regimes translate, or do not translate, into gender violence regimes or violence regimes. Taking violence as the point of departure, this paper addresses violence as problem with many contested meanings and politics. Welfare state regime research (Esping-Andersen 1990, 1992), including that on gender welfare regimes (e.g. Lewis 1992; Sainsbury 1999), has generated different frames, for understanding the problem of violence. It is argued that some welfare regimes are more women-friendly than others. However, empirical bases for these conclusions often exclude violence; welfare state regime research has thereby overlooked one of the most substantial, deep-rooted causes and consequences of gendered inequalities. The question is, is assumptions of women-friendliness turned upside down when gender-based violence is taken into account? 

  • 191.
    Banaij, Shakuntala
    et al.
    Media and Communications, London School of Economics, London, UK.
    Mejias, Sam
    Media and Communications, London School of Economics, London, UK.
    Kouts, Ragne
    Institute of Social Studies, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia.
    Piedade, Filipe
    Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Center for Research and Intervention in Education (CIIE), University of Porto, Porto, Portugal.
    Pavlopoulos, Vassilis
    Department of Psychology, School of Philosophy, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greece.
    Tzankova, Iana
    Department of Psychology, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy.
    Mackova, Alena
    Institute for Research of Children, Youth and Family, Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic.
    Amnå, Erik
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Citizenship's tangled web: Associations, gaps and tensions in formulations of European youth active citizenship across disciplines2018Ingår i: European Journal of Developmental Psychology, ISSN 1740-5629, E-ISSN 1740-5610, Vol. 15, nr 3, s. 250-269Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    How does academic literature across various disciplines conceptualize and empirically address active citizenship? What are the potential benefits and dangers of dominant epistemological and ideological perspectives on ‘good citizenship’? Our paper engages with these questions by drawing on literature across 12 disciplines. We used textual analysis software TLAB to quantify and visualize co-occurrences, word associations and thematic clusters in the abstracts of 770 texts gathered by eight country teams and original in-depth qualitative analyses of ideological positions and discourses taken up in a selection of key texts across the corpus. Our paper elaborates the findings: that many of the key themes surrounding young people and citizenship in the literature share little or no connection with European citizenship; that there is a significant gap in the literature on young European citizens; and that studies connected to internal, status-based factors connected to citizenship are far more prevalent than those examining external, practice-based factors or dissidence and dissent. Our conclusions examine the potential normative implications of the disjuncture between dominant conceptions and critical accounts of youth active citizenship.

  • 192.
    Barre Warsame, Abdihakim
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Implementation Challenges For Disaster Risk Management In Somalia And Somaliland -A Comparative Case Study of the Challenges faced by Local NGOs in Somalia And Somaliland.2019Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 193.
    Bashir, Nawaal
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Hasan, Rasil
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Åtgärder för det segregerade samhället: En kvalitativ fallstudie av skolstängning och bussning iTrollhättans kommun2022Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to examine how the municipality of Trollhattan works to counteractschool segregation in Kronogarden and integrate the schools in the whole municipality. Theclosure of the schools in Kronogarden is in focus in this study, but there is also the ambitionto look more closely at whether the closure of schools as a measure fulfills a function relatedto previous research. The methods used in this study are qualitative text analysis andinterview method, where framing constituted the analytical framework for the empiricalmaterial in order to be able to analyze. The main results of the study show that themunicipality of Trollhattan works in different directions to counteract and solve schoolsegregation. Kronogarden is in focus for Trollhattan's municipality's work regarding bothcounteracting segregation and integration in general. The results also indicate that schoolsegregation has arisen due to other factors such as housing segregation and school choice.Related to previous research, it is stated that the closure of schools as a measure forintegration purposes has seldom proved to be successful in solving school segregation.Through the analysis, it has been emphasized that in the municipality of Trollhattan, there ismore needed than just closing down schools in certain areas to solve school segregation, as itdoes not constitute the core of the problem.

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  • 194.
    Bashir, Sahra
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Ercik, Zozan
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Underrepresentation och politiskt självförtroende hos unga förtroendevalda: En studie om underrepresentationen påverkar unga förtroendevaldas politiska självförtroende samt om deras upplevelser av underrepresentationen2024Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research in descriptive representation has devoted little attention to young individuals’ underrepresentation in political assemblies and primarily focused on the underrepresentation of other marginalized groups (Joshi 2013). It is important from a democratic and normative perspective to include young people in political assemblies to ensure diverse and comprehensive representation. The aim of this paper is to understand if the descriptive underrepresentation of young elected officials has an impact on their political efficacy and their perceptions of underrepresentation. This paper centralizes around two theoretical frameworks: descriptive representation and political efficacy. The research questions are: a) Does underrepresentation affect the political efficacy of young elected officials? b) How do young elected officials perceive their underrepresentation?

    The results of our analysis show that most of the respondents have a high internal and external political efficacy despite being underrepresented and that the respondents are not negatively affected by being underrepresented. The results indicate that having a high political efficacy might go beyond the negative effects of underrepresentation.

  • 195.
    Bassam, Rabab
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    EGYPTEN – PÅ VÄG MOT ELLER FRÅN DEMOKRATI?: En skildring av den politiska utvecklingen sedan våren 20112016Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
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  • 196.
    Beck, Silke
    et al.
    Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research, Leipzig, Germany.
    Esguerra, Alejandra
    Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research, Leipzig, Germany.
    Borie, Maud
    University of East Anglia, Norwich, United Kingdom.
    Chilvers, Jason
    University of East Anglia, Norwich, United Kingdom.
    Görg, Christoph
    Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research, Leipzig, Germany.
    Heubach, Katja
    Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research, Leipzig, Germany.
    Marquard, Elisabeth
    Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research, Leipzig, Germany.
    Nesshöver, Carsten
    Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research, Leipzig, Germany.
    Hulme, Mike
    King's College, London, United Kingdom.
    Lidskog, Rolf
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Lövbrand, Eva
    Linköpings universitet, Linköping, Sweden.
    Miller, Clark
    Arizona State University,Tempe, USA.
    Nadim, Tahani
    Museum für Naturkunde, Berlin, Germany.
    Settele, Josef
    Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research, Leipzig, Germany.
    Turnhout, Esther
    Wageningen University, Wageningen, Netherlands.
    Vasileiadou, Eleftheria
    Eindhoven Univesity of Technology, Eindhoven, Netherlands.
    Towards a reflexive turn in the governance of global environmental expertise: The cases of the IPCC and the IPBES2014Ingår i: GAIA, ISSN 0940-5550, E-ISSN 2625-5413, Vol. 23, nr 2, s. 80-87Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The role and design of global expert organizations such as the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) or the Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) needs rethinking. Acknowledging that a one-size-fits-all model does not exist, we suggest a reflexive turn that implies treating the governance of expertise as a matter of political contestation.

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    Towards a reflexive turn
  • 197.
    Bejerot, Eva
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Hasselbladh, Hans
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Forms of Intervention in Public Sector Organizations: Generic Traits in Public Sector Reforms2013Ingår i: Organization Studies, ISSN 0170-8406, E-ISSN 1741-3044, Vol. 34, nr 9, s. 1357-1380Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The present paper argues that recent research on public sector reforms offers few contributions to the body of knowledge on this topic because it adds little to the conclusions drawn during the first generation of research in this area. Although these later studies have often been context-specific and have explored the details of the process of change in some depth, it is rather difficult to compare their results or to make reasoned judgements of the comprehensiveness and centrality of the analysed change. Although most public sector reforms that affect hospitals, schools or social services are initiated and designed by national governments, individual case studies of local administrations often fail to capture the generic traits of nationwide reforms. However, public sector change cannot be approached as if it comprises collections of nominally independent local events. The present paper argues for two new approaches to the study of public sector change: (i) the systematic categorization of the different forms of governmental intervention under study and (ii) analysis of the ways in which these forms of intervention are linked and interact. Based on extensive empirical research, this paper suggests a generic classification of these forms of intervention that can be used in empirical research on comprehensive public sector change. Consequently, five interventions in public sector organizations are suggested, namely political intervention, intervention by laws and regulations, intervention by audit and inspection, intervention by management and intervention by rationalizing professional practice. The model is particularly well suited to the longitudinal analysis of complex public sector reforms. This approach provides a conceptual tool to distinguish between interventions based on different forms of knowledge and to investigate how they are linked to each other vertically and horizontally. We demonstrate the usefulness of the model by analysing two empirical examples of reforms in which a variety of interventions were imposed at the local level, through legislation as well as a spectrum of voluntary measures proposed by government agencies, by national associations for local and regional councils and by other national or regional actors.

  • 198.
    Beland Lindahl, Karin
    et al.
    Unit of Political Science, Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden.
    Sténs, Anna
    Dept. of Historyical, Philosophical and Religious studies, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Sandström, Camilla
    Dept. of Political Science, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Johansson, Johanna
    Dept. of Political Science, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Lidskog, Rolf
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Ranius, Thomas
    Dept. of Ecology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU), Uppsala, Sweden.
    Roberge, Jean-Michel
    Dept. of Wildlife, Fish, and Environmental Studies, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU), Umeå, Sweden.
    The Swedish forestry model: More of everything?2017Ingår i: Forest Policy and Economics, ISSN 1389-9341, E-ISSN 1872-7050, Vol. 77, s. 44-55Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    “The Swedish forestry model” refers to the forest regime that evolved following the 1993 revision of the Swedish Forestry Act. It is key to Swedish forest politics and used to capture the essence of a sustainable way of managing forests. However, the ideas, institutions and practices comprising the model have not been comprehensively analyzed previously. Addressing this knowledge gap,we use frame analysis and a Pathways approach to investigate the underlying governance model, focusing on the way policy problems are addressed, goals, implementation procedures, outcomes and the resulting pathways to sustainability.Wesuggest that the institutionally embedded response to pressing sustainability challenges and increasing demands is expansion, inclusion and integration: more of everything. The more-of-everything pathway is influenced by ideas of ecological modernization and the optimistic view that existing resources can be increased. Our findings suggest that in effect it prioritizes the economic dimension of sustainability. While broadening out policy formulation it closes down the range of alternative outputs, a shortcoming that hampers its capacity to respond to current sustainability challenges. Consequently, there is a need for a broad public debate regarding not only the role of forests in future society, but also the operationalization of sustainable development.

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  • 199.
    Benerdal, Malin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science, Umeå, Sweden.
    Exploring Evaluation Policy: as a process, concept and activity2013Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The concept of evaluation policy usually refers to "the way to do evaluations" in line with SIDA's (Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency) strategy for conducting evaluations (SIDA 1999; 2012). This way of framing evaluation policy is in my experience, the most common way to think of the concept. A strategic and written plan for how evaluations should be conducted. That is, policy is the product of authoritative decision making and the policy work contains the implementation of this decision. However, this is not the only way to view evaluation policy, and a few years back New Directions for Evaluation devoted a special issue to highlight evaluation policy. With scholars such as Mark, Cooksy, Trochim and Chelimsky (2009) arguing for the need of a "fresh look on evaluation policy" and especially the intimate relation with the evaluation practice (Trochim 2009). Although this sounds like an attempting and promising opening for a debate, these scholars have not adequately addressed the issue of evaluation policy by focusing solely on the hierarchy of policy-making, thus ignoring the vertical dimension of evaluation policy, which is highly relevant to develop a deeper understanding of the making of evaluation policy. My paper addresses the issue of making evaluation policy and with special attention to the vertical and horizontal dimension, emanating from the understanding of policy as a contested, interactive process and activity of many hands. Specifically, in my PhD-project, I will be looking at the making of evaluation policy in the education field, a frequently evaluated domain. This paper will be devoted to the discussion of the concept of evaluation policy and the different dimensions of policy, that is the vertical and horizontal aspect (Colebatch 1998) with examples of evaluation policies from the educational field. This also involves evaluation steering which affect and constitute the conditions for how the evaluation practice can evolve (Hanberger 2013; Foss Hansen 2013). Hence, this sheds light on the constant question of power in evaluation policy. I argue that evaluation policy is an important concept that needs a different or more inclusive approach emerging from the literature on policy work. It also has to be recognized that the practice of evaluation policy is not so much about implementing an already formulated evaluation policy, but rather about creating evaluation policies which is a process of social construction, of collective sense making. In conclusion, this project, by closely examining evaluation policy, sheds new light on the processes of making evaluation policy, and how this can be researched.

  • 200.
    Benerdal, Malin
    Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science, Umeå, Sweden; Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of applied educational science, Umeå, Sweden.
    From local conditionality to complexity reductionism? Exploring national evaluation policy in educational reforms in Sweden2016Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The demand for evaluation and monitoring in governance is well known. A development that has taken different forms in different countries, this paper focusing on Sweden and the educational sector. Even though evaluation is an old practice within the government of Sweden, different times have called for different kinds of evaluation (see e.g. Vedung 2010). In the late 1980s the governing of the education system was reformed to a system of management by objectives and results, hence demanding new functions for evaluation in the governing of education. This could be seen as a shift into governing by evaluation (see Foss Hansen 2013). But how this takes shape can be expected to be a constant struggle since the question of what evaluation is, and should be, in a specific governing setting is a political question in a world of symbols, ideologies and power relations (Hanberger 2012). Therefore, how evaluation is perceived, what is being evaluated and how and whom having a voice are matters concerning governing of evaluation. The argument here being that by focusing on, and scrutinizing, evaluation policy these kinds of questions can be explored, questioned and possibly criticized. With evaluation policy being defined as the formal and informal rules, routines and norms that is used to shape, conduct or change decisions and actions regarding evaluation. This means that both explicit and implicit evaluation policy can be studied.

    The aim of the paper is to explore and describe how evaluation policy is formed and steered within the educational sector in Sweden during two periods of intense educational reforms (1988-1994 and 2008-2014). Drawing on a policy design framework different design elements is identified from empirical material such as governmental and educational agencies documents, and by mapping of evaluation systems and evaluations conducted by responsible agencies. The analysis show that the amount of evaluations and evaluation systems has increased over the years. Today, the Swedish education system rely extensively on evaluations of different kinds as a way to control and enhance quality and performance in education and schooling but also to enable competition and support school choice on the Swedish education market. But while more measuring and evaluation could possibly widen the debate the preliminary results indicate that ‘complexity reductionism’ rather being the case. More performance measurements and use of indicators and to a larger extent relying on international student assessments to value the national educational system while stand-alone evaluations adhering to the complex nature of education taking the backseat. The preliminary findings thus indicate that evaluation policy could be one possible way to enhance our understanding of the relationship between evaluation and governance. Making it possible to question the role and function of evaluation in governance. And thus, to explore governance of and by evaluation.

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