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  • 201.
    Andersen, Jon Aarum
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    A rejoinder on managerial discretion: Andersen (2017) vs Haj Youssef and Teng (2019)2020Inngår i: Corporate Governance : The International Journal of Effective Board Performance, ISSN 1472-0701, E-ISSN 1758-6054, Vol. 20, nr 2, s. 193-200Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: This paper aims to demonstrate the efforts of Hay Youssef and Tang (2019) to reaffirm the importance of managerial discretion is unsuccessful.

    Design/methodology/approach: Theoretical frameworks from traditional and recent literature on the concept of managerial discretion are related to corporate governance scholarship.

    Findings: There are in fact no studies on managerial discretion based on explicit theoretical and empirical definitions and thus no studies published which have measured the degrees of managers’ discretion. The conclusion is that the inability to define the notion of managerial discretion is tantamount to the inability to research it.

    Practical implications: Research on managerial discretion does not provide any advice to owners and directors of boards on granting top executives a high or a low degree of discretion.

    Originality/value: This paper reaffirms the conclusion ofAndersen (2017) that corporate governance scholarship will improve if it abandons the concept of managerial discretion.

  • 202.
    Andersen, Jon Aarum
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet. Ljubljana University, Ljubljana, Slovenia.
    An old man and the 'Sea of Leadership'2016Inngår i: Journal of Leadership Studies, ISSN 1935-2611, E-ISSN 1935-262X, Vol. 9, nr 4, s. 70-81Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Leadership has been a scientific discipline for over 100 years. The magnitude of research has increased tremendously. Many different objects of study related to leadership have been investigated with the ambition to solve a variety of problems that appear to be more or less relevant for those in leadership positions. In the current article, the author provides one person's description of eight specific areas of leadership scholarship throughout all these years and how he has reflected upon these theories in light of this fundamental question: what has leadership research really accomplished? These considerations on leadership theories are a product of a lifetime spent on leadership research.

  • 203.
    Andersen, Jon Aarum
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Barking up the wrong tree: on the fallacies of the transformational leadership theory2015Inngår i: Leadership & Organization Development Journal, ISSN 0143-7739, E-ISSN 1472-5347, Vol. 36, nr 6, s. 765-777Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to illustrate that the magnitude of interest in and of enthusiasm for transformational leadership is out of proportion with its weaknesses.

    Findings: The theory has some grave problems: there are conceptual limitations; managerial leadership is conflated with political leadership; the theory is presented as a universal as well as a contingency theory; the claim that transformational leaders are more effective is not empirically supported; and the use of the term “followers” rather than “subordinates” creates confusion in the study of formal organizations. Finally, and perhaps most fundamentally, does transformational leadership theory qualify as a managerial leadership theory?

    Research limitations/implications: Transformational leadership is a political leadership theory and thus less relevant for managerial leadership.

    Originality/value: This paper addresses the theoretical limitations of the transformational leadership theory as well as the lack of empirical support regarding the effectiveness of transformational leaders.

  • 204.
    Andersen, Jon Aarum
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    How organisation theory supports corporate governance scholarship2015Inngår i: Corporate Governance : The International Journal of Effective Board Performance, ISSN 1472-0701, E-ISSN 1758-6054, Vol. 15, nr 4, s. 530-545Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – This paper aims to show how organisation theory can be used to understand the controversy between the shareholder and the stakeholder perspectives. Rationalistic and open system theories may enhance research on corporate governance by offering well-defined concepts and by specifying core relationships.

    Design/methodology/approach – This paper applies descriptions of the two perspectives in organisation theory as a “method” for illustrating how they are linked to and support the shareholder versus the stakeholder perspectives.

    Findings – The controversy stems from the fact that the shareholder and the stakeholder perspectives address different relationships. The shareholder perspective captures two relationships that accord with rationalistic organisation theory: shareholders are managing the managers and the organisation, and managers are managing the corporation on behalf of the owners. The stakeholder perspective focuses on three relationships that are not concordant with system theory: managers are managing the shareholders (i.e. the symbolic management of stockholders), managers are managing the corporation (i.e. general management theory) and managers are managing the stakeholders.

    Research limitations/implications – Organisation theory provides suggestions for more fruitful definitions of the often-used concepts of direction, control, administration and influence. These terms may be substituted with the well-defined concepts of management, power and control.

    Practical implications – Proponents of organisation theory find it theoretically difficult to deal with the topic of corporate governance, if they do at all. When they do, they do it only perfunctorily.

    Originality/value – Organisation theory may strengthen research on corporate governance if we insist on both theoretical clarifications of major relationships and on the use of more strictly defined concepts.

  • 205.
    Andersen, Jon Aarum
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    It all starts with the goal2016Inngår i: Dynamic relationships management journal, ISSN 2232-5867, E-ISSN 2350-367X, Vol. 5, nr 1, s. 21-34Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this article is to show that three basic concepts in the fields of organization research, corporate governance, management and leadership research come together theoretically. The concepts of goal, activity and goal-attainment constitute a commonality between them. The theoretical bounds are, however, not evident in all writings. The field of organizational research contains as basic concepts owners and goal, while corporate governance deals with the relationship between owners (shareholders), executives and stakeholders. Additionally, the management discipline pertains to an organization to be managed on behalf of the owners. Numerous leadership theories address the behaviors and activities of managers related to goal-attainment. Highlighting these common grounds could help progress in research in one field to be beneficial in the other research areas. They all come together: the fields of organization, corporate governance, management, and theories of leadership. It all starts with the goal of the owners, and it ends with goal-attainment.

  • 206.
    Andersen, Jon Aarum
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Ladies and gentlemen: leadership has left the building2014Inngår i: Leadership and the humanities, ISSN 2050-8735, Vol. 2, nr 2, s. 94-107Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Leadership scholars tend to conflate managerial leadership with leadership of political, humanitarian or religious movements. Thus, definitions of formal leadership (management) versus political leadership are called for. For theoretical development and empirical research, it is imperative to distinguish managerial leadership from political leadership. What properties must exist for leadership to exist and to be what it is? The argument here is that leader, subordinates and tasks are the properties that must exist for managerial leadership to exist. Political leadership, however, contains the properties of leader, leader's goals and followers. The political leadership concept does not specify any tasks assigned to the followers. Additionally, some leadership researchers argue that we need to rethink leadership by making or changing leadership into a question of the science of philosophy, as though questions of ontology and epistemology were especially imperative or crucial for leadership research. Some argue that leadership scholars should be philosophers and supreme experts on scientific methods. Finally, an answer is given to those few researchers who have questioned the very existence of leadership.

  • 207.
    Andersen, Jon Aarum
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Leadership research and the oldest crime2017Inngår i: Dynamic relationships management journal, ISSN 2232-5867, E-ISSN 2350-367X, Vol. 6, nr 1, s. 3-14Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In management and leadership scholarships, organisations are often regarded as entities established as vehicles for the owners so that the owners can achieve their goals. Arguably, the purpose of managerial leadership research is to provide managers with knowledge which benefits organisations. The purpose of this article is to assess whether current managerial leadership research is relevant and helpful to managers or not. Five studies (March & Sutton, 1997; Collins, 2001; Richard et al., 2009; Hiller et al., 2011; Andersen, 2013), which contain data from a total of 2,479 articles, have revealed that the relationship between formal leadership (management) and organisational effectiveness is seldom studied. When effectiveness is addressed it is rarely defined and almost never measured. It is, indeed, no surprise that six studies (Burack, 1979; Calas & Smircich, 1988; Astley & Zamuto, 1992; House & Aditya, 1997; Ghoshal, 2005; Brownlie et al., 2008) have shown that managers regard leadership research both irrelevant and useless.

  • 208.
    Andersen, Jon Aarum
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet. Institutionen för organisation och entreprenörskap (OE), Linnéuniversitetet, Växjö, Sweden.
    Leadership research: Where irrelevance prevails2013Inngår i: Dynamic relationships management journal, ISSN 2232-5867, E-ISSN 2350-367X, Vol. 2, nr 2, s. 3-14Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Is contemporary managerial leadership research relevant and helpful to managers? Arguably, managers’ main task and prime concern is to contribute to the attainment of organisational goals, i.e., to enhance organizational effectiveness. On the basis of this premise of relevance, a survey of 105 research articles published in two international journals year 2011 reveals that researchers did not address this question. In these articles the term ‘effectiveness’ occurred about one time for every 1000 words. In the 105 articles effectiveness was seldom defined and never measured. If managers‘ prime concern is to contribute to organizational effectiveness, then there is no surprise that several scholars have found that managers regard leadership research irrelevant and useless.

  • 209.
    Andersen, Jon Aarum
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Leadership scholarship: all bridges have been burned2016Inngår i: Leadership and the humanities, ISSN 2050-8727, E-ISSN 2050-8735, Vol. 4, nr 2, s. 108-125Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to enhance the understanding of the present state of leadership scholarship by describing similarities between leadership theories and underlining significant differences between them. Based on four criteria, two broad groups of leadership theories are identifiable. These two groups are fundamentally different with respect to the conceptions of both organisations and leadership. While one group of theories concentrates on descriptions and understandings of leadership processes, the other group emphasises causal relationships between leadership and organisational outcomes. A critical result of the divergent emphases is that the theoretical relationships between these two groups of scholarship appear to have ended. Advancements in one area may no longer be beneficial to other areas. This article stresses that it is necessary to come to grips with the consequences of the present fissured state in leadership research.

  • 210.
    Andersen, Jon Aarum
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Managerial Grid2013Inngår i: Encyclopedia of Management Theory, Sage Publications, 2013, 1, s. 474-475Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In discussing a management topic, scholars, educators, practitioners, and the media often toss out the name of a theorist (Taylor, Simon, Weber) or make a sideways reference to a particular theory (bureaucracy, total quality management, groupthink) and move on, as if assuming their audience possesses the necessary background to appreciate and integrate the reference. This is often far from the case. Individuals are frequently forced to seek out a hodgepodge of sources varying in quality and presentation to provide an overview of a particular idea. This work is designed to serve as a core reference for anyone interested in the essentials of contemporary management theory. Drawing together a team of international scholars, it examines the global landscape of the key theories and the theorists behind them, presenting them in the context needed to understand their strengths and weaknesses to thoughtfully apply them. In addition to interpretations of long-established theories, it also offers essays on cutting-edge research as one might find in a handbook. And, like an unabridged dictionary, it provides concise, to-the-point definitions of key concepts, ideas, schools, and figures.   

  • 211.
    Andersen, Jon Aarum
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Managers' Motivation Profiles: Measurement and Application2018Inngår i: SAGE Open, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 8, nr 2, artikkel-id 2158244018771732Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    To promote leadership research on managers' motivation, a measurement (Andersen Motivation Profile Indicator [AMPI]) has been developed and tested that (a) measures achievement, affiliation, and power motivation; (b) measures the relative strengths of these factors; (c) rests explicitly on the definitions of McClelland; and (d) measures managers' work motivation. The questionnaire has been tested for reliability and validity with responses from 580 managers. The application of the instrument in four studies with responses from 565 managers in other organizations supported McClelland's theoretical claims: (a) managers have motivation profiles, (b) there are differences in motivation profiles between managers across organizational types, (c) there are no significant differences in motivation profiles between female and male managers, and (d) managers who are predominantly power motivated enhance organizational effectiveness. Arguably, the application of the instrument may be an indicator of its quality. The instrument facilitates leadership research on the relationship between managers' motivation profiles and organizational specifics, gender, sociocultural factors, and organizational outcomes.

  • 212.
    Andersen, Jon Aarum
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    On “followers” and the inability to define2019Inngår i: Leadership & Organization Development Journal, ISSN 0143-7739, E-ISSN 1472-5347, Vol. 40, nr 2, s. 274-284Artikkel, forskningsoversikt (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Scholars’ability to do research based on the notions of “follower” and “followership” is questioned when studying formal leadership in organizations. The paper aims to discuss this issue.

    Design/methodology/approach: Critical comments are presented on the usefulness of the notions of followers and followership.

    Findings: There are no evidence that followership exists other than some scholars’ perception of something that they have been unable to define. The conclusion is that the inability to define these notions is tantamount to the inability to research them.

    Research limitations/implications: The literature review contains no new empirical data.

    Originality/value: The paper stresses that study objects which are not theoretically and empirically defined cannot be investigated

  • 213.
    Andersen, Jon Aarum
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Organisational learning: Theoretical shortcomings and practical challenges2014Inngår i: Dynamic relationships management journal, ISSN 2232-5867, E-ISSN 2350-367X, Vol. 3, nr 1, s. 31-42Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper addresses two problems related to learning and the use of knowledge at work. The first problem is the theoretical shortcomings stemming from the controversy between three different concepts of ‘organisational learning.’ In order to enhance scholarship in this field the notion that organisations - as organisations - can learn need to be rejected for theoretical and empirical reasons. The metaphorical use of ‘organisational learning’ creates only confusion. Learning is a process and knowledge is the outcome of that process. It is argued that learning and knowledge is only related to individuals. Knowledge is thus the individual capability to draw distinctions, within a domain of action, based on an appreciation of context or theory. Consequently, knowledge becomes organisational when it is created, developed and transmitted to other individuals in the organisation. In a strict sense knowledge becomes organisational when employees use it and act based on generalisations due to the rules and procedures found in their organisation. The gravest problem is practical challenges due to the fact that the emphasis on learning, knowledge and competence of the working force do not materialize in the application of the knowledge acquired. It is evident that employees do not use their increased knowledge. However, we do not know why they do not use it. An enormous waste of money is spent on learning and knowledge in organisations which does not yield what is expected. How can managers act in order to enhance the application of increased knowledge possessed by the workforce?

  • 214.
    Andersen, Jon Aarum
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Owners vs executives and decisions vs control2019Inngår i: Corporate Governance : The International Journal of Effective Board Performance, ISSN 1472-0701, E-ISSN 1758-6054, Vol. 19, nr 3, s. 458-470Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose Some scholars have claimed that CEOs make decisions, while boards of directors control these decisions by applying the concepts of decision management and decision control. These concepts were suggested more than 30 years ago and are still applied in corporate governance research. They are now challenged on the basis of scholarship on corporate governance and management. Design/methodology/approach Corporate governance addresses the authority and responsibility that boards of directors and executives have. Management theory addresses planning and control in corporations. Findings The relationship between the owners (the boards of directors) and the top managers is hierarchical. This paper concludes that owners or boards of directors make decisions on main and strategic goals. Decisions cannot be controlled, but the implementation and outcomes of plans can. The latter is managers' responsibility. The terms "decision management" and "decision control" are undefined and do not describe what takes place in organizations. Originality/value Management theory offers clear definitions of decisions, decision-making and control. The concepts of decision management (initiation and implementation) and decision control (ratification and monitoring) neither properly describe who makes major and strategic decisions nor how and who controls the consequences of these decisions.

  • 215.
    Andersen, Jon Aarum
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet. Lilllehammer University College, Lillehammer, Norway.
    Public Managers: Their behavior, their change potential and the behavior of women and men in public organizations2012Inngår i: Uprava / Administration, ISSN 1581-7555, Vol. 10, nr 3, s. 25-38Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This survey article addresses three questions based on the assumption that significant differences exist between public and private organizations. If this assumption is correct managerial and leadership behavior will differ between public and private managers. Additionally, the propensity to change will also differ between public and private managers. Since a number of studies indicate that managers’ leadership behavior in public organizations differ from that of private managers, difference and similarities in leadership behavior between women and men in public organizations are examined. Three studies are presented here which show that public and private managers have different behavioral patterns of leadership. However, public managers turn out to be more change-oriented than business managers. In the public organizations investigated no differences in leadership behavior between women and men were found.

  • 216.
    Andersen, Jon Aarum
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Servant leadership and transformational leadership: from comparisons to farewells2018Inngår i: Leadership & Organization Development Journal, ISSN 0143-7739, E-ISSN 1472-5347, Vol. 39, nr 6, s. 762-774Artikkel, forskningsoversikt (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to question the usefulness of comparisons between theories on servant leadership and transformational leadership.

    Design/methodology/approach: A review of scholarly works on these two theories is presented from the original works of Greenleaf, Burns and Bass to the current research.

    Findings: Based on the four categories of construct clarity, two competing alternatives are identifiable in the scholarship of both servant and transformational leadership. There are thus 16 versions of each theory.

    Research limitations/implications: The literature review contains no new empirical data. The many versions available today of each theory do not make comparisons meaningful. The prevalence of several versions of theories on servant leadership and transformational leadership implies that they are no longer specific and useful theories.

    Originality/value: Critical comments are presented on the usefulness of comparisons between servant leadership and transformational leadership. Thus, the value of these theories is also questioned.

  • 217.
    Andersen, Jon Aarum
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet. Ekonomihögskolan (ELNU), Linnéuniversitetet, Växjö, Sweden.
    Seven pitfalls in organisation literature2012Inngår i: Dynamic relationships management journal, ISSN 2232-5867, E-ISSN 2350-367X, Vol. 1, nr 1, s. 48-59Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Current organisation literature is rife with several incorrect and confusing assertions which continually create problems for students and researchers alike. Seven of these unfortunate beliefs are presented here and provocatively called ‘pitfalls’. The aim of this article is to draw attention to some of these theoretically incorrect assertions and how they can be avoided in scholarly work. The implications for managers are also presented.

  • 218.
    Andersen, Jon Aarum
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    The concept of managerial discretion in corporate governance - better off without it?2017Inngår i: Corporate Governance : The International Journal of Effective Board Performance, ISSN 1472-0701, E-ISSN 1758-6054, Vol. 17, nr 3, s. 574-587Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: This paper aims to assess the concept of managerial discretion with respect to itstheoretical and empirical usefulness for corporate governance research.

    Design/methodology/approach: This paper scrutinises applied theoretical claims, definitions andmethods, as well as a number of empirical studies on managerial discretion.

    Findings: To date, no empirical definition of the concept has been presented and no measurementhas been developed and tested for reliability and validity that contains all three factors of the managerialdiscretion concept, as proposed by Hambrick and Finkelstein (1987).

    Practical implications: Research on managerial discretion does not provide owners and directors ofboards with any advice on granting top managers a high or low degree of discretion.

    Originality/value: This paper concludes that corporate governance scholarship will improve if itabandons the concept of managerial discretion.

  • 219.
    Andersen, Jon Aarum
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Trust in Managers Revisited: Antecedents, Mediating Factors, and Consequences2019Inngår i: Dynamic relationships management journal, ISSN 2232-5867, E-ISSN 2350-367X, Vol. 8, nr 2, s. 65-73Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The first purpose of this paper is to find the reasons why subordinates trust their managers in private organizations. The second purpose is related to whether there are national differences in the degree of subordinates’ trust in their managers. Studies from two European countries are presented which were based on the same instrument for measuring subordinates’ trust. These studies concluded that managers’ actions are the antecedent to trust. Managers are, however, trusted to different degrees. It appears that managers need to show by their actions that they trust their subordinates, offer help and guidance, show appreciation to the subordinates, and solve problems adequately. The antecedent was the managers’ proximity to the subordinates. Other studies found more antecedents. Additionally, a number of positive consequences of trust in managers – reported in other studies – are work performance, job satisfaction, and subordinates’ motivation. Some questions regarding trust in managers still need answers. They are formulated but not answered in this paper. 

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    TRUST IN MANAGERS REVISITED ‐ ANTECEDENTS, MEDIATING FACTORS, AND CONSEQUENCE
  • 220.
    Andersen, Jon Aarum
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet. Lilllehammer University College, Lillehammer, Norway.
    When the servant-leader comes knocking …2009Inngår i: Leadership & Organization Development Journal, ISSN 0143-7739, E-ISSN 1472-5347, Vol. 30, nr 1, s. 4-15Artikkel, forskningsoversikt (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to scrutinise the concept of servant leadership from a business administration (management) point-of-view.

    Design/methodology/approach: A review of scholarly works on servant-leadership is presented.

    Findings: A generally accepted definition of servant-leadership is not available. There are no generally accepted instruments for measuring servant-leadership. It is unclear whether some leaders are servant-leaders while others are not, and whether leaders can be servant-leaders to different degrees. The positive effects of servant-leadership on organisational outcomes, a consideration highly relevant to management, have not been empirically established. Some studies have shown negative effects of servant-leadership on organisational effectiveness.

    Research limitations/implications: This literature review contains no empirical data.

    Practical implications: The argument that servant-leaders should be in charge of private companies and public organisations appears to be contrary to theoretical and empirical considerations. Servant-leaders, whose concerns are primarily focused on subordinates rather than customers (or citizens), are hardly able to attain organisational goals.

    Originality/value: The paper offers critical comments on the conceptual and empirically usefulness of servant-leadership when applied to business enterprises and public agencies.

  • 221.
    Andersen, Jon Aarum
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet. School of Management and Economics, Växjö University, Växjö, Sweden.
    Your favourite manager is an organisational disaster2006Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 222.
    Andersen, Jon Aarum
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet. Faculty of Social Sciences, Lillehammer University College, Lillehammer, Norway.
    Hansson, Per
    Department of Education, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    At the end of the road?: On differences between women and men in leadership behavior2011Inngår i: Leadership & Organization Development Journal, ISSN 0143-7739, E-ISSN 1472-5347, Vol. 32, nr 5, s. 328-341Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – This study aims to explore behavioural differences between women and men in managerial positions and suggest explanations for differences and similarities.

    Design/methodology/approach – In order to eliminate any effects of organizational differences on leadership behaviour, this study had public managers responding to questionnaires that measured their leadership style, decision-making style, and motivation profile.

    Findings – Statistical analyses of data from three groups of Swedish public managers (n=385) revealed virtually no significant differences in behaviour between female and male managers. Regardless of whether there is a female or male majority of employees or a female or male majority of managers, no effect on leadership behaviour occurs.

    Originality/value – A number of studies indicate that managers' behaviour is different in different types of organizations. This study suggests, therefore, that, independent of gender, organizational and demographic characteristics modify leadership behaviours, thus explaining similarities in leadership behaviour.

  • 223.
    Andersen, Jon Aarum
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet. Lillehammer University College, Lillehammer, Norway.
    Kovac, Jure
    University of Maribor, Maribor, Slovenia.
    Why European subordinates trust their managers2012Inngår i: Organizacija, ISSN 1318-5454, E-ISSN 1581-1832, Vol. 45, nr 6, s. 300-309Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article addresses the problem of why subordinates trust their managers based on the responses from 108 subordinatesof seven Slovenian managers and from 138 subordinates of eight Swedish managers. The subordinates of these managersresponded to a 20-item instrument tested for reliability and validity. In both samples the managers enjoyed different degreesof trust. The level of trust vested in Slovenian managers was higher than in Swedish ones. The kinds of managers’ actions thatenhanced trust were similar amongst Swedish and Slovenian subordinates. Different socio-cultural contexts may theoreticallyexplain why some other kinds of actions had contrasting effects between the samples. On the whole, the actions of managersexplain trust in both countries. Subordinates’ trust in managers declines with the increasing hierarchical distance in bothnational samples. Managers need to show in action that they trust their subordinates, promote their interests, demonstrateappreciation of their subordinates, and solve problems.

  • 224.
    Andersen, Jon Aarum
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet. Lillehammer University College, Lillehammer, Norway.
    Vanebo, Jan Ole
    Nord-Trøndelag University College (HiNT), Steinkjer, Norway.
    Principles of public management in Scandinavian countries: A theoretical assessment2014Inngår i: International Public Administration Review, ISSN 2335-3414, E-ISSN 2385-9717, Vol. 12, nr 1, s. 9-22Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In the Scandinavian countries, policy documents have been developed to strengthen leadership practices in the public sector. The policy documents ‘Code for Chief Executive Excellence’ (Denmark) and ‘Leadership in Norway’s Civil Service’ pertain to how the public sector ought to be managed. This article addresses two problems concerning these documents. To what degree does New Public Management (NPM) influence them? To what degree does management and leadership theory and research support the principles proposed by these documents? This article concludes that NPM has had a significant impact on public management in the Scandinavian countries. These policy  documents are based on leadership research and are in accordance with mainstream management theory. The idea of formulating a principle of management that would characterize the classical contributions is also evident in these documents.

  • 225.
    Andersen, Steffen
    et al.
    Department of Finance, Copenhagen Business School, Copenhagen, Denmark .
    Cox, James C.
    Department of Economics and Experimental Economics Center, Andrew Young School of Policy Studies, Georgia State University, USA.
    Harrison, Glenn W.
    Department of Risk Management & Insurance and Center for the Economic Analysis of Risk, Robinson College of Business, Georgia State University, USA .
    Lau, Morten I.
    Department of Economics, Copenhagen Business School, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Rutström, Elisabet
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet. Center for the Economic Analysis of Risk, Robinson College of Business, Georgia State University, USA; Department of Economics, Stockholm School of Economics, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Sadiraj, Vjollca
    Department of Economics and Experimental Economics Center, Andrew Young School of Policy Studies, Georgia State University, USA.
    Asset Integration and Attitudes toward Risk: Theory and Evidence2018Inngår i: Review of Economics and Statistics, ISSN 0034-6535, E-ISSN 1530-9142, Vol. 100, nr 5, s. 816-830Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    We provide evidence that choices over small stakes bets are consistent with assumptions of some payoff calibration paradoxes. We then exploit the existence of detailed information on individual wealth of our experimental subjects in Denmark, and directly estimate risk attitudes and the degree of asset integration. We discover that behavior is consistent with partial, rather than full, asset integration. The implied risk attitudes from estimating these specifications indicate risk premia and certainty equivalents that are a priori plausible. This theory and evidence suggest one constructive solution to payoff calibration paradoxes.

  • 226.
    Anderson, Hanna
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Fastlind, Victoria
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Hanteringsstrategier och relationer mellangrupper: - en kvalitativ studie om kvinnliga chefers hantering av utmaningar påen mansdominerad arbetsplats2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Hanteringsstrategier och relationer mellan grupper
  • 227.
    Anderson, Helén
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Växjö, Sweden.
    Dahlin, Peter
    Mälardalen University, Västerås, Sweden.
    Havila, Virpi
    Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Holtström, Johan
    Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Öberg, Christina
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Including customers and suppliers in the understanding of mergers and acquisitions2015Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 228.
    Anderson, Helén
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Växjö, Sweden.
    Dahlin, Peter
    Mälardalen University, Västerås, Sweden.
    Havila, Virpi
    Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Holtström, Johan
    Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Öberg, Christina
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    The Stake of Customers and Suppliers in Mergers and Acquisitions2016Inngår i: SMS 36th Annual Conference, 2016Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    For a firm, customers and suppliers are important stakeholders in their business activities, including such strategic activities as mergers and acquisitions. But how has this been depicted in previous research? In this paper we review articles on mergers and acquisitions to find out in what way customers and suppliers are recognized in the research on mergers and acquisitions. The paper is a review of 1,632 articles. The analysis proposes six categories: customers and suppliers in vertical integration; customers as an aggregated market; customers and suppliers as resources; customers (and suppliers) being affected by changed market conditions; the merger or acquisition following from or leading to power imbalances in relationships to customers/suppliers; and customers and suppliers as actors or reactors.

  • 229.
    Andersson, Agnes
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Bylin, Louise
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    ”Lägg dig inte i för mycket men se till att alla trivs”: Konsten att vara chef för högutbildade medarbetare2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 230.
    Andersson, Agnes
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Sletten, Amanda
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Det Hälsofrämjande Ledarskapet: Att leda med hälsa som drivkraft - En kvalitativ studie2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 231.
    Andersson, Alexander
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Arnelund, Johannes
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Eriksson, Love
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Användbarhetstest av Journalen, analyserat utifrån Nielsens riktlinjer för god design - En jämförelse mellan aktuell (2022) och föregående (2021) version av ehälsotjänsten Journalen2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 232.
    Andersson, Alexander
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Nygren, Nils
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Konflikter och dess hantering En studie om konflikttyper och hanteringen av dessa inom svenska tjänsteorganisationer ur chefers perspektiv2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 233.
    Andersson, Alexander
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Nygren, Nils
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Påverkar kundnöjdhet och lojalitet lönsamhet?: En studie inom den svenska bankbranschen2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
  • 234.
    Andersson, Alice
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Hammarberg, Jenny
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Matsson, Anna
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Legitimitetsarbete genom hållbarhetsredovisning: En kvalitativ studie kring köttindustrins hållbarhetsredovisning och legitimitetsbyggande gentemot sina intressenter2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 235.
    Andersson, Alva
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Andersson, Daniel
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Hur användningen av ett socialt intranät påverkar en organisation: En fallstudie hos Skandiamäklarna2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 236.
    Andersson, Amanda
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Fohlin, Sandra
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    En jämförande studie om hur phishing motverkas teoretiskt kontra praktiskt: Teori kontra verklighet2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 237.
    Andersson, Andreas
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Håkansson, Erik
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Ström, Martin
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Säkerhet & Människan - Hur olika faktorer påverkar säkerhet och medvetenhet inom verksamheter2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 238.
    Andersson, Andreas
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Le, Quyet
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Lönebildningen för läkare i Sverige2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 239.
    Andersson, Anna
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Westlund, Christina
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Cash is king: En studie om konsumentbarriärerna som bevarar den rådande kontantanvändningen2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
  • 240.
    Andersson, Annika
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Digital divides revisited: towards a model for analysis2004Inngår i: Electronic government: Proceedings of the third international conference, EGOV 2004, Zaragoza, Spain, August 30 - September 3, 2004 / [ed] Roland Traunmüller, Berlin: Springer , 2004, s. 289-292Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a model for categories of divides, and how these categories are interrelated. The factors are found by a literature study from different countries attempting to measure various divides. The model is based on earlier research on the ‘divide’ and includes: physical access, autonomy of use, know-how and motivation. Depending on the type of digital divide and the local situation, rectifying efforts must address the most crucial factor, which could be any of the four. The paper also introduces the nature and amount of different proposed divides, and relations among factors.

  • 241.
    Andersson, Annika
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Grönlund, Åke
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Wicander, Gudrun
    Karlstad universitet, Karlstad, Sweden.
    Development as Freedom: how the Capability Approach can be used in ICT4D Research and Practice2012Inngår i: Information Technology for Development, ISSN 0268-1102, E-ISSN 1554-0170, Vol. 18, nr 1, s. 1-4Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 242.
    Andersson, Annika
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Grönlund, Åke
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Åström, Joachim
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    “You can't make this a science!”: Analyzing decision support systems in political contexts2012Inngår i: Government Information Quarterly, ISSN 0740-624X, E-ISSN 1872-9517, Vol. 29, nr 4, s. 543-552Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reports on problems and conflicts encountered when using decision support systems (DSS) in political contexts. Based on a literature study and two case studies we describe problems encountered in relation not only to the DSS itself, but also to the political decision process. The case studies have been carried out in two cities in Sweden that at different times but in similar situations have used DSS in order to reach a decision in complicated and contested matters. In both cases we have previously found that the method and IT tool used for decision analysis were appreciated by most participants, but the inherent rationality of the DSS was in conflict with how participants usually make decisions as well as with the political process. The assumption was that a strict and open method would make grounds for clear decisions, but the results of the decision process were none of the cases implemented. In one case the result of the decision analysis was that no clear decision was made. In the other case the lowest ranked alternative was implemented. Furthermore, in neither city the method was ever used again. We therefore ask: What are the challenges and limitations to using DSS in political contexts? Our study shows that challenges relate to selecting and using criteria; eliciting weights for criteria (high level of subjectivity); understanding all the amount of facts available in the system; time constraints; and lack of impact on the final decision. This study contributes to both research and practice by increasing the understanding of what challenges are experienced in DSS use, since the findings can be used as a framework of challenges that should be addressed, in design of systems as well as method for use. The study also contributes to understanding the role of politicians in decision-making and the consequences for the use of DSS. Further, the literature study showed that there are overall very few studies on the actual use of DSS in a political context, and we therefore conclude by encouraging more studies reporting actual use.

  • 243.
    Andersson, Annika
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet. Informatics Department.
    Hatakka, Mathias
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet. Informatics Department.
    ICT4D and the Sustainable Development Goals: a road well-traveled2023Inngår i: Information Technology for Development, ISSN 0268-1102, E-ISSN 1554-0170, Vol. 29, nr 1, s. 1-8Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Some 35 years after the United Nations published its Brundtland report [Brundtland Commission. (1987). Our common future: Report of the World Commission on Environment and Development, Geneva, UN-Dokument A/42/427. Retrieved December 24, 2022, from  https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/content/documents/5987our-common-future.pdf] on the many threats our planet is under due to over- and underdevelopment, we are still struggling with how to make our world sustainable. Today we have the Sustainability Development Goals (SDGs) to guide us, but they have been largely criticized just like their predecessors.  The  debate  in  Information  and  Communication Technologies for Development (ICT4D) mainly concerns to which extent Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) may contribute to the SDGs. This editorial offers a historic overview of the different development goals that the UN has offered and eight papers that offer a view into the discussion of the challenges facing the SDGs, but also examples of experimental strategies on how ICTs can be used in realizing, or undermining, these goals.

  • 244.
    Andersson, Annika
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Hatakka, Mathias
    Dalarna University, Borlänge, Sweden.
    Victim, mother, or untapped resource? Discourse analysis of the construction of women in ICT policies2017Inngår i: Information Technologies and International Development, ISSN 1544-7529, E-ISSN 1544-7537, Vol. 13, s. 72-86Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyzes the construction of women in national ICT policies in South and Southeast Asia. The aim is to unravel the role ascribed to women in these policies and how this affects suggested measures. The research is based on critical discourse analysis and shows that women are mainly constructed as victims, mothers, or an untapped resource. We argue that if women are specifically targeted in policies, careful attention should be given to how they are portrayed. Our analysis also shows that in most cases the suggested solutions on how to include women in the ICT society only deal with the symptoms of gender inequality rather than the structures that prevent equal opportunities. We conclude by discussing implications for research and practice.

  • 245.
    Andersson, Annika
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Hatakka, Mathias
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    What are we doing? Theories used in ICT4D research2013Inngår i: 12th International Conference on Social Implications of Computers in Developing Countries / [ed] Niall Hayes; Renata Lèbre La Rovere, 2013, s. 282-300Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 246.
    Andersson, Annika
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Hatakka, Mathias
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Grönlund, Åke
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Wiklund, Matilda
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Reclaiming the students: coping with social media in 1:1 schools2014Inngår i: Learning, Media & Technology, ISSN 1743-9884, E-ISSN 1743-9892, Vol. 39, s. 37-52Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    There is a debate about the advantages and disadvantages of using social media in education. Drawing on interviews and surveys with students and teachers in three Swedish schools, this study finds that studentsas well as teachers find much of the students' social media use distractive to learning. We investigate this by means of an interpretative study of students' and teachers' experiences. We find that concerns relate to how social media use makes students less social, how weaker students are more likely to get distracted, how teachers lack strategies for tackling the problem and how the responsibility of the use is delegated to the students. We discuss how the distractive use of social media is made possible as a result of education policies requiring a higher degree of individual work, individual responsibility, and educational choices forstudents. Teachers and school leaders need to jointly reclaim the students and coping strategies for the distractive use are urgently needed.

  • 247.
    Andersson, Annika
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Hatakka, Mathias
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Larsson, Hannu
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Hedström, Karin
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Citizen Diversity in e-Government Research: Moving the Field Forward2021Inngår i: Proceedings of the 54th Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences / [ed] Tung X. Bui, University of Hawai'i at Manoa , 2021, s. 4828-4837Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Whereas broad launch of public e-services ensures equal and homogenous treatment of citizens, citizen diversity is often set aside. By means of a literature study we describe how research has addressed diversity in the field of eGovernment. we analyzed the papers according to the following codes: group; application domain; unit of analysis; and technology in use or design. Results showed that the most common application domain was e-services with access and use as the most common units of analysis. The most frequently researched groups are based on classical socio-demographic variables such as economy, education and age. Also, the majority of papers discussed services in use. We conclude by suggesting that future research focuses underrepresented user groups; adds further granularity to the classical sociodemographic variables; identifies groups within groups; targets policies and policy implementation; and changes focus from use to development. We also call for conceptual clarity of the concept ‘diversity’. 

  • 248.
    Andersson, Annika
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Hedström, Karin
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Karlsson, Fredrik
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    “Standardizing information security – a structurational analysis”2022Inngår i: Information & Management, ISSN 0378-7206, E-ISSN 1872-7530, Vol. 59, nr 3, artikkel-id 103623Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Given that there are an increasing number of information security breaches, organizations are being driven to adopt best practice for coping with attacks. Information security standards are designed to embody best practice and the legitimacy of these standards is a core issue for standardizing organizations. This study uncovers how structures at play in de jure standard development affect the input and throughput legitimacy of standards. We participated as members responsible for standards on information security and our analysis revealed two structures: consensus and warfare. A major implication of the combination of these structures is that legitimacy claims based on appeals to best practice are futile because it is difficult to know which the best practice is.

  • 249.
    Andersson, Annika
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Hedström, Karin
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Karlsson, Fredrik
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Terminologi och begrepp inom informationssäkerhet: Hur man skapar en språkgemenskap2016Rapport (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med den här studien är att utvärdera svensk terminologi på informationssäkerhetsområdet med fokus på frågor om målgrupper och grundläggande termer. Baserat på en Delphi-studie, där experter från olika yrkeskategorier har fått definiera en uppsättning grundläggande begrepp, har vi utvärderat både experternas definitioner och processen med att ta fram definitionerna. Vi har identifierat flera problem med svensk terminologi på informationssäkerhetsområdet. För att stödja arbetet med att utveckla svensk terminologi för informationssäkerhet beskriver vi i rapporten förslag på hur arbetet kan bedrivas vidare. De problem vi har identifierat är bl.a. att begrepp som inte finns med i rådande styrdokument blir otydliga och svårtolkade för experter inom området och att det är problematiskt med två olika styrdokument (HB550 och SIS-TR50:2015) i användning med delvis olika definitioner av samma begrepp. Vi har även sett att olika yrkeskategorier ofta definierar begreppen utifrån sin specifika profession, vilket kan innebära att det finns ett behov av att säkerhetsbegrepp kontextualiseras utifrån yrkesroller. Processen med att arbeta med experter enligt Delphi-metoden gav ett bra underlag för att analysera och diskutera olika definitioner av centrala begrepp inom informationssäkerhetsområdet. Dessutom har experterna varit mycket engagerade i processen. Vi föreslår att framtida begreppsutredningar använder sig av denna metod eller varianter av den och att det är experterna, de som i sitt dagliga yrke handhar informationssäkerheten, som ska vara de som skapar definitionerna. Vi ser också ett stort behov av större, effektivare och mer samordnade former för framtida begreppsutredningar.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 250.
    Andersson, Annika
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Hedström, Karin
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Siegert, Steffi
    Södertörn University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Sommar, Carl-Johan
    Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Teachers Falling off the Cliff: Affordances and Constraints of Social Media in School2021Inngår i: Proceedings of the 54th Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences: January 4-8, 2021 / [ed] Tung X. Bui, Honolulu: University of Hawaii at Manoa , 2021, s. 2995-3004Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In a digitalized society our work environment is highly integrated with our home environment making work boundless both in terms of time and space. The digital work environment risks increased stress. Based on a case study in Swedish schools we investigate how teachers experience the use of social media for work-related purposes. We do so by using the Technology Affordance and Constraints Theory to capture the affordances as well as constraints of this use. Findings show that affordances of social media in schools were increased opportunities for learning, transparency and community building. Constraints were distractions from learning, increased isolation, stress and, above all, lack of guidance in how and when to use social media. We end the paper arguing that lack of policies and guidelines governing the use of social media at work is risking an increase in boundary blurring and potentially more stress.

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