To Örebro University

oru.seÖrebro universitets publikasjoner
Endre søk
Begrens søket
2345678 201 - 250 of 2663
RefereraExporteraLink til resultatlisten
Permanent link
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annet format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annet språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Treff pr side
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sortering
  • Standard (Relevans)
  • Forfatter A-Ø
  • Forfatter Ø-A
  • Tittel A-Ø
  • Tittel Ø-A
  • Type publikasjon A-Ø
  • Type publikasjon Ø-A
  • Eldste først
  • Nyeste først
  • Skapad (Eldste først)
  • Skapad (Nyeste først)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Eldste først)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Nyeste først)
  • Disputationsdatum (tidligste først)
  • Disputationsdatum (siste først)
  • Standard (Relevans)
  • Forfatter A-Ø
  • Forfatter Ø-A
  • Tittel A-Ø
  • Tittel Ø-A
  • Type publikasjon A-Ø
  • Type publikasjon Ø-A
  • Eldste først
  • Nyeste først
  • Skapad (Eldste først)
  • Skapad (Nyeste først)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Eldste først)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Nyeste først)
  • Disputationsdatum (tidligste først)
  • Disputationsdatum (siste først)
Merk
Maxantalet träffar du kan exportera från sökgränssnittet är 250. Vid större uttag använd dig av utsökningar.
  • 201.
    Backlund, Josefine
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Hjertholm, Aurora
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    ”Var är ni?”: En kvalitativ studie kring arbetet med våldsutsatta teckenspråkiga döva och hörselskadade kvinnor utifrån yrkesverksammas perspektiv2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 202.
    Badr, Izabella
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Olsson, Malin
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Familjearbete och hedersrelaterat våld och förtryck: - en kvalitativ textanalys2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 203.
    Bagga-Gupta, Sangeeta
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    A common education-for-all and life-long learning?: Reflections on inclusion, equity and integration2014Inngår i: Theory and methodology in international comparative classroom studies / [ed] Berit H. Johnsen, Kristiansand: Cappelen Damm Høyskoleforlaget, 2014, s. 225-243Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Two important reasons are often presented to account for the significant organizational shift at the compulsory educational level and for ways in which continuing education is conceptualized in many parts of the world in the post-World War II period. These two encompass ideologies related to a “common education-for-all” and a “life-long learning” perspective. They have had far reaching consequences for both individuals and collectives. Even though access to schooling and learning opportunities over the life-span are unevenly distributed across the globe, a major transition has occurred during the last five-six decades: doors to formal education have become a feasibility (if not a reality) for all members of society. Formal education became a possibility for groups that were previously marginalized; for instance, girls, functionally disabled, economically disadvantaged, individuals in rural areas, immigrants, etc., and for the post-school and college going sections of the population.

    A common education-for-all young people including the life-long learning movement are, in different ways, understood as constituting fundamental principles that many democracies currently uphold. These conceptual traditions, based upon the notions of equity and human rights, have specific implications regarding (i) what is understood as legitimate in the conceptualization of human diversity and (ii) concomitantly how teaching and learning are organized for groups that previously stood outside the educational system/s. In other words, how human difference is conceptualized has a bearing upon how communities have historically organized education and/or provision for “different” groups. In addition and more significantly, as will be argued, what is meant by learning plays an important role in how education gets organized for some groups within the framework of a “common education-for-all”.

    This chapter takes the discourse of equity and rights as a point of departure in order to discuss how education for different groups of young people and adults in the post-World War II period has been organized, particularly in the contexts of the global North. Issues related to human difference, the meanings subscribed to different identity categories or constructs (for instance, immigrants, functional disability and gender) and the ways in which learning for different groups gets framed is of focal interest here. My aim here (and in current academic work) is to theorize what can be termed the “didactics of inclusion-equity-integration”. Thus for instance, an interest is to understand the basis on which education for different groups has been argued for and organized. Given that learning and instruction was organized differently for different groups in the pre-World War II era, an interest here is to try and tweeze out the ways in which exclusion and segregation currently get played out, particularly in the contexts of the global North. What kinds of knowledge about human diversity are seen as important, are privileged and are made relevant in educational contexts? What understandings of learning and instruction guide the organization of education and everyday practices in educational contexts? In other words, what are the didactics of inclusion, integration and equity? These constitute some of the issues that are explored here.

    Reflections on the themes attended to here arise from my previous and ongoing studies across different projects. The cumulative empirical work that the present chapter draws upon can be understood in terms of different long term ethnographically oriented projects that are framed within sociocultural and postcolonial perspectives and that furthermore invite intersectional analysis. In addition to these empirically driven research projects, the issues I raise here draw upon experiences from both large scale school developmental projects and national level work for Governmental and policy organisations since the mid-1990s.

  • 204.
    Bagga-Gupta, Sangeeta
    Örebro universitet, Pedagogiska institutionen.
    Aspects of diversity, inclusion and democracy within education and research2007Inngår i: Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, ISSN 0031-3831, E-ISSN 1470-1170, Vol. 51, nr 1, s. 1-22Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Educational arenas are important sites for understanding how diversity and democracy become operationalised since they constitute and at the same time must attend to students' different needs. This article focuses on diversity from two specific angles: how research activities allow for particular ways of understanding human differences and how human pluralism is conceptualised in the organisation of education. These discussions emerge from the position that our use of language itself shapes human realities. The organisation of the segregated Swedish special schools for the deaf and research that focuses on this specific “human category” are used to illustrate and discuss issues pertaining to diversity and democracy. Pupils in special schools are conceptualised both as “handicapped” as well as belonging to a “linguistic-minority” group. Democratic tensions related to maintaining a separate school and conducting research on the human category defined on the basis of “deafness” are discussed and alternatives raised. Implications regarding (the lack of) pluralism in research perspectives and agendas are also discussed and the need for integrating studies of marginalisation into mainstream academia is highlighted.

  • 205.
    Bagga-Gupta, Sangeeta
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Challenges in (re)searching literacies in the 21st century: issues of timespace, mobility and identity-positions in the GLO-CAL North and South2015Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Issues related to time and space explicitly or implicitly frame ways in which identity and language broadly, and literacy specifically get (re)searched. This study explicates challenges related to space – here, there and the virtual, mobility – across time and space (both geographical and virtually), and identity-positions through empirical examples from on-going ethnographically framed research in the Global North and South. Taking both a socially oriented perspective and a decolonial framework on language and identity, this contribution juxtaposes data from ethnographic projects at the CCD research group at Örebro University, Sweden (www.oru.se/humes/ccd). The analysis builds upon (i) video-recordings of mundane activities, (ii) data-prompted discussions and (iii) archives and policy related to institutions in Sweden and Mumbai, India where individuals have access to and engage with a number of language varieties including their written modalities. Fieldwork in the projects raise important issues related to globalization and the very doing of research

    Recent shifts in media and digital spaces have created new conditions for the human condition. For instance, how people engage with information, the visual, the written, the cultural; how they find, engage with, experience the written word and other cultural and intellectual tools. Everyday life across spaces, including the disparity of experiences between individuals and groups calls for systematically revisiting some central areas in the educational and social sciences. Flexibility and the hybridity of languaging in physical as well as digital spaces are afforded by the glo-cal nature of linguistic landscapes. Here processes of identity are shaped by the transnational, multilingual and glo-cal nature of participation both inside and outside institutional settings. These linguistic landscapes enable the creation of physical as well as symbolic relationships, enabling glo-cal states and experiences.

    I attend to the following issues: (i) illustrate some important challenges of doing fieldwork in present times; (ii) raise issues related to individual actors talk and institutional accounting of language, learning and identity on the one hand, and the performance of languaging, learning and identity-positioning on the other; (iii) illustrate the chained ecology and hybridity of communication and use of technologies in vastly different geopolitical physical and virtual spaces (ie. make visible the active work that participants and institutions “do” with symbols and artifacts through detailed descriptions of naturally occurring communication and interactions across time and space); and (iv) illustrate the ways in which multimodal analysis allows for revisiting dimensions of language socialization and identity-positions which get accounted for not as the sole property of individuals or as distinct bounded entities, but rather in terms of intrinsic performatory hybrid dimensions of individuals-cum-technologies-in-concert-across-time-and-space.

  • 206.
    Bagga-Gupta, Sangeeta
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Human Languaging: Studying what? (Re)creating what?2013Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 207.
    Bagga-Gupta, Sangeeta
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Language learners and learning language in the era of reinforced boundaries: challenging webs-of-understandings related to bilingualism ethnographically2015Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Framed in sociocultural and post/decolonial perspectives, this multidisciplinary multi-site study focuses issues related to globalization and learning in the global North and South. Based upon analysis of different data sets from three ethnographic projects, this paper focuses individuals and institutions accounting of language, learning and identity on the one hand, and the performance of languaging, learning and identity-positioning on the other. Furthermore, by using different representational techniques, the paper revisits dimensions of learning language and identity-positions inside and outside institutional settings. Language and identity get accounted for as intrinsic performatory hybrid dimensions of individuals-in-concert-with-tools from bi/multilingual perspectives.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Description and References
  • 208.
    Bagga-Gupta, Sangeeta
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Language learners and learning language in the era of reinforced boundaries: challenging webs-of-understandings related to bilingualism ethnographically2015Inngår i: -isms of Oppression in Language Education: / [ed] Damian J Rivers and Karin Zotzmann, Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 2015Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This empirically driven multidisciplinary study takes a socioculturally oriented decolonial perspective on language, identity and learning. It is framed in the intersections of Communication Studies, Literacy Studies and Educational Sciences traditions on the one hand, and the identity research domains of Deaf Studies and Gender Studies on the other. An overarching aim is to present explorations of bi/multilingualism from bi/multilingual multimodal perspectives. Focusing the ways in which individuals’ language, in public spaces, schools or work spaces, makes visible the performative work that participants (and institutions) “do” with semiotic resources. Language is empirically accounted for not as the sole property of an individual, community or geopolitical state, but rather as an intrinsic performatory dimension of both interlinked language varieties and modalities and humans in concert with tools in face-to-face, textually and digitally mediated spaces. Focusing social practices – what gets communicated and the ways in which the same occurs – allows for problematizing dominant hegemonic epistemologies related to language, identity and learning. Alternative decolonial vantage positions together with multisite, multi-scale data (like diaries, field-notes, video-data, narrative biographies, language curricula and archive data across time) from ethnographic projects at the Communication, Culture and Diversity, CCD research group at Örebro University, Sweden have enabled center staging “isms” that currently collate towards reinforcing oppressive boundaries and producing newer web-of-understandings in the Language and Educational Sciences. Together with an oral language bias in academic reporting these webs-of-understandings reinforce dominant monolingual-monomodality positions in addition to monological essentialistic colonial perspectives on language, identity and learning. The analysis highlights that ways of conceptualizing, reporting and “talking about bi/multilingualism” are not in sync with mundane languaging or ways-of-being-with-words, or peoples engagement in everyday “bi/multilingual communication” inside and outside institutional settings. The findings have major relevance for reframing both educational as well as societal agendas in the global North, but also South.

  • 209.
    Bagga-Gupta, Sangeeta
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Languaging in and across virtual-irl timespaces: challenging disciplinary and methodological hegemonies through the lens of visually-oriented data2015Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Current digital medial lives of young people and adults in different geopolitical spaces and a disparity of experiences within these spaces calls for systematically revisiting some problematic assumptions that frame the Communication and Cultural Sciences, particularly in the global North. With this as point of departure, I will attempt to do the following three things in my presentation. First, I will “make visible” some dimensions of the ways-of-being-with-words and cultural-tools that shape life in the 21st century. Secondly, my presentation will illustrate how analyses in and across virtual-irl timespaces allows for revisiting the ways in which language categories and identity positions have been talked-and-written-into-being since the end of the 20th century. Finally, I will present reflections regarding doing netnographic fieldwork in the 21st century. An overarching aim of this presentation is to contribute to the academic domain of (what is glossed as) bi/multilingual research from bi/multilingual multimodal perspectives.

    Taking both a socially oriented perspective and a decolonial framework on languaging and identity positions, my presentation will juxtapose data from ethnographic projects at the CCD research group at Örebro University, Sweden (www.oru.se/humes/ccd). The analysis I will share will include ethnographically framed everyday life (i) data from projects that focus Web 2.0 platforms (like Youtube and facebook), (ii) data from Swedish mass-media (SVT, the national TV and print-digital newspapers) and (iii) archive and policy data related to educational institutions in Sweden. My presentation will problematizes dominating understandings of language, identity and culture generally and the organization of “special” support for “immigrant” individuals as well as “functionally disabled” young people in the global North more specifically.

    The analysis presented will highlight that ways of conceptualizing, reporting and “talking about bi/multilingualism” are not in sync with mundane use of cultural-tools, languaging or ways-of-being-with-words, or peoples engagement in “everyday bi/multilingual communication” in and across virtual-irl and media-institutional settings. I will illustrate the incongruence between individuals, institutional and mass-media accountings, as opposed to the performance of language, identity and culture in the global North. The analysis will highlight the reductionistic and problematic “webs-of-understandings” (Bagga-Gupta 2012) that frame the glossed concepts mono-bi-multilingualism and mono-bi-multiculturalism in the global North. Providing emic understandings of how accountings constitute a core dimension of “collective remembering” (Wertsch 2002) of “imagined communities” (Anderson 1991), the work presented here will illustrate “alternative voices” (Hasnain el al 2013) in the multidisciplinary fields such as Communication Studies, Cultural Studies and the Language Sciences (Bagga-Gupta 2013, 2014a, 2014b). This endeavor calls for a major shift in analytical perspectives, where a visual-orientation from ethnographically framed decolonial positions present challenges to northern hegemonies that currently frame discourses of globalization.

     

    References:

    Anderson, B. (1991). Imagined Communities. Reflections on the origin and spread of nationalism. London: Verso.

    Bagga-Gupta, S. (2012). Challenging understandings of Bilingualism in the Language Sciences from the lens of research that focuses Social Practices. In Eva Hjörne, Geerdina van der Aalsvoort & Guida de Abreu (Eds.) Learning, social interaction and diversity – exploring school practices. pp 85-102. Rotterdam: Sense.

    Bagga-Gupta, S. (2013). The Boundary-Turn. Relocating language, identity and culture through the epistemological lenses of time, space and social interactions. In Imtiaz Hasnain, Sangeeta Bagga-Gupta & Shailendra Mohan (Eds.) Alternative Voices: (Re)searching Language, Culture and Identity... pp 28-49 Newcastle-upon-Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.

    Bagga-Gupta, Sangeeta (2014). Languaging. Ways-of-being-with-words across Disciplinary Boundaries and Empirical Sites. In Heli Paulasto, Lea Meriläinen, Helka Riionheimo & Maria Kok (Eds). Language Contacts at the Crossroads of Disciplines. (89-130). Newcastle-upon-Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.

    Bagga-Gupta, S. (2014). Performing and accounting language and identity: Agency AS actors-in-(inter)action-with-tools. In P. Deters, Xuesong Gao, E. Miller and G. Vitanova-Haralampiev (Eds.) Interdisciplinary approaches to theorizing and analyzing agency and second language learning. Bristol: Multilingual Matters.

    Hasnain, I., Bagga-Gupta, S. & Mohan, S. (Eds.) Alternative Voices: (Re)searching Language, Culture and Identity... Newcastle-upon-Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.

    Wertsch, J. (2002). Voices of Collective Remembering. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

  • 210.
    Bagga-Gupta, Sangeeta
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Om att ”göra det omöjliga möjligt” och att ”brinna för kultur, ungdomar och kaffe”. [About ”making possible the impossible” and ”burning for culture, young people and coffee”]: en tredje position i samtal om inklusion och kritiska tankar kring representations-didaktik. [A third position in conversations about inclusion and critical thoughts about representational-didactics]2015Inngår i: Perspektiver om inkludering [Perspectives on inclusion] / [ed] Karen Bjerg Petersen, Aarhus: CURSIV, Institut for Uddannelse & Pædagogik, Aarhus Universitet. , 2015Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [sv]

    Integrering, inkludering, jämställdhet och likvärdighet konstituerar fundamentala idéer inom ramen för demokratisering i stort i samhället och dess institutioner. Verksamheter som ungdomsskola, högskola, teater, vård, riksdag, mm men även arenor som professionsutbildningar och forskning (särskild inom tvärvetenskapliga fält såsom utbildningsvetenskap och vård och habilitering) är viktiga i detta sammanhang. Hur gränsdragningar sker i samtliga dessa arenor – skola, politik, vård, lärarutbildningen och inte minst forskning – spelar en viktig roll i vilka identiteter uppmärksammas som i längden har relevans för inklusion och det som jag kallar representations-didaktik.

    Tankar om pluralism och likvärdighet i ett samhället-för-alla, en-skola-för-alla och kultur-för-alla bygger på en grundläggande demokratisk idé om allas lika värde i dagens globaliserade tillvaro. Utbildningens nya kontext (och därmed även forskning om utbildningen i stort) i dagens globaliserade tillvaro utgör en dramatisk förändring som har konsekvenser för socialt liv och den mänskliga gemenskapen – från en möjlighet för några till en möjlighet för alla och från en kontext för en viss åldersgrupp till en kontext där hela livet innefattas. Även om de olika kulturella utrycksformer – dans, teater, musik, konst, mm – och dess konsumtion anses vara något för alla, förblir dessa stark begränsade till vissa i samhället. Det samma kan sägas om samhällets beslutsfattande institutioner i ”representativa demokratier”. Medan organ som riksdag, kommun fullmäktige, mm väls av alla och förväntas representera alla, finns det fortfarande en snäv representation av olikhet i dessa världen över.

    Den här artikeln tar avstamp i den forskningsverksamhet som jag ansvarar för inom ramen för det tvärvetenskapliga nätverket CCD (se www.oru.se/humes/ccd) och min egen forskning i såväl den globala Nord som den globala Syd (se www.oru.se/humes/sangeeta_bagga-gupta). Jag kommer, utifrån ett dekolonialt perspektiv och ett sociokulturellt ramverk kring människans kommunikation, lärande och identitet, specifikt att diskutera de föreställningar (eller metaforer) kring ”inkludering” och ”segregering” som vi lever med och som skapar förutsättningar för barn, unga och vuxna i en mängd olika institutionaliserade verksamheter. I artikeln tar jag upp exempel från mina projekt för att illustrera att våra uppfattningar om mänsklig identitet, mångfald och extrem-mångfald (En: super-diversity), inklusive ”en påhittad praxisgemenskap” (En: imaginary community, Andersson 1996), spelar en avgörande roll för samhällets planering och insatser för integrering, inkludering, jämställdhet och likvärdighet. I artikeln presenterar jag kort utgångspunkter som kännetecknar den härskande dikotomi inkludering-segregering, för att därefter gå vidare till ett tredje perspektiv kring människan och hennes potential till deltaganden i praxisgemenskaper. Jag argumenterar att det är väsentlig att gå bortom denna dikotomi såväl metaforisk som i hur samhället organiserar deltagande i sina institutioner. Jag introducerar en tredje position i samtalet om mänsklig gemenskap där omvänt-inklusion och representations-didaktik möjliggör nya föreställningar och institutionella ordningar när det gäller ett samhället-för-alla, en-skola-för-alla och kultur-för-alla.

  • 211.
    Bagga-Gupta, Sangeeta
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    (Re)searching languaging and identity positions: Perfomances and accountings2013Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 212.
    Bagga-Gupta, Sangeeta
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    The Boundary-Turn: Relocating Language, Culture and Identity through the epistemological lenses of time, space and social interactions2013Inngår i: Alternative Voices: (Re)searching Language, Culture and Identity... / [ed] Imtiaz Husnain, Sangeeta Bagga-Gupta & Shailendra Mohan, England: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2013, s. 28-49Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 213.
    Bagga-Gupta, Sangeeta
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    The KKOM-DS (CCD) research group: implications and issues for education based on research2009Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 214.
    Bagga-Gupta, Sangeeta
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    MMC, Mumbai
    Accessing global communities through local resources?: a study of barriers and facilitators of first generation women users of new communication technologies2014Inngår i: Swedish-Indian International Research Conference LanDpost, Languaging and Diversity in the age of post-colonial glocal-medialization / [ed] Central Institute of Indian Languages., Mysore, India: CIIL , 2014Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    India has witnessed a massive transformation in the development and use of information technology in the last decade. The way technology is experienced however, varies; and social class, gender, and age are prominent parameters that frame its use. The present study focuses the spaces of Mumbai Mobile Creches (MMC)[1] – a not for profit organization which works towards ensuring nutrition, health, and safety of migrant families and their children who spend their lives on construction sites in the mega-city of Mumbai. MMC operates day care centres on 25-30 construction sites where trained early childhood care givers, teachers and attached professional staff, including volunteers, deliver a large range of services including qualified crèches, preschools and educational facilities for children between birth and 14 years of age. Currently, 40% women workers at these centers are made up of members of construction workers’ communities. While these women execute a range of tasks creatively and under very challenging conditions, limited exposure and competencies in the use of English restricts their use of digital technologies, including web media. It is these women who constitute the first generation of technology users that this study focuses upon.   

    The study explores the access and reported experiences of women first generation digital users. It aims to understand barriers and facilitators for access to new technologies among these women, what significance these have for them, the role/s these play in shaping their sense of self and role of gender and age in technology use. The main research questions include: How does access to and engagement with new communication technologies look like in the lives of first generation women users in mega-city hubs in present times of flux? How do issues of access shape women first generation users lives? In what arenas do women from the middle and lower economic strata in a mega-city context in India have access to new communication technologies? What do their life trajectories look like and what, if anything, can we learn about development from this type of collaborative research?

    The following empirical materials have been specifically used in this study. In-depth case studies with adult women first generation new technology users based upon a series of audio-recorded conversations and written daily records maintained by the women, video-documentation of Sakhi empowerment monthly meetings, minutes of the Sakhi meetings, and MMC annual reports across two decades, 2000-2014.

    This paper empirically supports often sighted association between women’s entry into workforce and their empowerment. Nuances of the gender role expectations in use of technology and empowerment of women are focused. Empowerment of women emerges as a complex process wherein women transgress some aspects of traditional gender roles while continuing to be framed by others. LanDpost is concerned with intersections of language, gender, and media in an increasingly digital world. The present study illuminates the role digital media and language play in the access to and use of new technologies, including web media and how access to these shapes adult, first generation users lives.

    [1]http://www.mumbaimobilecreches.org/aboutus.htm

  • 215.
    Baianstovu, Rúna Í
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Strid, Sofia
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Migration, Honour, Violence and Inequality: Developing Isolation and Mobility as Mechanisms of Honour Related Violence2021Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the paper is to contribute to the expanding knowledge-base for reducing honour related violence (HRV), that has becomeincreasingly complicated, not to say corrupt, by ongoing neoliberalism and right-wing agendas.

    HRV is a serious problem with complex roots, causes and sometimes deadly consequences. It is a contested academic and political fieldconstructed through various borders, boundaries, and intersections such as nation, ethnicity, gender, age, sexuality, religion, and migration.

    The paper examines some of these borders, boundaries, and intersections by analysing the expressions, prevalence, and patterns of HRV in Sweden, a historically social democratic and femocratic welfare state, challenged by increasing social, economic, and political inequalities,and a mainstream discourse describing HRV as a distinctively dangerous form of violence linked to culture, religion, and migrants’ failure to‘assimilate’ to Nordic ideals of gender equality. As such, positionings on HRV have played and continue to play straight into the hands ofnationalist politics, racist agendas, and right-wing assimilationism.

    In contrast, the paper draws on feminist and intersectional sociological theory, at the interface of honour, integration, migration, to develop theconcepts of isolation and mobility. It is based on a substantial qualitative and quantitative empirical material: focus groups and individual in-depth interviews with people with direct, personal experiences and indirect, professional experiences of HRV (n=259) and three surveysanswered by fifteen-year-olds in Swedish metropolitan areas (n=6002).

    The paper shows first, how isolation and mobility reinforce or weakenhonour norms and violence, respectively

  • 216.
    Baianstovu, Rúna Í
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Strid, Sofia
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Särnstedt Gramnaes, Emmie
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Cinthio, Hanna
    Enelo, Jan-Magnus
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Heder och samhälle: Det hedersrelaterade våldets och förtryckets uttryck och samhällets utmaningar2019Rapport (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna bok är resultatet av den hittills mest omfattande studien av det hedersrelaterade våldets uttryck, former och mekanismer som genomförts i Sverige. Studien bygger på kvalitativa och kvantitativa delstudier och har gjorts på uppdrag av Stockholms, Göteborgs och Malmö stad 2017–2018. Bredden gör studien unik inom detta område. Den kvalitativa datainsamlingen: 235 nyckelpersoner med djupgående kunskap om hedersrelaterat våld och förtryck har intervjuats i 95 öppna intervjuer. Några av intervjupersonerna har kunskap utifrån sitt arbete eller från sitt engagemang i föreningar. Andra har kunskap på grund av egen erfarenhet av livet i en hederskontext och av utsatthet för våld och förtryck. Några har båda dessa positioner. Den kvantitativa datainsamlingen: 6 002 ungdomar i årskurs nio har besvarat en enkät om relationer, begränsningar och olika former av utsatthet i hemmet, skolan och på fritiden. Det sammantagna resultatet visar att människor med olika etniska tillhörigheter, trosuppfattningar, funktionsnedsättningar, sexuell läggning, ålder och socioekonomiska förhållanden lever med våldsutsatthet och normer som förtrycker dem. Vidare visas att hedersrelaterat våld och förtryck är uttryck för olika svårigheter som kan sammanfattas med begreppen inneslutning och mobilitet på individ-, grupp- och samhällsnivå och i samspelet mellan dessa. Inneslutning och mobilitet betecknar att våldsutövning ökar i introverta eller inneslutna grupper där samspelet med andra grupper är låg; dvs. att mobiliteten är låg. Hedersrelaterat våld och förtryck närs bland annat av minoritetsskap, särskilt i kombination med kollektiv statslöshet, krig, migration och segregation. Social, ekonomisk och politisk rörlighet urholkar däremot våldsnormerna och minskar våldsanvändandet. Sammantaget visar resultatet att hedersrelaterat våld och förtryck drabbar individer på ett flertal sätt och att samhället genom socialpolitiken bör ta ett förnyat ansvar på flera nivåer, både akut, kortsiktigt och långsiktigt.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Heder och samhälle: Det hedersrelaterade våldets och förtryckets uttryck och samhällets utmaningar
  • 217.
    Bakir, Duygu
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Ishak, Jilan
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    “Ibland upptäcker man aldrig den sociala utsattheten, barnen kan vara bra på att dölja saker”: En kvalitativ studie om skolkuratorers upplevelser och erfarenheter av det förebyggande arbetet med social utsatthet i områden som definierats som socialt utsatta.2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 218.
    Bakirci, Yelda
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Johansson, Josefine
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Yuksel, Nathalie
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    KÖNSSKILLNADER HOS FÖRÖVARE AV DÖDLIGT PARTNERVÅLD I RELATION TILL MOTIV OCH TILLVÄGAGÅNGSSÄTT2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med den föreliggande studien var att undersöka könsskillnader i motiv och tillvägagångssätt hos förövare av dödligt partnervåld i heterosexuella parrelationer. En kvantitativ forskningsmetod användes i denna icke-experimentella tvärsnittsstudie, där data samlades in från ett urval av svenska domstolars domar, det vill säga tingsrätter, hovrätter och Högsta domstolens domar publicerade i en juridisk databas. Ett urval av N = 49 domar granskades med hjälp av ett kodschema, varav n = 30 domar hade en manlig förövare och n = 19 domar en kvinnlig förövare. De erhållna datan analyserades genom ett chi2-test for independence. Resultaten indikerar att kön hos förövare av dödligt partnervåld var signifikant relaterat till motiv till det dödliga våldet där tidigare utsatthet för partnervåld skiljde sig åt signifikant mellan män och kvinnor, men inte till tillvägagångssätt i det dödliga våldet. Slutsatser som drogs av denna studie var att motiv till dödligt partnervåld skiljer sig åt med anledning av förövarens könstillhörighet, medan tillvägagångssätt i dödligt partnervåld var samma oavsett könstillhörighet.     

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 219.
    Bakunzibake, Pierre
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet. University of Rwanda, Rwanda.
    Grönlund, Åke
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Klein, Gunnar O.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Organisational Challenges in the Implementation of ‘one-stop’ e-Government in Rwanda2019Inngår i: Electronic Journal of e-Government, E-ISSN 1479-439X, Vol. 17, nr 1, s. 1-19Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    One-stop e-government holds potential benefits in all contexts and especially in the context of developing countries and in the Least Developed Countries (LDCs). Implementation of one-stop e-government can be challenging as it normally requires addressing a number of organisational issues including those related to the integration of the individual government information systems of different departments which traditionally function as silos; tackling organisational issues can be difficult due to the nature of the public sector. However, the contemporary literature paints a picture of scarce research on the organisational issues that impede the implementation of one-stop e-government initiatives in LDCs. This paper explores the organisational issues underlying the implementation of ‘one-stop’ e-government initiatives in Rwanda, an LDC. The study explores the status of these elements as of and up to March 2017. The qualitative case study methodology used for this study involved data collection by means of documents and interviews with key managers from central government organisations, from a private company, and from local government service clerks. Template analysis was used as a method for data analysis. Even though the number of online services for citizens, businesses, and other agencies is growing rapidly and easy payment of service fees is available, a number of organisational issues were identified. These include the lack of a clear plan of ‘to-be’ service processes and a corresponding change management strategy. Service re-design was taking place very much ad hoc. There were also unclear systematic organisational learning mechanisms and unclear operational goals in the local government. Addressing these issues would contribute towards improving the implementation of one-stop e-government and its corresponding services in such a context. The paper contributes to research by providing insights into organisational issues in a country currently in an early stage of e-government development. For Rwandan e-government professionals, the paper suggests a way forward. It also helps decision makers in Rwanda and similar countries undertaking one-stop initiatives to understand the problem context of actions taken towards IT-driven institutional reform.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Organisational Challenges in the Implementation of ‘one-stop’ e-Government in Rwanda
  • 220.
    Balkmar, Dag
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    A Violent Regime: Men, Masculinities and Road Conflicts in Sweden2018Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This presentation focuses on violence(s) in traffic space as a gendered problem. It draws on qualitative online studies and interviews with cyclists about their experiences of motorists’ violent practices, including cyclists’ negotiations of anti-cyclist discourses and their coping strategies. It follows that modal conflicts is not only a problem for cities with a low prevalence of cycling; ‘bike friendly’ cities like Copenhagen and Stockholm are also troubled by fights between cyclists and drivers (Freudendal-Pedersen 2015; Koglin 2013). Such conflicts are gendered in complex ways.

    Automobility appears to be a ‘violent regime’ (Joelsson 2013), a regime that produces uncaring, oppressive and violent configurations of men and masculinity (cf. Hanlon 2009). However, there are no clear-cut gendered frameworks to be applied. Such violence cannot be understood within a binary gendered framework; there is neither clearly a typical victim position nor a gendered perpetrator position. It is argued that automobility makes it possible for certain men to perform their ‘right to the road’, including gender-identity-shaping practices, and that this has the negative effect of violating cyclists’ bodily integrity. It follows that a shift from cars to more sustainable mobilities also demands related shifts in masculinities and men’s practices in the context of transport and traffic.

  • 221.
    Balkmar, Dag
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Arbetspendling på cykel: vardagsrisk, hälsa och arbetsorganisationers strategier för ökad cykelpendling2013Inngår i: I Rörelse/On the move: ACSIS conference 11-13 June 2013 / [ed] Johanna Dahlin, Tove Andersson, ACSIS , 2013, s. 96-96Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [sv]

    Frågan om vikten av att öka cykeltrafiken och göra den säkrare har rönt stor uppmärksamhet såväl medialt som inom forskningen under senare år. Många organisationer, kommuner och landsting uppmanar också sina anställda att cykla mer, något som ofta argumenteras för i positiva termer av dess bidrag till ökat välbefinnande, (folk)hälsa, teamkänsla och framkomlighet i storstäderna.

    Detta projekt syftar till att med utgångspunkt i ett antal arbetsorganisationer vilka arbetar med att förmå sina medarbetare att välja cykel som transport till jobbet nå en fördjupad kunskap om de vardagsvillkor som gör att vissa väljer cykel och andra inte. Med etnografisk metodologi är målet med detta projekt att bidra med en kontextualiserad beskrivning av människors vardagsvillkor för arbetspendling med cykel.

    Att färdas med cykel är förknippat med olika former av upplevelser, emotioner och (föränderliga) identiteter. Genom att beakta arbetspendling med cykel ur ett vardagsperspektiv fokuseras upplevelser av cykling relaterat till såväl cyklingens njutningar som utsatthet som oskyddad trafikant, eventuella konflikter med andra trafikslag samt hur arbetsorganisationer försöker förmå sina medarbetare att välja cykeln före mindre miljövänliga sätt att färdas.

  • 222.
    Balkmar, Dag
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap. Centre for Feminist Social Studies.
    Cycling politics: imagining sustainable cycling futures in Sweden2020Inngår i: Applied Mobilities, ISSN 2380-0127, Vol. 5, nr 3, s. 324-340Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this article is to analyse the ways in which cycling politics, established bicycle advocates and “new” forms of net-based activism in Sweden imagine and shape future cycling. The study engages with policy analysis, cultural imaginaries, cycling citizenship, power and urban planning in order to analyse expressions of contemporary cycling politics in Sweden, with aparticular focus on the national strategy for increased and safer cycling, launched in 2017. This strategy, including how advocacy responded to the strategy, and topics raised in online blogs, reflects core differences in top-down/bottom-up views on cycling as contested practice: from more pragmatic, policy- and solution-oriented approaches to making everyday cycling experiences political. The analyses address both established and alternative ways of influencing mobility transitions and seek to address the alternative imaginings for everyday cycling that their approaches and strategies suggest. This includes analysing their role in shaping or changing cycling in the future and what these cases may tell us about the sustainability of cycling itself at both local and national levels. It is argued that, while well-established organizations already enjoy aposition of access to planners and policy-makers, it remains important to find ways of including the perspectives of emergent, on-line-based initiatives and blogs, which also formulate critical perspectives on everyday cycling.

  • 223.
    Balkmar, Dag
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    De osynliga slår tillbaka: Om cyklisters plats i en bilnormativ omgivning2014Inngår i: Gränsløs : tidskrift för studier av Öresundsregionens historia, kultur och samhällsliv, ISSN 2001-4961, nr 4, s. 83-94Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med den här texten är att undersöka olika cyklisters föreställningar om cyklisters plats i bilsamhället och de förhandlingar de utför. När cykling marknadsförs görs det ofta i positiva ordalag med hänsyn till förbättrad hälsa och miljö. I den mediala rapporteringen om cykling i stor- och medelstora städer har det dock under senare år talats om problem såsom hot, våld och aggressivitet i ett allt intensivare och trängre trafikrum. I förlängningen är det relevant att ställa frågor om cyklisters plats i bilsamhället och vad konflikter och upplevd rädsla att cykla har för konsekvenser för den numera spridda ambitionen att öka cyklingen. 

  • 224.
    Balkmar, Dag
    Filosofiska fakulteten, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, Sweden.
    Drive-by shaming: reflections on the emotions on (dangerous) car driving2008Inngår i: Thinking with Beverly Skeggs / [ed] Annika Olsson, Stockholm: Centre for Gender studies, Stockholm University , 2008, 1, s. 9-19Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

        

  • 225.
    Balkmar, Dag
    Tema Genus, University of Linköping, Linköping, Sweden.
    Genusrelaterade perspektiv på polisbilskörning2011Inngår i: Utryckningsföraren / [ed] Jörgen Lundälv, Gävle: Meyer , 2011, s. 54-65Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Pia, som inte riktigt förstått varför Peter gjort den där handbromsvändningen och inte förstår varför de har så bråttom, försöker bestämma sig för hur hon ska agera. Hon känner sig rädd av den höga farten bland alla bilar och människor och önskar att Peter ville ta det lite lugnare. Hon känner hur skräcken griper tag i henne men kan inte på ett medvetet plan bli klok på om det är den höga farten som skrämmer henne eller om det är tanken på att säga till Peter att sakta farten" (Maria Gustafsson i ett kapitel om hjärnan i boken).

  • 226.
    Balkmar, Dag
    Filosofiska fakulteten, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, Sweden.
    Implicit men in traffic safety discourse: A life course perspective on (auto)mobility, violations and interventions2007Inngår i: Norma, ISSN 1890-2138, E-ISSN 1890-2146, Vol. 2, nr 2, s. 127-143Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden is the first country in the world to have introduced the so-called Vision Zero (Nollvisionen): an ethical approach suggesting that road safety cannot be traded for mobility. Policy writings on traffic safety have so far been very limited in terms of explicitly addressing risk taking practices as mainly performed by men or as a way of performing masculinities. In this article I discuss how the gender-neutral language in traffic safety policy constructs adulthood as signifying maturity and good driving practices. In traffic safety policy, implicit adult men are contrasted against the young(er) drivers who are constructed as problematic to traffic safety. Rather than being about maturity or something that ‘just happens’ I suggest understanding (dangerous) driving as a repertoire for some men to perform masculinities linking it with power and entitlement.

    Still, not only dangerous driving practices per se are problematic to road safety. I argue that automobility needs to be understood as much more thoroughly affecting everyday life than is acknowledged in traffic safety discourse. A way of acknowledging the multiplicity of experiences and effects from automobility is to view it as a ‘process of damaging’. This perspective takes into consideration how automobility simultaneously enables and disables ‘safe’ mobility along lines of gender, age and able-bodiedness. Despite the fact that these problematic effects to some extent are acknowledged in policy, automobility remains a privileged mode of transportation in contemporary Sweden.

  • 227.
    Balkmar, Dag
    Tema Genus, University of Linköping, Linköping, Sweden.
    Kör så det ryker!: hälsorisker i samspelet mellan män, maskulinitet och bil2010Inngår i: Genus och kön inom medicin- och vårdutbildningar / [ed] Barbro Wijma, Goldina Smirthwaite, Katarina Swahnberg, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2010, 1, s. 401-413Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Kvinnor och män är delvis lika, delvis olika. Det innebär att kvinnor och män både har behov av likadan behandling och av behandling som är anpassad till det egna könets förutsättningar. Denna antologi belyser kvinnors och mäns förutsättningar och behov inom en rad olika medicinska områden och tar upp både biologiska och sociala faktorer som påverkar hälsa och behandling. Den behandlar även den roll som kön spelar inom vårdens arbetsliv samt hur köns- och genusperspektiv kan integreras inom olika typer av medicin- och vårdutbildningar. Ett av bokens teman är våld, kränkningar och diskriminering, och inom ramen för detta behandlas några av de olika maktordningar som kommer till uttryck vid behandlingar inom hälso- och sjukvården. Antologin har en stor spännvidd när det gäller ämnen och författare. Förhoppningsvis ska den bredd som antologin uppvisar, leda fram till frågeställningar där läsaren utmanar sina förgivettaganden inom både genusvetenskap och mer traditionell medicin samt väcka nya frågor: Om könet snarare ses som en konstruktion än en fysisk realitet - kan då kvinnor lika gärna äta mediciner som är utprovade på män och opereras med metoder och verktyg anpassade till mäns fysiologi? Å andra sidan - hur objektiv är den naturvetenskapligt inriktade medicinska forskningen egentligen om man börjar granska den utifrån frågeställningar om perspektivval och genus? Antologin vänder sig till lärare på utbildningar inom medicin, hälsa och vård. Andra målgrupper är studenter på sådana utbildningar, vårdpersonal och en intresserad allmänhet.

  • 228.
    Balkmar, Dag
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Långsamt våld: Om trafiken och klimatförändringarna2024Inngår i: Texter om våld, ISSN 2004-3775, nr 1, s. 80-86Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Trots att många städer och kommuner uppmanar sina invånare att cykla, gå och åka kollektivt för hälsans och miljöns skull, är bilen fortfarande det vanligaste transportmedlet i Sverige. Trots en ökad elektrifiering av bilflottan transporterar vi oss främst med hjälp av bensin- och dieseldrivna motorer, vilka släpper ut luftföroreningar som skadar vår hälsa och som bidrar till klimatförändringar. Vägtrafiken står för den största delen av energianvändningen från transporter i Sverige, över 60% av dessa står personbilstrafiken för. Den här texten handlar om vägtrafikens negativa inverkan på miljön och människors välbefinnande. Målet är att diskutera vad våld kan vara genom att beakta de växthusgasutsläpp och klimatförändringar som följer i vägtrafikens kölvatten, närmare bestämt som en form av långsamt våld. Att betona våldets långsamhet möjliggör att lyfta fram fenomen som vanligtvis inte förstås som våld, men som över tid kan ha synnerligen våldsamma effekter på såväl miljö, djur och människor. 

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Vi talar om våld. Hur kan vi förstå vad våld är?
  • 229.
    Balkmar, Dag
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Manliga maktdemonstrationer i trafiken2017Inngår i: Ikaros, ISSN 1796-1998, nr 3, s. 12-13Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 230.
    Balkmar, Dag
    Linköpings universitet, Tema Genus.
    Manlighetens pyspunka2009Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 231.
    Balkmar, Dag
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Masculinity and Autonomous Vehicles: From automotive emotions to transport robots2020Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 232.
    Balkmar, Dag
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Men, masculinities and motor vehicles: an unsustainable equation2014Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 233.
    Balkmar, Dag
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Men on the move: masculinities, (auto)mobility and car cultures2019Inngår i: Routledge International Handbook on Masculinity Studies / [ed] Lucas Gottzén, Ulf Mellström and Tamara Shefer, Abingdon Oxon/New York: Routledge, 2019Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    As more societies around the globe will have to reduce the dominance of motorized transport for more sustainable mobilities, masculinity studies have much to contribute towards engaging more fully with mobility and transport issues, not least the many ways in which technologies of movement relates to men, masculinities and (un)sustainable transport futures. Against this background, the chapter begins with a brief note on gendered mobilities and transport more generally, then moves on to discuss the connections between men, masculinity and automobility, followed by a section that focuses on driving, emotions and risk-taking. The chapter ends with a discussion on the implications of a transport future populated with increasingly automated vehicles, including what the implications for men and masculinities may be.

  • 234.
    Balkmar, Dag
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Män, maskulinitet och bilar: en fråga om makt2014Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 235.
    Balkmar, Dag
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Negotiating the ‘plastic rocket’: masculinity, car styling and performance in the Swedish modified car community2014Inngår i: Norma, ISSN 1890-2138, E-ISSN 1890-2146, Vol. 9, nr 3, s. 166-177Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article adds new knowledge on the ways that car modifiers negotiate their cars in elation to design, power and performance as qualities that make cars attractive. Inorder to understand the complex ways in which masculinity and cars co-constitute asculine subjectivities and communities, the article uses the modifier-car as a tool to discuss how certain ways of modifying and personifying cars create links between masculinity and cars at risk in male-dominated communities. Despite the fact that modified cars may share the looks and sounds of typical racing cars – and therefore appear to encompass some of the most convincing elements of power in automobile systems, namely the capacity for risk-taking – it is rather an alleged lack of power ascribed to some versions of modified cars –the plastic rocket–that stand out as a risk to constructions of modifier masculinity. Viewed as a feminized car, the plastic rocket has come to be negotiated as an inauthentic, foreign, powerless and vulgarexample of modifying cars compared to the Swedish modified car community’s working-class self-image. At the very core of the plastic rocket is a threat to modifier masculinity which is the inability to back up one’s looks with strength. It is argued that the discourses formed around the plastic rocket indicate ‘queer’ possibilities in the ways cars extend male bodies.

  • 236.
    Balkmar, Dag
    Tema Genus, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, Sweden.
    On Men and Cars: An Ethnographic Study of Gendered, Risky and Dangerous Relations2012Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    It is well known that young men constitute a high-risk group in terms of accidents involving both themselves and others. But comparatively little is known about the roles of gender, masculinity and automobility in reproducing or subverting such particularly risky performances of identity. The study aims to contribute to a deeper understanding of how gender, primarily masculinity, is interrelated with car-related identities, practices and material constructions. Contributing with qualitative insights, this study explores the ways in which gendered individuals and cars co-constitute one another in a particular context, the community of Swedish car modifiers. By using an ethnographic approach, this thesis investigates the lives of young and middle-aged car enthusiasts who invest considerable time, money, skill and passion in modifying, showing and driving their cars. The material stems from fieldwork carried out at car shows, in cars, on online modified-car forums and in garages between 2006 and 2008. In total, 53 men and 14 women between the ages of 19 and 60 make up the informants.

    The study shows how gender, in particular masculinity, is reproduced and negotiated in the modifiers’ attempts to become “unique” subjects through making their own versions of the car. Cars are not only a means of self-expression and constructing identity, but serve to build community and regulate relations between, primarily, men through competition at car shows and when driving. The study examines the reproduction of craftsmanship as a purified ideal that distinguishes car modifiers as a “special kind” of men, a figure that takes its form through intersecting imaginaries of Swedishness, class and masculinity. To rely on one’s own ideas and hands represented a more authentic way of creating one’s dream car in a heavily commercialised culture. Constructions of masculinity in driving are explored in its profoundly embodied, emotional and dangerous aspects developed in the context of men, cars and risk-taking. The personalised car is shown to generate different forms of risk-taking, which are also productive of counter-discourses on dangerous and risky driving.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 237.
    Balkmar, Dag
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    On the road to sustainable mobility: shared space, conflicts and micro-politics in everyday traffic interaction2014Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Contemporary transport policy interventions in Swedish cities have lately come to contest the car hegemony in favor for more sustainable ways of moving about. Cycling is often argued to be one of the answers to the problem of unsustainable automobility. However, when cyclists take up more space in traffic than before, conflicts appear. In Sweden, the media reporting’s goes as far as to speak about ‘cycling hate’ in some cities, to describe the antagonism between cyclists and car drivers and between cyclists and pedestrians. This project investigates what these everyday conflicts look like, the impact of gender and what gendered implications come to mean in the much needed change towards more sustainable mobility.

    Research on gender has much to benefit from engaging more in issues concerning sustainability and mobility. Both car travelling and the ideas of freedom and movement associated with the car are persistently linked to a masculine domain and masculine identity. Hence, a shift from cars to more sustainable mobility also encompasses related shifts in masculinities and men’s practices. Theoretically, the project links masculinity theory with the sociology of sensory mobilities, including theories on gendered risk-taking and gendered mobility more generally.

    The study analyzes cyclists and motorist’s narratives and embodied experiences of issues related to shared traffic space. The informants are (foremost) men of different age groups and family situations who commute by bike and car, or work as professional drivers. The material is generated by using ethnographic methods in two Swedish cities, Stockholm and Linköping. The questions asked relate to issues around entitlement to space, disciplinary practices, embodiment, cooperation and conflicts in traffic. In conclusion, the project presents an analysis of intersectional power orders with respect to gender, age, place and mobility, thus focusing on what happens when protected and unprotected road users are assumed to share and negotiate public space.

  • 238.
    Balkmar, Dag
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    On the road to sustainable mobility: shared space, gendered conflicts and micro-politics in everyday traffic interaction2014Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    When cyclists begin to take up more space in traffic than before, conflicts appear. In ‘cycling friendly’ Sweden, there have been media reports about hatred against cyclists when describing the antagonism between (male) cyclists and (male) car drivers, as well as between cyclists and pedestrians, in traffic-dense environments. Despite the current political renaissance of cycling in Sweden, the proportion of personal trips in which the bike is the main mode of transport has remained largely unchanged over the past fifteen years. This has in part been linked to cyclists’ experiences of insecurity in traffic space. Therefore, conflicts between more or less vulnerable road users are becoming increasingly important to investigate in a society where car normativity needs to be challenged in favor of more sustainable travel.

    The aim of this presentation is to, based on Swedish media material, interviews and cyclists online discussion-forums, present the risk-negotiations that cyclists perform and to discuss their situation in a car-normative environment from a gender and violence perspective. What forms of risk negotiations do cyclists perform in their everyday traffic environment? How can this be understood in relation to gender and violence? The presentation argues that cyclists are being positioned in contradictory ways: both as vulnerable and exposed, as well as particularly dangerous road users in need of disciplining and interventions. The results suggest that not only do cyclists negotiate their situation by viewing themselves as drivers would, namely as more or less invisible. They are also subjected to what has been called ‘cycling hate’: discursive and even physical violence directed towards cyclists for taking up ‘too much’ traffic space from motorists. Hence, the act of swapping our everyday modes of transport for more environmentally sustainable alternatives implies a challenge to normative assumptions in a car-normative environment, including shifts in, masculinities and men’s road practices.

  • 239.
    Balkmar, Dag
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Online risk-management: Cyclists negotiations of risk and safety in urban traffic space2015Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this presentation is to, based on ongoing research of Swedish media material and cyclists online discussion-forums, present the risk-management that cyclists perform and discuss the importance of online communities for shaping bicycle related communities, identities and activism promoting more cycling friendly cities. Apart from the different strategies used to cope with the vulnerabilities associated with being a cyclist, the analysis indicates an obvious ‘need’ to talk about what being a cyclist entails, as evident in the number of threads and blogs on everyday cycling experiences. Online ethnography makes possible to study how cyclists use new media to discuss their situation and claim their right to the road. It is argued that also in ‘cycling friendly’ Sweden, conflicts between more or less vulnerable road users are becoming increasingly important to investigate, including to analytically discuss intersecting power relations and inequalities related to gender, ethnicity, class and mobility at play in car normative spaces.

  • 240.
    Balkmar, Dag
    Linköpings universitet, Tema Genus.
    Online/Offline with Virtual Garages2009Inngår i: GEXcel work in progress report. Vol. 6, Proceedings from GEXcel theme 2: Deconstructing the hegemony of men and masculinities : conference 27-29 April 2009 / [ed] Alp Biricik and Jeff Hearn, Linköping: Linköping University , 2009, , s. 6s. 91-96Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 241.
    Balkmar, Dag
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Otrygg mobilitet: cyklisters förhandling av utsatthet och konflikter i trafiken2021Inngår i: (O)tryggt? Texter om makt, plats och motstånd / [ed] Malin Rönnblom, Ida Linander och Linda Sandberg, Stockholm: Premiss förlag, 2021, s. 259-277Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 242.
    Balkmar, Dag
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Riskfyllda relationer mellan män, maskulinitet och bilar2015Inngår i: Reflexen. En tidskrift om trafik, utveckling, människor och kunskap från Trafiktekniska Föreningen, ISSN 0284-0707, nr 3, s. 5-7Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    För de som är intresserade av samspelet mellan riskbenägenhet och kön/genus finns särskilt en relation som framstår som mer riskfylld än andra: män och bilar. Under senare år har mäns risktagande i trafiken uttryckligen formulerats som ett problem för en bristande trafiksäkerhet som får förödande konsekvenser för andra. Nationalföreningen för trafiksäkerhetens främjande (NTF) beskrev 2007 läget på följande vis: ”I den mån kvinnor förolyckas är det ofta män som kör ihjäl dem”. Vägverket (2003) uppskattade några år tidigare att grovt sett 90 procent av dödsolyckor med vägfordon orsakades av män. Mot denna bakgrund är det av vikt att förstå hur genus uttrycks genom bilar och hur bilar uttrycker genus. Det tycks föreligga ett flertal riskfyllda relationer att beakta som relaterar till bilkörning, bildesign och kön/genus. Här tas avstamp i mäns överrepresentation i olycksstatiken för att diskutera hur bilars design och kraft relaterar till kön, emotioner och makt.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 243.
    Balkmar, Dag
    Linköpings universitet, Linköping.
    Se upp - allt fler kvinnor kör som män!: Nollvisionen som diskurs och problemet män i trafiken2009Inngår i: Tidskrift för Genusvetenskap, ISSN 1654-5443, E-ISSN 2001-1377, nr 2-3, s. 97-118Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden is the first country in the world to have introduced the so-called Vision Zero (Nollvisionen). This is an ethical approach suggesting that road safety cannot be traded for mobility. Since the beginning of mass-motoring, men have been over-represented in traffic safety statistics, in terms of both ‘causing’ accidents and casualties. Against the background of the Swedish Vision Zero, it is quite extraordinary how little attention work on traffic safety has paid to men’s over-representation in Swedish fatal road accidents (90%), and (auto)mobility as a way of doing gender. The present article discusses how men and women driver subjects are produced through the Vision Zero discourse, with a particular focus on how men in traffic are constructed. This is important since such constructions and modes of address affect possible interventions and ‘solutions’ regarding road safety issues. Here I focus on three contemporary documents of policy making character or with general impact: first, the Governmental Act 2003 on road safety intervention; second, a report from the Swedish Road Administration which is applying a gender equality discourse on transport; and third a brochure issued by the Road Administration addressed to the everyday road user. These documents constitute case material that is illustrative of the Vision Zero as a generative apparatus of gender discourse. The article brings attention to the ambiguous ways in which the Vision Zero may, on the one hand, explicitly address men as problematic driver subjects, as an explicitly gendered high risk category; and, on the other, make men and masculine norms implicit through the rendering of young(er) driver subjects as problematic. This also involves pointing out women as an up and coming high risk category. To improve road safety, the discursive effects of this configuration suggest allocating responsibility partly to the ‘system’, partly to women driver subjects – in effect, to women who drive like men – rather than the men driver subjects.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 244.
    Balkmar, Dag
    Tema Genus, University of Linköping, Linköping, Sweden.
    Spinning around the ”lycra-lout”2009Inngår i: Centrum med många riktningar: en vänbok till Gunilla Bjerén, Stockholm: Stockholms universitet , 2009, s. 11-24Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This essay is politically and emotionally written in the vein of cycling, deeply intertwined with my own experiences of such a mundane, nevertheless risky, activity. Of late, cyclists have been regarded as disruptive and dangerous, and for at least a decade the cycling ”Lycra lout” has figured in Anglo-Saxon demonology. Simply put, ‘lycra lout’ is derogatory British slang for an arrogant, road-hogging cyclist supposedly sporty dressed up wearing lycra. In a Swedish context, we may talk of a similar figure, namely “cykelmarodören”, stylishly forcing his way through the busy streets of Stockholm city. Refusing wearing lycra, simply because it would make me look ridiculous, the joys I experience from scooting up the outer lane onto the oncoming traffic would nevertheless make me into a ‘lout’ - at least from the perspective of car drivers. Traffic, the scene of encounters through which I pedal my speedy bike affords not only excitements, it also brings relaxations. I write this text with a feeling of rest throughout my body –a welcomed reward the activity of cycling brings to wind up bodies located within academia. However, writing from the perspective of a male cyclist, this essay aims at bringing attention to risks and risk taking as a traditional aspect of performing masculine behaviour - to prove skill and potency - for example through sorting out a difficult and risky traffic situation.

  • 245.
    Balkmar, Dag
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Too many women?: Women and gender (in)equality in Swedish media2017Inngår i: Gender Equality and the Media: A Challenge for Europe / [ed] Karen Ross and Claudia Padovani, Abingdon Oxon/New York: Routledge, 2017, 1, s. 208-219Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 246.
    Balkmar, Dag
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap. Centre for Feminist Social Studies.
    Towards an Intersectional Approach to Men, Masculinities and (Un)sustainable Mobility: The Case of Cycling and Modal Conflicts2019Inngår i: Integrating Gender into Transport Planning : From One to Many Tracks / [ed] Christina Lindkvist Scholten and Tanja Joelsson, Basingstoke & New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2019, 1, s. 199-220Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter discusses cycling promotion and modal conflicts in public space with a particular focus on men, masculinities and transport planning. It draws on three inter-related examples: interviews with cyclists about cycling; media reports on cycling; and cyclists’ online discussions on vulnerability. The first two examples illustrate how men and masculinities can be framed as both solutions and obstacles to achieving more sustainable mobilities through more cycling. The third example demonstrates how cycling implies a particularly vulnerable and conflicting position in the traffic hierarchy with implications for men and masculinities. The conflicts over urban space exemplified here illustrate how traditional transport planning has prioritized automobility and, by doing so, reproduced male norms in the transport sector. It is argued that using an intersectional analytical lens can be a fruitful way to challenge existing norms.

  • 247.
    Balkmar, Dag
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Vi talar om våld: Hur kan vi förstå vad våld är?2024Collection/Antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Varför är det viktigt att diskutera vad våld är? Ett svar är att det finns många olika sätt att förstå och analysera våld. Vissa betonar strukturella förklaringar till våld, med emfas på maktrelationer mellan män och kvinnor, andra betonar i stället individuella förklaringar, med fokus på förövarens egenskaper och karaktär. Klart är att våld tar sig många olika uttryck, exempelvis statligt våld, ekonomiskt våld, terrorism, interpersonellt våld, gängvåld, hatbrott, nätbaserat våld, och stalkning. Våld kan utövas mellan stater, mellan grupper, och mellan människor och på en mängd olika arenor. Kort sagt, vad som förstås som våld beror på vilket perspektiv som tillämpas och kan förändras över tid och rum. För att kunna motverka våld behöver vi därför diskutera och ibland utmana etablerade definitioner och förståelser av våld. I det här numret av tidskriften texter om våld har vi bjudit in forskare inom CVS att bidra till dessa diskussioner.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Vi talar om våld: Hur kan vi förstå vad våld är?
  • 248.
    Balkmar, Dag
    Stockholms universitet, Stockholm.
    VINNOVAs FoU-verksamhet ur ett jämställdhetsperspektiv. Yrkesverksamma disputerade kvinnor och män i VINNOVAs verksamhetsområde2006Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Kvinnor är fortfarande i minoritet bland disputerade och inom det tekniska området finns särskilt få disputerade yrkesverksamma kvinnor. Kvantitativ översyn ur ett jämställdhetsperspektiv av regioner, samhällsområden och branscher där disputerade kvinnor förvärvsarbetar och jämför med de regioner, samhällsområden och branscher som VINNOVA tilldelar forskningsmedel.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 249.
    Balkmar, Dag
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Violent Mobilities: Men, Masculinities and Intermodal Conflicts in Sweden2017Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This presentation focuses on violence(s) in traffic space as a gendered problem. It draws on qualitative online studies and interviews with cyclists about their experiences of motorists’ violent practices, including cyclists’ negotiations of anti-cyclist discourses and their coping strategies. It is argued that automobility makes it possible for certain men to perform their ‘right to the road’, including gender-identity-shaping practices, and that this has the negative effect of violating cyclists’ bodily integrity. It follows that a shift from cars to more sustainable mobilities also demands related shifts in masculinities and men’s practices in the context of transport and traffic.

  • 250.
    Balkmar, Dag
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap. Centre for Feminist Social Studies.
    Violent mobilities: men, masculinities and road conflicts in Sweden2018Inngår i: Mobilities, ISSN 1745-0101, E-ISSN 1745-011X, Vol. 13, nr 5, s. 717-732Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article focuses on violence(s) in traffic space as a gendered problem. It draws upon qualitative online studies and interviews with cyclists about their experiences of motorists’ violent practices, including cyclists’ negotiations of anti-cyclist discourses and their coping strategies. It is argued that automobility makes it possible for certain men to perform their ‘right to the road,’ including gender-identity-shaping practices, and that this has the negative effect of violating cyclists’ bodily integrity. It follows that a shift from cars to more sustainable mobilities also demands related shifts in masculinities and men’s practices in the context of transport and traffic.

2345678 201 - 250 of 2663
RefereraExporteraLink til resultatlisten
Permanent link
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annet format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annet språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf