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  • 251.
    Bisheng, Chen
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    The Nexus between Per Capita Consumption Expenditure and Disposable Income: Evidence Using Two Groups Time Series data of Shanghai, China2009Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 252.
    Bjerke, Annelie
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Bostadsprisernas utveckling i Sverige: En makroekonomisk empirisk analys av prisbildningen på småhus2011Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 253.
    Bjerke, Annelie
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Hugget som stucket: En empirisk analys av rotpostpriser i Sverige på kort och lång sikt2012Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (yrkesexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 254.
    Bjuggren, Carl Magnus
    et al.
    The Swedish Ratio Institute (HUI), Stockholm, Sweden.
    Daundfeldt, Sven-Olov
    The Swedish Ratio Institute (HUI), Stockholm, Sweden.
    Johansson, Dan
    The Swedish Ratio Institute (HUI), Stockholm, Sweden.
    Ownership and High Growth Firms2010Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Empirical studies demonstrate that most net job-growth originates from a small number of high-growth firms (HGFs). The purpose of this paper is to analyze whether firm ownership – family, or private non-family – matters for being a HGF, using data covering all firms in Sweden during 1993-2006. Firm growth is measured in terms of absolute employment growth, relative employment growth and as a combination of absolute and relative employment growth (the so-called Birch-index). We find that family ownership decreases the probability of exhibiting high growth. Changing ownership from family to private non family increases the probability of being a HGF, whereas a change from private non-family to family ownership decreases the probability of being a HGF. The results are robust, irrespective of measurement of firm growth, suggesting that ownership and changes in ownership are important determinants of rapid firm growth.

  • 255.
    Bjuggren, Carl Magnus
    et al.
    Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden; Stockholm School of Economics, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Daunfeldt, Sven-Olov
    HUI Research, Stockholm, Sweden; Dalarna University, Dalarna, Sweden.
    Johansson, Dan
    HUI Research, Stockholm, Sweden; Dalarna University, Dalarna, Sweden.
    High-Growth Firms and Family Ownership2013Ingår i: Journal of Small Business and Entrepreneurship, ISSN 0827-6331, E-ISSN 2169-2610, Vol. 26, nr 4, s. 365-385Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 256.
    Bjuggren, Carl Magnus
    et al.
    Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden; Stockholm School of Economics/EHFF, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Daunfeldt, Sven-Olov
    The Swedish Ratio Institute (HUI), Stockholm, Sweden; Dalarna University, Borlänge, Sweden.
    Johansson, Dan
    The Swedish Ratio Institute (HUI), Stockholm, Sweden.
    Ownership and high-growth firms2010Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Empirical studies demonstrate that most net job-growth  originates from a small number of high-growth firms (HGFs). The purpose of  this paper is to analyze whether firm ownership – family, or private  non-family – matters for being a HGF, using data covering all firms in  Sweden during 1993-2006. Firm growth is measured in terms of absolute  employment growth, relative employment growth and as a combination of  absolute and relative employment growth (the so-called Birch-index). We  find that family ownership decreases the probability of exhibiting high  growth. Changing ownership from family to private non family increases the  probability of being a HGF, whereas a change from private non-family to  family ownership decreases the probability of being a HGF. The results are  robust, irrespective of measurement of firm growth, suggesting that  ownership and changes in ownership are important determinants of rapid firm  growth.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Rapport
  • 257.
    Bjuggren, Carl Magnus
    et al.
    Ratioinstitutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Johansson, Dan
    Ratioinstitutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Privat och offentlig sysselsättning i Sverige 1950-20052009Ingår i: Ekonomisk Debatt, ISSN 0345-2646, Vol. 37, nr 1, s. 41-53Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Ny statistik gör det möjligt att analysera den privata och offentliga sysselsätt-ningsutvecklingen utifrån fler ägarkategorier samt verksamheters branschtillhörighet och storlek. Jämfört med tidigare har den privata sysselsättningen utvecklats svagare. Privata företag utan koncerntillhörighet uppvisar en sjunkande sysselsättning. Hade deras sysselsättning som andel av den arbetsföra befolkningen varit oförändrad skulle ytterligare 225 000 personer ha varit sysselsatta år 2005. Sysselsättningen i stora industrikoncerner har fallit kraftigt. Minskningarna förklaras rimligtvis till viss del av strukturomvandling, men också av utslagning. Den ekonomiska politikens effekter på privatpersoners incitament att starta och expandera företag bör tas upp till diskussion.

  • 258.
    Bjuggren, Carl Magnus
    et al.
    Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden; Stockholm School of Economics/EHFF, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Johansson, Dan
    The Ratio Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Stenkula, Mikael
    Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN), Stockholm, Sweden.
    Using Self-employment as Proxy for Entrepreneurship: Some Empirical Caveats2010Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Research on entrepreneurship has received an increased amount of interest inrecent years, with self-employment being used as the most common proxy for“entrepreneurship” in empirical studies. However, there are various ways of defining selfemployment,making it a somewhat dubious proxy. This may flaw the analysis, especially incross-country studies, since the documentation of data often is insufficient and difficult toaccess due to language barriers. We present an analysis of Swedish self-employment data. Weshow that the measurement of self-employment has changed over time to noticeably affect thereported number of self-employed in the two major statistical sources on self-employment.The reported development of self-employment sometimes differs diametrically depending onsource. Sweden is occasionally erroneously reported to show the largest increase in self-employment in cross-country studies. Our study mimics the results of other country-specificanalyses and we conclude that well-grounded conclusions require that the advantages anddisadvantages of different statistical sources are recognized.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Using Self-employment as Proxy for Entrepreneurship
  • 259.
    Bjuggren, Carl Magnus
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Linköping, Sweden.
    Johansson, Dan
    Högskolan Dalarna, Borlänge, Sweden.
    Stenkula, Mikael
    Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN), Stockholm, Sweden.
    Using self–employment as proxy for entrepreneurship: some empirical caveats2012Ingår i: International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, ISSN 1476-1297, E-ISSN 1741-8054, Vol. 17, nr 3, s. 290-303Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Self–employment is the most frequently used measure of entrepreneurship. However, its definition varies between countries, which makes comparisons difficult. We present an analysis of Swedish self–employment data and show that even within one country, the depicted development differs greatly depending on the source used. Unlike previous claims in cross–country studies, we find that there is no basis for categorising Sweden as having increased its self–employment rate more than others. This demonstrates a need to carefully specify the characteristics of the data, and their advantages and disadvantages, before drawing conclusions about the frequency of entrepreneurship in different countries.

  • 260.
    Bjuggren, Per-Olof
    et al.
    Internationella Handelshögskolan, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Du Rietz, Gunnar
    Ratioinstitutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Johansson, Dan
    Ratioinstitutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    3:12-reglerna: en ekonomisk analys2007Ingår i: Ekonomisk Debatt, ISSN 0345-2646, Vol. 35, nr 7, s. 18-30Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    3:12-reglerna, vilka reglerar beskattningen av ett fåmansföretags överskott som förvärvs- respektive kapitalinkomst, har kritiserats för att de är krångliga och ger felaktiga incitament. Vi ansluter till denna kritik från en annorlunda infallsvinkel. Reglernas utformning står i strid med slutsatserna i beprövade teorier om hur politiken ska utformas för att uppnå sysselsättning och tillväxt, exempelvis behandlas inte ersättningen till kapital som en residual. 3:12-reglerna skapar olikformigheter i beskattningen, öppnar möjligheter till skatteplanering och orsakar snedvridningar. Reglernas komplexitet torde i sig fungera som ett etablerings- och tillväxthinder för produktivt entreprenörskap. Lagstiftaren har underskattat de negativa konsekvenserna av 3:12-reglerna, främst för snabbväxande entreprenörsföretag.

  • 261.
    Bjuggren, Per-Olof
    et al.
    Internationella Handelshögskolan, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Johansson, Dan
    Ratioinstitutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Svar till Edin och Lodin angående 3:12-reglerna2008Ingår i: Ekonomisk Debatt, ISSN 0345-2646, Vol. 36, nr 5, s. 57-59Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 262.
    Björhed, Simon
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Karlsson, Jonas
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Arbetslöshetens effekt på brottsligheten - finns den?2017Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Arbetslöshetens effekt på brottsligheten - finns den?
  • 263.
    Björkvall, Jonathan
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Bergman, Eric
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Artificiell intelligens (AI) och företags utveckling: En panelstudie om sambandet mellan AI och förädlingsvärde respektive AI och antal anställda2023Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Artificiell intelligens (AI) och företags utveckling
  • 264.
    Blix, Mårten
    et al.
    Institutet för Näringslivsforskning, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Jordahl, Henrik
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Privatizing Welfare Services: Lessons from the Swedish Experiment2021Bok (Refereegranskat)
  • 265.
    Blix, Mårten
    et al.
    Ratio.
    Jordahl, Henrik
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Moberg, Linda
    Uppsala universitet.
    Persson, Lovisa
    Högskolan Kristianstad.
    Tid att följa upp: Digital tidmätning i svensk hemtjänst2023Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Digitala tidmätningssystem används i svensk hemtjänst för att mäta och följa upp hemtjänstbesökens längd och innehåll. Systemen samlar in data i realtid och om alla besök. I detta avseende är digital tidmätning ett kraftfullt verktyg som kan förväntas ge bättre förutsättningar för mål-och resultatstyrning än analoga metoder. Samtidigt innebär tidmätningen risker för arbetsmiljön då den kan uppfattas som detaljstyrande och stressande. I denna rapport presenterar vi resultaten från en enkät som skickades ut till alla kommuner om deras användande av tidmätningssystem i hemtjänsten. 123 kommuner besvarade enkäten och 94 av dessa angav att de mäter tidsanvändningen med hjälp av digitala system. I denna rapport presenterar och diskuterar vi resultaten från denna enkät.

  • 266.
    Block, Florian
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Lindqvist, Eric
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Räntespreadens effekt på börsutvecklingen2007Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 267.
    Block, Florian
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Westerlund, Eric
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Prissättning i oroliga tider: En studie av den svenska aktiemarknaden2010Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 268.
    Blommé, Frida
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Internetauktionen - engelsk eller Vickrey?: En analys av Bjudit.se2008Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 269.
    Blommé, Frida
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Lastbilschaufför...underbetald?: En analys av lönen för lastbilschaufförer i Sverige2008Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 270.
    Bodewall, Elin
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Brandström, Hanna
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Gröna lån: Kommunal trovärdighet i gröna investeringar2018Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Gröna lån
  • 271.
    Bodnar, Taras
    et al.
    Department of Mathematics, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Mazur, Stepan
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Podgórski, Krzysztof
    Department of Statistics, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Nguyen, Hoang
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Singular Inverse Wishart Distribution and its Application to Portfolio Theory2023Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 272.
    Bohl, Martin T.
    et al.
    Department of Economics, Westphalian Wilhelminian University of Münster, Münster, Germany.
    Javed, Farrukh
    Department of Statistics, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Stephan, Patrick M.
    Department of Economics, Westphalian Wilhelminian University of Münster, Münster, Germany.
    Do Commodity Index Traders Destabilize Agricultural Futures Prices?2013Ingår i: Applied Economics Quarterly, ISSN 1611-6607, Vol. 59, nr 2, s. 125-148Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Motivated by repeated price spikes and crashes over the last decade, we investigate whether the intensive investment activities of commodity index traders (CITs) have destabilized agricultural futures markets. Using a stochastic volatility model, we treat conditional volatility as an unobserved component, and analyze whether it has been affected by the expected and unexpected open interest of CITs. However, with respect to twelve increasingly financialized grain, livestock, and soft commodities, we do not find robust evidence that this is the case. We thus conclude that justifying a tighter regulation of CITs by blaming them for more volatile agricultural futures markets appears to be unwarranted.

  • 273.
    Bohlin, Lars
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Climate policy within an international emission trading system: a Swedish caseManuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper uses a CGE model to analyse the optimal climate policy in Sweden before and after introduction of the Emission Trading System (EU ETS) for CO2  emissions in the European Union. The optimal distribution of domestic energy tax rates is derived for different actors. It is shown that the welfare maximizing tax rates, before the introduction of EU ETS, is equal for all actors in the economy. After the introduction of the EU ETS, it is beneficial to have exemptions for installations covered by emission trading. Before the introduction of EU ETS the low tax rates for electricity induced substantial carbon emissions in neighbouring countries through the common Nordic market for electricity. This effect, however, is not present after the introduction of EU ETS.

  • 274.
    Bohlin, Lars
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    SAINT: A standardized CGE-model for analysis of indirect taxationManuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper describes a computable general equilibrium (CGE) model that builds on the IFPRI standard model but is more suitable for analysis of taxes on specific commodities. It has a richer structure of taxes and trade margins on commodities than the IFPRI model and a flexible nest structure of production and household demand functions. It may be used for open as well as for closed economies. Also, data for a Swedish implementation is described and this application of the model is compared to some previous Swedish CGE models in terms of the estimated effects of a doubling of the CO2 tax rate.

  • 275.
    Bohlin, Lars
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Taxation of intermediate goods: a CGE analysis2010Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation is concerned with tax rates for the use of commodities in general, and energy in particular. Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) models are used to analyze the normative question of whether the tax rate for intermediate use by firms should be the same as the tax rate for final consumption by households. To answer this question, a distinction needs to be made between fiscal taxes for the purpose of raising revenue for the government, and Pigovian taxes for the purpose of changing behaviour. Concerning fiscal taxes, firms should not pay taxes on their use of inputs if the tax rates in final consumption are at their optimal level. If the tax rate for households is above the optimal level, intermediate use in firms should be taxed in order to increase the price of other commodities and reduce the distortion of relative prices. Essay 1 ascertains what factors determine the optimal relation between the tax rate for final consumption by households and intermediate use by firms. Essay 2 analyses Swedish energy taxes from the perspective of reducing global emission of CO2. It is found that the welfare maximizing tax rates are equal for households and firms not participating in emission trading, while firms that participate in emission trading should have a zero tax rate. Essays 3 and 4 deal with methodological issues. Essay 3 derives a new method for estimation of symmetric input-output tables from supply and use tables. This method solves the problem of negative coefficients, makes it possible to use both the industry and commodity technology assumptions simultaneously and enables the commodity technology assumption to be used even when the number of commodities is larger than the number of industries. Essay 4 describes the model used in the first two essays. The price structure developed here makes it possible to take into account price differences between different purchasers other than differences in tax rates. This essay also makes a comparison between the Swedish implementation of this model and other Swedish CGE-models used to analyse climate policy and energy taxation.

    Delarbeten
    1. Taxing intermediate goods to compensate for distorting taxes on household consumption
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Taxing intermediate goods to compensate for distorting taxes on household consumption
    (Engelska)Manuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    In contrast to the classic result in Diamond and Mirrlees (1971) that fiscal taxes should not be levied on intermediate use of goods, Newbury (1985) showed that, in a closed economy with Leontief technology, input taxes should be used to indirectly tax commodities that for some reason are untaxed in final consumption.

    This paper extends the Newbury result to more general cases; i.e., to open economies with substitution possibilities in the production functions. Moreover, it shows that the welfare maximizing proportion between the tax rate for intermediate use by firms and final demand by households declines with higher elasticities of substitution in production functions and with higher price elasticities in import demand functions and export supply functions. It also shows that the welfare maximizing proportion of tax rates between households and firms for one commodity will depend upon the corresponding proportion of tax rates for important substitutes for that commodity. These results are shown both in stylized Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) models and in an applied CGE model of the Swedish economy where the tax on electricity is used as an example.

    Nyckelord
    Optimal taxation, CGE-analysis
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Nationalekonomi Samhällsvetenskap
    Forskningsämne
    Nationalekonomi
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-12173 (URN)
    Tillgänglig från: 2010-10-14 Skapad: 2010-10-12 Senast uppdaterad: 2022-12-21Bibliografiskt granskad
    2. Climate policy within an international emission trading system: a Swedish case
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Climate policy within an international emission trading system: a Swedish case
    (Engelska)Manuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper uses a CGE model to analyse the optimal climate policy in Sweden before and after introduction of the Emission Trading System (EU ETS) for CO2  emissions in the European Union. The optimal distribution of domestic energy tax rates is derived for different actors. It is shown that the welfare maximizing tax rates, before the introduction of EU ETS, is equal for all actors in the economy. After the introduction of the EU ETS, it is beneficial to have exemptions for installations covered by emission trading. Before the introduction of EU ETS the low tax rates for electricity induced substantial carbon emissions in neighbouring countries through the common Nordic market for electricity. This effect, however, is not present after the introduction of EU ETS.

    Nyckelord
    CO2 taxation; Energy taxation; Climate Policy; Computable General Equilibrium; Carbon Leakage; Emission Trading.
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Nationalekonomi Samhällsvetenskap
    Forskningsämne
    Nationalekonomi
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-12174 (URN)
    Tillgänglig från: 2010-10-14 Skapad: 2010-10-12 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-10-17Bibliografiskt granskad
    3. Estimation of Commodity-by-Commodity Input–Output Matrices
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Estimation of Commodity-by-Commodity Input–Output Matrices
    2006 (Engelska)Ingår i: Economic Systems Research, ISSN 0953-5314, E-ISSN 1469-5758, Vol. 18, nr 2, s. 205-215Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we derive a method for the estimation of symmetric input–output tables (SIOTs), which makes it possible to use the commodity technology assumption even when use- and make tables are rectangular. The method also solves the problem of negative coefficients. In the empirical part we derive annual SIOTs in order to evaluate the differences between SIOTs calculated with different methods and the change in technical coefficients over time. Our results, based on data for Sweden, show that the impact of using different technology assumptions is rather large. However, in a factor content of trade application the impact of different technology assumptions does not seem to be very important. Also the size of the changes in the technical coefficients over time is found to be quite large, indicating the importance of calculating SIOTs annually.

    Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
    London: Routledge, 2006
    Nyckelord
    Input–output model, commodity technology, product technology, factor content of trade
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Nationalekonomi
    Forskningsämne
    Nationalekonomi
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-12177 (URN)10.1080/09535310600653164 (DOI)2-s2.0-33745302399 (Scopus ID)
    Tillgänglig från: 2010-10-14 Skapad: 2010-10-12 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-12Bibliografiskt granskad
    4. SAINT: A standardized CGE-model for analysis of indirect taxation
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>SAINT: A standardized CGE-model for analysis of indirect taxation
    (Engelska)Manuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper describes a computable general equilibrium (CGE) model that builds on the IFPRI standard model but is more suitable for analysis of taxes on specific commodities. It has a richer structure of taxes and trade margins on commodities than the IFPRI model and a flexible nest structure of production and household demand functions. It may be used for open as well as for closed economies. Also, data for a Swedish implementation is described and this application of the model is compared to some previous Swedish CGE models in terms of the estimated effects of a doubling of the CO2 tax rate.

    Nyckelord
    CGE-models, commodity taxes, permit trading.
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Nationalekonomi Samhällsvetenskap
    Forskningsämne
    Nationalekonomi
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-12175 (URN)
    Tillgänglig från: 2010-10-14 Skapad: 2010-10-12 Senast uppdaterad: 2022-12-21Bibliografiskt granskad
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    FULLTEXT02
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    SPIKBLAD01
    Ladda ner (pdf)
    COVER01
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    ERRATA01
  • 276.
    Bohlin, Lars
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Taxing intermediate goods to compensate for distorting taxes on household consumptionManuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    In contrast to the classic result in Diamond and Mirrlees (1971) that fiscal taxes should not be levied on intermediate use of goods, Newbury (1985) showed that, in a closed economy with Leontief technology, input taxes should be used to indirectly tax commodities that for some reason are untaxed in final consumption.

    This paper extends the Newbury result to more general cases; i.e., to open economies with substitution possibilities in the production functions. Moreover, it shows that the welfare maximizing proportion between the tax rate for intermediate use by firms and final demand by households declines with higher elasticities of substitution in production functions and with higher price elasticities in import demand functions and export supply functions. It also shows that the welfare maximizing proportion of tax rates between households and firms for one commodity will depend upon the corresponding proportion of tax rates for important substitutes for that commodity. These results are shown both in stylized Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) models and in an applied CGE model of the Swedish economy where the tax on electricity is used as an example.

  • 277.
    Bohlin, Lars
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, Västerås, Sweden.
    Levin, Jörgen
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Sayeed, Yeasmin
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Estimation of Multiregional Social Accounting Matrices Using Transport DataManuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 278.
    Bohlin, Lars
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Widell, Lars M
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Estimation of Commodity-by-Commodity Input–Output Matrices2006Ingår i: Economic Systems Research, ISSN 0953-5314, E-ISSN 1469-5758, Vol. 18, nr 2, s. 205-215Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we derive a method for the estimation of symmetric input–output tables (SIOTs), which makes it possible to use the commodity technology assumption even when use- and make tables are rectangular. The method also solves the problem of negative coefficients. In the empirical part we derive annual SIOTs in order to evaluate the differences between SIOTs calculated with different methods and the change in technical coefficients over time. Our results, based on data for Sweden, show that the impact of using different technology assumptions is rather large. However, in a factor content of trade application the impact of different technology assumptions does not seem to be very important. Also the size of the changes in the technical coefficients over time is found to be quite large, indicating the importance of calculating SIOTs annually.

  • 279.
    Bonander, Carl
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Karlstad, Sweden.
    Jakobsson, Niklas
    Karlstad University, Karlstad, Sweden; Norwegian Social Research (NOVA), Oslo, Norway.
    Podesta, Federico
    FBK-IRVAPP, Trento, Italy.
    Svensson, Mikael
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet. Health Metrics, The Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Universities as engines for regional growth?: Using the synthetic control method to analyze the effects of research universities2016Ingår i: Regional Science and Urban Economics, ISSN 0166-0462, E-ISSN 1879-2308, Vol. 60, s. 198-207Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Are research universities important for regional growth and development? We study the impact on the regional economy of granting research university status to three former university colleges in three different regions in Sweden. We analyze the development in the treated regions compared to a set of control regions that are created using the synthetic control method. We find small or no effects on the regional economy. Our findings cast doubt on the effectiveness of research universities in fostering regional growth and development We contribute to the existing research by using a more credible identification strategy in assessing the effects of universities on the regional economy compared to what has usually been used in previous studies.

  • 280.
    Borchert, Ingo
    et al.
    Sussex University, Brighton, UK.
    Cory, Nigel
    Information Technology and Innovation Foundation.
    Drake-Brockman, Jane
    Institute for International Trade, University of Adelaide, Australia.
    Fan, Ziyang
    World Economic Forum.
    Findlay, Christopher
    Institute for International Trade, University of Adelaide, Australia.
    Kimura, Fukunari
    Keio University, Tokyo, Japan; ERIA .
    Kyvik Nordås, Hildegunn
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Lodefalk, Magnus
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Peng, Shin-Yi
    National Tsinghua University, Taiwan.
    Roelfsema, Hein
    Utrecht University, The Netherlands.
    Rizal Damuri, Yose
    Centre for Strategic and International Studies.
    Stephenson, Sherry
    PECC Taskforce on Services.
    Tu, Xinquan
    University of International Business and Economics, China.
    Van der Marel, Erik
    European Centre for International Political Economy.
    Yagci, Mustafa
    Islamic Development Bank.
    Digital Technologies, Services and the Fourth Industrial Revolution2020Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The increasingly rapid uptake of digital technologies is launching the global economy into the ‘Fourth Industrial Revolution’ and the next transformative wave of globalisation. Trade in merchandise is in long-run relative decline; trade in services, especially e services, is on a long-term relative upward trend - and associated cross-border data flows are growing exponentially. These structural shifts, and their impacts on competitiveness, are set to intensify. The G20 must assert a leadership role by signalling best practice policy and regulatory settings, including sustained openness to international trade, investment and data flows, so every nation can reap the productivity gains of the digital age. This Working Paper has been prepared as background for a short Policy Brief for the 2020 THINK20 Taskforce 1: Trade and Investment.

  • 281.
    Bordier, Oliver
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Dahlin, Anders
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Volatilitet pa Shanghai- och Shenzhenborsen: En studie av dess påverkan på Stockholmsbörsen och Kinaexponerade företag2015Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 282.
    Bornhäll, Anders
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet. HUI Research, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Economics, Dalarna University, Borlänge, Sweden.
    Do seniority rules protect older workers?: Age composition effects of the last-in-first-out principleManuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 283.
    Bornhäll, Anders
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Unseen job creators and firm growth barriers: the role of capital constraints and seniority rules2017Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The topic of this thesis is to provide a deeper understanding of how the institutional framework affects firms’ hiring decisions.

    The first article focuses on a group of firms, called sleeping gazelles, that do not grow despite having high profits. Sleeping gazelles constitute a much larger share of the firm population than that of high-growth firms. If it is growth barriers that are hindering these firms from hiring more employees, many new jobs could be created if these barriers were removed. To investigate the effects of one of the suggested growth barriers in the literature, the second article, focuses on whether small-firm growth is hampered by lack of capital. Using survey data from business owners matched with register data, we find that firms may face a capital constraint paradox, whereby the supply of external capital might be sufficient, but firm owners might refrain from accessing it due to fear of losing control of their companies. The third article investigates whether employment protection acts as a growth barrier in Sweden. Using a reform of the Swedish last-in-first-out (LIFO) rule, we estimate the causal effects from a liberalization of the employment protection. We find that firm growth increased because of the reform and that a more expansive reform could provide new job opportunities and increase overall employment. The LIFO rule was introduced to protect older workers. The fourth article investigates whether the reform weakened the labor market position of these workers. It is found that more young individuals who were unemployed or previously not in the workforce were hired as a consequence of the reform, showing that the reform lowered youth unemployment. There is no indication of older workers leaving the workforce or becoming unemployed to any greater extent after the reform. The fifth article show that the positive effects of the reform were limited to native workers, with no effects on the labor market position of immigrants. The effects depend on the relative insider-status of employees, so that groups of employees who are closer to being insiders benefit more from less-strict employment protection legislation than groups that are further from being insiders.

    Delarbeten
    1. Sleeping gazelles: The unseen job creators?
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Sleeping gazelles: The unseen job creators?
    2015 (Engelska)Ingår i: Entrepreneurial Growth: Individual, Firm, and Region / [ed] Andrew C. Corbett, Jerome A. Katz, Alexander Mckelvie, Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2015, s. 161-185Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    High-growth firms have recently received considerable attention in the firm growth literature. These firms might have grown despite the existence of growth barriers, and evidence also suggests that, having already grown exponentially, they may not be in the best position to grow further. Policies targeting high-growth firms may therefore be misdirected. We argue that entrepreneurship researchers should concentrate more on firms that are not hiring, despite having high profits. We call these firms “sleeping gazelles,” and demonstrate that they represented almost 10% of all limited liability firms in Sweden from 1997 to 2010. Nearly half of these firms continued to earn high or moderate profits in subsequent three-year periods, while still displaying no growth. Regression analyses indicate that these firms were significantly smaller, older, more likely to be active in industries with high profit uncertainty, and more likely to be located in less densely populated municipalities than were corresponding growing firms.

    Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
    Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2015
    Serie
    Advances in Entrepreneurship, Firm Emergence and Growth, ISSN 1074-7540 ; 17
    Nyckelord
    Gazelles, high-growth firms, firm growth, growth barriers, job creation
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Nationalekonomi
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-60668 (URN)10.1108/S1074-754020150000017013 (DOI)2-s2.0-84938795582 (Scopus ID)978-1-78560-047-0 (ISBN)978-1-78560-046-3 (ISBN)
    Tillgänglig från: 2017-09-08 Skapad: 2017-09-08 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-01-20Bibliografiskt granskad
    2. The capital constraint paradox in micro and small family and nonfamily firms
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>The capital constraint paradox in micro and small family and nonfamily firms
    2016 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of Entrepreneurship and Public Policy, ISSN 2045-2101, E-ISSN 2045-211X, Vol. 5, nr 1, s. 38-62Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to investigate the importance of the entrepreneur’s quest for independence and control over the firm for governance and financing strategies with a special focus on family firms and how they differ from nonfamily firms.

    Design/methodology/approach – The analysis is based on 1,000 telephone interviews with Swedish micro and small firms. The survey data are matched with firm-level data from the Bureau van Dijks database ORBIS.

    Findings – The analysis shows that independence is a prime motive for enterprises, statistically significantly more so for family owners. Family owners are more prone to use either their own savings or loans from family and are more reluctant to resort to external equity capital. Our results indicate a potential “capital constraint paradox”; there might be an abundance of external capital while firm growth is simultaneously constrained by a lack of internal funds.

    Research limitations/implications – The main limitation is that the study is based on cross-section data. Future studies could thus be based on longitudinal data.

    Practical implications – The authors argue that policy makers must recognize independence and control aversion as strong norms that guide entrepreneurial action and that micro- and small-firm growth would profit more from lower personal and corporate income taxes compared to policy schemes intended to increase the supply of external capital.

    Originality/value – The paper offers new insights regarding the value of independence and how it affects strategic decisions within the firm.

    Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
    Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2016
    Nyckelord
    Tax policy, Family firms, Informal institutions, Ownership
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Nationalekonomi
    Forskningsämne
    Nationalekonomi
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-52998 (URN)10.1108/JEPP-10-2015-0033 (DOI)000387745300003 ()2-s2.0-84962135382 (Scopus ID)
    Tillgänglig från: 2016-10-17 Skapad: 2016-10-17 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-09-15Bibliografiskt granskad
    3. Employment protection legislation and firm growth: evidence from a natural experiment
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Employment protection legislation and firm growth: evidence from a natural experiment
    2017 (Engelska)Ingår i: Industrial and Corporate Change, ISSN 0960-6491, E-ISSN 1464-3650, Vol. 26, nr 1, s. 169-185Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
    Abstract [en]

    A Swedish reform in 2001 made it possible for firms with less than 11 employees to exclude two from the last-in-first-out principle in case of layoffs. The reform increased employment growth with over 4000 additional jobs per year among firms with five to nine employees. Firms with 10 employees became 3.4 percentage points less likely to increase their workforce, indicating that the introduced threshold kept them from growing. Thus, employment protection legislation seems to act as a growth barrier for small firms.

    Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
    Oxford University Press, 2017
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Nationalekonomi
    Forskningsämne
    Nationalekonomi
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-55246 (URN)10.1093/icc/dtw017 (DOI)000397116700008 ()2-s2.0-85014433259 (Scopus ID)
    Tillgänglig från: 2017-02-02 Skapad: 2017-02-02 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-09-15Bibliografiskt granskad
    4. Do seniority rules protect older workers?: Age composition effects of the last-in-first-out principle
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Do seniority rules protect older workers?: Age composition effects of the last-in-first-out principle
    (Engelska)Manuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Nationalekonomi
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-60669 (URN)
    Tillgänglig från: 2017-09-08 Skapad: 2017-09-08 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-09-15Bibliografiskt granskad
    5. Employment Protection Legislation and the Labor Market Position of Immigrants: A Natural Experiment
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Employment Protection Legislation and the Labor Market Position of Immigrants: A Natural Experiment
    (Engelska)Manuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Nationalekonomi
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-60670 (URN)
    Tillgänglig från: 2017-09-08 Skapad: 2017-09-08 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-09-15Bibliografiskt granskad
    Ladda ner (png)
    Bild
    Ladda ner (pdf)
    Cover
    Ladda ner (pdf)
    Spikblad
  • 284.
    Bornhäll, Anders
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet. HUI Research, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Economics, Dalarna University, Borlänge, Sweden.
    Daunfeldt, Sven-Olov
    HUI Research, Stockholm, Sweden; Dalarna University, Borlänge, Sweden.
    Elert, Niklas
    Research institute of industrial economics, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Employment Protection Legislation and the Labor Market Position of Immigrants: A Natural ExperimentManuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 285.
    Bornhäll, Anders
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet. HUI Research AB, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Economics, Dalarna University, Borlänge, Sweden; School of Business, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
    Daunfeldt, Sven-Olov
    HUI Research AB, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Economics, Dalarna University, Borlänge, Sweden.
    Rudholm, Niklas
    HUI Research AB, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Economics, Dalarna University, Borlänge, Sweden.
    Employment protection legislation and firm growth: evidence from a natural experiment2017Ingår i: Industrial and Corporate Change, ISSN 0960-6491, E-ISSN 1464-3650, Vol. 26, nr 1, s. 169-185Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    A Swedish reform in 2001 made it possible for firms with less than 11 employees to exclude two from the last-in-first-out principle in case of layoffs. The reform increased employment growth with over 4000 additional jobs per year among firms with five to nine employees. Firms with 10 employees became 3.4 percentage points less likely to increase their workforce, indicating that the introduced threshold kept them from growing. Thus, employment protection legislation seems to act as a growth barrier for small firms.

  • 286.
    Bornhäll, Anders
    et al.
    HUI Research, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Daunfeldt, Sven-Olov
    HUI Research, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Rudholm, Niklas
    HUI Research, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Sleeping gazelles: The unseen job creators?2015Ingår i: Entrepreneurial Growth: Individual, Firm, and Region / [ed] Andrew C. Corbett, Jerome A. Katz, Alexander Mckelvie, Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2015, s. 161-185Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    High-growth firms have recently received considerable attention in the firm growth literature. These firms might have grown despite the existence of growth barriers, and evidence also suggests that, having already grown exponentially, they may not be in the best position to grow further. Policies targeting high-growth firms may therefore be misdirected. We argue that entrepreneurship researchers should concentrate more on firms that are not hiring, despite having high profits. We call these firms “sleeping gazelles,” and demonstrate that they represented almost 10% of all limited liability firms in Sweden from 1997 to 2010. Nearly half of these firms continued to earn high or moderate profits in subsequent three-year periods, while still displaying no growth. Regression analyses indicate that these firms were significantly smaller, older, more likely to be active in industries with high profit uncertainty, and more likely to be located in less densely populated municipalities than were corresponding growing firms.

  • 287.
    Bornhäll, Anders
    et al.
    Högskolan Dalarna, Borlänge, Sweden.
    Johansson, Dan
    Högskolan Dalarna, Borlänge, Sweden.
    Förstudie angående enkät av riskkapitalförsörjning i små och medelstora företag2012Rapport (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 288.
    Bornhäll, Anders
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet. HUI Research, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Economics, Dalarna University, Borlänge, Sweden.
    Johansson, Dan
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet. HUI Research, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Palmberg, Johanna
    Swedish Entrepreneurship Forum, Stockholm, Sweden; CESIS, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.
    The capital constraint paradox in micro and small family and nonfamily firms2016Ingår i: Journal of Entrepreneurship and Public Policy, ISSN 2045-2101, E-ISSN 2045-211X, Vol. 5, nr 1, s. 38-62Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to investigate the importance of the entrepreneur’s quest for independence and control over the firm for governance and financing strategies with a special focus on family firms and how they differ from nonfamily firms.

    Design/methodology/approach – The analysis is based on 1,000 telephone interviews with Swedish micro and small firms. The survey data are matched with firm-level data from the Bureau van Dijks database ORBIS.

    Findings – The analysis shows that independence is a prime motive for enterprises, statistically significantly more so for family owners. Family owners are more prone to use either their own savings or loans from family and are more reluctant to resort to external equity capital. Our results indicate a potential “capital constraint paradox”; there might be an abundance of external capital while firm growth is simultaneously constrained by a lack of internal funds.

    Research limitations/implications – The main limitation is that the study is based on cross-section data. Future studies could thus be based on longitudinal data.

    Practical implications – The authors argue that policy makers must recognize independence and control aversion as strong norms that guide entrepreneurial action and that micro- and small-firm growth would profit more from lower personal and corporate income taxes compared to policy schemes intended to increase the supply of external capital.

    Originality/value – The paper offers new insights regarding the value of independence and how it affects strategic decisions within the firm.

  • 289.
    Botelho, Anabela
    et al.
    Department of Economics, Management, Industrial Engineering and Tourism, Research Unit on Governance, Competitiveness, and Public Policy (GOVCOPP), University of Aveiro, Aveiro, Portugal.
    Harrison, Glenn W.
    Department of Risk Management and Insurance and Center for the Economic Analysis of Risk, Georgia State University, Atlanta, USA; School of Economics, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.
    Pinto, Ligia M. Costa
    NIPE, Centre for Research in Economics and Management, University of Minho, Braga, Portugal.
    Ross, Don
    School of Society, Politics and Ethics, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland; School of Economics, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa; School of Business, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
    Rutström, Elisabet
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet. Center for the Economic Analysis of Risk, Georgia State University, Atlanta, USA.
    Endogenous choice of institutional punishment mechanisms to promote social cooperation2022Ingår i: Public Choice, ISSN 0048-5829, E-ISSN 1573-7101, Vol. 191, nr 3-4, s. 309-335Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Does the desirability of social institutions for public goods provision depend on the extent to which they include mechanisms for endogenous enforcement of cooperative behavior? We consider alternative institutions that vary the use of direct punishments to promote social cooperation. In one institution, subjects participate in a public goods experiment in which an initial stage of voluntary contribution is followed by a second stage of voluntary, costly sanctioning. Another institution consists of the voluntary contribution stage only, with no subsequent opportunity to sanction. In a third stage subjects vote for which institution they prefer for future interactions: do they prefer one that does allow sanctions or one that does not allow sanctions? Our results show that even though sanctions are frequently used when available, the clear majority of individuals vote for the institution that does not allow sanctions. Thus, a distinction is required between the principles that guide the choice of institutions and the principles that apply to actions guided by institutions. Our results indicate that it is the wealth generated by the institution that determines its desirability.

  • 290.
    Bovellan, Marcus
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Morell, Viktor
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Storlekens betydelse: En jämförelse av den riskjusterade avkastningen hos de största och minsta aktiebolagen på Stockholmsbörsen mellan åren 2005 och 20122013Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 291.
    Bratt-Börjesson, Maria
    et al.
    Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan, Stockholm, Sverige.
    Flam, Harry
    Stockholms universitet, Stockholm, Sverige.
    Hassler, John
    Stockholms universitet, Stockholm, Sverige.
    Hultkrantz, Lars
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Kågeson, Per
    Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan, Stockholm, Sverige.
    Nilsson, Jan-Erik
    Transportekonomi (TEK), Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut (VTI), Linköping, Sverige.
    KD:s nej till höghastighetståg var ett samhällsekonomiskt välgrundat beslut2019Ingår i: Dagens Nyheter, ISSN 1101-2447Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 292.
    Bratt-Börjesson, Maria
    et al.
    Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan, Stockholm, Sverige.
    Flam, Harry
    Stockholms universitet, Stockholm, Sverige.
    Hassler, John
    Stockholms universitet, Stockholm, Sverige.
    Hultkrantz, Lars
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Kågeson, Per
    Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan, Stockholm, Sverige.
    Nilsson, Jan-Erik
    Transportekonomi (TEK), Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut (VTI), Linköping, Sverige.
    KD:s riksting bör nödbromsa stödet för höghastighetståg2019Ingår i: Dagens nyheter, ISSN 1101-2447Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 293.
    Bratt-Börjesson, Maria
    et al.
    Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan, Stockholm, Sverige.
    Flam, Harry
    Stockholms universitet, Stockholm, Sverige.
    Hultkrantz, Lars
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Kågeson, Per
    Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan, Stockholm, Sverige.
    Nilsson, Jan-Eric
    Transportekonomi (TEK), Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut (VTI), Linköping, Sverige.
    Jättestor nytta, men ännu större kostnad2016Ingår i: Dagens Nyheter, ISSN 1101-2447Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 294.
    Brauer, Ebba
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Dominerande kapitalstrukturer i svenska börsnoterade företag: Testning av pecking order och trade-off teorin2022Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 295.
    Brauer, Ebba
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Frick, Evelina
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Studietid, arbetstid eller fritid – Vad väljer studenterna?2020Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 296.
    Braunerhejlm, Pontus
    et al.
    Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden; Center for Business and Policy Studies (SNS) , Stockholm, Sweden.
    Johansson, Dan
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet. Ratio Institute , Stockholm, Sweden.
    The Determinants of Spatial Concentration: The Manufacturing and Service Sectors in an International Perspective2003Ingår i: Industry and Innovation, ISSN 1366-2716, E-ISSN 1469-8390, Vol. 10, nr 1, s. 41-63Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study is concerned with determinants of spatial concentration in both the manufacturing and service sectors in Sweden during the period 1975-93. By implementing a detailed data-set on the regional distribution of production, the study is addressed first to the degree of regional concentration in Sweden through Ellison-Glaeser indexes and regional Ginicoefficients. It is shown that concentration is considerably stronger in the manufacturing sector than in the service sector. Moreover, the differences have widened over time. In services, knowledge intensity seems to promote concentration to a larger extent than in manufacturing. An econometric examination is then conducted of the determinants of spatially concentrated industries in the manufacturing sector. Results indicate that production technology and the historical distribution of production seem to exert a stronger influence on location than non-pecuniary knowledge externalities. Finally, the degree of regional concentration in Sweden is compared with France and the USA. We find that concentration in production is more pronounced in Sweden than in these other countries.

  • 297. Braunerhjelm, P.
    et al.
    Çetindamar, D.
    Johansson, Dan
    Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan (KTH), Stockholm, Sweden.
    The Support Structure of the Biomedical Cluster: Research, Intermediary and Financial Organizations2001Ingår i: New Technological Systems in the Bio Industries: An International Study / [ed] Bo Carlsson, Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2001, s. 123-144Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 298.
    Braunerhjelm, Pontus
    et al.
    Center for Business and Policy Studies (SNS), Stockholm, Sweden.
    Carlsson, Bo
    Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland Ohio, USA.
    Cetindamar, Dilek
    Sabanci University, Istanbul, Turkey .
    Johansson, Dan
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet. Royal Institute of Technology, Industrial Organization and Management, Stockholm, Sweden.
    The Old and the New: The Evolution of Polymer and Biomedical Clusters in Ohio and in Sweden2000Ingår i: Journal of evolutionary economics, ISSN 0936-9937, E-ISSN 1432-1386, Vol. 10, nr 5, s. 471-488Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the rapid growth of the polymer-based and biomedical clusters in Ohio and Sweden – two regions of similar size and with similar traditions undergoing similar industrial restructuring.

    Two issues are addressed: First, why has growth been so strong in these particular clusters, i.e., can we identify the sources of the growth and dynamics in these sectors? Second, why do these two clusters differ in Ohio and Sweden in terms of size, level and type of activity, number and composition of actors, size structure of firms and growth patterns over the last couple of decades? In particular, what is the role of public policies as well as cultural, historical, and geographic factors?

    Our main conclusions are (1) that there is strong path dependence in both clusters in both countries, and (2) that the key to rapid development is a high absorptive capacity combined with rapid diffusion to new potential users. Our policy discussion addresses these issues.

  • 299. Braunerhjelm, Pontus
    et al.
    Carlsson, Bo
    Case Western Reserve University, Ohio, USA.
    Johansson, Dan
    Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan (KTH), Stockholm, Sweden.
    Industriella kluster, tillväxt och ekonomisk politik1998Ingår i: Ekonomisk Debatt, ISSN 0345-2646, Vol. 26, nr 6, s. 419-430Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Sedan 1970-talets mitt har tillväxten i svensk ekonomi legat under OECDs genomsnitt, andelen sysselsättning i den privata sektorn minskat och den industriella förnyelsen varit svag. Viktiga orsaker till skillnader i tillväxttakter och industriell dynamik som lyfts fram i senare års forskning är dels kunskapsackumulering, dels sättet att organisera industriell produktion med betoning på decentraliserade strukturer och klusterformationer. I föreliggande artikel analyseras i vilken utsträckning skillnader i industriell dynamik i USA och Sverige kan hänföras till förekomsten av sådana klusterbildningar, samt hur dessa klusters kunskapsintensitet och sammansättning skiljer sig mellan länderna.

  • 300.
    Braunerhjelm, Pontus
    et al.
    The Industrial Institute for Economic and Social Research (IUI), Stockholm, Sweden.
    Ekholm, Karolina
    IUI and Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Grundberg, Lennart
    The Industrial Institute for Economic and Social Research (IUI), Stockholm, Sweden.
    Karpaty, Patrik
    The Industrial Institute for Economic and Social Research (IUI), Stockholm, Sweden.
    Swedish multinational corporations: recent trends in foreign activities1996Övrigt (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents recent trends in the foreign activities of Swedish multinationals. The focus is on the distribution of production and R&D between the MNCs' domestic and foreign units, and the pattern of trade within the firms. Issues concerning entry modes and the importance of information technology in coordinating geographically dispersed production are also highlighted. Despite considerable improvements in the conditions for industrial activities in Sweden, the trend towards increased internationalization of Swedish firms has continued. After a noticeable increase in the share of foreign production located in the former European Community between 1986 and 1990, the recent development suggests a return to a regional distribution of foreign activities similar to the one prevailing in 1986. In the 1990s the increase in foreign production by Swedish MNCs has been concentrated to the NAFTA-countries, Asia and Eastern Europe. Another striking result is the pronounced increase in the share of foreign R&D that has taken place between 1990 and 1994.

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