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  • 251.
    Deutschmann, Mats
    et al.
    Department of Humanities, Mid Sweden University, Härnösand, Sweden.
    Panichi, Luisa
    Centro Linguistico Interdipartimentale, Università di Pisa, Pisa, Italy.
    Molka-Danielsen, Judith
    Molde University College, Molde, Norway.
    Designing oral participation in second life: a comparative study of two language proficiency courses2009In: ReCALL, ISSN 0958-3440, E-ISSN 1474-0109, Vol. 21, no 2, p. 206-226Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The following paper presents two stages of an action research project involving two oral proficiency courses held in the virtual world Second Life. Course 1 was conducted during the Autumn of 2007. Based on the experiences of this course, we redesigned many aspects of it in order to improve student activity in terms of oral participation and gave the course again in Spring 2008. By analysing the recordings of four 90-minute sessions, two from each course, we were able to measure student participation based on floor space, turn lengths and turn-taking patterns, and in the study we discuss how different changes in design may have contributed to more favourable outcomes. Results seem to indicate that meaning focussed task design, which involves authenticity and collaborative elements, has a direct impact on learner participation and engagement. Furthermore, our results seem to suggest that technical and social initiations into a complex environment such as SL are important factors that have to be worked into the course design.

  • 252.
    Deutschmann, Mats
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences. Institutionen för språkstudier, Umeå universitet, Umeå, Sweden.
    Steinvall, Anders
    Institutionen för språkstudier, Umeå universitet, Umeå, Sweden.
    Identifying Identity: Using Second Life in the Teaching of Sociolinguistics for the Raising of Gender Awareness2012In: The EUROCALL Review, ISSN 2192-1032, E-ISSN 1695-2618, Vol. 20, p. 49-53Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents further innovative use of virtual worlds under the pilot stages of ASSIS (A Second Step in Second Life), a project funded by Umeå University. One of the aims of the project is to make use of the affordances offered by Second Life in order to raise sociolinguistic language awareness among teacher trainees and other students studying courses in sociolinguistics. Several experiments were conducted where creative use of the avatar in combination with so-called “voice morphing” (a tool which allows the voice of the speaker to be distorted so that a male speaker can sound more feminine and vice versa) allowed students to enter the virtual world incognito in order to “experience” a different linguistic identity. Activities were conducted in cross-cultural settings involving students from Sweden and Chile. The paper presents the initial stages of development of a model for how language awareness issues can be internalised through first-hand experience in virtual worlds.

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  • 253.
    Deutschmann, Mats
    et al.
    Institutionen för språkstudier, Umeå universitet, Umeå, Sweden.
    Steinvall, Anders
    Institutionen för språkstudier, Umeå universitet, Umeå, Sweden.
    Lagerström, Anna
    Institutionen för språkstudier, Umeå universitet, Umeå, Sweden.
    Gender-Bending in Virtual Space: Using Voice-Morphing in Second Life to Raise Sociolinguistic Gender Awareness2011In: Learning a Language in Virtual Worlds: A Review of Innovation and ICT in Language Teaching Methodology, International Conference, Warsaw, 17th November 2011 / [ed] Sławomir Czepielewski, Warsaw: Warsaw Academy of Computer Science, Management and Administration , 2011, p. 54-61Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents further innovative use of virtual worlds under the pilot stages of ASSIS (A Second Step in Second Life), a project funded by Umeå University. One aim of the project is to make use of the affordances offered by Second Life in order to raise sociolinguistic language awareness among teacher trainees and other students studying sociolinguistics. Several experiments have been conducted where creative use of the avatar in combination with so-called “voice-morphing” allowed students to be exposed to, or experience different linguistic identities. In the following paper, we describe four such experiments.In the First one, we recreated a classic sociolinguistic experimental design, the so-called matched-guise test, in order to test whether our female students were evaluated differently on various personal characteristics when they appeared as male avatars. Contrary to previous match-guise studies, our results showed that all the females were more positively evaluated than all the ‘males’. However, this overall pattern was very likely a result of the poor quality of the female-to-male voice-morph. In the second experiment, students were offered the possibility of experiencing the opposite gender in a cross-cultural course setting in SL, in order to reflect over how this “gender change” affected the way they were treated in conversations. Only one student took this opportunity leaving few conclusions, except awareness of the ethically problematic aspects of such arrangements. In the third experiment, we used voice-morphing in SL to raise students’ awareness of how gender stereotypes can influence their perception of teachers. In addition to the real (male) teacher, we created two voice-morphed teacher assistant avatars in SL, one male and one female. Student evaluations showed that they were partly influenced by stereotypes and partly not. The design of the experiment was criticized by the students, however, as they felt that they had had too little time with the teacher assistants to evaluate them properly and therefore gave average ratings. In the fourth study we used similar characters as in the previous study, but in an online lecture during which the real teacher spoke as himself and also gave talks, one as his female and one as his male 55PhD student. The students listening to the lecture evaluated the female PhD student as more likeable and the male PhD student as more intelligent. After, the design was revealed and the students reflected extensively on the result and how unconscious gender stereotypes influence how we judge people. The models and studies presented here point to the potential of virtual worlds as tools for awareness-raising activities regarding gender as a social construct

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  • 254.
    Deutschmann, Mats
    et al.
    Department of Language Studies, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Steinvall, Anders
    Department of Language Studies, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Lagerström, Anna
    Raising Language Awareness Using Digital Media: Methods for Revealing Linguistic Stereotyping2016In: Research methods for creating and curating data in the digital humanities / [ed] Matt Hayler and Gabrielle Griffin, Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2016, p. 158-180Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Whether we are aware of it or not, language is at the heart of the mechanisms leading to stereotyping and inequality. It is one of the major factors that we evaluate when we meet others, and it has long been demonstrated that individuals are judged in terms of intellect and other character traits on the basis of their language output (e.g. Cavallaro & Chin 2009). We also adapt our own language to fit underlying norms and preconceived social stereotypes when we communicate with others. In this way, we help to shape individuals through the way we treat them linguistically, and social identity expressed through language is consequently something that is renegotiated during every meeting between humans (Crawford 1995). An awareness of such mechanisms is especially important for teachers.

    In most language courses aimed at student teachers of various levels, students are given a theoretical overview of research on aspects related to identity (gender, ethnicity, social class etc.) and language. But however well intended, there is a real danger that research focussed on identifying differences also strengthens stereotypes. Further, there is a risk that such theoretical knowledge remains just that; creating the link between so-called factual knowledge – for example, theoretical frameworks and previous studies – and internalized knowledge, applicable in our everyday lives, is especially challenging. This is particularly true in the domain of language, where metalinguistic knowledge ideally should be translated into professional language practice, a key skill for anyone working with human interaction.

    The Chapter explores  preliminary experiments conducted in 2011 where we were able to use digital media in order manipulate identity variables such as gender, and describes the aim of the current project - to further develop and explore experiential pedagogic approaches aimed at raising sociolinguistic language awareness about conceived identity-related phenomena in language, and to systematically test the effects of these methods. The project thereby combines the fields of sociolinguistics, social psychology and digital humanities in an innovative way with the objective to produce tested methods for exposing and combatting linguistic stereotyping. 

  • 255.
    Deutschmann, Mats
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Steinvall, Anders
    Umeå University, Sweden.
    Wang, Airong
    Xi'an Jiaotong-Liverpool University, China.
    Participating on More Equal Terms?: Power, Gender, and Participation in a Virtual World Learning Scenario2019In: Emerging Technologies in Virtual Learning Environments / [ed] K. Becnel, IGI Global, 2019, 1, p. 67-94Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter investigates the potential effects of unequal power relations on participation in a group of student teachers and invited professionals in two collaborative workshops in Second Life. The basic research enquiry addresses whether the relative anonymity afforded by virtual world environments has an effect on established power structures, thereby empowering relatively powerless language learners to more active participation than would be the case in more traditional learning set-ups. The data includes recordings, group reflections, and individual questionnaires. Participation was examined from the aspects of floor space, turn length, and utterance functions, and complemented with student reflections. The results show that the differences of floor space and turn length between the invited professionals and the students were small. The invited professionals did more conversational management than the students, while the students performed more supportive speech acts. No major gender differences in participation were found. There was, however, considerable individual variation.

  • 256.
    Deutschmann, Mats
    et al.
    Department of Language Studies, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Zelime, Justin
    University of Seychelles, Anse Royale, the Seychelles.
    Towards a framework for investigating Language-in-education policies in second-language medium of instruction contexts2014In: Island Studies, ISSN 1694-2582, Vol. 1, no 1, p. 68-77Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Many studies have shown that Second Language (L2) Medium of Instruction (MoI) policies in Africa are linked to educational inequity, substandard teaching practice, low literacy skills and poor overall academic performance. In the light of this background, this paper proposes a framework for making more thorough enquiries into questions related to L2 as MoI, L2 writing and academic success. The framework uses the Seychelles, a small island nation in the Indian Ocean, as its point of departure. Here the L1, Seychelles Creole, is used as MoI during the first two years of education and is then abruptly replaced by English – a practice model typical in the region. Given that primary six and secondary five national exams indicate that many learners have limited literacy skills in English, it is reasonable to postulate that current policies may contribute to educational inequity, especially given that the present-day system relies heavily on written examinations.

    Taking its vantage point from a Social Practice (Street, 1984) model of literacy (Purcell-Gates, Perry & Briseño, 2011), the proposed framework approaches the “problem” from several perspectives such as curriculum questions related to L2 and L1 literacy and how/whether these live up to practical student needs; the learner perspective and how external factors may affect learners’ prerequisites to acquire adequate L2 literacy skills; teaching aspects that may affect learning; the role of L1 literacy in L2 literacy development, and sociolinguistic factors such as the status of the languages in question in society. An eclectic approach is proposed in order to shed more light on the effects of L2 MoI in the Seychelles, with the ultimate aim to provide a more informed foundation for future educational policy making. The proposed framework is highly relevant for all post-colonial contexts where L2s are used as MoIs.

  • 257.
    Deutschmann, Mats
    et al.
    Department of Humanities, Mid Sweden University, Härnösand, Sweden.
    Ädel, Anneli
    Department of Humanities, Mid Sweden University, Härnösand, Sweden.
    Garettson, Gregory
    Walker, Terry
    Department of Humanities, Mid Sweden University, Härnösand, Sweden.
    Introducing Mini-McCALL: a pilot version of the Mid-Sweden Corpus of Computer-Assisted Language Learning2009In: ICAME Journal/International Computer Archive of Modern English, ISSN 0801-5775, E-ISSN 1502-5462, no 33, p. 21-44Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we present Mini-McCALL, a 1.3-million-word corpus of computer-mediated communication in the context of online English university courses.The data consist of three types of written communication – both between students and between students and teachers – in English: discussion forum messages, e-mail messages, and documents handed in as assignments.This pilot corpus comprises the first stage of a proposed 10-million-word corpus of computer-assisted language learning based on the online English courses offered by the Department of Humanities at Mid-Sweden University (Mittuniversitetet).In what follows, we first consider e-learning – online, off-campus study,where the medium of instruction and communication involves computer technology– from a theoretical perspective, and the need for such a corpus as ours to facilitate research into this new learning environment, as well as into the language used in e-learning. We then describe the structure and content of Mini-McCALL and highlight both the research potential of the material and studiescurrently underway, as well as looking forward to the future development of the full Mid-Sweden Corpus of Computer-Assisted Language Learning (McCALL).Both Mini-McCALL and the ultimate McCALL corpus will be made freely available to the research community.

  • 258.
    Dirani, John
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Doganson, Eveline
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Reciprocal undervisning - en studie om lässtrategier och deras betydelser2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    One of the many core aspects of learning a language involves reading comprehension. Being able to not only read but understand and decipher the context of content is one of the many factors that are essential in order to fully comprehend a subject. Reading comprehension is this assignments main focus and we have delved into this category through a literature study.For this literature study, we have analyzed the research of multiple different theses as well as scientific articles. Various different studies have been made regarding reading comprehension. We however, have decided to primarily engage in the reading strategies that were originally formed by Palincsar and Brown. The research in which these two authors elaborated on a reading strategy called reciprocal teaching. The content of this assignment discusses the meaning of reciprocal teaching, its' benefits as well as the disadvantages of using the strategy.The reason why this reading comprehension strategy originated lies within the fact that many students were lacking in understanding what they were reading. This became an evident issue that had to be addressed as school results were gradually decreasing. As reciprocal teaching became some sort of phenomena, many countries wanted to implement the strategy into their schools - this includes Sweden.Throughout the many years in which the strategy has been used in schools all over the world, statistics have shown that reciprocal teaching is a valid method for increased knowledge in reading comprehension. In Swedish institutional schools, reciprocal teaching is being used on a daily basis. It has however translated and expanded itself into what is being called "läsfixarna" which this assignment will also discuss. The results show that reciprocal teaching is a fundamentally working strategy that has proven to improve reading comprehension.

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  • 259.
    Eckervald, Klara
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Edvardsson, Bo
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Barns verbala repetitioner: Är dessa tecken på incest?1995Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Totally 138 cases of verbal repetitions among preschool children have been collected. No age difference has been found, but the boys have a peak somewhat later than the girls. The personnel differs in how they handle repetitions. No case has been reported to the social services. 

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  • 260.
    Edberg, Hélène
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Kreativt skrivande för kritiskt tänkande2015Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
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  • 261.
    Edenholm, Josefine
    Örebro University, Department of Humanities.
    Ordkunskap: Om gymnasieungdomars ordförståelse2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 262.
    Edholm, Roger
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    The written and the unwritten world of Philip Roth: fiction, nonfiction, and borderline aesthetics in the Roth books2012Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines five books by the American author Philip Roth commonly referred to as the “Roth Books,” which are The Facts: A Novelist’s Autobiography(1988), Deception (1990), Patrimony: A True Story (1991), Operation Shylock: A Confession (1993), and The Plot Against America (2004). These books, held together by the author’s proper name, are often viewed as texts that conflate fiction and nonfiction or demonstrate the “fictionality” of all factual narrative accounts in compliance with well-known postmodernist and poststructuralist theories. Contrary to this view, I argue that a valid understanding of the Roth Books demands that we acknowledge that these works represent a series of quite different ways for the author to transform his own life into written form, a creative act which is manifested in both fictional and nonfictional writing. In the attempt to argue this view, I turn to a field of study where the question about criteria for distinguishing fictional from nonfictional narrative literature has occupied a prominent place: narrative theory. However, my theoretical and methodological point of departure does not align itself with the “standard” paradigm in narrative theory with its origin in classical, structuralist narratology. Rather, the thesis promotes a pragmatic and rhetorical perspective which is argued to better account for how we read and make sense of different narrative texts. In opposition to standard narrative theory, where all narratives are considered to adhere to the same model of communication, I argue in favour of a view where narrative fiction and narrative nonfiction are conceived as distinct communicative practices. I open the thesis by showing that Roth’s books contribute to the discussion on how to distinguish fictional from nonfictional narrative texts (Chapter 1). I then continue by approaching the distinction between fiction and nonfiction in general theoretical terms (Chapter 2). And in what follows (Chapters 3-5), I present a reading where the Roth Books are juxtaposed against each other. This reading demonstrates how these texts, although in some sense related, because of their divergent qualities and differing intentions still communicate differently with their readers, inviting a readerly attention that is dissimilar from one work to the other.

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  • 263.
    Edvardsson, Bo
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work. Göteborgs universitet, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Westin, Agneta
    Göteborgs universitet, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Inlärning och långtidsminne av olika approximationer till språkets statistiska natur1968Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet är att studera inlärning och minnesbehållning hos ordsekvenser med olika grad av approximation till svenska språket samt att bestämma graden av statistiskt samband inom sekvenserna  med gissningsteknik. Resultatet av experimenten innebär att ju högre approximationsgrad hos en ordsekvens, desto lättare att lära in den. 

  • 264.
    Ehnfors, Rebecca
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Hur påverkar engelska svordomar det svenska språket?2020Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna systematiska litteraturstudie undersöks engelska svordomars påverkan på det svenska språket. Syftet med undersökningen är att jämföra svordomar på svenska med svordomar på engelska. Detta görs genom att undersöka vilka ord som lånats in i svenskan från engelskan. Resultaten av studien visar att det primärt är ord inom kategorin könsord som lånats in genom ordlån i det svenska språket.

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  • 265.
    Ehnfors, Rebecca
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    The concept of culture What does the syllabus say?2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Cultural studies consist of more than just facts about cultural features. Theorists within the field of culture pedagogy emphasize that culture should be viewed as a dynamic and complex phenomenon rather than an accomplished fact, and stress the importance of connecting cultural studies to democratic values. Clear traces of this notion can be found in the English syllabus. But to get the full picture of what the syllabus actually says about culture, and which democratic values culture pedagogy should promote, we need to relate the concept of culture to the concept of critical literacy.

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  • 266.
    Ek, Rebecca
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Att skriva sig till läsning: - En genomgång av forskningsresultat kring Arne Tragetons metod Att skriva sig till läsning2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 267.
    Ekegren, Emma
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Att läsa för att lära: -En läromedelsanalys gällande elevers vidareutveckling av läsförståelse2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 268.
    Ekelund, Johanna
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Grimms ”Rapunsel” & Disneys  Trassel: – En komparativ studie2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 269.
    Eksell, Moa
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Utvecklingsnivåer och språkliga kvalitéer: ‐ En jäföande studie av Performanalysen och Processbarhetsteorin2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 270.
    Elfstrand, Olivia
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Hur mångkultur framställs i tvåbarnböcker –En motivstudie av två barnböcker som skildrar förorten2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I uppsatsen analyseras två kapitelböcker anpassade för barn och som utspelar sig i förorten. De analyserade böckerna är Douglas Foleys bok Habib: meningen med livet (2005), samt Dogge Doggelitos bok Izzy & gänget (2011). I böckerna analyseras hur mångkultur framställs på olika sätt, studien syftar även till att se om det uppkommer eventuella kulturkrockar. En ytterligare aspekt är att ta reda på huruvida böckerna är användbara för lärare som ett verktyg i sin undervisning och ett hjälpmedel för att skapa diskussioner kring ämnet mångkultur, då det i dagens samhälle kan vara en utmaning att diskutera kring nämnda ämne. Uppsatsen är en motivstudie och de metoder som har använts som hjälpmedel är närläsning av böckerna samt en komparativ analys. Som teori för analysen har bland annat tidigare forskning kring mångkultur i både samhälle och barnböcker används. Resultatet har påvisat att båda böckerna framställer mångkultur både varierat och konkret. Man kan även utläsa att mångkulturen framställs övervägande positivt i de två böcker som studien baserats på. Boken Izzy & gänget (2011) framställer mångkulturen med enbart positiva ordalag. Habib: meningen med livet (2005) är mer tudelad i sin presentation av mångkulturen, de positiva sidorna framställs men författaren tar även upp en del negativa aspekter, tillexempel kulturkrockar som får negativa konsekvenser. Resultatet påvisar även att de två böcker som undersökts kan användas som material för diskussion kring mångkultur i undervisningen.

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  • 271.
    Elfving, Johanna
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Framställningen av manliga och kvinnliga egenskaper i ungdomsböcker utgivna 2018 – Ellinor, Den där Jonny Jonsson--‐‑ohnson & Comedy Queen2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 272.
    Elfwing, Jacob
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Från ragnarök till ainulindalë: En komparativ studie av Eddan och J.R.R. Tolkiens The Silmarillion2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Jacob Elfwing: Från ragnarök till ainulindalë: En komparativ studie av Eddan och J.R.R. Tolkiens The Silmarillion (2017). Självständigt arbete. Svenska Va, 15 högskolepoäng. Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.

    Uppsatsen analyserar J.R.R. Tolkiens roman The Silmarillion (1977) i förhållande till Eddan. Syftet med analysen är att se hur den nordiska mytologin återkommer i Tolkiens verk och vad detta kan tänkas få för betydelse för romanen. En komparativ metod används i form av parallell läsning av Tolkiens roman och Eddan. Analysen visar att The Silmarillion på olika plan har likheter med Eddan. I vissa fall rör det sig om uppenbara influenser medan andra likheter är mer allmänna och inte med säkerhet kan påstås komma från Eddan. Däremot kan man knappast säga att Eddan haft någon mer djupgående inverkan på The Silmarillion som helhet. Avslutningsvis behandlas studiens didaktiska potential inom gymnasieskolan.

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  • 273.
    Eliasson, Albin
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Monstrous Truths and Hidden Lies:: A Reading of Frankenstein's Narrative Structure and its Effects2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 274.
    Eliasson, Lina
    Örebro University, Department of Humanities.
    Ideologin i argumentationen: en närstudie av argumentationen i sex ledartexter från Nerikes Allehanda2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 275.
    Eliasson, Matilda
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    En undersökning av Agnes Cecilia - en sällsam historiaen roman av Maria Gripe: - utrifrån sökande, spegling och metamorfos2010Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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    FULLTEXT01
  • 276.
    Elrajeh, Amina
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Mujakic, Alisa
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Läsinlärningsmetoder - en systematisk litteraturstudie2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 277.
    Engdahl, Emma
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Gelang, Marie
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    O'Brien, Alyssa
    Program in Writing and Rhetoric, Stanford University, Stanford CA, USA.
    The visual rhetoric of store-window mannequins2011In: Argumentation: cognition & community / [ed] Frank Zenker, 2011, p. 6-6Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This collaborative paper examines the visual rhetoric of mannequins: the embodied media representation of the future consumer. Citing material evidence from Sweden, the USA, Egypt, Singapore, and China, the paper explores the visual arguments of mannequins as they embody female and male con-structions of identity, position, and power, both reflecting and shaping social doxa with regard to gender norms, sexuality, religious behavior, end even nationality.

  • 278.
    Engelbrekts, Maria
    Örebro University, Department of Humanities.
    En destruktiv man: En studie av varsel och symbolik i Henning Mankells roman 2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 279.
    Engelbrekts, Maria
    Örebro University, Department of Humanities.
    En destruktiv man- en studie av varsel och symbolik i Henning Mankells roman Djup2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning

    Jag har tolkat romanen Djup utifrån temat den destruktiva friheten. Jag har också frilagt och tolkat de ganska tydliga varsel som förekommer i romanen och undersökt vilken effekt dessa ger på läsaren. Vidare har jag undersökt varför och i vilket syfte författaren har låtit romanen utspela sig i den tid som den gör. Jag har presenterat min tolkning av de personer som figurerar i Djup och i vilka miljöer de skildras. Jag har hittat en symbol i form av det återkommande lodet och tolkat vilken betydelse det har för berättelsen och för huvudpersonen. Jag har närmare undersökt på vilket sätt bokens titel har betydelse för romanen då jag påstår att den är dubbeltydig. Ett avsnitt har jag valt att kalla katastrofen då den skildrar vad alla varsel pekat fram mot. Jag har i mindre utsträckning påpekat likheter med Mankells tidigare verk och skrivit en kortare biografi. En kortare sammanfattning av Djup har gjorts.

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  • 280.
    Englöf, Anna
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Sagans förtrollade skog En ekokritisk studie om människans möte med naturen i den bauerska sagovärlden2020Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen undersöker människans möte med sagans förtrolla(n)de skog i tre sagor från tidigt

    1900-tal: Jeanna Oterdahls ”Prinsen utan skugga”, Helena Nybloms ”Oskuldens vandring”

    och Elsa Beskows ”När trollmor skötte kungens storbyk”. Sagorna gavs första gången ut i

    jultidningen Bland tomtar och troll, och alla innehåller bilder av illustratören John Bauer.

    Illustrationernas popularitet har givit upphov till senare sagosamlingars titlar, såsom John

    Bauers förtrollande sagovärld (2009), och närmast till att vi kan tala om bauersagor som

    begrepp. Syftet med studien är att undersöka hur mötet mellan människa och skog skildras i

    text och bild, och på vilket sätt sagornas väsen påverkar den idé om människans relation till

    skogen som förmedlas via berättelserna. Analysen anlägger ett ekokritiskt perspektiv på

    sagorna, och det framgår att texten huvudsakligen ger uttryck för en antropocentrisk

    världsbild medan illustrationerna i flera avseenden kan uppfattas överensstämma med en

    motsatt biocentrisk. Undersökningens centrala slutsats är att sagoväsendena besjälar skogen

    och bidrar till den idé om skogen sagorna förmedlar. Ekokritiska analysbegrepp och

    ekokritisk teori appliceras på text och bild och sagorna förstås som en del av diskursen om

    skogen, vilken reproduceras varje gång någon läser en saga. Ansatsen är kritisk, men här lyfts

    även en diskussion om berättelsernas eko-didaktiska potential.

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  • 281.
    Englöv, Fanny
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Vi på Saltkråkan ur ett genusperspektiv -En karaktärsanalys av könsroller i Astrid Lindgrens Vi på Saltkråkan 2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats analyserar Astrid Lindgrens roman Vi på Saltkråkan (1964), det enda av Lindgrens alla verk som till en början skrevs som manus till TV-serien innan den publicerades som bok. Syftet med denna uppsats är att analysera Lindgrens verk utifrån ett genusperspektiv. Boken kommer att granskas utifrån hur flickor och pojkar framställs samt ifall dessa framställs i motsatsförhållande till varandra. I slutet av uppsatsen diskuteras även hur lärare på mellanstadiet kan använda sig av Vi på Saltkråkan i undervisningen för att belysa genus. I uppsatsen tillämpas metodansatsen kvalitativ textanalys med ett genusperspektiv. En karaktärsanalys av de fem huvudkaraktärerna: Malin, Pelle, Tjorven, Melker och Stina, genomförs utifrån hur de framställs genom handlingar och hur de är beskrivna. För att genomföra analysen av karaktärerna används två analysverktyg: Maria Nikolajevas (2017) motsatsschema för manliga och kvinnliga egenskaper samt Maria Österlunds (2005) indelning av det stereotypa manliga och kvinnliga. Resultatet visar att Lindgren tillskriver alla fem karaktärer såväl normbrytande som stereotypa, utifrån dess egenskaper. Varje huvudkaraktär framställs med både manliga och kvinnliga egenskaper, oavsett det biologiska könet.

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  • 282.
    Ericson, Lina
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Elevers tidiga läsutveckling: - En undersökning av fyra lärares arbete med och förhållningssätt till elevers tidiga läsutveckling.2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 283.
    Eriksson, Agnes
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Från lång version till lättläst: – En komparativ textanalys av Maj Bylocks lättlästa version av Robinson Crusoe, samt en längre version av Robinson Crusoe.2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats är en komparativ textanalys av Maj Bylocks lättlästa version av Daniel Defoes Robinson Crusoe (1995) och en längre version av Daniel Defoe, översatt av Britt Edlund (2010). Syftet med analysen är att i jämförelse med den längre versionen, undersöka hur kriterier för en lättläst bok kommer till uttryck i Bylocks lättlästa version. Syftet är även att urskilja fördelar och nackdelar med den lättlästa versionen. Analysen görs utifrån olika kriterier för lättläst från Reichenberg och Lundberg (2008/2009) och Ahlén (2003), och analysens resultat diskuteras främst utifrån Wittings (1979) teorier om handling och språk i en lättläst bok.Analysens resultat visar att flera kriterier för en lättläst bok kommer till uttryck i Bylocks lättlästa version. Vissa kriterier synliggörs dock på ett mer otydligt sätt, bland annat handlingen, där flera detaljer försvunnit i Bylocks lättlästa version. Utifrån analysen visas flera positiva och negativa aspekter. På den positiva sidan visas bland annat att illustrationerna i Bylocks lättlästa version ger stöd till texten och att meningarna är så pass korta att läsaren hinner ta till sig eventuella svåra ord. På den negativa sidan visas bland annat att definitioner på okända ord inte finns med, samt att karaktärerna i boken ges en vag beskrivning vilket kan medföra svårigheter för läsaren att knyta an till karaktärerna.

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  • 284.
    Eriksson, Anders
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Argumentative Topoi for refutation and confirmation2012In: Topical themes in argumentation theory: twenty exploratory studies / [ed] Frans H. van Eemeren, Bart Garssen, Springer Netherlands, 2012, p. 209-220Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Topos is an important concept both in rhetorical and dialectical forms of argumentation theories. In dialectical theories, topos often signifies a kind of argument scheme, divorced from the context. In rhetoric, topos is intimately connected with the invention of argument for specific contexts. Long lists of topoi therefore fill the rhetorical handbooks. These lists are heuristic guides helping students to learn a habit of thinking by which they will be able to creatively find arguments for the occasion. In the rhetorical tradition, the art of finding arguments for and against a position is taught in the twin rhetorical exercises refutation and confirmation. They belong to the progymnasmata, a set of preliminary exercises designed to teach students the art of rhetoric. Both refutation and confirmation are built around a set of topoi which function both as heuristic guides and as analytical tools. These topoi are ‘the clear’, ‘the persuasive’, ‘the possible’, ‘the logical’, ‘the appropriate’ and ‘the advantageous’. Each of these topoi is accompanied by its opposite so that the student will look both for the clear and the unclear, for the persuasive and the unpersuasive, for the possible and the impossible, the logical and the illogical, the appropriate and the inappropriate, the advantageous and the disadvantageous. The students begin by clarifying the issue and defining the terms. Secondly they look to the audience for whom the position would be persuasive. They continue to consider the physical world and its limitations. Fourthly, they consider the formal relationship between the propositions in the argument. Finally they consider the appropriate conventions in the rhetorical situation and the advantage for which the different participants argue. The method is critical as well as creative, actively engaging the possible objections from the opposing side. This is a sophistic method of teaching argumentation and it has been at the heart of the rhetorical tradition ever since antiquity. The article compares this rhetorical method of teaching argumentation to modern dialectical theories and claims that the rhetorical topoi are better for teaching argumentation to students than modern approaches to argumentation.

  • 285.
    Eriksson, Clara
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    ”Hur mycket sorg ryms i ett människobröst?”: – en analys av Ylva Ugglas bok Min mamma bor  på en  stjärna2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats bygger på en textanalys av Ylva Ugglas  bok Min  mamma bor på en stjärna. Syftet med  uppsatsen  är i första  hand  att analysera  hur  att barns  sorg porträtteras  i Min mamma bor på en stjärna. Men uppsatsen har även som syfte att diskutera hur ett barns sorg kan påverka  lärandet  och hur  lärare  kan jobba med  skönlitteratur   som en metod  i klassrummet. Syftet med uppsatsen grundar  sig  i mina  egna  bristande  kunskaper  kring  detta ämne  efter  avslutad   lärarutbildning   och målet  blir  då att sprida  kunskap  kring ämnet.Resultatet   visar  att Min  mamma bor på en stjärna porträtterar  sorg  på fler  sätt än enbart saknad  efter  sin  bortgångna  mamma. Sorg hos  ett barn kan till   exempel  innebära  förlusten  av en bästa vän. Resultatet visar på att ett barns sorg kan yttra sig på flera  olika  sätt,  bland  annat genom  tårar,  ensamhet   och ilska.   Uppsatsen  framhäver   litteratursamtal  som en bra arbetsmetod när det gäller att arbeta med sorg tillsammans med eleverna. Avslutningsvis visar uppsatsen  att det är viktigt   att lärare  vågar  arbeta  med  sorg och död i klassrummet   eftersom det kan innebära  att döden inte  framstår  som främmande   för  ett barn.

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  • 286.
    Eriksson, Erik
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Is it called she or he?: A study of pronoun use in relation to animals2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 287.
    Eriksson, Erik
    et al.
    Umeå Univ, Umeå, Sweden.
    Sullivan, Kirk
    Umeå Univ, Umeå, Sweden.
    Zetterholm, Elisabeth
    Linne Univ, Växjö, Sweden.
    Czigler, Peter
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences.
    Green, James
    Univ Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand.
    Skagerstrand, Åsa
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences.
    van Doorn, Jan
    Umeå Univ, Umeå, Sweden.
    Detection of imitated voices: who are reliable earwitnesses?2010In: The international journal of speech language and the law, ISSN 1748-8885, Vol. 17, no 1, p. 25-44Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Factors affecting an individual's ability to identify people aurally are of forensic importance. This paper investigates how topic, dialect, gender, age, and hearing status affect detection of an imitated voice. Two imitations of the same person, but on different topics, were used as familiarization voices. One topic was associated with this person, and the other was not. Using discrimination sensitivity (d-prime) it was found that topic had a significant impact on d', as did age (but only when the topic was not associated with the imitated person). Dialect, gender and hearing status were not significant. The older group of listeners was less convinced by the imitations and in particular the one not associated with the person being imitated. These results imply that the validity of earwitness evidence is negatively affected by age and topic.

  • 288.
    Eriksson, Madelene
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Kallocain och Aniara: en tematisk komparation2010Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I den här uppsatsen gör jag en tematisk komparation mellan Karin Boyes roman Kallocain (1940) och Harry Martinsons epos Aniara (1956). Då jag utgår från att båda verken ingår i den dystopiska genren så redogör jag för vad en dystopi är. Jag ger en kort författarpresentation om respektive författare och tar upp tidigare forskning samt diskuterar begreppet tema och går igenom handlingen i de undersökta verken. Det som följer är undersökningen där jag går igenom romanen Kallocain och eposet Aniara tema för tema och undersöker om det finns några eventuella skillnader och/eller likheter i framställningen. Jag inleder temakomparationen med tema kärlek där jag kommer fram till att kärlek förekommer i de båda verken men skildras på olika sätt. I Aniara skildras kärleken mellan eposets berättare, mimaroben, och olika kvinnliga karaktärer, som får symbolisera ett spektrum av kärlek. Kärleken skildras som äkta och okonstlad i Aniara medan det i Kallocain skildras en rädsla för att komma för känslomässigt nära andra människor då det ses som ett hot mot den Världsstat de lever i. Jag kommer fram till att det vetenskapliga temats skildring kan kopplas till att de undersökta verken hör till varsin riktning inom dystopin som genre och att det finns skillnader i skildringen av konsten då den har olika syften för de fiktiva människorna i verken. Jag kommer fram till att de finns både skillnader och likheter i temat människosyn då människan se som en snarast obetydlig del av en större och viktigare helhet i Kallocain, men att det i båda verken framgår att makthavare missbrukar sin makt då de till exempel kan fängsla människor på otillräckliga grunder.

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  • 289.
    Eriksson, Moa
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Lärares uppfattningar, kunskap och arbete kring funktionsnedsättningen dyslexi – En systematisk litteraturstudie2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen är en systematisk litteraturstudie där jag har använt mig av en kvalitativ

    innehållsanalys med en induktiv ansats som analysmetod. Analysen har utförts på sju stycken

    vetenskapliga artiklar som i resultatet har sammanställts i olika framarbetade mönster och

    teman. Syftet med analysen har varit att framställa verksamma lärares uppfattningar, kunskap

    och arbete kring funktionsnedsättningen dyslexi och även beskriva på vilket sätt detta kan

    skapa en likvärdig utbildning för dessa elever. Uppsatsen har utgått från en systematisk

    litteraturstudie där en innehållsanalys med en induktiv ansats har använts vid analyseringen.

    De sju vetenskapliga artiklarna har sökts upp i databaserna SwePub och ERIC-EBSCO.

    Resultatet av analysen har visat att det finns en mycket varierad kunskap kring i hur lärare

    definierar dyslexi och att det inte finns någon skillnad i vilken kunskap kring dyslexi, som nya

    och erfarna lärare har. Däremot känner sig erfarna lärare sig mer bekväma i att undervisa

    dyslektiker än nya lärare. Det är viktigt för nya lärare att ta del av deras kunskap kring detta.

    Föräldrasamverkan anses som en avgörande del i att kunna utveckla elevers fonologiska

    medvetenhet, både i hemmet och i skolan. Lärare visar flera gynnsamma stöd i

    undervisningen med dyslektiker, så som att använda sig av datorer, surfplattor, bildskärmar

    och bildstöd. Dock visar det sig att det finns en varierad kunskap kring att kunna använda

    tekniska hjälpmedel mellan olika lärare, vilket tyder på behov av mer utbildning.

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  • 290.
    Eriksson, Sara
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Vad styr hjältens resa?: En diskussion om genuskonstruktioner i fantasy2014Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 291.
    Eriksson-Sköld, Maria
    Örebro University, Department of Humanities.
    On the use of the passive: A comparative study of dissertation abstracts in the fields of science versus the humanities and the social sciences2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 292.
    Erkstam, Sara
    Örebro University, Department of Humanities.
    Father - Daughter Relationships in Jane Austen's Pride and Prejudice, Persuasion and Emma2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 293.
    Ersson, Sebastian
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Perversion, pornografi och provokation: - En litteraturvetenskaplig analys av Markis de Sades Filosofin i sängkammaren2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this essay I attempt to analyse Donatien Alphonse François de Sade’s book Philosophy in the boudoir (1795). I have used a Swedish translation of the book by Hans Johansson (2002) for my analysis. For my analysis I have used four main categories: the philosophy, the provocation, the perversion and the pornography in de Sade’s book. I also have a short didactic discussion at the end of the essay where I look at how de Sade’s literature could be used in the Swedish upper- secondary school.De Sade’s provocation seems mainly aimed at the church and religion, but depending on your personal views you may also be provoked by his stance on humanity, women and how he thinks that society should be run. The pornography in the book seems to be more like a text- or handbook in sex and sexual activities rather than designed to excite the reader. Even though the perversions displayed in the book may also have lost their edge with time some episodes take a darker turn and goes from sexual perversions to pure torture. Finally, de Sade’s philosophy is similar to other philosopher’s but he goes further and is more extreme in his total annihilation of God and moral. His philosophy is also quite impractical and seems to have provocation as its main objective.

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  • 294.
    Ersson, Sebastian
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Reasons for Reading:: An Analysis of the Role of Literature in the Swedish andEnglish Subject Syllabi in the 2011 Curriculum for Upper- Secondary School (Lgy11)2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 295.
    Ervo, Laura
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Facing people through language use - linguistic tools to make proceedings fair2016In: International Journal of Legal Discourse, ISSN 2364-883X, Vol. 1, no 2, p. 277-293Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Court proceedings should be fair. Accordingly, the right to be heard has traditionally been considered one of the fundamental principles of court proceedings. Earlier, this right was mainly interpreted in a normative and rather passive sense. Recently, however, the interpretation of the right to be heard has developed towards the requirement of active and factual participation of court parties on equal terms with the other parties involved. The explanation for this should be sought in modern (procedural) law, which is more sociologically influenced than has previously been the case. Nowadays fairness is also about feelings. Welfare in courts means not only the rule of law and legal security in its traditional form, but also a good atmosphere and the presence of concrete means to give fair experiences to people who visit courts. This places communication and interaction between judges and parties in a central position as some of the most important instruments for achieving a fair hearing. With regard to the formulation of judgments and decisions, it is important that court lawyers put themselves in the parties’ situation and give careful deliberation to the purpose of their texts and how they will be perceived and understood by those concerned. The media, too, has a key role to play as a communicating link between the courts and citizens. For the media to be able to give an all-round and balanced picture of the courts, decision-making processes in courts must, as far as possible, be observable, or, in other words, transparent. Therefore, courts are in the process of throwing open their doors and judges no longer tend to hide behind their law-books. Post-modern legal decision-making is “doing justice together” rather than isolated use of power. Courts need to face people. And to do that, they need to master the most crucial instrument of all, namely appropriate language use. The present article discusses how to realize/operationalize this “modern” form of fairness in courts and how to maintain it with reference to legal theory and practical needs.

  • 296.
    Ervo, Laura
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Multiculturalism in the fact gathering2013In: Proceedings of The Third International Conference on Law, Translation and Culture. May 31 - June 2, 2013, Hangzhou, China. / [ed] Cheng, L.; Hale, L.; He, Q; Sun, L., Marietta: The American Scholars Press , 2013, p. XXV-XXXChapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the frame of the free reception and evaluation of evidence where the court decides what has been proofed in the case, misunderstandings during the fact gathering can lead to a wrong decision. From this perspective multicultural situations are extremely challenging. Therefore, cultural and multicultural differences should be taken into consideration much more. They should be a part in the legal education and there should be more discussion on the topic. In addition, court proceedings should be organized in such a way:where different cultural needs are taken into consideration. Judges should also be more aware of the legal ethnology.

  • 297.
    Eränen, Madelen
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Gotiska grepp i Jane Eyre: -En komparation mellan romanen och två filmatiseringar2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    [Material:] Uppsatsen analyserar Gun-Britt Sundströms svensköversättning av Charlotte Brontës roman Jane Eyre (1999) och två filmatiseringar från år 1997 och 2011.[Syfte:] Att studera och jämföra vilka gotiska grepp som används i romanen Jane Eyre och filmatiseringarna från 1997 och 2011, och vilka gotiska effekter som dominerar samt om effekterna påverkas när texten blir film?[Teori/Metod:] Uppsatsen utgår ifrån valda gotiska begrepp som: det sublima, terror, horror och spänning (suspense).[Resultat:] Analysens resultat visade att samtliga valda gotiska begrepp och dess effekter finns i samtliga verk. Det sublima och terror är de effekter som visade sig dominera i romanen och filmatiseringarna. Avslutningsvis visade det sig att de gotiska effekterna minskade på grund av filmatiseringarnas komprimerade handling.

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  • 298.
    Etzler, Anita
    Örebro University, Department of Humanities.
    Att bejaka sin kärlek - Två kvinnors mod: En tematisk studie av Selma Lagerlöfs noveller2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 299.
    Etzler, Anita
    Örebro University, Department of Humanities.
    Att bejaka sin kärlek - Två kvinnors mod: En tematisk studie av Selma Lagerlöfs noveller 2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Tematiken mod. Två kvinnor , Anne-Marie och Ebba ur novellerna "Dunungen" och "Gravskriften" lyckas genom sitt mod att övervinna det patriarkalaförtryck som de lever i. De når en större frihet och vågar bejaka sina känslor och stå upp för sin kärlek.

  • 300. Ewins, Kristin
    1848 in the Mind of a 1930s Radical2005Conference paper (Other academic)
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