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  • 2001.
    Wallroth, Veronika
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Stöd till äldres anhöriga som relationsarbete2018Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 2002.
    Wallroth, Veronika
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Vuxna söners informella omsorg till äldre föräldrar2011In: Abstract: SGS interdisciplinära forum 13 oktober 2011, 2011Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna presentation kommer att handla om ett pågående avhandlingsprojekt som syftar till att bidra med kunskap om informell omsorg genom vuxna söners upplevelser av att ge informell omsorg till äldre föräldrar. Vidare syftar också avhandlingen till att bidra med kunskap till manskulinitetsforskningen genom att fokusera på informell omsorg utfört av män. För även om könsroller har studerats i omsorgsfrågor sedan 1980-talet är det ganska nyligen som män inkluderas vid studier om informell omsorg. Det mesta av forskningen om män som informella omsorgsgivare är utförd i USA. Forskningen fokuserar oftast på äkta make, vilka också utför det mesta av den informella omsorgen jämfört med andra män som t.ex. söner. Dock kan studier om söner som ger informell omsorg vara en viktig utgångspunkt när det gäller att undersöka omsorg och maskuliniteter. Genom att kunskapen om mäns, och då främst söners, informella omsorgsansvar internationellt och i Sverige är låg saknas kunskap om vad som får söner att ta ett omsorgsansvar. Det saknas också kunskap om det stöd som tillhandahålls av välfärdsin-stitutioner och organisationer i civilsamhället – vilka har utformats för kvinnliga anhöriga – faktiskt lämpar sig för män och då främst söner som ger informell omsorg till äldre närstående. Denna presentation kommer därför att handla om att belysa ett negligerat forskningsområde med stor potential att bidra med ny kunskap till den socialgerontologiska forskningen om informell omsorg och till maskulinititetsforskning i och med att informell omsorg är ett relativt outforskat perspektiv inom detta område.

  • 2003.
    Wallroth, Veronika
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    What Motivates Men to Provide Care for Elderly Parents and In-Laws?2015Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 2004.
    Wallskog, Frida
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Andersson, Susanna
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Johansson, Annelie
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Grundläggande behandlingsprinciper inom miljöterapeutiska institutioner: En studie om organisation och behandlingsinnehåll utifrån ett personal- och ungdomsperspektiv2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    At the end of the 20th century the Swedish government declared that social achievements in social work shall be accomplished in an evidential practice. In Milieu Therapy (MT) and Therapeutic Communities (TC) the whole organisation is considered to be the alteration component. The purpose of the Study is to examine to which extent milieu therapeutic institutions work within the milieu therapeutic treatment principles, within the following questions: (a) which essential milieu therapy principles of treatment leads milieu therapeutic institutions, (b) how is milieu therapeutic institutions organised according to obstacles and possibilities, (c) how the clients apprehend milieu therapy treatment and (d) do staff and clients agree about milieu therapeutic treatment? The Study includes a qualitative as well as a quantitative approach. The data were collected from an international questionnaire (SEEQ) and from interviews with staff and juveniles. Research shows that there are more similarities than differences between the essential milieu therapy principles of treatment and the examined institution but there are some aspects that could be approved. In the study juveniles apprehend of the milieu therapeutic treatment is represented and overall staff and juveniles correlate in view of the treatment. Central aspects of the discussion are integrity of treatment, principle of response, negative peer culture and the juvenile involvement in the treatment.

  • 2005.
    Wamara, Charles Kiiza
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Carvalho, Maria Irene
    Universidade de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal.
    Discrimination and injustice against older people in Uganda: Implications for social work practice2019In: International Social Work, ISSN 0020-8728, E-ISSN 1461-7234, article id UNSP 0020872819858740Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article highlights how older people in Uganda experience discrimination and injustice. It discusses the legal framework for their protection, while acknowledging that not all professionals are aware of or have access to the legal mechanisms meant to safeguard older people's interests. It also discusses the role social work can play in protecting older people's rights. It further recommends that social workers work to increase solidarity between generations and bring about social justice and respect for diversity. It concludes by highlighting the need to bring anti-discriminatory social work into mainstream social work education and the professional regulation of social work.

  • 2006.
    Webb, Louisa
    et al.
    Luoghborough University, Luoghborough, UK.
    Quennerstedt, Mikael
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences.
    Risky bodies: health surveillance and teachers' embodiment of health2010In: QSE. International journal of qualitative studies in education, ISSN 0951-8398, E-ISSN 1366-5898, Vol. 23, no 7, p. 785-802Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 2007.
    Weber, Gunilla
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Making Differences Matter!2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 2008.
    Welander, Ann-Sofie
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Bättre ut: En kvalitativ studie ur klientperspektiv om frigivning.2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to from a client point of view study the release process. The first issue is which positive and negative aspects on the release situations that are revealed trough the interviews. The second issue is which changes that are needed to improve the conditions for the release work to be crime preventive. The study has been performed by means of qualitative interviews with clients, and one person with a long professional experience of treatment of offenders. The results show that the release work has generally not been successful. This is, according to the clients, due to a lack of cooperation between the client and the authorities. The clients also mean that their own motivation is the base for change, but that they may need help to mobilize the motivation. The next step is to se to that the soberness and the motivation obtained during the time in prison is not destroyed shortly after release. This is a significant risk that has been described both in previous research and by the interviewees. It is a paradox to from one day as institutionalised to the next day as released be expected to take responsibility for all aspects of life. The release process is not finished when the prisoner leaves the prison. The subsequent release work needs to be improved. A possibility that came up during the interviews is to set up a post-release system in the form of apartments owned by the local authorities. Crime is a symptom of both social system problems and personal problems. However, both the previous research and the result of this study show a tendency that the client’s will to change often meets hinders caused by the social systems. It is on the social system level that improvements in the first place are needed.

  • 2009.
    Wennberg, Matilda
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Omsorgsgivares uppfattningar om omsorgstagare som tidigare begått brott: - En attitydundersökning2011Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 2010.
    Wennerholm, Caroline
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Forss, Sarah
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Treatment essentials in institutional care: A Swedish view on incarcerated delinquents in Sri Lanka2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Youths´ norm breaking behavior is a global phenomenon, and there are different strategies of opinions on how to rehabilitate youths with norm-breaking behavior placed in residential care depending on countries and residential treatment centers (RTCs). There is almost a unanimous agreement within western oriented research that treatment essentials, such as positive interactions between staff and residents, are valuable for positive treatment outcomes. The aim of the present study is to investigate institutional treatment and treatment essentials in a RTC in Sri Lanka. The empiric findings have been compared to relevant research results in general, and with control theory and Levin’s theory on people-changing organizations in particular. The study has a qualitative approach and is based on interviews with staff members at the RTC along with observations and statistics. The result of the study is that structure, understandable rules, a busy schedule and a high level of family involvement are treatment essentials under optimal conditions. In the discussion, the authors discuss how to perform treatment under optimal conditions.

  • 2011.
    Westerdahl, Maria
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Styvföräldraskapet: – Ett föräldraskap bland flera2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to perform a description of how parents experience their life in a stepfamily and to examine how the parents experience the involvement from their new partner in the children’s upbringing. The issues are: (i) which expectations do the parent has on their new partner in the role as stepparent to the child, (ii) how active does the parent experience their new partners’ step parenting concerning the stepchild and (iii) how does the parent expect the new family to take shape? A qualitative study has been done through interviews. The participants were sex biological parents, of which four were fathers and two mothers. The theoretical approach and design of this study is science of stepfamilies and of the role of stepparent. This study shows that the expectations the parents have on the stepparents’ involvement in the parenting and how actively the new partner is in the role as stepparent to the children is contradictive. The experience is that the stepparents should act as parents, but not in all matters. The parents thought that the stepparents were inactive in their parenting because they do not do activities alone with the stepchildren and active because of their concerns in the everyday care. The conclusion is that a great deal of insecurity lies in the expectations of how to act as a stepparent and although the purpose with the stepfamily is to imitate the nuclear family this is not possible in reality.

  • 2012.
    Westin Hellertz, Pia
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Kvinnors kunskapssyn och lärandestrategier?: En studie av tjugosju kvinnliga socionomstuderande1999Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie undersöker inledningsvis socionomutbildningen ur ett historiskt könsperspektiv; en yrkesförberedande utbildning som genom inträdet i universitetets organisation och strukturer och genom utvecklingen av det akademiska ämnet 'socialt arbete' successivt akademiserats på de traditionella villkor som format akademin genom århundraden, villkor som utvecklats av män för mäns bildning, samtidigt som de socionomstuderande kvinnorna utgör 82% av undervisningsgrupperna. Forskningen i socialt arbete har maskuliniserats genom att professorer och forskare i huvudsak är män. Huvudsyftet med studien är att undersöka hur denna majoritet av kvinnor, vars främsta syfte är att bli verksamma socialarbetare, ser på kunskap, på sig själva som lärande och hur de lär, d.v.s. vilka lärandestrategier de använder sig av inom ramen för dessa akademiska strukturer. Nästan hälften av de intervjuade kvinnorna kommer från arbetarklassbakgrund och den andra hälften från medelklassmiljöer. En mycket stor andel av kvinnorna ur medelklassmiljö har en psykosocialt svår uppväxtmiljö miljö bakom sig, med missbruk inom familjen, våld och sexuella övergrepp. En modell över kvinnornas lärandeprofiler, vilken bygger på kunskapsdimensionerna kunskapens källa, kunskapsinriktning, kunskapsorientering och kunskapsväg, visar att de intervjuade kvinnorna har mycket olika förhållningssätt till kunskap och till lärande. De flesta är dock i huvudsak "relationsorienterade praktiker" eller "relationsorienterade teoretiker". Ålder och tidigare erfarenheter har en viss betydelse i sammanhanget. Endast en liten andel är "distansorienterade teoretiker". Avslutningsvis föreslås att socionomutbildningen får en medvetet frigörande och transcenderande funktion avseende traditionella könskonstruktioner. Forskning omkring och praktiska erfarenheter av bl.a. feministisk pedagogik kan utgöra inspirationskällor för denna medvetandegörande och transcenderande didaktik.

  • 2013.
    Wiberg, Caroline
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Sjöblom, Emelie
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Att bemöta, lyssna till och delaktiggöra ungdomar på HVB-hem: En  kvalitativ studie ur personalens perspektiv2012Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    When young people are placed in residential care, the staff have a responsibility to ensure that the youth have a safe environment where they can thrive and develop. Residential staff also have responsibilities to ensure the rights of youth during the residential care. This study aims to examine how staff consider themselves to treat the youth in residential care. Furthermore the study aims to examine how the staff consider themselves to ensure youth their right to be heard and have an impact on their own lives, in agreement with Article 12 of the UN convention on the rights of the child (CRC). A qualitative method has been used in order to answer the study's purpose and issues. Five interviews were conducted with residential staff, four of which were environmental therapists and one who was a manager. The results show that the staff consider themselves to respond well to the youth, however, a good treatment is difficult to define and therefore hard to achieve. Furthermore, it appears that the knowledge about children’s rights varies among the staff, which can have negative effects on how they manage to reassure youth their rights to be heard and have an impact on their own lives, in agreement with Article 12 of the CRC.

  • 2014.
    Widén, Stephen
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences.
    Bohlin, Margareta
    Department of Psychology and Organizational Studies, Institution of Social and Behavioural Studies, University West, Trollhättan, Sweden.
    Johansson, Ingemar
    Department of Psychology and Organizational Studies, Institution of Social and Behavioural Studies, University West, Trollhättan, Sweden.
    Gender perspectives in psychometrics related to leisure time noise exposure and use of hearing protection2011In: Noise & Health, ISSN 1463-1741, E-ISSN 1998-4030, Vol. 13, no 55, p. 407-414Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the present study was to investigate possible gender differences regarding psychometric scales measuring risk perception in noisy situations, attitudes towards loud music, perceived susceptibility to noise, and individual norms and ideals related to activities where loud music is played. In addition the purpose was to analyze whether these variables are associated with protective behavior such as the use of hearing protection. A questionnaire was administered to a Swedish sample including 543 adolescents aged 16 to 20. The result revealed significant gender differences for all the psychometric scales. In addition, all psychometric measures were associated with hearing protection use in musical settings. Contrary to previous studies, gender did not contribute to any explanation of protective behavior by itself in the analysis. One conclusion is that although gender does not contribute by itself for the explanation of protective behavior, gender may affect psychological variables such as risk perception, attitudes and perceived susceptibility and that these variables may in turn be valuable for decision-making and protective behavior in noisy situations. Although women tend to be more careful psychologically, they nevertheless tend to behave in the same way as men as regards actual noise-related risk taking.

  • 2015.
    Wik, Marie
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Smedberg, Lena
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Samordnad vårdplanering: en kvalitativ studie2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning

    Syftet med denna uppsats är att studera hur en samverkan mellan sjuksköterska och biståndshandläggare kan gå till vid en samordnad vårdplanering i sjukhusmiljö avseende patienter som av läkare har förklarats utskrivningsklara. Våra frågeställningar handlar om hur samverkan sker mellan sjuksköterskan och biståndshandläggaren i de samordnade vårdplaneringarna på sjukhuset. Dessutom granskade vi hur sjuksköterskan och biståndshandläggaren ser på sina egna yrkesroller respektive varandras. Metoden är en kvalitativ ansats och bygger på fyra observationer samt åtta uppföljande intervjuer med sjuksköterskan och biståndshandläggaren som deltog i den samordnade vårdplaneringen. I vårt empiriska resultat och analys visade det sig att många faktorer påverkar samverkan mellan sjuksköterskan och biståndshandläggare som t. ex. organisationernas ekonomi, stress samt tidsbrist. Vi fann liknande överensstämmelser med både svenska och utlänska studier. I vårdplaneringarna uppstår ett dynamiskt spel mellan de olika professionerna. Sjuksköterska och biståndshandläggare anser sig ha viktiga roller samtidigt som de bevakar över sina revir. Det medicinska perspektivet dominerar över det sociala omsorgsperspektivet. De båda professionerna utgår ifrån olika lagar och vetenskapliga discipliner. Utifrån det saknar sjuksköterskan och biståndshandläggaren respekt och kunskap om varandras yrkesroller.

  • 2016.
    Wiklund, Linda
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Kuratorns roll och psykosociala kompetens - inom den psykiatriska kontexten och den neuropsykiatriska utredningen2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 2017.
    Wiktorsson, Elin
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Berg, Karin
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Frigivning från anstalt - En studie om intagnas och personals uppfattning om att förberedas för mötet med samhället2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 2018.
    Winqvist, Therese
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Risberg, Kristin
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Uppmärksamma behov genom att uppmärksamma alla: en studie om förebyggande arbete på familjecentraler2012Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 2019.
    Wirbäck, Elin
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Örn, Josefin
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Flyktingungdomars identitetsutveckling2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 2020.
    Wissing, Elin
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Karlsson, Jonna
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Unga vuxnas väg till självförsörjning: En kvalitativ studie om unga vuxnas upplevelser av kontakten med socialtjänstens försörjningsstödsenhet i Motala2012Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study was to investigate young adults’ experiences of the contact with social services in Motala. Thereby the study reveals how the young adults have found other ways to sustentation. The study is based on a client’s perspective and semi-structured interviews were conducted with four young adults. The study reveals that the ended contact and their way to autarky can be understood from the respondents' experiences of powerlessness, negative and positive feelings, the social workers’ behavior against the respondents, the requirements they had to accomplish and others attitudes. The study also reveals that family and friends were important to the majority of the respondents' economic situation. Furthermore, it appears that the young adults' motivation to get a job or education contributed to autarky. Remarkable is that predominantly negative experiences associated with the contact with social services are provided, and that most young adults seem to experience that they didn’t get any help from the society which they are entitled to. Even though, all the respondents have found their way to autarky.

  • 2021.
    Yahyai, Fatemeh
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Flyktinggömmarna: En kvalitativ studie om motiven bakom deras agerande2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Upsatsens syfte var att undersöka de motiv som driver människor och kyrkliga organisationer att hjälpa och gömma flyktingar. Studien har en kvalitativ ansats och har sin fokus på fem intervjuer av så kallad "flyktinggömmare". Frågeställningar som behandlas är bland annat; varför dessa människor öppnar sitt hem för främmande människor, hur de kan tro på flyktingars berättelse och framför allt vad det är som ligger bakom deras agerande.

    Resultaten visade att informanterna hade ett enhetligt synsätt och drevs av likartade motiv. Etiskt var de framför allt pliktetiker och sinneslagsetiker. De såg mer till att handla rätt än till de yttersta konsekvenserna av sitt handlingssätt. Det låg i såväl deras tro som deras känsla att man måste hjälpa dem som lider nöd. De uppgav att såväl gömda flyktingar som gömmare var utsatta för hård pyskisk press, en press som för de gömda flyktingarnas del ofta översteg det acceptabla. Påfallande var hur mycket framväxande vänskap påverkade handlandet.

    "Flyktinggömmarna" förordar inte ny lagstiftning däremot en mera inkännande tillämpning av de lagar som reglerar invandringen. Genomgående klandrar de myndigheterna för schablonmässighet och felbedömningar. Det framgår att "flyktinggömmarna" står för ett tydligt alternativ i invandrarproblematiken.

  • 2022.
    Yilmaz, Maria
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences.
    Josephsson, Staffan
    Institutionen för arbetsterapi, neurotec, Karolinska Institutet.
    Danermark, Berth
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences.
    Ivarsson, Ann-Britt
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences.
    Participation by doing: Social interaction in everyday activities among persons with schizophrenia2008In: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014, Vol. 15, no 3, p. 162-172Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Schizophrenia inpacts on social functioning and participation in everyday life. However, there is limited research describing how persons with schizophrenia interact with others when performing daily activities. The aim of this study is to describe how persons with interact with others while performing everyday activities in different contexts in terms of facilitating and hindering factors. Repeated participant observation of four persons with schizophrenia were conducted in their environment. The observed activities and social interactions were chosen from the participant's daily routines. Fieldnotes were taken during the observations. Qualitative content analysis was used to analyse the data. Two themes constitute the main result: Facilitating social interaction in activity performance and Hindering social interaction in activity performance. These two themes serve as headings for sub-themes representing factors influencing social interaction in activity performance. Through a further analysis of the themes the following dichotomous context were identified as influential: meningful/not meaningful activity being performed; attitudes were trusting/lacking trust; and location, at home/outside the home. Conclusion: If the facilitating contextual factors are considered for each individual when planning and performing everyday activities together with others there is a possibility to improve social interaction skills and thereby participation.

  • 2023.
    Yström, Gabriella
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Direkt ur händerna: "Höringar" med döva och hörselskadade ungdomar om skolsituationen2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Earlier research concerning disabled children’s school attendance or needs often did focus from the parent’s or other adult’s point of view. Disabled youths and children has been seen through the eyes of the adults. Views and experiences of disabled youth and children has clearly been missing in inquiries and reports. Even though that Sweden has undertaken to live up to UN:s Convention about the Rights of Children and involve young people in the decision-making. Setting out from the UNCRC, article 12, about children’s rights to be heard and the recently proposed inquiry of the need of a special upper secondary school for students with disabilities, and the ability of the municipalities to organize education for students with certain disabilities, the purpose of this study was to shed light upon disabled youths and children’s experiences of their school situation. The method used in this study is qualitative, and with this new and creative technique called ”hearings” we tried to map out and engross the knowledge about the line of school for deaf and heaing impaired youth and their views on these different types of schools. Attempts were made to answer these questions from a child’s perspective; how do RGD/RGH-students find their present schoolsituation? What shapes have their experiences from earlier schools they attended? Was ”hearings” a useful technique to express the views of the young deaf and the hearing impareds? The target group in this study consisted of nine deaf and hearing impared youths attending the national upper secondary school for the deaf and hearing impared in Örebro. The purpose of this study was not to find out what would be the best kind of school for the deaf and hearing impared students. The litterature review in the study touched upon central concepts and definitions on disabilities, from the perspective of deaf and hearing impared. Status of the Swedish sign language, relationship between childperspective/ children’s perspective and international political treaties and document was the basis of this study. The results from the ”hearings” was presented accordingly to this techique in texts and pictures, as free from interpretations as possible. The study concluded that the experiences of these youths were in line with the literature review being used in this study. The study shows that their experiences are of the positive kind concerning housing-school-leisure in Örebro. The study also concluded that, in order to map out the experiences of disabled people from a children’s point of view according to the UNCRC, ”hearing” as a technique is suitable.

  • 2024.
    Zaunschirm, Amanda
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Lindh, Sofie
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    "Jag trodde han var mannen i mitt liv": En litteraturbaserad studie om mäns våld mot kvinnor2013Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 2025.
    Zeinab, Merhi
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Medling vid brott - En integrativ litteraturstudie av effekter och upplevelser av metoden2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 2026.
    Zetterberg, Camilla
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Äldres upplevelser av palliativ vård och omsorg: - en kunskapsöversikt2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Elderly patients experiences of palliative care – a rewire

    The purpose of this paper was to study elderly patient’s experience of palliative care with present knowledge as starting point. The questions were; what criteria do the elderly, dying person think is most important to fulfill in palliative care? and how satisfied is the elderly, dying person with the palliative care that are giving to him/her? The information were collected by a data based search trough science magazines and technical literature. Four relevant studies were found; Costello (2001), Heyland (2005), Wilson (1999) and Formiga (2004). Results in this studies show that the communication between patients, physicians and nurses need to improve. The elderly patients demands better, straighter and clearer information from the nurses and physicians, especially about their condition. The elderly demands more emotional and spiritual support from the health care and people with chronic diseases like COPD and CHF seems to bee less satisfied with palliative care then those with cancer. The reason for this can bee that, this group of patients is less likely to not being offered palliative care at all, much because it is harder for the physicians to set a proper medical prognosis.

    Keywords: palliative care, elderly, patient- satisfaction

  • 2027.
    Zetterström, Ingvar
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Sprutbytesprogram i Stockholm. En studie av narkotikamissbrukarens perspektiv2009Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 2028.
    Zovko, Davor
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Rapportering och kontroll i fokus: En studie av Arbetsförmedlingens utvärderingsverksamhet2017Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to explore evaluation in the Swedish Public Employment Service, with particular focus on how the use of evaluations looks like. The study consists of two studies. The first one is an analysis of the Employment Service’s all policy documents that describe or mention evaluation as well as an interview-study with all the management staff in one of the Employment Service’s local labor market units. The second study is a comparative study with analysis of the Employment Service’s entire evaluation production for the years 2010 and 2015. The results show that the Swedish Public Employment Service is a hierarchically controlled governmental organization with routines for effective communication of management's messages to all levels in the organization. Employment Service's evaluation is governed and implemented centrally and communicated from the top, down through the organization. Evaluations are mainly used as a routine for checking and reporting, as well as accounting to the government. Managers on a middle and local level find that much of the evaluation is about control, and that control is not adapted to needs of the everyday business on the local level. Evaluation activities are extensive. Evaluations seems to have become an end in itself, used in legitimizing purposes rather than as a tool for developing of the service to the clients. Half of the evaluations that the Employment Service carried out by their own, is regular evaluations. Almost all evaluations carried out by the European Social Fund Council in Sweden and “Samordningsförbund” (associations for coordination of social projects) are single occasion-evaluations. Legitimizing dominates the use of evaluation, both 2010 and 2015 in evaluating production. Evaluation for improving of the service to the clients is mentioned only in a small number of policy documents. Evaluations that includes the client’s perspective as well as proposals for change occurs to a limited extent in both 2010 and 2015. The Organization of the Employment Service's evaluation activities are heavily influenced by New Public Management's management philosophy.

    List of papers
    1. Användning av utvärderingar inom Arbetsförmedlingen
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Användning av utvärderingar inom Arbetsförmedlingen
    2016 (Swedish)In: Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, ISSN 1400-9692, Vol. 22, no 1, p. 6-26Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [sv]

    Arbetsförmedlingen använder utvärdering huvudsakligen för kontroll och återrapportering till regeringen och inte för verksamhetsutveckling avseende förbättring av stödet till de arbetssökande. Det visar en analys av policydokument och kvalitativa intervjuer med ledningspersonal inom ett lokalt arbetsmarknadsområde. Arbetsförmedlingens utvärderingar genomförs centralt och kommuniceras nedåt i organisationen. New public management-modellen i organisationen tycks vara överordnad Arbetsförmedlingens funktion som människobehandlande organisation.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Karlstad: Karlstads universitet, 2016
    National Category
    Social Work Public Administration Studies Work Sciences
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-57587 (URN)
    Available from: 2017-05-08 Created: 2017-05-08 Last updated: 2018-07-24Bibliographically approved
    2. Arbetsförmedlingens utvärderingsproduktion 2010 och 2015: En jämförande studie
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Arbetsförmedlingens utvärderingsproduktion 2010 och 2015: En jämförande studie
    (Swedish)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    National Category
    Social Work Public Administration Studies Work Sciences
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-57588 (URN)
    Available from: 2017-05-08 Created: 2017-05-08 Last updated: 2017-10-18Bibliographically approved
  • 2029.
    Zovko, Davor
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work. Mälardalens högskola, Västerås, Sverige.
    Ekermo, Mats
    Mälardalens högskola, Västerås, Sverige.
    Brunnberg, Elinor
    Mälardalens högskola, Västerås, Sverige.
    Användning av utvärderingar inom Arbetsförmedlingen2016In: Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, ISSN 1400-9692, Vol. 22, no 1, p. 6-26Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Arbetsförmedlingen använder utvärdering huvudsakligen för kontroll och återrapportering till regeringen och inte för verksamhetsutveckling avseende förbättring av stödet till de arbetssökande. Det visar en analys av policydokument och kvalitativa intervjuer med ledningspersonal inom ett lokalt arbetsmarknadsområde. Arbetsförmedlingens utvärderingar genomförs centralt och kommuniceras nedåt i organisationen. New public management-modellen i organisationen tycks vara överordnad Arbetsförmedlingens funktion som människobehandlande organisation.

  • 2030.
    Zovko, Davor
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work. Mälardalens högskola.
    Ekermo, Mats
    Mälardalens högskola.
    Brunnberg, Elinor
    Mälardalens högskola.
    Arbetsförmedlingens utvärderingsproduktion 2010 och 2015: En jämförande studieManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 2031.
    Ärlig, Linda
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Edvardsson, Bo
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Retorikfallet: förföljande strategier i ett LVU-ärende1996Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Critical examination of documents in a child protection case. A lot of persecutory strategies are found. A full translation of the report into english can be found inwww.nkmr.org

  • 2032.
    Åberg, Hanna
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Vad är en skälig levnadsnivå? En kvalitativ studie om handläggares och klienters perspektiv på begreppet.2011Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 2033.
    Åberg, Sara
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Jinnerot, Mattias
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    DEMOKRATI I RETORIK OCH PRAKTIK: En kvantitativ studie om elevers erfarenheter av demokratiarbetet i grundskolan2010Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study aims to examine 9th graders experience of democracy in schools. In the study there is a distinction between a functionalist-, deliberative- and participative theory of democracy. A number of different documents, regulating the democracy work in primary schools, is analyzed from the different democratic perspectives. A survey of 98 students in grade nine at four schools in Örebro Kommun, was conducted to examine students' experiences. Survey responses were compared with the curriculums, democratic theories and previous research on democracy in schools, to see first how the school meets requirements of the curriculums, and secondly were the emphasis of the work of democracy is done. Results show that the emphasis is within the functionalist theory of democracy, but also that students, more than the results of previous research, experience that the deliberative democracy is functioning. The result also shows that students wants to, but do not feel themselves able to, influence their situation in school.

  • 2034.
    Ågren, Natalie
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Joensuu, Louise
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Att möta våldsutsatta kvinnor: En kvalitativ studie av yrkesverksamma polisers och socialsekreterares uppfattning om kunskap och kompetens inom området mäns våld mot kvinnor2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Föreliggande studie presenterar hur undersökande och jämförande av vilken kunskap som polis och socialarbetare anser sig behöva för att kunna utföra ett effektivt och professionellt arbete med mäns våld mot kvinnor. För att kunna göra detta genomfördes sex semistrukturerade intervjuer med poliser och socialsekreterare som dagligen i någon utsträckning kommer i kontakt med eller arbetar med våldsutsatta kvinnor. De semistrukturerade intervjuerna utformades utifrån begreppen tyst kunskap, praktisk kunskap, teoretisk kunskap och kompetens. Resultatet visar att den tysta kunskapen beskrivs som en magkänsla som bedöms vara ytterst relevant i arbetet med våldsutsatta kvinnor. Vidare visar resultatet på att den praktiska kunskapen för socialtjänsten består i att kunna vägleda den våldsutsatta kvinnan medan poliserna lägger större vikt vid utredningsförmåga. Praktisk kunskap beskrivs också som erfarenhetsbaserad kunskap. Resultatet visar också på att teoretisk kunskap är starkt kopplad till utbildning samt kunskap om normaliseringsprocessen. Slutligen visar resultatet att kompetens är en form av lyhördhet och självuppfattning som en yrkesverksam bör ha genom att känna till sina egna begränsningar. Slutsatserna av studiens resultat vittnar om att vidare forskning på arbetsmetoder inom området behövs för att få en mer integrerad och gemensam kunskapsbas 

  • 2035.
    Åkerström, Jeanette
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work. Mälardalens högskola, Västerås, Sweden.
    A model of participation in school life2015In: Rights of children in the Nordic welfare states: conceptual and emprirical enquiries / [ed] Gro Hellesdatter Jacobsen, Copenhagen: NSU Press, 2015, p. 189-210Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 2036.
    Åkerström, Jeanette
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    A model of participation in school-life2014Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Participation in decision making is often considered to be a fundamental right of children and young people. In this chapter, a model is presented of young people’s perspectives o nparticipation in school life. This model is based on a Swedish survey study where 100 girls and boys (15–19 years) answered a questionnaire about their perceptions and experiences of participation in school. The survey was conducted by eight adolescent girls who collaborated as research partners with two adult researchers in a research circle. In this interactive research, young people’s perspectives were explored. The young research partners defined the purpose, research questions and participants of the survey study. They also performed their own intra-generational analyses of the empirical data collected in the study. In their intra-generational analyses, the research partners identified dimensions and aspects of participation in school that were described as important by the girls and boys who participated in the survey. Based on the results from the research partners’ analyses,this chapter calls for a wider understanding of participation and greater awareness among adults and young people in schools of how to use communication inclusively, approach young people as individuals, and treat them with respect.

  • 2037.
    Åkerström, Jeanette
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work. Mälardalens högskola, Västerås, Sweden.
    Children's rights in the modern human rights system2015In: Rights of children in the Nordic welfare states: conceptual and empirical enquiries / [ed] Gro Hellesdatter Jacobsen, Copenhagen: NSU Press, 2015, p. 37-50Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 2038.
    Åkerström, Jeanette
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work. Mälardalen University, Eskilstuna, Sweden.
    "Participation is everything": young people's voices on participation in school life2014Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis shows that participation is an important and comprehensive concept for young people. The aim of the thesis is to explore young people’s perspectives on and experiences of participation in school. Young people are in this research project understood as competent participants and as valuable contributors in research. Young people (aged 13–19 years) are involved as both research partners and research respondents. The design is explorative and mixed methods are used. Study 1 describes an interactive research circle with young people as research partners. Participation and asymmetric responsibility are identified as integral to research with young people. Study 2 describes a youth survey about young people’s participation that was conducted by the research partners in the research circle. This study shows that young people’s opportunities and abilities to communicate are crucial to their participation.  Supportive relations are an important aspect and the young people describe that they want adults to support them in taking responsibility themselves. Study 3 is based on the results of the youth survey and describes a model of young people’s perspectives on participation. Viewed from young people’s perspectives, participation is shown to include social, educational and decision-making dimensions. Communication is identified as a central participatory dimension. This study describes how participation in school is created in both horizontal and vertical relations. Study 4 is about participation and exposure to bullying and threats in school and is informed by the results of the youth survey. This study shows how students with disabilities and especially students with multiple disabilities are in a vulnerable situation. They face greater risks of being excluded from participatory dimensions in school or of being more exposed to degrading treatment if they do participate. Girls with multiple disabilities seem to be in an extra vulnerable situation. Overall, this research project shows that young people’s perspectives are an important complement to adults’ perspectives on participation in school.

    List of papers
    1. Young people as partners in research: experiences from an interactive research circle with adolescent girls
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Young people as partners in research: experiences from an interactive research circle with adolescent girls
    2013 (English)In: Qualitative Research, ISSN 1468-7941, E-ISSN 1741-3109, Vol. 13, no 5, p. 528-545Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents an interactive research methodology for young people's participation in research. A model of the research circle, based on the Scandinavian study-circle tradition with democratic ideals, was created and is described. The empirical example is from Sweden. Academic researchers invited young people to be research partners in a research circle. The asymmetrical relationship between the researchers and the young research partners made asymmetric responsibility and respect into central parts of the methodology. The interactive process in the research circle concerns research fundamentals: developing methodological knowledge, designing a study, how to formulate the research questions from the viewpoint of young people, how to analyze from a generational insider perspective, and how to handle institutionalized and asymmetric power relations in social knowledge formation.

    Keywords
    Action research, children, children's rights, interactive research, methodology, participation, Sweden, young people
    National Category
    Social Sciences
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-32399 (URN)10.1177/1468794112451035 (DOI)000324535000003 ()2-s2.0-84884367415 (Scopus ID)
    Available from: 2013-11-15 Created: 2013-11-15 Last updated: 2018-05-21Bibliographically approved
    2. Intra- and inter-generational perspectives on youth participation in Sweden: a study with young people as research partners
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Intra- and inter-generational perspectives on youth participation in Sweden: a study with young people as research partners
    2015 (English)In: Children & society, ISSN 0951-0605, E-ISSN 1099-0860, Vol. 29, no 2, p. 134-145Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, intra- and inter-generational perspectives on youth participation are combined and compared. Young people were invited to participate as research partners in an interactive research circle and conducted a survey about participation with other young people as respondents. The discussion concerns how an interactive methodology contributes to the understanding of the concept of participation. It is suggested that political definitions of participation be amended to include having a sense of being recognised in a communicative context, taking responsibility and share with other people one's experiences. This is based on the perspectives of young people.

    Keywords
    Children's rights; Generation; Interactive research; Participation; School
    National Category
    Social Anthropology
    Research subject
    Sociology
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-37213 (URN)10.1111/chso.12027 (DOI)000348844900005 ()2-s2.0-84921542409 (Scopus ID)
    Available from: 2014-09-29 Created: 2014-09-29 Last updated: 2018-06-26Bibliographically approved
    3. A model of participation in school-life
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>A model of participation in school-life
    2014 (English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Participation in decision making is often considered to be a fundamental right of children and young people. In this chapter, a model is presented of young people’s perspectives o nparticipation in school life. This model is based on a Swedish survey study where 100 girls and boys (15–19 years) answered a questionnaire about their perceptions and experiences of participation in school. The survey was conducted by eight adolescent girls who collaborated as research partners with two adult researchers in a research circle. In this interactive research, young people’s perspectives were explored. The young research partners defined the purpose, research questions and participants of the survey study. They also performed their own intra-generational analyses of the empirical data collected in the study. In their intra-generational analyses, the research partners identified dimensions and aspects of participation in school that were described as important by the girls and boys who participated in the survey. Based on the results from the research partners’ analyses,this chapter calls for a wider understanding of participation and greater awareness among adults and young people in schools of how to use communication inclusively, approach young people as individuals, and treat them with respect.

    National Category
    Social Work
    Research subject
    Social Work
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-37227 (URN)
    Available from: 2014-09-29 Created: 2014-09-29 Last updated: 2017-10-18Bibliographically approved
    4. Participation and exposure to bullying and threats in school: young people with multiple disabilities at great risk
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Participation and exposure to bullying and threats in school: young people with multiple disabilities at great risk
    (English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Young people’s participation in school is explored using young people’s perspectives. The study is based on a survey in which 7930 Swedish students (13–19 years) responded. Data is interpreted with bivariate analysis and multiple correspondence analysis. The results show that students with one disability experience more bullying and threats than students without disabilities. Further, students with multiple disabilities face greater risks of low participation and exposure to bullying and threats than students with one or no disability. More support in school is needed for students with disabilities in general and for students with multiple disabilities in particular. 

    National Category
    Social Work
    Research subject
    Social Work
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-37228 (URN)
    Available from: 2014-09-29 Created: 2014-09-29 Last updated: 2017-10-17Bibliographically approved
  • 2039.
    Åkerström, Jeanette
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Aytar, Osman
    Division of Social Work, Mälardalen University, Eskilstuna, Sweden.
    Brunnberg, Elinor
    Division of Social Work, Mälardalen University, Eskilstuna, Sweden.
    Participation and exposure to bullying and threats in school: young people with multiple disabilities at great riskManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Young people’s participation in school is explored using young people’s perspectives. The study is based on a survey in which 7930 Swedish students (13–19 years) responded. Data is interpreted with bivariate analysis and multiple correspondence analysis. The results show that students with one disability experience more bullying and threats than students without disabilities. Further, students with multiple disabilities face greater risks of low participation and exposure to bullying and threats than students with one or no disability. More support in school is needed for students with disabilities in general and for students with multiple disabilities in particular. 

  • 2040.
    Ålund, Jenny
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Augustsson, Angelica
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Trappanmodellen: En studie om professionellas tillämpning utifrån organisatoriska förutsättningar2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The present study is based on a model called “Trappan”, an intervention model aimed at children exposed to domestic violence. In the practical work with this model, the child meets a professional social worker and together they create a narrative story of the violent event, and the purpose is to tell the story with a beginning, middle and an end. This model is relatively unexplored and there are indications of that this model is practised different in various organizations. Therefore this study aims to investigate how the model is practised. The aim of this study is to deepen the understanding of how professionals practice- from their description- Trappan and how it can be related to organizational conditions. In this study a qualitative approach was used, and an interview method and a vignette method were applied. The vignette method was used because we wanted a context in the conversations. The interviews were set with professionals who all practise Trappan in their work. Because this study takes interest in organizational conditions and how they can be used to understand how professional social workers practice this model, the place where they worked was of interest. Therefore seven respondents were chosen for this study and they all worked in public or non profit organizations. The result that emerges in this study presents the professional workers’ descriptions of their practice. This is then related to the study’s theories. The result implies that the organization the professional worked in affected their practise of the model. Differences can also be seen when it comes to the professionals in the different organizations: public and non profit. That could be related to this study’s theories. Finally the study indicates further research in this area, because of the lack of research.

  • 2041.
    Åsberg, Britt-Marie
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Carlsson, Marika
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    "...för det är ju en diagnos, inte vem du är som människa...": En studie hur omgivningens bemötande påverkar agerandet i det sociala samspelet hos personer med ADHD2012Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, ADHD is one of the most common neuropsychiatric impairments among Swedish children and is more common among boys than girls. Knowledge of ADHD in adults is not as extensive, however, more than half of the children who are diagnosed are experience parts of the symptoms after the age of 20 years. The study aims to examine how people with ADHD are affected by their environments perception of the diagnosis. The selected method for the study is qualitative approach and semistructured interviews. The results are based on interviews with six individuals diagnosed with ADHD. The results were analyzed using an interpretive framework consisting the concepts of Interaction, Stigma, Identity and Role taking. The results show that the respondents experience that there is a significant lack of knowledge of ADHD, in the environment which means that it creates a stigma associated with ADHD. Stigma reflects respondent’s identity. In interaction with the environment the respondents make a conscious and forced role taking to be accepted, which is a result of the environments demands of meeting standards.

  • 2042.
    Åslund, Katarina
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Fritidsgårdar - risk eller skydd: Enkätstudie gällande fritidsgårdsbesökares och icke besökares tobaks-, alkohol- och drogvanor2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Previous studies have shown that adolescents, who participate in youth recreation centres (YRC), run an increased risk of developing antisocial behaviour manifested in using tobacco, alcohol and drugs. The aim of this study was to examine whether YRCs, run by the municipality of Sandviken, constitutes a risk or constitutes protection when it comes to use of tobacco, alcohol and drugs among adolescents; and to investigate gender differences regarding use of these substances, if there’s a difference between adolescents who use, and don’t use, tobacco when it comes to alcohol consumption and to investigate parental influence on adolescents’ tobacco, alcohol and drug habits. A questionnaire was carried out among 163 adolescents in grade 8. The survey showed that adolescents who attend YRCs use snuff to a greater extent than non-attenders. Other than that, there was no empirical basis for the suggestion that attenders smoke cigarettes, use alcohol or drugs to greater extent than non-attenders. The results showed no gender differences in smoking, alcohol and drug use. The results indicated however that adolescents, who use tobacco, use alcohol to a greater extent compared with those who neither use snuff nor smoke cigarettes. The survey also showed that parental tobacco habits may have an influence on adolescents’ tobacco and drug habits. There are several factors to consider when it comes to use of cigarettes, alcohol and drugs among adolescents. However, use of these substances has nothing to do with adolescents attending YRCs run by the municipality of Sandviken. Thus, the YRCs in this survey can not be considered as a risk.

  • 2043.
    Åslund, Pernilla
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Johansson, Therese
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Självmordsproblematik inom gymnasieskolan: Sex lärares erfarenheter och upplevelser2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay is to describe teachers´experiences and feelings about suicidal behaviour among their students at school. Our study is based on four questions, touching upon the teachers´reactions to comitted suicides among their students and how they dealt with these reactions, the teachers´experiences of meeting the schoolmates of deceased, the teachers´ role in suicidal problem area and the cooperation of the teachers with other professional actors at school concerning suicidal behaviour among their students. The chapter about previous research gives an overview of the following subjects: the profession of teaching, the concept of suicide, suicide viewd from a historical perspective, from an international perspective, and methods of dealing with crisis-like events in school. A method based om qualitative interviews has been used in this study. Six teachers, working at the level of upper secondary school, and with experiences of suicides comitted among their students, have been interviewed. In analyzing the interviews we have used concepts from a crisis theory, system theory, theory of empathy, and thoughts about the teachers´ role when meeting students in griefe, as our analytical tools. The result indicate that personality and experience affect the teachers´acting and teir opinions about how a teacher should act in case of suicideal events among their students. A suicide among the students leads to individual grief for the teacher. The strength of the experiences and feelings of grief held by the teachers depend on how they define the relationship between teacher and student. When a student commits suicide, his/her schoolmates have a tendancy ta act and react with some hysteria. At the same time they tend to glorify, in some way or another, the dead student and the suicide. The schoolmates also react with grief and with speculations about the suicide. The importance of colleagues and of school counsellours when a suicide has occurred among the students at school, is emphasized by the teachers.

  • 2044.
    Åström, Therese
    et al.
    Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Centre for Psychiatry Research and Education, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Gumpert, Clara
    Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Centre for Psychiatry Research and Education, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Andershed, Anna-Karin
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Forster, Martin
    Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Division of Psychology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    The SAVRY Improves Prediction of Reoffending: A Naturalistic Longitudinal Comparative Study2017In: Research on social work practice, ISSN 1049-7315, E-ISSN 1552-7581, Vol. 27, no 6, p. 683-694Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: This study investigated the utility of the risk assessment “Structured Assessment of Violence Risk in Youth” (SAVRY) within the social services in Stockholm County, Sweden.

    Method: SAVRY assessments of 56 adolescents were compared to assessments guided by another instrument (Adolescent Drug Abuse Diagnosis [ADAD]; n = 38) and assessments without support of a structured method (n = 38).

    Results: The results showed that social workers conducting SAVRY assessments documented a significantly larger number of risk and protective factors compared to the other assessments, and these factors predicted, with a few exceptions, reoffending to a larger extent. SAVRY summary risk rating significantly predicted the occurrence of serious violent crimes (area under the curve [AUC] = .80, p < .01) and less serious violence (AUC = .70, p < .05).

    Conclusions: SAVRY performed at least as well in naturalistic settings as in previous studies conducted in more controlled environments. Furthermore, the SAVRY performed better than the other structured instrument (ADAD).

  • 2045.
    Åström, Therese
    et al.
    Karolinska institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Jergeby, Ulla
    Sweden´s National board of health and welfare, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Andershed, Anna-Karin
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Tengström, Anders
    Karolinska institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Social workers' assessments of needs and interventions for adolescents with substance misuse problems, criminal behaviour and mental health difficulties: a vignette study2013In: European Journal of Social Work, ISSN 1369-1457, E-ISSN 1468-2664, Vol. 16, no 5, p. 635-650Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the current vignette study was to examine how social workers assess adolescents with substance misuse problems, criminal behaviour and mental health difficulties, and how they make decisions about treatment interventions to reduce these problems. Earlier research has shown lack of knowledge concerning factors and processes that govern assessments and decisions in social work practice. In this anonymously administered survey, social workers in Stockholm, Sweden, were invited to assess fictitious youth issues. We found that social workers recognise the problems and needs of young people, but that they find it harder to link needs to evidence-based interventions. Also, there is a tendency to overrate alleged non-serious problems in the vignettes. We conclude that there is a need for increased knowledge about evidence-based methods and more structured procedures to broaden the basis for decisions.

  • 2046.
    Öberg, Maria
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work. Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Östberg, Ylva
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    LSSLag eller värdegrun?: Vad styr i praktiken?2010Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    LAW OR VALUES? WHAT RUNS IN PRACTICE? Öberg, MariaÖstberg, YlvaÖrebro UniversityDepartment for Behavioral, Social and Legal SciencesSocial Work programSocial work, 61-90 pointsC-essay, 15 pointsAutumn term 2009

     

    Abstract

    The study aims to highlight the problems that are related to enforcement of the law for criminal code (BrB, 1962:700) and law of publicity and confidentiality ( OSL, 2009:400) when patient in the 9:9 § in law of support and service for some functional disability peoples (LSS, 1993:387) commit crimes. We also want to investigate managers' implementation of the said law on the basis of fictitious cases. Furthermore, the study aims to examine how the basic ethical principles of LSS affects of Unit Decision on measures concerning situations where patient have committed crimes. We also want to investigate if there is a problem with users, within LSS, committing crimes.

    We have used a qualitative approach in which four semi-structured interviews conducted with managers in the business field. The interviews were based in part from two fictional cases. We wanted to give it all respondents the same starting point. We have transcribed our material for themed and interpret it.

    The study shows that there is a problem in law enforcement. All respondents knew in theory how the legislation looked like, but none of the respondents knew what the law was applied. The results also show that there is a difference of opinion on the value basis depending on how close to the patient the respondent works. Respondents who worked closest to the patient want to protect patient from all trouble, this sometimes can affect patient' ability to experience the values that exist in the LSS. Respondents who did not work close to patient, perceived the patient´s as any other citizens.

    Keywords: patient, functional disability, ethnical values, crime, manager.

     

  • 2047.
    Öberg, Nicklas
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Att genomföra en plan: En studie om kommunalt hemlösarbete2011Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 2048.
    Ödman, Ann-Sofie
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work. Örebro University.
    Blomberg, Kristina
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work. Örebro University.
    Begreppsanvändning inom missbruksvården: Granskning av tre centrala begrepp2009Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study aims to examine possible differences in the use of three central concepts (substance abuse, heavy substance abuse and open care) within the substance abuse care. The issues addressed are (I) how is the three central concepts used in texts about substance abuse care? (II) if differences exists in the use of the three central concepts, which similarities and differences can be found? (III) how can the use of the three central concepts be understood from the basis of social constructionism? The study is a literature review and the results have been analyzed on the basis of social constructionism. The result indicates that differences in the concept handling occur. Differences in definitions of substance abuse is seen through that certain definitions treat consumption patterns while others definitions mean that it should be seen as deviance. Similarities can be seen as the majority of definitions around substance abuse concern consequences of the use. The use of the concept “heavy substance abuse” concerns mainly demarcations between drug abuse and heavy drug abuse. The concept handling of open care is coherent in the case of its extraneous framework however differences are found when it comes to how extensive the concept should be.

  • 2049.
    Ökvist, Sandra
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Arbetslivsinriktad rehabilitering: - En kvalitativ studie ur den försäkrades perspektiv2010Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 2050.
    Öman, Annika
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Forsberg, Sara
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Posttraumatisk stresstörning hos barn som upplevt våld i familjen: Betydelsen av våldets karaktär och psykosocial hälsa samt tillfrisknandeprocessen2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A large number of children experience domestic violence and this experience can lead to the development of Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The purpose of this study is to create a deeper knowledge regarding children who have experienced domestic violence and are showing signs of PTSD. The research questions of this study are (1) to what

    extent does the type of violence matter for the development of PTSD in children? (2) to what extent does the child’s psychosocial health matter for the development of PTSD?

    (3) how can the recovery process in children who show signs of PTSD be understood? The approach of the study is both quantitative and qualitative and the design is pre-post.

    The study includes 14 children who all have experienced domestic violence and who have answered Children´s revised impact of event scale (CRIES) at Trappan-enheten in

    Uppsala during 2007. The result shows that many children show signs of PTSD after the experience of domestic violence. The type of violence and the duration of violence are essential factors for the development of PTSD. The results also show that good psychosocial health does not prevent the development of PTSD. At the second measuring

    fewer children show signs of PTSD.

3839404142 2001 - 2050 of 2054
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