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  • 42351.
    Åstrøm, Anne Nordrehaug
    et al.
    Department of Clinical Dentistry, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.
    Ekbäck, Gunnar
    Department of Dentistry, Örebro County Council, Örebro, Sweden.
    Ordell, Sven
    Dental Commissioning Unit, Östergötland County Council, Östergötland, Sweden.
    Nasir, Elwalid
    Department of Clinical Dentistry, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.
    Long-term routine dental attendance: influence on tooth loss and oral health-related quality of life in Swedish older adults2014Inngår i: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology, ISSN 0301-5661, E-ISSN 1600-0528, Vol. 42, nr 5, s. 460-469Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVES: Few studies have investigated the effect of long-term routine dental attendance on oral health between middle-aged and older adults, using a prospective cohort design. This study aimed to assess routine dental attendance (attending dentist in the previous 12 months for dental checkups) from age 50 to 65 years. Moreover, this study examined whether long-term routine dental attendance contributes to oral health-related quality of life, OHRQoL, and major tooth loss independent of social factors and the type of treatment sector utilized. Whether oral health impacts of long-term routine attendance varied with type of treatment sector utilized was also investigated.

    METHOD: In 1992, a census of the 1942 cohort in two counties of Sweden participated in a longitudinal questionnaire survey conducted at age 50 and again after 5, 10, and 15 years. Information was collected on a wide range of health- and oral health-related aspects. Of the 6346 subjects who completed the 1992 survey, 4143 (65%) completed postal follow-ups in 1997, 2002, and 2007.

    RESULTS: Routine dental attendance decreased from 69.1% at age 50-64.2% at age 65. Adjusted logistic regression analyses revealed that individuals reporting long-term routine attendance (routine attendance in both 1992 and 2007) were 0.3 (95% CI 0.2-0.5) times less likely than their counterparts who were nonroutine attenders to report oral impacts. According to generalized estimating equations (GEE), individuals who reported long-term routine attendance were 0.6 (95% CI 0.4-0.7) times less likely than nonroutine attenders to have major tooth loss across the survey years. The effect of long-term routine attendance on OHRQoL was stronger in public than in private dental healthcare attenders.

    CONCLUSION: Routine attendance decreased from age 50-65 years. Long-term routine attendance had positive impact on major tooth loss and OHRQoL supporting the principle of encouraging annual dental attendance for preventive checkups among older people.

  • 42352.
    Åstrøm, Anne Nordrehaug
    et al.
    Institute of Clinical Dentistry-Community Dentistry, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.
    Ekbäck, Gunnar
    Department of Dentistry, Örebro County Council, Örebro, Sweden.
    Ordell, Sven
    Dental Commissioning Unit, Östergötland County Council, Linköping, Sweden.
    Unell, Lennart
    Department of Oral Public Health, Malmö University, Malmö, Sweden.
    Social inequality in oral health-related quality-of-life, OHRQoL, at early older age: evidence from a prospective cohort study2011Inngår i: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, E-ISSN 1502-3850, Vol. 69, nr 6, s. 334-342Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess the long-term effect of socio-behavioral characteristics on oral impacts on daily performances (OIDP) at age 65 and the influence on OIDP at age 65 of changes in socio-behavioral characteristics between age 50 and 65.

    METHODS: In 1992, all 50-year-olds in two counties of Sweden were invited to participate in a longitudinal survey. A total of 6346 responded and, of those, 4143 completed follow-ups at ages 55, 60 and 65 years.

    RESULTS: At age 65, 26.9% had oral impacts. Subjects being immigrants, being unmarried, reporting economic barriers, bad general health, bad quality dental care, less than annual dental attendance, limited social network and smoking at age 50 experienced oral impacts at age 65 more frequently than their counterparts in the opposite groups. Compared to the stable advantaged groups, stable disadvantaged groups regarding marital status, health status, smoking and reported quality of care had increased ORs for oral impacts. Compared to the stable advantaged groups, those who experienced deterioration with respect to health status, dental attendance and quality of oral health care and those who quitted smoking had increased ORs for oral impacts.

    CONCLUSIONS: Disadvantaged socio-behavioral condition at age 50 had a long lasting detrimental effect on OHRQoL at age 65. Deterioration in socio-behavioral circumstances was associated with increased oral impacts. Early protection against the effect of socio-behavioral adversity by imposing economic barriers, ensure provision of high quality care and by promotion of healthy lifestyles seems to have the potential to reduce oral impacts at older ages.

  • 42353.
    Åstrøm, Anne Nordrehaug
    et al.
    Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, Institute of Clinical Odontology-Community Dentistry, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway; Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.
    Ekbäck, Gunnar
    Department of Dentistry, Örebro County Council, Örebro, Sweden.
    Ordell, Sven
    Dental Commissioning Unit Östergötland County Council, Linköping, Sweden.
    Unell, Lennart
    Department of Oral Public Health, Malmö University, Malmö, Sweden.
    Socio-behavioral predictors of changes in dentition status: a prospective analysis of the 1942 Swedish birth cohort2011Inngår i: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology, ISSN 0301-5661, E-ISSN 1600-0528, Vol. 39, nr 4, s. 300-310Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVES: Using a prospective cohort design, this study assessed loss of natural teeth between ages 50 and 65. Guided by a conceptual framework grouping variables according to the life-course stage at which they would be expected to operate, this study assessed the impacts of socio-behavioral and disease-related factors on tooth loss between ages 50 and 65.

    METHODS: In 1992, all 50-year-olds in two counties of Sweden were invited to participate in a longitudinal questionnaire survey. Of the total population of 8,888 subjects, 6,346 responded (71.4%). Of the 6346 subjects who completed the 1992 questionnaire, 4,143 (65%) completed postal follow-ups at ages 55, 60 and 65.

    RESULTS: For the total sample, the prevalence of having lost at least some teeth increased from 76% at age 50-85.5% at age 65. A total of 14% women and 13% men changed from having all teeth in 1992 to having tooth loss in 2007. Stepwise logistic regression analyses focused on predictors of tooth loss between 1992 and 2007. The following life-stage predictors achieved or approached statistical significance with respect to overall tooth loss; country of birth and education (early life and young adult life stage), marital status, dental care avoidance because of high cost, smoking and reporting consistent pain (middle-age and early-old-age life stage).

    CONCLUSION: Fewer substantial proportions of the 1942 cohort experienced tooth loss between ages 50 and 65. Tooth loss was highly prevalent from age 50 and increased moderately with increasing age. Oral disease-related factors and socio-behavioral characteristics such as refraining from dental care because of financial limitations, acting at earlier and later life-course stages were major risk factors for having tooth loss. Early primary prevention of smoking and increased equitable access to dental care might improve tooth retention throughout the transition from middle age to early-older age.

  • 42354.
    Åwall, David
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för naturvetenskap och teknik.
    Alm, Otto
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för naturvetenskap och teknik.
    Utveckling av byggemenskap i Sverige: Development of Joint Building Venture in Sweden2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med detta examensarbete är att redogöra förutsättningarna för ett genombrott av bygggemenskap

    i Sverige med fokus på Örebro. Arbetet beskriver vilka för- och nackdelar med

    byggemenskap som talar för respektive emot ett genombrott, samt vilka åtgärder som kan

    göras för att underlätta ett genombrott.

    Nödvändig teori för analysarbetet insamlades genom att besöka Freiburg i byggemenskapernas

    hemland, Tyskland, och där intervjua en konsultbyrå som initierar och ger råd om bygggemenskaper.

    Även i Sverige intervjuades personer med god kunskap om ämnet och på så vis

    kunde jämförelser och slutsatser dras mellan byggemenskaper i Sverige och Tyskland. Ytterligare

    teori hämtades från litteratur.

    Det som talar för ett genombrott av byggemenskaper är:

    • Möjligheten att utforma sitt eget boende.

    • Bo i ett individanpassat hem i städernas centrala delar.

    • Kunna välja grannar innan inflyttning.

    • Att det är ekonomiskt fördelaktigt med byggemenskap.

    Det som talar emot ett genombrott av byggemenskaper är:

    • Projekten tar ofta lång tid och är svåra att på förhand prissätta.

    • Gruppdynamik och samspel i gruppen kan vara ett problem då det är svårt att komma

    överens om vissa frågor medlemmarna har olika uppfattning om.

    • Problematiskt att hitta människor som vill gå med i en byggemenskap med liknande

    uppfattning om utformning och funktion på det blivande huset.

    Åtgärder för att underlätta ett genombrott i Sverige är:

    • Att stöd ges från kommunen genom att byggemenskaper får förtur på köp och val av

    mark.

    • Till viss del att människor som vill bli medlemmar i en byggemenskap enklare kan

    finna varandra.

    • Att vinna bankernas förtroende till boendeformen och på så sätt få dem beredda att enklare lämna krediter.

  • 42355.
    Öberg, Anton
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Eutanasi: En potentiell rättighet enligt EKMR och dess problematik2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 42356.
    Öberg, Anton
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Positive discrimination as an exception to the ECHR: A problematic exception2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
  • 42357.
    Öberg, Carolina
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Adolfsson, Zandra
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Att leva med bipolär sjukdomEn litteraturstudie om personers upplevelser av att leva med bipolär sjukdom2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 42358.
    Öberg, Cecilia
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Framställning av syskon i Astrid Lindgrens Än lever Emil i Lönneberga och Madicken 2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med uppsatsen är att ta reda på hur syskonrelationer framställs i två av Astrid Lindgrens böcker. Än lever Emil i Lönneberga (1967) och Madicken (1967).

    Vidare är syftet att undersöka hur pojkar respektive flickor skildras i dessa böcker.

    Med hjälp av en kvalitativ textanalys och en närläsning av böckerna har dessa analyserats utifrån Maria Nikolajevas (1998) redskap för en boks karaktärer. Nikolajevas abstrakta schema för vilka egenskaper som anses vara normativa för flickor respektive pojkar kommer även det att ligga till grund för analysen. Resultatet visar att de analyserade karaktärerna visade upp egenskaper som både är typiskt manliga/pojkiga respektive kvinnliga/flickiga.

  • 42359.
    Öberg, Christina
    Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Accounting for Customer Relationship Dissolution: The Case of Arthur Andersen2006Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 42360.
    Öberg, Christina
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Acquiring once, acquiring twice: Lessons learned from repeated acquisitions of innovative firms2011Inngår i: International Journal of Innovation Management, ISSN 1363-9196, E-ISSN 1757-5877, Vol. 15, nr 6, s. 1243-1269Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper describes and discusses learning in repeated acquisitions of innovative firms. Researchers have pointed to how companies may improve performance through conducting repeated acquisitions, while they have not previously focused on repeated acquisitions of innovative firms. Findings of this present study are summarised in five learnings: forming a professional organisation that deals with acquisitions; acquiring present, ready-for-market innovations rather than innovative capabilities; acquiring complementary rather than diverse innovations; keeping the innovator and disbanding from him/her; and the slow process of integration. The findings indicate risk reductions and decreased diversification foci in later acquisitions. They also pinpoint learning on how to handle acquisitions, not just knowledge related to the acquired party. The paper contributes to research on acquisitions of innovative firms through discussing performance improvements and what expectations to place on acquisitions. It also contributes to the learning literature through providing a case illustration on a company that changed its acquisition strategy based on knowledge accumulated through previous acquisitions.

  • 42361.
    Öberg, Christina
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet. Leeds University, Leeds, United Kingdom; University of Exeter, Exeter, United Kingdom.
    Acquisition as an adaptation strategy2016Inngår i: The Routledge Companion to Mergers and Acquisitions / [ed] King, David R.,; Risberg, Annette; Meglio, Olimpia, London: Routledge, 2016, s. 27-39Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 42362.
    Öberg, Christina
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Acquisitions and open innovation: A literature review and extension2016Inngår i: Mergers and acquisitions, entrepreneurship and innovation / [ed] Yaakov Weber, Shlomo Tarba, Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2016, s. 31-58Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Researchers have shown increased interest in open innovation – that is, the inflow and outflow of ideas, or the collaborative efforts of innovating – while previous research on acquisitions of innovative firms has foremost focused on the inflow only. Open innovation, however, introduces several new challenges related to acquisitions of such firms, not the least related to intellectual property rights and innovative skills that may be distributed among several parties. This paper explores what issues the literature on open innovation and acquisitions deals with related to acquisitions in open innovation environments.

    A systematic literature review is conducted to achieve the purpose of the paper. Two main questions are addressed. First, how can acquisitions be understood in relation to open innovation? Second, what does the open innovation literature say on matters of distributed innovations in relation to acquisitions?

    The paper concludes that there is a quite limited amount of research concerning itself with open innovation and acquisitions combined. Furthermore, acquisitions are for the most part seen as a means to reach innovation in transaction-based transfers between parties.

    With acquisitions of innovative firms, in general, being seen as an important means to reach new ideas, while open innovation is on the rise, the juxtaposing of these phenomena would be of high practical and theoretical relevance to study further.

  • 42363.
    Öberg, Christina
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Andgewandte Kompetenz: Projektbasierte Kompetenzenetzwerke zur Arbeitsorganisation2012Inngår i: Arbeit im wandel: Trends und Herausforderungen der modernen Arbeitswelt / [ed] Jeschke, Sabina; Hees, Frank; Richert, Anja; Trantow, Sven, Berlin: LIT Verlag, 2012, s. 53-56Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 42364.
    Öberg, Christina
    Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    BT Industries: A case study on acquisitions2007Rapport (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 42365.
    Öberg, Christina
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Bättre ekonomi: klokare beslutsfattande genom bättre analys av nyckeltal och ekonomiska rapporter2012 (oppl. 1)Bok (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 42366.
    Öberg, Christina
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Competence in use: project-based competence nets as way to organize work2012Inngår i: Prethinking work: insights on the future of work / [ed] Sabina Jeschke; Frank Hees; Anja Simone Richert; Sven Trantow, LIT Verlag , 2012, s. 33-34Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 42367.
    Öberg, Christina
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden; Centre for Innovation and Service Research, University of Exeter Business School, Exeter, United Kingdom.
    Competence integration in creative processes2013Inngår i: Industrial Marketing Management, ISSN 0019-8501, E-ISSN 1873-2062, Vol. 42, nr 1, s. 113-124Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Research on creativity focuses extensively on it as a personal skill or discusses how an organization can contribute to a creative environment for its staff. Rather than referring to the organization as the environment, this paper concerns interorganizational and intraorganizational interaction between different creative individuals who together shape the creative process and output. Specifically, the paper focuses on the integration of new competences into present structures, thereby emphasizing competences in use in creative processes. Two case studies from the advertising sector illustrate the integration of competences obtained through interorganizational interaction and the hiring/development of staff. The paper concludes that the integration of new competence is path dependent. As a new competence is added, the creative process becomes increasingly complex and marked by representation rather than participation in creative processes. An overlap between competences is necessary if they are to add to the output. This paper contributes to research on creativity at interorganizational and intraorganizational levels through exploring differences between competences per se and competences in use in regard to the integration of competence in creative processes. It also contributes to research on advertising through its depiction of competence integration among advertising agencies.

  • 42368.
    Öberg, Christina
    Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Coordinating for creativity2010Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 42369.
    Öberg, Christina
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Corporate divorce: Interconnecting disrupted and fading changes2012Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper describes and discusses changes oninter-organizational and intra-organizational levels of corporate divorce. Corporate divorce refers to the separation of previous merged companies. The paper illustrates changes following a corporate divorce through a single case study. The changes are classified into disrupted or fading ones to illustrate whether they are sudden or describe ever decreasing involvement. Five different changes are found in the case: fading production, disrupted relationships with wholesalers on one market, while fading on another, and staff changes representing both disruptedchanges and fading ones. The changes are connected in a pattern that indicates how fading changes may cause new fading ones, or disrupted ones, and how disrupted changes may lead to fading or disrupted changes on levels that interconnect inter-organizational changes with intra-organizational ones. While the companies are separated back to the units as prior to the merger, the reversal does not describe them returning to their previous forms, hence indicating that a merger also reshapes the individual companies in a lasting way. The paper contributes to research in its discussion on the interconnectivity of inter-organizational and intra-organizational changes, and to literature on organizational decline, divestment and dissolution through pointing to the consequences of a separation of firms.

  • 42370.
    Öberg, Christina
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Could liability of foreignness explain reverse acquisitions?2016Inngår i: EIBA 2016, 2016Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 42371.
    Öberg, Christina
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Customer relationship challenges following international acquisitions2014Inngår i: International Marketing Review, ISSN 0265-1335, E-ISSN 1758-6763, Vol. 31, nr 3, s. 259-282Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: An important task following international acquisitions is to coordinate customer relationships; that is, to organise customer interfaces and possibly establish new relationships between customers and the acquirer/the acquired party. Yet, such coordination may prove to be problematic, not the least since customers react to acquisitions. The purpose of this paper is to describe and discuss customer relationship coordination challenges following international acquisitions. Focus is placed on business-to-business customers in the country of the acquired party.

    Design/methodology/approach: The paper is based on three case studies representing overlapping customers, customers of an acquired party new to the acquirer, and customers new to the acquired party. Non-standardised, face-to-face interviews were the main data source, and were complemented with secondary data such as newspaper items and annual reports.

    Findings: Three main challenges are identified: internal competition and cannibalisation; customers not being interested in the new party; and the acquired party demonstrating its independence through customers.

    Practical implications: Managerially, any coordination of customer relationships needs to be weighted towards risks for customer losses. It is important to maintain ties to customers – sales and maintenance staff, the product/service, etc. – if customers are to continue with the firm. It is also important that sales and maintenance staff see the benefits of the acquisition. Originality/value – While international acquisitions are a frequent means to reach new markets and customers, the problems of coordinating customer relationships following them have not been previously researched. Theoretically, the paper contributes to research through categorising and contextually explaining customer relationship coordination challenges in international acquisitions.

  • 42372.
    Öberg, Christina
    Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Customer Relationship Dissolution following Mergers and Acquisitions: Reasons, Counterforces and Consequences2009Inngår i: Joint Ventures, Mergers and Acquisitions, and Capital Flow / [ed] James B. Tobin and Lawrence R. Parker, Nova Science Publishers, Inc., 2009, s. 207-237Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 42373.
    Öberg, Christina
    Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Customer roles in innovations2010Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to discuss and classify the roles of customers in innovations. In literature on innovations, customers have been increasingly emphasised as a source for innovations and also in how they help developing ideas in their early phases. This paper exemplifies various customer roles in innovations through three case studies. These describe the customer as initiator, as co-producer and as central party for business development. Through using role theory to discuss customers in innovations, it becomes explicit how customers may act their traditional roles, add roles or transfer to new roles beyond the scope of being a customer. Furthermore, the paper shows that customer roles change during the innovation process, from added or transferred roles in early phases to more traditional ones i later phases of the innovation process.

  • 42374.
    Öberg, Christina
    Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Customer roles in innovations2010Inngår i: International Journal of Innovation Management, ISSN 1363-9196, E-ISSN 1757-5877, Vol. 14, nr 6, s. 989-1011Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to discuss and classify the roles of customers in innovations. In literature on innovations, customers have been increasingly emphasised as a source for innovations and also in how they help develop ideas in their early phases. This paper exemplifies various customer roles in innovations through three case studies. These describe the customer as initiator, as co-producer and as inspiration for business development. Through using role theory to discuss customers in innovations, it becomes explicit how customers may play their traditional roles, add roles or transfer to new roles beyond the scope of being a customer. Furthermore, the paper shows that customer roles change during the innovation process from added or transferred towards more traditional ones.

  • 42375.
    Öberg, Christina
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet. The Ratio Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Customer roles in M&A integration2018Inngår i: International Studies of Management and Organization, ISSN 0020-8825, E-ISSN 1558-0911, Vol. 48, nr 1, s. 43-70Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 42376.
    Öberg, Christina
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Customer roles in mergers and acquisitions: A systematic literature review2013Inngår i: Advances in Mergers and Acquisitions: Volume 12 Customer Roles in Mergers and Acquisitions: A Systematic Literature Review / [ed] Sydney Finkelstein and Cary Cooper, Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2013, Vol. 12, s. 59-74Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Customers are important stakeholders for any company; yet, they seem not to be widely discussed in merger and acquisition research. This chapter synthesizes the current body of research on customers in mergers and acquisitions through presenting a systematic literature review. The chapter is based on a systematic literature review resulting from a search in EBSCO Host for any research item that refers to “customer” and “consolidation or merger of corporation.” All articles were coded to specify how customers are described, with a focus on whether customers are expected to affect and/or be affected by the merger or acquisition. Articles were compared with regard to their year of issue and research disciplines of publishing journals. The review indicates how customers continue to be discussed only to limited extent. The customer roles array from them as an acquirable customer base to customers as actors, whose activities become the very reason to merge or acquire. Literature also refers to them as victims and affected by the merger or acquisition, and reacting parties. In addition to the description of welfare transfer from consumers to acquirers in law and economics studies, the different ways of referring to customers extend beyond specific research disciplines. The literature review indicates more multifaceted ways of describing customers in recent research. No systematic literature review on customers in merger and acquisition literature has previously been conducted. The comparison of research disciplines, years of issue, and customer roles provides new insights into developments in the merger and acquisition field of research.

  • 42377.
    Öberg, Christina
    Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Customers affecting M&A integration2010Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to describe what roles customers play in merger and acquisition (M&A) integration. Based on studies of eight M&As, it is concluded that customers may (i) limit integration intentions, (ii) be reasons for pre-integration reconsiderations, (iii) be used as an argument against integration, (iv) not act according to integration intentions, and (v) actively work against integration. Customers’ actual activities, but also how the M&A parties believe that customers will act, impact the degree of integration. The paper contributes to research on M&A integration through pointing at how customers impact integration realisation. The paper further contributes to research on M&As according to the network approach through highlighting how an M&A is not merely a response or trigger to change, but an embedded event where actions, beliefs and mutuality impact integration realisation.

  • 42378.
    Öberg, Christina
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Does a CSR focus create innovations among established firms?2012Inngår i: Social and Sustainable Enterprise: Changing the Nature of Business / [ed] Sarah Underwood; Alan Murray; et al, Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2012, s. 119-139Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 42379.
    Öberg, Christina
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Effects of product development phases on innovation network relationships2011Inngår i: Technological, Managerial and Organizational Core Competencies: Dynamic Innovation and Sustainable Development / [ed] Farley Simon Nobre, David Walker, Robert J. Harris, IGI Global, 2011, s. 191-202Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 42380.
    Öberg, Christina
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Eroding business relationships: The serpentine metaphor2014Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper focuses on business relationship dissolution as the consequence of several subsequent incidents. Previous dissolution research has described single incidents and the present state of the relationship as decisive for relationship ending. This paper instead describes the “state” of the relationship as dynamically affected by previous incidents. These incidents may in themselves not be severe enough for the relationship to dissolve, but impact future dissolution decisions and together with later, interconnected incidents finally end up in the dissolution of the business relationship. The paper uses the serpentine metaphor of erosion to illustrate how several incidentsamplify one another to eventually cause the relationship to end. Empirically, this is illustrated by how customers to a repeatedly acquired company experience incidents that made them increasingly questioning to the relationship. The paper contributes to research on business relationship dynamics through its focus on repeated incidents leading to dissolution, and through pointing to how organisational memory may make certain incidents look more severe based on how they repeat previous incidents.

  • 42381.
    Öberg, Christina
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Eroding business relationships: The serpentine metaphor2014Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 42382.
    Öberg, Christina
    Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Företags- och räkenskapsanalys2010Rapport (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 42383.
    Öberg, Christina
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Handling the local in the globalised firm: What decides the mode?2016Inngår i: IMP 2016, 2016Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 42384.
    Öberg, Christina
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    How innovation impacts artistic creativity: managing innovation in the advertising sector2017Inngår i: The role of creativity in the management of innovation: state of the art and future research outlook / [ed] Alexander Brem, Rogelio Puente-Diaz, Marine Agogue, New Jersey: World Scientific, 2017Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 42385.
    Öberg, Christina
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    How innovation impacts artistic creativity: Managing innovation in the advertising sector2016Inngår i: International Journal of Innovation Management, ISSN 1363-9196, E-ISSN 1757-5877, Vol. 20, nr 4, artikkel-id UNSP 1640005Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper describes and discusses how innovation impacts creativity in the advertising sector. It points to the double meaning of creativity - as innovativeness and as artistic skills - and indicates a tension between the two. Empirical illustrations consist of two case studies from the advertising sector. These point to how innovations (in terms of adaptation of new technology) negatively impact artistic creativity. Contextual factors creating a need for new technology did have an impact, and meant that companies became increasingly competitive and roles became unclear. On the company level, innovation caused knowledge gaps, increased formalization, and expanded the division of work. Contribution is made to research on the management of creativity by suggesting how innovation impacts artistic creativity. Furthermore, the discussion on company level creativity contributes to research on the advertising sector, since the literature has foremost discussed creative processes of individual campaigns.

  • 42386.
    Öberg, Christina
    Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Hårda fakta och mjuka värden: Årsredovisningar som underutnyttjad källa för studier av dynamik i affärsrelationer2008Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 42387.
    Öberg, Christina
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Hårda fakta och mjuka värden: Årsredovisningar som underutnyttjad källa för studier av dynamik i affärsrelationer2009Inngår i: Nordiske organisasjonsstudier, ISSN 1501-8237, Vol. 11, nr 4, s. 71-93Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 42388.
    Öberg, Christina
    Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Identity in collaboration2010Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: This paper targets the issue of multi-identities of companies in collaboration. Companies may participate in collaboration for various reasons and may also perceive the collaboration in different ways. What is more; companies in collaboration may to various extents regard themselves as, and be regarded as, individual companies or as part of the collaboration. Their views may in turn be reflected in how business partners of the collaborating companies perceive the collaboration. This paper builds on various actors’ perception of companies in collaboration. The paper uses the identity concept to capture the multi-identities of companies in collaboration. The purpose of the paper is to describe and discuss various actors’ perception in multi-identity settings. Research method: The paper is built on a case study describing three levels of identity: a company level, the level of a collaboration taking the form of a joint venture, and a contractual collaboration. These are in turn described from involved parties’ and their business partners’ perspectives. Research findings: The paper shows that pre-collaboration history greatly reflects the identity ascribed to the companies. This was the case both for the companies in the collaboration and their business partners’ perceptions. The more structured the collaboration, the more probable that a separate collaboration identity was established. A collaboration based on contracts merely meant that the company’s identity was affected by connections to collaboration parties, while a separate identity was not established. Main contribution: The paper contributes to literature on corporate identity through discussing them in relation to collaboration. It also contributes to research on perception in business relationships through pointing at differences in perception between parties, where this paper connects this to actor and relationship history along with the collaboration structure.

  • 42389.
    Öberg, Christina
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Lessons learnt from repeated acquisitions2011Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper describes and discusses learning in repeated acquisitions of innovative firms. Researchers have pointed to how companies may improve performance through conducting repeated acquisitions, while they have not previously focused on repeated acquisitions of innovative firms. Findings of this present study are summarised in five learning: forming a professional organisation that deals with acquisitions, acquiring present innovations rather than innovative capabilities, acquiring ready-for-market innovations, keeping the innovator and disbanding from him/her, and the slow process of integration. These all relate to decreasing risks, while also decreasing expectations on acquisitions' capacity of providing new business directions. The paper contributes to research on acquisitions of innovative firms through discussing performance improvements and what expectations to place on acquisitions. It also contributes to the learning literature through providing a case illustration on a company that changed its acquisition strategy based on knowledge accumulated through previous ones.

  • 42390.
    Öberg, Christina
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Let’s talk about innovation: is there a hidden potential of knowledge exchange between open innovation and IMP?2016Inngår i: IMP Symposium, 2016Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 42391.
    Öberg, Christina
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Let’s talk about innovation: Is there a hidden potential of knowledge exchange between open innovation and IMP?2016Inngår i: The IMP Journal, ISSN 2059-1403, E-ISSN 0809-7259, Vol. 10, nr 3, s. 540-560Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: IMP researchers have shown interest in how innovations result from interaction among companies, while, and in parallel, there has been an increased focus on open innovation (OI) during the past decade. OI depicts how companies source, spin-out, and collaborate on innovation. This paper describes and discusses whether and how IMP and OI researchers acknowledge and build on each other’s work; and whether and how ideas provided by IMP and OI, respectively, create a fit to expand the exchange of knowledge between IMP and OI.

    Design/methodology/approach: The paper is based on a citation analysis focussing on whether the OI literature refers to IMP research, and whether or not the IMP literature refers to OI research. The paper also compares OI and IMP to discover potentials for knowledge exchange between them through discussing similarities, complementarities, and contradictions.

    Findings: The paper points out that while IMP researchers have started to show interest in OI, OI research does not refer to IMP. As such, OI research remains more company-centric in its discussions. IMP provides tools and models to capture the OI phenomenon specifically related to collaborative OI, while OI offers interesting thought for the capture of transaction-based innovation processes and their management.

    Originality/value: The paper contributes to previous research through linking together OI and IMP research. This is important for several reasons, including the ability to enhance knowledge in each domain, critically discuss and relate various research domains and their underpinnings, and expand ideas developed in one research domain to another.

  • 42392.
    Öberg, Christina
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Making sense of local customer relationships in cross-border acquisitions2017Inngår i: Managing Culture and Interspace in Cross-border Investments: Building a Global Company / [ed] Martina Fuchs, Sebastian Henn, Martin Franz, Ram Mudambi, New York: Routledge , 2017, s. 158-167Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 42393.
    Öberg, Christina
    Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Mergers and acquisitions: A network approach2009Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 42394.
    Öberg, Christina
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden .
    Mergers and acquisitions as embedded network activities2012Inngår i: European Journal of International Management, ISSN 1751-6757, E-ISSN 1751-6765, Vol. 6, nr 4, s. 421-441Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper introduces a network perspective to Mergers and Acquisitions (M&As). The literature on M&As commonly focuses on only the parties directly involved in mergers and acquisitions, while the present perspective points to M&As as embedded activities. The paper provides empirical illustrations from 12 acquisitions to indicate the consequences when M&A studies acknowledge business relationships as long-term, actors as active and heterogeneous and activities as interdependent. The network perspective introduces new ideas on why M&As occur, how the acquired party is chosen and why M&As fail. Specifically, it indicates how M&As result from industry, customer and supplier changes, the difficulties to achieve marketing synergies, resistance to integration to not disturb present relationships and business partner reactions that undermine intended results. It also points to the difficulties of foreseeing outcomes, as individual parties may respond differently to the M&A.

  • 42395.
    Öberg, Christina
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Moving too close, moving too far away: The dynamics of knowledge and geographical proximity in innovation communities2017Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 42396.
    Öberg, Christina
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Network effects of upstream acquisitions of innovative firms2012Inngår i: The IMP Journal, ISSN 2059-1403, E-ISSN 0809-7259, Vol. 6, nr 1, s. 52-68Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores the network effects that occur when innovative firms are acquired upstream. Network effects here refer tochanges in and of the innovative firm’s relationships with external parties such as customers, suppliers, and venture firms. Thepaper is based on case study research from six innovative firms that were acquired by other companies. It links network effectsto changes on the level of the innovative firm. The network effects of upstream acquisitions form a complex, interrelatedpattern of drivers and consequences. Two loops of effects appear: one positive, which describes how credibility and improvedfinances lead to new relationships and additionally improved finances. The other is negative, and refers to the firm’s decreasedinnovativeness, distanced or dissolved relationships, loss of staff, transformation into a competitor in the eyes of formercustomers, and increased formalisation, along with the acquirer’s lack of interest in the firm’s future. For innovative firms, theimpact of effects are more severe if the innovation is in its early phases of development, while the degree of integration doesnot seem to have a significant impact on the severity of the effects. This paper contributes to business network studies throughits focus on the network effects of acquisitions, through pointing to how various effects interrelate with and strengthenone another in positive and negative loops, and through indicating how external parties reinforce those effects previouslydescribed in the literature on acquisitions of innovative firms.

  • 42397.
    Öberg, Christina
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Network imitation to deal with sociocultural dilemmas in acquisitions of young, innovative firms2013Inngår i: Thunderbird International Business Review, ISSN 1096-4762, E-ISSN 1520-6874, Vol. 55, s. 387-403Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article expands current acquisition literature to include sociocultural challenges on inter-organizational levels following acquisitions of young, innovative firms. Socioculture here denotes network parties' shared values, belief systems, and practices. Three acquisitions illustrate their consequences. The young, innovative firms and their acquirers are part of different networks, have dissimilar motives for pursuing business, and work within different time frames. To potentially improve knowledge transfer and integration, the acquirer can learn from the innovative firm's network interactions; choose targets among its own network parties; organize its governance into a separate business unit; practice reverse value integration from the acquired party; and carefully promote practices that foster innovativeness. The article contributes to research on acquisitions of young, innovative firms through pointing to how values and practices are interlinked in networks, and how the imitation of the acquired party's network interaction may help to sustain its innovativeness and transfer knowledge between the acquirer and acquired party.

  • 42398.
    Öberg, Christina
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Nyckeltal: Verktyg för att analysera, påverka och utveckla verksamheter2017 (oppl. 1)Bok (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 42399.
    Öberg, Christina
    Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Nyckeltalsanalys. Kurskompendium för Externredovisning2006Rapport (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 42400.
    Öberg, Christina
    Linköpings universitet.
    On customers in mergers and acquisitions2004Licentiatavhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
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