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  • 251.
    Berglund, Sten
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Ekman, JoakimSödertörns högskola.Aarebrot, Frank H.Universitet i Bergen.
    The handbook of political change in Eastern Europe2004Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 252.
    Berglund, Sten
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Ekman, JoakimSödertörn University, Stockholm, Sweden.Deegan-Krause, KevinWayne State University, Detroit MI, USA.Knutsen, TerjeUniversity of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.
    The handbook of political change in Eastern Europe2013Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Refereegranskat)
  • 253.
    Berglund, Sten
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Ekman, Joakim
    Södertörn University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Knutsen, Terje
    University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.
    Aarebrot, Frank
    University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.
    The resilience of history2013Ingår i: The handbook of political change in Eastern Europe / [ed] Sten Berglund, Joakim Ekman, Kevin Deegan-Krause, Terje Knutsen, Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing , 2013, 3, s. 15-34Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 254.
    Berglund, Sten
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Ekman, Joakim
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Vogt, Henri
    University of Helsinki.
    Aarebrot, Frank H.
    University of Bergen.
    The making of the European Union: foundations, institutions and future trends2006 (uppl. 1)Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 255.
    Berglund, Sten
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Hellén, Tomas
    Aarebrot, Frank
    Universitet i Bergen.
    Foundations of change1998Ingår i: The handbook of political change in Eastern Europe / [ed] Sten Berglund, Tomas Hellén, Frank H. Aarebrot, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 1998, 1, s. 1-12Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 256.
    Berglund, Sten
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Hellén, TomasAarebrot, Frank H.Institutt for sammenliknende politikk, Universitetet i Bergen.
    The handbook of political change in Eastern Europe1998Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 257.
    Berglund, Sten
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Linde, Jonas
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Ekman, Joakim
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    An assessment of support for democracy in the new EU member states2004Ingår i: Central Europe beyond double enlargement / [ed] Algimantas Jankauskas, Ramunas Vilpisauskas, Inga Vinogradnaite, Vilnius: Institute of International Relations and Political Science , 2004Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 258.
    Berglund, Sten
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Lindström, Ulf
    Department of Political science, University of Umeå .
    The Scandinavian party system(s) in transition (?): a macro-level analysis1979Ingår i: European Journal of Political Research, ISSN 0304-4130, E-ISSN 1475-6765, Vol. 7, nr 2, s. 187-204Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    A fifty-year period of tranquility in the Scandinavian party arena was broken in 1970 with the success of the Finnish Rural Party and the Swedish Center Party. Three years later, Denmark and Norway witnessed the break-through of heretofore unknown parties: the Progressive Party, the Center Democrats and the Norwegian Anders Lange's Party. Social Democracy consistently came out as the big loser.

    This paper focuses on party system stability and its correlates in postwar Scandinavia. What was it that the losing parties failed to adapt to: changing social conflict structures, changing political realities or both?

    The data from all four countries concur in highlighting the importance of the political as opposed to the sociological. The social changes which manifested themselves in the early '70s, most notably the decrease in class voting, were not dramatic enough to undermine the class character of the party systems. Even the new arrivals make sense in a left-right perspective. The drop in class voting was an asset to whatever party knew how to take advantage of it; and the realigning elections in the early part of this decade testify to the unwillingness rather than the inability of most parties to do so.

  • 259.
    Berglund, Sten
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Risbjerg Thomsen, SörenÅrhus universitet.
    Modern political ecological analysis1990Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 260.
    Berglund, Sten
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Risbjerg Thomsen, Sören
    Wörlund, Ingemar
    Mittuniversitet.
    The mobilization of the Swedish vote: an ecological analysis of the general elections of 1928, 1948 and 19681990Ingår i: Modern political ecological analysis / [ed] Sten Berglund, Sören Risbjerg Thomsen, Åbo: Åbo akademi , 1990, s. 63-77Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 261.
    Berglund, Sten
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för humaniora, utbildning och samhällsvetenskap.
    Sedelius, Thomas
    Dalarnas högskola, Falun, Sweden.
    Turning the clock backwards?: Hybrid regime dynamics in post-orange Ukraine2011Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 262.
    Berglund, Sten
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Wörlund, Ingemar
    Institutionen för Samhällsvetenskap, Mittuniversitetet.
    The disintegration of the Swedish five-party system or the success of small parties on an increasingly oligopolitic market1990Ingår i: Nordic political science conference in Reykjavik, Iceland 15-19 August 1990 / [ed] Sten Berglund, Ingemar Wörlund, 1990Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 263.
    Bergqvist Livengård,, Anna
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Johansson,, Marcus
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    RÄDSLA SOM POLITISKT INSTRUMENT En kvalitativ studie av dess förekomst i muntlig politisk kommunikation2018Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine the use of fear in oral political communication. For the study, speeches held during the political event Almedalsveckan 2017, by representatives from three Swedish political parties, are analyzed. The authors are using the following questions to carry out the analysis;

    ¤ Are elements of fear expressed in the speeches and to which extent?

    ¤ In which ways are fear used in the speeches?

    ¤ Are there any political questions for which all party representatives express fear?

    Former studies have suggested that politicians in some ways are driven by fear and that fear is a fertile ground for building politics upon.

    The method used for the analysis is an ideal analysis which includes the use of abstract and concrete dimensions of fear as the analytical instrument. Results of the study shows that the speeches do include expressions of both concrete and abstract fear, to a varying extent. Vio-lence, threats, extremism and social disruption are elements of fear which are expressed by all representatives.

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  • 264.
    Bergsten, Philip Bersten
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Smedberg, Erik
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    ÅLDERSSTRUKTURENS INVERKAN PÅ BROTTSLIGHETEN I SVERIGE2020Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    An aging population is a hot topic in these times, other studies have shown that this will have some negative consequences for our society. For an example less people will have to provide for a larger part of the population, like people in retirement age. And this change in the workforce will be a difficult task to manage. However this paper is studying a possible positive side effect of the ageing population. This paper will set out to try and examine the relation between the age structure and crime, our hypothesis is that a 70-year-old is less likely to commit a crime than a 20-year-old. If this hypothesis is true, a change in a country’s age structure should show a decrease in crime rates. To study this, this paper gathered statistics from Swedish authorities for both crime rates and its population over the time period from 1975-2018 in order to see what impact the aging population have had over crime rate. The conclusion of this paper is that we can observe a pattern of decrease in crime and an increase in the age structure, more specifically the percentage of people above the age of 65 and thus confirming our hypothesis. After we examined how much of this change the age structure can explain over the crime rates, we confirmed that it does indeed have a significant part of explaining the difference between this time period.

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  • 265.
    Bergström, Erik
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Musse, Sara
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Integrationens dimensioner: En kvalitativ policyanalys om introduktionens förändring efter etableringsreformen2017Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Integration is a much discussed topic, especially in today's society. This study is focused at integration in relations to the introductional activities in Sweden. These activities has undergone one change after another and this essay will be aiming to study what the main focus is in the new establishment plan from the year 2010 that was worked out for the newly arrived, as well as what kind of impact that establishment plan has on the integrations policy in Sweden. The study is based on a qualitative policy analysis and will be analyzing the Swedish government's proposal for the establishment reform in 2009 together with the employment services report for the establishment mission in order to identify any change in focus. The analysis will be based upon Diaz integration model that has four primary dimensions and this study will be analysing these dimensions and which of them that are in focus after the establishment reform in Swedish integration policy and also whether Swedish integration policy has been influenced by this establishment plan regarding the introduction  of immigrants. The conclusion in this study is that Swedish integration policy regarding the introduction has changed due to the establishment reform and that it has shifted from a caring perspective to a perspective of responsibility and that there is a main focus aimed at one dimension which is the economic dimension and that is in fact the prominent one in relations to this specific study.

  • 266.
    Bergström, Martina
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    KVALITETSARBETE: En förvaltning i förändring2014Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 267.
    Bergström-Eklöf, Erik
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Engdahl, Oskar
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    EUROPEISKA REGIONALA UTVECKLINGSFONDEN I SVERIGEOCH FINLAND -En jämförande studie om beslutsprocesser2018Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This study is about the decision-making processes in Sweden and Finland related to European Regional Development Fund (ERDF), which is a part of the European Union cohesion policy. We have studied how two variants of decision-making processes differ in terms of efficiency and outcome. The two variants of decision-making we have analyzed is the swedish process with politicians as decision makers, and the finnish process with public officials as decision makers. In our study we have used three indicators set by the European Commission to measure how well Sweden and Finland meet their target for the operating program of 2006-2013. The indicators used are as follows: new jobs, numbers of start-ups supported and number of research and technological development". To measure these indicators we have used data from the European Commission. Our main conclusion is that there is a difference in outcome and efficiency depending on the decision-making process. In this project, where Sweden and Finland was compared to each other, Sweden with the more democratic legitimized process showed better outcome compared to Finland with the technocratic process.

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  • 268.
    Bernhardtz, Fredrik
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Att vara medlem: Om medlemskap i folkrörelsepartier2013Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
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    Att vara medlem
  • 269.
    Bicknese, Darja Kristine
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Filip, Gustafsson
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    “Jag är uppvuxen på det sättet”: En intervjustudie om hemlandets påverkan på valdeltagandet hos invandrare från icke-demokratiska länder.2023Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden has accepted about 2 million immigrants during the 20-21th century so far. This has created a situation where their presence plays a large role in Swedish elections, while their own voices play a lesser role. Foreign-born people vote less in Swedish elections than their numbers would suggest they could. Many immigrants who have acquired the right to vote often prefer to stay quiet, which challenges their integration into society. Those who avoid voting tend to have non-democratic backgrounds. This study aims to identify the obstacles that lead to low turnout in that group. The authors theorise that this may be caused by barriers related to integration as well as political habits brought along from the countries of origin. The research uses semi-structured interview questions in combination with methodical qualitative content analysis. The interview questions used components from the Civic Voluntarism Model (CVM) related to integration. Responses were transcribed, clarified, and coded, using categories derived from the CVM. The most common observed obstacle to turnout was a lack of political expertise followed by insufficient language skills, and not enough time. Regarding the obstacles that resulted from home-country experiences, the most common impediments were related to no interest or confidence in democracy, or in politics in general. To be able to generalise, this study would need to survey a representative sample of respondents, using survey questions using the CVM-derived questions with a preset set of answer options.

  • 270.
    Bjarnefors, Malin
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Steen Hoyles, Stina
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    FRIVILLIGHET ELLER TVÅNG?: En framinganalys av hur riksdag och regering skildrar prostitution under mandatperioden 2010–20142021Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    In 1999 Sweden became the first country in the world to legalise the selling of sex by individuals, whilst making its purchase illegal. This is an approach that has been both highly praised and criticized. Using the qualitative text analysis method of framing, this study examines the debate surrounding Sweden’s prostitution policy. It focuses on the tension between the government’s use of goals and means in relation to its prostitution policy and the wider societal debate with its dichotomy of freedom of choice versus coercion. To do this, parliamentary and governmental bills and governmental communication during the 2010–2014 governmental term in office have been examined. Robert Nozick’s and Serena Olsaretti’s philosophical views on voluntariness, liberal and radical feminist theory, the normalization approach and the abolitionist perspective are all referenced. The main conclusion drawn is that Swedish governmental policy work largely disregards the freedom of choice/coercion debate in favour of developing current policy.

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  • 271.
    Bjurström, Anna
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Humanistiska institutionen.
    Olsson, Jan
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Kommunernas IT-politik: en del av den lokala demokratipolitiken?2003Ingår i: Kommunala bredbandsbyggen: lokal politik för IT-samhället / [ed] Wihlborg, Elin, Linköping: Linköpings universitet, Tema Teknik och social förändring , 2003, 1, s. 129-145Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 272.
    Björklund, Ida
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Malm, Emilia
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    AUTONOMIREFORMEN I PRAKTIKEN: En detaljerad fallstudie av Örebro universitet2023Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study is to gain further knowledge on the practical use of the Swedish autonomy reform concerning internal management at Swedish universities. Furthermore the study contains a detailed case study at Örebro university. The chosen case in question has proven, in previous research, to obtain a high amount of collegial values between the years of 2010 and 2020 concerning comprehensive decision-making. At the same time Örebro university has developed a new management striving more towards top-down steering. Typically, according to recent research, these management styles does not go hand in hand. What incentives drove the university to change and how can collegial values still be prominent after the change in management? The result of the study indicates the reasons of the change in organization to be many. The most prominent motives seemed to be the growth of the university and another to be a relay in the position of the vice chancellor. A raised discussion was the fact that collegial values seems to differ in attitudes. This study contains attitudes naming collegial values as positive at Örebro university but difficult at some older universities. The conclusion of the study shows that the autonomy reform enabled the decision of the change in management rather than being a prominent cause in this case.

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    AUTONOMIREFORMEN I PRAKTIKEN: En detaljerad fallstudie av Örebro universitet
  • 273.
    Björkstrand Järn, Diana
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Olowsson, Anna
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    POPULISTISK RETORIKOCH SVENSKA PARTILEDARE2020Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years, populism has spread around the world like wildfire. In some places, populist parties are growing in strength and several countries currently have populist leaders. In this essay, we use a qualitative content analysis to investigate whether populist rhetoric has seeped into state power in Sweden through examination of the speeches presented by Swedish party leaders during party leader debates in the Swedish Parliament in 2019 and 2020. The analyses of the party leader debates showed that several components of populist rhetoric could be found in speeches made in the Swedish parliament in 2019 and 2020, especially when it comes to anti-elitist rhetoric. However, the use of populist rhetoric is not widespread, but is mainly used by one of the eight Swedish party leaders, with some tendencies to a spillover-effect.

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  • 274.
    Björngard, Jesper
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Utmaning eller möjlighet?: -Flyktingmottagande som en lösning på landsbygdens utmaningar2016Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
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  • 275.
    Björnram, Zandra
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Gullstrand, Siri
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    ATT BYGGA EN BÅT PÅ ÖPPET HAV: En empirisk studie av utvärderinganvändning i grundskolan2015Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
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  • 276. Blake, Vic
    et al.
    Hearn, Jeff
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Jackson, David
    Barber, Randy
    Johnson, Richard
    Luczynski, Zbyszek
    Collective memory work with older men: Ageing, gender politics and masculinities2021Ingår i: Reader Collective Memory-Work / [ed] R. Hamm, Sligo: Beltra Books , 2021, 1, s. 327-353Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Over a thirteen-year period, between 2002 and 2015, we were part of what we now call the Older Men’s Memory Work Group (hereafter the group). During our final three years together, we also collaboratively produced and edited a collective book, Men’s Stories for a Change: Ageing Men Remember (Barber et al., 2016; also Blake et al., 2016, 2018) – though it should be said, at the outset, that this was not at all part of our agenda until late in the initial process.Memory work is work on memories, usually though not necessarily collective, and usually also focused on and about some agreed issue(s) of concern. In our case, these memories were about the making and unmaking of older men and masculinities through age, ageing, gender, gendering, and other intersections. Indeed, from the very beginning the group was part of a personal-political project of changing older men and masculinities against patriarchal and sexist ways and relations, and towards feminist and profeminist ways and relations. Here, in this contribution, we first describe the practicalities and the process of our memory work before placing the method itself in its broader framework, and considering its potential for working with older people, and specifically with older men, and with certain implications for practice.

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  • 277.
    Blom, Agneta
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Att hålla högerextremismen i schack: lärdomar från Sverige och Nederländerna2011Ingår i: Perspektiv på offentlig verksamhet i utveckling: tolv kapitel om demokrati, styrning och effektivitet / [ed] Ann-Sofie Hellberg, Martin Karlsson, Hannu Larsson, Erik Lundberg och Monika Persson, Örebro: Örebro universitet , 2011, s. 101-110Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Undersökningar kring valet 2010 visar att det politiska förtroendet ökar i Sverige[1]. Trots det ökade förtroendet gör Sverigedemokraterna entré i Riksdagen, sannolikt framröstade av väljare som hyser missnöje mot de sedan tidigare etablerade partierna. Trots det ökade förtroendet etablerar sig radikala och extrema partier runt om i landet. Till vänster finns t.ex. Rättvisepartiet Socialisterna i fullmäktige i Haninge och Luleå, en utbrytargrupp ur partiet finns i fullmäktige i Umeå. På högerkanten finner vi Nationaldemokraterna i fullmäktige i Nykvarn och Södertälje och Svenskarnas parti i Grästorp. Utöver detta kommer och går problem med radikal politisk brottslighet på olika håll i landet. Det handlar då framför allt om vitmaktgrupper eller autonoma grupper i olika skepnader[2]. Politisk våldsbejakande extremism lockar framförallt till sig unga människor. Även om en stor majoritet av Sveriges unga tydligt tar avstånd från politiskt motiverad brottslighet, visar studier att den politiska extremismen har ett stabilt fäste i landet och är något vi måste ta på allvar. I detta kapitel redovisas vad som hänt på två orter som fått omfattande problem med våldsam politisk extremism på högerkanten. Utifrån resultaten diskuteras vad som lockar unga människor till extrema rörelser, hur de kan komma att engagera sig och vad som kan motivera dem att lämna dessa rörelser igen. Avslutningsvis förs en diskussion om hur vi kan arbeta för att skapa och förstärka tilltron till demokrati i samhället – ett uppdrag som måste tas på allvar varje dag.

    [1]  Sveriges Televisions valundersökning 2010,

    http://svt.se/content/1/c8/02/15/63/14/ValuResultat2010_100921.pdf (2010-11-01)

    [2] Exempel på vitmaktgrupper är Fria nationalister och Svenska motståndsrörelsen (SMR). Exempel på autonoma grupper är Antifascistisk auktion (AFA) och Revolutionära fronten (RF).

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  • 278.
    Blom, Agneta
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Att vara demokrat i praktiken2008Ingår i: Demokrati och makt: vänbok till Lennart Lundquist / [ed] Ylva Stubbergaard, Patrik Hall, Lund: Statsvetenskaplig tidskrift , 2008, s. 145-162Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 279.
    Blom, Agneta
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Chefsliv: landstingschefer ur ett genusperspektiv1998 (uppl. 1)Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna bok behandlar chefskapet i landstingen ur ett genusperspektiv. Några resultat som framkommit visar, att de största skillnaderna mellan de kvinnliga och de manliga chefernas situation står att finna i hemmasfären. De kvinnliga cheferna förefaller leva ett mer jämställt liv med sina makar än manliga chefer gör. Vidare framträder tecken på att kvinnliga och manliga chefer har tillgång till och bygger olika typer av kontaktnätverk, vilket i sin tur kan påverka deras förutsättningar att bli framgångsrika i sitt jobb. Bland andra intressanta resultat från studien kan nämnas att kvinnliga och manliga chefers villkor och arbetsförutsättningar är olika så att de på grund av sitt kön ställs inför olika krav och förväntningar om hur de ska uppträda i sin chefsroll.

  • 280.
    Blom, Agneta
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    IDAS: a program to increase the number of women leaders in Swedish higher education2010Ingår i: Leadership through the gender lens: women and men in organisations / [ed] Liisa Husu, Jeff Hearn, Anna-Maija Lämsä, Sinikka Vanhala, Helsinki: Hanken School of Economics , 2010, s. 305-312Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper contains a practical case description of a program for women with ambitions to advance in leading positions in the Swedish higher education system. The program, called IDAS, was based on a national network including approximately sixty women with interest in academic leadership and occupying leading positions on different levels in the Swedish Academia. The network is hosted by The Association of Swedish Higher Education and gathers in two day seminars twice a year since the year 2000. For four years, 2003-2007, the IDAS-program was carried out based on grants from The Council for development of government workplaces in Sweden. The project included different kind of activities to Identify women candidates, Develop their skills, make it easier for women to Advance and to Support them in academic leadership. The idea of IDAS came from the United States but was transformed and implemented in a way adjusted to fit Swedish conditions.

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  • 281.
    Blom, Agneta
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Kvinnligt, manligt, cheflikt1998Ingår i: Kommunal ekonomi och politik, ISSN 1402-8700, Vol. 2, nr 3, s. 7-25Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the article is to discuss in what way stereotype notions of leadership and male and female leaders mig affect executive´s conditions and changes of working on equal terms, irrespective of what sex they are. By means of a study of Swedish county council administration managers, which was carried out using three different methods, the author has found that male and female administration managers look at their executive work in a similar way, but still seem to accomplish their tasks differently. Also, women are generally seen as being of less authority than men. The author holds, however, that this may be an effect of people´s forming an opinion of male and female leaders respectively on the basis of their own expectations.

  • 282.
    Blom, Agneta
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Ledarskap i mötet mellan politik och förvaltning2019Ingår i: Ett annorlunda ledarskap: Chef i politiskt styrd verksamhet / [ed] Tomas Bergström & Niklas Eklund, Lund, Sweden: Studentlitteratur AB, 2019, 1, s. 31-54Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 283.
    Blom, Agneta
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för humaniora, utbildning och samhällsvetenskap.
    Ledningsstrategier för aktiv forskning och ökad jämställdhet i akademin [Academic leadership for active research and greater equality]: akademinAcademic Leadership for Active Research and Greater Equality2011Konferensbidrag (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Utbildningsvetenskapliga fakulteten vid Göteborgs universitet har satsat resurser på utökad forskningstid för docenter och professorer. Syftet har varit att öka kvaliteten i forskningsansökningar, öka forskningspubliceringen samt främja mer jämställda förhållanden mellan könen. Här redovisas utvärderingens huvudresultat och relaterat till en diskussion om betydelsen av aktiv och könsmedveten ledning inom akademin.

  • 284.
    Blom, Agneta
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Olsson, JanÖrebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Demokrati i en ny tid: nio uppsatser om ett samhälle i förändring1997Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 285.
    Blom, Agneta
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Olsson, Jan
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Demokrati i förändring: en introduktion1997Ingår i: Demokrati i en ny tid: nio uppsatser om ett samhälle i förändring / [ed] Blom, Agneta P. och Olsson, Jan, Stockholm: Fritzes, 1997, 1, s. 7-14Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 286. Blomberg, Eva
    et al.
    Hedlund, Gun
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för humaniora, utbildning och samhällsvetenskap.
    Wottle, Martin
    Inledning: stat marknad, familj och individ2011Ingår i: Kvinnors företagande - mål eller medel? / [ed] Eva Blomberg, Gun Hedlund, Martin Wottle, Stockholm: SNS förlag, 2011, 1, s. 9-35Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 287. Blomberg, Eva
    et al.
    Hedlund, GunÖrebro universitet, Akademin för humaniora, utbildning och samhällsvetenskap.Wottle, Martin
    Kvinnors företagande - mål eller medel?2011Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 288.
    Blomquist, Sanna
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    LEDARSKAPSTEORIER I PRAKTIKEN? -En enkätstudie om den auktoritära-, deltagande- och delegerande ledarskapsteorin2020Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 289.
    Blomqvist, Alexander
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Krantz, Petter
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Björkbacka, Hannes
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Att fånga en föränderlig värld: En utredning av omvärldsanalysens nuläge och utvecklingspotential inom Regionförbundet Örebro2012Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The first aim of this thesis is to descriptively identify and chart the activities of the strategic intelligence and environmental scanning that take place at the regional collaboration network Regionförbundet Örebro. This identification is essential in reaching the comprehensive and primary aim of the thesis: to discuss, through normative discourse, what the options of improvement are and in which ways systematic operations can be integrating parts in the organization. In order to offer guidance of development from the perspectives of environmental scanning, the question at issue has emanated from activities concerning the present methods of working at Regionförbundet Örebro.During the creation of this thesis, several interviews have been made with people who are regarded to be key roles within the regional collaboration network. An analysis has been made, based on governing documents and answers from the interviews, where possible improvements of the business have been identified. The inferences become parts of a greater potential of amelioration since they are presented as active solutions and proposals that can be directly adaptable to the organization.Our proposals of improvements/ameliorations are constituted by a number of concrete/explicit points such as: a wider public information supply and an introduction of several annual routines and methods.

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    fulltext
  • 290.
    Bomström, Martin
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    SOCIALDEMOKRATERNA, SÄKERHET OCH SAMARBETE -En idéanalys av det Socialdemokratiska Arbetarepartiets syn på samarbete inom den internationella säkerhetspolitiken2020Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 291.
    Bonander, Fredrik
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för humaniora, utbildning och samhällsvetenskap.
    Party membership and state subsidies: a comparative study2009Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis tests the hypothesis that increasing state subsidies to political parties cause a declined party membership. The theory that predicted this development was constructed by Epstein in 1967 and presented in his book Political Parties in Western Democracies. The theoretical propositions have been debated by political scientists since then, but no thorough test has been conducted.  In order to test the hypothesis state subsidies data and party membership data was collected for the national parties from eight states. The data was then analysed by use of the panel data models. Panel data models make use of the regression analysis technique. Examples of specialized such models are analysis through the fundamental parameter of change, first differencing and pooled analysis. The results provided by the models proved to not give a straight answer. Instead, the results pointed in different directions.  The most likely interpretation of the results is that increasing state subsidies to political parties does not cause a decline in party membership. To validate such a result would require that most of the results pointed in the same direction. Thus, the hypothesis of the investigation should be considered falsified. Instead the focus of future studies should probably be directed at the supply side of party membership. When party membership decline is explained by the supply side this means that the decline is explained by people stop having motive to become party members. However, it is important to remember that other interpretations of the results are possible as well.

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  • 292.
    Borumand, Maryam
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Edvardsson, Bo
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Socialtjänstens maktutövning1995Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet är att grundat på litteratur undersöka hur socialtjänsten kontrollerar medborgare. Fyra fall visas. Värderingar och intressen hos makthavare dominerar socialtjänsten, forskning och användning av kunskap. Makthavare kontrollerar forskningsresurser och skapar kunskap till egna intressen.  

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    fulltext
  • 293.
    Boström, Magnus
    et al.
    School of Life Sciences, Södertörn University, Huddinge, Sweden.
    Tamm Hallström, Kristina
    Stockholm Centre for Organizational Research (Score), Stockholm School of Economics, Stockholm, Sweden.
    NGO power in global social and environmental standard-setting2010Ingår i: Global Environmental Politics, ISSN 1526-3800, E-ISSN 1536-0091, Vol. 10, nr 4, s. 36-59Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We have seen a worldwide increase in new nonstate, multi-stakeholder organizations setting standards for socially and environmentally responsible behavior. These standard-setting arenas offer new channels for political participation for NGOs. Scholars have drawn attention to the rise and the role of NGOs in global politics, but there is less research on the power and long-term implications of NGO participation in transnational multi-stakeholder standard-setting. This article analyzes NGOs within three such global organizations: the Forest Stewardship Council, the Marine Stewardship Council, and the International Organization for Standardization on Social Responsibility. Using a power-based perspective, we demonstrate the impact that NGOs can have on multi-stakeholder work. In doing so, we analyze four types of NGO power: symbolic, cognitive, social, and monitoring power. The article further emphasizes institutional, structural, and discursive factors within multi-stakeholder organizations that create certain challenges to NGO power and participation in the longer term.

  • 294.
    Botan, Said
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för humaniora, utbildning och samhällsvetenskap.
    Somaliland i fokus: En ideologisk granskning av landets partier2010Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 295.
    Boudin, Joel
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Actions speak louder than words?A longitudinal case study of the Ethics council of the Swedish AP-funds2020Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 296.
    Boudin, Joel
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    The Art of Personalization -An explorative study of Swedish party leaders and their strategical communication2019Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores the phenomenon of personalization within the political sphere. More specifically, it aims at exploring the strategical personalization of Swedish party leaders during the national election campaign of 2018. A further aim is to generate theoretical contributions to the area of personalization. As empirical material, the social media updates of three party leaders are analyzed under the period of 13 weeks before the election day, using a mixed methodological approach for an in-depth qualitative study. Regarding methodologies, grounded theory and coding is employed along with a rhetorical analysis that enable a systematic analysis of visual messages. The result indicates that the studied party leaders portrayed themselves as an integrated part of society, mediating a sense of presence and acknowledgement of the voters. In addition to this, the party leaders presented themselves as ordinary people and unified with the voters. The result also points to the practice of mediating a sense of social and cultural status, involving influencers in the communication and stepping into roles outside of the explicitly political arena. In terms of theoretical contributions, the generated theory contributes in the sense that it offers additional dimensions to the notion of "self-presentation", which is recognized as a common theme among prior theories. According to prior theories, individual politicians presents themselves as professional politicians and ordinary human beings. While the generated theory supports this perspective, it also highlights the aspect of intentionally integrating the voters into the self-presentations of individual politicians. Moreover, the generated theory emphasizes the perspective of social and cultural significance when regarding self-presentations of representatives.

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  • 297.
    Boudin, Joel
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Mattsson, Jesper
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    PROPAGANDA I SVENSK POLITIK En deskriptiv studie av svenska partiers retorik2018Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Freedom of expression can be viewed as the very heart of democracy, without it the democratic system falls apart. Political communication is a form of expression and perhaps the most important form as well. The intentions and methods of political communication are not always honest and nuanced though, which may jeopardize the legitimacy of the democratic system. This is because of the demos, the voters and citizens, who represent the core of democracy as a system. The demos often act as receivers of political messages, and very rarely as senders. Consequently, the demos are vulnerable in this aspect. On the other hand, the politicians do have the possibly to angle and manipulate information in order to favour their own intentions. Political propaganda is one kind of political communication that has been present during a long period of time in basically every corner of the world. According to various scientists, political parties often use propaganda in election campaigns to maximise votes. Further on, propaganda can be described as deceitful and manipulative, which are features that do not correspond well with democracy and its ideals. Does that mean that the voters are completely helpless in relation to the political propaganda?

    With the focus and aim of this study, which is to illuminate the various features and techniques of propaganda, we hope to give the voters further knowledge and understanding about the rhetoric strategies within political manifestos. Because if the voters are not aware of the issue, and does not have the tools to see past the propaganda, how are they supposed to form a well-founded perception and make a choice that they are fully comfortable with? With a certain analytical instrument that contains four dimensions of propaganda, some of the political manifestos that were presented during the election campaign in Sweden 2014 have been examined closely. Further on, regarding the results and conclusions of the study, it supports the assumption that propaganda exists in different ways within the chosen manifestos. All of the dimensions that exist within the analytical instrument can be perceived as found in the material. These dimensions/techniques are simplification, exaggeration, packaging the message and disguise.

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  • 298.
    Boudin, Joel
    et al.
    Kumla Kommun/Stadshus, Kumla, Sweden.
    Olsson, Jan
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Sustainability in Public Pension Funds? A Longitudinal Study of the Council on Ethics of the Swedish AP Funds2021Ingår i: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 13, nr 1, artikel-id 429Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Are public pension funds taking sustainability values into serious consideration? This question is addressed by analyzing annual reports of The Council on Ethics in the Swedish public pension system, which has a clear mission from The Swedish Government to consider sustainability values. The council was established in 2007 and supports four funds with advice. This article studies empirically how the council’s expression of words connected to different values has changed over time as well as how it practically reasons in situations of value conflicts. The quantitative data shows that words indicative of “sustainability values” have considerably increased. As a contrast, the critical discourse analysis shows that the council often reasons in a general, loose way about preferable solutions, while more practical claims for action are largely lacking or are vague in relation to sustainable development. The underlying rationale is very much in line with the discourse of economic rationalism. Thus, the quantitative findings suggest an emerging sustainability discourse, while the qualitative analysis clearly indicates that an economic rationale continues to underpin the council’s practical reasoning. However, it is concluded that this is not a simple case of green washing documents but rather a slow train moving towards green institutional change.

  • 299. Boyer, Kurtis
    et al.
    Scotton, Guy
    Svärd, Per-Anders
    Wayne, Katherine
    Politics and Animals: Editors' Introduction2015Ingår i: Politics and Animals, ISSN 2002-0295, Vol. 1, s. 1-5Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
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    Politics and Animals - Editors Introduction
  • 300.
    Brant, Emma
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Constructing Success -Exploring the role of theoretical lens selection inregional environmental regime analysis2019Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
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