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  • 301.
    Afram, Malki
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Recognition: An indigenous approach2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
  • 302.
    Afram, Malki
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Seed Patenting: A Balance of Rights and Interests 2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 303.
    Afram, Maria
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Dahno, Rabina
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Återinträde till samhället efter fängelsestraff: - Före detta kriminellas beskrivning av vardagens svårigheter samt bemötande från socialtjänst och frivård2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med föreliggande studie är att skapa en förståelse kring hur före detta kriminella upplever och hanterar sin vardag efter frigivning från fängelse. Vidare syftar studien till att skapa en förståelse för hur de upplever bemötandet av stödjande myndigheter, såsom socialtjänsten och frivården. För att erhålla data genomförs fyra kvalitativa intervjuer med före detta kriminella vid en stödorganisation. Vårt urval består av före detta kriminella män och kvinnor som var över 20 år. Samtliga har suttit minst ett år i fängelse och har därefter bestämt sig för att avstå från brott. Resultatet analyseras utifrån Beckers stämplingsteori och Hirschis kontrollteori, samt ett relationellt maktbegrepp. Resultatet visar att respondenterna upplever olika svårigheter såsom att återuppta gamla relationer, umgås med "normala människor", ordna ett boende och återuppbygga sitt självförtroende. Respondenterna hanterar ibland sina svårigheter genom att de tillfälligt återgår till ett tidigare missbruk. Respondenterna har olika upplevelser kring bemötandet av socialtjänsten, medan deras upplevelser av bemötandet från frivården är mer likartade. En slutsats är att stämpling från omgivningen är en orsak till en del av de svårigheter de upplever efter frigivningen.

  • 304.
    Afrim, Marilena
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Hällström, Jessica
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Studenters uppfattning om stalkning av ideala brottsoffer2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Studenters uppfattning om stalkning skiljer sig åt. Kvinnor anser att flerh ändelser är stalkning medan män tänker att händelserna inte klassificeras som stalkning. Män tänker även att det oftare är offrets egna fel att denne blir utsatt. Det finns ideala brottsoffer och icke-ideala brottsoffer, vilket har att göra med brottsoffrets karaktärstyp. Syftet med studien är att undersöka hur studenter uppfattar brottsoffrets utsatthet, beroende på om brottsoffret är idealt eller icke-idealt. Studien har använt en mixed design vilket innebär att de finns både en kvantitativ och en kvalitativ analys. Undersökningen genomfördes på så sätt att respondenter fick läsa en av två berättelser och besvara en tillhörande enkät. Resultaten visar att det finns skillnader i män och kvinnors uppfattning. Kvinnor ansåg att brottsoffrens utsatthet var lika allvarligt oavsett karaktärstyp medan män ansåg att det ideala brottsoffrets utsatthet var allvarligare än det icke-ideala. Kvinnor uppfattar däremot att det icke-ideala brottsoffret hade utsatts för stalkning i högre utsträckning än det ideala, medan män bedömde motsatsen. Respondenterna ansåg att brottsoffren skulle hantera sin utsatta position genom att bland annat anmäla och kontakta sina närstående. Det övergripande resultatet i studien visar att majoriteten studenter uppfattar stalkning som allvarligt men skillnaden är hur allvarligt respondenterna anser att utsattheten är.

  • 305.
    Afsaneh, Hayat Roshanai
    et al.
    Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Gunnel, Janeslätt
    Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Disability and Habilitation, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden; Center for Clinical Research Dalarna, Uppsala university, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Suzanne, White
    State University of New York Downstate Medical Centre, Brooklyn NY, USA.
    Lidström-Holmqvist, Kajsa
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper. University Health Care Research Centre.
    Time management skills in relation to general self-efficacy and parental sense of competence in individuals with and without cognitive disabilities2019Inngår i: Cogent Psychology, E-ISSN 2331-1908, Vol. 6, nr 1, artikkel-id 1655981Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The aim of the study was to investigate to what extent time management skills are associated with general self-efficacy and parental sense of competence, and if there are any differences between individuals with and without cognitive disabilities in these aspects.

    Material and Methods: The study had a comparative cross-sectional design. Totally 86 individuals with cognitive disabilities (of whom 31 were parents), and 154 without disabilities (of whom 68 were parents) were included (N = 240). The Swedish versions of the Assessment of Time Management Skills (including time management, organisation & planning, and regulation of emotion subscales), General Self-Efficacy, and Parental Sense of Competence scale (including satisfaction, efficacy, and interest subscales) were used to collect data.

    Results: There were significant differences (p < .001) between individuals with and without cognitive disabilities in all three subscales of Assessment of Time Management Skills and in General Self-Efficacy. Overall, individuals with a cognitive disability scored lower than persons without cognitive disabilities. A significant difference was observed between parents in all three subscales of time management skills after controlling for age and education (p < .0005). Parents with cognitive disabilities, compared to parents without cognitive disability, scored significantly lower in all measured scales, except for the interest subscale. In parents with a cognitive disability, there was a significant correlation between all three subscales of Time Management Skills and satisfaction. Among parents without a cognitive disability there was a significant correlation between time management; and organisation & planning subscales; and efficacy, and between General Self-Efficacy and time management.

    Conclusions: Poor time management, planning and organisational skills, as well as a deficit in regulation of emotions may have a negative impact on general self-efficacy and parental sense of competence.

  • 306.
    Afshar, Sara
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Inbyggda system.
    Moghaddami Khalilzad, Nima
    Mälardalens högskola, Inbyggda system.
    Nemati, Farhang
    Mälardalens högskola, Inbyggda system.
    Nolte, Thomas
    Mälardalens högskola, Inbyggda system.
    Resource Sharing among Prioritized Real-Time Applications on Multiprocessors2015Inngår i: ACM SIGBED Review - Special Issue on the 6th International Workshop on Compositional Theory and Technology for Real-Time Embedded Systems Homepage archiveVolume 12 Issue 1, 2015, s. 46-55Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we propose a new protocol for handling resource sharing among prioritized real-time applications composed on a multiprocessor platform. We propose an optimal priority assignment algorithm which assigns unique priorities to the applications based on information in their interfaces. We have performed experimental evaluations to compare the proposed protocol (called MSOS-Priority) to the current state of the art locking protocols under multiprocessor partitioned scheduling, i.e., MPCP, MSRP, FMLP, MSOS, and OMLP. The valuations show that MSOS-Priority mostly performs significantly better than alternative approaches.

  • 307.
    Afshar, Sara
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, Västerås, Sweden.
    Nemati, Farhang
    Mälardalen University, Västerås, Sweden.
    Nolte, Thomas
    Mälardalen University, Västerås, Sweden.
    Resource Sharing under Multiprocessor Semi-Partitioned Scheduling2012Inngår i: 2012 IEEE International Conference on Embedded and Real-Time Computing Systems and Applications: Proceedings, IEEE, 2012, s. 290-299Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Semi-partitioned scheduling has become the subject of recent interest for multiprocessors due to better utilization results, compared to conventional global and partitioned scheduling algorithms. Under semi-partitioned scheduling, a major group of tasks are assigned to fixed processors while a low number of tasks are allocated to more than one processor. Various task assigning techniques have recently been proposed in a semi-partitioned environment. However, a synchronization mechanism for resource sharing among tasks in semi-partitioned scheduling has not yet been investigated. In this paper we propose and evaluate two methods for handling resource sharing under semi-partitioned scheduling in multiprocessor platforms. The main challenge addressed in this paper is to serve the resource requests of tasks that are assigned to different processors.

  • 308.
    Afshar, Sara
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, Västerås, Sweden.
    Nemati, Farhang
    Mälardalen University, Västerås, Sweden.
    Nolte, Thomas
    Mälardalen University, Västerås, Sweden.
    Towards Resource Sharing under Multiprocessor Semi-Partitioned Scheduling2012Inngår i: 7th IEEE International Symposium on Industrial Embedded Systems (SIES'12): Conference Proceedings, IEEE, 2012, s. 315-318Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Semi-partitioned scheduling has been the subject of recent interest, compared with conventional global and partitioned scheduling algorithms for multiprocessors, due to better utilization results. In semi-partitioned scheduling most tasks are assigned to fixed processors while a low number of tasks are split up and allocated to different processors. Various techniques have recently been proposed to assign tasks in a semi-partitioned environment. However, an appropriate resource sharing mechanism for handling the resource requests between tasks in semi-partitioned scheduling has not yet been investigated. In this paper we propose two methods for handling resource sharing under semi-partitioned scheduling in multiprocessor platforms. The main challenge is to handle the resource requests of tasks that are split over multiple processors.

  • 309.
    Afvander, Lina
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för humaniora, utbildning och samhällsvetenskap.
    Förändringar, familjer och feminiteter: Gambiska kvinnors narrativ om stadens sociala liv2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 310.
    AGALOMBA, CHRISTINE AFANDI
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Factors contributing to failure of egovernment projects in developing countries: a literature review2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 311.
    Agalomba, Christine Afandi
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Bakibinga, Stella
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    A Review of Telecentre Literature: Sustainability, Impact and Best practices2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 312.
    Agardh, Carl-David
    et al.
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Ahrén, Bo
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Hanås, Ragnar
    Jansson, Stefan
    Region Örebro län. Örebro universitet, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper. Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Smith, Ulf
    Gothenburg University, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Toft, Eva
    Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Östenson, Claes-Göran
    Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Varning för okritisk användning av överviktskirurgi vid typ 2-diabetes2012Inngår i: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 109, nr 25, s. 1208-1209Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [sv]

    Överviktskirurgi diskuteras nu som ett behandlingsalternativ även för patienter med typ 2-diabetes där BMI inte överstiger nuvarande indikationsgräns 35 kg/m2. Artikelförfattarna vill varna för en sådan utveckling i avvaktan på kritisk värdering av denna typ av kirurgi.

  • 313. Agarwal, Natasha
    et al.
    Lodefalk, Magnus
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Atithi Devo Bhava? (The Guest is Equivalent to God?)2015Inngår i: Observer Research Foundation Issue Brief, nr 91, s. 1-16Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 314.
    Agarwal, Natasha
    et al.
    Indian Institute of Foreign Trade, Dehli, India.
    Lodefalk, Magnus
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Getting more out of India's 'Tourist Visa on Arrival' scheme2015Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    The Government of India has extended the ‘Tourist Visa on Arrival’ scheme - now expected to be renamed 'Visa Online (ETA)' scheme - from five countries in 2010 to 44 countries in 2014. In this article, Natasha Agarwal and Magnus Lodefalk highlight some of the limitations in the design and implementation of the scheme, and make recommendations for maximising its economic benefit and effectiveness.

  • 315. Agarwal, Natasha
    et al.
    Lodefalk, Magnus
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet. Ratio Institute, Sweden.
    Stenberg, Majken
    Ratio Institute, Sweden.
    Tang, Aili
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet. Ratio Institute, Sweden.
    Tano, Sofia
    Swedish Agency for Growth Policy Analysis, Sweden.
    Wang, Zheng
    De Montfort University, Leicester, UK.
    The effects of export credit guarantees on firm performance2019Annet (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 316. Agarwal, Natasha
    et al.
    Lodefalk, Magnus
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet. Ratio, Stockholm, Sweden; Global Labor Organization.
    Tang, Aili
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Tano, Sofia
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet. Growth Analysis, Östersund, Sweden.
    Wang, Zheng
    De Montfort University, Leicester, UK.
    Guaranteed Success?: The Effects of Export Credit Guarantees on Firm Performance2019Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Many countries offer government-backed export credit guarantees to domestic firms. We investigate the effects of such guarantees on firm exports, jobs and value added. Using uniquely detailed and exhaustive transaction-level panel data on guarantees and granular information on trade, exporters and foreign buyers, we perform difference-indifferences matching estimations. We find that guarantees improve firm performance. However, the effects are strikingly heterogeneous across firm size and response variables. Using guarantees increases the firm-destination probability of exporting and the value of exports by 18 and 172 percent, respectively, but does not generally increase jobs or value added. Smaller firms benefit the most in terms of exports. Overall, the evidence suggests a causal link from guarantees to firm export performance.

  • 317.
    Agarwal, Natasha
    et al.
    World Education Foundation, Oslo, Norway.
    Lodefalk, Magnus
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet. Ratio Institute, Sweden.(EFGI).
    Tang, Aili
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet. Ratio Institute, Sweden.(EFGI).
    Tano, Sofia
    Swedish Agency for Growth Policy Analysis, Sweden.(EFGI).
    Wang, Zheng
    Faculty of Business and Law, De Montfort University, Leicester, UK GEP, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK.
    Institutions for Non-Simultaneous Exchange: Microeconomic Evidence from Export Insurance2018Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Information frictions make non-simultaneous exchange risky, particularly across borders. Therefore, many countries insure cross-border exchange. We investigate the effects on firm trade, jobs, value added and productivity, using uniquely detailed, comprehensive and longitudinal transaction-level Swedish data on insurance and granular data on exporters and foreign buyers. For identification, we employ matching and differencein-difference and fuzzy regression discontinuity estimators and exploit a quasi-natural experiment. We find strikingly heterogeneous effects across firm size and response variables. The strongest positive effects are for small traders and new users. Overall, the evidence suggests a causal link from export insurance to firm performance.

  • 318.
    Agborg, Kimberly
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Bestämmande av rättsligt föräldraskap vid surrogatarrangemang2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 319.
    Agborg, Kimberly
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Finns det ett behov av en föräldraskapspresumtion?2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
  • 320.
    Agder, Isabella
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Undervisningens innehåll och elevers lärande - i en skola för alla2020Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 321.
    Age, Lotta
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Hur uppmärksammas barnen?: -En kvalitativ studie om barnperspektivet i handläggningen, vid en enhet för ekonomiskt bistånd2010Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 322.
    Age, Oskar
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Carlsson, Anna
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Larsson-Torri, Emma
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Vad motiverar redovisningsval?: En litteraturgenomgång från millenniumskiftet fram till idag2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 323.
    Ageborg, Emma
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Thorsén, Camilla
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    22 juli 2011, kommer du ihåg den dagen?: Könsskillnader i uppskattning av självförtroende - och event minne för terrorattacken på Utøya, Norge2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 324.
    Agebro, Jessica
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Bergetoft, Fanny
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Sponsring av individuella elitidrottare ur ett företagsperspektiv2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 325.
    Ageland, Hannes
    Örebro universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Tillgänglighet för rullstolsburna: Politik, praktik och vardagsliv. En fallstudie i Örebro2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats är att studera hur man i Örebro arbetar med den fysiska tillgängligheten i staden, och vilka erfarenheter detta arbete har gett. Jag utgår från tre frågor. Hur arbetar man politiskt när det gäller tillgänglighet i Örebro? Hur planerar man praktiskt inom Örebro kommun med frågor kring tillgänglighet i staden? Hur ser rullstolsburna på tillgängligheten i Örebro? För att besvara frågorna studerar jag litteratur och gällande lagar som behandlar ämnet tillgänglighet på olika sätt. Jag genomför även tre intervjuer som jag spelar in med en politiker, en tjänsteman samt en person som är rullstolsburen. Dessa inspelade intervjuer skriver jag rent för att kunna analysera i uppsatsen.

    Utifrån min analys och den litteratur jag studerat kommer jag till slut fram till att det i planeringen av Örebro finns ett samarbete mellan politiker, tjänstemän samt handikapporganisationer. Politiskt arbetas det med att ge direktiv till tjänstemän. Praktiskt handlar det om att tillämpa gällande lagstiftning samt genom praktiska demonstrationer visa hur verkligheten ser ut för handikappade. Rullstolsburna ser tillgänglighet som något som sakta men säkert blir bättre, även om det finns mycket som kan förbättras.

  • 326.
    Agendia, Aloysius
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för humaniora, utbildning och samhällsvetenskap.
    Mass Media and corruption in Cameroon: A study of the press coverage of corruption in The Post and Eden2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
  • 327.
    Agerberg, Emma
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för humaniora, utbildning och samhällsvetenskap.
    Andersson, Hanne
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för humaniora, utbildning och samhällsvetenskap.
    Män för jämställdhet: en fallstudie av en (pro)feministisk mansgrupp år 20102011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 328.
    Agewall, Cecilia
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Sommarström, Julina
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Legitimitet som en nyckel till acceptans: En studie om legitimitetsskapande2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
  • 329.
    Aggerholm, Kenneth
    et al.
    Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway.
    Standal, Øyvind
    Oslo and Akershus University College of Applied Sciences, Oslo, Norway.
    Barker, Dean
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper. Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Larsson, Håkan
    The Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences (GIH), Stockholm, Sweden.
    On Practising in Physical Education: Outline for a pedagogical model2018Inngår i: Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy, ISSN 1740-8989, E-ISSN 1742-5786, Vol. 23, nr 2, s. 197-208Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Models-based approaches to physical education have inrecent years developed as a way for teachers and students toconcentrate on a manageable number of learning objectives, and alignpedagogical approaches with learning subject matter and context. Thispaper draws on Hannah Arendt’s account of vita activa to map existingapproaches to physical education as oriented towards: (a) health andexercise, (b) sport and games, and (c) experience and exploration.Purpose: The aim of the paper is to outline a new pedagogical model forphysical education: a practising model. We argue that the form of humanactivity related to practising is not well represented in existingorientations and models. To sustain this argument, we highlight themost central aspects of practising, and at the same time describe centralfeatures of the model.Relevance and implications: The paper addresses pedagogicalimplications the practising model has for physical education teachers.Central learning outcomes and teaching strategies related to fouressential and ‘non-negotiable’ features of the practising model arediscussed. These strategies are: (1) acknowledging subjectivity andproviding meaningful challenges, (2) focusing on content and the aimsof practising, (3) specifying and negotiating standards of excellence and(4) providing adequate time to practising.Conclusion: The practising model has the potential to inform newperspectives on pedagogical approaches, and renew and improveworking methods and learning practices, in physical education.

  • 330.
    Aghaie Azghandi, Mohammed Ali
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för naturvetenskap och teknik.
    Ahmad, Omar
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för naturvetenskap och teknik.
    Byggföretagens hantering av fuktsäkerhetsprojektering – med fokus på projektörer2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Fuktskador uppstår vanligtvis på grund av felaktig planering, projektering och utförande under hela byggprocessen. Dessa felaktigheter resulterar i stora åtgärdskostnader som kan minimeras eller till och med elimineras om fuktsäkerhetsarbetet är väl genomförd. Projekteringsskedet är ett viktigt skede, där en noggrann och korrekt genomförd fuktsäkerhetsprojektering är av stor betydelse för det försatta fuktsäkerhetsarbetet under byggprocessen. Projektörernas roll i detta skede är att utföra en fuktsäkerhetsprojektering utifrån de ställda kraven från byggherren.  Syftet med detta examensarbete är att ta reda på projektörernas val av metod vid genomförandet av fuktsäkerhetsprojektering och granska om behovet av eventuell kompetensutveckling, inom fukt, bland projektörerna är nödvändig.     De två metoder som har använts för att uppnå syftet i detta examensarbete är intervjuer och litteraturstudier.  Målgruppen i detta examensarbete är byggföretagen i Sverige. Det som granskas är hur de hanterar fuktsäkerhetsarbetet i projekteringsskedet, med fokus på hur fuktsäkerhetsprojekteringen utförs. Av de aktörer som medverkar i projekteringsskedet riktas all fokus på projektörerna.   Tre av fem projektörer är missnöjda med den egna fuktkompetensen vilket överensstämmer med de fuktsakkunnigas uppfattning om projektörernas fuktkompetens. Under intervjuerna har flera fuktsakkunniga påpekat behovet av ökat fuktkompetens bland projektörerna. Den bristande fuktkompetensen leder till att projektörerna inte kan beakta eller upptäcka eventuella fuktrisker vid fuktsäkerhetsprojekteringen. Metod som 80 % av projektörerna tillämpar vid fuktsäkerhetsprojektering är ByggaF metoden. Projektörerna kunskap om ByggaF är fortfarande låg enligt de fuktsakkunniga och av den anledningen kan projektörerna inte tillämpa ByggaF metoden i sin helhet. Kompetens och erfarenhet är de viktigaste faktorerna som en projektör måste ha med sig, för att kunna beakta och upptäcka vad som är fel krävs det kunskap samt erfarenhet om vad som är rätt.        Utifrån responsen från både byggnadsnämnden och deltagarna, framgår det att en granskning av dokumentationen gällande fuktsäkerhetsarbetet inte, alltid, begärs in av byggnadsnämnden.    Slutsatsen är att projektörer måste införskaffa sig kompetens inom fukt och ByggaF metoden.   

  • 331.
    Aghajani, Moji
    et al.
    Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Curium, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, the Netherlands; Leiden Institute for Brain and Cognition (LIBC), Leiden, the Netherlands; Department of Psychiatry, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, the Netherlands.
    Colins, Olivier F.
    Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Curium, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, the Netherlands; Leiden Institute for Brain and Cognition (LIBC), Leiden, the Netherlands; School of Law, Psychology, and Social Work, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
    Klapwijk, Eduard T.
    Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Curium, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, the Netherlands; Leiden Institute for Brain and Cognition (LIBC), Leiden, the Netherlands.
    Veer, Ilya M.
    Division of Mind and Brain Research, Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Charité Universitätsmedizin, Berlin, Germany.
    Andershed, Henrik
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Popma, Arne
    Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, the Netherlands; Faculty of Law, Leiden University, Institute of Criminal Law and Criminology, Leiden, the Netherlands.
    van der Wee, Nic J.
    Leiden Institute for Brain and Cognition (LIBC), Leiden, the Netherlands; Department of Psychiatry, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, the Netherlands.
    Vermeiren, Robert R. J. M.
    Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Curium, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, the Netherlands; Leiden Institute for Brain and Cognition (LIBC), Leiden, the Netherlands.
    Dissociable relations between amygdala subregional networks and psychopathy trait dimensions in conduct-disordered juvenile offenders2016Inngår i: Human Brain Mapping, ISSN 1065-9471, E-ISSN 1097-0193, Vol. 37, nr 11, s. 4017-4033Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Psychopathy is a serious psychiatric phenomenon characterized by a pathological constellation of affective (e.g., callous, unemotional), interpersonal (e.g., manipulative, egocentric), and behavioral (e.g., impulsive, irresponsible) personality traits. Though amygdala subregional defects are suggested in psychopathy, the functionality and connectivity of different amygdala subnuclei is typically disregarded in neurocircuit-level analyses of psychopathic personality. Hence, little is known of how amygdala subregional networks may contribute to psychopathy and its underlying trait assemblies in severely antisocial people. We addressed this important issue by uniquely examining the intrinsic functional connectivity of basolateral (BLA) and centromedial (CMA) amygdala networks in relation to affective, interpersonal, and behavioral traits of psychopathy, in conduct-disordered juveniles with a history of serious delinquency (N = 50, mean age = 16.83 ± 1.32). As predicted, amygdalar connectivity profiles exhibited dissociable relations with different traits of psychopathy. Interpersonal psychopathic traits not only related to increased connectivity of BLA and CMA with a corticostriatal network formation accommodating reward processing, but also predicted stronger CMA connectivity with a network of cortical midline structures supporting sociocognitive processes. In contrast, affective psychopathic traits related to diminished CMA connectivity with a frontolimbic network serving salience processing and affective responding. Finally, behavioral psychopathic traits related to heightened BLA connectivity with a frontoparietal cluster implicated in regulatory executive functioning. We suggest that these trait-specific shifts in amygdalar connectivity could be particularly relevant to the psychopathic phenotype, as they may fuel a self-centered, emotionally cold, and behaviorally disinhibited profile.

  • 332.
    Aghanavesi, Somayeh
    et al.
    Department of Computer Engineering, Dalarna University, Borlänge, Sweden.
    Bergquist, Filip
    Department of Pharmacology, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Gothenburg University, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Nyholm, Dag
    Department of Neuroscience, Neurology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Senek, Marina
    Department of Neuroscience, Neurology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Memedi, Mevludin
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Motion sensor-based assessment of Parkinson's disease motor symptoms during leg agility tests: results from levodopa challenge2020Inngår i: IEEE journal of biomedical and health informatics, ISSN 2168-2194, E-ISSN 2168-2208, Vol. 24, nr 1, s. 111-118Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Parkinson's disease (PD) is a degenerative, progressive disorder of the central nervous system that mainly affects motor control. The aim of this study was to develop data-driven methods and test their clinimetric properties to detect and quantify PD motor states using motion sensor data from leg agility tests. Nineteen PD patients were recruited in a levodopa single dose challenge study. PD patients performed leg agility tasks while wearing motion sensors on their lower extremities. Clinical evaluation of video recordings was performed by three movement disorder specialists who used four items from the motor section of the Unified PD Rating Scale (UPDRS), the treatment response scale (TRS) and a dyskinesia score. Using the sensor data, spatiotemporal features were calculated and relevant features were selected by feature selection. Machine learning methods like support vector machines (SVM), decision trees and linear regression, using 10-fold cross validation were trained to predict motor states of the patients. SVM showed the best convergence validity with correlation coefficients of 0.81 to TRS, 0.83 to UPDRS #31 (body bradykinesia and hypokinesia), 0.78 to SUMUPDRS (the sum of the UPDRS items: #26-leg agility, #27-arising from chair and #29-gait), and 0.67 to dyskinesia. Additionally, the SVM-based scores had similar test-retest reliability in relation to clinical ratings. The SVM-based scores were less responsive to treatment effects than the clinical scores, particularly with regards to dyskinesia. In conclusion, the results from this study indicate that using motion sensors during leg agility tests may lead to valid and reliable objective measures of PD motor symptoms.

  • 333.
    Aghanavesi, Somayeh
    et al.
    Computer Engineering, School of Technology and Business Studies, Borlänge, Dalarna University, Sweden.
    Bergquist, Filip
    Dept. of Pharmacology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Nyholm, Dag
    Dept. of Neuroscience, Neurology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Senek, Marina
    Dept. of Neuroscience, Neurology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Memedi, Mevludin
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Objective assessment of Parkinson’s disease motor symptoms during leg agility test using motion sensors2018Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Title: Objective assessment of Parkinson’s disease motor symptoms during leg agility test using motion sensors

    Objective: To develop and evaluate machine learning methods for assessment of Parkinson’s disease (PD) motor symptoms using leg agility (LA) data collected with motion sensors during a single dose experiment.

    Background: Nineteen advanced PD patients (Gender: 14 males and 5 females, mean age: 71.4, mean years with PD: 9.7, mean years with levodopa: 9.5) were recruited in a single center, open label, single dose clinical trial in Sweden [1].

    Methods: The patients performed up to 15 LA tasks while wearing motions sensors on their foot ankle. They performed tests at pre-defined time points starting from baseline, at the time they received a morning dose (150% of their levodopa equivalent morning dose), and at follow-up time points until the medication wore off. The patients were video recorded while performing the motor tasks. and three movement disorder experts rated the observed motor symptoms using 4 items from the Unified PD Rating Scale (UPDRS) motor section including UPDRS #26 (leg agility), UPDRS #27 (Arising from chair), UPDRS #29 (Gait), UPDRS #31 (Body Bradykinesia and Hypokinesia), and dyskinesia scale. In addition, they rated the overall mobility of the patients using Treatment Response Scale (TRS), ranging from -3 (very off) to 3 (very dyskinetic). Sensors data were processed and their quantitative measures were used to develop machine learning methods, which mapped them to the mean ratings of the three raters. The quality of measurements of the machine learning methods was assessed by convergence validity, test-retest reliability and sensitivity to treatment.

    Results: Results from the 10-fold cross validation showed good convergent validity of the machine learning methods (Support Vector Machines, SVM) with correlation coefficients of 0.81 for TRS, 0.78 for UPDRS #26, 0.69 for UPDRS #27, 0.78 for UPDRS #29, 0.83 for UPDRS #31, and 0.67 for dyskinesia scale (P<0.001). There were good correlations between scores produced by the methods during the first (baseline) and second tests with coefficients ranging from 0.58 to 0.96, indicating good test-retest reliability. The machine learning methods had lower sensitivity than mean clinical ratings (Figure. 1).

    Conclusions: The presented methodology was able to assess motor symptoms in PD well, comparable to movement disorder experts. The leg agility test did not reflect treatment related changes.

  • 334.
    Aghanavesi, Somayeh
    et al.
    Computer Engineering, School of Technology and Business Studies, Dalarna University, Borlänge, Sweden.
    Filip, Bergquist
    Dept. of Pharmacology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenbrug, Sweden.
    Nyholm, Dag
    Dept. of Neuroscience, Neurology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Senek, Marina
    Dept. of Neuroscience, Neurology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Memedi, Mevludin
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Feasibility of a multi-sensor data fusion method for assessment of Parkinson’s disease motor symptoms2018Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Title: Feasibility of a multi-sensor data fusion method for assessment of Parkinson’s disease motor symptoms

    Objective: To assess the feasibility of measuring Parkinson’s disease (PD) motor symptoms with a multi-sensor data fusion method. More specifically, the aim is to assess validity, reliability and sensitivity to treatment of the methods.

    Background: Data from 19 advanced PD patients (Gender: 14 males and 5 females, mean age: 71.4, mean years with PD: 9.7, mean years with levodopa: 9.5) were collected in a single center, open label, single dose clinical trial in Sweden [1].

    Methods: The patients performed leg agility and 2-5 meter straight walking tests while wearing motion sensors on their limbs. They performed the tests at baseline, at the time they received the morning dose, and at pre-specified time points until the medication wore off. While performing the tests the patients were video recorded. The videos were observed by three movement disorder specialists who rated the symptoms using a treatment response scale (TRS), ranging from -3 (very off) to 3 (very dyskinetic). The sensor data consisted of lower limb data during leg agility, upper limb data during walking, and lower limb data during walking. Time series analysis was performed on the raw sensor data extracted from 17 patients to derive a set of quantitative measures, which were then used during machine learning to be mapped to mean ratings of the three raters on the TRS scale. Combinations of data were tested during the machine learning procedure.

    Results: Using data from both tests, the Support Vector Machines (SVM) could predict the motor states of the patients on the TRS scale with a good agreement in relation to the mean ratings of the three raters (correlation coefficient = 0.92, root mean square error = 0.42, p<0.001). Additionally, there was good test-retest reliability of the SVM scores during baseline and second tests with intraclass-correlation coefficient of 0.84. Sensitivity to treatment for SVM was good (Figure 1), indicating its ability to detect changes in motor symptoms. The upper limb data during walking was more informative than lower limb data during walking since SVMs had higher correlation coefficient to mean ratings.  

    Conclusions: The methodology demonstrates good validity, reliability, and sensitivity to treatment. This indicates that it could be useful for individualized optimization of treatments among PD patients, leading to an improvement in health-related quality of life.

  • 335.
    Aghanavesi, Somayeh
    et al.
    School of Technology and Business Studies, Computer Engineering, Dalarna University, Falun, Sweden.
    Memedi, Mevludin
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Dougherty, Mark
    School of Technology and Business Studies, Computer Engineering, Dalarna University, Falun, Sweden.
    Nyholm, Dag
    Department of Neuroscience, Neurology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Westin, Jerker
    School of Technology and Business Studies, Computer Engineering, Dalarna University, Falun, Sweden.
    Verification of a Method for Measuring Parkinson’s Disease Related Temporal Irregularity in Spiral Drawings2017Inngår i: Sensors, ISSN 1424-8220, E-ISSN 1424-8220, Vol. 17, nr 10, artikkel-id 2341Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a progressive movement disorder caused by the death of dopamine-producing cells in the midbrain. There is a need for frequent symptom assessment, since the treatment needs to be individualized as the disease progresses. The aim of this paper was to verify and further investigate the clinimetric properties of an entropy-based method for measuring PD-related upper limb temporal irregularities during spiral drawing tasks. More specifically, properties of a temporal irregularity score (TIS) for patients at different stages of PD, and medication time points were investigated. Nineteen PD patients and 22 healthy controls performed repeated spiral drawing tasks on a smartphone. Patients performed the tests before a single levodopa dose and at specific time intervals after the dose was given. Three movement disorder specialists rated videos of the patients based on the unified PD rating scale (UPDRS) and the Dyskinesia scale. Differences in mean TIS between the groups of patients and healthy subjects were assessed. Test-retest reliability of the TIS was measured. The ability of TIS to detect changes from baseline (before medication) to later time points was investigated. Correlations between TIS and clinical rating scores were assessed. The mean TIS was significantly different between healthy subjects and patients in advanced groups (p-value = 0.02). Test-retest reliability of TIS was good with Intra-class Correlation Coefficient of 0.81. When assessing changes in relation to treatment, TIS contained some information to capture changes from Off to On and wearing off effects. However, the correlations between TIS and clinical scores (UPDRS and Dyskinesia) were weak. TIS was able to differentiate spiral drawings drawn by patients in an advanced stage from those drawn by healthy subjects, and TIS had good test-retest reliability. TIS was somewhat responsive to single-dose levodopa treatment. Since TIS is an upper limb high-frequency-based measure, it cannot be detected during clinical assessment.

  • 336.
    Aghanavesi, Somayeh
    et al.
    Computer Engineering, School of Technology and Business Studies, Dalarna University, Borlänge, Sweden.
    Memedi, Mevludin
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Westin, Jerker
    Computer Engineering, School of Technology and Business Studies, Dalarna University, Borlänge, Sweden.
    Measuring temporal irregularity in spiral drawings of patients with Parkinson’s disease2017Inngår i: Abstracts of the 21st International Congress of Parkinson's Disease and Movement Disorders, John Wiley & Sons, 2017, Vol. 32, s. s252-s252, artikkel-id 654Konferansepaper (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: The aim of this work is to evaluate clinimetric properties of a method for measuring Parkinson’s disease (PD) upper limb temporal irregularities during spiral drawing tasks.

    Background: Basal ganglia fluctuations of PD patients are associated with motor symptoms and relating them to objective sensor-based measures may facilitate the assessment of temporal irregularities, which could be difficult to be assessed visually. The present study investigated the upper limb temporal irregularity of patients at different stages of PD and medication time points.

    Methods: Nineteen PD patients and 22 healthy controls performed repeated spiral drawing tasks on a smartphone. Patients performed the tests before a single levodopa dose and at specific time intervals after the dose was given. Three movement disorder specialists rated the videos of patients' performance according to six items of UPDRS-III, dyskinesia (Dys), and Treatment Response Scale (TRS). A temporal irregularity score (TIS) was developed using approximate entropy (ApEn) method. Differences in mean TIS between two groups of patients and healthy subjects, and also across four subject groups: early, intermediate, advanced patients and, healthy subjects were assessed. The relative ability of TIS to detect changes from baseline (no medication) to later time points when patients were on medication was assessed. Correlations between TIS and clinical rating scales were assessed by Pearson correlation coefficients and test-retest reliability of TIS was measured by intra-class correlation coefficients (ICC).

    Results: The mean TIS was significantly different between healthy subjects and patients (P<0.0001). When assessing the changes in relation to treatment, clinical-based scores (TRS and Dys) had better responsiveness than TIS. However, the TIS was able to capture changes from Off to On, and the wearing off effects. Correlations between TIS and clinical scales were low indicating poor validity. Test-retest reliability correlation coefficient of the mean TIS was good (ICC=0.67).

    Conclusions: Our study found that TIS was able to differentiate spiral drawings drawn by patients from those drawn by healthy subjects. In addition, TIS could capture changes throughout the levodopa cycle.TIS was weakly correlated to clinical ratings indicating that TIS measures high frequency upper limb temporal irregularities that could be difficult to be detected during clinical observations.

  • 337.
    Aghanavesi, Somayeh
    et al.
    Computer Engineering, School of Technology and Business Studies, Dalarna University, Falun, Sweden.
    Nyholm, Dag
    Dept. of Neuroscience, Neurology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Senek, Marina
    Dept. of Neuroscience, Neurology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Bergquist, Filip
    Dept. of Pharmacology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Memedi, Mevludin
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet. Computer Engineering, School of Technology and Business Studies, Dalarna University, Falun, Sweden.
    A smartphone-based system to quantify dexterity in Parkinson's disease patients2017Inngår i: Informatics in Medicine Unlocked, ISSN 2352-9148, Vol. 9, s. 11-17Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives

    The aim of this paper is to investigate whether a smartphone-based system can be used to quantify dexterity in Parkinson's disease (PD). More specifically, the aim was to develop data-driven methods to quantify and characterize dexterity in PD.

    Methods

    Nineteen advanced PD patients and 22 healthy controls participated in a clinical trial in Uppsala, Sweden. The subjects were asked to perform tapping and spiral drawing tests using a smartphone. Patients performed the tests before, and at pre-specified time points after they received 150% of their usual levodopa morning dose. Patients were video recorded and their motor symptoms were assessed by three movement disorder specialists using three Unified PD Rating Scale (UPDRS) motor items from part III, the dyskinesia scoring and the treatment response scale (TRS). The raw tapping and spiral data were processed and analyzed with time series analysis techniques to extract 37 spatiotemporal features. For each of the five scales, separate machine learning models were built and tested by using principal components of the features as predictors and mean ratings of the three specialists as target variables.

    Results

    There were weak to moderate correlations between smartphone-based scores and mean ratings of UPDRS item #23 (0.52; finger tapping), UPDRS #25 (0.47; rapid alternating movements of hands), UPDRS #31 (0.57; body bradykinesia and hypokinesia), sum of the three UPDRS items (0.46), dyskinesia (0.64), and TRS (0.59). When assessing the test-retest reliability of the scores it was found that, in general, the clinical scores had better test-retest reliability than the smartphone-based scores. Only the smartphone-based predicted scores on the TRS and dyskinesia scales had good repeatability with intra-class correlation coefficients of 0.51 and 0.84, respectively. Clinician-based scores had higher effect sizes than smartphone-based scores indicating a better responsiveness in detecting changes in relation to treatment interventions. However, the first principal component of the 37 features was able to capture changes throughout the levodopa cycle and had trends similar to the clinical TRS and dyskinesia scales. Smartphone-based scores differed significantly between patients and healthy controls.

    Conclusions

    Quantifying PD motor symptoms via instrumented, dexterity tests employed in a smartphone is feasible and data from such tests can also be used for measuring treatment-related changes in patients.

  • 338.
    Aghanavesi, Somayeh
    et al.
    Department of Computer Engineering, Dalarna University, Falun, Sweden.
    Westin, Jerker
    Department of Computer Engineering, Dalarna University, Falun, Sweden.
    Bergquist, Filip
    Department of Pharmacology at Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Nyholm, Dag
    Department of Neuroscience, Neurology at Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Askmark, Håkan
    Department of Neuroscience, Neurology at Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Aquilonius, Sten Magnus
    Department of Neuroscience, Neurology at Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Constantinescu, Radu
    Department of Clinical Neuroscience, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Medvedev, Alexander
    Department of Information Technology, at Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Spira, Jack
    Sensidose AB, Sollentuna, Sweden.
    Ohlsson, Fredrik
    Department of Sensor Systems at Acreo Swedish ICT, Kista, Sweden.
    Thomas, Ilias
    Department of Statistics, Dalarna University, Falun, Sweden.
    Ericsson, Anders
    Department of Clinical Neuroscience and Rehabilitation, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Johansson Buvarp, Dongni
    Irisity AB, Gothenburg.
    Memedi, Mevludin
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    A multiple motion sensors index for motor state quantification in Parkinson's disease2020Inngår i: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine, ISSN 0169-2607, E-ISSN 1872-7565Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: To construct a Treatment Response Index from Multiple Sensors (TRIMS) for quantification of motor state in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) during a single levodopa dose. Another aim was to compare TRIMS to sensor indexes derived from individual motor tasks.

    Method: Nineteen PD patients performed three motor tests including leg agility, pronation-supination movement of hands, and walking in a clinic while wearing inertial measurement unit sensors on their wrists and ankles. They performed the tests repeatedly before and after taking 150% of their individual oral levodopa-carbidopa equivalent morning dose.Three neurologists blinded to treatment status, viewed patients’ videos and rated their motor symptoms, dyskinesia, overall motor state based on selected items of Unified PD Rating Scale (UPDRS) part III, Dyskinesia scale, and Treatment Response Scale (TRS). To build TRIMS, out of initially 178 extracted features from upper- and lower-limbs data, 39 features were selected by stepwise regression method and were used as input to support vector machines to be mapped to mean reference TRS scores using 10-fold cross-validation method. Test-retest reliability, responsiveness to medication, and correlation to TRS as well as other UPDRS items were evaluated for TRIMS.

    Results: The correlation of TRIMS with TRS was 0.93. TRIMS had good test-retest reliability (ICC=0.83). Responsiveness of the TRIMS to medication was good compared to TRS indicating its power in capturing the treatment effects. TRIMS was highly correlated to dyskinesia (R = 0.85), bradykinesia (R=0.84) and gait (R=0.79) UPDRS items. Correlation of sensor index from the upper-limb to TRS was 0.89.

    Conclusion: Using the fusion of upper- and lower-limbs sensor data to construct TRIMS provided accurate PD motor states estimation and responsive to treatment. In addition, quantification of upper-limb sensor data during walking test provided strong results.

  • 339.
    Aginger, Joel
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Svenska historieläroböckers skildring av kvinnor och män under 1800-talet -En läroboksanalys av historieläroböcker författade åren 1967 och 20112019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 340.
    Agirman, Narsima
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Far, Elin
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Hedersrelaterat våld/förtryck Socialarbetarnas egna uplevelser om vilka svårigheter de möter i arbetet med hedersrelaterat våld/förtryck2012Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 341.
    Agneklev, Ulrica
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Hälsoakademin.
    Byström Utterheim, Inga-Lisa
    Örebro universitet, Hälsoakademin.
    Fysisk aktivitet hos personer som fått diagnosen transitorisk ischemisk attack (TIA) - behov av sjukgymnastråd2009Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie var att beskriva hur fysiskt aktiva personer som fått diagnosen TIA var. Frågeställningarna rörde vilka aktiviteter studiedeltagarna ägnade sig åt, hur de upplevde sin hälsa, begränsande faktorer, eventuell förändring av aktivitetsvanor, samt om deltagarna fått råd om fysisk aktivitet. Som metod valdes enkätundersökning och 195 enkäter skickades till personer som sökt Universitetssjukhuset Örebro 2007 och fått diagnosen TIA. Resultat: Svarsfrekvensen, efter externt och internt bortfall, blev 74 %. Mer än hälften av de 144 studiedeltagarna var fysiskt aktiva mindre än 30 minuter/dag. Den vanligaste aktiviteten var promenader, vilket 72 % ägnade sig åt. Yngre personer ägnade sig oftare åt tre eller fler aktiviteter jämfört med äldre personer. De deltagare som var regelbundet fysiskt aktiva skattade sin hälsa som god till utmärkt, medan de med stillasittande fritid skattade sin hälsa som någorlunda eller dålig. De mest begränsande faktorerna var sjukdom och smärta. Av studiedeltagarna uppgav 98 personer att de inte fått råd om fysisk aktivitet och hälften av deltagarna hade inte förändrat sina aktivitetsvanor. Slutsats: Studien visar att många personer som fått diagnosen TIA är fysiskt inaktiva. Begränsande faktorer, som, sjukdom, smärta och hög ålder, medför att råd om fysisk aktivitet bör vara individanpassade. Att ge råd om fysisk aktivitet på lämplig nivå, utifrån den enskilde personens förutsättningar är ett centralt kunskapsområde för sjukgymnaster. Därför bör dessa patienter ges möjlighet att träffa sjukgymnast.

  • 342.
    Agnesdotter, Malin
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Pedagogiska institutionen.
    Söderlind, Anette
    Örebro universitet, Pedagogiska institutionen.
    Utomhuspedagogik: pedagogers syn på utomhuspedagogik2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning

    Syftet med föreliggande uppsats är att belysa vilken betydelse pedagoger inom förskola och skola anser att utomhuspedagogik har för barns lärande och utveckling.

    Vidare är syftet att orientera om hur och varför pedagoger inom förskola och skola använder utomhuspedagogik. Två olika frågeställningar ligger som till grund för vår uppsats.

    Dessa är:

    Vad anser pedagoger inom förskola och skola om betydelsen av utomhuspedagogik för barns lärande och utveckling?

    Hur använder pedagoger inom förskola och skola utomhuspedagogik och varför?

    För att nå syftet har vi valt att genomföra en kvalitativ intervjustudie. Vi har intervjuat fem olika pedagoger på två olika skolor och två olika förskolor. Dessa förskolor/skolor ligger i Mellansverige och närheten till naturen ser olika ut vid dessa förskolor och skolor.

    Efter genomförda intervjuer kan vi se att pedagogernas syn på utomhuspedagogik är mycket positiv och att de flesta pedagoger använder sig av utomhuspedagogik i någon utsträckning. Pedagogerna anser att utomhuspedagogiken ger barnet en större möjlighet att uppleva med flera sinnen samt att det kan vara bra för barn som är lite oroliga inomhus och behöver röra på sig för att lära. Vi kan även se att förskolorna använder sig av utomhuspedagogik i större utsträckning än vad man gör i skolan.

  • 343.
    Agneson, Henry
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Lundberg, Sara
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Von Bothmer, Henrik
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Hållbarhetsredovisning i svenska företag - En branschspecifik studie2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 344.
    Agnew, Louise
    et al.
    Division of Physiotherapy, School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia.
    Johnston, Venerina
    Division of Physiotherapy, School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia.
    Ludvigsson, Maria Landen
    Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden; Rehab Väst, County Council of Östergötland, Motala, Sweden.
    Peterson, Gunnel
    Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden; Centre for Clinical Research Sörmland, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Overmeer, Thomas
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap och medicin. School of Health Care and Social Welfare, Mälardalen University, Västerås, Sweden.
    Johansson, Gun
    Institute of Environmental Medicine, Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Peolsson, Anneli
    Division of Physiotherapy, School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia; Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Factors associated with work ability in patients with chronic whiplash-associated disorder grade II-III: a cross-sectional analysis2015Inngår i: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, ISSN 1650-1977, E-ISSN 1651-2081, Vol. 47, nr 6, s. 546-551Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: To investigate the factors related to self-perceived work ability in patients with chronic whiplash-associated disorder grades II-III.

    Design: Cross-sectional analysis.

    Patients: A total of 166 working age patients with chronic whiplash-associated disorder.

    Methods: A comprehensive survey collected data on work ability (using the Work Ability Index); demographic, psychosocial, personal, work- and condition-related factors. Forward, stepwise regression modelling was used to assess the factors related to work ability.

    Results: The proportion of patients in each work ability category were as follows: poor (12.7%); moderate (39.8%); good (38.5%); excellent (9%). Seven factors explained 65% (adjusted R-2 = 0.65, p < 0.01) of the variance in work ability. In descending order of strength of association, these factors are: greater neck disability due to pain; reduced self-rated health status and health-related quality of life; increased frequency of concentration problems; poor workplace satisfaction; lower self-efficacy for performing daily tasks; and greater work-related stress.

    Conclusion: Condition-specific and psychosocial factors are associated with self-perceived work ability of individuals with chronic whiplash-associated disorder.

  • 345.
    Agné, Olivia
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Hansson, Amanda
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Riskfaktorer till våldsbrott -En systematisk litteraturstudie om sociala riskfaktorer till våldsbrottslighet bland ungdomar 2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien är en systematisk litteraturöversikt vars syfte är att med utgångspunkt i tidigare forskning, sammanställa och beskriva den forskning som undersöker sociala riskfaktorer till ungdomars våldsbrottslighet. Detta för att skapa en tydlighet över de sociala riskfaktorerna samt att förstå hur sociala riskfaktorer kan ge utfallet våldsbrottslighet bland ungdomar. Totalt har 15 internationella studier av kvantitativ karaktär inkluderats i litteraturöversikten. All data har sammanställts och strukturerats upp i en tabell. Resultatet har därefter tematiserats utifrån dess nyckelfynd i en tematisk analys. För en fördjupad förståelse har resultatet också analyserats utifrån social inlärningsteori och anknytningsteorin. Resultat visar att de mest frekventa sociala riskfaktorerna finns inom familj- och uppväxt, skola- och umgänge och grannskap. Av dessa kategorier har familj och uppväxt framkommit som den mest betydande sociala riskfaktorn till ungdomars våldsbrottslighet, vilket framförallt avser fysiskt och psykiskt våld, försummelse, sexuella övergrepp eller andra brister i omvårdnaden under barndomen. Detta förklaras genom att individer, som under barndomen, vistats i en utsatt miljö tenderar att observera och efterlikna omgivningens beteende och därmed själv utveckla ett normbrytande och våldsamt beteende i ungdomsåren. Sammanfattningsvis har det framkommit att kontextuella förhållanden har en stor inverkan på utvecklandet av ungdomars våldsbrottslighet. Det har också framkommit att riskfaktorer är komplexa och samspelar på olika nivåer och förstärker effekterna av varandra, vilket medför en svårighet att förutse dess utfall.

  • 346.
    Agovic, Irma
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap och medicin.
    Svensson, Stina
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap och medicin.
    Samverkan genom Barnahus: En undersökning kring arbete med barnmisshandel2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 347.
    Agovic, Sabina
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Sundin, Gabrielle
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    POLITISKT DELTAGANDE -En kvantitativ studie om resurser, motivation och nätverks effekter på individers politiska deltagande i Sverige2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This essay studies what affects individual’s political participation in Sweden. Specifically, it

    examines what affects resources, motivation and networks has on individual’s political

    participation and if these effects have a greater or lesser impact during election year compared

    to non- election year. The study applies the civic voluntarism model as theory. According to

    the theory, individuals who are more motivated and have a good access to resources and

    networks participate more in politics. This study relies on a quantitative method completed

    with a logistic regressions analysis and the empirical data used was obtained from SOMinstitute,

    Gothenburg University. Our research concluded that individuals with more access to

    resources, networks and high political motivation are more likely to participate in the politics

    of Sweden. Furthermore, the study revealed that effects of motivation and network has a

    stronger impact on individual’s political participation in Sweden under election year compared

    to non-election year.

  • 348.
    Agrawal, Vikas
    et al.
    IBM Research, , India.
    Archibald, Christopher
    Mississippi State University, Starkville, United States.
    Bhatt, Mehul
    University of Bremen, Bremen, Germany.
    Bui, Hung Hai
    Laboratory for Natural Language Understanding, Sunnyvale CA, United States.
    Cook, Diane J.
    Washington State University, Pullman WA, United States.
    Cortés, Juan
    University of Toulouse, Toulouse, France.
    Geib, Christopher W.
    Drexel University, Philadelphia PA, United States.
    Gogate, Vibhav
    Department of Computer Science, University of Texas, Dallas, United States.
    Guesgen, Hans W.
    Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand.
    Jannach, Dietmar
    Technical university Dortmund, Dortmund, Germany.
    Johanson, Michael
    University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada.
    Kersting, Kristian
    Fraunhofer-Institut für Intelligente Analyse- und Informationssysteme (IAIS), Sankt Augustin, Germany; The University of Bonn, Bonn, Germany.
    Konidaris, George
    Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge MA, United States.
    Kotthoff, Lars
    INSIGHT Centre for Data Analytics, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland.
    Michalowski, Martin
    Adventium Labs, Minneapolis MN, United States.
    Natarajan, Sriraam
    Indiana University, Bloomington IN, United States.
    O’Sullivan, Barry
    INSIGHT Centre for Data Analytics, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland.
    Pickett, Marc
    Naval Research Laboratory, Washington DC, United States.
    Podobnik, Vedran
    Telecommunication Department of the Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Computing, University of University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia.
    Poole, David
    Department of Computer Science, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.
    Shastri, Lokendra
    Infosys, , India.
    Shehu, Amarda
    George Mason University, Washington, United States.
    Sukthankar, Gita
    University of Central Florida, Orlando FL, United States.
    The AAAI-13 Conference Workshops2013Inngår i: The AI Magazine, ISSN 0738-4602, Vol. 34, nr 4, s. 108-115Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The AAAI-13 Workshop Program, a part of the 27th AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence, was held Sunday and Monday, July 14-15, 2013, at the Hyatt Regency Bellevue Hotel in Bellevue, Washington, USA. The program included 12 workshops covering a wide range of topics in artificial intelligence, including Activity Context-Aware System Architectures (WS-13-05); Artificial Intelligence and Robotics Methods in Computational Biology (WS-13-06); Combining Constraint Solving with Mining and Learning (WS-13-07); Computer Poker and Imperfect Information (WS-13-08); Expanding the Boundaries of Health Informatics Using Artificial Intelligence (WS-13-09); Intelligent Robotic Systems (WS-13-10); Intelligent Techniques for Web Personalization and Recommendation (WS-13-11); Learning Rich Representations from Low-Level Sensors (WS-13-12); Plan, Activity,, and Intent Recognition (WS-13-13); Space, Time, and Ambient Intelligence (WS-13-14); Trading Agent Design and Analysis (WS-13-15); and Statistical Relational Artificial Intelligence (WS-13-16)

  • 349.
    Agrell, Christina
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Larsson, Sofia
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Edvardsson, Bo
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Beskrivningar av pojkar och flickor i sociala utredningar i LVU-ärenden1997Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet är att undersöka om det finns skillnader i hur pojkar och flickor beskrivs i barnavårdsutredningar. De senaste 26 LVU-fallen från två kammarrätter och sju länsrätter, räknat från den 1 oktober 1997 och bakåt granskades, 13 ärenden med pojkar och 13 med flickor. Uppdelning skedde i miljöfall och beteendefall. Ett flertal skillnader mellan könen kan konstateras. Exempelvis beskrivs pojkar som aggressiva och hotfulla och som en fara för andra. Flickor beskrivs som farliga för sig själva. I miljöfallen beskrivs flickorna som rädda, ledsna och oroliga. I samtliga utredningar förekommer inga eller ytterst få situationsbeskrivningar kopplade till de personbeskrivande orden. 

  • 350.
    Agstam, Mikael
    Örebro universitet, Musikhögskolan.
    Alexanderteknik för emotionellt uttryck i musik: Alexanderteknik som metod för en effektiv spelteknik, och en tillfredsställande musikalisk framställning riktat huvudsakligen till den klassiska gitarristen2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    In this essay, I want to achieve an accessible and applicable entrance to Alexander Technique as a method for learning to use the body in such a way as to allow emotional expression in music. It is necessary to see the real need of Alexander Technique for the active musician, and therefore important components of music-making will be presented. These components are presented from an Alexander-perspective in order to produce a clear picture of the method of application.The prerequisite for emotional expression in music is musicians and music listeners with the ability to generate, and respond after emotional impressions. Alexander Technique provides an approach to make it easier for musicians, especially guitarists, to express emotions in a performance situation.After years of practice and obtaining musical knowledge and practical skills at the instrument, it is common that muscle tension and ingrained patterns contribute to limited expression. Muscle tensions arising from pressured situations such as auditions, competitions and concerts. Repetitive movements contribute to this, and lays the foundation for an insufficient technique. It is clear that traditional learning methods need to be complemented with an approach that treats body awareness as an essential part of musical performances. The notion that the use of the body affects mental states is now a truism, and one can see an opening towards new approaches that facilitate learning as well as performance of musical works. The emotional expression is in focus here, and this study deals with musical production based on the philosophy that music should be driven by decisions involving emotional expression.

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