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  • 251.
    Balkmar, Dag
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Violent traffic: Men, Masculinities and road conflicts in ’cycling friendly’ Sweden2015Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    When cyclists begin to take up more space in traffic than before, conflicts appear. The number of cyclists in Stockholm city has increased with more than 70 % in a decade (150 000 cyclists/day). In Sweden, a country where cycling is considered ‘normal’ and relatively ‘safe’, there have been media reports about “hatred” against cyclists when describing the antagonism between (male) cyclists and (male) car drivers, as well as between cyclists and pedestrians, in traffic-dense environments. A male cyclists comments to the Swedish Television about the Stockholm traffic situation: ”There is a general hatred towards cyclists. Things are thrown at me, I got spayed with windscreen washer fluid etc. It’s way too much of that” (van Luik 2013). Given the current political renaissance of cycling in Sweden, conflicts between more or less vulnerable road users are becoming increasingly important to investigate in a society where the hegemony of the car needs to be challenged in favor of more sustainable travel.

    The aim of this presentation is to, based on media material, interviews and cyclists online discussion-forums, discuss cyclist’s situation in traffic-dense environments from an intersectional gender and violence perspective. Violence, with its multiple and varied forms and expressions, takes many forms. In this presentation, I address violent traffic, hence bringing discussions about violence in traffic to the analytical core. Following this, the presentation addresses not only the conditions for achieving sustainable mobility in a culture where the hegemony of the car is being challenged, but the need to problematize men and masculinities in relation to sustainable mobilities and urgent shifts in mobility patterns.

     

  • 252.
    Balkmar, Dag
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Våld i trafiken: om cyklisters utsatthet för kränkningar, hot och våld i massbilismens tidevarv2014Inngår i: Tidskrift för Genusvetenskap, ISSN 1654-5443, E-ISSN 2001-1377, Vol. 35, nr 2-3, s. 31-54Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    When cyclists begin to take up more traffic space than before, conflicts appear. In Sweden, the media has reported on hatred against cyclists when describing the antagonism between (male) cyclists and (male) car drivers, as well as between cyclists and pedestrians, in traffic-dense environments. Despite the current political renaissance of cycling in Sweden, the proportion of personal trips in which the bike is the main mode of transport has remained largely unchanged over the past fifteen years. This has in part been linked to cyclists’ experiences of insecurity in traffic space. Therefore, conflicts between more or less vulnerable road users are becoming increasingly important to investigate in a society where car normativity needs to be challenged in favour of more sustainable travel. The aim of this article is to, based on media material, policy reports, interviews and cyclists’ online discussion-forums, study the situation of cyclists to discuss their situation in a car-normative environment from a gender and violence perspective. What forms of conflicts do cyclists negotiate in their everyday traffic environment? How can this be understood in relation to gender and violence? It is argued that cyclists are being positioned in contradictory ways: as vulnerable and exposed on the one hand, and as particularly dangerous road users in need of disciplining and interventions on the other. Not only do cyclists negotiate their situation by viewing themselves as drivers would, namely as more or less invisible. They are also subjected to what has been called ‘hatred’: discursive and even physical violence directed towards cyclists for taking up too much traffic space from motorists. Examples of (violent) resistance against and negotiation with the self-evident nature of (male) motorists’ entitlement to traffic space are given. In the final part of the paper I suggest that the violence needs to be understood as deeply embedded within larger gendered structural formations of mass motorism and traffic space.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Fulltext
  • 253.
    Balkmar, Dag
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Våld i trafiken: om cyklisters utsatthet för kränkningar, hot och våld i omställning mot hållbart resande2015Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [sv]

    Att fler ska välja cykeln som huvudsakligt vardagstransportmedel är en stor transportpolitisk utmaning. I den mediala rapporteringen om trafiken i storstäderna har det dock under senare år talats om hot, våld och aggressivitet mellan bilister och cyklister. Samtidigt som undersökningar visar att upplevd osäkerhet minskar andelen cyklister så har transportforskningen sällan intresserat sig för hot och våld i trafiken. Fokus har i transportsammanhang snarare riktats mot säkerhet och att undvika olyckor, skador och dödsfall orsakade av kollisioner mellan människor och fordon. Mot bakgrund av den numera utbredda ambitionen att öka cyklingen och minska bilismen är det relevant att ställa frågor om cyklisters situation i bilsamhället och hur kränkningar av cyklisters säkerhet kan förstås.

    Med utgångspunkt i medie- och policymaterial, intervjuer med cyklister samt cyklisters diskussioner i nätbaserade cykelgemenskaper presenteras här resultat av en studie om cyklisters riskförhandlingar och upplevelser av kränkningar, hot och våld i trafiken ur ett könsperspektiv. Våld i trafiken diskuterats dels i termer av latenta hot mot cyklisters säkerhet (upplevd osynlighet i trafiken, tutningar och hat riktat mot cyklister), dels som kränkningar riktade specifikt mot cyklister som trafikantkategori (täta omkörningar, riskfyllda maktdemonstrationer och prejningar). Trots skillnader inom cyklistkategorin – vilken kan diversifieras utifrån många fler intersektioner än kön – så framstår dock våld i trafiken som en viktig fråga i det fortsatta arbetet för jämställda och hållbara transporter.

     

  • 254.
    Balkmar, Dag
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Våldsam mobilitet - ett könat problem: Om män, våld och cyklisters utsatthet i trafikrummet2016Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 255.
    Balkmar, Dag
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Andersson, Susanne
    Stockholm University, Department of Education, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Callerstig, Anne-Charlott
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Women truck drivers and (future) mobile work: Towards gender equal transport futures?2021Inngår i: Gender and Equality in Transport: Proceedings of the 2021 Travel Demand Management Symposium / [ed] Maria Chiara Leva; Augustus Ababio-Donkor; Ajeni Thimnu; Wafaa Saleh, Dublin: TU Dublin , 2021, s. 161-165Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper focuses gender and gender equality in contemporary and future haulage business, arguing for a need for norm-critical approaches to build more gender equal transport futures. Currently, there is a general demand for more drivers internationally and in Sweden. Following the current driver shortage in occupational road freight, transport companies in Europe and Sweden recognise the need to recruit more women chauffeurs. Part of the problem is how transport is gendered, strongly intertwined with masculine norms that prevents nonnormative bodies to identify themselves as drivers. In Sweden, a country with a world reputation as champions in gender equality, men still make up more than 90 % of the work force in the Swedish transport business. While recruiting more women would contribute to solve the urgent problem of driver shortage, women drivers typically face gendered problems, concerning their personal safety, harassments, hygiene, and work/life (im)balance. From the perspective of the haulage business, addressing these gendered problems can increase the ability hire more women drivers, but would also need to develop transport innovations that suit not only today’s male users but also those of tomorrow.

    Future road freight and transport innovations such as more autonomous vehicles are often imagined to ‘solve’ some of the current problems that transport companies struggle with, including driver shortage. With the advent of autonomous, electrified and connected mobilities, we may anticipate both a gendered re-segregation and that fewer drivers would be needed (Balkmar and Mellström 2018). Nevertheless, problems of road transportation and the lack of gender equality in the haulage business can’t be solved following the “old logics of a technological fix”, gendered social and cultural issues need to be part of the solution (Kröger and Weber, 2018). Against this background, the aim of this paper is to explore how normcritical perspectives can offer ways forward with regards to gender and (lack of) gender equality in the haulage business. This includes to consider how technological innovations may change what it entails to be a truck driver and open new opportunities for the profession with regards to gender equality.

  • 256.
    Balkmar, Dag
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Callerstig, Anne-Charlott
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Varför kliver kvinnliga lastbilsförare ur lastbilen på passagerarsidan när det är dags för rast? Om kön och normer i transportsektorn2017Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 257.
    Balkmar, Dag
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Callerstig, Anne-Charlott
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Alsos, Gry, Agnete
    Nord University, Bodø, Norway.
    Bedenik, Tina
    Dublin City University, Dublin, Ireland.
    Breivik-Meyer, Marit
    Nord University, Bodø, Norway.
    Heilbrunn, Sibylle
    Kinneret College on the Sea of Galilee, Israel.
    Lindvert, Marta
    Nord University, Bodø, Norway.
    Ljunggren, Elisabet Carine
    Nord University, Bodø, Norway.
    McAdam, Maura
    Dublin City University, Dublin, Ireland.
    Weinberg, Caren
    Ruppin Academic Center, Israel.
    My Better Entrepreneneurial Ecosystem: A Workshop on How to Promote an Inclusive Entrepreneurship Ecosystem2022Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    My Better Entrepreneurial Ecosystem: A Workshop on How to Promote an Inclusive Entrepreneurship Ecosystem (Tool 3). A workshop instruction (part of a three-part tool-kit developed). The main aim of the workshop is threefold; to spur collaboration and exchange among ecosystem actors; to enhance knowledge and learning, and finally; to co-create solutions to inspire change in individual actors as well as joint efforts to promote an inclusive entrepreneurial ecosystem. Target audience: main facilitator and organizer of workshop.

  • 258.
    Balkmar, Dag
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Callerstig, Anne-Charlott
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Alsos, Gry, Agnete
    Nord University, Bodø, Norway.
    Bedenik, Tina
    Dublin City University, Dublin, Ireland.
    Breivik-Meyer, Marit
    Nord University, Bodø, Norway.
    Heilbrunn, Sibylle
    Kinneret College on the Sea of Galilee, Israel.
    Lindvert, Marta
    Nord University, Bodø, Norway.
    Ljunggren, Elisabet Carine
    Nord University, Bodø, Norway.
    McAdam, Maura
    Dublin City University, Dublin, Ireland.
    Weinberg, Caren
    Ruppin Academic Center, Israel.
    The Gendered Nature of Tech Entrepreneurship: Understanding the Gender-Divide in Tech Entrepreneurship2022Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The Gendered Nature of Tech Entrepreneurship: Understanding the Gender-Divide in Tech Entrepreneurship. (Tool 2) This publication provides insights - some basic facts and findings - on the complex ways that tech entrepreneurship is gendered (part of a three-part tool-kit developed) Target audience: equality strategists, other actors with the ambition, mandate and responsibility to promote inclusion in their organisation or towards ecosystem actors.

  • 259.
    Balkmar, Dag
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Hearn, Jeff
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Men, Automobility, Movements, and the Environment: Imagining (un)sustainable, automated transport futures2019Inngår i: Unsustainable Institutions of Men: Transnational Dispersed Centres, Gender Power, Contradictions / [ed] Jeff Hearn, Ernesto Vasquez del Aguila, and Marina Hughson, London: Routledge, 2019, s. 227-254Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The place of ecological and environmental concerns have not usually been at the centre of debates and analyses of men, masculinities, and global and transnational processes of power, even though men and masculinities have played a key role in environmental damage. Accordingly, there is an urgent need for more research, analysis and action on ecological and environmental questions, ‘green’ issues, sustainability, and climate change, and how these link to men and masculinities. Against this background, this chapter addresses sustainability in relation to intersections of men and the environment, and with emphasis on movements and transport futures. The current transport system not only supports and enacts the predominant global form of ‘quasi-private’ mobility that subordinates other less resource intense means of movement, it also causes damaging effects on the environment locally and globally. Central actors are to an overwhelmingly degree men of power, and men that dominate andcontrol its interlinked centres, such as the auto-, oil-and road industry. However, while the automobile and automobility have changed the world, self-driving cars and related automations are imagined as the next major transportation technology revolution. In the context of automated transport futures, the balance of power between state bodies, the auto-industry and power enactments by individual men, are likely to change.

  • 260.
    Balkmar, Dag
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Henriksson, Malin
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Linköping, Sweden.
    Mobilitet på lika villkor? Om jämlikhet och makt i transportpolitiken2016Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [sv]

    De senaste årens jämställdhetspolitiska målsättningar inom transportområdet har väckt frågor om mobilitet och makt. Utgångspunkten är att alla människor, oavsett kön, ska ha samma möjlighet att påverka sin egen mobilitet. Frågan är dock vilka maktdimensioner som inte ryms inom ramen för dessa jämställdhetspolitiska målsättningar. På vilka sätt möjliggör och begränsar jämställdhetspolitiken att tillvarata olika resenärers intressen och erfarenheter? På vilka sätt rymmer olika mobilitetsformer också maktdimensioner kopplat till klass, ålder och/eller etnicitet? Vilka implikationer får det för vad som satsas på politiskt och i samhällsplaneringen? Under presentation diskuterar vi dessa frågor i relation till exempel från pågående forskning om cykling, mobilitet, planering och makt.

  • 261.
    Balkmar, Dag
    et al.
    Filosofiska fakulteten, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, Sweden.
    Iovanni, LeeAnn
    Department of sociology, Social Work and Organization, Aalborg University, Denmark.
    Pringle, Keith
    Mälardalen University College, Sweden.
    A Reconsideration of Two "Welfare Paradises": Research and Policy Responses to Men's Violence in Denmark and Sweden2009Inngår i: Men and Masculinities, ISSN 1097-184X, E-ISSN 1552-6828, Vol. 12, nr 2, s. 155-174Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article compares the situation in Denmark and Sweden regarding research and policy making around the issue of men-s violence to women and children. It does so by drawing on two comprehensive reviews of academic and policy data in those countries that were part of a broader European Union-funded project. Although the picture emerging from this comparison is complex, the overall conclusion is that in Sweden over recent years many more examples can be found of a critical, power-oriented approach than is the case in Denmark.    

  • 262.
    Balkmar, Dag
    et al.
    Tema Genus, University of Linköping, Linköping, Sweden.
    Joelsson, Tanja
    Tema Genus, University of Linköping, Linköping, Sweden.
    Burning rubber, marking territory: technology, auto-erotic desires and violating mobility2009Inngår i: Gender delight: science, knowledge, culture and writing … / [ed] Åsberg, Cecilia; Harrison, Katherine; Pernud, Björn; Gustavsson, Malena, Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2009, s. 117-126Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 263.
    Balkmar, Dag
    et al.
    Tema Genus, University of Linköping, Linköping, Sweden.
    Joelsson, Tanja
    Tema Genus, University of Linköping, Linköping, Sweden.
    Den bioniske mannen på autoerotiska äventyr: mäns risktagande i trafikrummet2010Inngår i: Norma, ISSN 1890-2138, E-ISSN 1890-2146, Vol. 5, nr 1, s. 27-44Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    “The bionic man goes autoerotic – theoretic keys towards a refined understanding of men’s risk taking in public space”

    Gender construction in relation to mobility and movement gives rise to intriguing questions regarding the interfaces between men, masculinity, technology, “danger” and risk-taking, especially when discussing issues of traffic safety. How can we conceptualize men’s risk taking practices within the traffic realm? By drawing on research from feminist science and technology studies, the authors suggest and develop the figuration the bionic man for how to understand cars and other mobile vehicles such as mopeds as extensions of the (male) body. The construction of masculinity is seen to be interlinked with the use and mastering of motor vehicles. This theoretical frame work is further analysed by introducing the concept of autoeroticism as a meaningful way for understanding the profound embodied and emotional relation between men, technologies of movement and risk taking. The authors argue that the emotional aspects of driving cars and riding mopeds need to be regarded as both vital and crucial aspects when studying men’s risk taking in traffic space.

  • 264.
    Balkmar, Dag
    et al.
    Tema Genus, University of Linköping, Linköping, Sweden.
    Joelsson, Tanja
    Tema Genus, University of Linköping, Linköping, Sweden.
    Feeling the speed: the social and emotional investments in dangerous road practices2012Inngår i: Gender and change: power, politics and everyday practices / [ed] Maria Jansdotter Samuelsson, Clary Krekula, Magnus Åberg, Karlstad: Karlstad University Press , 2012, s. 37-52Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Research on gender aims to contribute towards a better society with the help of scientific tools. Change is therefore a key concept in gender studies. With a wide range of theoretical frameworks, methodological approaches and empirical materials from Sweden, Norway and Iceland, this book investigates how gender relations are shaped, reproduced, and challenged. Collectively, the papers in this volume point to where we are heading in terms of gender relations. Where are the seeds to change, and how does power make possible or impede on change?

  • 265.
    Balkmar, Dag
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Joelsson, Tanja
    Uppsala universitet, Uppsala, Sweden.
    The dangerous other?: Towards a contextual approach of men’s risk-taking with motor vehicles2014Inngår i: Masculinities in the criminological field: control, vulnerability and risk-taking / [ed] Ingrid Lander, Signe Ravn and Nina Jon, Farnham: Ashgate, 2014, 1, s. 187-202Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Over recent decades criminological research has changed from a gender-blind discipline which equated crime with men and thus ignored questions about gender, to an approach that studied gender by showing statistical differences between men and women, and then finally to a more inclusive and elaborate gender-theoretical approach to crime and crime control. However, despite this development, research on gender - and in particular research on gendered norms and the construction and enactment of masculinities - within the criminological field has been unable to keep up with developments in gender research. Since 1990, only a few anthologies with a gender-theoretical orientation focusing on masculinities within the criminological research field have been published. Many of the theoretical developments in gender research still have difficulties in reaching into mainstream criminology, partly because such developments are often published in feminist and/or gender theoretical journals. This volume both problematizes and renders visible conceptions and norms regarding male behaviour and masculinities and shows how these affect the criminological field through providing a theoretically sound and clear gender perspective to this field of research. With sections based around the following three themes: negotiations of masculinity in institutional settings, vulnerable masculinities and risk-taking and masculinities, this volume will be of interest to scholars of criminology, sociology, social work and gender studies, as well as policy-makers, and law enforcement professionals.

  • 266.
    Balkmar, Dag
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap. Department of Gender Studies.
    Lindvert, Marta
    Nord University Business School, Bodø, Norway.
    Ljunggren, Elisabet Carine
    Faculty of Social Sciences, Nord University, Bodø, Norway.
    Masculinity in Scandinavian tech entrepreneurship: male technology entrepreneurs negotiating gender (in)equality2024Inngår i: International Journal of Gender and Entrepreneurship, ISSN 1756-6266, E-ISSN 1756-6274Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Both entrepreneurship and technology are significantly gendered, and when combined in technology entrepreneurship, they make up a fundamentally masculine field. This article investigates men tech entrepreneurs' negotiations of gender and gender (in)equality. The purpose is to gain knowledge on masculinity in tech entrepreneurship and to explore what role this might play in any change towards more gender-equal entrepreneurship.

    Design/methodology/approach: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with ten Swedish and Norwegian male tech entrepreneurs in tech incubators. The interviews dealt with gender (in)equality and masculinity in tech entrepreneurship. The data were coded in NVivo and inductively analysed using thematic analysis. We apply a social constructivist understanding of gender.

    Findings: We categorise the male entrepreneurs' views of gender equality along “privileged”, “paradoxical” and “potential” articulations of gender (in)equality. Building on these articulations, we discuss the potential entrepreneurial men and masculinities could have for changing gender inequality in the Scandinavian tech entrepreneurship context. The findings are applicable to several entrepreneurial contexts.

    Originality/value: The study contributes to further the theoretical understanding of tech entrepreneurship as a gendered phenomenon, its dynamics and its potential for change, particularly in promoting gender equality in tech entrepreneurship. Empirically, it investigates the perceptions about gender (in)equality and gender as negotiated concepts amongst male tech entrepreneurs.

  • 267.
    Balkmar, Dag
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Lykke, Nina
    Tema Genus, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, Sweden.
    Developing disruptive norm-critical innovation at Volvo: FINAL REPORT2015Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Volvo Group Trucks Technology and Tema Genus, Linköping University, have initiated a collaborative project to foster disruptive norm-critical innovation at Volvo. The aim is to 1) further develop existing methods for initiating innovation by bringing disruptive norm-critical innovation methods into already existing “tool boxes for innovation” at Volvo, 2) develop a particular tool box to enhance disruptive norm-critical innovation across existing “tool boxes”, and 3) develop a disruptive norm-critical innovation tool box targeting the leadership programme at Volvo Trucks to enable better management and integration of norm-critical innovation processes at Volvo. The first step was a pilot project, outlined below, the overall aim of which was to develop a detailed application (VINNOVA) which can achieve the above aims.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Developing disruptive norm critical innovation at Volvo
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Cover
  • 268.
    Balkmar, Dag
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Mellström, Ulf
    Gender Studies, Karlstad University, Karlstad, Sweden.
    Cyborgs and entanglements of technology, masculinity, and (automated) vehicles2019Inngår i: Feministische Studien, ISSN 0723-5186, Vol. 37, nr 2, s. 320-334Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, we will discuss different entanglements of technology and masculinity with a special focus on (automated) vehicles. Starting from a cyborg- epistemology formulated as 'thesis, anti-thesis, synthesis, prosthesis' (Gray 2001: 189), we will, in three sections, entangle and disentangle different discourses and practices around how masculinity has been constructed around intimacy, technology, and cyborgisation. Historically, this points in both destructive directions and emancipatory hopes of transcendence through cyborgisation. Cyborgs are thus political technologies, and we argue that a history of masculinity as well as the future of masculinity, in a western context and beyond, can be understood in relation to cyborgisation and intimacy with technological artefacts. It is argued that cyborgs are possibly the tricksters of the future posthuman masculinity but they are also a tool to understand the 'leitmotif' of male transcendence in the history of masculinity. To illustrate our point, we will use different forms of technologies of movement and other man-machine relations as our "objects-to-think-with", considering gendered power relations and emancipatory potentials (Haraway 2004: 321).

    In the first section we will discuss cyborgs and masculine entanglements in a historical perspective to suggest a cyborg-epistemology. Such approach is apt for understanding masculine desires of transcendence invested in and nurtured through automatons, golems, robots, etcetera. A characteristic feature of these ‘Man plus’ (Gray 2001) artefacts and creatures have been their prosthetic capacity with an inherent destructive/emancipatory Janus face. In the second section, we will apply the cyborg-epistemology to contemporary imaginaries and driving practices of cars. Cars and car driving is one of the arenas where masculinity is clearly constructed around intimacy, technology and cyborgisation, as exemplified in numerous cases of popular culture, and daily practices in and around cars. This section exemplifies emancipatory and destructive aspects of cars and car driving in dominant automobility systems. In the third section we will be more future oriented and speculative, looking at autonomous transport futures. While the interpellative experience of cars and its emotional and gendered dimensions have been discussed in the second section, the third section turns to the question how autonomous vehicles can be imagined and ‘felt’, and perhaps also changing gendered relations with, in and around cars (Berscheid 2016).

     

  • 269.
    Balkmar, Dag
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Mellström, Ulf
    Karlstad University, Karlstad, Sweden.
    Gender and Transport: Affective structures and practices2023Inngår i: The Routledge Companion to Gender and Affect / [ed] Todd W. Reeser, London and New York: Routledge, 2023, s. 111-120Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this chapter, we introduce how gender and affect can be co-thought in studies of mobilities and transport, and in particular masculinity and transport practices as this is our main field of expertise. From our perspective, affect in this context implies how people feel and act as a consequence of aroused emotion experienced within an affective economy such as the mobility and transport system (Ahmed 2004; Sheller 2004; Balkmar and Mellström 2020). The affective economy of transport and mobility regulates and channels how travel and mobility patterns organize and include individual, group and societal structures with human and non-human elements. We argue that it is analytically vital to separate affect and emotions with regard to the mobility and transport system in order to outline the systemic dimensions of many ecological and societal challenges of our present time. In the larger land- scape of contemporary challenges, the transport and mobility system is key to halt planetary warming, the endemic traffic congestion of major metropolises and decrease carbon dioxide emissions on a global scale, to mention a few. Our present transport and mobility systems are pressing the planet to a core boundary (Steffen et al. 2011) where the passing of such a limit would drive the planet into a less sustainable level of human life. 

  • 270.
    Balkmar, Dag
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Mellström, Ulf
    Gender Studies, Karlstad University, Karlstad, Sweden.
    Masculinity and Autonomous Vehicles: A Degendered or Resegregated Future System of Automobility?2018Inngår i: Transfers, ISSN 2045-4813, E-ISSN 2045-4821, Vol. 8, nr 1, s. 44-63Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article addresses the anthropomorphization and interpellative experience of cars and trucks, in order to meet future mobility challenges. Autonomous vehicles offer an emancipatory opportunity within a wider movement of degendering and regendering motor vehicles. We argue that autonomous vehicles can challenge the foundations of a gendered economy founded on masculinity, speed, pleasure, and embodiment. Rather than thinking in terms of a process of demasculinization, this article anticipates a regendering and resegregation through which certain forms of masculine gendered economies of pleasure will lose ground and others will gain. A core question in this article asks who will be in the driver’s seat of future systems of automobility as the control of the vehicle is gradually being transferred from the driver to digital control systems and intelligent roads.

  • 271.
    Balkmar, Dag
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Mellström, Ulf
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för sociala och psykologiska studier (from 2013). Karlstads universitet, Estetisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Centrum för genusforskning..
    Men, Movements and Automation: Imagining (un)sustainable transport futures2017Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This presentation addresses sustainability in relation to intersections of men, movements and transport futures. As an unsustainable system, transport not only support and enacts the predominant global form of ‘quasi-private’ mobility that subordinates other less resource intense means of movement, it also cause damaging effects on the environment locally and globally (Urry 2004). Central actors are to an overwhelmingly degree men of power, men that dominate and control its interlinked centres, such as the auto-, oil- and road industry. To critically consider how these institutions not only are gendered, but also changing, is therefore important.

    The relations between men, movements and transport put focus on the complexity of power and power resources in relation to technology and technical institutions more generally. While the automobile managed to change the world, self-driving vehicles are imagined as the next major transportation technology revolution. This technology is imagined to ‘solve’ many gendered problems associated with the current automobility system, such as congestions, pollution and ‘man-made’ risk taking. Against this background, the phenomenon of autonomous cars is here thought upon as challenging the foundations of a gendered car culture. Even though the automobilic system may be thought of as connecting many transnational centres of power, while also distributing power to individual men as car users, the ‘new’ technology is about to repudiate the power over the vehicles gradually and reassign it to the designers and engineers. In the context of transport, the balance between power enforcements by state bodies, the auto-industry and power enactments by individual men, are likely to change. Scenarios of “re-gendering and re-segregation” (see Balkmar & Mellström forthcoming) are discussed where certain institutions and forms of men’s power will lose ground and others will become more foregrounded.

    References:

    Balkmar, Dag & Mellström, Ulf (forthcoming), Re-gendering the relation between men, masculinity and cars? On autonomous vehicles and emancipatory challenges, forthcoming in Transfers: Interdisciplinary Journal of Mobility Studies.

    Urry, John (2004) The ‘System’ of Automobility, Theory, Culture & Society,

    Vol. 21(4/5): 25–39.          

  • 272.
    Balkmar, Dag
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Mellström, Ulf
    Karlstad University, Karlstad, Sweden.
    Re-gendering the relation between men, masculinity and cars? On autonomous vehicles and emancipatory challenges2017Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    As the Nordic regions move into an era in need of sustainable mobility, there are many pressing concerns to be addressed. One of these is the strong connection between masculinity, power and car cultures. In this paper we take our point of departure in the anthromorphization of cars and trucks, and how this emotional and gendered relation needs to be questioned in order to meet future challenges. The phenomenon of autonomous ‘driverless’ cars can here be thought of as one possible emancipatory opportunity in relation to a wider movement of de-gendering and re-gendering motor vehicles. Based on various materials, including the project Trucks for all-developing norm-critical innovation at Volvo, we argue that autonomous vehicles can challenge the foundations of a gendered economy founded on masculinity, speed, pleasure, and embodiment. The advent of ‘driverless’ cars may point in a direction where the traditional imaginary of the active “male” driver may loose ground, even pointing towards a ‘de-masculinization’ of future transport vehicles. However, rather than thinking in terms of a process of a de-masculinization it seems more appropriate to anticipate a development of re-gendering and re-segregation where certain forms of masculine gendered economies of pleasure will lose ground and others will become more foregrounded.

  • 273.
    Balkmar, Dag
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Mellström, Ulf
    Karlstads universitet, Estetisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Centrum för genusforskning, Karlstad, Sweden.
    Towards an anthropology of transport affect: The place of emotions, gender and power in smart mobilities2020Inngår i: Gendering Smart Mobilities / [ed] Tanu Priya Uteng, Hilda Rømer Christensen, Lena Levin, Abingdon/New York: Routledge, 2020, s. 57-74Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, we argue for an anthropology of transport affect as a serious scholarly undertaking within mobility and transport studies. This implies how people feel and act as a consequence of aroused emotions experienced within an affective economy (Ahmed 2004), such as the mobility and transport system. From an anthropology of transport affect perspective, we reflect upon historical as well as contemporary cases related to the transport system more generally and in particular future smart mobilities. In the first part of the chapter we map the theoretical background and in the second part we use historical as well as contemporary cases to think through the place of emotions, gender and power in transport and mobility systems, including how future smart mobilities may challenge what Landström (2006) calls “a gendered economy of pleasure”, that to large extent is associated with the current dominant mobility paradigm. Core values in such a gendered economy of pleasure are escapism, risk taking, masculine prowess, and technical dexterity (Balkmar and Mellström 2018).

  • 274.
    Balkmar, Dag
    et al.
    Filosofiska fakulteten, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, Sweden.
    Nyberg, Ann-Christin
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Luleå, Sweden.
    Genusmedveten tillväxt och jämställd vinst: Om genus och jämställdhet i ansökningar till VINNOVAs VINNVÄXT-program 20052006Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

        

  • 275.
    Balkmar, Dag
    et al.
    Stockholms universietet, Stockholm.
    Pringle, Keith
    Uppsala universitet, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Sweden National Reports on Men's Practices: Reports on Research, Statistical information, Law and Policy Adressing Men’s Practices2006Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This is a compilation of three reports that survey - and re-interpret from feminist perspectives - existing material on men-s practices in terms of academic outputs, statistics and legal/governmental policies in Sweden. The period focused upon was primarily the last five to ten years. Although the main focus of the reports was men-s violence, they also survey the material on other areas of men-s lives such as home and work, social exclusion and health - and the connections between these areas and the field of men-s violence. It is important to stress that the analysis underlying the reports was inspired not only by feminist approaches but also, more specifically, by a gender relational perspective. Current debates about socalled -intersectionality- also informed the analysis in the reports - therefore much emphasis was placed on considering the way that gender impacted upon, and was impacted upon by, other social divisions associated with, for instance, age, ethnicity, disability and sexuality.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Fulltext
  • 276.
    Balkmar, Dag
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Strid, Sofia
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Hearn, Jeff
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Humbert, Anne Laure
    Oxford Brookes University, Oxford, UK.
    Disperse violence: gender-based violence and environmental violence2020Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is part of the session Violence Regimes: Analysing the Multiplicity of Gendered Violence(s). Violence regime is a framework developed for analysing the multiplicity of violence(s) (Hearn et al 2018; Strid et al 2018). The framework concerns direct and indirect violence; across four pillars of comprehensiveness; across macro, meso and micro levels; often with increasing amount of time and space between act and impact; and vary in both manifestation and understanding of violence, extending the continuum of violence (Kelly 1988) across four pillars: Deadly, Damaging, Diffuse and Dispersed violence.

    Empirically, this paper explores manifestations of violence in the first and fourth pillar of the violence regime framework:  deadly and direct forms of violence such as homicide, femicide and suicide; and dispersed manifestations not necessarily understood as violence, usually indirect, sometimes directed towards a group but with a less easily identifiable ‘victim’ or ‘object; manifestations not usually recognized as violence; e.g. environmental destruction. Two different cases will be discussed, 1) automobility and 2) killings of animals for food, both associated with negative impact on the environment. First, we examine the violent, damaging and deadly effects of automobility across country comparisons of the EU28. Second, we examine slow violence (Nixon 2011) and the levels of slaughtering of animals in relation to the levels of homicide, femicide and suicide through cross country comparisons of the EU28. The paper contributes to the violence regime framework analyzing how manifestations of violence not usually understood as violence correlate with the most direct and deadly forms of violence. 

  • 277.
    Balkmar, Dag
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Strid, Sofia
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Hearn, Jeff
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Humbert, Anne Laure
    Oxford Brookes University, Oxford, UK.
    Disperse violence: gender-based violence and environmental violence2021Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is part of the session Violence Regimes: Analysing the Multiplicity of Gendered Violence(s). Violence regime is a framework developed for analysing the multiplicity of violence(s) (Hearn et al 2018; Strid et al 2018).

    The framework concerns direct and indirect violence; across four pillars of comprehensiveness; across macro, meso and micro levels; often with increasing amount of time and space between act and impact; and vary in both manifestation and understanding of violence, extending the continuum of violence (Kelly 1988) across four pillars: Deadly, Damaging, Diffuse and Dispersed violence. Empirically, this paper explores manifestations of violence in the first and fourth pillar of the violence regime framework:  deadly and direct forms of violence such as homicide, femicide and suicide; and dispersed manifestations not necessarily understood as violence, usually indirect, sometimes directed towards a group but with a less easily identifiable ‘victim’ or ‘object; manifestations not usually recognized as violence; e.g. environmental destruction. Two different cases will be discussed, 1) automobility and 2) killings of animals for food, both associated with negative impact on the environment.

    First, we examine the violent, damaging and deadly effects of automobility across country comparisons of the EU28. Second, we examine slow violence (Nixon 2011) and the levels of slaughtering of animals in relation to the levels of homicide, femicide and suicide through cross country comparisons of the EU28.

    The paper contributes to the violence regime framework analysing how manifestations of violence not usually understood as violence correlate with the most direct and deadly forms of violence. 

  • 278.
    Balkmar, Dag
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Strid, Sofia
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Hearn, Jeff
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Humbert, Anne Laure
    Oxford Brookes University, Oxford, UK.
    On violence policy and “women friendly” welfare regimes: From gender regimes to (gender) violence regimes?2019Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 279.
    Balkmar, Dag
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Strid, Sofia
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Humbert, Anne Laure
    Oxford Brookes University, Oxford, UK.
    On violence policy and “women friendly” welfare regimes2019Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to critically interrogate the concepts of gender violence regime and violence regime, and how societal welfare state regimes and gender regimes translate, or do not translate, into gender violence regimes or violence regimes. Taking violence as the point of departure, this paper addresses violence as problem with many contested meanings and politics. Welfare state regime research (Esping-Andersen 1990, 1992), including that on gender welfare regimes (e.g. Lewis 1992; Sainsbury 1999), has generated different frames, for understanding the problem of violence. It is argued that some welfare regimes are more women-friendly than others. However, empirical bases for these conclusions often exclude violence; welfare state regime research has thereby overlooked one of the most substantial, deep-rooted causes and consequences of gendered inequalities. The question is, is assumptions of women-friendliness turned upside down when gender-based violence is taken into account? 

  • 280.
    Balkmar, Dag
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Summerton, Jane
    Swedish National Road & Transport Research Institute, Linköping, Sweden.
    Bicycling and politics: movements, strategies and visions in bicycle activism in Sweden2016Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish national government, as transport authorities and many Swedish municipalities, are currently planning and implementing ambitious programs that are designed to promote cycling and increase the share of cycling among everyday travel modes. However, with more ‘pro-cycling’ discourses and in the wake of antagonism and lack of road space for increasing numbers of cyclists, new forms of bicycle activism appears to be on the rise.

    The purpose of this paper is to describe and analyse the ways in which bicycle activists in Sweden construct their politics and the role of bicycle activism as a vehicle for contributing to more sustainable cycling futures. What are their concrete approaches and strategies that inform their activism? How do activists and advocates view bicyclists as e.g. vulnerable, angry or marginalized subjects, and how do they view their roles as spokespersons for these groups? What alternative visions for cycling and cyclists are expressed? Empirically the paper focuses on three expressions of contemporary bicycling activism/advocacy; the Swedish national cycling advocacy organization, the ad-hoc “Ghost Bike Sweden” and the on-line based “Bike Maffia”-initiative in Stockholm.

    It is argued that all three reflect a “contested terrain” with regard to approaches and strategies to bicycle activism (Vivanco 2013, 103).  Although all three share an ambition to improve conditions for cyclists, they reflect core differences in their strategies and views on bicycling as contested practice: from more pragmatic, policy- and solution-oriented approaches to explicitly political and hands-on street-level activism. All three organisations/initiatives also represents different forms of grassroots organisations with different capacities to participate within formal governance structures. However, the more activist based initiatives seem to create spaces for new forms of political engagement beyond formal institutions – initiatives that also are worth listening to.

     

  • 281.
    Balkmar, Dag
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Summerton, Jane
    The Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Linköping, Sweden.
    Contested mobilities: politics, strategies and visions in Swedish bicycle activism2017Inngår i: Applied mobilities, ISSN 2380-0127, Vol. 2, nr 2, s. 151-165Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Cycling is currently the focus of considerable political and public attention in many urban areas. As more and more cyclists claim space on the roads, new forms of political engagement in cycling issues beyond traditional bicycle advocacy have also emerged. Beyond focusing on cyclists’ perspectives and rights, these expressions of bicycle activism show the ways in which bicycles – as potential vehicles for sociopolitical change – are contested political and cultural symbols. The purpose of this paper is to describe and analyse the ways in which bicycle activists and advocates in Sweden construct their politics and practices. Empirically the paper addresses three expressions of contemporary bicycling activism and advocacy: the well-established Swedish national cycling advocacy organization Cykelfrämjandet (Cycling Sweden), the ad-hoc Ghost Bike Sweden, and the online-based Bike Maffia-initiative. The empirical material of the paper consists of qualitative interviews with the leading representatives from each organization or initiative, as well as written and video materials. As arenas for cultural politics, the organizations or initiatives are diverse, exemplifying highly different views concerning conflicts in urban space, strategies for addressing these conflicts, and views of cyclists as subjects of bicycle politics. The paper addresses these issues in a specific Swedish context, also exploring the implications for understanding how political activism is shaped more generally. It is argued that bicycle activism can be viewed as a way of practising cycling citizenship, a perspective that provides a conceptual linkage between new social movement theory and activism more generally.

  • 282.
    Balkmar, Dag
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Summerton, Jane
    Swedish National Road & Transport Research Institute, Linköping, Sweden.
    Cykelpolitik: rörelser, strategier och visioner i svensk cykelpolitik2017Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [sv]

    Politiker, kommuner och transportmyndigheter arbetar idag på olika sätt för att förbättra förutsättningarna för cykling – inte minst för att skapa mer attraktiva, sunda och tillgängliga städer. Men med en alltmer cykelvänlig diskurs – och i kölvattnet av motsättningar i trafiken relaterat till trängsel för ett ökat antal cyklister i storstäderna – skapas också grogrund för nya former av cykelaktivism. Ofta tar dessa initiativ utgångspunkt i vem och vilka trafikslag som får ta plats på och ha tillgång till stadens gator samt vilka former av motstånd som kan riktas mot bilismen som norm.

    Syftet med det här föredraget är att beskriva och analysera de sätt som cykelaktivism i Sverige konstrueras samt cykelaktivismens roll som förändringsaktörer i arbetet för hållbara städer. Vilka konkreta tillvägagångssätt och strategier baseras aktivismen på? Hur förstår aktivister och cykelförespråkare cyklister, exempelvis som sårbara, arga eller marginaliserade grupper. Hur ser de på sina roller som talespersoner för cyklister? Vilka alternativa visioner för cykling och cyklister uttrycker de?

    Empiriskt fokuserar presentationen på tre nutida uttryck för cykelaktivism/cykelförespråkare; Cykelfrämjandet, Ghost Bike Sweden och det online-baserade initiativet Cykelmaffian i Stockholm. Metodologiskt baseras presentationen på kvalitativa metoder, främst intervjuer med representanter för respektive organisation/initiativ, samt analyser av deras externa kommunikation. 

    Resultaten från studien visar att cykelaktivism är att betrakta som ett omstritt område, särskilt med avseende på initiativens strategier och inriktning. Även om alla tre delar en ambition om att förbättra förutsättningarna för cykel, så ger de uttryck för centrala skillnader i deras respektive strategier och syn på cykling och cykelpolitik: från en mer pragmatisk, policy- och lösningsorienterad inriktning till explicit politiska och direkt-aktions orienterade former av gatuaktivism. Alla tre organisationer/initiativ representerar också olika former av (gräsrots)organisationer, med sinsemellan olika möjligheter att medverka och påverka inom ramen för formella politiska strukturer. Samtidigt så skapar de mer aktivistbaserade initiativen nya former av utrymmen för politiskt engagemang och motstånd bortom formella institutioner. 

  • 283.
    Balkmar, Dag
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Usiskin, Sam
    Bikes4Refugees.
    Bikes 4 refugees: intersections between gender, ethnicity, age, mobility and integration2016Konferansepaper (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 284.
    Bamerni, Zilan
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Strainteori, exitprocesser och stigma: - En kvalitativ studie om processen in och ut ur kriminalitet samt livet efter utifrån tre rånares självbiografier2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 285.
    Barać, Ivana
    et al.
    University of Belgrade, Faculty of Law, Civil Law, Belgrade, Serbia.
    Blandino, Amalia
    University of Cadiz, Faculty of Law, Private Law, Cadiz, Spain.
    Coppo, Letizia
    LUMSA, Faculty of Law, Palermo, Italy.
    Frezza, Giampaolo
    LUMSA, Faculty of Law, Palermo, Italy.
    Novaković, Uros
    University of Belgrade, Faculty of Law, Private Law, Belgrade, Serbia.
    Rabadán, Fuensanta
    University of Cadiz, Faculty of Law, Private Law, Cadiz, Spain.
    Saeidzadeh, Zara
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Gender Competent Family Law2023Inngår i: Gender-Competent Legal Education / [ed] Dragica Vujadinović; Mareike Fröhlich; Thomas Giegerich, Springer, 2023, s. 541-581Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter discusses the construction of family and family law as central tenets of gender equality projects in law and society. It begins with a review of the evolution of family institution from the traditional nuclear to the models that are not constituted through either heteronormativity or marriage contract. Hence, it draws on LGBTQIA+ family formations including parenthood and intimate partnership. Furthermore, the chapter elaborates on the development of gender equality in family law and marriage contract in various social settings through an intersectional analysis of rights and responsibilities of partners, parents, and children. The chapter also explores domestic violence as a matter of gender equality in family law. It discusses how legal protection and prevention of domestic violence in family law can reduce harmful effects on family members, who are the victims of violence directly or affected by domestic violence as witnesses.

  • 286.
    Bares Lopez, Lydia
    et al.
    University of Cadiz, Faculty of Law, General Economics, Cadiz, Spain.
    Costanza, Francesca
    LUMSA University Rome, Department of Law, Palermo, Italy.
    Ortega Gil, Manuela
    University of Cadiz, Faculty of Law, General Economics, Cadiz, Spain.
    Strid, Sofia
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap. Department of Sociology and Work Science, Gothenburg University, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Integrating Gender Equality in Economics and Management2023Inngår i: Gender-Competent Legal Education / [ed] Dragica Vujadinović; Mareike Fröhlich; Thomas Giegerich, Springer, 2023, 1, s. 631-666Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter deals with gender economics, gender and management, and genderand innovation. After introducing the general concept of feminist economics andits critique of mainstream economics, this chapter explains the meaning of genderindicators, gender parity, gender equality, and gender mainstreaming. It furtherinvestigates the factors causing inequalities in the labour market. Gender isafterwards addressed from a managerial perspective, embracing a multidimen-sional notion of performance, and considering both the management of privateand public organisations. Finally, the topic gender and innovation is deepened byexplaining the importance of intellectual property rights, as well as the poorvisibility of women inventors in society.

  • 287.
    Bark, Anna
    Örebro universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Att argeta som genuspedagog: Motstånd och villor som främjar pedagogernas arbete2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Örebro University

    Department of Social Sciences

    Sociology, Continuation Course, 41-60p./61-80p.

    Essay, 10p. Spring 2006

    Title: Att arbeta som genuspedagog

    Author: Anna Bark

    Abstract

    My aim in writing this essay is to explain why the government has decided to educate gender-educationalists, and to describe the conditions they are working under. The questions I will raise are:

    ° Why does the state educate gender-educationalists?

    ° What are the gender-educationalists supposed to do?

    ° What kind of work are they doing today?

    ° How would they like to work?

    ° What is preventing some of the gender-educationalists from working as gender-educationalists?

    ° Which conditions make their work easier?

    ° Are the gender-educationalists doing what they are supposed to do?

    I have made seven interviews with gender-educationalists. Three of them are not working as gender-educationalists to day, and four of them are. To sort out the things that are preventing the educationalists from working I have found Ingrid Pincus theory about male resistance to equality-reforms very helpful. I have also developed some new categories that include the conditions that are benefiting for their work.

    I have found that the state has educated gender-educationalists to make sure that the schools in Sweden are working with equality the way they should, according to the curriculum. The working possibilities are dependent of the circumstances in the municipality where the educationalist is working, and how the municipal leaders understand equality.

  • 288. Barker, Meg-John
    et al.
    Wurm, Matilda
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för beteende-, social- och rättsvetenskap.
    Ickebinära kön2023Inngår i: Trans: Fakta, forskning och erfarenheter / [ed] Edward Summanen; Matilda Wurm, Stockholm: Natur och kultur, 2023, s. 138-150Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 289.
    Barow, Thomas
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    “Useful instead of just being employed”: Vocational training, work, and social usefulness regarding young people with intellectual disability in Sweden, 1945-19892023Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 290.
    Barwari, Torin
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Teklemariam Haile, Lwam
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    “Du kan väl slå tillbaka!”: - socialarbetares erfarenheter av mäns utsatthet av VINR2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 291.
    Bask, Miia
    et al.
    Department of Sociology, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.
    Bask, Mikael
    Department of Economics, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Social influence and the Matthew mechanism: The case of an artificial cultural market2014Inngår i: Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, ISSN 0378-4371, E-ISSN 1873-2119, Vol. 412, s. 113-119Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    We show that the Matthew effect, or Matthew mechanism, was present in the artificial cultural market Music Lab in one-fourth of the "worlds" when social influence between individuals was allowed, whereas this effect was not present in the "world" that disallowed social influence between individuals. We also sketch on a class of social network models, derived from social influence theory, that may generate the Matthew effect. Thus, we propose a theoretical framework that may explain why the most popular songs could be much more popular, and the least popular songs could be much less popular, than when disallowing social influence between individuals.

  • 292.
    Baskaran, Geerthana
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Nähr Winkel, Cornelia
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    ”SOM KVINNA MÅSTE MAN ACCEPTERA DET”: Anmälningsbenägenhet av sexuella trakasserier och polismyndighetens bemötande vid anmälan utifrån kvinnors egna berättelser2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien syftade till att undersöka och få en förståelse för hur kvinnor, som blivit utsatta för sexuella trakasserier, resonerade kring att anmäla eller inte anmäla brottet till polismyndigheten. Vidare syftade studien till att undersöka kvinnors upplevelser av polismyndighetens bemötande vid en anmälan av sexuella trakasserier. Det empiriska materialet samlades in genom semistrukturerade djupintervjuer med nio kvinnor i åldrarna 19–30 år. Studiens resultat visade att kvinnorna förde olika resonemang bakom deras val att anmäla eller inte anmäla till polismyndigheten. Att vara ensam i anmälningsprocessen påverkade huruvida kvinnorna ville gå vidare med en anmälan eller inte, där andra offer som också blivit utsatta gav en känsla av validering och trygghet för kvinnorna. Trots att samtliga kvinnor som anmälde upplevde någonting positivt i polismyndighetens bemötande lyftes ändå flertal negativa erfarenheter av polisens bemötande upp. Att polismyndigheten bemötte kvinnorna genom att avråda kvinnorna från att genomföra en anmälan var något anmärkningsvärt i studiens resultat. Slutsatserna är att kvinnors resonemang kring anmälningsbenägenheten går i likhet med varandra och vad tidigare studier inom ämnet visat. Vidare visar studiens resultat även att det finns ett utbildningsbehov inom polismyndigheten gällande bemötandet av kvinnor som utsatts för sexuella trakasserier för att förhindra att den låga anmälningsbenägenheten fortgår.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    ”SOM KVINNA MÅSTE MAN ACCEPTERA DET”: Anmälningsbenägenhet av sexuella trakasserier och polismyndighetens bemötande vid anmälan utifrån kvinnors egna berättelser
  • 293.
    Baurne, Linn
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för beteende-, social- och rättsvetenskap.
    Ejdeholt, Vilhelmina
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för beteende-, social- och rättsvetenskap.
    Lundin, Ida
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för beteende-, social- och rättsvetenskap.
    SKULDBELÄGGNING VID OTILLÅTEN SPRIDNING AV INTIMA BILDER: Unga vuxnas skuldbeläggande attityder vid sexuella trakasserier på internet2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    SKULDBELÄGGNING VID OTILLÅTEN SPRIDNING AV INTIMA BILDER: Unga vuxnas skuldbeläggande attityder vid sexuella trakasserier på internet
  • 294.
    Bayram Özdemir, Sevgi
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Giles, Clover
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Özdemir, Metin
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Why Do Immigrant and Swedish Adolescents Engage in Ethnic Victimization? Common and Distinct Underlying Factors2021Inngår i: Journal of Youth and Adolescence, ISSN 0047-2891, E-ISSN 1573-6601, Vol. 50, nr 11, s. 2236-2248Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Youth of immigrant background are at risk of experiencing victimization due to their ethnic or cultural background. However, limited knowledge is available regarding why youth victimize their immigrant peers, and whether the factors associated with engagement in ethnic victimization vary across adolescents of different background. To address this gap in knowledge, the present study aimed to elucidate the common or differential factors associated with engagement in ethnic victimization among immigrant and native youth. The analytical sample included seventh grade students residing in Sweden from 55 classrooms (N = 963, Mage = 13.11, SD = 0.41; 46% girls; 38% youth of immigrant background). The results showed that being morally disengaged and engaging in general victimization are the common denominators of engagement in ethnic victimization for immigrant and Swedish youth. Low levels of positive attitudes toward immigrants provide a foundation for ethnic victimization among Swedish youth, but not youth of immigrant background. Classroom ethnic composition was not significantly related to engagement in ethnic victimization in either group. Predictors of engagement in ethnic victimization seem to have similarities and differences among immigrant and Swedish youth. The factors involved require further attention in developing strategies to combat bias-based hostile behaviors in diverse school settings.

  • 295.
    Bayram Özdemir, Sevgi
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Özdemir, Metin
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Stattin, Håkan
    Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Ethnic Harassment and Immigrant Youth's Engagement in Violent Behaviors: Understanding the Risk Factors2019Inngår i: Child Development, ISSN 0009-3920, E-ISSN 1467-8624, Vol. 90, nr 3, s. 808-824Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study aimed to examine whether ethnic harassment was related to violent behaviors among immigrant youth over time and to identify the risk factors. The sample comprised immigrant adolescents living in Sweden (N = 365; Mage  = 13.93, SD = 0.80). Results showed that the more youth were ethnically harassed, the more they engaged in violent acts over time. A separated identity significantly moderated the effect of ethnic harassment on youth's engagement in violent behaviors. Specifically, ethnic harassment positively predicted engagement in violent behaviors only at high levels of separated identity. Impulsivity and school ethnic composition did not act as moderators. The findings suggest that preventing violent behaviors among immigrant youth requires a focus on promoting positive interethnic relationships, and multicultural identity among immigrant youth.

  • 296.
    Bazergani, Dlvin
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Lazian, Svetlana
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Den gravida missbrukaren: En integrativ forskningsöversikt om gravida missbrukares inställning till missbruksbehandling2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 297.
    Beckley, Amber
    Department of Criminology, Stockholm university, Stockholm, Sweden .
    Correlates of war? Towards an understanding of nativity-based variation in immigrant offending2013Inngår i: European Journal of Criminology, ISSN 1477-3708, E-ISSN 1741-2609, Vol. 10, nr 4, s. 408-423Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study uses Swedish register data to assess the impact of war in the home country on the individual likelihood of registered violent crime among young male immigrants in Stockholm, Sweden. War in the home country during a migrant’s residence is significantly related to a higher likelihood of registration for a violent crime. However, these results were not sustained in a sensitivity analysis, which considered serious property crime. Analysis of the history of war in the home country produces effects opposite to those predicted, with more years of war reducing the likelihood of violent crime. These findings indicate that war is capturing other factors, within the home or the receiving country, that may be related to violent crime.

  • 298.
    Beckley, Amber
    et al.
    Department of Criminology, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Kardell, Johan
    Department of Criminology, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Sarnecki, Jerzy
    Department of Criminology, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden; University of Gävle, Gävle, Sweden.
    Immigration and crime in Sweden2015Inngår i: Routledge handbook on crime and international migration / [ed] Sharon Pickering; Julie Ham, Routledge , 2015, s. 41-54Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter discusses immigration and criminality in Sweden. It presents a broad overview of immigration, immigrants and crime in Europe in general, which serves as an important point of departure for comparing and contrasting the Swedish context. The chapter covers the history of immigration to Sweden along with Sweden’s development of immigration and integration policy, and discusses Sweden’s immigration and integration policy. It provides context on studies of immigrant crime in Sweden. The section that follows provides an overview on immigrant criminality in Sweden based on research that has been done since the 1970s. Finally, the chapter summarizes and offer conclusions on the outlook of immigrant criminality in Sweden. Overall, the research indicates that over-representation in recorded crime has remained stable over time, even if immigration to Sweden has changed in character. The immigrant criminality in Sweden appears to depend mostly on Sweden’s reaction to and reception of immigrants.

  • 299.
    Bejerot, Eva
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Forsberg Kankkunen, Tina
    Sociologiska institutionen, Stockholms universitet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Hasselbladh, Hans
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Två decennier av New Public Management: arbetsmiljön i skola och sjukvård2015Inngår i: Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, ISSN 1400-9692, E-ISSN 2002-343X, Vol. 21, nr 3, s. 23-41Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 300.
    Bejerot, Eva
    et al.
    Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Gustavsson, Maria
    Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Forsberg Kankkunen, Tina
    Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Hasselbladh, Hans
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Ekberg, Kerstin
    Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Akutmottagningarnas konstanta kaos: styrning, det oförutsedda och motstånd2015Inngår i: Book of Abstracts FALF 2015 Conference 10, 2015Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Under många år har det funnits ett brett missnöje med långa väntetider på akutmottagningarna på svenska sjukhus. Media har skrivit mycket om detta område, politiker och huvudmän har introducerat en rad interven-tioner och myndigheter har inspekterat, mätt och jämfört för att stimulera ”best practice”. Men resultatet av allt detta är negativt – väntetiderna på akutmottagningarna har ökat under senare år! Vad kan detta bero på? Kan orsaken vara att styrformerna varit felaktigt utformade, att det under perioden skett andra förändringar vars effekter beslutsfattarna inte förutsåg, eller kan det vara läkargruppens motstånd till effektiviserande åtgärder som ligger bakom uteblivna förbättringar? I denna studie beskrivs dels de politiska initiativ och interventioner som gjorts på nationell nivå för att komma tillrätta med väntetiderna under 2010-talet, dels utfallet av dessa insatser så som de uppfattas av läkare som arbetar på akutmottagningar. I analysen intresserar vi oss särskilt för läkarnas inflytande och eventuella motstånd till förändringar.

    Initialt gjordes intervjuer med 14 läkare som arbetar på akutmottagningar på fyra sjukhus. De tillhör både den nya specialiteten akutvårdsläkare och andra specialiteter som är “gästdoktorer” på akuten. Intervjuerna gjor-des för att få kunskap inför en enkätundersökning, och har för detta arbete analyserats tematiskt med fokus på styrning, förändringar och dilemman i arbetet. Efter analysen av intervjuerna och identifiering av de styrfor-mer som respondenterna tog upp, studerades de rapporter och beslut som låg bakom dessa styrformer. Vilken kunskap baserades de på? Vilka hade inflytande på utformningen av förändringarna? Hur har styrningen anpassats över tid i relation till de svårigheter som akutmottagningarna har att klar av att möta målen?

    Den styrning som de intervjuade läkarna tar upp som kontraproduktiv är relaterad till överorganisatoriska direktiv och mål som är kopplade till prestationsmätningar av olika slag. Ett par exempel: För akutmottag-ningarna finns landstingsspecifika mål att i stort sett alla patienter på akuten ska vara färdigbehandlade inom fyra timmar. Det är ett mål som ständigt fallerar, som medför negativa ekonomiska konsekvenser för kliniken, men framför allt ger en känsla av misslyckande. På vissa enheter har styrningen lett till att man organiserat om arbetet för att förbättra mätresultaten – inte vården. Andra förändringar handlar om ett nationellt föränd-ringsprogram för att med stöd av lean effektivisera arbetssättet, det vill säga hur arbetsuppgifterna organiseras på mottagningarna. Även här beskriver respondenterna problem avseende arbetmiljö och vårdkvalitet.

    Analysen indikerar att styrformerna utmanar den professionella identiteten och skapar nya dilemman. Men det finns i praktiken inga möjligheter för läkarna att göra motstånd; man kan föra fram synpunkter, men de beaktas inte, man kan på individnivå strunta i något delmoment, men det är i det lilla. Resultaten diskuteras i termer av makt och motstånd. I förlängningen bör denna studie utvidgas med intervjuer av chefer och besluts-fattare.

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