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  • 42901.
    Åström, Joachim
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Digital demokrati?: Idéer och strategier i lokal IT-politik1999In: IT i demokratins tjänst / [ed] Erik Amnå, Stockholm: Fakta info direkt , 1999, p. 317-348Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 42902.
    Åström, Joachim
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    E-demokrati från insidan: förtroendevaldas användning och värdering av IT2005In: Användning av informationsteknik i demokratiska beslutsprocesser / [ed] Anna Bjurström, Lars Ilshammar, Joachim Åström, Stockholm: Justitiedepartementet , 2005Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 42903.
    Åström, Joachim
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    IT och demokratiutveckling i svenska kommuner2005In: Staden som livsmiljö: vision och verklighet : slutrapport från ett forskningsprogram / [ed] Ann-Catrin Andersson, Ingemar Elander, Örebro: Örebro universitet , 2005, p. 59-63Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 42904.
    Åström, Joachim
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Lokal digital demokrati1998In: IT och kommunerna: en översikt, Stockholm: Kommentus förlag , 1998, , p. 112p. 9-61Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 42905.
    Åström, Joachim
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Mot en digital demokrati?: Teknik, politik och institutionell förändring2004Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    New information and communication technologies are today put forward as one possible solution to the perceived problems of democracy. Seeing that the Internet enables new forms of communication and eases information gathering, one view says that the Internet will open up new participatory avenues and radically transform patterns of political participation. Another view says that nothing will change because the new technology will be embedded within power structures that are not likely to change. The aim of this thesis is to discern the causes and consequences of the Swedish local governments´ use of the Internet in the democratic process, and also to use variation and similarities in the response to new technology to illuminate answers to fundamental questions about politics and institutional change. On the one hand, the analysis reveals that the Internet has raised high expectations of vitalisation and change of political democracy. The major documents stating the central government´s current intentions with regard to developing are all in favour of placing the new technology in the service of democracy, and in the municipalities a majority of the most important political decision-makers - the chairs of the municipal executive boards - are in favour of many of the proposals put forward in the debate. Political action, on the other hand, often speaks a different language. To a great extent, the step from intentions to actual initiatives may be described as a development from two-way communication to one-way information; from early information to late information; from active end users to passive end users; and from ideological arguments of an interactive or direct democracy to a limited modernisation of indirect democracy. The study recognizes several constraints that institutions impose on action. Local governments trying to make full use of their new digital opportunities are faced with a series of strategic dilemmas or tensions: between different democratic ideals as well as local government ideologies. The way in which local governments seek to balance these compteting pressures or resolve dilemmas is, however, often characterized by limited comparison and ad-hoc processess, without arousing any particular attention at the higher reaches. Without political involvement and strategic decision-making, developments towards digital democracy becomes less a matter of big changes stemming from explicit choices and reforms, and more one of gradual evolution restricted by previous decisions and institutions. Despite many grounds for caution, this study gives some evidence suggesting that "politics as usual" may be altered in a longer time perspective. Reciprocal effects between technology and institutions are not sequential and direct but complex and highly interdependent, forming a new kind of dynamics. Digital technologies are creating new opportunities, pressures and incitaments; influencing attitudes and preferences; and they alter the balance of resources and power among individuals within local governments. This indicates that new technologies may reshape the goals that animate political action, weaken the constraints that institutions impose on action, and thus become a contributory cause for institutional change.

  • 42906.
    Åström, Joachim
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Should democracy online be quick, strong, or thin?2001In: Communications of the ACM, ISSN 0001-0782, E-ISSN 1557-7317, Vol. 44, no 1, p. 49-51Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 42907.
    Åström, Joachim
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Brodin, Per
    De förtroendevalda och informationstekniken: tecken på förnyelse eller "politics as usual"?2001In: Att vara med på riktigt: demokratiutveckling i kommuner och landsting : betänkande, Stockholm: Fritzes offentliga publikationer , 2001, p. 257-289Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 42908.
    Åström, Joachim
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Brorström, Sara
    Medborgardialog Centrala Älvstaden2012Report (Other academic)
  • 42909.
    Åström, Joachim
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Denk, Thomas
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Generationslarmet2017In: Larmar och gör sig till: SOM-undersökningen 2016 / [ed] Andersson, Ulrika; Ohlsson, Jonas; Oscarsson, Henrik; Oskarson, Maria, Göteborg: SOM-institutet , 2017, p. 155-168Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Finns det ökade motsättningar mellan äldre och yngre i Sverige? Andelen äldre i Sverige ökar med högre kostnader för vård, omsorg och pensioner som följd. Denna utveckling förutsätter att mer resurser omfördelas mellan generationer, vilket kan förväntas öka motsättningarna mellan äldre och yngre. Med detta som bakgrund undersöker kapitlet om människor upplever att motsättningar mellan äldre och yngre ökar i Sverige. Resultaten visar att 32 procent upplever ökade motsättningar mellan generationer, medan 24 procent inte anser att motsättningar ökar. Andelen som upp-lever ökade motsättningar är högre bland lågutbildade än högutbildade. Även personer som anser att allt mindre resurser går till att tillgodose äldres behov upplever i större utsträckning att motsättningarna ökar. Kapitlet visar också att upplevelsen av ökade motsättningar mellan äldre och yngre är oförändrad sedan 2001. Den sammantagna bilden är att Sverige inte präglas av intensiva motsättningar mellan generationer som formar grunden för politiska konfliktlinjer mellan äldre och yngre.

  • 42910.
    Åström, Joachim
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Freschi, Anna-Carola
    Montin, Stig
    E-forums: refreshing the representative relationship?2012In: Renewal in European local democracies: puzzles, dilemmas and options / [ed] Linze Schaap, Harry Daemen, Wiesbaden: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften, 2012, p. 79-98Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 42911.
    Åström, Joachim
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Freschi, Anna-Carola
    University of Bergamo, Bergamo, Italy.
    Montin, Stig
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Electronic and representative democracy: A happy couple?: Comparing online dialogues in the UK, Sweden and Italy2010In: New forms of citizen participation: Normative implications / [ed] Erik Amnå, Baden-Baden: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft mbH & Co. KG , 2010, 1, p. 35-51Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 42912.
    Åström, Joachim
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Granberg, Mikael
    Digital democracy and planning: Swedish local authorities on the web2004Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 42913.
    Åström, Joachim
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Granberg, Mikael
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Elite support for eParticipation: what does it really mean?2006In: Mapping eParticipation: white papers for the European Research Workshop on Mapping eParticipation / [ed] Jeremy Rose, 2006Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 42914.
    Åström, Joachim
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Granberg, Mikael
    Interpretations of e-participation: focusing elite attitudes2007Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 42915.
    Åström, Joachim
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Granberg, Mikael
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Medborgerligt deltagande och interaktivt beslutsfattande: kontinuitet och förändring inom fysisk planering2009In: Governance på svenska / [ed] Gun Hedlund, Stig Montin, Stockholm: Santérus Academic Press Sweden , 2009, p. 159-178Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 42916.
    Åström, Joachim
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Granberg, Mikael
    Urban planners, wired for change?: Understanding elite support for e-participation2007In: Proceedings of the 4th Scandinavian workshop on eGovernment, Örebro: Örebro universitet , 2007, p. 96-112Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 42917.
    Åström, Joachim
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Granberg, Mikael
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Urban planners, wired for change?: Understanding elite support for e-participation2007In: Journal of Information Technology & Politics, ISSN 1933-1681, Vol. 4, no 2, p. 63-77Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    What do elites really mean when they display positive attitudes toward increased citizen participation via ICTs? Are they aiming for institutional change or the reinforcement of existing institutions? What are the assumptions that underlie and condition support for e-participa-tion? In addressing these questions, this article draws upon a survey questionnaire mapping the support for e-participation in the field of urban planning, targeting the heads of the planning departments in all Swedish local governments in 2006. The results show confusing or conflicting elite attitudes towards participation, supporting as well as challenging the classic normative theories of participatory democracy and communicative planning.

  • 42918.
    Åström, Joachim
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Granberg, Mikael
    Örebro University.
    Khakee, Abdul
    Apple pie - spinach metaphor: shall e-democracy make participatory planning more wholesome?2011In: Planning practice + research, ISSN 0269-7459, E-ISSN 1360-0583, Vol. 26, no 5, p. 571-586Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite claims that planners' attitude towards public participation has not always been enthusiastic, there have been genuine attempts to devolve powers through participation—although seldom with success. In this paper we discuss several major attempts to improve participation in Sweden including case studies of e-participation. Despite great expectations on information and communication technologies, Swedish experience indicates that the status quo between planners and people remains.

  • 42919.
    Åström, Joachim
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Grönlund, Åke
    Örebro University, Swedish Business School at Örebro University.
    Online consultations in local government: what works, when, and why?2011In: Connecting democracy: online consultation and the flow of political communication / [ed] Stephen Coleman, Peter M. Shane, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2011, p. 75-96Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 42920.
    Åström, Joachim
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Hinsberg, Hille
    Praxis Center for Policy Studies, Tallinn, Estonia.
    Jonsson, Magnus E.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Karlsson, Martin
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Crisis, innovation and e-participation: towards a framework for comparative research2013In: Electronic Participation, EPART 2013 / [ed] Wimmer, MA, Tambouris, E., Macintosh, A., Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2013, Vol. 8075, p. 26-36Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Why and how do e-participation policies sometimes flow with politics as usual and sometimes lead to challenging powerful elites and institutions?  With the aim of investigating this question, we introduce a framework for comparative research that includes not only systemic but also circumstantial factors. The approach is tested in a comparative case study of three northern European countries--Sweden, Estonia and Iceland--that are all experimenting with e-participation but which are experiencing rather different levels of crisis. The results show that innovation and elite challenging aspirations are very much related to the type and degree of crisis. It is therefore argued that the interplay between institutional constraints and circumstantial catalysts needs further scholarly attention and elaboration.

  • 42921.
    Åström, Joachim
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Jonsson, Magnus
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Hinsberg, Hille
    Praxis Policy Center.
    Karlsson, Martin
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Case studies on e-participation policy: Sweden, Estonia and Iceland2013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    New e-participation services are heralded as an important means to achieve “citizen-centric government”. The project “Citizen-centric e-Participation” is a trilateral collaboration project between Sweden, Estonia and Iceland, combining research with networking to enhance e-participation in three countries. The project network includes partners from local governments, experienced researchers in the field as well as software companies that are exploring new possibilities and markets. 

    The project, which is running between 2012-14, is funded by Vinnova, Rannis, Nordforsk & Estonian Ministry for Economic Affairs and Communications. The main partners include Örebro University, Praxis Center for Policy Studies, Citizens Foundation, imCode Partner, the City of Reykjavik and Haparanda and Borås municipalities. 

    Engaging citizens in policy-making is an important aspect of the design and delivery of better public policies and a core element of what is sometimes called ”good government” or ”citizen-centric government”. Using information and communication technologies (ICTs) to gather and analyze public input is expected to stimulate public deliberation. The project explores links between standardized e-participation models and the particularities of local contexts. 

    This report presents case studies of the e-participation policy development in Sweden, Estonia and Iceland. The case studies give readers a background to the political context and policy as well as technological development in each country and present analyses of important e-participation initiatives in each country.

  • 42922.
    Åström, Joachim
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Jonsson, Magnus
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Karlsson, Martin
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Can democratic innovations generate trust?: an e-­petitioning case study2014Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Declining trust in representative institutions is considered to be one of the most significant political problems of our time. It is often assumed that democratic innovations or mechanisms that aim to increase and deepen citizen participation in the political decision-making process - can help reversing this trend. However, skeptics claim that any impact on perceived trust is dubious at best. With survey data representing 1,470 e-petitioning participants in Swedish local government, this study aims to empirically assess the relationship between democratic innovations and trust. First we ask whether e-petitioning primarily engage dissatisfied or already satisfied democrats. This is interesting considering that conventional participation usually is biased towards satisfied democrats, while unconventional participation usually is biased towards dissatisfied democrats. How about democratic innovations? Second we ask to what extent the participants´ perceived trust in local government is affected by their participation. Results show that e-petitioning successfully engages both satisfied and dissatisfied democrats, as well as that political participation affects their trust in local government. However, changes in perceived trust vary according to participants’ predisposition toward government.

  • 42923.
    Åström, Joachim
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Jonsson, Magnus
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Karlsson, Martin
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Democratic Innovations: Reinforcing or changing perceptions of trust?2017In: International Journal of Public Administration, ISSN 0190-0692, E-ISSN 1532-4265, Vol. 40, no 7, p. 575-587Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Declining trust in representative institutions is considered one of the most significant political problems of our time. It is often suggested that democratic innovations—or mechanisms which aim to increase and deepen citizen participation in the political decision-making process—can help reverse this trend. However, empirical research about actual effects of participation on trust is scarce, and weakened by causality problems. With survey data representing 1,470 participants in a landmark Swedish e-petition system, the article shows that both generalized attitudes and process evaluations matter in how trust is affected by democratic innovations.

  • 42924.
    Åström, Joachim
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Karlsson, Martin
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Blogging in the shadow of parties: collectivism and individualism in the Swedish 2010 election2011Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Blogging is an increasingly important practice in election campaigns, showing interesting variations across contexts. Recent research has shown that the adoption and use of blogs is strongly shaped by national institutional settings, that is, the different roles given to political parties. However, intra-national differences in the practice of political blogging are yet to be explained. This article investigates the variation in usage of blogs in electoral campaigns in Sweden, a country characterized by strong political parties and a party-centered form of representative democracy. The central argument of this article is that blogs are utilized in different ways by different parties. Just as blogging is shaped by how institutions support persons or parties, we propose that political blogging is shaped by party affiliation and ideological positions on individualism and collectivism. The empirical analysis, based on a survey among over 600 blogging politicians, confirms that ideological positions towards individualism and collectivism have a great impact on the uptake and usage of political blogs, portraying political blogging as a strongly ideologically situated practice of political communication.

  • 42925.
    Åström, Joachim
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Karlsson, Martin
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Blogging in the shadow of parties: exploring ideological differences in online campaigning2013In: Political Communication, ISSN 1058-4609, E-ISSN 1091-7675, Vol. 30, no 3, p. 434-455Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Blogging is an increasingly important practice in election campaigns, showing interesting variations across contexts. Recent research has shown that the adoption and use of blogs is strongly shaped by national institutional settings, that is, the different roles given to parties within political systems. However, intra-national differences in the practice of political blogging are yet to be explained. This article investigates the variation in usage of blogs in electoral campaigns in Sweden, a country characterized by strong political parties and a party-centered form of representative democracy. The central argument is that different parties utilize blogging in different ways. Just as blogging is shaped by how institutions support persons or parties, we propose that political blogging is shaped by party affiliation and ideological positions on individualism and collectivism. The empirical analysis, based on a survey among over 600 bloggingpoliticians, confirms that ideological positions towards individualism and collectivism have a great impact on the uptake and usage of political blogs, portraying political blogging as a strongly ideologically situated practice of political communication.

  • 42926.
    Åström, Joachim
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Karlsson, Martin
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Left and right in the blogosphere: ideological differences in online campaigning2011In: Lecture Notes in Computer Science, ISSN 0302-9743, E-ISSN 1611-3349, Vol. 6847, p. 13-24Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article investigates the usage of blogs in electoral campaigns in Sweden, a country characterized by strong political parties and a party centered form of representative democracy. The central argument is that blogs are utilized in different ways by different parties. The empirical analysis based on a survey among over 600 blogging politicians indicates a vast difference in uptake and usage of blogs between the right- and left wing politicians. The results indicate that ideological positions towards individualism and collectivism matters for the practice of blogging.

  • 42927.
    Åström, Joachim
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences. Department of Political Science.
    Karlsson, Martin
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences. Department of Political Science.
    The feminine style, the male influence, and the paradox of gendered political blogspace2016In: Information, Communication and Society, ISSN 1369-118X, E-ISSN 1468-4462, Vol. 19, no 11, p. 1636-1652Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores gender differences in politic al communication among blogging politicians. The article sets out to explore two ba seline questions: (1) Are distinct gendered ‘blogstyles’ to be found among political representa tives? and (2) How do gender and gendered blogstyles interplay and affect the impact of political blogs? The empirical study draws on a survey targeting blogging politicians in Sweden (N=523). The analysis identifies substantial differences in how female and male poli ticians communicate in the blogosphere as well as the outcomes in terms of feedback and impac t. Female politicians, to a greater degree than their male counterparts, utilize blogging for the purpose of fostering a stronger connection with their readers as well as to enquire about ideas and policy perspectives. This strategy seems to be successful for fostering quali tative feedback from readers yet female bloggers have far less impact than their male colle ges. We discuss two potential understandings of these results; relating to gender stereotypes and the network power structure of the blogosphere.

  • 42928.
    Åström, Joachim
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Karlsson, Martin
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Will e-Participation bring Critical Citizens Back in?2016In: 8th IFIP WG 8.5 International Conference, ePart 2016, Guimarães, Portugal, September 5-8, 2016, Proceedings, Springer, 2016, Vol. 9821, p. 83-93Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper sets out to critically examine the mobilizing potential of e-participation. The extent to which citizens beyond the usual suspects are engaged is studied by way of survey data from two novel e-participation case studies: one Swedish, one Finnish. Besides from the traditional socio-demographic variables, the analyses highlights cultural attitudes and ask: Do e-participation processes succeed in mobilizing citizens dissatisfied with the way democracy works? Can e-participation bring critical citizens back in? Certainly, the empirical analysis indicates critical citizens are clearly overrepresented in these two cases.

  • 42929.
    Åström, Joachim
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Karlsson, Martin
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Linde, Jonas
    Center for Comparative Politics, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.
    Pirannejad, Ali
    Department of Public Administration, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.
    Understanding the rise of e-participation in non-democracies: domestic and international factors2012In: Government Information Quarterly, ISSN 0740-624X, E-ISSN 1872-9517, Vol. 29, no 2, p. 142-150Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    While it has often been suggested that information and communication technologies (ICTs) provide an important means of increasing citizen participation (which is at the core of democratic government), few commentators have expected non-democracies to create online environments in which citizens can take an active part in political processes. In recent years, however, some non-democracies have begun to outperform countries with long-standing democratic traditions in terms of e-participation development. According to the 2010 United Nations (UN) e-government survey, Bahrain outranks France, Kazakhstan beats Sweden and Malaysia ranks higher than Germany. This article sets out to understand the recent rise of e-participation initiatives in non-democracies. Drawing on comparative longitudinal data from the UN e-government surveys, we tested the assertion that international drivers of change are competing with the dominant focus on domestic factors, especially in the non-democratic world, and are influencing the patterns of reform. The empirical analysis demonstrated important differences between the drivers of change in democratic and non-democratic countries and found economic globalization to be the strongest predictor of e-participation initiatives in non-democratic countries. In conclusion, we argue that economic globalization alters the context of e-participation and necessitates a re-examination of many of its premises and tenets.

  • 42930.
    Åström, Joachim
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Montin, Stig
    Converging democracies: participation and representation via new ICTs2005Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 42931.
    Åström, Joachim
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Norén, Mikael
    Medborgarorienterade offentliga e-tjänster: innovation och lärande i örebroregionen2007Report (Other academic)
  • 42932.
    Åström, Joachim
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Olsson, Jan
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Bringing inter-disciplinarity back in2006In: Democratic eGovernance: Approaches and research directions / [ed] Jan Olsson, Joachim Åström, Stockholm: Almqvist & Wiksell International , 2006, p. 201-216Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 42933.
    Åström, Joachim
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Olsson, Jan
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Internet voting in Sweden: hare or tortoise?2002Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 42934.
    Åström, Joachim
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Olsson, Jan
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Political science beyond orthodoxy2006In: Democratic eGovernance: approaches and research directions / [ed] Jan Olsson, Joachim Åström, Stockholm: Almqvist & Wiksell international , 2006, p. 55-73Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 42935.
    Åström, Joachim
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Olsson, Jan
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Why regionalism in Sweden?2002Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 42936.
    Åström, Joachim
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Ruoppila, Sampo
    University of Turku, Turku, Finland.
    Ertiö, Titiana
    University of Turku, Turku, Finland.
    Karlsson, Martin
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Thiel, Sarah-Kristin
    FTW Telecommunications Research Centre, Vienna, Austria.
    Potentials and challenges of a living lab approach in research on mobile participation2015In: UbiComp/ISWC'15 Adjunct: Adjunct Proceedings of the 2015 ACM International Joint Conference on Pervasive and Ubiquitous Computing and Proceedings of the 2015 ACM International Symposium on Wearable Computers / [ed] Kenji Mase, Marc Langheinrich & Daniel Gatica-Perez, New York, USA: Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2015, p. 795-800Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper discusses potentials and challenges of living lab approach in studying pervasive mobile participation, including reporting experiences of a living lab experiment currently conducted in Turku, Finland. It shows that the living lab approach offers both new opportunities and challenges when implemented in the urban governance context. In general, living labs hold great potential for researching participatory processes enabled by state-of-the-art technology in real world contexts. However, conducting experiments in those real life contexts presents a number of inherent difficulties that makes the potential essentially vulnerable, such as usability issues and political ambivalence on change.

  • 42937.
    Åström, Joachim
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Sedelius, Thomas
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Representativ demokrati 2.0: en utvärdering av Malmöinitiativet och Malmöpanelen2010Report (Other academic)
  • 42938.
    Åström, Kristina
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    De kommunala företrädarnas ansvar enligt kommunallagen: krävs en förändrad lagstiftning?2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 42939.
    Åström, Kristina
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Nyttjanderättsersättning mellan makar respektive sambor vid en separation2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 42940.
    Åström, Linda
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    VÄGEN TILL NYKTERHET: En kvalitativ studie om vilka förutsättningar ett hem för vård och boende kan ha till att bedriva behandling av missbruk2011Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 42941.
    Åström, Linda A.
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Gatekeepers of democracy?: a comparative study of elite support for democracy in Russia and the Baltic States2007Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study deals with the consolidation of democracy in general and with political support for democracy, in particular. The theoretical reason for observing support for democracy rests on the assumption that this kind of support is a vital factor that will foster (or its absence will obstruct) the development of democracy in the countries analysed in this study, i.e. Russia, Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania. A democratic regime cannot be sustained without legitimacy or popular and/or elite support. The aim of this study is to map and compare political support among local elites in five regions in Russia, using eight regions in the Baltic states as points of references. The major theoretical point of departure is David Easton's identification of three objects of support, namely, the political community, the regime and the authorities. The local elites (political, administrative, civil society, and economic) were surveyed in 1999 and 2000. The analyses show that the elites in Russia, Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania generally support the political community, the first object of support in the theoretical model. There are varying degrees of support among the elites for regime values and principles, norms and the regime structure, which constitute the second object of support. And finally, only the Estonian elites could be said to have some support for the authorities, the third object of support. The study also illustrates that support is a multidimensional phenomenon, and the respondents differentiate between diffuse and specific support.

  • 42942.
    Åström, Maria
    Dpt of medicine and laboratory medicine, Örebro University Hospital, Örebro, Sweden.
    Clinical cases: Presentation, diagnosis, treatment and follow-up: Case 2 - Chuvash polycythemia2015In: Congenital Erythrocytosis and Hereditary Thrombocytosis: Clinical presentation, diagnosis, treatment and follow-up. A practical guide with clinical cases. / [ed] Sylvie Hermouet, Portugal: European cooperation in science and technology , 2015Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 42943.
    Åström, Maria
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Crossfit: träningsmetod även för barn2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 42944.
    Åström, Maria
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Fallstudien Alice: Skolans stöd till en särbegåvad elev2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    All students shall receive the support they need in school to be able to develop and reach their full potential. This study was conducted on the basis of examining what that kind of support can look like and how well it’s working. Through observations and interviews, a case study involving a gifted student in mathematics has been carried out in order to examine the support, how well the support is developing the student’s mathematical abilities as well as how the student herself perceive the support. The student is educated by a tutor in a small group along with another student. The observations shows that the support for most part meets the development areas needed to develop the student’s mathematical abilities, despite the lack of work on problem solving and mathematical discussions. The student considers that the support of the tutor has contributed to making mathematics challenging and fun again. The study shows that teachers' expertise and adaptations to the individual's needs and desires are the most important to get support for gifted students to work.

  • 42945.
    Åström, Maria
    Örebro University, School of Medical Sciences. Örebro University Hospital.
    Undersökningar av X-bunden trombocytopeni med talassemi (XLTT) och jämförelser med andra former av myelofibros2010In: Oss hematologer emellan, Vol. 4, no 22, p. 39-40Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 42946.
    Åström, Maria
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Hahn-Strömberg, Victoria
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Zetterberg, Eva
    Departments of Medicine and Hematology, Karolinska Institutet, Karolinska University Hospital Huddinge, Stockholm, Sweden .
    Vedin, Inger
    Departments of Medicine and Hematology, Karolinska Institutet, Karolinska University Hospital Huddinge, Stockholm, Sweden .
    Merup, Mats
    Departments of Medicine and Hematology, Karolinska Institutet, Karolinska University Hospital Huddinge, Stockholm, Sweden .
    Palmblad, Jan
    Departments of Medicine and Hematology, Karolinska Institutet, Karolinska University Hospital Huddinge, Stockholm, Sweden .
    X-linked thrombocytopenia with thalassemia displays bone marrow reticulin fibrosis and enhanced angiogenesis: comparisons with primary myelofibrosis2015In: American Journal of Hematology, ISSN 0361-8609, E-ISSN 1096-8652, Vol. 90, no 3, p. E44-E48Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    X-linked thrombocytopenia with thalassemia (XLTT) is caused by the mutation 216R > Q in exon 4 of the GATA1 gene. Male hemizygous patients display macrothrombocytopenia, splenomegaly, and a β-thalassemia trait. We describe two XLTT families where three males were initially misdiagnosed as having primary myelofibrosis (PMF) and all five investigated males showed mild-moderate bone marrow (BM) reticulin fibrosis. Comparative investigations were performed on blood samples and BM biopsies from males with XLTT, PMF patients and healthy controls. Like PMF, XLTT presented with high BM microvessel density, low GATA1 protein levels in megakaryocytes, and elevated blood CD34+ cell counts. But unlike PMF, the BM microvessel pericyte coverage was low in XLTT, and no collagen fibrosis was found. Further, as evaluated by immunohistochemistry, expressions of the growth factors VEGF, AGGF1, and CTGF were low in XLTT megakaryocytes and microvessels but high in PMF. Thus, although the reticulin fibrosis in XLTT might simulate PMF, opposing stromal and megakaryocyte features may facilitate differential diagnosis. Additional comparisons between these disorders may increase the understanding of mechanisms behind BM fibrosis in relation to pathological megakaryopoiesis.

  • 42947.
    Åström, Maria
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Medical Sciences. Örebro University Hospital. Division of Hematology, Department of Medicine, Örebro University Hospital, Örebro, Sweden; Department of Laboratory Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Health, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden; iRiSC – Inflammatory Response and Infection Susceptibility Centre, Faculty of Medicine and Health, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
    Tajeddinn, Walid
    iRiSC – Inflammatory Response and Infection Susceptibility Centre, Faculty of Medicine and Health, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
    Karlsson, Mats G.
    Örebro University, School of Medical Sciences. Department of Laboratory Medicine.
    Linder, Olle
    Division of Hematology, Department of Medicine, Örebro University Hospital, Örebro, Sweden.
    Palmblad, Jan
    Division of Hematology, Department of Medicine, Karolinska University Hospital Huddinge, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Lindblad, Per
    Örebro University, School of Medical Sciences. Department of Urology.
    Cytokine Measurements for Diagnosing and Characterizing Leukemoid Reactions and Immunohistochemical Validation of a Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor and CXCL8-Producing Renal Cell Carcinoma2018In: Biomarker Insights, ISSN 1177-2719, E-ISSN 1177-2719, Vol. 13, article id UNSP 1177271918792246Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Various paraneoplastic syndromes are encountered in renal cell carcinomas. This case report illustrates that a paraneoplastic leukemoid reaction may precede the diagnosis of renal cell carcinoma and be explained by cytokine production from the cancer cells.

    CASE PRESENTATIONS: A 64-year-old man was referred for hematology workup due to pronounced leukocytosis. While being evaluated for a possible hematologic malignancy as the cause, he was found to have a metastasized renal cell carcinoma, and hyperleukocytosis was classified as a leukemoid reaction. A multiplex panel for measurement of 25 serum cytokines/chemokines showed highly elevated levels of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) and CXCL8 (C-X-C-motif chemokine ligand 8, previously known as interleukin [IL]-8). By immunohistochemistry it was shown that the renal carcinoma cells expressed both these cytokines. Two additional, consecutive patients with renal cell carcinoma with paraneoplastic leukocytosis also showed elevated serum levels of CXCL8, but not of G-CSF. Nonparametric statistical evaluation showed significantly higher serum concentrations of CXCL8, IL-6, IL-10, monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (MCP-1), and tumor necrosis factor, but lower interferon gamma (IFN-gamma) and IL-1 alpha, for the 3 renal cell carcinoma cases compared with healthy blood donors.

    CONCLUSIONS: In suspected paraneoplastic leukocytosis, multiplex serum cytokine analyses may facilitate diagnosis and provide an understanding of the mechanisms for the reaction. In the index patient, combined G-CSF and CXCL8 protein expression by renal carcinoma cells was uniquely documented. A rapidly fatal course was detected in all 3 cases, congruent with the concept that autocrine/paracrine growth signaling in renal carcinoma cells may induce an aggressive tumor phenotype. Immune profiling studies could improve our understanding for possible targets when choosing therapies for patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma.

  • 42948.
    Åström, Maria
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Medical Sciences. Örebro University Hospital.
    Welander, Edvard
    Pourlotfi, Arvid
    Abawi, Akram
    Ahlstrand, Erik
    Ivarsson, Mikael
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Activated interferon signaling in cultured BMSC from myelofibrosis patients: core finding of a proteomic study2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 42949.
    Åström, Mimmi
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences.
    A passport to healthcare?: A client perspective on the national health insurance scheme in Ghana2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 42950.
    Åström, Minna
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Paketeringsutredningen: En analys av utredningen och dess eventuella konsekvenser för fastighetsmarknaden2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
856857858859860861862 42901 - 42950 of 43506
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