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  • 2001.
    Ärlig, Linda
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Edvardsson, Bo
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Retorikfallet: förföljande strategier i ett LVU-ärende1996Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Critical examination of documents in a child protection case. A lot of persecutory strategies are found. A full translation of the report into english can be found inwww.nkmr.org

  • 2002.
    Åberg, Hanna
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Vad är en skälig levnadsnivå? En kvalitativ studie om handläggares och klienters perspektiv på begreppet.2011Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 2003.
    Åberg, Sara
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Jinnerot, Mattias
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    DEMOKRATI I RETORIK OCH PRAKTIK: En kvantitativ studie om elevers erfarenheter av demokratiarbetet i grundskolan2010Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study aims to examine 9th graders experience of democracy in schools. In the study there is a distinction between a functionalist-, deliberative- and participative theory of democracy. A number of different documents, regulating the democracy work in primary schools, is analyzed from the different democratic perspectives. A survey of 98 students in grade nine at four schools in Örebro Kommun, was conducted to examine students' experiences. Survey responses were compared with the curriculums, democratic theories and previous research on democracy in schools, to see first how the school meets requirements of the curriculums, and secondly were the emphasis of the work of democracy is done. Results show that the emphasis is within the functionalist theory of democracy, but also that students, more than the results of previous research, experience that the deliberative democracy is functioning. The result also shows that students wants to, but do not feel themselves able to, influence their situation in school.

  • 2004.
    Ågren, Natalie
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Joensuu, Louise
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Att möta våldsutsatta kvinnor: En kvalitativ studie av yrkesverksamma polisers och socialsekreterares uppfattning om kunskap och kompetens inom området mäns våld mot kvinnor2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Föreliggande studie presenterar hur undersökande och jämförande av vilken kunskap som polis och socialarbetare anser sig behöva för att kunna utföra ett effektivt och professionellt arbete med mäns våld mot kvinnor. För att kunna göra detta genomfördes sex semistrukturerade intervjuer med poliser och socialsekreterare som dagligen i någon utsträckning kommer i kontakt med eller arbetar med våldsutsatta kvinnor. De semistrukturerade intervjuerna utformades utifrån begreppen tyst kunskap, praktisk kunskap, teoretisk kunskap och kompetens. Resultatet visar att den tysta kunskapen beskrivs som en magkänsla som bedöms vara ytterst relevant i arbetet med våldsutsatta kvinnor. Vidare visar resultatet på att den praktiska kunskapen för socialtjänsten består i att kunna vägleda den våldsutsatta kvinnan medan poliserna lägger större vikt vid utredningsförmåga. Praktisk kunskap beskrivs också som erfarenhetsbaserad kunskap. Resultatet visar också på att teoretisk kunskap är starkt kopplad till utbildning samt kunskap om normaliseringsprocessen. Slutligen visar resultatet att kompetens är en form av lyhördhet och självuppfattning som en yrkesverksam bör ha genom att känna till sina egna begränsningar. Slutsatserna av studiens resultat vittnar om att vidare forskning på arbetsmetoder inom området behövs för att få en mer integrerad och gemensam kunskapsbas 

  • 2005.
    Åkerström, Jeanette
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work. Mälardalens högskola, Västerås, Sweden.
    A model of participation in school life2015In: Rights of children in the Nordic welfare states: conceptual and emprirical enquiries / [ed] Gro Hellesdatter Jacobsen, Copenhagen: NSU Press, 2015, p. 189-210Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 2006.
    Åkerström, Jeanette
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    A model of participation in school-life2014Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Participation in decision making is often considered to be a fundamental right of children and young people. In this chapter, a model is presented of young people’s perspectives o nparticipation in school life. This model is based on a Swedish survey study where 100 girls and boys (15–19 years) answered a questionnaire about their perceptions and experiences of participation in school. The survey was conducted by eight adolescent girls who collaborated as research partners with two adult researchers in a research circle. In this interactive research, young people’s perspectives were explored. The young research partners defined the purpose, research questions and participants of the survey study. They also performed their own intra-generational analyses of the empirical data collected in the study. In their intra-generational analyses, the research partners identified dimensions and aspects of participation in school that were described as important by the girls and boys who participated in the survey. Based on the results from the research partners’ analyses,this chapter calls for a wider understanding of participation and greater awareness among adults and young people in schools of how to use communication inclusively, approach young people as individuals, and treat them with respect.

  • 2007.
    Åkerström, Jeanette
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work. Mälardalens högskola, Västerås, Sweden.
    Children's rights in the modern human rights system2015In: Rights of children in the Nordic welfare states: conceptual and empirical enquiries / [ed] Gro Hellesdatter Jacobsen, Copenhagen: NSU Press, 2015, p. 37-50Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 2008.
    Åkerström, Jeanette
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work. Mälardalen University, Eskilstuna, Sweden.
    "Participation is everything": young people's voices on participation in school life2014Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis shows that participation is an important and comprehensive concept for young people. The aim of the thesis is to explore young people’s perspectives on and experiences of participation in school. Young people are in this research project understood as competent participants and as valuable contributors in research. Young people (aged 13–19 years) are involved as both research partners and research respondents. The design is explorative and mixed methods are used. Study 1 describes an interactive research circle with young people as research partners. Participation and asymmetric responsibility are identified as integral to research with young people. Study 2 describes a youth survey about young people’s participation that was conducted by the research partners in the research circle. This study shows that young people’s opportunities and abilities to communicate are crucial to their participation.  Supportive relations are an important aspect and the young people describe that they want adults to support them in taking responsibility themselves. Study 3 is based on the results of the youth survey and describes a model of young people’s perspectives on participation. Viewed from young people’s perspectives, participation is shown to include social, educational and decision-making dimensions. Communication is identified as a central participatory dimension. This study describes how participation in school is created in both horizontal and vertical relations. Study 4 is about participation and exposure to bullying and threats in school and is informed by the results of the youth survey. This study shows how students with disabilities and especially students with multiple disabilities are in a vulnerable situation. They face greater risks of being excluded from participatory dimensions in school or of being more exposed to degrading treatment if they do participate. Girls with multiple disabilities seem to be in an extra vulnerable situation. Overall, this research project shows that young people’s perspectives are an important complement to adults’ perspectives on participation in school.

    List of papers
    1. Young people as partners in research: experiences from an interactive research circle with adolescent girls
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Young people as partners in research: experiences from an interactive research circle with adolescent girls
    2013 (English)In: Qualitative Research, ISSN 1468-7941, E-ISSN 1741-3109, Vol. 13, no 5, p. 528-545Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents an interactive research methodology for young people's participation in research. A model of the research circle, based on the Scandinavian study-circle tradition with democratic ideals, was created and is described. The empirical example is from Sweden. Academic researchers invited young people to be research partners in a research circle. The asymmetrical relationship between the researchers and the young research partners made asymmetric responsibility and respect into central parts of the methodology. The interactive process in the research circle concerns research fundamentals: developing methodological knowledge, designing a study, how to formulate the research questions from the viewpoint of young people, how to analyze from a generational insider perspective, and how to handle institutionalized and asymmetric power relations in social knowledge formation.

    Keywords
    Action research, children, children's rights, interactive research, methodology, participation, Sweden, young people
    National Category
    Social Sciences
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-32399 (URN)10.1177/1468794112451035 (DOI)000324535000003 ()2-s2.0-84884367415 (Scopus ID)
    Available from: 2013-11-15 Created: 2013-11-15 Last updated: 2018-05-21Bibliographically approved
    2. Intra- and inter-generational perspectives on youth participation in Sweden: a study with young people as research partners
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Intra- and inter-generational perspectives on youth participation in Sweden: a study with young people as research partners
    2015 (English)In: Children & society, ISSN 0951-0605, E-ISSN 1099-0860, Vol. 29, no 2, p. 134-145Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, intra- and inter-generational perspectives on youth participation are combined and compared. Young people were invited to participate as research partners in an interactive research circle and conducted a survey about participation with other young people as respondents. The discussion concerns how an interactive methodology contributes to the understanding of the concept of participation. It is suggested that political definitions of participation be amended to include having a sense of being recognised in a communicative context, taking responsibility and share with other people one's experiences. This is based on the perspectives of young people.

    Keywords
    Children's rights; Generation; Interactive research; Participation; School
    National Category
    Social Anthropology
    Research subject
    Sociology
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-37213 (URN)10.1111/chso.12027 (DOI)000348844900005 ()2-s2.0-84921542409 (Scopus ID)
    Available from: 2014-09-29 Created: 2014-09-29 Last updated: 2018-06-26Bibliographically approved
    3. A model of participation in school-life
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>A model of participation in school-life
    2014 (English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Participation in decision making is often considered to be a fundamental right of children and young people. In this chapter, a model is presented of young people’s perspectives o nparticipation in school life. This model is based on a Swedish survey study where 100 girls and boys (15–19 years) answered a questionnaire about their perceptions and experiences of participation in school. The survey was conducted by eight adolescent girls who collaborated as research partners with two adult researchers in a research circle. In this interactive research, young people’s perspectives were explored. The young research partners defined the purpose, research questions and participants of the survey study. They also performed their own intra-generational analyses of the empirical data collected in the study. In their intra-generational analyses, the research partners identified dimensions and aspects of participation in school that were described as important by the girls and boys who participated in the survey. Based on the results from the research partners’ analyses,this chapter calls for a wider understanding of participation and greater awareness among adults and young people in schools of how to use communication inclusively, approach young people as individuals, and treat them with respect.

    National Category
    Social Work
    Research subject
    Social Work
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-37227 (URN)
    Available from: 2014-09-29 Created: 2014-09-29 Last updated: 2017-10-18Bibliographically approved
    4. Participation and exposure to bullying and threats in school: young people with multiple disabilities at great risk
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Participation and exposure to bullying and threats in school: young people with multiple disabilities at great risk
    (English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Young people’s participation in school is explored using young people’s perspectives. The study is based on a survey in which 7930 Swedish students (13–19 years) responded. Data is interpreted with bivariate analysis and multiple correspondence analysis. The results show that students with one disability experience more bullying and threats than students without disabilities. Further, students with multiple disabilities face greater risks of low participation and exposure to bullying and threats than students with one or no disability. More support in school is needed for students with disabilities in general and for students with multiple disabilities in particular. 

    National Category
    Social Work
    Research subject
    Social Work
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-37228 (URN)
    Available from: 2014-09-29 Created: 2014-09-29 Last updated: 2017-10-17Bibliographically approved
  • 2009.
    Åkerström, Jeanette
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Aytar, Osman
    Division of Social Work, Mälardalen University, Eskilstuna, Sweden.
    Brunnberg, Elinor
    Division of Social Work, Mälardalen University, Eskilstuna, Sweden.
    Participation and exposure to bullying and threats in school: young people with multiple disabilities at great riskManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Young people’s participation in school is explored using young people’s perspectives. The study is based on a survey in which 7930 Swedish students (13–19 years) responded. Data is interpreted with bivariate analysis and multiple correspondence analysis. The results show that students with one disability experience more bullying and threats than students without disabilities. Further, students with multiple disabilities face greater risks of low participation and exposure to bullying and threats than students with one or no disability. More support in school is needed for students with disabilities in general and for students with multiple disabilities in particular. 

  • 2010.
    Ålund, Jenny
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Augustsson, Angelica
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Trappanmodellen: En studie om professionellas tillämpning utifrån organisatoriska förutsättningar2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The present study is based on a model called “Trappan”, an intervention model aimed at children exposed to domestic violence. In the practical work with this model, the child meets a professional social worker and together they create a narrative story of the violent event, and the purpose is to tell the story with a beginning, middle and an end. This model is relatively unexplored and there are indications of that this model is practised different in various organizations. Therefore this study aims to investigate how the model is practised. The aim of this study is to deepen the understanding of how professionals practice- from their description- Trappan and how it can be related to organizational conditions. In this study a qualitative approach was used, and an interview method and a vignette method were applied. The vignette method was used because we wanted a context in the conversations. The interviews were set with professionals who all practise Trappan in their work. Because this study takes interest in organizational conditions and how they can be used to understand how professional social workers practice this model, the place where they worked was of interest. Therefore seven respondents were chosen for this study and they all worked in public or non profit organizations. The result that emerges in this study presents the professional workers’ descriptions of their practice. This is then related to the study’s theories. The result implies that the organization the professional worked in affected their practise of the model. Differences can also be seen when it comes to the professionals in the different organizations: public and non profit. That could be related to this study’s theories. Finally the study indicates further research in this area, because of the lack of research.

  • 2011.
    Åsberg, Britt-Marie
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Carlsson, Marika
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    "...för det är ju en diagnos, inte vem du är som människa...": En studie hur omgivningens bemötande påverkar agerandet i det sociala samspelet hos personer med ADHD2012Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, ADHD is one of the most common neuropsychiatric impairments among Swedish children and is more common among boys than girls. Knowledge of ADHD in adults is not as extensive, however, more than half of the children who are diagnosed are experience parts of the symptoms after the age of 20 years. The study aims to examine how people with ADHD are affected by their environments perception of the diagnosis. The selected method for the study is qualitative approach and semistructured interviews. The results are based on interviews with six individuals diagnosed with ADHD. The results were analyzed using an interpretive framework consisting the concepts of Interaction, Stigma, Identity and Role taking. The results show that the respondents experience that there is a significant lack of knowledge of ADHD, in the environment which means that it creates a stigma associated with ADHD. Stigma reflects respondent’s identity. In interaction with the environment the respondents make a conscious and forced role taking to be accepted, which is a result of the environments demands of meeting standards.

  • 2012.
    Åslund, Katarina
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Fritidsgårdar - risk eller skydd: Enkätstudie gällande fritidsgårdsbesökares och icke besökares tobaks-, alkohol- och drogvanor2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Previous studies have shown that adolescents, who participate in youth recreation centres (YRC), run an increased risk of developing antisocial behaviour manifested in using tobacco, alcohol and drugs. The aim of this study was to examine whether YRCs, run by the municipality of Sandviken, constitutes a risk or constitutes protection when it comes to use of tobacco, alcohol and drugs among adolescents; and to investigate gender differences regarding use of these substances, if there’s a difference between adolescents who use, and don’t use, tobacco when it comes to alcohol consumption and to investigate parental influence on adolescents’ tobacco, alcohol and drug habits. A questionnaire was carried out among 163 adolescents in grade 8. The survey showed that adolescents who attend YRCs use snuff to a greater extent than non-attenders. Other than that, there was no empirical basis for the suggestion that attenders smoke cigarettes, use alcohol or drugs to greater extent than non-attenders. The results showed no gender differences in smoking, alcohol and drug use. The results indicated however that adolescents, who use tobacco, use alcohol to a greater extent compared with those who neither use snuff nor smoke cigarettes. The survey also showed that parental tobacco habits may have an influence on adolescents’ tobacco and drug habits. There are several factors to consider when it comes to use of cigarettes, alcohol and drugs among adolescents. However, use of these substances has nothing to do with adolescents attending YRCs run by the municipality of Sandviken. Thus, the YRCs in this survey can not be considered as a risk.

  • 2013.
    Åslund, Pernilla
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Johansson, Therese
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Självmordsproblematik inom gymnasieskolan: Sex lärares erfarenheter och upplevelser2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay is to describe teachers´experiences and feelings about suicidal behaviour among their students at school. Our study is based on four questions, touching upon the teachers´reactions to comitted suicides among their students and how they dealt with these reactions, the teachers´experiences of meeting the schoolmates of deceased, the teachers´ role in suicidal problem area and the cooperation of the teachers with other professional actors at school concerning suicidal behaviour among their students. The chapter about previous research gives an overview of the following subjects: the profession of teaching, the concept of suicide, suicide viewd from a historical perspective, from an international perspective, and methods of dealing with crisis-like events in school. A method based om qualitative interviews has been used in this study. Six teachers, working at the level of upper secondary school, and with experiences of suicides comitted among their students, have been interviewed. In analyzing the interviews we have used concepts from a crisis theory, system theory, theory of empathy, and thoughts about the teachers´ role when meeting students in griefe, as our analytical tools. The result indicate that personality and experience affect the teachers´acting and teir opinions about how a teacher should act in case of suicideal events among their students. A suicide among the students leads to individual grief for the teacher. The strength of the experiences and feelings of grief held by the teachers depend on how they define the relationship between teacher and student. When a student commits suicide, his/her schoolmates have a tendancy ta act and react with some hysteria. At the same time they tend to glorify, in some way or another, the dead student and the suicide. The schoolmates also react with grief and with speculations about the suicide. The importance of colleagues and of school counsellours when a suicide has occurred among the students at school, is emphasized by the teachers.

  • 2014.
    Åström, Therese
    et al.
    Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Centre for Psychiatry Research and Education, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Gumpert, Clara
    Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Centre for Psychiatry Research and Education, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Andershed, Anna-Karin
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Forster, Martin
    Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Division of Psychology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    The SAVRY Improves Prediction of Reoffending: A Naturalistic Longitudinal Comparative Study2017In: Research on social work practice, ISSN 1049-7315, E-ISSN 1552-7581, Vol. 27, no 6, p. 683-694Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: This study investigated the utility of the risk assessment “Structured Assessment of Violence Risk in Youth” (SAVRY) within the social services in Stockholm County, Sweden.

    Method: SAVRY assessments of 56 adolescents were compared to assessments guided by another instrument (Adolescent Drug Abuse Diagnosis [ADAD]; n = 38) and assessments without support of a structured method (n = 38).

    Results: The results showed that social workers conducting SAVRY assessments documented a significantly larger number of risk and protective factors compared to the other assessments, and these factors predicted, with a few exceptions, reoffending to a larger extent. SAVRY summary risk rating significantly predicted the occurrence of serious violent crimes (area under the curve [AUC] = .80, p < .01) and less serious violence (AUC = .70, p < .05).

    Conclusions: SAVRY performed at least as well in naturalistic settings as in previous studies conducted in more controlled environments. Furthermore, the SAVRY performed better than the other structured instrument (ADAD).

  • 2015.
    Åström, Therese
    et al.
    Karolinska institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Jergeby, Ulla
    Sweden´s National board of health and welfare, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Andershed, Anna-Karin
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Tengström, Anders
    Karolinska institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Social workers' assessments of needs and interventions for adolescents with substance misuse problems, criminal behaviour and mental health difficulties: a vignette study2013In: European Journal of Social Work, ISSN 1369-1457, E-ISSN 1468-2664, Vol. 16, no 5, p. 635-650Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the current vignette study was to examine how social workers assess adolescents with substance misuse problems, criminal behaviour and mental health difficulties, and how they make decisions about treatment interventions to reduce these problems. Earlier research has shown lack of knowledge concerning factors and processes that govern assessments and decisions in social work practice. In this anonymously administered survey, social workers in Stockholm, Sweden, were invited to assess fictitious youth issues. We found that social workers recognise the problems and needs of young people, but that they find it harder to link needs to evidence-based interventions. Also, there is a tendency to overrate alleged non-serious problems in the vignettes. We conclude that there is a need for increased knowledge about evidence-based methods and more structured procedures to broaden the basis for decisions.

  • 2016.
    Öberg, Maria
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work. Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Östberg, Ylva
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    LSSLag eller värdegrun?: Vad styr i praktiken?2010Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    LAW OR VALUES? WHAT RUNS IN PRACTICE? Öberg, MariaÖstberg, YlvaÖrebro UniversityDepartment for Behavioral, Social and Legal SciencesSocial Work programSocial work, 61-90 pointsC-essay, 15 pointsAutumn term 2009

     

    Abstract

    The study aims to highlight the problems that are related to enforcement of the law for criminal code (BrB, 1962:700) and law of publicity and confidentiality ( OSL, 2009:400) when patient in the 9:9 § in law of support and service for some functional disability peoples (LSS, 1993:387) commit crimes. We also want to investigate managers' implementation of the said law on the basis of fictitious cases. Furthermore, the study aims to examine how the basic ethical principles of LSS affects of Unit Decision on measures concerning situations where patient have committed crimes. We also want to investigate if there is a problem with users, within LSS, committing crimes.

    We have used a qualitative approach in which four semi-structured interviews conducted with managers in the business field. The interviews were based in part from two fictional cases. We wanted to give it all respondents the same starting point. We have transcribed our material for themed and interpret it.

    The study shows that there is a problem in law enforcement. All respondents knew in theory how the legislation looked like, but none of the respondents knew what the law was applied. The results also show that there is a difference of opinion on the value basis depending on how close to the patient the respondent works. Respondents who worked closest to the patient want to protect patient from all trouble, this sometimes can affect patient' ability to experience the values that exist in the LSS. Respondents who did not work close to patient, perceived the patient´s as any other citizens.

    Keywords: patient, functional disability, ethnical values, crime, manager.

     

  • 2017.
    Öberg, Nicklas
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Att genomföra en plan: En studie om kommunalt hemlösarbete2011Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 2018.
    Ödman, Ann-Sofie
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work. Örebro University.
    Blomberg, Kristina
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work. Örebro University.
    Begreppsanvändning inom missbruksvården: Granskning av tre centrala begrepp2009Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study aims to examine possible differences in the use of three central concepts (substance abuse, heavy substance abuse and open care) within the substance abuse care. The issues addressed are (I) how is the three central concepts used in texts about substance abuse care? (II) if differences exists in the use of the three central concepts, which similarities and differences can be found? (III) how can the use of the three central concepts be understood from the basis of social constructionism? The study is a literature review and the results have been analyzed on the basis of social constructionism. The result indicates that differences in the concept handling occur. Differences in definitions of substance abuse is seen through that certain definitions treat consumption patterns while others definitions mean that it should be seen as deviance. Similarities can be seen as the majority of definitions around substance abuse concern consequences of the use. The use of the concept “heavy substance abuse” concerns mainly demarcations between drug abuse and heavy drug abuse. The concept handling of open care is coherent in the case of its extraneous framework however differences are found when it comes to how extensive the concept should be.

  • 2019.
    Ökvist, Sandra
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Arbetslivsinriktad rehabilitering: - En kvalitativ studie ur den försäkrades perspektiv2010Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 2020.
    Öman, Annika
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Forsberg, Sara
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Posttraumatisk stresstörning hos barn som upplevt våld i familjen: Betydelsen av våldets karaktär och psykosocial hälsa samt tillfrisknandeprocessen2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A large number of children experience domestic violence and this experience can lead to the development of Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The purpose of this study is to create a deeper knowledge regarding children who have experienced domestic violence and are showing signs of PTSD. The research questions of this study are (1) to what

    extent does the type of violence matter for the development of PTSD in children? (2) to what extent does the child’s psychosocial health matter for the development of PTSD?

    (3) how can the recovery process in children who show signs of PTSD be understood? The approach of the study is both quantitative and qualitative and the design is pre-post.

    The study includes 14 children who all have experienced domestic violence and who have answered Children´s revised impact of event scale (CRIES) at Trappan-enheten in

    Uppsala during 2007. The result shows that many children show signs of PTSD after the experience of domestic violence. The type of violence and the duration of violence are essential factors for the development of PTSD. The results also show that good psychosocial health does not prevent the development of PTSD. At the second measuring

    fewer children show signs of PTSD.

  • 2021.
    Östansjö, Marie
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Adoptivbarn: Skyddsfaktorer som främjar adoptivbarns anpassning och utveckling2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka vilka skyddsfaktorer som främjade adoptivbarns anpassning och utveckling. Frågeställningarna utgick från barnets, adoptivföräldrarnas och omgivningen/samhällets perspektiv. De teoretiska utgångspunkterna utgjordes av ekologisk utvecklingsteori, KASAM – det salutogena perspektivet, anknytningsteori, Erik H Eriksons utvecklingsstadier samt forskning om skyddsfaktorer för barn i allmänhet. Som metod valdes litteraturstudie där fem artiklar valdes ut för att besvara frågeställningarna. Data bearbetades och presenterades i olika kategorier. Resultatet från den aktuella forskningen visade att skyddande faktorer hos barnet var kategorierna ålder, kön, självkänsla, anpassningsförmåga, temperament och psykisk hälsa. Hos adoptivföräldrarna framträdde lyhördhet för barnets signaler, god ekonomisk standard samt stabil föräldra- och familjesituation. Skyddande faktorer som främjade adoptivbarnets anpassning och utveckling i omgivningen/samhället visade sig vara kategorierna god utbildningsnivå och hälsovård samt adoptivbarnets placering vid låg ålder. Då adoption kan ses som en skyddsfaktor i sig var den viktigaste slutsatsen att en låg ålder på adoptivbarnet vid placering i adoptivfamiljen ledde till en god anpassning och utveckling, men mer forskning om skyddsfaktorer avseende adoptivbarn behövs.

  • 2022.
    Österberg, Inger
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Humaloja, Mari
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Persson, Cecilia
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Svenska kriminalvårdare: -en kvalitativ studie av kriminalvårdares beskrivning av yrkeskulturen2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this qualitative study, with a descriptive character, is to describe the Swedish correctional officers´ staff culture from an interactional perspective based on emotions, strategies, and norms, and to enlighten differences in gender. The result will be achieved from interviews with ten correctional officers from various departments at different correctional institutes for men. The introduction of the article points out societys´ perspective and lack of interest in the correctional officers´ working role and which impact this has on the staff culture, and thereby on the Correctional Prison and Probation Service as a whole. The theoretical orientation consist theories about social representation, symbolic interactionism, and a dramaturgical view of roles, combined with international and national research. National research of the topic mainly focuses on the life of the interns. Academically, there is a general lack of interest in how the correctional officers perceive and are affected by their environment at work. This article describes a staff culture where the old tradition, which is totally control oriented, still partly remains. Due to deficient instructions at work, in a top controlled bureaucratic organization, different types of cultures have formed among correctional officers. The old staff members feel a great responsibility for the safety of the organization and sometimes look upon younger staff members, who in general are more treatment oriented, with mistrust. Social support, within the organization, can the correctional officer only get from his/her own work group. The need of a positive work group climate, affects how the staff members deals with both their own feelings, as well as those of colleagues and interns. Lack of knowledge and proper education makes each correctional officer to develop his/her own strategy for handling emotions. Male correctional officers are generally more interested in working with security issues, while female correctional officers mainly prefer working with social and investigational issues. New employees experience incomparable messages from the organization and the work group, which leads to them assimilating to the existing norm. The fact that the organization is deficient in communication does not encourage a development towards the proclaimed vision.

  • 2023.
    Östrand, Ingalena
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Varför 12-steg?2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien var att undersöka vilka faktorer som påverkar och vilka överväganden som föregår val av 12-stegsmodellen som behandlingsmetod. Undersökningens frågeställningar bygger på intentionerna i Socialtjänstlagens 5 kap 9 § som beskriver socialnämndens ansvar för att missbrukare far erforderlig hjälp och vård. Tillvägagångssättet, att genom en kvalitativ aktstudie med kvantitativa inslag inhämta svar på frågeställningarna, har gett flera intressanta resultat. Valet av aktuell behandling för de 38 personer som ingick i aktstudien har enligt vad som framgår i aktuella journaler skett utan någon föregående analys av individuella faktorer eller andra överväganden. Aktstudien tyder på att behandlingen planerats i samförstånd med klienten men att inga behandlingsalternativ diskuterats. Det syns som att socialnämnden endast uppfattar sin roll som upphandlaren i ett köp- och säljsystem men inte tar ansvar för att definiera och undersöka varan man köper, i detta fall en behandling enligt 12-stegsmodell som utlovar tillfriskande från sjukdom om missbrukaren följer de 12-stegen. Som det ser ut så betalar aktuell socialförvaltning regelmässigt för 14-månaders behandling trots att närmare 50% av dem som börjar i behandlingen avbryter i förtid. Slutsatser som drogs är att aktstudien tyder på allvarliga brister vad gäller klientens rätt till inflytande, information och medverkan under behandlingsplanering, verkställande och uppföljning av insatsen.

  • 2024.
    Thunberg, Sara (Author of introduction, etc.)
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Uhnoo, Daniel (Author of introduction, etc.)
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Bruhn, Anders (Author of introduction, etc.)
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Nationell forskningskonferens i socialt arbete: Abstractsammanställning2018Report (Other academic)
38394041 2001 - 2024 of 2024
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