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  • 301.
    Carlsson, Nina
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Distinktion mellan hedersrelaterat våld och mäns våld mot kvinnor i nära relationer2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 302.
    Carlsson, Nina
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Svensson, Elin
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Attitydskolan. En kvalitativ studie om deltagarnas personliga utveckling på Attitydskolan2009Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 303.
    Carlsson, Åsa
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Gränsöverskridande arv och testamente: Idag och imorgon?2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 304.
    Carlstedt, Maria
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Kamsties, Tatiana
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Samsjuklighet mellan depressiva symtom och undergrupper av social ångest i relation till livstillfredsställelse hos unga vuxna: En tvärsnittsstudie2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The main purpose of this thesis was to investigate profiles of comorbidity between depressive symptoms and different subgroups of social anxiety in young adults (20-24 years) and its relationship to life satisfaction and social dysfunction within the domains occupation/education and social activities. The data used was gathered through questionnaires. The results were analyzed with cluster analysis.  Two profiles with comorbidity between subgroups of social anxiety and depressive symptoms were found. This comorbidity seems to be related to a lower level of experienced life satisfaction and to dysfunction within two domains, occupation/education and social activities.

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  • 305.
    Carlsén, Linda
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Lindner, Jonatan
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Stödet - en förutsättning för att ta klivet2009Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 306.
    Cashin, Emilie
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Wallsten, Ida
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    " Jag har gjort allt för att komma därifrån"2011Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 307.
    Cashin, Emmelie
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Wallsten, Ida
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    "Jag har gjort allting för att komma därifrån": En kvalitativ studie om ungas perspektiv på sammanbrott i familjehem2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    ABSTRACT

    This qualitative study was assigned by Swedish municipal social services which focused on

    adolescents who initiated disruption in foster placement. The purpose of this study was to explore

    young people's thoughts and experiences with having lived in a foster family and initiating a

    disruption in the placement. The outline in this study has been aimed at promoting young people's

    experiences of life in the foster home, the relationship to social services, the disruption and its

    effects, as well as the placement effects on the youth and their situations. In gathering this

    information, unstructured interviews were conducted with four adolescents who chose to

    discontinue one or more foster home placements prematurely. The interviews were recorded and

    transcribed leaving the person anonymous. The material from each interview was presented and

    analyzed based on two theories: developing ecological theory and Erikson's theory of human

    development.

    The results of this study showed the importance of stable relationships during the placement

    period for young people to both thrive and stay with the foster family. This was included for both

    current relationships as well as in the new ones. The individual socialworkers relationship with, and

    responsiveness to the youth had significant impact for the placements outcome. Another factor in

    the study showed that the reason adolescents left their placement early was due to their

    geographical location. Respondents expressed that their ideal outcome was to live in their

    hometown during the placement.

    Keywords: disruption, foster home, adolescent, theory of development, childrens perspectives

  • 308.
    Castro, Lisa
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Löfvenhamn, Anna
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Westh, Caroline
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Vägar ut ur kriminalitet2010Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 309.
    Cater [Källström Cater], Åsa
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    KvinnoCentrums stöd för barn som bevittnat våld: en utvärdering med fokus på verksamhetsutveckling2009Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 310.
    Cederström, Anita
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Utvärdering av BUS-KOMPETENS: en utbildningsinsats i syfte att öka samverkan mellan Stockholms kommun och Stockholms läns landsting med avseende på psykosocialt utsatta barn2008Report (Other academic)
  • 311.
    Celebi, Seher
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Hedersmord: Hur det svenska rättssystemet hanterar hedersmord ur ett straffrättsligt perspektiv.2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 312.
    Chamoun, Alexandra
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Hanna, Rima
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Sepic, Muamer
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Alkohol - och drogvanor bland skolundomar i Örebro: - en jämförelse mellan elever i årskurs nio på skolor i upptagningsområdeen med socioekonomiska och kulturella skillnader2011Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 313.
    Cheragi, Victoria
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Karlsson, Maria
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Vägen ut: En studie om kvinnors erfarenheter av institutionsvistelse2010Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 314.
    Christensson, Per
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Faderskap och föräldrastöd2009Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka mäns upplevelser av att ha deltagit i föräldrastödsprogrammet Föräldrastegen, samt hur de beskriver sitt föräldraskap och upplever relationen till sina tonåringar. Fem kursdeltagare har intervjuats utifrån en kvalitativ forskningsansats med en semistrukturerad intervjuguide som mall. Resultatet av intervjuerna har strukturerats och redovisats utifrån olika teman. Analysen har utförts med utgångspunkt i Eriksons psykosociala stadier, Banduras sociala inlärningsteori, samt teorier kring gruppdynamik. Den tidigare forskning som har använts berör fäders upplevelser av sitt faderskap, relationen mellan far och tonåring, samt en utvärdering av ett föräldrastödsprogram designad för män. Denna studie står väl i paritet med vad tidigare forskning i ämnet hävdar. De slutsatser man kan dra av undersökningen är att papporna upplever Föräldrastegen som ett positivt forum där kursdeltagarna fått utbyta erfarenheter med andra pappor samt ta del av nyttiga tips och idéer. Relationen till tonåringen upplevs överlag som god, dock stjäl i viss mån den egna arbetsbelastningen men framför allt ungdomarnas datoranvändande och deras kompisar mycket tid från relationen dem emellan. Synen på männens faderskap har påverkats av relationen till den egna pappan som har fått fungera som en negativ mall för hur barnuppfostran inte ska gå till.

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  • 315.
    Christensson, Sandra
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Behandlingsalternativ för äldre med depression och ångest: - en studie av Örebro kommuns särskilda boenden2009Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay aims to explore the possibilities for elderly in nursing homes in Örebro municipality toreceive other treatments besides medication in case of depression or anxiety. Issues associated withthe object in this paper and which are discussed are prevalence of drug usage, opportunities forelderlies to receive other treatments, prevalence of other treatments and the elderlies own power orinfluence over the choice of treatment. The survey has been conducted with questionnaires sent outby post to nurses at every nursing home for elderly in Örebro municipality. The results showed thatdrugs are used extensively when treating depression or anxiety among the nursing home residents,and other treatments are never or only occasionally being discussed at more than half of the nursinghomes in this study. The results also show that reminiscence therapy and problem-solving therapyhas been used occasionally, while alternative therapies are used more frequently. It is also unusualfor the elderly to be involved in the choice of treatment, mostly because of cognitive impairmentssuch as dementia.

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 316.
    Citaku, Gentiana
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Lund, Emmelie
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Familjehemsplaceringar: Om rekrytering, stöd och uppföljning2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 317.
    Claesson, Sandra
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Muskos, Nina
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Hur ungdomars kroppsuppfattning och träning är relaterad till självkänsla och emotioner2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 318.
    Cornels, David
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Wennergren, Emil
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Wolmar Larsson, Jens
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Ofarligt onelinespelande eller dataspelberoende? En litteraturstudie om dataspelsproblematik2011Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 319.
    Crantz, Maria
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Crona, Fanny
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Signell, Joakim
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Ungdomars definitioner av sexuella trakasserier och kränkningar mellan jämnåriga ur ett genusperspektiv2009Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 320.
    Cronberg, Emma
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Peters, Magdalena
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Comparing a Behavioral and a Non-Behavioral Parenting Program for Children With Externalizing Behavior Problems2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this study we compared two theoretically different parenting programs for children with externalizing behavior problems, one behavioral, Comet, and one non-behavioral, Connect. Participants were 209 parents with children ages 8-12 who were randomized to the two programs. Parents experienced markedly less child externalizing behavior problems, both conduct problems and ADHD symptoms, as well as increased competence, improved family climate, and decreased emotional dyscontrol and levels of stress after both programs. The differences in effects between the programs were small and only measures of use of specific behavioral techniques had medium effects in favor of Comet. Thus, both Comet and Connect appear to be effective interventions but more research is needed, especially concerning long-term evaluations.

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  • 321.
    Cronhamre, Maja
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Straffskärpning vid återfall vs. straffreduktion vid flerfaldig brottslighet2010Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 322.
    Cuci, Albina
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Nygren, Lina
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Oktay, Laura
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Ensamkommande flyktingbarn som unga vuxna: -En kvalitativ studie om social inkludering2010Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 323.
    Dag, Munir
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Kullberg, Christian
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Can they work it out and do they get any satisfaction?: Young Swedish physically disabled men's and women's work involvement and job satisfaction2010In: Scandinavian Journal of Disability Research, ISSN 1501-7419, E-ISSN 1745-3011, Vol. 12, no 4, p. 287-303Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, results are reported from a study of what value young (20-35 years) disabled men and women ascribe to a job and the job satisfaction they have. Data for the study were collected via a survey questionnaire. The results show that both the men and the women attach great psychosocial value to work and that they have a high level of job satisfaction. The results also show that the men tend to ascribe higher economic value to paid work than the women do and that the women ascribe a higher psychosocial value to paid work than the men. Finally, there is a discussion of the conclusions that can be drawn from the results of the social policy measures taken for men and women in the group in question.

  • 324.
    Dagobert, Daniel
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Åred, Emma
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Hur verkligheten kan upplevas för en H/B/T/Q-person: -En studie med Grounded Theory som forskningsstrategi2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to create an understanding of the life-views of persons identifying themselves as homosexual, bisexual, transpersons and/or queer (H/B/T/Q) in Sweden today. We had an explorative approach to this aim and used Grounded theory as a research method. We interviewed 11 H/B/T/Q-persons living in Örebro, and we found some central themes wich were frequently described, generally about how the social interaction with others had an effect on their own processes to living an open H/B/T/Q-life or having a restrictive approach. We also found that living openly as an H/B/T/Q-person seemed to be a salutogene factor. Those factors that we found to be central in the interactional processes to openly or restrictive ways of living as a H/B/T/Q-person, were illustrated in theoretical models, where the relationships between heteronormativity, individual interactional strategies and social support were focused.

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  • 325.
    Dahlberg Andersson, Ilina
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Balakrishnan, Tharsiga
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    International Humanitarian Law: Sexual Violence during armed conflicts2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 326.
    Dahlberg, Maria
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Vi bråkar om barnen: En granskning av förslagen Barnkonventionen som lag och Barnbalk istället för Föräldrabalken2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats handlar om den kritik som riktas mot den lagstiftning som styr förhållandet när två parter separerar som har barn, och om de lösningsförslag som finns i form av föreslagna lagändringar. Uppsatsen delar in kritiken i områdena: Barnets talan, Gemensam vårdnad och bestämmanderätt, Fastställande av vårdnaden om barnet, Umgängesrätt och umgängessabotage, Ekonomi, Verkställighet och Övriga ämnen, som redovisas var för sig. Dessa områden tar sikte på något enskilt problem. Två större lösningsförslag är av mer genomgripande karaktär: Barnkonventionen som lag och Barnbalk istället för Föräldrabalken. Dessa redovisas också var för sig. I analysen diskuteras om framförallt Föräldrabalken har spelat ut sin roll och om det finns juridiska luckor och juridiska brister som ger skäl för att drastiska lagändringar är nödvändiga. Uppsatsens slutsats är att det bara finns en möjlig lucka inom området Gemensam vårdnad och bestämmanderätt samt några lagar som behöver översyn men att det juridiskt sett inte finns skäl för att genomföra förslag som Barnkonventionen som lag och Barnbalk istället för Föräldrabalken. Genomgående i uppsatsen redogörs också för politiska och samhälleliga synvinklar på problematiken. Dessa kan däremot i sig själva ge skäl till att genomföra förslagen.

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  • 327.
    Dahlberg, Tove
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Domarjäv: jävsproblematiken kring anställningar av adjungerade ledamöter2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 328.
    Dahlgren, Louise
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    barnets åsikt i mål om vårdnad, boande och umgänge: Ett studium av svensk lagstiftning i förhållande till de internationella förpliktelserna2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 329.
    Dahlman-Giannias, Cecilia
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Edvardsson, Bo
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Samtalsminne: Vad händer med erinran efter sju dagar?1998Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose is to investigate what happens with conversation content when remembered after seven days. Twenty conversations in pairs were recorded and the content was compared with  memories of the conversation after seven days. A number of memory phenomena and errors were found, e.g. more than half of the themes disappeared. 

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    Samtalsminne.pdf
  • 330.
    Dahlqvist, Emma
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Omedelbara omhändertaganden enligt LVU: Ur ett rättssäkerhetsperspektive2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 331.
    Dahlström, Nicolina
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Rundqvist, Andréa
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Egentligen är det inte mörkret som jag är rädd för...: -En studie av unga kvinnors upplevda otrygghet i Örebros offentliga rum2010Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 332.
    Danielsson, Jennifer
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Nyman, Andreas
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Skolors hantering av mobbning: - en jämförelse mellan två skolor i Mellansverige2011Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 333.
    Danielsson, N. S.
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Jansson-Fröjmark, Markus
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Linton, Steven J.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Harvey, A. G.
    Are sleep-onset problems stable over the course of development?2009In: Sleep, ISSN 0161-8105, E-ISSN 1550-9109, Vol. 32, p. A264-A264, article id 0807Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 334. Danielsson, N. S.
    et al.
    MacDonald, S.
    Jansson-Fröjmark, Markus
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Linton, Steven J.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Cognitive avoidance and catastrophizing characterize adolescent sleep and stress reports2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 335. Danielsson, N. S.
    et al.
    MacDonald, S.
    Jansson-Fröjmark, Markus
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Linton, Steven J.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Mechanism behind adolescent sleep problems2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 336.
    Danielsson, Nanette S.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Disturbed sleep and emotion: a developmental perspective2013Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Sleep disturbances are not only defining features, but also diagnostic criteria for most psychiatric disorders. Recently, researchers have proposed a theoretic role for sleep disturbances in emotion dysregulation, subsequently linking neurobiological processes and psychopathology. Most prior research examining the potential role for sleep disturbance in emotion dysregulation is from a neurophysiological or clinical perspective, or primarily focused on maintaining processes. Less well understood are how sleep disturbances may be involved at the levels of predisposition, precipitation, and perpetuation of emotion dysregulation concurrently and over time.

    This dissertation presents findings from three studies that were designed to expand on what is known about sleep disturbance in the predisposition, precipitation, and perpetuation of emotion dysregulation. Study 1 examined the long-term relation between sleep-onset problems and neuroticism over twenty-years. Adolescent sleep-onset posed risk (predisposition) for neuroticism in midlife, not vice versa. Study 2 investigated the effects of 3-nights partial sleep deprivation (5-hours total time in bed) on the positive and negative affect and emotions of otherwise healthy adults. Following partial sleep deprivation, people reported significant reductions in positive affect and emotions compared to rested people (precipitation). The only impact on negative emotions was on the discrete level. Sleep deprived peo-ple reported significantly more irritability, loathing, hostility, and shakiness compared to controls. Study 3 measured adolescent sleep disturbances, depressive symptoms, and catastrophic worry. In addition to direct risk, sleep disturbances posed a non-gender specific risk for depressive symptoms one-year later through catastrophic worry (perpetuation). Overall, the results provide support for the role of sleep disturbances in the predis-position, precipitation, and perpetuation of emotion dysregulation. An implication is that sleep disturbances and catastrophic worry are two po-tentially modifiable markers of risk for emotion dysregulation.

    List of papers
    1. Neuroticism and sleep-onset: what is the long-term connection?
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Neuroticism and sleep-onset: what is the long-term connection?
    Show others...
    2010 (English)In: Personality and Individual Differences, ISSN 0191-8869, E-ISSN 1873-3549, Vol. 48, no 4, p. 463-468Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    People with sleep-onset problems often experience neuroticism. To what extent the one problem leads to the other is unknown. We used self-reported data from a Swedish longitudinal project to examine developmental links between neuroticism and sleep-onset problems. A sample of 212 people, followed from birth to midlife, was part of a cohort study spanning 37 years. Adolescent neuroticism was measured at age 16 with the High School Personality Questionnaire (HSPQ, Form A) and in midlife at age 37 with the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQ). Sleep-onset problems were measured at ages 15 to 17, 25, and 37 with items developed for the Solna Project. Adolescent neuroticism failed to predict sleep-onset problems. Instead, sleep-onset problems in adolescence and young adulthood predicted midlife neuroticism. We found that sleep-onset problems during adolescence were a direct risk for midlife neuroticism, as well as, an indirect risk through continuance of sleep-onset problems into adulthood. This study provides longitudinal support for adolescent sleep-onset problems as a potent risk factor for heightened neuroticism in midlife.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Oxford, United Kingdom: Elsevier, 2010
    Keywords
    Neuroticism, sleep-onset problems, adolescence, epidemiological, longitudinal, prospective
    National Category
    Psychology
    Research subject
    Psychology
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-11033 (URN)10.1016/j.paid.2009.11.023 (DOI)000275079900019 ()2-s2.0-73749083217 (Scopus ID)
    Available from: 2010-06-14 Created: 2010-06-14 Last updated: 2020-01-29Bibliographically approved
    2. Effects of partial sleep deprivation on subjective emotion experience and implicit emotion regulation
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Effects of partial sleep deprivation on subjective emotion experience and implicit emotion regulation
    (English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Neurophysiological research implicates sleep deprivation in emotion dysregulation. Less is known about the effects of partial sleep deprivation on the emotions and on emotion regulation of otherwise healthy people. An experimental, randomized pretest-posttest study design was used to examine the differential effects of partial sleep deprivation on emotion experience and implicit emotion regulation following emotion elicitation.

    Methods: We randomized 81 healthy adults (44 females) into a sleep deprivation or rested condition. Sleep deprivation was defined as 3-nights with 5-hours total time in bed. Scores on positive and negative emotion markers measured emotions. Mixed between-within subjects analyses of variance were used to examine group differences in emotion following the sleep condition and after the emotion elicitation procedures and test.

    Results: Sleep deprived people reported significantly less positive emotions, and more fatigue, irritability, and hostility compared to people who were rested following the sleep condition. There were negligible differences between groups in implicit emotion regulation following emotion elicitation.

    Conclusions: These findings suggest that partial sleep deprivation is a potent stressor in emotion dysregulation through reductions in positive emotions. It also appears that implicit emotion regulation works equally well following strong negative emotional events, regardless of sleep condition. From a clinical perspective, sleep deprivation and ensuing reductions in positive affect and emotion may provide clinicians with viable targets in depression treatment. Keywords: Experimental, sleep deprivation, affect, emotions, emotion regulation, emotion elicitation.

    Keywords
    Experimental, sleep deprivation, affect, emotions, emotion regulation, emotion elicitation
    National Category
    Psychology
    Research subject
    Psychology
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-29022 (URN)
    Available from: 2013-05-14 Created: 2013-05-14 Last updated: 2021-04-23Bibliographically approved
    3. Sleep disturbance and depressive symptoms in adolescence: the role of catastrophic worry
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sleep disturbance and depressive symptoms in adolescence: the role of catastrophic worry
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    2013 (English)In: Journal of Youth and Adolescence, ISSN 0047-2891, E-ISSN 1573-6601, Vol. 42, no 8, p. 1223-1233Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Depression is a common and debilitating disorder in adolescence. Sleep disturbances and depression often co-occur with sleep disturbances frequently preceding depression. The current study investigated whether catastrophic worry, a potential cognitive vulnerability, mediates the relationship between adolescent sleep disturbances and depressive symptoms, as well as whether there are gender differences in this relationship. High school students, ages 16–18, n = 1,760, 49 % girls, completed annual health surveys including reports of sleep disturbance, catastrophic worry, and depressive symptoms. Sleep disturbances predicted depressive symptoms 1-year later. Catastrophic worry partially mediated the relationship. Girls reported more sleep disturbances, depressive symptoms, and catastrophic worry relative to boys. The results, however, were similar regardless of gender. Sleep disturbances and catastrophic worry may provide school nurses, psychologists, teachers, and parents with non gender specific early indicators of risk for depression. Several potentially important practical implications, including suggestions for intervention and prevention programs, are highlighted. 

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Springer, 2013
    Keywords
    Adolescence; Sleep; Depression; Catastrophizing; Worry; Gender
    National Category
    Psychology
    Research subject
    Psychology
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-29023 (URN)10.1007/s10964-012-9811-6 (DOI)000321973800009 ()22968332 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84880514938 (Scopus ID)
    Available from: 2013-05-14 Created: 2013-05-14 Last updated: 2020-01-29Bibliographically approved
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    Addendum including missing figures
  • 337.
    Danielsson, Nanette S.
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Jansson-Fröjmark, Markus
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Linton, Steven J.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Jutengren, Göran
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Stattin, Håkan
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Neuroticism and sleep-onset: what is the long-term connection?2010In: Personality and Individual Differences, ISSN 0191-8869, E-ISSN 1873-3549, Vol. 48, no 4, p. 463-468Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    People with sleep-onset problems often experience neuroticism. To what extent the one problem leads to the other is unknown. We used self-reported data from a Swedish longitudinal project to examine developmental links between neuroticism and sleep-onset problems. A sample of 212 people, followed from birth to midlife, was part of a cohort study spanning 37 years. Adolescent neuroticism was measured at age 16 with the High School Personality Questionnaire (HSPQ, Form A) and in midlife at age 37 with the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQ). Sleep-onset problems were measured at ages 15 to 17, 25, and 37 with items developed for the Solna Project. Adolescent neuroticism failed to predict sleep-onset problems. Instead, sleep-onset problems in adolescence and young adulthood predicted midlife neuroticism. We found that sleep-onset problems during adolescence were a direct risk for midlife neuroticism, as well as, an indirect risk through continuance of sleep-onset problems into adulthood. This study provides longitudinal support for adolescent sleep-onset problems as a potent risk factor for heightened neuroticism in midlife.

  • 338.
    Davidsson, Erica
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    El-Halabi, Rita
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Sundberg, Michael
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Barn till psykiskt sjuka föräldrar: En kvalitativ studie kring gruppstöd2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 339.
    Davidsson, Madelene
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Scerling, Ida
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Widén, Linnea
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Traumadrabbades stöd och hjälp: - Tre verksamheters behandlingsarbete2011Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 340.
    de Brito, August
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Universitetsstudier utanför hemorten och dess samband med studenters alkoholbeteende och depressiva symtom2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    University students have often a risky alcohol behaviour andexperience depressive symptoms during their studies, which can haveserious consequences. Explanations to why college students drinkalcohol have often focused on the students’ social motivations. Theliterature has also focused on first-year university students’ being in atransitional phase in their lives when explaining their experience ofdepressive symptoms. This study involved 117 university students at amiddle-sized Swedish university. The main purpose of this study wasto investigate if students who moved from their home districts in orderto attend college drink more alcohol and experience more depressivesymptoms than university students who study in their home district.The result of this study shows a significant difference in alcoholconsumption between the two groups, which indicates a relationshipbetween moving from one’s home district and drinking alcohol.

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  • 341.
    Dellen, Carolina
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Söderberg, Malin
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Snygg, smal, duktig och framgångsrik , lycklig och...: En kvalitativ studie gällande ungdomars påverkan och samhällets rådande ideal2011Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 342.
    Demetriades, Anna
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Ett hälsofrämjande arbete: Personals upplevelse av Beardslees familjeintervention- en metod för att nå barn vars föräldrar har psykiskt funktionshinder2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 343.
    Demir, Mehmet
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    En saklig studie om vinddikationsrätt och dess bortre gräns: Är en bortre gräns för vindikationsrätt nödvändig avseende lös egendom?2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 344. Demir, Meliksah
    et al.
    Özdemir, Metin
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Marum, Kendra Patrice
    Perceived autonomy support, friendship maintenance, and happiness2011In: Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0022-3980, E-ISSN 1940-1019, Vol. 145, no 6, p. 537-571Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Decades of empirical research have shown that perceived autonomy support in close relationships is an essential correlate of happiness. However, what might account for the relationship between the 2? For this article, 4 studies (total N = 1325) investigated friendship maintenance as a mediator of the association between friendship autonomy support and happiness. The first 3 studies supported the model for the best friendship of the individual when happiness was assessed with 3 different measures. The 4th study extended the findings by showing that the model was generalizable to the other close friendship of the individual. Overall, the results supported the idea that engaging in routine and strategic behaviors to maintain friendships explains how perceived autonomy support in friendships is associated with happiness. The theoretical and applied implications of the findings were discussed and suggestions for future research were made.

  • 345.
    Denissen, Jaap J. A.
    et al.
    Humboldt Univ, Berlin, Germany.
    Neumann, Linus
    Humboldt Univ, Berlin, Germany.
    van Zalk, Maarten
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    How the internet is changing the implementation of traditional research methods, people's daily lives, and the way in which developmental scientists conduct research2010In: International Journal of Behavioral Development, ISSN 0165-0254, E-ISSN 1464-0651, Vol. 34, no 6, p. 564-575Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent years have seen an impressive increase in web-based research, of which we review and discuss two main types. First, researchers can create online versions of traditional questionnaires. Using the internet in this way usually does not compromise the psychometric properties of such measures, and participants are typically not less representative of the general population than those of traditional studies. Technical guidelines are provided to set up such studies, and thorny issues such as participants' anonymity are discussed. We will also discuss issues regarding the assessment of minors and the repeated assessment of participants to assess developmental changes via the web. Second, the internet has changed the way people interact with each other. The study of the psychosocial consequences of this development is called cyberpsychology. We review emerging findings from this young discipline, with a focus on developmentally-relevant implications such as the use of the internet by adolescents to disclose personal information.

  • 346. Denissen, Jaap J. A.
    et al.
    Schoenbrodt, Felix D.
    van Zalk, Maarten
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Meeus, Wim H. J.
    van Aken, Marcel A. G.
    Antecedents and consequences of peer-rated intelligence2011In: European Journal of Personality, ISSN 0890-2070, E-ISSN 1099-0984, Vol. 25, no 2, p. 108-119Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The current study investigated the antecedents and consequences of peer-rated intelligence in a longitudinal round robin design, following previously unacquainted members of small student work groups. Results indicated that peer-reputations of intelligence were reliable, stable and weakly correlated with objective intelligence. Bias was shown by correlations with interpersonal liking (decreasing across time) and idiosyncratic rating tendencies (increasing across time). Agreement between self-ratings and peer-reputations increased over time but was not based on increasing accuracy but on reciprocal associations between self-ratings and peer-reputations in the beginning of the acquaintanceship process, and on peer-reputations predicting changes in self-ratings later on. Finally, it was shown that peer-rated intelligence reputations predict academic achievement across two 4-month periods (even when tested intelligence was controlled) and dropout from university after 8 months. Overall, the pattern of results demonstrates the utility of a socioanalytic perspective in analysing personality and social processes.

  • 347. Deuling, Jacqueline K.
    et al.
    Denissen, Jaap J. A.
    van Zalk, Maarten
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Meeus, Wim
    van Aken, Marcel
    Perceived influence in groups over time: how associations with personality and cognitive ability can change over time2011In: Journal of Research in Personality, ISSN 0092-6566, E-ISSN 1095-7251, Vol. 45, no 6, p. 576-585Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The ability of personality and cognitive ability to predict perceptions of group influence in small work groups are assessed both in initial and advanced stages of group formation. Extraversion is found important to initial perceptions of intra-group influence, which is partially mediated by peer-perceived social-emotional usefulness. After a few months, reputations are established and everyone has met: now work needs to get done efficiently and accurately and cognitive ability predicts increases in perceived group influence, which is partially mediated by perceived intelligence. After even more time, other Big Five personality traits become important to changes in perceived group influence, with positive associations with openness to experience, and negative associations with neuroticism and conscientiousness. The study findings and implications are discussed. (C) 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  • 348.
    Dida, Aziz
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Rasul, Randjaw
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  • 349. Diesen, Christian
    et al.
    Lernestedt, Claes
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Lindholm, Torun
    Pettersson, Tove
    Likhet inför lagen2005Book (Other academic)
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    Principen om likhet inför lagen är djupt rotad i Sverige, både i det allmänna medvetandet och i lagstiftningens grundprinciper. Men hur fungerar det i praktiken? Är det acceptabelt att tillämpningen skiljer sig mellan stad och land, att domarens kön spelar roll eller att faktorer som kön, klass och etnicitet får avgörande betydelse för rättsprocessens utgång? Slutsatserna i Likhet inför lagen bygger på tusentals faktiska domar och är den första större studien som belyser den pågående strukturella diskrimineringen inom rättsväsendet.

    I inledningskapitlet presenterar jur. dr Claes Lernestedt en historisk och rättsfilosofisk översikt av principen om likhet inför lagen. Sedan följer en genomgång av kriminologisk forskning om institutionell diskriminering av personer med utländsk bakgrund sammanställd av fil. dr Tove Pettersson. Professor Christian Diesen redogör för tidigare opublicerade forskningsrapporter som visar på såväl negativ särbehandling av invandrare, barn, kvinnor, handikappade och homosexuella som positiv särbehandling av direktörer, poliser och advokater. Fil. dr Torun Lindholm presenterar avslutningsvis internationella och egna socialpsykologiska rön när det gäller fördomar och omedveten diskriminering. 

  • 350.
    Dimberg, Josefine
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Thomasdotter, Linda
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
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    Multiprofessional teams is a common way of organizing the work in rehabilitation

    medicine clinics. Team members are usually physicians, physiotherapists, occupational

    therapists, counselors and nurses where the counselor is the only one from the psycho-

    social discipline. Team care interventions are provided from a holistic perspective in

    which the patient's physical, psychological and social rehabilitation is taken into

    consideration. The meetings between the professional team and patient have the main

    purpose to increase patient participation. The aim of the study is to observe and analyze

    communication between the professionals, the patient and their relatives during team

    meetings. The purpose is specified into two questions; “how is the word divided between

    the participants?” and “which area of knowledge is dominant?”. Another focal point is

    how and to what extent the social work is noticeable. The study has a qualitative

    approach and is based on four video observations.  The analyze is based on

    communicational- and role theory. The results shows that the strong medical context

    characterize the meetings and focus of the meeting is on the physical aspects of

    rehabilitation. The counselor and the social work has a relatively small presence

    compared to other professions. Further implication is that the team professionals use a

    variety of communication techniques to increase patient participation.

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