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  • 301.
    Clausen, Marianne
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Handlingsbarheten hos informationssystem: en fallstudie av SJ:s bokningssystem2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 302.
    Clevestam, Ann
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Jensen, Lena
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Information, kommunikation och delaktighet vid organisationsförändringar: - en processutvärdering inför bildandet av en ny basenhet i Landstinget Västmanland2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 303.
    Conradsson, Robert
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Enock, Markus
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Användbarheten hos Blackboard2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 304.
    Coskun, Sofia
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Hanouch, Jannet
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    ÖrebroBostäder AB: - ett varumärke med en profil till olika bostadsområden2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 305.
    Criscuolo, Chiara
    et al.
    Centre for Economic Perfomance, London School of Economics, London, UK.
    Hagsten, Eva
    Statistics Sweden.
    Hanley, Aoife
    Nottingham University Business School, Nottingham, UK.
    Karpaty, Patrik
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Svanberg, Stefan
    Statistics Sweden.
    Offshoring and productivity: The case of Ireland, Sweden and the United Kingdom2008Inngår i: Staying Competitive in the Global Economy: Compendium of Studies on Global Value Chains, Paris: OECD Publishing, 2008, s. 201-217Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyses the relationship between offshoring of services and total factor productivity across three different OECD countries: Ireland, Sweden and the United Kingdom. Offshoring activity is widely believed to play an important role for firm productivity due to the fragmentation of the production process across countries when there are differences in the relative endowments of skilled and unskilled labour and of technology. The paper firstly shows that offshoring firms tend to be more labour productive, are larger, pay higher wages and are more likely to be multinational and foreign-owned. Secondly, there appears to be some suggestive evidence of a positive relationship between offshoring and firm productivity although the statistical and/or economic significance of this relationship is not very strong across the three countries. One possible explanation is the small time horizon over which our analysis span.

  • 306.
    Dag, Clemens
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Dag, Maria
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    En studie om hur Westinghouse hanterar och kommunicerar issues2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 307.
    Dahlberg, Annika
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Auktioner av statsskuldsväxlar och räntebildning2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 308.
    Dahlberg, Annika
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Har EMU lett tillökad prisstabilitet inom Euroområdet?2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 309.
    Dahlström, Martin
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Lindholm, Joakim
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Svahn, Therése
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Finansiell kris - då och nu: En jämförelse mellan företag vid tre olika finansiella kriser2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 310.
    Dahlström, Martin
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Swahn, Therése
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Revisionspliktens eventuella avskaffande: ur banken synvinkel2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 311.
    dahlström, Mattias
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Karlsson, Alexander
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Att förstå ett skoföretags produktionsplanering samt de krav som ställs på denna typ av verksamhet: En fallstudie på Arbesko2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
  • 312.
    Dalesjö, Emma
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Jansson, Annelie
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Nuhic, Jasmina
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    En studie om skillnader mellan reviderade och oreviderade hållbarhetsredovisningar: - en textanalys2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Background: In recent years the demand for sustainability reports has increased. One of the guidelines for sustainability reports is the GRI and the majority of Swedish companies follow these. A lot of firms make use of sustainability reports and some of them have also decided to verify them. Audit of sustainability reports are not statutory. Many researchers believe that the audit should be performed as this gives a reliability of the reports. However, companies do not consider themselves to know what the audit provides to the value of the company.                                          

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to explore how sustainability is affected by the audit practice, since this seems to be a difficulty to companies.

    Method: The survey was done through a text analysis of sustainability reports. Four companies reports have been examined from the year they were not audited to the year they were. Text analysis has been done through a comparison of how the principles of GRI have met the various years. To do the comparison, the tests per principles were modified and applied to the various sustainability reports.

    Conclusions: A clear distinction exists between the audited and unaudited sustainability reports. GRI's principles are better met in the audited sustainability report. There is more information presented in the audited reports and above all the principles of timeliness, clarity and accuracy are improved by the assurance.Through this the reliability of the sustainability report increases.

  • 313.
    Damberg, Petter
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Gullnäs, Alexander
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Hedging av flygbränsle: En undersökning av den nordiska flygindustrin2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 314. Danielson, Mats
    et al.
    Ekenberg, Love
    Grönlund, Åke
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Åström, Joachim
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Towards interactive public decisions: connecting participatory processes and institutional contexts2008Inngår i: Collaboration and the knowledge economy: issues, applications, case studies : volym 1 / [ed] Paul Cunningham, Miriam Cunningham, Amsterdam: IOS Press , 2008, s. 345-350Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 315. Danielsson, Christina Bodin
    et al.
    Bodin, Lennart
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Difference in satisfaction with office environment among employees in different office types2009Inngår i: Journal of Architectural and Planning Research, ISSN 0738-0895, Vol. 26, nr 3, s. 241-257Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Differences between office types may have an influence on the employees' satisfaction and psychological responses with respect to different aspects of the office environment. For this study, 469 employees rated their perceptions of and satisfaction with the office environments of seven different office types, which were classified as cell-office, shared-room office, small open-plan office, medium open-plan office, large open-plan office, flex-office, and combi-office. Three domains of environmental factors were analyzed: (1) ambient factors, (2) noise and privacy, and (3) design-related factors. Employee responses were evaluated using multivariate logistic and Poisson regression., Adjustments were made for potential confounders such as age, gender job rank, and line of business. Substantial differences between employees in different office types were found The analysis of frequencies in complaints within the three domains shows that noise and privacy is the domain that causes the most dissatisfaction among office employees. Cell-office employees are most satisfied with the physical environment overall, followed by those in flex-office. However the results for cell-office are not uniformly best, since they score low with regard to the social aspects of design-related factors and, in particular on support of affinity. The most dissatisfaction is reported in medium and large open-plan offices, where the complaints about noise and lack of privacy are especially negative. Architectural and functional features of the offices are discussed as the main explanatory factors for these results.

  • 316.
    Danielsson, Frida
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Welin, Anna
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Bistånd och policy: -Påverkas tillväxt?2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 317.
    Dehghan, Armin
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Jansson, Erik
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Radovan, Mikael
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Företagsnamnets inverkan på existerande och potentiella kunder: en fallstudie inom konsult & utbildningsbranschen2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 318.
    Demissie, Meaza
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Mascialino, Barbara
    Calza, Stefano
    Pawitan, Yudi
    Unequal group variances in microarray data analyses2008Inngår i: Bioinformatics, ISSN 1367-4803, E-ISSN 1367-4811, Vol. 24, nr 9, s. 1168-1174Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Motivation: In searching for differentially expressed (DE) genes in microarray data, we often observe a fraction of the genes to have unequal variability between groups. This is not an issue in large samples, where a valid test exists that uses individual variances separately. The problem arises in the small-sample setting, where the approximately valid Welch test lacks sensitivity, while the more sensitive moderated t-test assumes equal variance. Methods: We introduce a moderated Welch test (MWT) that allows unequal variance between groups. It is based on (i) weighting of pooled and unpooled standard errors and (ii) improved estimation of the gene-level variance that exploits the information from across the genes. Results: When a non-trivial proportion of genes has unequal variability, false discovery rate (FDR) estimates based on the standard t and moderated t-tests are often too optimistic, while the standard Welch test has low sensitivity. The MWT is shown to (i) perform better than the standard t, the standard Welch and the moderated t-tests when the variances are unequal between groups and (ii) perform similarly to the moderated t, and better than the standard t and Welch tests when the group variances are equal. These results mean that MWT is more reliable than other existing tests over wider range of data conditions. Availability: R package to perform MWT is available at http://www.meb.ki.se/similar to yudpaw Contact: yudi.pawitan@ki.se Supplementary information: Supplementary data are available at Bioinformatics online.

  • 319.
    Denk, Thomas
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Hedström, Karin
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Karlsson, Fredrik
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Medborgarna och automatiserat beslutsfattande2019Inngår i: Storm och Stiltje: SOM-institutets 74:e forskarantologi / [ed] Ulrika Andersson, Björn Rönnerstrand, Patrik Öhberg och Annika Bergström, Göteborg: SOM-institutet , 2019, 1, s. 183-196Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    I allt större utsträckning införs automatiserat beslutsfattande i offentlig sektor. Det innebär att datorer ersätter handläggare som beslutsfattare. Flera av de ärenden som avgörs med automatiserat beslutsfattande berör medborgarna. Detta kapitel undersöker om medborgarna är medvetna om denna förändring och hur de tror att besluten förändras när datorer ersätter handläggare som beslutsfattare. Resultaten visar att det är en minoritet (20 procent) som har kännedom sedan tidigare om automatiserat beslutsfattande i offentlig sektor. En majoritet tror att besluten förvisso blir mer opartiska när datorer istället för handläggare fattar beslut, men inte att besluten blir mer tillförlitliga. De tror också att automatiska beslut kommer att ta mindre hänsyn till människornas situation och minska insynen i beslutsfattandet. De som har kännedom om automatiserat beslutsfattande är mer positiva när det gäller beslutens opartiskhet och tillförlitlighet, men anser i samma utsträckning som de utan kännedom att besluten medför mindre hänsynstagande till människors situation och minskad insyn i beslutsfattandet.

  • 320.
    Destici, David
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Bilgic, Maria
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Alp, Melek
    Bilden av civilekonomers professionella identitet: ur studenternas perspektiv2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to see what is to describe the image of business students professional identity, and if the image changes during business students first and fourth year of the education, and in that case how such a change is depending on. In the study factors such as economic, non-economic background has been taken into consideration as well as cultural artifacts.The study was conducted based on a qualitative method used as the basis for the quantitative method, which was conducted in the form of a questionnaire. To prove if there is a change among the students the questionnaire was given to first year students as well as fourth year students at Orebro University. In this way the authors could easily tell if they had the same image or if it has changed during the education.The results of the surveys are presented in different graphs which were analyzed based on the theories that were used. The result shows that the characteristic of business student professional identity is a well-dressed man that is associated to financing questions. There is a different image between first and fourth year students, which shows that the social environment and pre-knowledge are significant factors.

  • 321.
    Dhillon, Gurpreet
    et al.
    University of North Carolina, Greensboro, USA .
    Karlsson, FredrikÖrebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.Hedström, KarinÖrebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.Zúquete, AndréUniversity of Aveiro, Aveiro, Portugal .
    ICT Systems Security and Privacy Protection2019Konferanseproceedings (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 322. Dhillon, Gurpreet
    et al.
    Kolkowska, Ella
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Can a cloud be really secure?: a Socratic dialogue2011Inngår i: Computers, privacy and data protection: an element of choice / [ed] Serge Gutwirth, Yves Poullet, Paul De Hert, Ronald Leenes, Berlin: Springer, 2011, s. 345-360Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 323.
    Diaz Zamora, Lorenzo
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Chile, Vings nya sol- och baddestination?2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 324.
    Didier Mpah, Nde Jacob
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Computerized ID cards and passports in Cameroon: What the police identification department perceive of the system2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 325.
    Didier Mpah, Nde Jacob
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    E-Registration in Cameroon´s Electoral Process2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 326.
    Ding, Shutong
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Restrictions on Calibrated Weights2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
  • 327.
    Dizdarevic, Almira
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Uveby, Mikaela
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Nourbehesht, Shadi
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Revisionsbyråernas syn på jävsregeln i Aktiebolagslagen2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Title: Accounting firms´ view on the (new law) in joint-stock companies

    Course: Business Administration, Financial Accounting in Corporations and Groups, Ad-vanced Course, 15 ECTS

    Authors: Mikaela Uveby, Shadi Nourbehesht, Almira Dizdarevic

    Advisor: Kent Trosander

    Problem: During the last few years, more importance and emphasis has been put on auditors and accounting in general due to a number of company and business scandals on both national and international levels. The United States as well as the EU consid-ered it a necessity to make regulations stricter when it comes to auditing and ac-counts in order to increase the public trust to accounting. At January 1st, 2007, Sweden also changed its law concerning accounting firm challenges. The new law states that as soon as someone of the auditor’s co-workers assists a client with some part of the basic bookkeeping, the main bookkeeping or the drawing-up of the an-nual account, the challenge situation becomes a fact.

    Purpose: The purpose of the essay is to examine and inquire into how the renewed law con-cerning accounting firm challenges, that was established and put to action at Janu-ary 1st, 2007, has affected accounting firms.

    Method: The writers have chosen to complete qualitative interviews in order to get a deeper insight to and an understanding of the topic.

    Conclusion: One year after the renewal of the law, the writers have reached the conclusion of that the new law has not had a great impact on the accounting firms. There are laws, rules and controls that the auditor has to adjust his work to and these are enough to keep the high level of capacity and quality that is required and do not depend on the accounting itself. As a result of the renewal of the law, the costs will increase for the clients while the charge per hour for the firms will remain the same regardless of whether it is a private or a combination assignment.

  • 328.
    Dizdarevic, Emir
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Halilovic, Sadmir
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Hur kan elektroniska marknadsplatser anpassas för att underlätta integrering med leverantörernas interna informationssystem?2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Elektronisk handel (e-handel) mellan företag ofta kallad B2B är ingen ny företeelse. Olika företag har genom åren investerat mycket i att automatisera sina interna processer, som har lett till stora effektivitetsbesparingar. Med hjälp av teknikens framfart fick man också möjligheter att utbyta information automatiskt mellan olika företag. Systemintegration kan ses ur ett tekniskt perspektiv och ur ett affärsprocessperspektiv . Det tekniska perspektivet inriktar sig på databaser och tekniker medan affärsprocessperspektivet fokuserar på de processer som utförs i en verksamhet. Informationssystem kombinerar ihop dessa två perspektiv genom att agera medlare och genom att underlätta användning av informationen. Med utveckling av informationsteknologin i dagens samhälle där uttryck som bland annat "ökad affärsnytta" och "effektivitet" allt oftare används anser vi att integrering av informationssystem både inom och utanför organisationer kommer utvecklas mer och mer. Syftet med denna undersökning är att ta reda på vad det är som driver leverantörer att använda integrerade lösningar samt vad som stimulerar dem att vara ansluta till inköpsorienterade elektroniska marknadsplatser överhuvudtaget. Meningen med att få svar på dessa frågor är att kunna se vilka anpassningsmöjligheter det finns för att systemintegration ska underlättas. För denna studie har en kvalitativ fallstudie på elektroniska marknadsplatsen Visma Proceedo genomförts med 5 stycken intervjuer. En intervju har genomförts med operatören och 4 med leverantörer som har integrerat sina system med Visma Proceedo. Vi har kommit fram till att det som stimulerar leverantörer att vara anslutna till en inköpsorienterad elektronisk marknadsplats är säkring av fortsatt handel med stora kunder samt det som driver dem att integrera interna informationssystem med en sådan marknadsplats är ökad verksamhetsnytta. Vi har upptäckt att dessa marknadsplatser kan anpassas genom att följa branschledande standarder och genom att automatisera funktionen för presentation av leverantörernas produkter.

  • 329.
    Djup, Sara
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Uveby, Mikaela
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Effektiviteten av intern kontroll och internrevision: en fallstudie ur fyra styrelseledamöters perspektiv2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 poäng / 22,5 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    As a result of a series of corporate scandals in recent years, interest in internal control and internal audit has increased in companies. The introduction of the Swedish code of corporate governance led to tougher demands on internal control for the Swedish stock exchange quoted companies and a greater responsibility for the Board. When liability is increased for the Board, internal controls also need to be more efficient and benefits need to exceed the costs.   

    This thesis aims to contribute knowledge about the internal controls and internal audits adaptation and efficiency for the Board in Swedish listed companies. It also seeks to identify what affects the design of internal control and internal audit in these companies.

    To fulfill the thesis purpose, case studies have been conducted with four Swedish listed companies in various industries, Lindab, Enea, Swedbank and Swedish match. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with a Board member in each company, which together with each company’s financial statement constitutes the thesis empirical data. These interviews gave us a deeper understanding for the problem when the participants had the opportunity to discuss around the asked questions.

    The thesis concludes that all participants believe that internal control and internal audit is an effective instrument for both the Board and the company. Effective internal control increases shareholders confidence and helps the company to detect deficiencies in time. The results have also shown that only company’s size and environmental uncertainty affects the structure of internal controls.     

  • 330.
    Djup, Sara
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Westberg, Karolina
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Revisionspliktens avskaffande: En undersökning ur Skatteverkets och konkursförvaltarnas perspektiv2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 331.
    Dovresjö, Sebastian
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Nord, Johan
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Västra stadsdelen i Örebro: - En beskrivning av handelsklimatet och ett underlag för förändring2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 332.
    Dovresjö, Viktor
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Gudmundsson, Jakob
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Jansson, Lisa
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Processdesign för effektiv cash management: - en illustrativ studie av företaget Röhnisch2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 333.
    Duracak, Dinka
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Sjudin, Fredrik
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Suljanovic, Oliver
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Aktieindexobligationer: - Ett bra placeringsalternativ2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 334.
    Duracak, Dinka
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Suljanovic, Oliver
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    VD-ersättning inom finansbranschen för åren 2000-20082010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 335.
    Dzaferovic, Edin
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Jakobov, Önay
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Information Security Awareness: A Comparison between Now and Before2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 336.
    Edström, Ann-Catrin
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Soron, Irene
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Föregångare inom hållbarhetsredovisning i Sverige: En studie av vilken information som lämnas i de ledande företagens rapporter 2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) has expanded from being a corporate environmental responsibility to also comprise an economic and social responsibility in the society where the company acts. The expression CSR may seem vague as there exist no definition of what should or should not be included in this voluntary work of sustainability companies are expected to perform. Triple Bottom Line, developed by Elkington, is a theory that marks out the three parts, namely economic, environmental and social responsibility, that forms the foundation for a common set of regulations, G3 from The Global Reporting Initiative, for sustainability reporting.

    The research within this area is somewhat ambiguous and it is not necessarily easy to find what characterizes a good sustainability report. This leads to a situation where the actual reports of today have great impact on the progression of others in terms of inspiration and example.

    This study aims to analyze a set of leading sustainability reports in terms of content and balance between the three parts, economic, environmental and social responsibility. The selection of reports is based on positive feedback and attention within the frame of reference selected for this study.

    The three parts have by all been reported yet not necessarily in the actual sustainability report. The part that gained primary attention was environment, followed by social and finally the economical responsibility, which contradicts the theory in which all shall gain equal attention. Within this study it has also been concluded that a stakeholders dialog is a sections given great room by all companies. As a result of these findings the authors have chosen to revise Elkington’s TBL-model to better fit the companies’ sustainability reports including also the stakeholder dialog.

  • 337.
    Edsö, Axel
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Kihlgren, Staffan
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    TES: Planering inom hemtjänstan i Katrineholms kommun2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 338.
    Edvinsson, Christian
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Andersson, Conny
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    INTERAKTION I EN VIRTUELL GRUPP: gapet i det normbildande ramverket2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The existence of social networks on the Internet is today seen as broad, and the number of users of the network is increasing. There seems to be many reasons to which people are using the social networks. Within the network, users can for various reasons create groups with different objectives. One of the reasons is that groups are created in order to influence a company. With a perceived feeling that companies handle the problem differently, we assume the source is the uncertainty about what the groups really are. As part of understanding what is happening within the groups we ask ourselves how individuals within a particular group express themselves and how they influence each other.

    We intend to study how group members uses rhetorical arguments to influence each other, if there is any difference between men and women in the way they use the arguments, and how the group's purpose, policies and standards are reflected in the interaction. Our object of study is a group within the social network Facebook, where we chose to analyze a part of the group’s discussions by using a text analytical method. The study showed that a majority of members in our sample have a purpose to influence others. The result also shows that arguments that aim at logical thinking and common sense are most prevalent. But our results also show that a difference exists between men and women in the use of rhetorical arguments. As a conclusion we see that the ambiguity that the group’s policies and standards express actually reflects in the way the members express themselves.

  • 339.
    Edvinsson, Olof
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Johansson, Staffan
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Medberg, Gustav
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    "Kinas affärskultur - ur ett svenskt managementperspektiv"2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 340.
    Edvinsson, Olof
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Önnerdal, Sara
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Styrning med belöningssystem kopplat till balanserat styrkort: En fallstudie inom banksektorn2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 341.
    Efica, Elma
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Hannason, Daniella
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Problemet bakom den svaga responsen av K2-regelverket: utifrån ett organisationsteoretiskt perspektiv2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This study intends to explain the problem with the implementation of new Swedish accounting rules called K2. The rules are simplifications of the general accounting rules and the purpose is to make it easier for small companies to account. Despite this, few small companies have adopted the rules. This study seeks to explain the weak response to the K2-rules using institutional theory.

    The research objects of this study are Burger King, McDonald’s and two audits and accountants. The data is collected through telephone interviews and interviews where we visited the respondents. The interviews were semi-structured and the questions were designed so that the respondents were able to speak free. The collected data were related to the institutional theory to seek dependent variables who can explain the weak response of K2.

    The conclusion is that small companies are dependent of auditors and accountants when it comes to accounting. They lack knowledge about accounting, instead they purchase the service externally. The audits and accountants are in turn affected by the public opinion of K2 and they have trouble to depart from previous learning from the educational system. The explanation to the weak response of K2 is that small companies are dependent of audits and accountants who have a negative attitude towards K2 because of its illegitimacy.

  • 342.
    Eftekhari, Ramin
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Vilken betydelse har ålder för motivation?: En studie av Länsförsäkringar Bank Bergslagen2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 343.
    Egowan, Ritah Ejeckenbe
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Assessing e-services from a user perspective: A study of the Swedish electronic tax declaration.2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    E-services including electronic tax declaration are becoming trendy in Sweden. Many resources are invested in their development but evaluation from user’s perspective is limited. Sweden has big plans to become the leading internet nation by 2015. Are citizens opinion taken into consideration during such initiatives? Are the citizens satisfied with the e-services they have in place? With a sample size of 90, this paper studies the e-tax system in Sweden from six information system success variables.  The DeLone and &McLean IS success model was adopted to analyze the research question “What is the user’s perception of electronic tax declaration in Sweden”.  Perception in this paper means physical impression interpreted in the light of experience. Online survey method was applied and results revealed that all six variables were successful. Time factor, security concerns and convenience influence e-service usage.  Elderly exclusion, adaptability and language barriers were the major problems with the e-tax system. On a whole, this paper aims at providing general contributions to e-service research in the future.

  • 344.
    Ehnar, Hanna
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Jungbeck, Therese
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Äre företagens belöningssystem redo för Generation X intåg på arbetsmarknaden?: -En fallstudie på företagen Skanska AB och Scania2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 345.
    Ehrin, Emma
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Guanxi: Kinas svar på västerländsk relationsmarknadsföring2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 346.
    Ekblad, Kristin
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Sickness absence and peer effects: evidence from a Swedish municipality2007Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we use detailed employment records to study to what extent sickness absence among work group colleagues influences individual sickness absence. Our results indicate an overall positive peer effect. However, further analysis show peer behavior to be important for women’s sickness absence, but not for men’s, and that woman are only affected by their female co-workers. Our findings also suggest that it, on average, takes two to three years for a new employee to become influenced by the absence pattern of the work group. In light of our results, we cannot rule out the possibility of social norms being important to the individual sick leave decision.

  • 347.
    Ekblad, Kristin
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Bokenblom, Mattias
    Sickness absence and local cultures2010Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Sickness absence rates vary substantially across geographical areas in Sweden. There exist striking differences in absence patterns between southern and northern counties as well as between rural and urban areas. Some of the observed differentials have been suggested in the literature to be caused by differences in local norms regarding the legitimacy of living of benefits. The aim of our study is to investigate the effect of geographical and presumed cultural context on sickness absence. The effect is identified and measured by comparing the outcome of sickness related absences for individuals that move across clusters of municipalities to the outcome on individuals that move within clusters. Our results suggests that individuals that move from a cluster of municipality with high (low) rates of sickness absence to clusters with low (high) rates have a larger (smaller) change over time of their sickness related absence compared to individuals that move within the original region.

  • 348.
    Ekblad, Kristin
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Bokenblom, Mattias
    Sickness absence and local cultures2011Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 349.
    Ekblad, Kristin
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Bokenblom, Mattias
    Working conditions, absence ande gender: a multilevel study2010Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we use data that combines employment records with employee survey responses to study to what extent psychosocial working conditions, measured at the work group level, relate to individual short-term and long-term sick leave. In order to take interdependencies of workers and work groups into consideration we use multilevel modeling as our modeling strategy. Our results suggest that in order to reduce the number of spells of short-term sick leave (shirking), employers should increase the worker’s job autonomy. This is particularly important for male workers. In addition, increasing work group cohesion is important in order to reduce the number of women being on long-term sick leave.

  • 350.
    Ekdahl, Hanna
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Karlsson, Sara
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Styrning av leverantörer i etiska frågor2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Problem och syfte: Syftet är att beskriva hur företag använder styrmekanismer för att styra leverantörer som ska omfattas av företagets etiska riktlinjer, för att på så sätt säkerställa att de etiska normerna genomsyrar hela värdekedjan. Detta görs i syfte att skapa en modell som steg för steg tydliggör styrmekanismernas användning och koppling till ett system för verksamhetsstyrning. Syftet är även att beskriva den betydelse som relationen mellan företaget och dess leverantör har för styrmekanismernas användning. Frågan är av intresse då företagets ansvar i etiska frågor verkar sträcka sig längre än bara inom den egna organisationen. Många företag har fått sitt rykte skadat av handlingar som vidtagits av leverantörer längre tillbaka i värdekedjan, vilket har medfört att företag i ökande omfattning använder sig av exempelvis uppförandekoder för att styra leverantörer i etiska frågor.

    Metod: Utifrån den teoretiska referensramen har en analysmodell bestående av tre steg i ett system för verksamhetsstyrning utvecklats. Genom intervjuer med tre företag har mekanismer för att styra leverantörerna i etiska frågor identifierats, vilka senare kopplas till analysmodellen. Användningen av dessa mekanismer har klassificerats som diagnostisk eller interaktiv. Likheter och skillnader i användningen av styrmekanismer har härletts till företagens relation med sina leverantörer.

    Slutsats: Samtliga studerade företag använder styrmekanismer som kan kopplas till de tre stegen i verksamhetsstyrningen. Styrmekanismerna som avser specificera och kommunicera mål samt kontrollera och mäta utförandet används främst diagnostiskt. Den styrmekanism som kopplas till incitament används främst interaktivt.

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