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  • 301.
    Braunerhjelm, Pontus
    et al.
    The Industrial Institute for Economic and Social Research (IUI), Stockholm, Sweden.
    Johansson, Dan
    Research Institute of Industrial Economics, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Förstudie kring svenskt näringslivs anpassningsförmåga vid säkerhetspolitiskt betingade kriser1998Ingår i: Civil beredskap: Risk, kris, säkerhet och sårbarhet i samhället – sammanställning av 1997 års forskardagar / [ed] Löfstrand, Carola, Stockholm: Överstyrelsen för civil beredskap , 1998, s. 158-192Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 302.
    Breznik, Alexander
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Lönnquist, Anders
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Portfolio selection based on volatility forecasting: DCC MGARCH (1,1) prediction with monthly and weekly portfolio rebalancing2017Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 303.
    Breznik, Alexander
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Lönnquist, Anders
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Stadsbuss istället för bil vid arbetsresor?: En contingent valuation studie som undersöker bilisters betalningsvilja för arbetsresor med stadsbuss inom Örebro kommun 2015Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 304.
    Brinkander, Daniel
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    The Role of R&D Spending in Firm Growth: a Pan-European Study for the Post-Recession Years2017Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 305. Bruyninckx, Tim
    et al.
    Hultkrantz, Lars
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Willems, Tom
    Smarter investments in transport infrastructure: Involving the private sector for more efficiency2020Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 306. Brännlund, Runar
    et al.
    Holst Volden, GroHultkrantz, LarsÖrebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.Karlström, UrbanNyström, JohanStatens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut (VTI), Linköping, Sverige.Owen Jansson, JanVredin, Anders
    Investeringar in blanco?: en ESO-rapport om behovet av infrastruktur2013Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Refereegranskat)
  • 307.
    Bäckström, Hanna
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Torki, Viktoria
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Experiment i upprepade spel: Fångarnas dilemma2019Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 308.
    Bångman, Gunnel
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, statistik och informatik.
    Equity in welfare evaluations: the rationale for and effects of distributional weighting2006Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis addresses the issue of weighted cost-benefit analysis (WCBA). WCBA is a welfare evaluation model where income distribution effects are valued by distributional weighting. The method was developed already in the 1970s. The interest in and applications of this method have increased in the past decade, e.g. when evaluating of global environmental problems. There are, however, still unsolved problems regarding the application of this method. One such issue is the choice of the approach to the means of estimating of the distributional weights. The literature on WCBA suggests a couple of approaches, but gives no clues as to which one is the most appropriate one to use, either from a theoretical or from an empirical point of view. Accordingly, the choice of distributional weights may be an arbitrary one. In the first paper in this thesis, the consequences of the choice of distributional weights on project decisions have been studied. Different sets of distributional weights have been compared across a variety of strategically chosen income distribution effects. The distributional weights examined are those that correspond to the WCBA approaches commonly suggested in literature on the topic. The results indicate that the choice of distributional weights is of importance for the rank of projects only when the income distribution effects concern target populations with low incomes. The results also show that not only the mean income but also the span of incomes, of the target population of the income distribution effect, affects the result of the distributional weighting when applying very progressive non-linear distributional weights. This may cause the distributional weighting to indicate an income distribution effect even though the project effect is evenly distributed across the population.

    One rational for distributional weighting, commonly referred to when applying WCBA, is that marginal utility of income is decreasing with income. In the second paper, this hypothesis is tested. My study contributes to this literature by employing stated preference data on compensated variation (CV) in a model flexible as to the functional form of the marginal utility. The results indicate that the marginal utility of income decreases linearly with income.

    Under certain conditions, a decreasing marginal utility of income corresponds to risk aversion. Thus the hypothesis that marginal utility of income is decreasing with income can be tested by analyses of individuals’ behaviour in gambling situations. The third paper examines of the role of risk aversion, defined by the von Neumann-Morgenstern expected utility function, for people’s concern about the problem of ‘sick’ buildings. The analysis is based on data on the willingness to pay (WTP) for having the indoor air quality (IAQ) at home examined and diagnosed by experts and the WTP for acquiring an IAQ at home that is guaranteed to be good. The results indicate that some of the households are willing to pay for an elimination of the uncertainty of the IAQ at home, even though they are not willing to pay for an elimination of the risks for building related ill health. The probability to pay, for an elimination of the uncertainty of the indoor air quality at home, only because of risk aversion is estimated to 0.3-0.4. Risk aversion seems to be a more common motive, for the decision to pay for a diagnosis of the IAQ at home, among young people.

    Another rationale for distributional weighting, commonly referred to, is the existence of unselfish motives for economic behaviour, such as social inequality aversion or altruism. In the fourth paper the hypothesis that people have altruistic preferences, i.e. that they care about other people’s well being, is tested. The WTP for a public project, that ensures good indoor air quality in all buildings, have been measured in three different ways for three randomly drawn sub-samples, capturing different motives for economic behaviour (pure altruism, paternalism and selfishness). The significance of different questions, and different motives, is analysed using an independent samples test of the mean WTPs of the sub-samples, a chi-square test of the association between the WTP and the sample group membership and an econometric analysis of the decision to pay to the public project. No evidence for altruism, either pure altruism or paternalism, is found in this study.

    Delarbeten
    1. The choice of distributional weights and project decisions
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>The choice of distributional weights and project decisions
    (Engelska)Manuskript (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Samhällsvetenskap Nationalekonomi
    Forskningsämne
    Nationalekonomi
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-3047 (URN)
    Tillgänglig från: 2006-02-17 Skapad: 2006-02-17 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-10-18Bibliografiskt granskad
    2. Marginal utility of income estimated on stated preference data
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Marginal utility of income estimated on stated preference data
    (Engelska)Manuskript (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Samhällsvetenskap Nationalekonomi
    Forskningsämne
    Nationalekonomi
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-3048 (URN)
    Tillgänglig från: 2006-02-17 Skapad: 2006-02-17 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-10-18Bibliografiskt granskad
    3. Risk aversion and concerns about the problems of sick buildings
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Risk aversion and concerns about the problems of sick buildings
    (Engelska)Manuskript (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Samhällsvetenskap Nationalekonomi
    Forskningsämne
    Nationalekonomi
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-3049 (URN)
    Tillgänglig från: 2006-02-17 Skapad: 2006-02-17 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-10-18Bibliografiskt granskad
    4. Motive for valuing good indoor air quality: altruism or self-interest?
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Motive for valuing good indoor air quality: altruism or self-interest?
    (Engelska)Manuskript (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Samhällsvetenskap Nationalekonomi
    Forskningsämne
    Nationalekonomi
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-3050 (URN)
    Tillgänglig från: 2006-02-17 Skapad: 2006-02-17 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-10-18Bibliografiskt granskad
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 309.
    Bångman, Gunnel
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, statistik och informatik.
    Marginal utility of income estimated on stated preference dataManuskript (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 310.
    Bångman, Gunnel
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, statistik och informatik.
    Motive for valuing good indoor air quality: altruism or self-interest?Manuskript (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 311.
    Bångman, Gunnel
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, statistik och informatik.
    Risk aversion and concerns about the problems of sick buildingsManuskript (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 312.
    Bångman, Gunnel
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, statistik och informatik.
    The choice of distributional weights and project decisionsManuskript (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 313.
    Börjesson, Maria
    et al.
    Centrum för transportstudier (CTS), Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan, Stockholm, Sverige.
    Nilsson, Jan-Eric
    VTI- infrastrukturinvesteringar, Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan, Stockholm, Sverige.
    Flam, Harry
    Institutet för internationell ekonomi, Stockholms universitet, Stockholm, Sverige.
    Hultkrantz, Lars
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Kågeson, Per
    Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan, Stockholm, Sverige.
    Stoppa Ostlänken nu!: Debatt2016Ingår i: Dagens IndustriArtikel, recension (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 314.
    Börjesson, Maria
    et al.
    Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan, Stockholm, Sverige.
    Nilsson, Jan-Eric
    Transportekonomi (TEK), Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut (VTI), Linköping, Sverige.
    Hultkrantz, Lars
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Kågeson, Per
    Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan, Stockholm, Sverige.
    Flam, Harry
    Stockholms universitet, Stockholm, Sverige.
    Stoppa Ostlänken nu!2016Ingår i: Dagens Industri, ISSN 0346-640X, nr 3 augustiArtikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 315.
    Calson Öhman, Frida
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Nyberg, Jenny
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Genderskillnader inom humankapital: En empirisk studie om hur ökad kvinnlig utbildning påverkar BNP per capita2016Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Genderskillnader inom humankapital
  • 316.
    Calson Öhman, Oscar
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Modigs, Martin
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Svenska inflationsprognoser: En jämförande studie av VAR-modeller2017Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Svenska inflationsprognoser: En jämförande studie av VAR-modeller
  • 317.
    Calson-Öhman, Oscar
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Med Likviditet som riskfaktor: En studie om likviditets inverkan på förväntad aktieavkastning2020Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 318.
    Carbone, Enrica
    et al.
    Univ Campania Luigi Vanvitelli, Dept Polit Sci Jean Monnet, Caserta, Italy..
    Dixit, Vinayak V.
    Univ New South Wales, Sch Civil & Environm Engn, Sydney, NSW, Australia..
    Rutström, Elisabet
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet. Georgia State Univ, Ctr Econ Anal Risk, Atlanta, GA 30309 USA.;Orebro Univ, Dept Econ, Orebro, Sweden.;Univ Cape Town, Dept Econ, Rutstrom, South Africa..
    Should I stay or should I go? Congestion pricing and equilibrium selection in a transportation network2022Ingår i: Theory and Decision, ISSN 0040-5833, E-ISSN 1573-7187, nr 93, s. 535-562Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    When imposing traffic congestion pricing around downtown commercial centers, there is a concern that commercial activities will have to consider relocating due to reduced demand, at a cost to merchants. Concerns like these were important in the debates before the introductions of congestion charges in both London and Stockholm and influenced the final policy design choices. This study introduces a sequential experimental game to study reactions to congestion pricing in the commercial sector. In the game, merchants first make location choices. Consumers, who drive to do their shopping, subsequently choose where to shop. Initial responses to the introduction of congestion pricing and equilibrium selection adjustments over time are observed. These observations are compared to responses and adjustments in a condition where congestion pricing is reduced from an initially high level. Payoffs are non-linear and non-transparent, making it less than obvious that the efficient equilibrium will be selected, and introducing possibilities that participants need to discover their preferences and anchor on past experiences. We find that initial responses reflect standard inverse price-demand relations, and that adjustments over time rely on signaling by consumers leading to the efficient equilibrium. There is also evidence that priming from initial experiences influence play somewhat. We confirm that commercial activities relocate following the introduction of congestion pricing and that the adjustment process is costly to merchants.

  • 319.
    Carlsson, Anna
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Holm, Jonas
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Is there a long-run relationship between stock prices and economic activity and are stock returns a leading indicator for economic growth?: Evidence from the Scandinavian countries: Sweden, Norway and Denmark2021Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is twofold. First, the Johansen cointegration framework is applied to analyze the long-run relationship between stock prices and economic activity, using GDP as a proxy. In consideration of a long-run relationship a vector error correction model (VECM) is estimated to analyze the parameters of cointegration. Secondly, the paper proceeds by estimating a vector autoregressive model (VAR) in order to analyse the relationship between stock returns and economic growth, measured as GDP-growth, and its dynamics. Further, a Granger-causality framework is adopted along with a recursive forecast framework to investigate if stock returns improve the forecast of economic growth. These analyses are carried out for Sweden, Norway and Denmark using a time period ranging from 1996Q1 to 2020Q1.

    Evidence from the Johansen cointegration framework verifies a long-run relationship between stock prices and economic activity in Sweden, which supports that dividends, on average, grow with economic activity over time. However, results provide no evidence of a long-run relationship in Norway and Denmark. Furthermore, results from the Granger-causality framework verifies that stock returns are a significant explanatory variable for economic growth in all countries. Despite this, the recursive forecast framework shows that the VAR-model, which in addition to GDP-growth also includes stock returns, does not improve the forecast of economic growth in comparison to an AR(1)-benchmark model including only GDP-growth. Further, the trivariate VAR-model, which incorporates not only GDP-growth and stock returns but also yield spread, shows similar results, hence it cannot outperform the benchmark model.

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  • 320.
    Carlsson, Anna
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Nowak, Weronika
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Existerar Phillipskurvan?2019Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 321. Carlén, Björn
    et al.
    Hultkrantz, Lars
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Liu, Xing
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Lunander, Anders
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Mandell, Svante
    Transportekonomi (TEK), Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, Linköping, Sweden.
    Mellin, Anna
    Havs- och vattenmyndigheten, Göteborg, Sverige.
    Nilsson, Jan-Eric
    Transportekonomi, TEK, Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, Linköping, Sverige .
    Pyddoke, Roger
    Transportekonomi, TEK, Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, Linköping, Sverige .
    Sorkina, Edith
    Göteborgs universitet, Göteborg, Sverige.
    Vierth, Inge
    Transportekonomi, TEK, Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, Linköping, Sverige .
    Landbaserade godstransporter, klimat och styrmedel: underlagsrapporter 1-102014Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    VTI notat 28-2014 innehåller de tio underlagsrapporter som ligger till grund för VTI rapport 831: ”Landbaserade godstransporter, klimat och styrmedel – Sammanfattande rapport”. I VTI rapport 831 diskuterar forskarna flera dimensioner av hur växthusgaserna från godstransportsektorn ska kunna minskas, till exempel med hjälp av så kallade Gröna korridorer. Vidare diskuteras hur man ska se på de klimatpolitiska konsekvenserna av överflyttning från väg till järnväg eller elektrifierade fordon på väg.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 322.
    Casarini Wall, Daniel
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Kostnadsnyttoanalys över Sveriges plankorsningar: En analys över Trafikverkets regeringsuppdrag 2019–20242021Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 323.
    Casarini Wall, Daniel
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Hazare, Elias
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Kinas direktinvesteringar i Afrika: En studie av Kinas FDI-stocks effekt på sysselsättning i tio afrikanska länder2020Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
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    fulltext
  • 324.
    Castellacci, Fulvio
    et al.
    Department of International Economics, Norwegian Institute of International Affairs (NUPI), Oslo, Norway.
    Karpaty, Patrik
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Laursen, Keld
    Department of Innovation and Organizational Economics, Department of Strategy and Innovation, Copenhagen Business School, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Tingvall, Patrick Gustavsson
    Stockholm School of Economics, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Innovation and Competitiveness of Nordic Services (ICONS): Final Project Report2009Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The ICONS project investigates the relationship between innovation and the international competitiveness of service industries. The various empirical studies produced within the project make use of a rich variety of data sources on the innovative activities and international performance of thousands enterprises in both manufacturing and service industries in the Nordic countries, and complement these with data at a more aggregate (industry- and country-) level of analysis. In order to shed new light on this engaging, broad and complex field of research, the project aims at three more specific (and interrelated) objectives: (1) the investigation of differences across industries in terms of their technological activities and economic dynamics, in order to highlight the main drivers of the process of structural change and industrial transformation in the long run; (2) the analysis of the link between innovation and economic performance at the firm-level, and of the extent to which this relationship is affected by sector-specific characteristics related to technological and market conditions specific to each industry; (3) the study of the patterns and determinants of different internationalisation channels and strategies that are undertaken by Nordic enterprises in the service sectors.

  • 325.
    Celik, Michael
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Maarifati, Karzan
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Är den svenska bostadsmarknaden övervärderad?2016Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 326.
    Chababi, Charbel
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    The cost of firearm-related violent crime: crime-specific estimates for policy and program evaluation2021Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 327.
    Chababi, Charbel
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Yazdani, Roxana
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Ger Phillipskurvan en bra prognos för framtida inflation?2019Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 328.
    Chababi, Marie-Joelle
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Delta Normal eller Riskmetrics?: En utvärdering av de parametriska Value at Risk-metoderna.2015Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 329.
    Chababi, Marie-Joelle
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Yashoe, Silvia
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Sambandet mellan korruption och svarta marknaden i höginkomstländer: komplement eller substitut? 2014Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 330.
    Chammas, Peter
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Länk, Jesper
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Vilka faktorer påverkar variationen i antalet åskådare till ishockeymatcher?: En studie av faktorer som påverkar publiktillströmningen till matcher i SHL 2016–172018Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 331.
    Chan, Joshua C.C.
    et al.
    Purdue University, United States of America.
    Poon, Aubrey
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Zhu, Dan
    Monash University, Australia.
    High-dimensional conditionally Gaussian state space models with missing data2023Ingår i: Journal of Econometrics, ISSN 0304-4076, E-ISSN 1872-6895, Vol. 236, nr 1, artikel-id 105468Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We develop an efficient sampling approach for handling complex missing data patterns and a large number of missing observations in conditionally Gaussian state space models. Two important examples are dynamic factor models with unbalanced datasets and large Bayesian VARs with variables in multiple frequencies. A key observation underlying the proposed approach is that the joint distribution of the missing data conditional on the observed data is Gaussian. Furthermore, the inverse covariance or precision matrix of this conditional distribution is sparse, and this special structure can be exploited to substantially speed up computations. We illustrate the methodology using two empirical applications. The first application combines quarterly, monthly and weekly data using a large Bayesian VAR to produce weekly GDP estimates. In the second application, we extract latent factors from unbalanced datasets involving over a hundred monthly variables via a dynamic factor model with stochastic volatility.

  • 332.
    Chan, Kin Wan
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Signaling Equity Bubble Crisis: A Probabilistic Approach2011Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 333.
    Chen, Rongrong
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    FDI and Employment growth in Indonesian Manufacturing Domestic Firms2010Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 334.
    Cicek, Emanuel
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Morén, Axel
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Dynamisk prissättning: En studie om dynamisk prissättning i marknader med olika grad av konkurrens2017Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Dynamisk prissättning
  • 335.
    Coad, Alex
    et al.
    Science and Technology Policy Research (SPRU), Freeman Centre, University of Sussex, Brighton, United Kingdom.
    Daunfeldt, Sven-Olof
    The Swedish Retail Institute (HUI), Stockholm, Sweden; Dalarna University, Falun, Sweden.
    Johansson, Dan
    The Ratio Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Wennberg, Karl
    Stockholm School of Economics, Stockholm, Sweden; The Ratio Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Who do High-growth Firms Employ, and Who do they Hire?2011Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to study who high-growth firms (HGFs) hire using a matched employer-employee dataset for all knowledge intensive industries in Sweden, where high growth is measured over the period 1999- 2002. The results indicate that HGFs to a larger extent employ young people, immigrants, and individuals with longer unemployment periods. However, these patterns seem contingent on the stage of firm evolution. HGFs that have already realized rapid growth seem to start focusing on hiring individuals from other companies, even though immigrants are still overrepresented among new employees.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Working Paper
  • 336.
    Coad, Alex
    et al.
    Sci & Technol Policy Res SPRU, Univ Sussex, Brighton, England; Dept Business & Management, Aalborg Univ, Aalborg, Denmark; Ratio Inst, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Daunfeldt, Sven-Olov
    HUI Res, Stockholm, Sweden ; Dalarna Univ, Falun, Sweden.
    Johansson, Dan
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet. HUI Res, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Wennbergz, Karl
    Stockholm Sch Econ, Stockholm, Sweden; Ratio Inst, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Whom do high-growth firms hire?2014Ingår i: Industrial and Corporate Change, ISSN 0960-6491, E-ISSN 1464-3650, Vol. 23, nr 1, s. 293-327Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We study employment and new hires among high-growth firms (HGFs) in the Swedish knowledge-intensive sectors 1999-2002. Using matched employer-employee data, we find that HGFs are more likely to employ young people, poorly educated workers, immigrants, and individuals who experienced longer unemployment periods. However, these patterns seem contingent on the stage of the firm's evolution. HGFs that have already realized some rapid growth are more likely to hire individuals from other firms, even though immigrants are still overrepresented among new hires. In the case of both HGF employees and HGF new hires, employment opportunities in HGFs are provided by young and small firms.

  • 337.
    Coad, Alexander
    et al.
    University of Sussex, Brighton, UK.
    Johansson, Dan
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Daunfeldt, Sven-Olov
    Högskolan Dalarna, Falun, Sweden.
    Hölzl, Werner
    Austrian Institute of Economic Research, Vienna, Austria.
    Nightingale, Paul
    University of Sussex, Brighton, UK.
    High-growth firms: Introduction to the special section2014Ingår i: Industrial and Corporate Change, ISSN 0960-6491, E-ISSN 1464-3650, Vol. 23, nr 1, s. 91-112Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    High-growth firms (HGFs) have attracted considerable attention recently, as academics and policymakers have increasingly recognized the highly skewed nature of many metrics of firm performance. A small number of HGFs drives a disproportionately large amount of job creation, while the average firm has a limited impact on the economy. This article explores the reasons for this increased interest, summarizes the existing literature, and highlights the methodological considerations that constrain and bias research. This special section draws attention to the importance of HGFs for future industrial performance, explores their unusual growth trajectories and strategies, and highlights the lack of persistence of high growth. Consequently, while HGFs are important for understanding the economy and developing public policy, they are unlikely to be useful vehicles for public policy given the difficulties involved in predicting which firms will grow, the lack of persistence in high growth levels, and the complex and often indirect relationship between firm capability, high growth, and macro-economic performance.

  • 338.
    Criscuolo, Chiara
    et al.
    Centre for Economic Perfomance, London School of Economics, London, UK.
    Hagsten, Eva
    Statistics Sweden.
    Hanley, Aoife
    Nottingham University Business School, Nottingham, UK.
    Karpaty, Patrik
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Svanberg, Stefan
    Statistics Sweden.
    Offshoring and productivity: The case of Ireland, Sweden and the United Kingdom2008Ingår i: Staying Competitive in the Global Economy: Compendium of Studies on Global Value Chains, Paris: OECD Publishing, 2008, s. 201-217Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyses the relationship between offshoring of services and total factor productivity across three different OECD countries: Ireland, Sweden and the United Kingdom. Offshoring activity is widely believed to play an important role for firm productivity due to the fragmentation of the production process across countries when there are differences in the relative endowments of skilled and unskilled labour and of technology. The paper firstly shows that offshoring firms tend to be more labour productive, are larger, pay higher wages and are more likely to be multinational and foreign-owned. Secondly, there appears to be some suggestive evidence of a positive relationship between offshoring and firm productivity although the statistical and/or economic significance of this relationship is not very strong across the three countries. One possible explanation is the small time horizon over which our analysis span.

  • 339.
    Cross, Jamie L.
    et al.
    Melbourne Business School, University of Melbourne, Australia.
    Hou, Chenghan
    Hunan University, China.
    Koop, Gary
    University of Strathclyde, United Kingdom.
    Poon, Aubrey
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Large stochastic volatility in mean VARs2023Ingår i: Journal of Econometrics, ISSN 0304-4076, E-ISSN 1872-6895, Vol. 236, nr 1, artikel-id 105469Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Bayesian vector autoregressions with stochastic volatility in both the conditional mean and variance (SVMVARs) are widely used for studying the macroeconomic effects of uncertainty. Despite their popularity, intensive computational demands when estimating such models has constrained researchers to specifying a small number of latent volatilities, and made out-of-sample forecasting exercises impractical. In this paper, we propose an efficient Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) algorithm that facilitates timely posterior and predictive inference with large SVMVARs. In a simulation exercise, we show that the new algorithm is significantly faster than the state-of-the-art particle Gibbs with ancestor sampling algorithm, and exhibits superior mixing properties. In two applications, we show that large SVMVARs are generally useful for structural analysis and out-of-sample forecasting, and are especially useful in periods of high uncertainty such as the Great Recession and the COVID-19 pandemic.

  • 340.
    Cross, Jamie L.
    et al.
    BI Norwegian Business School, Centre of Applied Macroeconomics and Commodity Prices (CAMP), Norway; Centre for Applied Macroeconomic Analysis (CAMA), Canberra, ACT, Australia.
    Hou, Chenghan
    Hunan University, Center for Finance and Management Studies (CEFMS), China.
    Poon, Aubrey
    Centre for Applied Macroeconomic Analysis (CAMA), Canberra, ACT, Australia; University of Strathclyde, Glasgow Lanark, Scotland.
    Macroeconomic forecasting with large Bayesian VARs: Global-local priors and the illusion of sparsity2020Ingår i: International Journal of Forecasting, ISSN 0169-2070, E-ISSN 1872-8200, Vol. 36, nr 3, s. 899-915Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    A class of global-local hierarchical shrinkage priors for estimating large Bayesian vector autoregressions (BVARs) has recently been proposed. We question whether three such priors: Dirichlet-Laplace, Horseshoe, and Normal-Gamma, can systematically improve the forecast accuracy of two commonly used benchmarks (the hierarchical Minnesota prior and the stochastic search variable selection (SSVS) prior), when predicting key macroeconomic variables. Using small and large data sets, both point and density forecasts suggest that the answer is no. Instead, our results indicate that a hierarchical Minnesota prior remains a solid practical choice when forecasting macroeconomic variables. In light of existing optimality results, a possible explanation for our finding is that macroeconomic data is not sparse, but instead dense.

  • 341.
    Cross, Jamie L.
    et al.
    Centre of Applied Macroeconomics and Commodity Prices (CAMP), BI Norwegian Business School, Oslo, Norway; University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, UK; Centre for Applied Macroeconomic Analysis (CAMA), Canberra, Australia.
    Poon, Aubrey
    Centre of Applied Macroeconomics and Commodity Prices (CAMP), BI Norwegian Business School, Oslo, Norway; University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, UK; Centre for Applied Macroeconomic Analysis (CAMA), Canberra, Australia.
    On the contribution of international shocks in Australian business cycle fluctuations2019Ingår i: Empirical Economics, ISSN 0377-7332, E-ISSN 1435-8921, Vol. 59, nr 6, s. 2613-2637Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    What proportion of Australian business cycle fluctuations are caused by international shocks? We address this question by estimating a panel VAR model that has time-varying parameters and a common stochastic volatility factor. The time-varying parameters capture the inter-temporal nature of Australia's various bilateral trade relationships, while the common stochastic volatility factor captures various episodes of volatility clustering among macroeconomic shocks, e.g., the 1997/98 Asian Financial Crisis and the 2007/08 Global Financial Crisis. Our main result is that international shocks from Australia's five largest trading partners: China, Japan, the EU, the USA and the Republic of Korea, have caused around half of all Australian business cycle fluctuations over the past two decades. We also find important changes in the relative importance of each country's economic impact. For instance, China's positive contribution increased throughout the mining boom of the 2000s, while the overall US influence has almost halved since the 1990s.

  • 342.
    Cross, Jamie
    et al.
    Australian National University, Research School of Economics, Acton ACT, Australia.
    Poon, Aubrey
    Australian National University, Research School of Economics, Acton ACT, Australia.
    Forecasting structural change and fat-tailed events in Australian macroeconomic variables2016Ingår i: Economic Modelling, ISSN 0264-9993, E-ISSN 1873-6122, Vol. 58, s. 34-51Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The 2007/08 Global Financial Crisis has re-stimulated interest in modeling structural changes and fat tail events. In this paper, we investigate whether incorporating time variation and fat-tails into a suit of popular univariate and multivariate Gaussian distributed models can improve the forecast performance of key Australian macroeconomic variables: real GDP growth, CPI inflation and a short-term interest rate. The forecast period is from 1992Q1 to 2014Q4, thus replicating the central banks forecasting responsibilities since adopting inflation targeting. We show that time varying parameters and stochastic volatility with Student's-t error distribution are important modeling features of the data. More specifically, a vector autoregression with the proposed features provides the best interest and inflation forecasts over the entire sample. Remarkably, the full sample results show that a simple rolling window autoregressive model with Student's-t errors provides the most accurate GDP forecasts. 

  • 343.
    Czekierda, Bartosz
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, statistik och informatik.
    The Capital Asset Pricing ModelTest of the model on the Warsaw Stock Exchange2007Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats
    Abstract [en]

    Since 1994 when the Warsaw Stock Exchange has been acknowledged as a full member of World Federation of Exchanges and became one of the fastest developing security markets in the region, it has been hard to find any studies

    relating to the assets price performance on this exchange. That is why I decided to write this paper in which the Nobel price winning theory namely the Capital Asset Pricing Model has been tested.

    The Capital Asset Pricing Model (or CAPM) is an equilibrium model which

    relates asset’s risk measured by beta to its returns. It states that in a competitive market the expected rate of return on an asset varies in direct proportion to its beta.

    In this paper the performance of 100 stocks traded continuously on the main market in the years 2002-2006 has been tested. I have performed three independent tests of the CAPM based on different methods and techniques to better check the validity of the theory and then compared the results.

    As in the case of many other studies of the Capital Asset Pricing Model, this one didn’t find a complete support for the model but couldn’t reject some of its features either.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 344.
    Dahl, Matilda
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Lassinantti, Petter
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Har avstånd till centrum betydelse för villapriser i en småstad?: En hedonisk analys av villapriser i Finspångs tätort2022Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 345.
    Dahl, Matilda
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Lassinantti, Petter
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    How did Brexit affect trade between Sweden and the United Kingdom?: A gravity model approach2024Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 346.
    Dahlberg, Annika
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Auktioner av statsskuldsväxlar och räntebildning2009Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 347.
    Dahlberg, Annika
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Har EMU lett tillökad prisstabilitet inom Euroområdet?2007Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 348.
    Dai, Liuyi
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Import Competition and Labor Productivity: Evidence from Swedish manufacturing during 1998 - 20082013Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This study employs industry-level panel data to estimate the effects of import competition on the labor productivity of Swedish manufacturing during 1998–2008 and to determine how this relationship is affected by the price-cost margin.

    The study results show that the import competition effect on labor productivity is positive, whereas the labor productivity of firms with higher price-cost margin is relatively less affected by import competition. Specifically, imports from high-income countries have significant positive effects on labor productivity, whereas those from middle-income countries have weak negative effects. No explicit relationship was found in the case of low-income countries. Domestic industries with low price-cost margin and industries confronted with imports from mainly high-income countries raise their labor productivity to deal with unexpected higher imports in the short term.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 349.
    Dale, Spencer
    et al.
    Bank of England, London, UK.
    Orphanides, Athanasios
    Central Bank of Cyprus, Nicosia, Cyprus.
    Österholm, Pär
    Sveriges riksbank, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Imperfect Central Bank Communication: Information versus Distraction2011Ingår i: The International Journal of Central Banking, ISSN 1815-4654, E-ISSN 1815-7556, Vol. 7, nr 2, s. 3-39Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Much of the information communicated by central banks is noisy or imperfect. This paper considers the potential benefits and limitations of central bank communications in a model of imperfect knowledge and learning. It is shown that the value of communicating imperfect information is ambiguous. If the public is able to assess accurately the quality of the imperfect information communicated by a central bank, such communication can inform and improve the public’s decisions and expectations. But if not, communicating imperfect information has the potential to mislead and distract. The risk that imperfect communication may detract from the public’s understanding should be considered in the context of a central bank’s communications strategy. The risk of distraction means the central bank may prefer to focus its communication policies on the information it knows most about. Indeed, conveying more certain information may improve the public’s understanding to the extent that it “crowds out” a role for communicating imperfect information.

  • 350.
    Damm, Mathias
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Ett befolkningsgeografiskt perspektiv på husförmögenhetseffekter i Sverige2017Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Ett befolkningsgeografiskt perspektiv på husförmögenhetseffekter i Sverige
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