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  • 201.
    de Boise, Sam
    Örebro universitet, Musikhögskolan.
    Men, masculinities and music2020Ingår i: Routledge International Handbook of Masculinity Studies / [ed] Lucas Gottzén, Ulf Mellström, Tamara Shefer, London: Routledge, 2020, s. 414-424Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 202.
    de Boise, Sam
    Örebro universitet, Musikhögskolan.
    Men, masculinity, music and emotions2015Bok (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This book examines how we can reconcile the widely held belief that men are 'less emotional' than women, with a history of emotions in music. A belief that men identify with an ideal of rationality  - understood as the separation of emotion from rational action  - has informed critical studies on men and masculinities. Yet engaging with a wide range of music to stimulate, reflect and express, as well as manage particular types of emotions continues to be the key to music's appeal. Through detailing how judgments about emotions are expressed in relation to music tastes and distastes, this book demonstrates that emotions are as much social, value judgments as embodied, affective responses. It therefore raises the importance of looking at music listening contexts, culture, personal experience and a history of emotions in order to contest the orthodoxy that men's privilege stems from the 'repression' of emotions.

  • 203.
    de Boise, Sam
    Örebro universitet, Musikhögskolan.
    The Affective Appeal of Nature for Masculinist Movements2022Ingår i: Posthumanism and the Man Question: Beyond Anthropocentric Masculinities / [ed] Ulf Mellström and Bob Pease, Abingdon: Routledge, 2022, s. 21-32Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Scholars have recently looked to understand the links between constructions of masculinity and climate change with some championing the concept of “ecological masculinities” in contrast to “far-right industrial masculinity”. Appealing to men’s links with nature builds, in part, off the mythopoetic men’s movements of the late 1980s and early 1990s which tended towards strategic essentialism and anti-feminism. Whilst the impetus behind ecological masculinities is anti-fascist, ecofascist and green-Nazi movements have already successfully co-opted environmentalist narratives in appealing to men who may see environmentalism as important but are keen to distance themselves from its connotations with ecofeminism. It is therefore important to acknowledge the ways in which ecological masculinities may slip into a protectorate narrative. This chapter argues that posthumanist approaches to affect offer a means of both understanding and interrupting the circulation of masculinist attachments to gendered and racialised conceptions of nature.

    Publikationen är tillgänglig i fulltext från 2024-07-01 09:52
  • 204.
    de Boise, Sam
    Örebro universitet, Musikhögskolan.
    The Performing Rights of Man: The Global Music Industries and Transnational Hegemonies of Men2019Ingår i: Unsustainable Institutions of Men: Transnational Dispersed Centres, Gender Power, Contradictions / [ed] Jeff Hearn, Ernesto Vasquez del Aguila, Marina Hughson, Abingdon: Routledge, 2019, 1, s. 155-171Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 205.
    de Boise, Sam
    Örebro universitet, Musikhögskolan.
    The Personal is Political … just not Always Progressive: Affective Interruptions and their Promise for CSMM2017Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 206.
    de Boise, Sam
    Örebro universitet, Musikhögskolan.
    The Personal is Political … just not Always Progressive: Thinking and Re-Thinking Men and Emotions2016Ingår i: Global Societies: Fragmenting and Connecting: BSA Annual Conference 2016, Aston University, Birmingham, Wednesday 6 - Friday 8 April 2016, BSA Publications Ltd. , 2016, s. 79-79Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    There is a widespread belief that a majority of men, in the US, the UK and Western Europe, are getting ‘more in touch’ with their emotions, leading to a ‘softening’ of masculinity. Feminist and profeminist campaigners have (rightly) cited an increasing understanding of men’s emotional lives, and getting men to understand their own emotions, as central to any project addressing gender inequality. Psychologists have also linked greater emotional self-attunement as key to tackling men’s underreporting of depression and (both separately and in connection with) high suicide rates. In short: men being ‘more emotional’ is almost always seen as progressive.

    There is a problem, however, with narratives around increasingly ‘more emotional’ men. Not only do these fail to engage with historical precedents, they divide ‘progressive’ from ‘regressive’ men without accounting for structural power relations impacting on ideas around progress and regression. Furthermore, assuming that men’s emotions are inherently gender-progressive, ignores more sinister examples of antifeminist rage, easily identifiable through men’s rights activism and online misogyny.

    This paper argues that we need to engage critically with how we think about both emotions and a history of emotions in relation to gender equality. Considering how emotions are put into language as well as the mechanisms by which societies are expected to articulate and measure certain emotions have an impact on how we characterize emotions and ‘emotional’ behaviour. In focusing on these areas, this paper aims to contribute a critical analysis on a developing and much-needed area of sociological research on men and emotions.

  • 207.
    de Boise, Sam
    Örebro universitet, Musikhögskolan.
    The personal is political … just not always progressive: Affective interruptions and their promise for CSMM2018Ingår i: Norma, ISSN 1890-2138, E-ISSN 1890-2146, Vol. 13, nr 3-4, s. 158-174Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In critical studies on men and masculinities (CSMM), a well-established argument has been that white, heterosexual, middle-class men practice emotional repression as a means of maintaining social power. Whilst CSMM have often overlooked emotions, there is an increasing body of work which argues that men both have an active understanding of their emotional lives and that men’s emotional lives have significantly changed. Crucially, emotions are important for exploring how men’s practice connects to structure; what has been called ‘the problem of social embodiment’. However, recent perspectives on emotions and masculinities may over-emphasise the gender-progressive effects of men discussing emotions, tending to overlook how ‘semi-’ and ‘non-conscious’ forms of men’s embodiment shape far less progressive trends and even how discourses around ‘softening masculinity’ may support various forms of misogynstic behaviour. This article argues that critical feminist ‘turns to affect’ can help foreground the problem of social embodiment in CSMM in less deterministic ways, without neglecting intersectional questions of power. To illustrate potential uses for affect in CSMM, the article adopts Wetherell’s concepts of ‘affective practice’ in combination with Ahmed’s notion of ‘happy objects’ through an exploration of three key case studies: online masculinist rage; ‘nice guy’ discourse and nationalist politics.

  • 208.
    de Boise, Sam
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Musikhögskolan.
    Conway, Daniel
    Declining Homophobia, ‘Softening’ Masculinity and Liberalism in the UK: Evaluating the Evidence2015Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    In the last few years, there have been numerous claims, by both academics and journalists, regarding the declining significance of homophobia in the UK in particular. Legal and institutional gains won through the actions of LGB [sic] activists have seen the repeal of Section 28, the passing of the 2014 Same Sex Couples Act and its public championing by the UK’s Conservative Prime Minister, as well as the condemnation of other countries’ repressive policies on sexuality.

    These significant gains have been theorized against a backdrop of increasing inclusivity in gender relations. Anderson’s (2009) concept of ‘inclusive masculinity’, particularly, has generated significant interest because it claims to explain the processes behind ‘decreased’ levels of cultural homophobia and reduced ‘homohysteria’. The central tenet of which is that heterosexual-identifying men, and Western societies more generally, no longer construct ‘ideal’ masculine genders through the subordination of gay individuals in everyday life. This clearly has important repercussions for gender equality at large.

    However, in focusing on rights-based gains and observable physical violence against some gay-identifying individuals, the case for ‘declining homophobia’ has been overstated. Such a narrow definition of homophobia has the potential to divert attention from persistent systemic discrimination on the grounds of sexuality and we must be cautious of research which couches broad notions of ‘decline’ and ‘inclusion’ in liberal terms. These supposedly historically unprecedented trends may not be as novel as they seem. This paper therefore looks at work around hybridity (Demetriou 2001; Bridges and Pascoe 2014) and ‘homonationalism’ (Puir 2007) in the 'declining homophobia' thesis in order to suggest that the incorporation of ‘acceptable’ gay subjects (at the expense of others) into discourses of ‘progress’, rest on dubious theoretical and methodological assumptions. These have potentially damaging policy implications for LGBT rights.

  • 209.
    de Boise, Sam
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Musikhögskolan.
    Dobre Billström, Rebecca
    Örebro universitet, Musikhögskolan.
    Playing with Gender: Toward Critical, Transnational Perspectives on Music and Gender2016Ingår i: Music in an intercultural perspective / [ed] Antenor Ferreira Corrêa, Brasilia: Strong Edições , 2016, s. 25-40Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 210.
    de Boise, Sam
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Musikhögskolan.
    Hearn, Jeff
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap. University of Huddersfield, Huddersfield, UK; Management and Organisation, Hanken School of Economics, Helsinki, Finland.
    Are men getting more emotional?: Critical sociological perspectives on men, masculinities and emotions2017Ingår i: Sociological Review, ISSN 0038-0261, E-ISSN 1467-954X, Vol. 65, nr 4, s. 779-796Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Sociological research, influenced by feminist and other critical perspectives, has noted how men’s emotional inexpressiveness was influenced, and supported, by patriarchal privilege. Such approaches have argued that ‘inexpression’ needs to be broken down in order to build gender equality and improve men’s own wellbeing. Emerging research has, however, challenged the argument that men are ‘emotionally inexpressive’ on two main premises: that, as a result of feminist critiques, many men now practise ‘softer’ or ‘more emotional’ forms of masculinity; second, that emotions always influence social action and so need to be better incorporated into sociological accounts of men’s behaviour. Yet these approaches entail some conceptual confusion as to what emotions are, how they link to social action and whether men’s emotions are inherently transformative for gender relations. This article first details how emotions and masculinity have been theorized in feminist-inspired approaches. It outlines recent work on emotions, men and masculinities before arguing for an understanding of emotions that engages with both physiologically grounded and postconstructionist debates. It finally suggests incorporating a material-discursive approach to men’s emotions, through feminist work on affect, which is attentive to the political dimensions of ‘increasing emotionality’ in order to contribute to a developing field of sociological research.

  • 211.
    de Boise, Sam
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Musikhögskolan.
    Hearn, Jeff
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap. Hanken School of Economics, Helsinki, Finland; University of Huddersfield, Huddersfield, UK.
    'The Expressive Male': Thinking Critically about Emotions in Critical Studies on Men and Masculinities2016Ingår i: The 7th Midterm Conference on Emotions, Stockholm: Abstracts, 2016, s. 18-18Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In his (1976) article, The Inexpressive Male: Tragedy or Sexual Politics? Sattel made the case that men’s relative lack of emotional expression emerged as a direct result of, and helped to sustain, men’s social privilege. Feminist and profeminist campaigners have (rightly) cited an increasing understanding of men’s emotional lives, and getting men to understand their own emotions, as central to any project addressing gender inequality. Some scholars within Critical studies on Men and Masculinities (CSMM), too, have often made the case that men need to become ‘more emotional’.

    Various authors have documented empirical research that argues, as a result of feminist gains, men are gradually getting ‘more in touch’ with their emotions, leading to a ‘softening’ of masculinity. There is a problem, however, with narratives around increasingly ‘more emotional’ men. These often fail to engage with literature on emotions and historical precedents of men being valued for displays of ‘authentic’ emotions - through music for instance – which have often supported privilege. In addition, assuming that men’s emotions are inherently gender-progressive, ignores more sinister examples of men’s rights activism, violence and online misogyny.

    This paper argues for the need to engage critically with how we think about both emotions and a history of emotions, in relation to CSMM. Considering how emotions are put into language, as well as the mechanisms by which emotions are identified and understood, have an impact on how emotions and ‘emotional’ behaviour are characterized in both research and everyday life. Crucially, it is important to retain a focus on the embodied aspects of experience. We suggest distinguishing between emotions, affect and kindred concepts as a productive way to approach issues of power and embodied experience in CSMM. Focusing on these areas, this paper aims to contribute a critical analysis on a developing and much-needed area of research.

     

  • 212.
    de Boise, Sam
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Musikhögskolan.
    Hearn, Jeff
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    King, Martin
    Manchester Metropolitan University, UK.
    Critical Perspectives on Men and Masculinity in Popular Music : An All-Male Gender-Critical Panel2016Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 213.
    de Cheveigné, Suzanne
    et al.
    L'École des hautes études en sciences sociales (EHESS), Centre national de la recherche scientifique (CNRS), Paris, France.
    Husu, Liisa
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för humaniora, utbildning och samhällsvetenskap.
    Suter, Christian
    Université de Neuchâtel, Neuchâtel, Suisse.
    Gender and excellence in research funding: European perspectives2010Ingår i: Forschungsförderung aus Geschlechterperspektive: Zugang, Bedeutung und Wirkung in wissenschaftlichen Laufbahnen / [ed] Regula Julia Leemann, Heidi Stutz, Zürich: Verlag Rüegger Zürich, 2010, s. 181-201Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 214.
    Delaunay, Marine
    et al.
    Bordeaux University, France.
    Hearn, Jeff
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Strid, Sofia
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Gendered violence regimes: Context, policy and practice in intimate partner violence in France and Sweden2018Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper argues for more complex analyses of welfare state gender regimes by focusing on a key element frequently forgotten in cross-national comparisons: intimate partner violence (IPV) and responses thereto, especially criminal justice system (CJS) responses. We return to the notions of gender regime and welfare regimes, and critically elaborate them through the notion of gendered violence regime, to analyse gendered socio-political and judicial institutions and practices. According to Haney (2004), welfare state regimes, gender regimes and judicial regimes tend to match together in how policies are named, debated and implemented. However, many comparative welfare analyses do not attend to violence; moreover, violence and responses thereto are rooted in institutions and inequality regimes (Walby 2008).

    Building on earlier work (Hearn, Strid et al. 2016), we use comparative methods to address discursive dynamics and judicial practices in France and Sweden in the light of transformations in gender regimes, illustrative of broader contextualizing and theoretical concerns. First, we review relevant laws and policy, inspired by the Critical Frame Analysis (Verloo 2007), noting differences, similarities and convergences in welfare and judicial systems. Second, we focus on judicial practices in two countries, particularly in CJS treatment of IPV. In Sweden, more explicitly gendered structural policy is accompanied by cases being constructed and treated more individually by professionals with real expertise on domestic violence; while in more corporatist regime France, only very serious cases are so treated, and less individual, more proceduralised assessment of cases by workdays lost is used. CJS procedure impact the construction and definition of the problem, especially regarding how professionals consider the gendering and seriousness of the violence in making a case.

    Finally, we critically interrogate how useful “regime” typologies are, including in providing avenues for intersectional analyses combining sociological theories of change (Muller 2005) and transformation (Felstiner et al. 1980).

  • 215.
    Egeberg Holmgren, Linn
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Hearn, Jeff
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap. University of Huddersfield, Huddersfield, UK; Hanken School of Economics, Helsinki, Finland.
    Erkekleri Feminizmin İçinde ve Dışında Çerçevelemek: [Framing ‘men in and not in feminism]2017Ingår i: Fe Dergi: Feminist Eleştiri, ISSN 1309-128X, Vol. 9, nr 2, s. 85-101Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article addresses some aspects of the “Man Question” in feminism, by way of the analysis ofmen’s diverse gender-conscious positionings in relation to gender, gender equality and feminism. Itbuilds on earlier work, making use of theoretical models in feminist literature combined with themicro-sociological concept of passing. Consideration is also given to men’s non-gender-consciouspositionings. The article is primarily concerned with the theoretical and empirical complexities,contradictions and ambiguities of men’s positionings, as when they are self-defined as “feminists” (orsimilar identifications) in radical or deconstructive ways. In this, a Swedish interview data is used.Sweden is considered particularly interesting, with a qualified societal consensus on gender equalityand a broadly positive place accorded to men’s relations with feminism. The authors argue in the finalsection that there is a need to further dialogue between analyses of men/masculinities and themultidimensionality of feminisms, as well as a need for more empirical studies of men’s different(pro)feminist positionings in order to elaborate the theoretical implications of different socialcontexts. The framing presented seeks to provide greater possibilities for such complex, nuanced andsituated understandings of men’s relation to feminism, theoretically, analytically and politically.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Erkekleri Feminizmin İçinde ve Dışında Çerçevelemek
  • 216.
    Egeberg Holmgren, Linn
    et al.
    Department of Sociology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Hearn, Jeff
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap. Department of Gender Studies, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden; Huddersfield University, UK; Hanken School of Economics, Helsinki, Finland.
    Framing ‘men in feminism’: theoretical locations, local contexts and practical passings in men’s gender-conscious positionings on gender equality and feminism2009Ingår i: Journal of Gender Studies, ISSN 0958-9236, E-ISSN 1465-3869, Vol. 18, nr 4, s. 403-418Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article addresses some aspects of the 'Man Question' in feminism, by way of the analysis of men's diverse gender-conscious positionings in relation to gender, gender equality and feminism. It builds on earlier work, making use of theoretical models in feminist literature combined with the micro-sociological concept of passing. The article is primarily concerned with the theoretical and empirical complexities, contradictions and ambiguities of men's positionings, as when they are self-defined as 'feminists' (or similar identifications) in radical or deconstructive ways. In this, Swedish interview data are used. Sweden is considered particularly interesting, with a qualified societal consensus on gender equality and a broadly positive place accorded to men's relations with feminism. The authors argue in the final section that there is a need to further dialogue between analyses of men/masculinities and the multidimensionality of feminisms, as well as a need for more empirical studies of men's different (pro) feminist positionings in order to elaborate the theoretical implications of different social contexts. The framing presented seeks to provide greater possibilities for such complex, nuanced and situated understandings of men's relation to feminism, theoretically, analytically and politically.

  • 217.
    Eklund, Johanna
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Rieder Lundkvist, Vanessa
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Att göra kön på ungdomsgårdar: en kvalitativ studie2012Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats är att beskriva och analysera hur tre fritidsgårdar i Örebro kommun

    arbetar med jämställdhet. Våra frågeställningar är:

    Vad är Machofabriken? Hur ser jämställdhetsarbetet ut på fritidsgårdar i Örebro kommun? På

    vilket sätt arbetar fritidsgårdar med Machofabrikens material? Varför används inte

    Machofabrikens material i någon större utsträckning på fritidsgårdarna i Örebro?

    Vi har fokuserat på tre fritidsgårdars jämställdhetsarbete, framförallt det riktat mot unga män.

    Vi har utgått från semistrukturerade intervjuer med tre fritidsledare som alla har gått en

    utbildning i Machofabriken. Intervjuerna är analyserade utifrån begrepp som är centrala inom

    jämställdhets- och maskulinitetsforskning. Resultatet visar hur de arbetar med jämställdhet,

    hur de använder Machofabrikens material och deras tankar och åsikter om materialet.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 218.
    Ekstedt, Sara
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Genus, makt och sexualitet: En genusteoretisk analys av fyra kristna podcasts inom den svenska pingströrelsen2023Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (yrkesexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The reproduction of the gender system and gender hierarchies is a well-researched area in society. However, there is a lack of research on gender relations in Swedish churches, more specifically in the Pentecostal movement. The aim of this essay is to use qualitative content analysis to examine four Christian podcasts known in the Swedish Pentecostal movement, to discover if they reproduce and/or challenge gender roles, hierarchies, and heteronormative sexuality. The essay identified three main categories: gendered characteristics, non-normative sexuality, and family life. The findings suggest that gender is reproduced in the four podcasts on different levels, both implicitly and explicitly, for example by assigning gender-specific characteristics to men and women and explaining that women are the weaker sex that men must take care of. The pastors/preachers in the podcasts also speak in a heteronormative way, excluding other sexualities or declaring other sexualities as sinful. Finally, the podcasts express the different roles of men and women in the home and family, with women being the caregivers and men being the authoritative influences needed to lead a family. Even though the national board of the Pentecostal movement in Sweden is explicitly concerned with gender issues, the essay shows that more needs to be done to influence preachers and pastors in the movement. The churches are active in many societies and reach many children in the communities with different activities. Therefore, it is important for teachers and other adults to be aware of the attitudes and perspectives on gender and sexuality that young people encounter in their everyday lives, and the essay can provide insight into the reproduction of norms in society. The findings of the essay can help teachers to create a more inclusive and stereotype-free classroom.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Genus, makt och sexualitet: En genusteoretisk analys av fyra kristna podcasts inom den svenska pingströrelsen
  • 219.
    Emilsen, Kari
    et al.
    Queen Maud University College of Early Childhood Education (QMUC), Norway.
    Goncalves, Ricardo
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Ljunggren, Birgitte
    Queen Maud University College of Early Childhood Education (QMUC), Norway.
    Sales dos Santos, Sandro Vinícius
    Federal University of Minas Gerais, Brazil.
    Children’s perspectives on their male and female teachers in Brazil and Norway2023Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to understand how cultural discourses in Norway and Brazil are represented in children’s views on their teachers as seen through a gendered lens. ECEC institutions are infused with local gender discourses represented by professional and parental beliefs. Nordic countries emphasize equality and gender sensitive practice (Edström & Brunila, 2016), while conservative forces in Brazil attempt to block educational policy focusing on gender and sexuality (Vianna & Bortolini, 2020). The theoretical framework posits gender as socially constructed performances (Butler 2004, Connell & Pearse, 2015) that are fluid and situational, cultural, political, and socially multi-leveled. In our case study methodology, data collection is modeled on the Mosaic Approach (Clark, 2017), using observation and open-ended interviews with children, and semi-structured interviews with mixed gender staff and parents. Thematic analysis using an abductive approach was conducted. Children gave assent to their participation, and adults gave informed consent. Data was anonymized. Ethical approval was obtained from National Centres for Research Data. Preliminary findings suggest that children in both settings value playfulness and kindness amongst the staff and are attracted towards staff with those competencies. The Brazilian case exhibits a binary pattern where children see only male teachers with those qualities. In Norway it is harder to distinguish a gendered pattern. We relate these findings to local gender discourses, pedagogical traditions and organizational traits. This study shows how cultural contexts affect gender sensitive practices and challenge gender stereotypes by acknowledging children's voices.

  • 220.
    Englesson, Julia
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Incelstankar kring feminism: En kvalitativ analys av onlineforum för incels2023Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Incels thoughts about feminism – A qualitative analysis of an online forum for incels

    The field of research on incels and their ideology is constantly expanding. While incels online may be a modern phenomenon, it is actively studied by today's researchers. Previous research has primarily focused on incels with links to terrorism, misogyny, and their online activity. Through a thematic analysis, posts created by incels on the website incels.is are studied. The purpose of the study is to examine the thoughts and opinions expressed by forum users regarding feminism and feminists. It also aims to investigate how they justify their criticism of the feminist worldview. The study employs two research questions that guide the research process: How is feminism and feminists described on the online incels forum? and what arguments are used to criticize a feminist worldview? The results of the study indicate that forum users believe feminism and feminists have an end goal of attaining ultimate power in society and, through this, excluding men. The results revealed various ideas about the methods used by feminism to achieve this goal. It is through these ideas that incels justify a negative view of feminism.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Incelstankar kring feminism: En kvalitativ analys av onlineforum för incels
  • 221.
    Englund, Boel
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Heyman, Ingrid
    Linné, Agneta
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Skog-Östlin, Kerstin
    Trotzig, Eva
    Shaping a New Age: Educators, Entrepreneurs, Publicists – and Members of Parliament2021Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    At last! The voice of a woman was heard in the Swedish Parliament! The voice belonged to Agda Östlund, representative of the Social Democratic Party and the first woman to give a speech in Parliament. The event took place on Saturday the 11th of March 1922. Together with other women she had struggled for a more equal and democratic society for more than a decade. Now five women were the first to take seats as Members of Parliament. Finally, women suffrage had become a reality – the final parliamentary decision was made in January 1921. 

    Focus in our paper is on Agda Östlund. We explore her path up to the speaker´s chair and the resources that brought her there against the background of some forty women struggling in various ways to achieve, build, and develop higher education, professional work and civil rights for women.  The analysis draws upon this more comprehensive study, recently published. There, our overall purpose is to describe and analyse a number of Stockholm women and their paths from private to public in the decades around 1900. The Swedish capital proved an important site framing material conditions and social networks. By analysing how the women made use of and increased their social, cultural and economic resources we could outline patterns that characterised their ways of gaining access to, influencing or founding various institutions and civil rights – and so contributed to the profound social changes characterising the years around 1900. What strategies did they follow? What assets did they set moving?

    In the paper, we summarise some critical aspects characterising three of the first five women that gained access to the Swedish Parliament and two women active on the municipal level. We highlight similarities and dissimilarities and we pinpoint some main results from the wider study of forty women.    

  • 222.
    Englund, Boel
    et al.
    Department of Education, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Linné, Agneta
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Heyman, Ingrid
    Stockholm, Sweden.
    Skog-Östlin, Kerstin
    Örebro, Sweden.
    Trotzig, Eva
    Stockholm, Sweden.
    Struggles, Resources and Strategies: Portraits of Six Swedish Women Suffrage Activists2024Ingår i: Suffrage and Its Legacy in the Nordics and Beyond: Gender, Institutional Constraints and Feminist Strategies / [ed] Josefina Erikson; Lenita Freidenvall, Cham: Palgrave Macmillan , 2024, s. 63-84Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The focus here is on six Swedish women struggling as suffrage activists or advocates of women's civil rights, among them three of the first women Members of Parliament. We explore their lives, struggles and strategies. We investigate the various resources they set in motion, and the institional obstacles they encountered on their paths to Parliament and other important arenas that were opened up to women in the changing times around 1900. All managed to build considerable professional, organisational and/or political resources, and all profited significantly from their strategic network-building.

  • 223.
    Engwall, Kristina
    et al.
    Institute for Futures Studies, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Peterson, HelenDepartment of Thematic Studies – Technology and Social Change, Linköpings University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Frivillig barnlöshet: barnfrihet i en nordisk kontext2010Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Refereegranskat)
  • 224.
    Erlingsdóttir, Irma
    et al.
    University of Iceland, Reykjavík, Iceland.
    Hearn, Jeff
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Husu, Liisa
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Shefer, Tamara
    University of Western Cape, Bellville, Republic of South Africa.
    Panel: Tensions between building up feminist academic infrastructure and feminist visions for the future: an interactive panel2019Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 225.
    Fogde, Marinette
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för humaniora, utbildning och samhällsvetenskap.
    `Man måste bli lite karl’: anställningsbarhet och könade föreställningar om säljbarhet2009Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 226.
    Formark, B
    et al.
    Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Arnell, Linda
    Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Brännström Öhman, Annelie
    Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Karlsson Sjögren, Å
    Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Mulari, H
    Turku University, Turku, Finland.
    Strömbäck, M
    Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Österholm, M
    Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Nordisk flickforskning: Kunskap och kritik på tröskeln till tweenieåldern2014Konferensbidrag (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 227.
    Formark, B
    et al.
    Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Mitchell, C
    McGill University, Canada.
    Mulari, H
    Finnish Youth Research Society, Finland.
    Smith, A
    McGill University, Canada.
    Zdravomyslova, O
    International Foundation for Socio-economic and Political Studies, Russia.
    Brännström Öhman, A
    Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Arnell, Linda
    Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Girlhood in the Global North : Towards Comparative Dialogues Roundtable2016Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 228.
    Forsling, Karin
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Pedagogiska institutionen.
    Fredriksson, Marie
    Örebro universitet, Pedagogiska institutionen.
    JÄMSTÄLLDHET En del av pedagogens uppdrag: - en studie om pedagogers sätt att tänka kring och sätt att arbeta med jämställdhet2006Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna intervjustudie undersöker vi, utifrån ett genusperspektiv, vilka tankar pedagoger som arbetar i förskola och förskoleklass har kring jämställdhet och hur dessa genomsyrar arbetet i deras respektive verksamheter.

    I bakgrunden i detta arbete redogör vi för tidigare forskning om genus och jämställdhet, främst med fokus på förskola och skola. Denna forskning ger bilden av en förskola och skola som inte uppfyller de krav på jämställdhet som uttrycks i skollagen och läroplanerna för de olika verksamheterna. En bidragande orsak till detta beskrivs vara pedagogens förhållningssätt och bemötande av barnen, vilket ofta leder till att de traditionella könsrollerna bibehålls och förstärks ytterligare. Med anledning av detta har ett flertal olika projekt påbörjats som alla syftar till att bryta dessa mönster och ge både flickor och pojkar möjlighet att utveckla såväl typiskt kvinnliga som typiskt manliga egenskaper och beteenden.

    I vår studie finner vi att pedagoger, både i förskolan och skolan, i olika hög grad har tankar kring jämställdhet och att de på olika sätt arbetar för att öka jämställdheten. Vi upplever dock att pedagogerna behöver öka sitt medvetande om sina egna värderingar och sitt eget förhållningssätt till och bemötande av barnen, för att på så vis åstadkomma en verklig förändring.

  • 229.
    Fransson, Moa
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    ”… man är ju på olika sätt, fast man inte tänker på det”: - En studie om könskapande och könsneutralitet i förskolan och fritidshem som arbetsplats.2015Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 230.
    Freidenvall, Lenita
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Jansson, Maria
    Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Introduktion2017Ingår i: Politik och kön: Feministiska perspektiv på statsvetenskap / [ed] Lenita Freidenvall, Maria Jansson, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2017, 1, s. 17-32Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 231.
    Freidenvall, Lenita
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Jansson, MariaStockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Politik och kön: Feministiska perspektiv på statsvetenskap2017Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna bok är en ovärderlig introduktion till feministisk statsvetenskaplig forskning. Här presenteras feministiska teorier och empiriska analyser som tillsammans tecknar en bild av ett kreativt forskningsfält som samlas kring vikten av att använda kön som analytiskt verktyg, och som rymmer både konstruktiva teoretiska debatter och intressanta empiriska resultat.

    Boken innehåller introduktioner till feministisk forskning inom de statsvetenskapliga subdisciplinerna politisk teori, svensk politik, jämförande politik och internationella relationer samt fördjupningar i de för fälten centrala begreppen kön, representation, medborgarskap och säkerhet.  Dessutom presenteras exempel på empirisk forskning. Läsaren får här veta mer om hur närbyråkrater för omsorgsetiska resonemang, hur svensk familjepolitik drabbar ensamstående mödrar, vad som karaktäriserar olika typer av könskvotering och hur ritualerna kring begravningar av kvinnliga soldater som har dött i striderna i Afghanistan återskapar den manliga soldaten som norm.

  • 232.
    Frih, Anna-Karin
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Becoming Healthy, Free and Physically Active: Medical Discourse on Girls in Sweden c. 1880-19302013Ingår i: Girlhood Studies, ISSN 1938-8209, E-ISSN 1938-8322, Vol. 6, nr 2, s. 101-118Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The sick girl was a popular stereotype in Swedish medical discourse around 1900. It was established by medical authorities at the time that a substantial number of Swedish girls suffered from various diseases and ailments. However, at the beginning of the twentieth century, at a time when the welfare state was gradually evolving in the Nordic countries, the scientific opinion of girls changed. The new girl was represented as healthy and active. This article examines the medical discourse on girls, and their activity and health in Sweden during circa 1880 to 1930. It reveals patterns of the medicalization of girls as well as categorizations and constructions of girlhood that corresponded with contemporaneous notions of gender. It reveals a recurring, if inconstant, problematization of girls' illness and lack of adequate physical activity. In this article I will show how the discussions about girls around 1900 share several similarities with current ones.

  • 233.
    Frih, Anna-Karin
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för humaniora, utbildning och samhällsvetenskap.
    Den "normala" flickan i hälsoundersökningar från 1800-tal till 2000-tal2013Ingår i: Finsk tidskrift : kultur, ekonomi, politik, ISSN 0015-248X, E-ISSN 2670-2541, nr 7-8, s. 43-53Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 234.
    Frih, Anna-Karin
    Örebro universitet, Humanistiska institutionen.
    Flickan i medicinen: ungdom, kön och sjuklighet 1870-19302007Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The main purpose of this thesis is to study and analyze how concepts of childhood and adolescence were constructed in scientific medicine during the period 1870 to 1930. The focus in the first part of the thesis is to study the sick girl as a stereotype in 1870–1900. In the late nineteenth-century, the poor health of girls was a popular topic in Swedish medical discourse. It was a well-established opinion that a substantial number of Swedish girls suffered from various diseases and ailments. Mass- and coeducation was under debate and physicians became interested in the impact of schools and schooling on children’s health. It is here shown that children, and in particularly adolescents, were de-fined as gendered creatures. The doctors emphasized the universal nature of adolescence and conceptualized pu-berty as a traumatic and risky stage of life and they also tended to focus on middle-class girls. Pubescent girls were seen as most vulnerable to external stress such as mental strain and physical demands. Physicians claimed that ill health inevitably followed when girls were educated in the same way as boys. However, boys and their health were discussed too. The most common ailments for both girls and boys were overstudy, anemia, headaches and disor-dered digestion. It was also shown in various studies, that poorer children were substantially inferior in weight as well as in height. Chlorosis was a common theme in late nineteenth-century medical discourse. Although it appeared mainly as a girls’ disease in medical books and in most sanitary journals, health studies for example, showed that chlorosis could also be a boys’ disease. However, sick boys were rarely spoken of. Medical opinions on overstudy, chlorosis and dress reform could be interpreted as a concern for unhealthy girls as future mothers of the nation. It is not my intention to advertise doctors as vicious oppressors, as opponents of female emancipation. In fact, the doctors often pointed out social factors and unequal circumstances of childhood and adolescence for girls and boys.

    In early twentieth-century, the scientific opinion of girls changed. Even though gendered notions of children and youths persisted all through the period studied, more and more some doctors, Karolina Widerström, for example, began to question them. The new girl was not weak and ill, but rather healthy and active. However, a dividing line between those who claimed the weakness of girls and those who emphasized the new, healthy girl became more evident after 1900. In this thesis, this disparity is discussed in terms of popular medical discourse and scientific medi-cal discourse. In the latter, girls were still described as more sensitive and more frail than boys and as unfit for higher education and strenuous schoolwork. Thus, the new girl – vivid, healthy and equal to the boy – was above all a con-struction in popular medicine. The uniform medical discourse on girls from the late nineteenth-century thus dissolved. A number of changes in the medical discourse on sickness and health of girls and boys during in this period occurred. First, concepts of sickness and health were modified over time and fewer schoolchildren were considered sick. Fi-nally, in the beginning of the period studied, girls were sicker than boys were, but in the end, in the 1930s, there was no obvious gender difference. Both sexes seemed equally sick (or healthy).

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  • 235.
    Frih, Anna-Karin
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för humaniora, utbildning och samhällsvetenskap.
    Flickor och fysisk aktivitet kring sekelskiftet 19002010Ingår i: En bok om flickor och flickforskning / [ed] Anna-Karin Frih, Eva Söderberg, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2010, 1, s. 61-84Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 236.
    Frih, Anna-Karin
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för humaniora, utbildning och samhällsvetenskap.
    Söderberg, EvaMittuniversitetet, Östersund, sweden.
    En bok om flickor och flickforskning2010Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    I den här boken presenteras forskning om flickor ur humanistiska och samhällsvetenskapliga perspektiv. Författarna visar hur definitioner av flickor i tid och rum har förändrats och hur både flickorna och den samhälleliga synen på dem har påverkats. Boken handlar om flickor i skolan och i vardagen, förr, nu och i framtiden, i medicinen och i litteraturen. Ett genomgående tema i boken är polariseringen mellan två slags flickor där den nya, framgångsrika eller riktiga flickan ställs mot den gamla, oönskade eller avvikande.

    Boken riktar sig framför allt till lärarstudenter och yrkesverksamma som dagligen arbetar med eller på olika sätt kommer i kontakt med barn och ungdomar.

  • 237.
    Fröberg Holmberg, Ellen
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    “Genus innebär väl kön..”: En kvalitativ enkätstudie om pedagogers uppfattningar och förhållningssätt gällande genus2023Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    In this thesis I have made a qualitative study among educators. The purpose of this essay was to investigate the variation in educators' perceptions of the concept of gender, as well as how they describe how their perceptions can, or does, affect the educators in their work. The focus has been on pedagogues in primary schools and associated leisure centers. The empirical material was collected through a web survey that was sent out to five different elementary schools in Orebro through the respective school management.

    The theoretical section formed a basis for the coding. Thematic analysis was used to analyze collected data. The analysis method enabled a comparison of differences and similarities in the educators' descriptions. The analysis showed that the educators did not share a unified view of what gender is. In the empirical material, three different perceptions of the concept of gender could be thematized. Gender was interpreted as a consequence of biological sex, as an expression to show society's ideas about gender and as a way for the environment to interpret an individual's gender affiliation. Based on their perceptions of gender, some of the educators emphasized that they adapted their pedagogy to the gender differences they perceived to exist, while others emphasized that they tried to counter gender norms and gendered ideas by adapting their language and inviting students to discuss gender aspects.

    When the educators were asked about the continuing education regarding gender in the workplace, the results showed that this was experienced in very varied ways. Many educators emphasized that gender issues were not something that was emphasized during education days, but that the focus often ended up being equal treatment of the school's students. Others pointed out that gender issues are raised in several contexts. In conclusion, the results revealed different levels of awareness and commitment among educators in relation to gender, highlighting the existing challenges and opportunities for promoting gender equality in educational settings.

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    “Genus innebär väl kön..”: En kvalitativ enkätstudie om pedagogers uppfattningar och förhållningssätt gällande genus
  • 238.
    Frödén, Sara
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    "Kommer det här med genus på tentan?": Makt, inflytande och deltagande i seminarier på lärarutbildningen2014Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [sv]

    Det ställs högre krav på universitetslärare som undervisar på lärarutbildningen att inte enbart besitta fördjupad ämneskunskap utan också vara ett föredöme som pedagog. Det gäller särskilt om man som lärarutbildare undervisar om feministiska och kritiska pedagogiker; för att behålla sin trovärdighet bör läraren själv gestalta en undervisning som genomsyras av dessa pedagogikers grundläggande principer som innefattar a) maktper-spektiv b) holistiskt lärande c) mångfaldstänkande och d) social förändring (Enns & Forrest 2005). En viktig del i sådan undervisning är att det finns möjlighet för studenterna att ha inflytande över sin utbildning, både genom påverka seminariernas utformning och det kursinnehåll som tas upp. De dominerande traditionerna och institutionella ramarna under vilken lärarutbildningen inordnas bidrar dock till att försvåra detta. Även studenternas syn på lärande och vilket ansvar de själva har för att skapa en öppensinnad och välfungerande seminariekultur är av stor betydelse. Läraren har oundvikligen en maktposition inte minst genom att vara den som bedömer och betygsätter studenternas prestationer. Samtidigt sker en förskjutning av makt då studenterna ges alltmer inflytande och ansvar att själva hållai seminarierna. Frågan är dock vilka studenter som har (och ges) förutsättningar att ta utrymme på seminarierna. Hur kan vi undvika att idealet om att ”ha högt i tak” på seminarierna inte utmynnar i att studenterna kränker varandra med nedsättande kommentarer? Hur kan lärarutbildare ta tillvara studenternas egna erfarenheter på seminarierna utan att vissa individer förväntas agera som representanter för sitt kön eller annan social kategori? Syftet med min presentation är att skildra den feministiska pedagogens utmaningar genom att med utgångspunkt i de ovan nämnda principerna undersöka studenters möjligheter till inflytande i sin utbildning samt hur det kommer till uttryck i lärarutbildningens seminarier.

  • 239. Frödén, Sara
    Lek utan könsbundna mönster2018Ingår i: Förskoletidningen, ISSN 0348-0364, Vol. 43, nr 2Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna populärvetenskapliga artikel diskuteras hur föreställningen om en könsseparerad lekvärld fortfarande lever kvar i förskolan och bidrar till att pedagoger har olika förväntningar på hur flickor och pojkar leker och med vad. I leken skapas, upprätthålls och utmanas olika könsbundna lekmönster och pedagoger behöver därför fråga sig vilka slags lekar som flickor och pojkar uppmuntras att leka.

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    Lek uten könsbundna mönster
  • 240.
    Frödén, Sara
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Situated decoding of gender in a Swedish preschool practice2019Ingår i: Ethnography and Education, ISSN 1745-7823, E-ISSN 1745-7831, Vol. 14, nr 2, s. 121-135Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article is based on data generated in an ethnographic study of gender in a Swedish preschool. Drawing on Judith Butler’s understanding of performativity and (un)doing of gender, a new theoretical concept, situated decoding of gender, is further developed by showing how the material and spatial dimension of the educational practice and the teachers’ actions contribute to establishing and maintaining this process in an early childhood educational setting. Instead of normalising the gender binary, a reverse process occurs that turns what is perceived as feminine or masculine into a gender decoded state in which gender is made less relevant, or even irrelevant. It is argued that this continuous reiterative process emerges and is maintained by three main factors: a) the preschool’s physical environment, b) the regular and repetitive structure of the educational practice and c) the consistent actions of the teachers in the everyday practice. 

  • 241.
    García-Andrade, Adriana
    et al.
    Department of Sociology, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana (UAM), México.
    Gunnarsson, LenaDepartment of Gender Studies, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.Jonasdottir, Anna G.Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Feminism and the Power of Love: Interdisciplinary Interventions2018Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Refereegranskat)
  • 242.
    Goncalves, Ricardo
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Touch as pedagogical action: supporting children’s learning and care and men’s work in ECEC2023Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to gain knowledge about how touch can be pedagogical action in the interplay between men and children in ECEC. Research has shown that touch between preschool teachers and children has been subject to surveillance due to a societal concern about children’s sexual abuse (CSA) and by adoption of policies towards protection of children’s body integrity (Pruit, 2015). Men working in ECEC express concern to be suspected of CSA when they are involved in touch situations with children (Hedlin et al., 2019). The study draws upon Dewey’s pragmatism by examining touch as an action in the transaction between preschool teacher, children, and their environment (Dewey, 1934, 1981). A field study within a qualitative research paradigm was conducted (Patton, 2015). Participant observation was carried out with 45 children and 3 male preschool teachers from three Swedish preschools. Fieldnotes and video recordings were used as data that was analyzed through a thematic analysis within an abductive approach (Conaty, 2021). The preschool teachers and children’s guardians received an information sheet and signed a consent form. Children were informed about the study during a circle time. The names of participants were pseudonymized and a negotiated consent was applied during the observations. The findings indicate that touch becomes pedagogical in five different actions: affective, communicative, supporting, playful and guiding. These findings suggest that touch in form of pedagogical actions create conditions for children’s learning and care. Those actions can also support men’s pedagogical work in touch situations with children in ECEC.

  • 243.
    Gonçalves de Sousa, Ricardo
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Aparecida da Silva Nogueira, Natania
    Mato Grosso do Sul State University, Brazil.
    Gender and sexuality in Brazilian early childhood education2023Ingår i: Gendered and Sexual Norms in Global South Early Childhood Education: Understanding Normative Discourses in Post-Colonial Contexts / [ed] Deevia Bhana; Yuwei Xu; Vina Adriany, UK: Routledge, 2023, 1Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In Brazil, debates about the inclusion of gender and sexuality in early childhood education is fraught with tension. The debates are set against the pro feminist movements that support the inclusion of discussion on gender and sexuality in Brazillian early childhood education; and the rise of conservative groups who reject such discussion as unwarranted, using religious and cultural norms to prevent more progressive ways in which to consider ECE. In this chapter we present findings from a qualitative study based on empirical data from semi-structured interviews with 36 Brazilian ECE teachers. The findings concern interviewee teachers’ perceptions of gender and sexuality in ECE and the impact on their pedagogical work. The findings indicate that cultural beliefs, a lack of national educational policies and support for the inclusion of discussion on gender and sexuality in ECE have effects on how teachers challenge and support the conservative agenda.

  • 244.
    Gottzén, Lucas
    et al.
    Stockholms University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Hearn, Jeff
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Lundqvist, Emma
    Using feminist theory in violence prevention programmes with men and boys 2013Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 245.
    Gottzén, Lucas
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Strid, Sofia
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Sweden: Femicide Across Europe2018Ingår i: Femicide Across Europe: Theory, Research and Prevention / [ed] Shalva Weil, Consuela Corradi and Marcekine Naudi, Bristol: Policy Press, 2018, 1Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 246.
    Griffin, Gabriele
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Benschop, YvonneRadboud University, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.Husu, LiisaÖrebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Feminist Encounters in Research and Innovation: Special Issue2021Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Special issue on feminist encounters in research innovation, including 10 articles.

  • 247.
    Gunnarsson, Lena
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för humaniora, utbildning och samhällsvetenskap.
    A defence of the category 'women'2011Ingår i: Feminist Theory, ISSN 1464-7001, E-ISSN 1741-2773, Vol. 12, nr 1, s. 23-37Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Against influential strands of feminist theory, I argue that there is nothing essentialist or homogenising about the category ‘women’. I show that both intersectional claims that it is impossible to separate out the ‘woman part’ of women, and deconstructionist contentions that the category ‘women’ is a fiction, rest on untenable meta-theoretical assumptions. I posit that a more fruitful way of approaching this disputed category is to treat it as an abstraction. Drawing on the philosophical framework of critical realism I elucidate the nature of the vital and inevitable process of abstraction, as a means of finding a way out of the theoretical and methodological impasse that the ‘ban’ on the category ‘women’ has caused. Contrary to many contemporary feminist theorists, I contend that, although the category ‘women’ does not reflect the whole reality of concrete and particular women, it nevertheless refers to something real, namely the structural position as woman.

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    A defence of the category "women"
  • 248.
    Gunnarsson, Lena
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    A Defence of the Category ‘Women’2020Ingår i: Critical realism, feminism, and gender: A reader / [ed] Michiel van Ingen, Stephanie Grohmann, Lena Gunnarsson, London & New York: Routledge, 2020Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
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    Gunnarsson, Lena
    Örebro universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Accumulated worthiness?: Women and men, love and authority2008Ingår i: Gender and the interests of love: essays in honour of Anna G. Jónasdóttir / [ed] Kathleen B. Jones, Gunnel Karlsson, Örebro: Örebro University , 2008Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
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    Gunnarsson, Lena
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Amarlo por quién es: la microsociología del poder2015Ingår i: Sociológica, ISSN 0187-0173, Vol. 30, nr 85, s. 235-258Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
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