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  • 42301.
    Tovesson, Fredrik
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för naturvetenskap.
    Birgersson, E.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för naturvetenskap.
    Flenéus, M.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för naturvetenskap.
    Fogelberg, B.
    Fritsch, V.
    Gustafsson, C.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för naturvetenskap.
    Hambsch, F.-J.
    Oberstedt, Andreas
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för naturvetenskap.
    Oberstedt, Stephan
    Ramström, E.
    Tudora, A.
    Vladuca, G.
    233Pa(n, f) cross section up to En=8.5 MeV2004Inngår i: Nuclear Physics A, ISSN 0375-9474, E-ISSN 1873-1554, Vol. 733, nr 1-2, s. 3-19Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The energy dependence of the neutron-induced fission cross section of 233Pa has been measured directly for the first time from the fission threshold up to En=8.5 MeV. This reaction plays an important role in the thorium-uranium fuel cycle, and is thus of interest for the design and modeling of advanced reactor and transmutation facilities. The existing information in the ENDF/B-VI and JENDL-3.3 evaluated nuclear data files differ by a factor of two for the 233Pa(n, f) cross section values and show different fission threshold energies. Our new experimental data give lower cross section values than both evaluations and resolves the question about the threshold energy. In addition to the experimental investigation, also a new theoretical calculation of the reaction cross section has been performed with the statistical model code STATIS, showing a good agreement with the experimental data.

  • 42302.
    Tovesson, Fredrik
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för naturvetenskap.
    Hambsch, F.-J.
    Oberstedt, Andreas
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för naturvetenskap.
    Fogelberg, B.
    Ramström, E.
    Oberstedt, Stephan
    Neutron-induced fission cross section of 233Pa between 1.0 and 3.0 MeV2002Inngår i: Physical Review Letters, ISSN 0031-9007, E-ISSN 1079-7114, Vol. 88, nr 6, s. 062502-Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The energy dependent neutron-induced fission cross section of 233Pa has for the first time been measured directly with monoenergetic neutrons. This nuclide is an important intermediary in a thorium based fuel cycle, and its fission cross section is a key parameter in the modeling of future advanced fuel and reactor concepts. A first experiment resulted in four cross section values between 1.0 and 3.0 MeV, establishing a fission threshold in excess of 1 MeV. Significant discrepancies were found with a previous indirect experimental determination and with model estimates.

  • 42303.
    Tovesson, Fredrik
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för naturvetenskap.
    Hambsch, F.-J.
    Oberstedt, Andreas
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för naturvetenskap.
    Fogelberg, B.
    Ramström, E.
    Oberstedt, Stephan
    The Pa-233 fission cross section2002Inngår i: Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, ISSN 0022-3131, E-ISSN 1881-1248, Vol. Supplement 2, s. 210-213Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The energy dependent neutron-induced fission cross section of 233Pa has for the first time been measured directly with mono-energetic neutrons. This isotope is produced in the thorium fuel cycle and serves as an intermediate step between the 232Th source material and the 233U fuel material. Four neutron energies between 1.0 and 3.0 MeV have been measured in a first campaign. Some preliminary results are presented and compared to literature.

  • 42304.
    Tovesson, Fredrik
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för naturvetenskap.
    Hambsch, Franz-Josef
    Oberstedt, Stephan
    Bax, Hugo
    Fission fragment properties and the problem of the pulse height defect2002Inngår i: Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, ISSN 0022-3131, E-ISSN 1881-1248, Vol. Supplement 2, s. 673-676Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The pulse height defect (PHD) has been investigated for three different counting gases commonly used in ionization chambers. The PHD introduces an underestimation of the kinetic energy of a charged particle detected with an ionization chamber. Thus, in some cases it is of crucial importance to correct for this effect, e.g. when studying fission fragment properties. A now method was used, applying a waveform digitizer, to study the PHD. The fission fragment properties from spontaneous fission of 252Cf where determined using different counting gases and different ways of correcting for the PHD were evaluated.

  • 42305.
    Tracewska-Siemiątkowska, Anna
    et al.
    DNA Analysis Laboratory, Wrocław Research Centre EIT+, Wrocław, Poland; Department of Human Genetics, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.
    Haer-Wigman, Lonneke
    Department of Human Genetics, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen,The Netherlands.
    Bosch, Danielle G. M.
    Department of Human Genetics, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen,The Netherlands; Bartiméus, Institute for the Visually Impaired, Zeist, The Netherlands; Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behavior, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.
    Nickerson, Deborah
    Department of Genome Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle WA, USA.
    Bamshad, Michael J.
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Washington, Seattle WA, USA.
    van de Vorst, Maartje
    Department of Human Genetics, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen,The Netherlands; Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behavior, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.
    Rendtorff, Nanna Dahl
    Department of Clinical Genetics,The Kennedy Centre/Rigshospitalet/, Glostrup, Denmark.
    Möller, Claes
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper. Audiological Research Centre, University Hospital Örebro, Örebro, Sweden; Swedish Institute of Disability Research, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
    Kjellström, Ulrika
    Department of Clinical Science Lund, Ophthalmology, University of Lund, Lund, Sweden.
    Andréasson, Sten
    Department of Clinical Science Lund, Ophthalmology, University of Lund, Lund, Sweden.
    Cremers, Frans P. M.
    Department of Human Genetics, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen,The Netherlands; Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behavior, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen,The Netherlands.
    Tranebjærg, Lisbeth
    Department of Clinical Genetics, The Kennedy Centre/Rigshospitalet/, Glostrup, Denmark; Institute of Clinical Medicine, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    An Expanded Multi-Organ Disease Phenotype Associated with Mutations in YARS2017Inngår i: Genes, ISSN 2073-4425, E-ISSN 2073-4425, Vol. 8, nr 12, artikkel-id E381Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Whole exome sequence analysis was performed in a Swedish mother-father-affected proband trio with a phenotype characterized by progressive retinal degeneration with congenital nystagmus, profound congenital hearing impairment, primary amenorrhea, agenesis of the corpus callosum, and liver disease. A homozygous variant c.806T > C, p.(F269S) in the tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase gene (YARS) was the only identified candidate variant consistent with autosomal recessive inheritance. Mutations in YARS have previously been associated with both autosomal dominant Charcot-Marie-Tooth syndrome and a recently reported autosomal recessive multiorgan disease. Herein, we propose that mutations in YARS underlie another clinical phenotype adding a second variant of the disease, including retinitis pigmentosa and deafness, to the spectrum of YARS-associated disorders.

  • 42306.
    Traczyk, Michal
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Wurm, Matilda
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    "Det är ju inget vi frågar efter som psykologer" Psykologers upplevelse av klienter med könsöverskridande beteende2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 30 poäng / 45 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Personer med könsöverskridande beteende är en grupp med större risk för psykisk ohälsa jämfört med resten av befolkningen. Ett professionellt bemötande är en viktig del av behandlingsprocessen och påverkar terapeutiskt utfall. Tidigare forskning visar brister i kontakten mellan vårdpersonal och personer med könsöverskridande beteende. Det saknas dock studier som fokuserar på psykologer och deras arbete med denna klientgrupp. Syftet med föreliggande studie är att undersöka psykologers upplevelse av klienter med könsöverskridande beteende. Studien har en kvalitativ ansats. Semistrukturerade intervjuer genomfördes med fem psykologer som hade erfarenhet av klienter med könsöverskridande beteende. Resultaten pekar på att könsöverskridande beteende är ett ämne som väcker både intresse och engagemang, men också en viss osäkerhet hos psykologer. Det framkommer att psykologers förförståelse och personliga inställningar spelar en stor roll i arbetet med klientgruppen när utbildningen och tillgången till information i ämnet är begränsad. En icke-patologiserande syn på könsöverskridande beteende dominerar, men även motsatsen förekommer. Ytterligare forskning krävs för att kartlägga på vilket sätt psykologrelaterade faktorer påverkar behandlingen av personer med könsöverskridande beteende. En annan viktig aspekt är hur befintlig kunskap kan implementeras i läroplaner för psykologers grundutbildning och effektivt spridas bland yrkesverksamma.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 42307.
    Traczyk, Michal
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Wurm, Matilda
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Ahonen, Lia
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    "Det är ju inget vi frågar efter som psykologer": psykologers upplevelse av klienter med könsöverskridande beteende2013Inngår i: Lambda Nordica: Tidskrift om homosexualitet, ISSN 1100-2573, Vol. 3-4, s. 77-99Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    People with gender-incongruent behaviors have a higher risk for psychiatric problems compared to others. A professional approach is an important part of the treatment process and will influence the therapeutic outcome. Earlier research shows deficits in the contact between care personnel and people with gender-incongruent behaviours. There are no studies focusing on psychologists and their work with this client group. The aim of this study is to research psychologists’ subjective experience of clients with gender-incongruent behaviours. The study uses a qualitative method. The research data was collected with semi-structured interviews with five psychologists that had some experience with clients with gender-incongruent behaviours. The results point to gender-incongruent behaviors being a topic that evokes both interest and commitment, but also some insecurity in psychologists. Psychologists’ preconceptions and personal beliefs play a big role during the work with these clients when education and access to information on the topic is limited. A non-pathologizing outlook on gender-incongruent behaviours dominates, but the opposite also exists. More research is needed to map out in which way psychologist-related factors influence treatment of people with gender-incongruent behaviours. Another important aspect is how existing knowledge can be implemented in psychologists’ basic training and how it can be spread effectively amongst professionals.

  • 42308.
    Tradén, Emma
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Winblad, Linda
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Sjuksköterskans upplevelse avmotiverande samtal i det hälsofrämjandearbetet – en litteraturstudie2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 42309.
    Tran, Dan
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Hälsoakademin.
    Samuelsson, Martin
    Örebro universitet, Hälsoakademin.
    Lärares uppfattningar om bedömning och betygssättning i ämnet idrott och hälsa2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 42310.
    Tran, Pham Tue Hung
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper.
    Asghar, Naveed
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper.
    Karlsson, Anders
    Department of Clinical Microbiology, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden; Nanoxis Consulting AB, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Karlsson, Roger
    Department of Clinical Microbiology, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden; Nanoxis Consulting AB, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Johansson, Magnus
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper.
    Melik, Wessam
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper.
    Screening of host proteins interacting with Kunjin, Langat, Zikareplication complex2019Inngår i: 16th Smögen Summer Symposium on Virology, 2019Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    During infection and eclipse time, Flaviviruses induce invagination of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) membrane to form compartments, protecting their viral replication complex. The rearrangements of ER membrane require modifications in ER membrane lipid constituents or binding of proteins to bend the membrane. Indeed, it has been implicated that both KUNV and DENV NS1, NS2A, NS4A, NS4B proteins could induce membrane remodelings. However, it is not well known whether host proteins can also participate in the formation and maintenance of these compartments.In this project, we aimed to identify host proteins interacting with Kunjin, Langat, Zika replication complex. These proteins may function for ER invagination during Flavivirus infection. We used human adenocarcinoma epithelial A549 cells as a cell model, mosquito-borne Zika, Kunjin virus, and tick-borne Langat virus as virus models. After virus infections, the ER membranes from infected and non-infected cells were harvested using ultracentrifuge with a sucrose gradient. Proteins from these ERs were identified using mass spectrometry. We compared the differences between the ER proteomes to identify host candidate proteins that can cause the RC formation. To narrows the list of true candidate proteins, we attempted to enrich the RC-containing fractions by doing co-immuno precipitation. We are doing TMT-MS to identify and quantify the host proteins from Co-IP elutions. The functions of these proteins will be characterized by using molecular techniques.

  • 42311.
    Tran, Pham Tue Hung
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper.
    Asghar, Naveed
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper.
    Karlsson, Roger
    Department ofClinical Microbiology, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden; NanoxisConsulting AB, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Karlsson, Anders
    Department ofClinical Microbiology, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden; NanoxisConsulting AB, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Johansson, Magnus
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper.
    Melik, Wessam
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper.
    Identification and characterization of host proteins inducing the endoplasmic reticulum invagination during Flavivirus infection2019Inngår i: Positive-Strand RNA Viuses, 2019, s. 280-280Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    When Flaviviruses infect host cells, they can induce invagination of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) membrane to form vesicle-like compartments. These unique structures are hypothetical to facilitate the viral replication by reducing diffusion of virus replication machinery and viral RNA, providing a scaffold to anchor the replication complex, and protecting viral RNA from host cell intrinsic surveillance. 

    The rearrangements of ER membrane to form these replication compartments (RCs) require modifications in its lipid constituents or binding of proteins to the membrane. Flaviviruses, indeed, use their proteins to generate RCs. It has been implicated that both KUNV and DENV viral NS1, NS2A, NS4A, NS4B proteins could induce membrane remodelings. However, it is recondite whether host proteins can also participate in the formation and maintenance of RCs.

    In this project, we aimed to identify and characterize of host proteins inducing RC generation during Flavivirus infections. We used A549 as a cell model, and mosquito-borne Zika and Kunjin virus, and tick-borne Langat virus as virus models. After virus infections, ER membranes were harvested using ultracentrifuge with a sucrose gradient. Proteins from these ERs were identified using mass spectrometry. We compared the differences between the ER proteomes of infected cells and non-infected cells to identify host candidate proteins that can cause the RC formation.  We are attempting to enrich the RC-containing fractions and identifying proteins here, which narrows the list of true candidate proteins. The candidate proteins then will be characterized by using molecular techniques such as gene knock down, overexpression, and microscopy techniques.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Identification and characterization of host proteins inducing the endoplasmic reticulum invagination during Flavivirus infection
  • 42312.
    Tran, Pham Tue Hung
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper.
    Asghar, Naveed
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper.
    Karlsson, Roger
    Department ofClinical Microbiology, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden; NanoxisConsulting AB, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Karlsson, Anders
    Department ofClinical Microbiology, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden; NanoxisConsulting AB, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Johansson, Magnus
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper.
    Melik, Wessam
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper.
    Screening of host proteins interacting with Kunjin, Langat, Zika replication complex2019Inngår i: Positive-Strand Rna Viuses, 2019Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    When Flaviviruses infect host cells, they can induce invagination of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) membrane to form vesicle-like compartments. These unique structures are hypothetical to facilitate the viral replication by reducing diffusion of virus replication machinery and viral RNA, providing a scaffold to anchor the replication complex, and protecting viral RNA from host cell intrinsic surveillance. 

    The rearrangements of ER membrane to form these replication compartments (RCs) require modifications in its lipid constituents or binding of proteins to the membrane. Flaviviruses, indeed, use their proteins to generate RCs. It has been implicated that both KUNV and DENV viral NS1, NS2A, NS4A, NS4B proteins could induce membrane remodelings. However, it is recondite whether host proteins can also participate in the formation and maintenance of RCs.

    In this project, we aimed to identify and characterize of host proteins inducing RC generation during Flavivirus infections. We used A549 as a cell model, and mosquito-borne Zika and Kunjin virus, and tick-borne Langat virus as virus models. After virus infections, ER membranes were harvested using ultracentrifuge with a sucrose gradient. Proteins from these ERs were identified using mass spectrometry. We compared the differences between the ER proteomes of infected cells and non-infected cells to identify host candidate proteins that can cause the RC formation.  We are attempting to enrich the RC-containing fractions and identifying proteins here, which narrows the list of true candidate proteins. The candidate proteins then will be characterized by using molecular techniques such as gene knock down, overexpression, and microscopy techniques.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Screening of host proteins interacting with Kunjin, Langat, Zikareplication complex
  • 42313. Tranberg, Roy
    et al.
    Jarl, Gustav
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper. Region Örebro län.
    An innovative sealed therapeutic shoe to offload and heal diabetic forefoot ulcers2019Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 42314. Tranebjaerg, Lisbeth
    et al.
    Dahl Rendtorff, Nanna
    Lodahl, Marianne
    Frostad, Hilde Monica
    Stensland, Riise
    Roux, Anne-Francoise
    Möller, Claes
    Örebro universitet, Hälsoakademin.
    Usher syndrome: diagnostic utility of the Asper biotech's genotyping microarray2011Inngår i: Usher syndrome: pathogenesis, diagnosis and therapy / [ed] Satpal Ahuja, Hauppauge, NY: Nova Science Publishers, Inc., 2011, s. 215-229Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 42315.
    Tranebjaerg, Lisbeth
    et al.
    Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery and Audiology, Rigshospitalet/Bispebjerg, Copenhagen, Denmark; Department of Clinical Genetics, The Kennedy Center, Copenhagen University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark; Institute of Clinical Medicine, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Strenzke, Nicola
    Auditory Systems Physiology Group, InnerEarLab, Department of Otolaryngology, University Medical Center, Göttingen, Germany.
    Lindholm, Sture
    ENT-Department, County Hospital Kalmar, Kalmar, Sweden.
    Rendtorff, Nanna D.
    Department of Clinical Genetics, The Kennedy Center, Copenhagen University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Poulsen, Hanne
    Institute of Biomedicine, University of Aarhus, Aarhus, Denmark.
    Khandelia, Himanshu
    MEMPHYS-Center for Biomembrane Physics, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.
    Kopec, Wojciech
    MEMPHYS-Center for Biomembrane Physics, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark; Computational Biomolecular Dynamics Group, Max Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry, Göttingen, Germany.
    Lyngbye, Troels J. Brunnich
    Pediatric Department, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark.
    Hamel, Christian
    Maladies Sensorielles Genetiques, Centre Hospitalier Régional Universitaire (CHRU), Montpellier, France; Institute for Neurosciences of Montpellier (INSERM U1051), Montpellier, France; Universite Montpellier, Montpellier, France.
    Delettre, Cecile
    Institute for Neurosciences of Montpellier (INSERM U1051), Montpellier, France; Universite Montpellier, Montpellier, France.
    Bocquet, Beatrice
    Maladies Sensorielles Genetiques, Centre Hospitalier Régional Universitaire (CHRU), Montpellier, France; Institute for Neurosciences of Montpellier (INSERM U1051), Montpellier, France; Universite Montpellier, Montpellier, France.
    Bille, Michael
    Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery and Audiology, Rigshospitalet Gentofte Hospital, Hellerup, Denmark.
    Owen, Hanne H.
    Department of Audiology, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark.
    Bek, Toke
    Department of Ophthalmology, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark.
    Jensen, Hanne
    Eye Department, The Kennedy Centre, Glostrup Hospital Rigshospitalet, Glostrup, Denmark.
    Østergaard, Karen
    Department of Neurology, University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark; University of Aarhus, Aarhus, Denmark.
    Möller, Claes
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Luxon, Linda
    Department of Neurotology, National Hospital for Neurology, Queen Square, London, UK.
    Carr, Lucinda
    Department of Neurology, Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK.
    Wilson, Louise
    North East Thames Regional Genetics Service, Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK.
    Rajput, Kaukab
    Cochlear Implant Department, Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK.
    Sirimanna, Tony
    Department of Audiovestibular Medicine, Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK.
    Harrop-Griffiths, Katherine
    Nuffield Hearing and Speech Centre, Royal National Throat Nose and Ear Hospital, London, UK.
    Rahman, Shamima
    Genetic and Genomic Medicine Programme, UCL Great Ormond Street Institute of Child Health, London, UK.
    Vona, Barbara
    Institute of Human Genetics, Julius Maximilians University, Würzburg, Germany.
    Doll, Julia
    Institute of Human Genetics, Julius Maximilians University, Würzburg, Germany.
    Haaf, Thomas
    Institute of Human Genetics, Julius Maximilians University, Würzburg, Germany.
    Bartsch, Oliver
    Institute of Human Genetics, University Medical Centre, Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz, Mainz, Germany.
    Rosewich, Hendrik
    Division of Pediatric Neurology, Department of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, University Medical Center, Göttingen, Germany.
    Moser, Tobias
    Institute for Auditory Neuroscience and InnerEarLab, University Medical Center, Göttingen, Germany.
    Bitner-Glindzicz, Maria
    North East Thames Regional Genetics Service, Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK; Genetic and Genomic Medicine Programme, UCL Great Ormond Street Institute of Child Health, London, UK.
    The CAPOS mutation in ATP1A3 alters Na/K-ATPase function and results in auditory neuropathy which has implications for management (vol 137, pg 111, 2018)2018Inngår i: Human Genetics, ISSN 0340-6717, E-ISSN 1432-1203, Vol. 137, nr 3, s. 279-280Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 42316.
    Tranebjærg, Lisbeth
    et al.
    Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery and Audiology, Rigshospitalet/Bispebjerg, Copenhagen, Denmark; Department of Clinical Genetics, The Kennedy Center, Copenhagen University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark; Institute of Clinical Medicine, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Strenzke, Nicola
    Auditory Systems Physiology Group, InnerEarLab, Department of Otolaryngology, University Medical Center, Göttingen, Germany.
    Lindholm, Sture
    ENT-Department, County Hospital Kalmar, Kalmar, Sweden.
    Rendtorff, Nanna D.
    Department of Clinical Genetics, The Kennedy Center, Copenhagen University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Poulsen, Hanne
    Institute of Biomedicine, University of Aarhus, Aarhus, Denmark.
    Khandelia, Himanshu
    MEMPHYS-Center for Biomembrane Physics, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.
    Kopec, Wojciech
    MEMPHYS-Center for Biomembrane Physics, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark; Computational Biomolecular Dynamics Group, Max Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry, Göttingen, Germany.
    Lyngbye, Troels J Brünnich
    Pediatric Department, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark.
    Hamel, Christian
    Maladies Sensorielles Genetiques, CHRU, Montpellier, France; INSERM U1051, Institute for Neurosciences of Montpellier, Montpellier, France; Universite Montpellier, Montpellier, France.
    Delettre, Cecile
    INSERM U1051, Institute for Neurosciences of Montpellier, Montpellier, France; Universite Montpellier, Montpellier, France.
    Bocquet, Beatrice
    Maladies Sensorielles Genetiques, CHRU, Montpellier, France; INSERM U1051, Institute for Neurosciences of Montpellier, Montpellier, France; Universite Montpellier, Montpellier, France.
    Bille, Michael
    Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery and Audiology, Rigshospitalet/Gentofte Hospital, Hellerup, Denmark.
    Owen, Hanne H.
    Department of Audiology, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark.
    Bek, Toke
    Department of Ophthalmology, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark.
    Jensen, Hanne
    Eye Department Glostrup Hospital, Rigshospitalet, The Kennedy Centre, Glostrup, Denmark.
    Østergaard, Karen
    Department of Neurology, Aarhus University Hospital and University of Aarhus, Aarhus, Denmark.
    Möller, Claes
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper. Audiological Research Centre.
    Luxon, Linda
    Department of Neurotology, National Hospital for Neurology, Queen Square, London, UK.
    Carr, Lucinda
    Department of Neurology, Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK..
    Wilson, Louise
    North East Thames Regional Genetics Service, Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK.
    Rajput, Kaukab
    Cochlear Implant Department, Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK.
    Sirimanna, Tony
    Department of Audiovestibular Medicine, Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK.
    Harrop-Griffiths, Katherine
    Nuffield Hearing and Speech Centre, Royal National Throat Nose and Ear Hospital, London, UK.
    Rahman, Shamima
    Genetic and Genomic Medicine Programme, UCL Great Ormond Street Institute of Child Health, London, UK.
    Vona, Barbara
    Institute of Human Genetics, Julius Maximilians University Würzburg, Würzburg, Germany.
    Doll, Julia
    Institute of Human Genetics, Julius Maximilians University Würzburg, Würzburg, Germany.
    Haaf, Thomas
    Institute of Human Genetics, Julius Maximilians University Würzburg, Würzburg, Germany.
    Bartsch, Oliver
    University Medical Centre, Institute of Human Genetics, Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz, Mainz, Germany.
    Rosewich, Hendrik
    Division of Pediatric Neurology, Department of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, University Medical Center, Göttingen, Germany.
    Moser, Tobias
    Institute for Auditory Neuroscience and InnerEarLab, University Medical Center, Göttingen, Germany.
    Bitner-Glindzicz, Maria
    North East Thames Regional Genetics Service, Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK; Genetic and Genomic Medicine Programme, UCL Great Ormond Street Institute of Child Health, London, UK.
    The CAPOS mutation in ATP1A3 alters Na/K-ATPase function and results in auditory neuropathy which has implications for management2018Inngår i: Human Genetics, ISSN 0340-6717, E-ISSN 1432-1203, Vol. 137, nr 2, s. 111-127Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Cerebellar ataxia, areflexia, pes cavus, optic atrophy and sensorineural hearing impairment (CAPOS) is a rare clinically distinct syndrome caused by a single dominant missense mutation, c.2452G>A, p.Glu818Lys, in ATP1A3, encoding the neuron-specific alpha subunit of the Na+/K+-ATPase α3. Allelic mutations cause the neurological diseases rapid dystonia Parkinsonism and alternating hemiplegia of childhood, disorders which do not encompass hearing or visual impairment. We present detailed clinical phenotypic information in 18 genetically confirmed patients from 11 families (10 previously unreported) from Denmark, Sweden, UK and Germany indicating a specific type of hearing impairment-auditory neuropathy (AN). All patients were clinically suspected of CAPOS and had hearing problems. In this retrospective analysis of audiological data, we show for the first time that cochlear outer hair cell activity was preserved as shown by the presence of otoacoustic emissions and cochlear microphonic potentials, but the auditory brainstem responses were grossly abnormal, likely reflecting neural dyssynchrony. Poor speech perception was observed, especially in noise, which was beyond the hearing level obtained in the pure tone audiograms in several of the patients presented here. Molecular modelling and in vitro electrophysiological studies of the specific CAPOS mutation were performed. Heterologous expression studies of α3 with the p.Glu818Lys mutation affects sodium binding to, and release from, the sodium-specific site in the pump, the third ion-binding site. Molecular dynamics simulations confirm that the structure of the C-terminal region is affected. In conclusion, we demonstrate for the first time evidence for auditory neuropathy in CAPOS syndrome, which may reflect impaired propagation of electrical impulses along the spiral ganglion neurons. This has implications for diagnosis and patient management. Auditory neuropathy is difficult to treat with conventional hearing aids, but preliminary improvement in speech perception in some patients suggests that cochlear implantation may be effective in CAPOS patients.

  • 42317.
    Trankell, Åsa
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Hälsofrämjande och förebyggande arbete med hjälp av extra anpassningar, samverkan och ämnesövergripande arbete: – kvalitativa intervjuer med lärare inom grundskolan2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Att utveckla ett hälsofrämjande och förebyggande arbetssätt i skolor är något som gynnar alla i verksamheten, framförallt elever som inte når skolans kunskapskrav. Den här studien handlar om lärares uppfattning om arbetet med extra anpassningar både på individnivå och i samverkan på skolorna. Den handlar också om hur lärarna uppfattar att extra anpassningar förändras samt hur lärarna uppfattar att elevernas förståelse av sitt eget lärande förändras av ett ämnesövergripande arbetssätt och om detta kan vara ett bidrag till att arbeta hälsofrämjande och förebyggande.Syftet har varit att undersöka hur skolor med ämnesövergripande inriktning arbetar med extra anpassningar i teoretiska och estetiska ämnen. För att undersöka detta har frågeställningarna handlat om hur lärare uppfattar sitt eget och skolans arbete med extra anpassningar, hur de uppfattar att de extra anpassningarna förändras i ett ämnesövergripande arbetssätt samt hur de uppfattar att arbetssättet förändrar elevernas förståelse av sitt eget lärande.Studien är en kvalitativ studie där empirin består av semistrukturerade intervjuer med lärare på två skolor med ämnesövergripande inriktning. Hermeneutiken har utgjort metodansats utifrån den hermeneutiska spiralens samspel mellan del och helhet för att utveckla ny förståelse och kunskap. Studiens teoretiska utgångspunkt har varit ett relationellt perspektiv. Relationer och relationellt perspektiv är centralt i ett hälsofrämjande och förebyggande arbetssätt, alltså att både den psykiska och fysiska miljön hos individ och grupp är av vikt.Resultatet visar att i ämnesövergripande arbete uppfattar lärarna att de extra anpassningarna förändras, men även att elevernas förståelse av kunskapen förändras. Lärarna uttrycker att det är lättare för eleverna att visa sina förmågor och kunskaper när de får använda fler sinnen, men även att det underlättar för lärarna att se deras förmågor.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 42318.
    Traore, Lamine
    et al.
    Inserm, Sorbonne Université, Univ Paris 13, Laboratoire d’Informatique Médicale et d’Ingénierie des Connaissances pour la e-Santé, LIMICS, Paris, France.
    Assélé Kama, Ariane
    Inserm, Sorbonne Université, Univ Paris 13, Laboratoire d’Informatique Médicale et d’Ingénierie des Connaissances pour la e-Santé, LIMICS, Paris, France.
    Lim Choi Keung, Sarah
    Institute of Digital Healthcare, WMG, University of Warwick, Coventry, UK.
    Karni, Liran
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Klein, Gunnar O.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Lilja, Mikael
    Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Unit of Research, Education, and Development Östersund Hospital, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Scandurra, Isabella
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Verdoy, Dolores
    Asociacion Centro De Excelencia Internacional En Investigacion Sobre Cronicidad – Kronikgune, Spain.
    Yuksel, Mustafa
    SRDC Software Research Development & Consultancy Corp, Ankara, Turkey.
    Arvanitis, Theodoros N.
    Institute of Digital Healthcare, WMG, University of Warwick, Coventry, UK.
    Tsopra, Rosy
    Inserm, Sorbonne Université, Univ Paris 13, Laboratoire d’Informatique Médicale et d’Ingénierie des Connaissances pour la e-Santé, LIMICS, Paris, France; AP-HP, Assistance Publique des Hôpitaux de Paris, Paris, France.
    Jaulent, Marie-Christine
    Inserm, Sorbonne Université, Univ Paris 13, Laboratoire d’Informatique Médicale et d’Ingénierie des Connaissances pour la e-Santé, LIMICS, Paris, France.
    User-Centered Design of the C3-Cloud Platform for Elderly with Multiple Diseases - Functional Requirements and Application Testing2019Inngår i: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics, ISSN 0926-9630, E-ISSN 1879-8365, Vol. 264, s. 843-847Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The number of patients with multimorbidity has been steadily increasing in the modern aging societies. The European C3-Cloud project provides a multidisciplinary and patient-centered “Collaborative Care and Cure-system” in the management of elderly with multimorbidity, enabling continous coordination of care activities between multidisciplinary care teams (MDTs), patients and informal care givers (ICG). In this paper, we report how various components of the infrastructure were tested to fulfill the functional requirements and how the entire system was subjected to an early application testing involving different groups of end-users. MDTs from participating European regions were involved in requirement elicitation and test formulation, resulting in 57 questions, distributed via an internet platform, to 48 test participants (22 MDTs, 26 patients) from three pilot sites. The results indicate an overall high level of satisfaction for all Information and Communication Technologie (ICT) components among the users. The early testing also provided user feedback important to consider for technical improvement of the entire system. 

  • 42319.
    Travers Hallberg, Kelly
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Ekstrand, Malin
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    “Förlorar jag min hörsel så förlorar jag ju allt…” En kvalitativ studie om ljudmiljö, ljudvanor och tankar kring att exponeras för starka ljud hos studerande på musikproduktionsprogrammet2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 42320.
    Travtjenko, Linn
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper.
    Neurophysiological pain assessment in new-borns: - In comparison with a composite pain scale2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
  • 42321.
    Travtjenko, Linn
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper.
    Oral glukos för att minska smärta vid rutinmässig barnläkarundersökning av nyfödda barn - smärtskattning av föräldrar och barnläkare2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 42322.
    Traxler, Juliane
    et al.
    Department on Clinical Psychological Science, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands; Research Centre for Health Psychology, University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.
    Schrooten, Martien G. S.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete. Research Centre for Health Psychology, University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.
    Dibbets, Pauline
    Department on Clinical Psychological Science, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands.
    Vancleef, Linda M G
    Department on Clinical Psychological Science, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands.
    Interpretation bias in the face of pain: a discriminatory fear conditioning approach2019Inngår i: Scandinavian Journal of Pain, ISSN 1877-8860, E-ISSN 1877-8879, Vol. 19, nr 2, s. 383-395Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background and aims: Interpreting pain- and illness-related stimuli as health-threatening is common among chronic pain patients but also occurs in the general population. As interpretation bias (IB) may affect pain perception and might even play part in the development and maintenance of chronic pain, it is important to improve our understanding of this concept. Several studies suggest an association between IB and pain-related anxiety. However, those studies often rely on verbal and pictorial IB tasks that do not entail a threat of actual pain, therefore lacking personal relevance for healthy participants. The current study investigated whether healthy individuals show an IB towards ambiguous health-related stimuli in a context of actual pain threat, and explored whether this bias is associated to pain anxiety constructs.

    Methods: Thirty-six healthy participants were conditioned to expect painful electrocutaneous shocks (unconditioned stimulus - US) after health-threat words (CS+) but not after neutral (non-health-threat) words (CS-) in order to establish fear of pain. Subsequently, they completed a verbal interpretation task that contained new CS+ and CS- stimuli as well as ambiguous non-reinforced health-threat and non-health-threat words. IB was assessed through shock expectancy ratings and startle responses to ambiguous and evident health threatening or neutral word stimuli. Pain-related anxiety was measured with validated questionnaires.

    Results: The results show a general IB towards ambiguous health-related words on pain expectancies but not on startle response. An exploratory analysis suggests that this effect exists irrespective of pain-related anxiety levels which however may be due to a lack of power.

    Conclusion: We present a novel experimental paradigm employing actual health threat that captures IB towards health-related stimuli in healthy individuals. Taken together, results provide evidence for the further consideration of IB as a latent vulnerability factor in the onset and maintenance of pain chronicity. In contrast to previous studies employing a safe, pain-free context, we found that healthy participants show an IB towards ambiguous health-related stimuli, when confronted with pain threat.

    Implications: Like chronic pain patients, healthy individuals display an IB towards health-threat stimuli when these stimuli become personally relevant by carrying information about pending health threat. Therefore, the presented paradigm could be valuable for pain-related cognitive bias research in healthy participants as it may have a higher ecological validity than previous study designs. Future studies will have to elucidate the influence of anxiety constructs on IB in larger samples.

  • 42323.
    Trenkler, Irmin
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för naturvetenskap och teknik.
    Managementsystem för livsmedelsindustrin2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna rapport beskriver utvecklingsprocessen av en programvara som jag har skapat för ett företag inom livsmedelsindustrin. Detta företag har tillverkat en ny produktgren och krävde ett verktyg för administrering av allt från produktion till leveranser. Då den befintliga programvaran inte var lämpad för denna uppgift, utvecklades en skräddarsydd lösning för just detta ändamål och med hänsyn till företagets kompetens och utrustning.

     

    Den som läser denna rapport bör ha grundläggande förståelse för programutveckling samt programmeringsspråket C#.

  • 42324.
    Trenta, Cristina
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    A Gender Perspective on the Role of Tax Law in Support of the Sustainable Development Goals and the New European Consensus on Development2019Inngår i: Proceedings of the Workshop on Sustainable taxation, Global challenges and legal solutions, University of Gävle, April 8- 9, Sweden, 2019Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 42325.
    Trenta, Cristina
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    A Gender Perspective on the Role of Tax Law in Support of the Sustainable Development Goals and the New European Consensus on Development2019Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper investigates the role of taxation in the light of the evolution from the UN Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) to the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in the current European tax law and development landscape and in connection to the New European Consensus on Development. Paying specific attention to the gender and human rights implications of tax systems in the achievement of the SDGs, the paper identifies those EU tax law or public finance measures that have the larger impact on the SDGs problem space and provides an initial framing for discussing how EU and EU Member states might proceed to amend, or implement where necessary, opportune and considerate measures to best support the goals.

  • 42326.
    Trenta, Cristina
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Bitcoin and virtual currencies. Reflections in the wake of the CJEU’s bitcoin VAT judgement (Bitcoin e valute virtuali. Alcune riflessioni alla luce della deci-sione della Corte di Giustizia UE sul regime IVA applicabile ai bitcoin)2016Inngår i: Tax Law Quarterly (Rivista trimestrale di Diritto Tributario), ISSN 2280-1332, Vol. 4, s. 949-974Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper discusses the CJEU’s case in Skatteverket v. David Hedqvist, dealing withthe VAT treatment of bitcoin transactions. The research reaches the conclusion that, although the CJEU’s final decision is sound, it does not consider the current case law and literature on this point, resulting stricti juris lacking of a legal reasoning in its essential parts and also quite problematic, since it reduces the discussion to a mere linguistic issue.

  • 42327.
    Trenta, Cristina
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Disaster management in the Nordic countries: public finance, taxation, and insurance2015Inngår i: Tax implications of natural disasters and pollution / [ed] Massimo Basilavecchia, Lorenzo del Federico, Pietro Mastellone, Wolters Kluwer, Alphen aan den Rijn: Kluwer Law International, 2015Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the role of public finance, taxation and insurance in dealing with natural disasters and exceptional occurrences that may produce long-term consequences on public policies. Paying specific attention to the so-called Nordic countries: Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, and Sweden, the paper analyzes these countries’ strategies in the management of natural disasters through comparative analysis and offers a critical review of the existing legal frameworks.

  • 42328.
    Trenta, Cristina
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Discussant, The sale of work of art: issues of qualification within the national situations and in cross-border scenarios2019Konferansepaper (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 42329.
    Trenta, Cristina
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    EU Regulation 2016/679: the age of consent and possible VAT consequences when accessing information society services2018Inngår i: Skattenytt, ISSN 0346-1254, Vol. 68, nr 3, s. 90-107Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This contribution examines the new EU Regulation 2016/679 on the protection of personal data, which entered into force May 24 2016, in the light of its possible effects on the EU VAT system. The Regulation establishes an age threshold for consensus when accessing an information society service.

    This rather broad category encompasses among others streaming services such as Spotify or Netflix, social media platforms such as Facebook or Instagram, auction platforms such as eBay, and online video games. Many of these platforms allow individual users to set up exchanges through microtransactions and support flourishing parallel micro-economies. The Regulation explicitly requires parental consent only for minors under the age of 16, unless different positive norms exist at the national level in the Member State, and sets a hard lower limit at 13.

    The article discusses the scenarios opened by the Regulation in respect to minors and digital marketplaces, paying specific attention to consideration, the profile of taxable persons, and the VAT consequences thereof; to the interplay between the Regulation, VAT, and the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights; and to what, if any, parts of the EU framework that triggers VAT liability are in any way impacted by the new rules.

  • 42330.
    Trenta, Cristina
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    European VAT and the digital economy: recent developments2018Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 42331.
    Trenta, Cristina
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    European VAT and the digital economy: recent developments2019Inngår i: eJournal of Tax Research, ISSN 1448-2398, Vol. 17, nr 1, s. 118-133Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article investigates the most recent developments in the field of European value added tax (VAT) law in relation to the digital economy and in particular to the treatment and fiscal consequences of peer-to-peer technologies, consumer-to-consumer models, and barter transactions. The article's aim is to assess whether progress has been made in the field and to discuss the most recent legislative developments. The article examines practical and theoretical concerns in detail and assesses current regulations through the lens of the rule of law as a cornerstone of European law that must be respected.

  • 42332.
    Trenta, Cristina
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Foreword2019Inngår i: Juridicum Anthology 2019 / [ed] Cristina Trenta, Örebro, Sweden: Örebro University , 2019, s. 13-15Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 42333.
    Trenta, Cristina
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Human organ transplants: Supply of goods or inalienable fundamental right2016Inngår i: Festskrift till Björn Westberg / [ed] Kristoffersson, E., Olsson, S., Rendahl, P., Uppsala: Iustus förlag, 2016, s. 187-207Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 42334.
    Trenta, Cristina
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Human organ transplants: Supply of goods or inalienable fundamental right?2015Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 42335.
    Trenta, Cristina
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Internet search engines: a VAT analysis2016Inngår i: Value added tax and the digital economy: the 2015 EU rules and broader issues / [ed] Lamensch, M., Traversa, E., Thiel, S. van, Alphen aan den Rijn, the Netherlands: Kluwer Law International, 2016, s. 117-133Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 42336.
    Trenta, Cristina
    Alma Mater Studiorum- University of Bologna- Faculty of Law Bologna (Italy.
    Iva e servizi di comunicazione nel modello comunitario e nell'esperienza italo-svedese2007Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    That PhD research was mainly concerned with the national implementations of Directives1999/59/EC and 2002/38/EC, currently contained in Directive 2006/112/EC, in respect tocommunication services in the field of VAT and territoriality of intellectual services andintangible assets, in both Sweden and Italy. It aimed at providing an overview of Communityrequirements, and of current issues, national debates, steps towards compliance and thedifferent degree of harmonisation within the European regulatory framework attained in thetwo countries. It also detailed the changes in Swedish and Italian VAT Tax Law in connectionwith communication services. Special attention was devoted to providing a correct model forthe classification of transactions relating to telecommunications services, radio and televisionbroadcasting services and services supplied by electronic means, at both the Community andnational levels, as this identification and classification directly shapes the very way the rules ofterritoriality are applied.As such, that research targeted some of the most critical aspects of the nationalimplementations in the two countries and their possible lack of harmonization with theEuropean framework:1. the problem of the identification and classification of telecommunication services, radioand television broadcasting services and services supplied by electronic means at theCommunity level and in the two countries, in relation to territoriality;2. the principle of territoriality at the Community level in the field of telecommunications,radio and television broadcasting and electronic services, and its implementation in Swedenand Italy;3. the VAT rates applicable to each of these services and the impact of these rates onnational tax systems.Therefore, that research did not investigate European legislation per se, but rather as seenthrough the lens of national systems as they are implemented by means of laws and decrees.The results showed a lack of harmonization connected with the national implementation ofDirectives and suggested the factual possibility that double imposition (or lack of imposition aswell) issues may rise in transactions between Member States. It was clear how these issuesbuilt on a generic lack of clarity which is evident in the text of the Directives, and inimplementation errors at the national level.

  • 42337.
    Trenta, Cristina
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Juridicum Anthology 20192019Collection/Antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Juridicum Anthology 2019
    Download (pdf)
    Cover
  • 42338.
    Trenta, Cristina
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Migrants and Refugees: A EU Perspective on Upholding Human Rights through Taxation and Public Finance.2017Inngår i: Saint Louis University Law Journal, ISSN 0036-3030, Vol. 62, nr 1, s. 1-18Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper aims first at investigating whether there is any connection between taxation and public finance on one side and the migrants and refugees problem on the other side, compounding traditional tax law analysis with the larger picture provided by the ongoing debate on human rights and its reflections in national policies. It then discusses the existing EU obligations in the light of both European and international regulations and constraints in the area and concludes illustrating the role taxation could play in supporting solutions to the refugees and migrants crisis that are respectful of the principles adopted by the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights.

  • 42339.
    Trenta, Cristina
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    OECD BEPS ACTION 1 -- Address the tax challenges of the digital economy: Contribution to the open discussion draft with comments on "Tax Policies in P2P Digital Content Distribution"2014Annet (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 42340.
    Trenta, Cristina
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Public finance and tax incentives for areas struck by natural disasters and pollution, effectiveness of financial measures and reform perspectives2013Konferanseproceedings (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 42341.
    Trenta, Cristina
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Rethinking EU VAT for P2P distribution2015Bok (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Peer-to-peer (P2P) networks – decentralized group structures allowing anyone to easily download and share resources online – already play a critical role in the distribution of digital content. Most of the debate on P2P heretofore has focused on copyright issues. However, as the basis for legitimate business models a number of companies have already quietly embraced, P2P has a largely unknown and underestimated impact on taxation, with vast repercussions on the development of mature, profitable markets. This book analyses the current framing for digital and media supplies provided via P2P technologies through the lens of an interdisciplinary approach drawing on tax law, computer science, economics, copyright law, and business studies. VAT concepts such as those of economic activity and taxable person, taxable transactions, consideration, barter and taxable amount, and territoriality rules are discussed in connection with P2P, as is the evaluation of VAT liability for P2P operations in the presence of copyright infringement. Topics and issues considered include: ;

    • centralized and decentralized P2P networks;
    • free-riding problems;
    • identifying actors in P2P networks for VAT purposes;
    • P2P and place of supply; and
    • pros and cons of integrating P2P with taxation regimes and especially VAT systems.

    The analysis draws on a vast range of sources, including EU legislation and case law, tax law literature and doctrine, international conventions and treaties, Council of Europe and OECD documents, ECHR case law, and official documents and cases from key jurisdictions worldwide, offering the first thoroughly grounded approach to overcoming the lack of understanding and awareness of ongoing changes currently separating the digital economy and traditional taxation systems, and a solid platform for discussion to the diverse communities of researchers and professionals interested in P2P.

  • 42342. Trenta, Cristina
    Sul termine previsto dall'art. 36 bis d.p.r. 600/1973, (comment) Commissione Tributaria Provinciale di Parma 6 June 19981999Inngår i: Il foro padano, ISSN 0015-7856, Vol. 2, s. 303-315Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 42343.
    Trenta, Cristina
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Tax Havens, Merry-go-rounds, and Dutch Sandwiches – An initial analysis of the language used to describe noncompliant fiscal behavior2018Inngår i: Rättsliga och ekonomiska reflektioner över internationell skatteplanering / [ed] Lind, Yvette, Uppsala, Sweden: Iustus förlag , 2018, s. 94-128Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyzes the terminology used by mainstream media and then often echoed in official documents and scholarly writing to describe illicit tax behaviors such as tax crimes, tax fraud and evasion as committed by individuals and organizations. It provides an initial catalog and taxonomy for the different terms currently in use, which include expressions such as tax haven or tax paradise, safe harbor, Dutch sandwich, double Irish, VAT carousel, or VAT merry-go-round, tries to trace their origins where possible, and argues that they mostly suggest and reinforce positive associations with safe places, food or drinks, or playful behavior, and therefore implicitly introduce in the collective imagination ideas of tolerance and indulgence for what is de facto illicit and legally sanctioned behavior. The paper compares terms and expressions in English, Swedish, and Italian, and constitutes a first step towards a more thorough analysis of mainstream tax language and of its consequences on policing, public conversations on revenue collection, and society at large.

  • 42344.
    Trenta, Cristina
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Tax Havens, Merry-go-rounds, and Dutch Sandwiches: An analysis of the language used for describing illicit fiscal behaviors2018Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyzes the terminology used by mainstream media and then often echoed in official documents and scholarly writing to describe illicit tax behaviors such as tax crimes, tax fraud and evasion as committed by individuals and organizations. It provides an initial catalog and taxonomy for the different terms currently in use, which include expressions such as tax haven or tax paradise, safe harbor, Dutch sandwich, double Irish, VAT carousel, or VAT merry-go-round, tries to trace their origins where possible, and argues that they mostly suggest and reinforce positive associations with safe places, food or drinks, or playful behavior, and therefore implicitly introduce in the collective imagination ideas of tolerance and indulgence for what is de facto illicit and legally sanctioned behavior. The paper compares terms and expressions in English, Swedish, and Italian, and constitutes a first step towards a more thorough analysis of mainstream tax language and of its consequences on policing, public conversations on revenue collection, and society at large.

  • 42345.
    Trenta, Cristina
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Tax Implications of Natural Disasters and Pollution, Public Financial Measures and Reform Perspectives in the EU2016Inngår i: Juridicums Årsbok 2014-2015 / [ed] Josef Zila, Örebro: Örebro University , 2016, s. 355-369Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 42346. Trenta, Cristina
    Tax Implications of Natural Disasters and Pollution: Public Financial Measures and ReformPerspectives in the EU2015Inngår i: International Tax Law Review, ISSN 1824-1476Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is twofold: first, I will evaluate the effectiveness of public financial measures in the role of prevention and mitigation of damages coming from natural disaster, technical hazards, and pollution, within a European perspective; second, I will speculate whether this effectiveness is optimal, sub-optimal, or producing entirely unwanted effects. The final goal being that of providing benchmarks for further analysis, and suggest possible improvement in the view of future reforms.

  • 42347.
    Trenta, Cristina
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete. European Commission, VAT Expert Group, Brussels, Belgium.
    Taxable Supplies and Their Consideration in European VAT - With Selected Examples of the Digital Economy2019Inngår i: Intertax, ISSN 0165-2826, E-ISSN 1875-8347, Vol. 47, nr 10, s. 904-906Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 42348.
    Trenta, Cristina
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    The EU Charter and the protection of the financial interests of the EU2019Inngår i: Skattenytt, ISSN 0346-1254, nr 7-8, s. 559-576Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article discusses the Court of Justice of the European Union’s Dzivev case dealing with the exclusion of evidence requiring prior judicial authorisation from prosecution in a VAT-related EU case. Authorization to collect evidence was initially given by a national court lacking jurisdiction. Requests to clarify whether or not such evidence could be used during the criminal proceedings led the Court of Justice of the European Union to state that the obligation for EU Member states to ensure the effective collection of European Union’s resources by means of tax revenue does not exonerate national courts from the implementation of the principle of legality and of the rule of law, as these are fundamental pillars on which the European Union is founded. The ruling finds its rationale on a joint interpretation of the TFEU, of the Convention of the Treaty on European Union on the protection of the European Communities’ financial interests, and of the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights. The article concludes that the Court’s judgment is commendable and represents a necessary development in establishing the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights as a fundamental element in the broader EU VAT discourses.

  • 42349.
    Trenta, Cristina
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    The EU Digital Single Market: An Overview2019Inngår i: Juridicum Anthology 2019 / [ed] Cristina Trenta, Sweden: Örebro University , 2019, s. 73-80Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    This essay addresses a few core aspects of the current EU legal framework concerning the internet and the digitalization process, and provides initial reflections on the newly issued legislation regulating internet-based or internet-related activities, the primary aimbeing that of raising awareness of both the opportunities that a more cohesive and con -sistent integration of internet technologies into social processes allows, and of the various legislative or legislation-related pitfalls and gray areas that need to be acknowledged,evaluated, and in some cases amended.

  • 42350.
    Trenta, Cristina
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    The Italian “Google Tax” National taxation and the European e-Economy2015Inngår i: Tax Law Quarterly (Rivista trimestrale di Diritto Tributario), ISSN 2280-1332Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyzes the measures introduced within the VAT Italian Act dealing with onlineadvertising through the so called “Google Tax”, with a specific focus on VAT regulations.Even tough the “Google Tax” has been eventually repealed, a thorough examination of its legal andfiscal profile in connection with both national and European legislation, the EU fundamentalfreedoms and rights, and the Italian Constitutional principles, provides guiding principles for futurelegislative initiatives in the area of the blooming digital economy

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