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  • 301.
    Borumand, Maryam
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Edvardsson, Bo
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Socialtjänstens maktutövning1995Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose is to based on literature investigate how the social services control citizens. Four case examples are used. The values and interests of those in power dominate the social services, research and use of knowledge. Those in power control research resources and produce knowledge for own interests and purposes. 

  • 302.
    Boström, Katrin
    Örebro University, Department of Nursing and Caring Sciences.
    Living with deteriorating and hereditary disease: experiences over ten years of persons with muscular dystrophy and their next of kin2005Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The overall aim of this thesis was to elucidate haw persona with muscular dystrophy (MD) and their next of kin experience and describe their daily lives over the last ten years. MD is a group of inherited disorders characterised by muscular weakness caused by muscle wasting. Both qualitative and quantitative methods were used. Forty-isx individuals with MD and 36 next of kin were interviewed (Studies I, III, IV). Both groups completed the questionnaire Subjective Quality of Life (SQoL), (Study V). Persons with MD also completed the questionnaires Sickness Impact Profile and Self-report ADL (Study II). The interviews were subjected to qualitative content analysis. The persons with MD described the change from being independent to being an individual in need of assistive devices and/or personal support to manage activities of every day life (StudyI). Besides muscular weakness persons with MD have hte strain it means to have a hereditary disease, which also affects the family (Study III). The deterioration during a decennium was primarily with regard to ambulation. The number of persons walking without assistive devices has decreased from 40 to 23 and that of those working has almost been halved, from 21 to 11 (Study II). Next of kin have a special vulnerability in form of an emotional and practical lonliness in addition to actual and anticipatory losses. The relationship was described as related to obligation and/or love. To have an orientation towards tasks (obligation) was linked to a feeling of being weighed down by demands, while having an orientation towards relationship (love) was linked to a feeling of quality in life (Study IV). The persons with MD scored lower on most items in the SQoL than the next of kin (Study V). Patients without a partner scored lower on QoL as a whole than those with a partner. Those with an early onset of disease scored lower on personal economy. Next of kin who gave daily help assessed their relationships to friends lower than those who gave weekly help (Study V). This thesis provides knowledge of the trajectory with MD over time on the basis of a ten-year follow up. It also broadens the knowledge of how the hereditary aspect is experienced both by those with MD and their next of kin. How the next of kin of adult persons with MD experience their situation is an issue that has been overlooked in previous research.

    List of papers
    1. Living with a chronic deteriorating disease: the trajectory with muscular dystrophy over ten years
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Living with a chronic deteriorating disease: the trajectory with muscular dystrophy over ten years
    2004 (English)In: Disability and Rehabilitation, ISSN 0963-8288, E-ISSN 1464-5165, Vol. 26, no 23, p. 1388-1398Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The aim of the study was to elucidate experiences of living with muscular dystrophy in terms of consequences for activity over 10 years. Methods: The study population was identified in a prevalence study in a county of Sweden. Forty-six persons of this cohort with MD were interviewed. A qualitative research approach was chosen. The World Health Organization's International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) was used for categorization. Results: Nearly all the subjects experienced a deterioration of physical capacity. Most obvious were the restrictions on mobility and increased fatigue and feebleness. The persons described psychosocial consequences of the muscular dystrophy as well as stigma when the disability had become more obvious. In spite of reported distress several persons experienced better psychological adaptation over time. The image of the future was often dark but several focus on today and avoid thoughts about the future. ICF showed some limitation with regard to temporal aspects, emotions and the subjective perspective. Conclusions: The knowledge of the trajectory with MD is important in order to offer the best possible treatment and support. Repeated assessment by ICF can serve as a valuable source of such knowledge, and a development of the classification would increase its usefulness in future analysis of functioning and disability.

    National Category
    Nursing Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
    Research subject
    Nursing Science
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-2818 (URN)10.1080/0963-8280400000898 (DOI)
    Available from: 2005-05-04 Created: 2005-05-04 Last updated: 2018-01-13Bibliographically approved
    2. Sickness impact in people with muscular dystrophy: a longitudinal study over 10 years
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sickness impact in people with muscular dystrophy: a longitudinal study over 10 years
    2005 (English)In: Clinical Rehabilitation, ISSN 0269-2155, E-ISSN 1477-0873, Vol. 19, no 6, p. 686-694Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE: To describe changes of function in terms of sickness impact over 10 years in adult patients with different types of muscular dystrophy. DESIGN: Patients with muscular dystrophy answered the Sickness Impact Profile and Self-report ADL questionnaires in 1991 and 2001. SETTING: The study population was identified in a comprehensive prevalence study in the county of Orebro, Sweden. SUBJECTS: The study group comprised 44 people grouped according to whether they had myotonic dystrophy or muscular dystrophy with proximal or distal muscles affected. MAIN MEASURES: Comparison was made between assessments of sickness impact in terms of function at the two time points. RESULTS: Most obvious deterioration over time was in activities of daily living that require finger and arm strength. Ambulation was significantly decreased in myotonic dystrophy and proximal muscular dystrophy. Those walking without assistive devices decreased from 91% to 52%, and the number with a disability pension increased from 36 to 55%. There was a relatively small influence with regard to psychosocial dysfunction assessed by the Sickness Impact Profile. CONCLUSIONS: This longitudinal study shows the deteriorating functions reported by patients with muscular dystrophy. This knowledge could be used to formulate new interventions in order to offer appropriate support and treatment to this patient group.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    London: Edward Arnold, 2005
    National Category
    Social Sciences Interdisciplinary Nursing
    Research subject
    Nursing Science
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-2819 (URN)10.1191/0269215505cr866oa (DOI)16180606 (PubMedID)
    Note
    Artikelns titel i avhandlingen: Sickness impact among persons with muscular dystrophy: a longitudinal study over ten yearsAvailable from: 2005-05-04 Created: 2005-05-04 Last updated: 2018-01-13Bibliographically approved
    3. Living with a hereditary disease: persons with muscular dystrophy and their next of kin
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Living with a hereditary disease: persons with muscular dystrophy and their next of kin
    2005 (English)In: American Journal of Medical Genetics, ISSN 0148-7299, E-ISSN 1096-8628, Vol. 136A, no 1, p. 17-24Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    This qualitative study describes conceptions and experiences of the hereditary aspect of muscular dystrophy (MD) from both the patients' and the next of kin's perspective. Different diagnoses of MD are included: dystrophia myotonica, myopathia distalis tarda hereditaria, Becker MD, facioscapulohumeral MD, limb-girdle MD, Emery-Dreifuss and undetermined proximal MD (Duchenne MD is not included). Interviews were conducted with 46 persons with MD and 36 next of kin. The interviews were subjected to inductive content analysis. Only two in each group did not spontaneously mention anything related to the fact that MD is disease with dominant or recessive inheritance. It was found that heredity has a prominent place in the thoughts and feelings of the family. These thoughts were classified as Becoming aware of MD and its hereditary nature, looking into the pedigree, acquiring an understanding of MD, thoughts about genetic testing, interpreting the risk, whether to have children or not, feelings related to the future, and feelings of responsibility and guilt. Families with MD need medical information and the opportunity for genetic testing as well as support and counseling in coming to terms with living with a hereditary disease, whether or not that includes a decision to take a test.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Hoboken, N.J.: Wiley-Liss, 2005
    National Category
    Social Sciences Interdisciplinary Nursing
    Research subject
    Nursing Science
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-2820 (URN)10.1002/ajmg.a.30762 (DOI)15889411 (PubMedID)
    Available from: 2005-05-04 Created: 2005-05-04 Last updated: 2018-01-13Bibliographically approved
    4. Being kin of an adult person with muscular dystrophy
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Being kin of an adult person with muscular dystrophy
    (English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    National Category
    Social Sciences Interdisciplinary Nursing
    Research subject
    Nursing Science
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-2821 (URN)
    Available from: 2005-05-04 Created: 2005-05-04 Last updated: 2018-01-13Bibliographically approved
    5. Quality of life in patients with muscular dystrophy and their next of kin
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Quality of life in patients with muscular dystrophy and their next of kin
    2005 (English)In: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research, ISSN 0342-5282, E-ISSN 1473-5660, Vol. 28, no 2, p. 103-109Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    The aims of this study were to investigate quality of life (QoL) among adult patients with muscular dystrophy (n=46) and their next of kin (n=36) and to investigate the influence of disease-related and demographic factors on QoL. The questionnaire 'Subjective estimation of quality of life' was used. The results show that patients had lower QoL than their next of kin regarding having no work or meaningful occupation, energy, self-assuredness, self-acceptance and emotional experiences. Age of onset of disease had an impact on QoL. The need for a ventilator had an influence only on assessment of energy. Patients without a partner assessed lower than those who had a partner. In the case of a person who is young and single the onset of muscular dystrophy reduces the likelihood of having a partner or children and affects personal economy negatively. Assessment of relationship to friends was lower among next of kin who provided daily help than among those who provided help once a week. There is a need for recurrent rehabilitation during life-long disabilities and a need to give particular support to those with early onset of disease, those who are single and those who are childless. It is also important to include the patient's close relations when giving rehabilitation.

    National Category
    Social Sciences Interdisciplinary Nursing
    Research subject
    Nursing Science
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-2822 (URN)15900179 (PubMedID)
    Available from: 2005-05-04 Created: 2005-05-04 Last updated: 2018-01-13Bibliographically approved
  • 303. Botonić, Emina
    et al.
    Ylikorpi, Katri
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    MAKTASPEKTEN I MÖTET MELLAN KLIENT OCH SOCIALSEKRETERARE – en forskningsöversikt, utifrån maktens fyra ansikten2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this research review is to examine how power and power relations are

    described and theorized in research between social worker and client, focusing on the client's

    descriptions. This study is an integrative and qualitative research review with an abductive

    approach where 29 previous studies have been thematized and analyzed by means of the four

    dimensions of power. This study demonstrates that the concept of power is a complex and

    difficult concept to define. The study shows how power in social work can be viewed with the

    perspective from the four dimensions of power in the interaction between the client and the

    social service worker. Furthermore the study discusses different recommendations regarding

    the power dimensions in social work based on various studies and recommendations for

    further research. It is important that the clients' perspective, such as the experience of power

    and control, is noticed regarding their encounters with the professionals. Since the encounter

    and the relationship between the social service worker and the client are one of the main

    factors for a good collaboration studies like these are important to conduct. The study also

    shows the importance of bringing awareness to the imbalance of power, to thenceforth bring

    awareness to the professionals of social work about the impact and experience which clients

    experience in unequal power relations.

  • 304.
    Brajim, Heva
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    På väg mot förändring: En studie om bemötandet av flickor som lever under hedersrelaterat förtryck2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 305.
    Brandström, Josefine
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Funke, Caroline
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Konstruktionen av mödrar och fäder i familjerättens yttranden i vårdnadstvister2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 306.
    Brandt, John
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Viktorsson, Rebecca
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Att förebygga mobbning En studie om hur Norrskolan använder Friendsprogrammet i sitt anti-mobbningsarbete John2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    SAMMANFATTNING

    Syftet med föreliggande studie var att undersöka hur en skola i norra Sverige (årskurs 4-9) använder Friendsprogrammet i sitt anti-mobbningsarbete, med fokus på nätmobbning. Semi-strukturerade telefonintervjuer med en kvalitativ ansats har använts vid inhämtning av empiri. Skolans plan mot diskriminering och kränkande behandling har även använts för att analysera skolans anti-mobbningsarbete. Resultatet visar att den deltagande skolan tillämpar Friendsprogrammet i kombination med tidigare arbetssätt i skolans anti-mobbningsarbete och att skolan har goda förutsättningar, utifrån dess kontextuella villkor, för ett effektivt anti-mobbningsarbete. Studien visar även att Friendsprogrammet kan bidra till struktur i anti-mobbningsarbetet vilket skapar förutsättningar för en hela-skolan-ansats. Studiens resultat påvisar också att skolan inte tillämpar särskilda strategier för att hantera mobbningen som sker på nätet. Slutligen anses det att fler studier behövs för att komplettera resultatet från föreliggande examensarbete, detta för att bidra med kunskap gällande hur olika skolors kontextuella förutsättningar sätter upp ramar för Friendsprogrammets effektivitet. Sådana studier kan bidra med information om vad i Friendsprogrammet som fungerar, för vem och under vilka villkor.

  • 307.
    Brandt, Susanne
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Eriksson, Camilla
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Problembilder hos barn som skär sig2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 308.
    Branhammar, Elin
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Edström, Angelica
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Social Work with Street Children in Iringa, Tanzania: Challenges and Possibilities2012Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There is a large number of children living or spending most of their day on the street. The situation for those children is harsh since they for example do not get their basic needs met. Several organizations’ work includes interventions towards street children in their programmes, but the amount still increases every year. The aim with this study is to examine and explore which challenges the OVC-program face when working with street children, and how these challenges are addressed in their daily work. A qualitative approach was chosen where observations and interviews with personnel were conducted at the OVC- program in Iringa, Tanzania. The result shows that it is hard to know if the program’s goal – to reduce the number of street children in Iringa region – is reached as it is newly implemented. However, the program’s evaluation shows a positive trend. Focus in the work to fulfil the goal is primary the personnel’s attitudes towards the children. The result also shows that an empowerment- based approach is used in the daily work. By combining control and participation the possibility to help the street children to achieve autonomy increases. One challenge in the work is that this control limits the freedom on the street that the children desire. Consequently the relation between control and participation is important to create a successful intervention.

  • 309.
    Branhammar, Pierre
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Thunberg, Sara
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Vittnens behov av stöd2012Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate whether witnesses to crimes against a person in Örebro County is in need of support before the trial. To answer the purpose the following questions were used: are witnesses of crimes against persons in Örebro County in need of support? What kind of support do these witnesses want to have? What opportunities and challenges exist for Victim Support (Brottsofferjouren) to come in contact with witnesses who are in need of support? The study used a qualitative approach using individual interviews and focus group-inspired group interviews with witnesses and witness supporters. The results showed that the witnesses are in need of support because in many cases there is a fear of retaliation, and an uncertainty of how the legal process works. The type of assistance required from witnesses is information on where they can get support and what happens in the legal process. The results also showed that Victim Support has difficulties to get in contact with witnesses, mainly because they do not know who the witnesses before trial.

  • 310.
    Brattström, Emma
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Hernebring, Hanna
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Allt vuxna gör påverkar barnen!2009Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 311.
    Brauer, Johan
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Att fostra samhällsmedborgare i en föränderlig värld: perspektiv på moralutveckling i behandling av unga2011Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 312.
    Brauer, John
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Collaboration in unclear policy settings2017Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 313.
    Brauer, John
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Hand i hand eller för egen hand?: En behandlingssociologisk studie av människosyn, praktik och organisationinom kriminalvård2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to understand how assumptions about human nature underlie two psychosocial drug treatment methods and how these assumptions influence professionals working with treatment in two different prison wings. Furthermore the organizational culture on the wings is explored in relation to the different views of human nature. The data consist of instruction manuals describing the treatment programs, and interviews with prison officers and treatment staff. Results show that twelve-step treatment is based on a collectivistic understanding on humans as beings depending on others while the cognitive-behavioral program Dare to choose is based upon assumptions about humans as individuals able to affect their own future. Also, the choice of program could have implications on the view of human nature for professionals and could also affect organizational culture on prison wings. It is suggested that treatment programs ought to be understood as complex and depending upon cultural assumptions about human and society. This has consequences on a common view that treatment ought to be explored exclusively on effects. Rather, researchers could share the view that effect is only one off many other important aspects of psychosocial drug treatment.

  • 314.
    Brinck, Helena
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Vara som andra: Åtta personer med funktionsnedsättningar försöker nå, få och behålla ett arbete med stöd av "supported employment"2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 315.
    Bristow, Kamilla
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Brittiska socialarbetare och cannabis: En studie av hur normaliseringen av cannabisbruk i Storbritannien påverkar brittiska socialarbetare2009Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 316.
    Brkan, Sandra
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Smiljanic, Jenni
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Biståndshandläggning i ett mångkulturellt Sverige En studie om biståndshandläggares upplevelser och erfarenheter av kulturella skillnader och språkbarriärer i handläggningsprocessen2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning

    Sverige har blivit ett alltmer mångkulturellt samhälle där gruppen äldre invandrare blir en allt större målgrupp att ta hänsyn till inom äldreomsorgen. Syftet med föreliggande studie var att genom intervjuer undersöka biståndshandläggares upplevelser om och i sådant fall hur kulturella skillnader och språkbarriärer påverkar handläggningsprocessen. För att uppnå studiens syfte insamlades empiriskt material genom semistrukturerade intervjuer med åtta biståndshandläggare i tre olika kommuner i Sverige. Studien utgick från en kvalitativ ansats för att få en djupare förståelse om fenomenet. Resultatet analyserades med stöd i tidigare forskning och centrala begrepp. Resultatet visar att språket har en avgörande betydelse i handläggningsprocessen. Vidare visar resultatet att handläggning av äldre invandrare ofta föranleder behov i form av individuella lösningar, sunt förnuft och språkanpassningar. Resultatet visar även att det förekommer osäkerhet samt utmaningar vid handläggning av äldre invandrare. Avslutningsvis förs en diskussion kring biståndshandläggares flexibilitet och anpassningsförmåga vid handläggning av äldre invandrare.

  • 317.
    Bro, Lina
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Burman Fredriksson, Sara
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    "Där ju ändå barn i äldre kroppar": En fokusgrupps studie av gruppbostadspersonals föreställningar om och attityder kring sexualitet hos unga män och kvinnor med intellektuella funktionsnedsättningar2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 318.
    Broberg, Anders
    et al.
    Psykologiska institutionen, Göteborgs universitet, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Almqvist, Kjerstin
    Institutionen för sociala och psykologiska studier, Karlstads universitet, Karlstad, Sweden.
    Appell, Petra
    Institutionen för sociala och psykologiska studier, Karlstads universitet, Karlstad, Sweden.
    Axberg, Ulf
    Institutionen för socialt arbete, Göteborgs universitet, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Cater, Åsa
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Draxler, Helena
    Institutionen för sociala och psykologiska studier, Karlstads universitet, Karlstad, Sweden.
    Eriksson, Maria
    Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Mälardalens högskola, Västerås, Sweden.
    Grip, Karin
    Institutionen för socialt arbete, Göteborgs universitet, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Hjärthag, Fredrik
    Institutionen för sociala och psykologiska studier, Karlstads universitet, Karlstad, Sweden.
    Hultmann, Ole
    Institutionen för socialt arbete, Göteborgs universitet, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Iversen, Clara
    Sociologiska institutionen, Uppsala universitet, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Röbäck de Souza, Karin
    Institutionen för socialt arbete, Göteborgs universitet, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Utveckling av bedömningsinstrument och stödinsatser för våldsutsatta barn2015Report (Other academic)
  • 319.
    Broberg, Anders
    et al.
    Psykologiska institutionen, Göteborgs universitet, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Almqvist, Linnea
    Psykologiska institutionen, Göteborgs universitet, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Axberg, Ulf
    Psykologiska institutionen, Göteborgs universitet, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Almqvist, Kjerstin
    Karlstads universitet, Karlstad, Sweden.
    Cater, Åsa
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Eriksson, Maria
    Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Stöd till barn som upplevt våld mot mamma : Preliminära resultat från en nationell utvärdering2011Report (Other academic)
  • 320.
    Broberg, Anders
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Almqvist, Linnea
    Göteborgs universitet, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Axberg, Ulf
    Göteborgs universitet, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Grip, Karin
    Göteborgs universitet, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Almqvist, Kjerstin
    Karlstads universitet, Karlstad, Sweden.
    Sharifi, Ulrika
    Karlstads universitet, Karlstad, Sweden.
    Cater, Åsa
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Forssell, Anna
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Eriksson, Maria
    Uppsala universitet, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Iversen, Clara
    Uppsala universitet, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Stöd till barn som bevittnat våld mot mamma: resultat från en nationell utvärdering2011Report (Other academic)
  • 321.
    Broden, Camilla
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Sandberg, Maria
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Hedersvåld: ett kulturellt eller strukturellt fenomen?2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 322.
    Brodin, Sofia
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Svanberg, Emma
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    MEDKÄNSLA: – EN FÖREBYGGANDE ÅTGÄRD MOT HOT?2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 323.
    Brohi, Sassi
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Kvarnlöf, Erika
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Magnusson, Viktoria
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Frivilliga organisatorers roll i den kommunala äldreomsorgen2011Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 324.
    Brolin, Pernilla
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Carlsson, Hanna
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Går våld i nära relation i pension?: - föreställningar om äldre och dess påverkan på kommunalt arbete med våld i nära relation.2013Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 325.
    Bromby, Lizette
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Östergren, Miriam
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Stress i skolan: – En kvalitativ studie om elevers stress i grundskolan2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to get a better understanding of the prevalence of students´ stress in primary school and how stress manifests itself. The study also aims to explore what might be causing students’ stress and how widely school counselors can work preventive with this problem in school. The study is based on theories of SOC and the demand-control-support model.

    The study is qualitative and based on four interviews with school counselors who work with student health in primary school. The study is also based on current research on stress and mental health among children and youth. Statistics Sweden (2013) has come out with data showing that stress is common in many children and Akademikerförbundet SSR (2010) emphasizes that eight out of ten school counselors feel that their workload has increased in recent years and that seven out of ten school counselors think that they do not have time for health promotion work in school. Reasons for the perceived increase in workload is that mental illness among students´ has increased, cases are larger and more problematic and they are responsible for more students.

    The results of this study show, as in previous research that stress among students is a common problem in primary school. Stress among students´ can appear when they get insomnia, headaches and stomach pain. A possible causal explanation for students' stress is lack of control, high demands and a lack of support in school, whose effects enhance if students have a low sense of coherence (comprehensibility, manageability and meaningfulness-SOC).

    What may discourage students' stress are high control, a supportive environment and requirements that are not overwhelming, and an increased sense of coherence. In the result, it was determined that the school has a significant impact on children and young people's mental health. In school there are both opportunities and obstacles for school counselors to work promoting to prevent the development of increased mental health among students. School counselors have knowledge of what students may need to become less stressed, but lack of time is an obstacle in their work. School counselors feel that "self-priority" tasks take a lot of time and student health is therefore unable to focus on health promotion.

  • 326.
    Bronner, Maja
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Costyson, Lina
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Tolvstegsbehandling och självhjälpsgrupper: - En systematisk integrerad litteraturöversikt2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Föreliggande uppsats är en systematisk litteraturöversikt som omfattar både tolvstegsbehandling och självhjälpsgrupper. Syftet med studien är att undersöka det befintliga kunskapsläget gällande tolvstegsbehandling för alkohol- och drogmissbrukare. Litteraturstudiens intention är även att undersöka vilka erfarenheter och resultat självhjälpsgrupper i form av Anonyma Alkoholister och Anonyma Narkomaner genererat för de klienter som deltagit i dessa grupper. Förhoppningen med litteraturöversikten är att väcka läsarens intresse så att denne får möjligheten till att erhålla en övergripande kunskapsbild av det aktuella området. Litteraturöversiktens resultat presenteras i tabellform för att sedan tematiseras och syntetiseras i en analys. Resultaten i föreliggande litteraturöversikt visar en tvetydig bild av tolvstegsbehandling och självhjälpsgrupper. Studier som är inkluderade i litteraturöversikten påvisar både positiva och negativa resultat av tolvstegsbehandling. Vissa studier tyder på att tolvstegsbehandling kan vara en gynnsam behandlingsmetod för alkohol- och drogmissbruk. Andra studier visar att det inte finns någon signifikant skillnad mellan tolvstegsbehandling och andra behandlingsmetoder för att uppnå nykterhet. Självhjälpsgrupper har visat sig vara ett positivt komplement till traditionell missbruksbehandling enligt de studier som inkluderats i litteraturöversikten. För att självhjälpsgrupperna ska betraktas som ett positivt komplement krävs det dock att klienten är motiverad till förändring och deltar aktivt i dessa grupper. Slutligen visar litteraturöversiktens resultat att det finns vissa faktorer som anses mer verksamma än andra inom självhjälpsgrupperna. Motivation och grupptillhörighet är två faktorer som är frekvent återkommande i studierna och som uppges vara avgörande för klienter som vill förändra sitt missbruksbeteende.

  • 327.
    Bruhn, Anders
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Book review: Social and caring professions in European welfare states: Policies, services and professional practices2019In: Nordic Social Work Research, ISSN 2156-857X, E-ISSN 2156-8588, Vol. 9, no 2, p. 199-201Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 328.
    Bruhn, Anders
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Changing Occupational Roles in Audit Society: The Case of Swedish Student Aid Officials2015In: Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies, ISSN 2245-0157, E-ISSN 2245-0157, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 31-50Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article is about occupational change concerning a non-professional group of Street Level Bureaucrats—student aid officials at the Swedish Board for Study Support (SBSS). The aim is to describe and analyze changes in their occupational role—their discretional space and working conditions under the impact of changed ways to manage public service organizations and new information and communication technology. The SBSS is the sole administrator of student financial aid in Sweden. Its officials investigate and take decisions about students’ applications and repayment of loans. This work includes interacting with clients via telephone and computer. These officials have to have a certain amount of discretion to interpret and apply rules and regulations on specific circumstances in individual cases. How are their working conditions affected by organizational and policy changes in the authority? How is their ability to exercise influence and control over their own work performance affected? The analysis highlights how officials suffer from decreased discretion and an increasing routinization in their work. This is a result of a regulatory framework continuously growing in detail together with increasing management control based on new information and communication technology. What remains of discretion is a kind of ‘task’ discretion, the ability to do minor technical manipulations of rules in individual cases. Even today’s top management seems critical of this development. Besides further automatization and reduction of staff an ongoing process of organizational change is therefore also aiming to develop officials’ competence and working conditions toward what may be seen as organizational professionalism,a development of specific occupational skills and a discretion adjusted and subordinated to managerial means and ends. The analysis rests on data from a research project (2011 to 2014) about Institutional Talk. Data sources are qualitative interviews, audio-taped speech sequences, observational field notes, and official documents. 

  • 329.
    Bruhn, Anders
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Förutsättningar för relationsarbete i yrkesutövning på det sociala arbetets fält2018In: Relationer i socialt arbete: I gränslandet mellan profession och person / [ed] Anders Bruhn och Åsa Källström, Stockholm: Liber, 2018, 1, p. 37-58Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 330.
    Bruhn, Anders
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Ekström, Mats
    Department of Journalism, Media and Communication, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Towards a Multi-level Approach on Frontline Interactions in the Public Sector: Institutional Transformations and the Dynamics of Real-time Interactions2017In: Social Policy & Administration, ISSN 0144-5596, E-ISSN 1467-9515, Vol. 51, no 1, p. 195-215Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study develops a multi-level approach on frontline interactions in the public sector. Previous research suggests that detailed analyses of frontline interactions are essential to our understanding of how welfare services take shape when policies and rules are applied and negotiated in individual cases. The dynamics and performances of real-time interactions have, however, rarely been analyzed as such. This study shows how the methods developed in the field of Conversation Analysis can contribute to this research. Our multi-level approach integrates analyses of the policy- and institutional transformations that shape conditions for frontline interactions; and analyses of how policies and rules are evoked, negotiated and reshaped in the turn-by-turn organization and performances of interaction. The approach is applied on an analysis of how rules regarding financial aid are applied in an authority highly affected by changes in welfare policy towards standardization and detailed regulations. The empirical case is the Swedish Board for Study Support. The empirical study includes analyses of documents, interviews and analyses of taped telephone conversations. The study shows how institutional arrangements of standardization, detailed regulations, monitoring and depersonalization, structure the frontline work and shape narrow frames for officials’ discretion in interactions with clients. The study also shows how rules are invoked and negotiated in recurrent practices in the interaction: in the careful design of decisions; in the investigations of alternatives and exceptions from the rules in order to find solutions to the client’s problems. The analyses of concrete interactional practices clearly indicate that also a rule-governed work dominated by task discretion involves recurrent negotiations, flexibility and local policy-making.

  • 331.
    Bruhn, Anders
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Källström, Åsa
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Inledning: Relationsbyggande på det sociala arbetes fält - utmaningar och möjligheter2018In: Relationer i socialt arbete : I gränslandet mellan profession och person / [ed] Bruhn, Anders & Källström, Åsa, Stockholm: Liber, 2018, p. 9-15Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 332.
    Bruhn, Anders
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Källström, ÅsaÖrebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Relationer i socialt arbete : I gränslandet mellan profession och person2018Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    En väl fungerande relation mellan socialarbetare och klient är ett nödvändigt villkor och ett grundelement i allt professionellt socialt arbete. Men trots att relationsarbete är svårt, så problematiseras det sällan i texter som rör det sociala arbetets kärna och karaktär.

    I den här boken tar vi oss an just den uppgiften. Några exempel på frågeställningar som boken tar upp:

    • Vad kännetecknar ett gott relationsarbete på det sociala arbetets fält?
    • Hur kan en väl fungerande relation etableras mellan den professionelle tjänsteutövaren och en klient i ett mer eller mindre utsatt läge?
    • Hur och under vilka villkor kan ett gott relationsarbete utföras av socialarbetare inom olika verksamhetsområden?

    Bokens kapitel inrymmer både teoretiska fördjupningar och praktiska exempel och kan därför användas såväl inom utbildningar för socionomer och på angränsande fält som inom praktik på olika sociala yrkesfält.

  • 333.
    Bruhn, Anders
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Källström, Åsa
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Slutord2018In: Relationer i socialt arbete : I gränslandet mellan profession och person / [ed] Bruhn, Anders & Källström, Åsa, Stockholm: Liber, 2018, p. 279-284Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 334.
    Bruhn, Anders
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Lindahl, Robert
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Flygare, Erik
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Promoting constructive relations between children in foster care and welfare officials2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The relationship between children in foster care and ‘their’ welfare official has recently been accentuated on political level in Sweden. In this paper we will discuss how Honneths theory of recognition can be applied on this relation – which is a very multifaceted one – not least because the role of the official is multi-dimensional. Besides ensuring official policy, law and regulation (the authority role) he/she shall represent the child vis-à-vis other actors’ and institutions involved (the advocacy role), and be a stable and trustful adult for the child to attach to socially/emotionally (the attachment role). The latter is now emphasized in Swedish law.

         Recently, in the framework of an evaluation we interviewed children in foster care. When asked about how they experience “their” official most of them show a quite negative or indifferent attitude referring first and foremost to the authority role, i.e. someone controlling and administering their foster-home placement. However, those most positive of “their” official highlights the attachment dimension, indicated by a deeper and more developed relation based on mutual trust. And, such a relation seems desired by most interviewed children. By Honnet’s theory of recognition we may reach deeper insights about how and under what circumstances a professional role that promotes such relations can be developed without undermining the authority role of the welfare official. The theory elucidates three types of recognition-relations needed for an individual to develop a positive identity: through primary relations of mutual emotional attachment self-confidence of importance for being able to articulate personal needs is developed. Through legal relations the individual is recognized as an adequate partner in interaction, i.e. as a person entitled to the same legal status and treatment as all other persons (universal dimension). This infuses self-respect. In complement to this – to care and legal recognition – the individual needs to be recognized for unique capacities and achievements via belonging to a community of shared values. The paper discusses if, how and what the welfare official can offer here on the basis of his/hers position in the welfare bureaucracy.

  • 335.
    Bruhn, Anders
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Lindberg, Odd
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Kriminalvården sluter sig för insyn utifrån2018In: Dagens Nyheter DN Debatt, ISSN 1101-2447, no 5 augustiArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    En förändring i bemötandet gentemot utomstående forskning har uppstått hos Kriminal­vården. Den är inte lika öppen längre, skriver forskarna Anders Bruhn och Odd Lindberg. 

  • 336.
    Bruhn, Anders
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Lindberg, Odd
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Kvalitativ metod och datateknologi1996In: Kvalitativa studier i teori och praktik / [ed] Per-Gunnar Svensson, Bengt Starrin, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 1996, p. 122-143Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 337.
    Bruhn, Anders
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Lindberg, Odd
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Nylander, Per Åke
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    A harsher prison climate and a cultural heritage working against it: sub-cultural divisions among Swedish prison officers2011In: Penal exeptionalism?: Nordic prison policy and practice / [ed] Thomas Ugelvik, Jane Dullum, Abingdon: Routledge , 2011, 1, p. 215-231Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 338.
    Bruhn, Anders
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Lindberg, Odd
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Nylander, Per Åke
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Treating Drug Abusers in Prison: Competing Paradigms Anchored in Different Welfare Ideologies: The Case of Sweden2017In: Scandinavian penal history, culture and prison practice: Embraced by the welfare state? / [ed] Scharff Smith, Peter & Ugelvik, Thomas, London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2017, p. 177-204Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The number of prisoners in Sweden categorized as drug abusers have increased substantially in the last 20 years according to the Swedish Prison and Probation Service (SPPS). Drug abusers are defined by SPPS as those who have used illicit drugs during the previous 12 months (Ekbom et al. 2006). In 1970 about 20 % of the prisoners could be classified as drug abusers, while they made up 28 % of the prison population in 1997 (Amilon and Edstedt 1998). In 2010 the number of prisoners with drug problems had risen to 60 % (Ekbom et al. 2011). One reason for this increase may be the sentencing policy.

  • 339.
    Bruhn, Anders
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Nylander, Per Åke
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Quality employment and quality public services in prisons: Rapportdel: Sweden2018Report (Other academic)
  • 340.
    Bruhn, Anders
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Nylander, Per Åke
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Lindberg, Odd
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    The prison officer's dilemma: professional representations among Swedish prison officers2010In: Les Dossiers des sciences de l'education, ISSN 1296-2104, Vol. 23, no 1, p. 77-93Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article is based on a study of Swedish prison officers. We analyse two types of professional representations, that is, their collectively evolved knowledge. A point of departure is the existence of sub-cultural gaps between different groups of officers. Society’s contradictory aims with the prison system lead to a permanent dilemma in prison work between security and rehabilitation. This dilemma becomes evident in the professional representations studied. However, there are also some differences in relation to different sub-cultural belongings. In our analysis of how prison officers deal with the dilemma in everyday practice we develop three ideal types - the frustrated, the rigid and the flexible one.

  • 341.
    Bruhn, Anders
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Nylander, Per-Åke
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Synen på brott och straff har blivit inhuman2015In: ETC, ISSN 0348-6567, article id 2015-04-25Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 342.
    Bruhn, Anders
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Nylander, Per-Åke
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Lindberg, Odd
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Swedish ‘prison exceptionalism’ in decline: trends towards distantiation and objectification of the Other2015In: Punishing the other: the social production of immorality revisited / [ed] Eriksson, Anna, London & New York: Routledge, 2015, p. 101-124Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 343.
    Bruhn, Anders
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Thunman, Elin
    Uppsala universitet, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Ekström, Mats
    Göteborgs universitet, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Swedish social insurance officials struggling with the vagueness of the work ability concept: The case of sickness compensation2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In a research project – Practices of Frontline Interactions in the Swedish Social Insurance Agency (SSIA) – we are studying how goals and rules are shaped and handled in conversations between officials and clients. A central aim is to develop knowledge about what kind of room these officials have to develop policy in practice and how they make use of it. This is done by a multi-level research approach combining analyses on an institutional and interactional level (Bruhn & Ekström 2017). Data are collected via mixed methods: recorded interactions (official–client), qualitative interviews, and documents. In this paper, except for some minor changes identical with a paper originally presented at the 2nd Conference on Street-level Bureaucracy in Copenhagen 2017, we discuss officials’ room for and use of discretion when assessing work ability in investigations about sickness compensation (previously called sickness pension). To get sickness compensation the individual’s work ability must be permanently reduced (i.e. he/she shall not be able to take part in  working life anymore). Work (dis-)ability is a diffuse and contested concept. It is a core concept not only for officials here in focus, but for several other organisational actors in the field of labour market and health insurance issues as well. Many actors with different missions and interests are recurrently involved in negotiations about how to interpret and take actions on the basis of this concept. The diffuseness of the concept often puts the investigating official – the Street Level Bureaucrat – in a position of having quite lot of room to assess and affect the outcome of the investigations at hand. Internal SSIA statistics also point to quite wide variations in outcome of investigations between different units in the organisation. At the same time there is also internal pressure on the investigators to “keep figures down”. The magnitude of such pressure is related to changes in pressure upon the authorities on the political level. This leads to fluctuations between different fiscal years. Last year (2016), 70% of the applications for this benefit were rejected. This is an increase from earlier years, and a hint of a growing restrictiveness in assessments of what is seen as permanently reduced work ability. In this paper, we discuss the work ability concept in relation to the room for assessment – the discretion – of these sickness compensation investigating officials. It is based on earlier research, official documents, qualitative interviews and speech recordings.

  • 344.
    Brunnberg, Elinor
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Are boys and girls treated in the same way by the social services?2001In: Gender - Aspekte in der sozialen Arbeit / [ed] Christine Gruber, Elfriede Fröschl, Wien: Czernin , 2001, p. 329-348Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 345.
    Brunnberg, Elinor
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Are boys and girls treated in the same way by the social services?2002In: Gender in social work: promoting equality / [ed] Christine Gruber, Helga Stefanov, Lyme Regis: Russell House , 2002, p. 119-131Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 346.
    Brunnberg, Elinor
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Att observera, tala med och lyssna till barns och ungdomars berättelser2007In: Välfärdspolitik i praktiken: om perspektiv och metoder i forskning / [ed] Elinor Brunnberg, Elisabet Cedersund, Uppsala: NSU press , 2007, p. 23-50Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Barns röster – inte bara vuxnas – kan ibland höras inom forskningen om välfärdsstatens villkor och aktiviteter. Forskning som berör barn och barns livsvillkor kan ha ett ’outsider within’ perspektiv. Den kan handla om strukturella frågor, men gäller ofta studier av barns samspel där barns relationer till vuxna eller jämnåriga studeras. Barn kan vara i olika åldrar, pojkar och flickor, med olika klasstillhörighet, med och utan funktionshinder och från olika länder. Barn är en minst lika varierad grupp som vuxna. I den här artikeln diskuteras möjligheter få kännedom om barns ståndpunkt dels utifrån intervjuer med hörselskadade barn i åldern 8-14 år och dels utifrån ’höringar’ med hörselskadade och döva ungdomar i åldern 18-23 år. ‘Höringar’ är en deltagandemodell med kreativa inslag, som arbetats fram för att ge barn möjlighet att fritt kunna redovisa sina tankar och åsikter i olika för dem centrala välfärdsfrågor.

  • 347.
    Brunnberg, Elinor
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Barnforskning i socialt arbete: en studie av avhandlingar2007In: Socionomutbildning i omvandling 1967 till 2007: en jubileumsskrift, Örebro universitet / [ed] Elinor Brunnberg, Örebro: Örebro universitet , 2007, p. 121-146Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I de barnavhandlingar som skrivits i socialt arbete sedan starten 1980 har forskarna arbetat utifrån olika barnperspektiv. De barnrelaterade avhandlingar kan beskriva hur det är att vara barn eller ungdom, hur det är att vara förälder och ha barn, hur det är att arbeta med föräldrar eller hur det är att arbeta med barn/ungdomar. Vuxna kan beskriva sin egen barndom. Barndomen kan även ha analyseras på ett strukturellt plan. Barnen själva är en social grupp med en underordnad position som informatörer. Empirin kommer betydligt oftare från vuxna än från barn. Det fi nns skillnader i inriktningen på barnforskningen mellan de olika universitetsorterna och om barnforskarna i sin forskning utgått från information direkt från barn eller från vuxna.

  • 348.
    Brunnberg, Elinor
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    'Då blev jag besviken': en fenomenologisk analys av fyra berättelser2007In: Välfärdspolitik i praktiken: om perspektiv och metoder i forskning, Uppsala: NSU Press , 2007, p. 65-86Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I det här kapitlet diskuteras fenomenologisk filosofi och dess influenser på olika forskningsmetoder som deskriptiv fenomenologi och fenomenografi. I kapitlet kommer även att visas hur man kan göra en deskriptiv fenomenologisk analys. Utgångspunkten för analysen är fyra korta berättelser som skrivits av fyra flickor som deltagit i en kurs inom ett s.k. individuellt program. Syftet med kapitlet är att visa hur en deskriptiv fenomenologisk analys kan ge en fördjupad förståelse för flickors erfarenheter av sociala relationer samt när och hur de upplevt besvikelser i relationer till andra.

  • 349.
    Brunnberg, Elinor
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Fattiga barn nu och då2008In: Villkorandets politik: fattigdomens premisser och samhällets åtgärder - då och nu / [ed] Hans Swärd, Marie-Anne Egerö, Malmö: Égalité , 2008, p. 311-319Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 350.
    Brunnberg, Elinor
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Hard-of-hearing children's sense of identity and belonging2010In: Scandinavian Journal of Disability Research, ISSN 1501-7419, E-ISSN 1745-3011, Vol. 12, no 3, p. 179-197Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores the process of identity construction for hard-of-hearing (HH) children in Sweden. Twenty-nine children aged 9-16 years who attended special classes for HH students were interviewed. During this longitudinal study, all classes were moved from an oral to a signing school environment. The findings support the position that a bilingual HH identity exists. HH children often construct their identity by widening their reference group to include not just HH but also those who are 'almost the same'. They can have a sense of belonging either to deaf or hearing children, or both. In the development of identity HH children make distinctions between subgroups within their reference group. There were also children in crisis or with an unclear identity. This needs to be further explored to determine if the crisis is a productive part of identity construction or a problem requiring support. Gender construction also needs to be further explored.

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