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  • 3501.
    Öberg, Christina
    et al.
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Henneberg, Stephan C.
    Manchester IMP Research Group, Manchester Business School, The University of Manchester, Manchester, UK.
    Mouzas, Stefanos
    Management School, Lancaster University, UK.
    Organizational inscriptions of network pictures: A meso-level analysis2012Inngår i: Industrial Marketing Management, ISSN 0019-8501, E-ISSN 1873-2062, Vol. 41, nr 8, s. 1270-1283Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper deals with organizational inscriptions of managerial cognitions elaborating on the emerging concept of network pictures. While previous studies on network pictures have concentrated on individual managers' cognitive views of business networks, this study operates on a focal company level (meso-level) and is concerned with how managerial cognitions are manifested in organizational artifacts, which in turn guide business activities. The paper presents a typological model of traces of such inscriptions, which, thereby, becomes a means to capture managers' interactive sense-making of a company's network. We identify organizational inscriptions of managerial cognitions in the areas of strategy, organization, systems, processes, and budgets. Using a comparative-static case study involving mergers and acquisitions of a focal company over time, we exemplify the different organizational inscriptions.

  • 3502.
    Öberg, Christina
    et al.
    Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Henneberg, Stephan C.
    University of Manchester, UK.
    Mouzas, Stefanos
    Lancaster University, UK.
    Organizational Inscriptions of Network Pictures: A Meso-Level Analysis2009Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper deals with manifestations of managerial cognition, thus elaborating on a neglected area in business networks and management. While previous studies have concentrated on business networks from entire companies' or individual persons' perspective, this paper operates on a focal company level (meso-level) and is concerned with how interactive sense-making is represented in organizational artifacts, which in turn aim to guide organizational activities. The paper develops and tests a dimensional model of tangible traces of organizational network pictures, which thereby becomes a means to capture managers' interactive sense-making of a company's network. We found manifestation of managerial cognition in the following areas: systems, processes, budgets, strategy, and organization, which in turn influenced the inclusion/exclusion of interaction partners, the interaction mode, and resource allocation.

  • 3503.
    Öberg, Christina
    et al.
    Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Henneberg, Stephan
    School of Management, University of Bath, UK.
    Mouzas, Stefanos
    School of Management, University of Bath, UK.
    Changing network pictures: The evidence from mergers and acquisitions2006Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Mergers and acquisitions (M&As) may cause dramatic changes ina business network whichin turn affect managerial cognition aswell as managerial activities. We use the concepts of ‘network pictures’ and ‘networking’ to illustrate and analyse changes in managerialsense-makingand networkingactivities following an M&A. The paper focuses on the merging parties and those companieswith which they have direct customerrelationships. Based on three case studies comprising eight M&As, we show that managers may need to adapt theirprevious network pictures in a radical way following an M&A, but that these adaptations are not always realised as shifts in network pictures and adjustments in networking activities byall managers involved. Furthermore, whereas the merging parties’ network pictures and networking activities are largely driven by their perception of customers’ needs anddevelopments, it is not certain that the M&As are enacted accordingly. The paper contributes to the understanding of M&As from a network perspective and to the conceptual interdependence of the constructs of network pictures and networking in a multi-actor situation.

  • 3504.
    Öberg, Christina
    et al.
    Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Henneberg, Stephan
    School of Management, University of Bath, UK.
    Mouzas, Stefanos
    School of Management, University of Bath, UK.
    Changing network pictures: The evidence from mergers and acquisitions2006Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Mergers and acquisitions (M&As) may cause dramatic changes ina business network whichin turn affect managerial cognition aswell as managerial activities. We use the concepts of ‘network pictures’ and ‘networking’ to illustrate and analyse changes in managerialsense-makingand networkingactivities following an M&A. The paper focuses on the merging parties and those companieswith which they have direct customerrelationships. Based on three case studies comprising eight M&As, we show that managers may need to adapt theirprevious network pictures in a radical way following an M&A, but that these adaptations are not always realised as shifts in network pictures and adjustments in networking activities byall managers involved. Furthermore, whereas the merging parties’ network pictures and networking activities are largely driven by their perception of customers’ needs anddevelopments, it is not certain that the M&As are enacted accordingly. The paper contributes to the understanding of M&As from a network perspective and to the conceptual interdependence of the constructs of network pictures and networking in a multi-actor situation.

  • 3505.
    Öberg, Christina
    et al.
    Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Holtström, Johan
    Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Are mergers and acquisitions contagious?2006Inngår i: Journal of Business Research, ISSN 0148-2963, E-ISSN 1873-7978, Vol. 59, nr 12, s. 1267-1275Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In traditional literature on mergers and acquisitions (M&As), the reasons to merge or acquire are largely described as strategies of the merging or acquiring parties. This article suggests that M&As are contextually driven. Based on six case studies, the article pinpoints how M&As among customers lead to M&As among suppliers, and vice versa. The article launches the concept of parallel M&As to describe this phenomenon, and asks the following question: in what ways are M&As among customers and suppliers a driving force for M&As by the other party? Matching, dependence and keeping a power balance are found as key explanations for parallel M&As.

  • 3506.
    Öberg, Christina
    et al.
    Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Holtström, Johan
    Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Are mergers and acquisitions contagious?: Conceptualising Parallel M&As2005Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Mapping the number of completed mergers and acquisitions (M&As) over the past few decades wouldproduce a line roughly following the fluctuations of the business cycle. The most recent peak wasmarked by the numerous M&As occurring in the late 1990s and in early 2000 (Bengtsson and Skärvad2001; Weston and Weaver 2001), followed by the recession starting in late 2000 (Sevenius 2003;Lundell 2002; KPMG Corporate Finance 2003; Förvärv & fusioner 2004). Weston and Weaver (2001)describe this development as M&A waves, and refer to the most recent peak of mergers andacquisitions as the fifth M&A wave. Different peaks in the history of M&A have had different foci. In the1960s and 1970s, diversification and the creation of conglomerates were common reasons formerging with or acquiring other companies (Shleifer & Vishny, in Rumelt, Schendel and Teece 1994;Weston and Weaver 2001). In the age of economic globalisation, the M&As of the late 1990s andearly 2000 were more international in scope, involving companies from more than one country; theywere also more focused on bringing intra-industry companies together (Bengtsson and Skärvad 2001;Sevenius 2003). The intra-industry focus on M&As could stand as a description for the concentrationin e.g. the automotive industry and the IT-sector in the late 1990s. But is this all we see?This paper focuses on M&As as a driving force for other M&As. More specifically, our focus is on howM&As among customers lead to M&As among suppliers, and reverse, in a network perspective. Welaunch the concept of parallel M&As to describe this phenomenon. The purpose of this paper is todiscuss parallel M&As, asking: In what ways are M&As among customers and suppliers a driving forcefor M&As? In contrast to the argument in e.g. Halinen, Salmi and Havila (1999) and Havila and Salmi(2000), we argue that M&As are not only a trigger to change, but also a response to change, andfurther, that these changes need not be directly dyadically connected (cf. Hertz 1998; Havila andSalmi 2000), but appear parallel to each other. Contrary to the motives presented in most traditionalM&A literature, this further means challenging M&As as only being the result of strategies within theacquiring company. Instead we point at M&As as contextually driven. Built on the six case studies,matching, dependence and keeping a “power balance” between customers and suppliers are referredto as key explanations for parallel M&As.

  • 3507.
    Öberg, Christina
    et al.
    Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Huge-Brodin, Maria
    Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Björklund, Maria
    Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Allocating environmental effects: a company vis-à-vis a network perspective2009Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Environmental effects have attracted increased interest in the past years. In this paper, we discuss how a company vis-à-vis a network perspective on allocation of environmental effects may lead to quite different decisions by firms. Empirical examples based on four case studies describe logistic solutions and what effects are seen from a single company and a network perspective. It is concluded that if only considering environmental effects from an individual company's perspective, certain aspects are left out. This in turn has consequences for the environment. For society it becomes vital to find the appropriate analysis level for environmental effects, and also to reconsider allocations of environmental effects on company levels as this may actually counteract environmental-friendly intentions.

  • 3508.
    Öberg, Christina
    et al.
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Huge-Brodin, Maria
    Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Björklund, Maria
    Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Applying a network level in environmental impact assessment2012Inngår i: Journal of Business Research, ISSN 0148-2963, E-ISSN 1873-7978, Vol. 65, nr 2, s. 247-255Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Researchers and society devote increasing interest to environmental impact assessments. The study here discusses and questions current assessment models by relating them to inter-organizational network analyses, and demonstrates that single entities as the basis for environmental impact assessments may not be in the best interests of society. Three case studies focusing on logistical solutions illustrate environmental effects on a single-entity and a network level. The paper concludes that considering environmental impacts on a single-entity level disregards indirect effects, which in turn has consequences for the environment. The paper points to the importance of identifying the appropriate level for analysis of environmental impacts since the single entity as the basis for assessments may undermine environmentally friendly intentions.

  • 3509.
    Öberg, Christina
    et al.
    Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Kindström, Daniel
    Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    The extended organisation: A network approach2009Inngår i: Creating Business out of Industrial Offerings: Findings from Market-Leading B2B Companies, Stockholm: Foundation Marketing Technology Center (MTC) , 2009, s. 13-19Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 3510.
    Öberg, Christina
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet. Weaterhead Center for International Affairs, Harvard University, Cambridge Massachusetts, USA; The Ratio Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Klinton, Markus
    Örebro universitet.
    Stockhult, Helen
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet. University of Skövde, Skövde, Sweden.
    Inside the incubator - business relationship creations among incubated firms2020Inngår i: Journal of business & industrial marketing, ISSN 0885-8624, E-ISSN 2052-1189, Vol. 35, nr 11, s. 1767-1784Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Incubators, as providers of advice and resources, suggest fostering the development of early-idea firms. Literature and practice seem to suggest an ever-increasing amount of incubator support. The creation of business relationships is at the heart of any business development, and this paper addresses whether a laissez-faire incubator fosters the creation of business relationships. The purpose of this paper is to explore the creation of business relationships among incubated firms during and after their time in the incubator along with the roles that these relationships play for the incubated firms.

    Design/methodology/approach: Empirically, the paper is based on retrospective interviews with representatives of all incubated firms in a university incubator. A total of fifteen interviews were conducted with representatives of the incubated firms, the incubator and its owners, complemented by secondary data sources.

    Findings: The paper points out three antecedents for business relationship creation: the lack of experience and connections; convenience; and trust based on the interactions with others in the incubator. These antecedents are connected to the roles of transforming businesses and of adaptation in the dyadic relationships. The laissez-faire incubator helped through the learning-by-doing among the incubated firms, which made them focus on business relationship creation from early on.

    Originality/value: Most incubator research portrays the unilateral transfer of knowledge from the incubator to the incubated firm, with the latter being a service taker rather than a co-producer. The paper adds knowledge about business relationships among firms in incubators and the roles that these business relationships could play for the firms. The focus on an incubator providing limited support is of high practical relevance, given the trend of incubators facilitating more and more services.

  • 3511.
    Öberg, Christina
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Kollberg, Beata
    Tekniska verken i Linköping AB, Linköping, Sweden.
    Extending the ambidexterity discussion in high-technology small firms2016Inngår i: High Technology Small Firms Conference, 2016Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 3512.
    Öberg, Christina
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet. The Ratio Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Leminen, Seppo
    Laurea University of Applied Sciences, Espoo, Finland; Department of Marketing, Aalto University School of Business, Helsinki, Finland.
    Gap analysis for innovative firm acquisition - acquirer and acquired party perspectives2017Inngår i: Journal of Organizational Change Management, ISSN 0953-4814, E-ISSN 1758-7816, Vol. 30, nr 3, s. 380-395Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Companies often aspire to create advantages for their businesses through acquisitions. Their participation has increasingly been documented to include different motives for acquirers, while focusing less on the ambitions of acquired parties with the acquisitions. The purpose of this paper is to describe and discuss gaps and the handling of gaps between acquirers and acquired parties in acquisitions of innovative firms.

    Design/methodology/approach: In the paper, the authors specifically focus on acquisitions of innovative firms. Four case studies illustrate gaps between the acquirers and the acquired parties.

    Findings: The authors conclude that gaps may be present from the start as latent gaps, and become activated in integration or as the consequence of non-integration decisions. Gaps between the acquirer and the acquired party may be further manifested in external parties' reactions to the integration. The handling of gaps emphasizes a transition time and communication about expectations between the acquirer and the acquired party.

    Originality/value: The paper contributes to previous research on mergers and acquisitions in general, and acquisitions of innovative firms in particular. Prior literature on acquisitions is scarce on descriptions of gaps or the handling of gaps. Gaps complement ideas on differences in culture between acquirers and acquired parties. It also highlights how acquired parties have as much intention with an acquisition as acquirers.

  • 3513.
    Öberg, Christina
    et al.
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Leminen, Seppo
    Gap analysis for innovative firm acquisition: Acquirer and target company perspectives2014Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 3514.
    Öberg, Christina
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet. Ratio Institute, Stockholm, Sweden; Weatherhead Center for International Affairs, Harvard University, Cambridge Massachusetts, USA.
    Shams, Tawfiq
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    On the verge of disruption: rethinking position and role - the case of additive manufacturing2019Inngår i: Journal of business & industrial marketing, ISSN 0885-8624, E-ISSN 2052-1189, Vol. 34, nr 5, s. 1093-1105Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: With the overarching idea of disruptive technology and its effects on business, this paper focuses on how companies strategically consider meeting the challenge of a disruptive technology such as additive manufacturing. The purpose of this paper is to describe and discuss changes in positions and roles related to the implementation of a disruptive technology.

    Design/methodology/approach: Additive manufacturing could be expected to have different consequences for parties based on their current supply chain positions. The paper therefore investigates companies' strategies related to various supply chain positions and does so by departing from a position and role point of view. Three business cases related to metal 3D printing - illustrating sub-suppliers, manufacturers and logistics firms - describe as many strategies. Data for the cases were collected through meetings, interviews, seminars and secondary data focusing on both current business activities related to additive manufacturing and scenarios for the future.

    Findings: The companies attempted to defend their current positions, leading to new roles for them. This disconnects the change of roles from that of positions. The changed roles indicate that all parties, regardless of supply chain positions, would move into competing producing roles, thereby indicating how a disruptive technology may disrupt network structures based on companies' attempts to defend their positions.

    Originality/value: The paper contributes to previous research by reporting a disconnect between positions and roles among firms when disruption takes place. The paper further denotes how the investigated firms largely disregarded network consequences at the disruptive stage, caused by the introduction of additive manufacturing. The paper also contributes to research on additive manufacturing by including a business dimension and linking this to positions and roles.

  • 3515.
    Öberg, Christina
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Shams, Tawfiq
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Asnafi, Nader
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för naturvetenskap och teknik.
    Additive Manufacturing and Business Models: Current Knowledge and Missing Perspectives2018Inngår i: Technology Innovation Management Review, E-ISSN 1927-0321, Vol. 8, nr 6, s. 15-33Artikkel, forskningsoversikt (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Additive manufacturing, that is 3D printing technology, may change the way companies operate their businesses. This article adopts a business model perspective to create an understanding of what we know about these changes. It summarizes current knowledge on additive manufacturing within management and business research, and it discusses future research directions in relation to business models for additive manufacturing. Using the scientific database Web of Science, 116 journal articles were identified. The literature review reveals that most research concerns manufacturing optimization. A more holistic view of the changes that additive manufacturing may bring about for firms is needed, as is more research on changed value propositions, and customer/sales-related issues. The article contributes to previous research by systematically summarizing additive manufacturing research in the business and management literature, and by highlighting areas for further investigation related to the business models of individual firms.

  • 3516.
    Öberg, Christina
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Shams, Tawfiq
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Asnafi, Nader
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för naturvetenskap och teknik.
    Additive manufacturing: Current knowledge and missing perspectives2017Inngår i: 18th International CINet Conference: Digitalization and innovation: designing the organization of the future, Continous Innovation Network (CIBet) , 2017Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 3517.
    Öberg, Christina
    et al.
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Shih, Tommy Tsung Ying
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Diverging network logics: barriers for commercialisation of innovations2012Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 3518.
    Öberg, Christina
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet. Department of Business Administration, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Shih, Tommy Tsung-Ying
    Department of Business Administration, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Strategy in an ambiguous innovation environment: the case of a Taiwanese biopharmaceutical firm2015Inngår i: Journal of Strategy and Management., ISSN 1755-425X, E-ISSN 1755-4268, Vol. 8, nr 4, s. 326-341Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: An ambiguous environment indicates how rules and interests may not be outspoken or clear. In an emerging industry sector, such ambiguity may follow from different sets of rules to adapt to, changes to these rules, and how various parties surrounding a firm act based on these rules and individual interests, interaction goals, and priorities. The purpose of this paper is to describe and discuss how a company balances its relationships with others to achieve strategic intentions in an ambiguous environment. Specifically, the paper focusses on innovation in the biopharmaceutical sector in Taiwan.

    Design/methodology/approach: The empirical part of the paper is based on a single case study portraying multiple parties surrounding an innovative Taiwanese biopharmaceutical firm.

    Findings: The paper points to how partner selection and interaction are highly affected by the ambiguous environment. Ambiguity leads to transactional exchanges on the domestic level, while the focal firm engages in collaborative, relational interactionwith international parties to accomplish innovations.

    Originality/value: The paper contributes to literature on company strategies in emerging sectors with its specific focus on innovation strategies, and how a company balances ways of interacting based on an ambiguous environment. To Asian management research, contributions include an in-depth description of company-level strategizing in Taiwan

  • 3519.
    Öberg, Christina
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet. Department of Business Administration, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Shih, Tommy Tsung-Ying
    Department of Business Administration, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Chou, Hsin-Hui
    Department of Business Administration, Tainan, Taiwan.
    Network strategies and effects in an interactive context2016Inngår i: Industrial Marketing Management, ISSN 0019-8501, E-ISSN 1873-2062, Vol. 52, s. 117-127Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper adoptsthe industrial marketing approach to investigate how companies strategize in networks, and to link network strategies to different effects. Based on a case study from the optical recording media industry, the paper finds five types of strategies: complementary, shared, copying, company-rooted, and challenging. Effects indicate how the focal company's strategies triggered reactions of various magnitudes and characteristics. Specifically, effects diverge from intentions among parties not considered in the strategy, and increasingly so the more confronting the strategy is. This implies that the kind of strategy matters for the effects. This paper contributes to the growing interest for strategizing in business networks through introducing a typology of network strategies and effects.

  • 3520.
    Öberg, Christina
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Tarba, Shlomo Y.
    Department of Economics and Management, Open University, Raanana, Israel.
    Knowledge transfer following horizontal international acquisitions2012Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 3521.
    Öberg, Christina
    et al.
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Tarba, Shlomo Yedidia
    What do we know about post-merger integration following international acquisitions?2013Inngår i: Advances in International Management, Volume 26 - Philosophy of Science and Meta-Knowledge in International Business and Management / [ed] Timothy M. Devinney, Torben Pedersen, Laszlo Tihanyi, Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2013, Vol. 26, s. 469-492Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter presents a review of the state of the art on the topic of knowledge transfer following post-merger integration (PMI) in international mergers and acquisitions (M&A) and identifies points of agreement and disagreement, recognizes underexplored areas and provides suggestions on how they could be explored in future studies. The chapter points to the limited amount of literature that describes knowledge transfer following international acquisitions, while highlighting it as an emerging field of research. The knowledge transfer literature mainly refers to innovation and innovation capabilities, while areas such as marketing and customer knowledge are vitally absent in the literature. In any international acquisition, such knowledge transfer would be of fundamental importance, given the acquisition motive to reach new markets or customers. Two case studies on the transfer of knowledge about customers following international acquisitions are provided. The case illustrations point to a focus on knowledge transfer on strategic levels in the post-merger integration following international acquisitions, while the operational sales forces’ transfer of knowledge is largely disregarded in practice. Since much of the tacit knowledge about customers is handled on that level, it needs to be recognized and developed. The chapter indicates that raising the awareness of the transfer of knowledge about customers following international acquisitions is important from a practitioner’s as well as a research point of view.

  • 3522.
    Öberg, Christina
    et al.
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Tsung Ying Shih, Tommy
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Getting into the established network: Logic barriers for young innovative firms2012Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper discusses the difficulties for young, innovative firms to establish relationships with other companies based on differences in logics among firms. Logics refer prioritizations and interests that underpin interaction decisions. In the paper we make a distinction in logics between orientation to technology advancements and to present structures, and in terms of timeframes. The empirical part of the paper consists of two case studies. Differences in logics inhibit the establishment of relationships, and four parameters have consequences for the young, innovative firm and the possibility to establish business relationships: (i) its lack of present or inherited network ties: (ii) its logic towards technology rather than marketing: (iii) the structure of established firms, and (iv) the difference in logics between established and young, innovative firms. We conclude that divergences in orientation to technology advancements or present structures hinder the establishment of relationships. Such orientations may however shift during the course of their present interactions. Differences in timeframes do not hinder the establishment of relationships, but continue to be a conflicting issue once the relationship is established. The paper contributes to research on innovations in networks through highlighting issues of differences in firms’ logics and their effects on the likelihood for establishing relationships among them. It further indicates that similarities in logics is not only a consequence of interaction, but is also widely decisive for the choice of interaction partners.

  • 3523.
    Öberg, Christina
    et al.
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden; University of Exeter Business School, Exeter, United Kingdom.
    Tsung-Ying Shih, Tommy
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Divergent and convergent logic of firms: Barriers and enablers for development and commercialization of innovations2014Inngår i: Industrial Marketing Management, ISSN 0019-8501, E-ISSN 1873-2062, Vol. 43, nr 3, s. 419-428Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper describes and discusses similarities and differences in the priorities, interests, and interactional goals of companies involved in the development and commercialization of innovation. We refer to such priorities, interests, and interactional goals as the logic of firms, and point to how differences among companies in these regards may enable or inhibit the development and commercialization of innovation. A case study in drug development, from a Taiwanese biopharmaceutical, illustrates two types of innovations: generic and novel drug development. Findings suggest how logic places focus on how certain actors may be more motivated toward innovation, but also on how the logic portrayed by actors can promote certain types of innovations (in this case generic ones), while inhibiting others (novel innovations). The paper concludes that companies need to have convergent logic (i.e. have the same priorities and similar or complementary interests and interaction goals) if an innovation process is to be successful. The focus on priorities, interests, and interactional goals of companies in innovation processes complements previous research that has primarily focused on the actual interaction, not what motivates it. The construct of shared logic nets as a means of analyzing convergent logic and gaps between different types of logic help to understand enablers and barriers to innovation.

  • 3524.
    Öckervall, Anna
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Andersson, Mikael
    Analyshusens kurspåverkan: En studie om hur de analyshusens aktierekommendationer påverkar svenska aktiemarknaden på kort sikt2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
  • 3525.
    Öhman, Peter
    et al.
    Avdelningen för ekonomivetenskap och juridik, Mittuniversitetet, Östersund, Sweden.
    Carrington, Thomas
    Uppsala universitet, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Johansson, Tobias
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Johed, Gustav
    Stockholms universitet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Professionalism och kommersialism bland revisorer2014Rapport (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 3526.
    Önnelind, Susann
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Vinkel, Anna
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Diffusion av det balanserade styrkortet i kommunal verksamhet: - en studie av kommuners utformning och användning2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 3527.
    Östblom, Ida
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Det goda förändringsarbetet2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 3528.
    Österling, Johanna
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Den kvinnliga och manliga uppfattningen av ledarpositionen  En studie om den psykosociala arbetsmiljön och karriärmöjligheter2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 3529.
    Özcan, Selma
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Malki, Gabriella
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Celep, Dilara
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Avskaffandet av revisionsplikten: Effekterna av reformen med avseende på övervakning ur myndigheters perspektiv2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 3530.
    Üren, Maria
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, statistik och informatik.
    Bergå, Sofia
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, statistik och informatik.
    Libard, Maja
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, statistik och informatik.
    Efterlevnad av en revisionsbyrås etiska kod2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Skandaler i näringslivet har blivit allt vanligare. I vissa fall har revisorer figurerat i dessa skandaler, vilket har medfört att förtroendet för revisorsprofessionen har minskat. Åtgärder har vidtagits genom bland annat nya regelverk och vissa företag har även skapat sina egna etiska koder. Det räcker dock inte att ett företag har en etisk kod utan det är viktigt att den etiska koden även efterlevs. Syftet med denna uppsats är att beskriva hur en revisionsbyrå arbetar för att den etiska koden ska efterlevas. Detta syfte besvaras genom en kvalitativ studie där intervjuer genomförs med sex revisorer på två kontor inom revisionsbyrån KPMG.

    En etisk kod är till för att öka medarbetares kunskap och på så vis påverka deras beteende. När en etisk kod har implementerats i organisationer uppstår frågor om hur de ska försäkra sig om att koden efterlevs. Interaktion mellan värderingar, beteenden och strukturer kan bidra till att etik efterlevs i organisationer. Global Code of Conduct är KPMGs utarbetade etiska kod, vilken sätter grunden för företagets etiska principer. I mer eller mindre utsträckning tar koden upp företagets värderingar, att medarbetarna ska uppträda med integritet, ansvarsförhållanden, etiskt ställningstagande och att medarbetare ska söka hjälp vid dilemman. Respondenterna i sin tur tar i mer eller mindre utsträckning upp organisationens struktur och utformning, kännedomen om och förståelse för syftet med den etiska koden, personliga värderingar, etiksamordnaren i organisationen, organisationens tillvägagångssätt för efterlevnad av den etiska koden samt konsekvenser av oetiskt handlande.

    Det finns ett flertal faktorer som påverkar efterlevanden av en etisk kod och med hjälp av dessa faktorer analyseras det hur efterlevanden av den etiska koden ser ut i KPMG. Det har framkommit att KPMG bland annat tydliggör syftet med företagets etiska kod, uppmanar diskussioner mellan medarbetare samt att det finns etiksamordnare på kontoren för att den etiska koden ska efterlevas. Den slutsats som kan dras är att trots de olika tillvägagångssätt som KPMG använder sig av för att den etiska koden ska efterlevas är dessa försök inte tillräckliga för att medarbetare ska bli medvetna om denna etiska kod och dess innehåll.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 3531.
    Kashyap, Shruti (, )
    Uppsala universitet.
    Svensk fintech: En kartläggning och analys av sektorn, dess innovationskraft ochutmaningar2020Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Sveriges fintechsektor har skapat flera framgångsrika företag. I denna studie presenteras en första komplett kartläggning av de svenska fintechföretagen. Vidare presenteras en analys av åtgärder som skulle kunna skapa än bättre förutsättningar för innovation och entreprenörskap parallellt med låga risker.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Svensk fintech: En kartläggning och analys av sektorn, dess innovationskraft ochutmaningar
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