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  • 42901. Wallentin, Jennie
    et al.
    Sundin, Sofi
    Hagerberg, Anna
    Andersson, Mari
    Dahlberg, Charlotta
    Enghag, Olof
    Jakowlew, Gwidon
    Waldner, Johan
    Widell, Lars M
    Jordbruksverket.
    Översvämning!: Samhällets krisberedskap och förebyggande arbete när det gäller översvämningar som drabbar jordbrukssektorn2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Samhällets krisberedskap och förebyggande arbete när det gäller översvämningar som drabbar jordbrukssektornNaturolyckor såsom översvämning, torka och skogsbrand kan få allvarliga konsekvenser för jordbrukssektorn och trädgårdsnäringen. För fisket och vattenbruket kan till exempel stormar orsaka problem. I ett framtida förändrat klimat kommer de extrema väderhändelserna att bli mer omfattande och frekventa. Detta innebär att samhället behöver öka sin förmåga att bedöma konsekvenserna av översvämningar för jordbrukssektorn i ett brett perspektiv och hur konsekvenserna av extrema väderhändelser, som till exempel översvämningar, ska hanteras. Jordbruksverket har därför under åren 2013-2015 drivit ett projekt - ”Ökad förmåga att hantera konsekvenser av allvarliga väderhändelser - översvämningar som modell” - som finansierats av Jordbruksverket och Myndigheten för samhällsskydd och beredskap (MSB). Denna rapport sammanfattar resultat och slutsatser från projektet.

  • 42902.
    Wallerstedt, Birgitta
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Utmaningar, utsatthet och stöd i palliativ vård utanför specialistenheter2012Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The overall aim of this thesis was to study palliative end-of-life care outside specialist palliative care settings, from an organizational perspective and from professionals’ and relatives’ experiences. In Study I 174 individuals were identified retrospectively from nursing records and palliative care identification forms as being in a palliative phase. Data were analyzed with descriptive and analytic statistical methods. In Study II a total of nine nurses working in primary home care, community care, and hospitals were interviewed. Phenomenological methodology was used to analyze data. In Study III 17 enrolled nurses, who worked in community or primary care and in a sitting service organization, participated in four focus group interviews. Data were analyzed with qualitative content analysis. In Study IV seven relatives from four families were interviewed twice. They had each cared in the private home for a dying family member who had received sitting service. Direct interpretation and categorical aggregation were used to analyze data. The results highlight challenges in palliative care, vulnerable situations, and a need of support (I–IV). Individuals’ needs for both palliative care and sitting service were identified, including those of a smaller part of the population who actually received the sitting service. (I). Registered nurses’ responsibilities included care at the same time for individuals in both palliative and curative phases. This created vulnerable situations for the nurses, since their ambitions concerning the care did not correspond to available resources (II). The enrolled nurses’ task was to manage ongoing life and dying in different care settings, to meet individual needs and still provide equivalent care. Despite experiences of vulnerable situations, they felt safe (III). Relatives experienced care situations differently, related to differences in families, the illness trajectory, the need for support, and the support offered. Without sufficient support, vulnerable situations occurred, which made the relatives feel insecure (IV). Thus, care situations in palliative end-of-life care can be experienced in different ways, with different levels of vulnerability. One implication of the research might be to suggest that professional caregivers, to supplement the relatives’ own resources with support tailored to the individual’s and the family’s needs

    List of papers
    1. Identification and documentation of persons being in palliative phase regardless of age, diagnosis and place of care, and their use of sitting service at the end of life
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Identification and documentation of persons being in palliative phase regardless of age, diagnosis and place of care, and their use of sitting service at the end of life
    2012 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 26, no 3, p. 561-568Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Older persons and persons with diseases other than cancer are often discriminated against when applying for palliative care despite growing numbers of both older persons and individuals with chronic diseases. An intention for palliative care in Sweden is that all persons in the final stage of life, irrespective of age, domicile, diagnosis, and care place shall have access to palliative care on equal terms. One way to support these persons in final stage of life and their relatives is to offer sitting service.

    Aims: To describe individuals who were identified and documented as being in a palliative phase in a Swedish municipality, with respect to demographics, use of a sitting service, continuity of care in the last month of life and the place of death. A second aim was to describe and compare the groups who received/did not receive sitting services related to the aforementioned variables.

    Method: Retrospective data from nursing records and palliative care identification forms were analyzed with descriptive and analytic statistical methods.

    Findings: Among individuals deceased during 2007, 51% were identified and documented as being in palliative phase. The majority was older people (mean 83 years) with a noncancer diagnosis (58%). Twenty-eight individuals (16%) had received a sitting service between 8 and 249 hours (one extreme value = 2211). It is indicated that sitting service significantly increased the possibility of dying at home (p = 0.00004), but did not affect how often the place of care changed during the last month of life.

    Limitation: A small sample from a Swedish context must be considered.

    Conclusion: These results can be related to an awareness in the municipality that led to adopting the concept of palliative care as not only for those with a cancer diagnosis.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Hoboken, USA: Wiley-Blackwell, 2012
    Keywords
    Palliative care, sitting service, death place, care continuity, old people, noncancer diagnosis
    National Category
    Medical and Health Sciences Nursing
    Research subject
    Nursing Science
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-21766 (URN)10.1111/j.1471-6712.2011.00966.x (DOI)000307103600018 ()22276925 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84864778705 (Scopus ID)
    Available from: 2012-02-24 Created: 2012-02-23 Last updated: 2018-05-08Bibliographically approved
    2. Caring for dying patients outside special palliative care settings: experiences from a nursing perspective
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Caring for dying patients outside special palliative care settings: experiences from a nursing perspective
    2007 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 21, no 1, p. 32-40Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to describe nurses' experiences in caring for gravely ill and dying patients outside special palliative care settings. Tape-recorded qualitative interviews were conducted with a total of nine nurses in primary home care, community care and hospitals. The interviews were analysed according to phenomenological methodology, which resulted in the three common structures: ambition and dedication, everyday encounters, and satisfaction/dissatisfaction. In the `everyday encounters' structure, the following key constituents emerged: responsibility, cooperation, experience and knowledge, feelings, and time and resources. The results describe the nurses' high ambitions to give dying patients and their relatives high-quality care. Despite this, they experienced greater or lesser degrees of dissatisfaction because of insufficient cooperation, support, time and resources. They experienced satisfaction through contact with patients and relatives, functioning collegial cooperation, and the knowledge, experience and personal growth the care had given them. The results indicate that nurses need the resources such as time, improved methods of communication and cooperation as well as more support in order to give quality palliative care and achieve satisfaction with the outcome. The need for discussion about the conditions for giving palliative care outside the hospices and other special palliative care settings is also elucidated.

    Keywords
    Nursing Care, Palliative Care, Sweden, Terminal Care
    National Category
    Medical and Health Sciences Nursing
    Research subject
    Nursing Science
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-4423 (URN)10.1111/j.1471-6712.2007.00430.x (DOI)17428212 (PubMedID)
    Available from: 2008-03-11 Created: 2008-03-11 Last updated: 2017-12-14Bibliographically approved
    3. Sharing living and dying: A balancing act between vulnerability and a sense of security: enrolled nurses' experiences of working in the sitting service for dying patients at home
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sharing living and dying: A balancing act between vulnerability and a sense of security: enrolled nurses' experiences of working in the sitting service for dying patients at home
    2011 (English)In: Palliative & Supportive Care, ISSN 1478-9515, E-ISSN 1478-9523, Vol. 9, no 3, p. 295-303Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: To describe enrolled nurses’ (ENs’) experiences of working in a sitting service for dying patients at home (which in this article will be referred to as SSH).

    Methods: The ENs, who participated in this study, had permanent jobs in community care/ primary care, but were also employed part-time in a special home-sitting-service organisation in a municipality in the south of Sweden. Data were collected by four focus group interviews with 17 enrolled nurses. Qualitative content analysis was used to analyse the data.

    Results: Care-giving in SSH was a balancing act between a sense of security and a feeling of vulnerability. Feeling secure and valued, and that one is developing both professionally and personally stemmed from working in partnership, whereas a feeling of vulnerability was associated with managing closeness and distance, being a mediator, having responsibility and feeling guilty, feeling hindered from doing good, facing loneliness and in affecting private lives.

    Significance of the results: SSH makes it possible for people who are terminally ill to remain at home until they die. If the SSH organisation were not an option for dying patients and their families, the pressure on the healthcare organisation would be dramatically increased.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011
    Keywords
    enrolled nurses, end-of-life care, respite care, sitting service
    National Category
    Medical and Health Sciences Nursing
    Research subject
    Nursing Science
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-21761 (URN)10.1017/S1478951511000241 (DOI)000309995700007 ()21838950 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84855365420 (Scopus ID)
    Available from: 2012-02-24 Created: 2012-02-23 Last updated: 2018-05-03Bibliographically approved
    4. Family members' caregiving situations in palliative home care when sitting service is received: the understanding of multiple realities
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Family members' caregiving situations in palliative home care when sitting service is received: the understanding of multiple realities
    (English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    In Sweden, an increasing number of older people, in need of palliative care, are living in private

    homes with help from health professionals, but relatives are also expected to participate as

    caregivers. The aim of this study was to deepen the understanding of multiple realities of family

    members’ caregiving situations, when the private home is the place for care,

    dying, and sitting

    service. Seven relatives to a deceased family member were interviewed twice. Data were analyzed by

    direct interpretation and categorical aggregation. The result showed various patterns of becoming a

    caregiver. Important factors for coping with the situation were their needs of support, the possibility

    to prepare for death, the length of illness trajectory and experiences of losses and grief. Sitting

    service was experienced as supportive when they had possibility to hand over care responsibilities,

    but as non-supportive when expected help not was received.

    Key words: caregiving situations, multiple realities, family members, relatives, sitting service,

    palliative home care

    Keywords
    caregiving situations, multiple realities, family members, relatives, sitting service, palliative home care
    National Category
    Medical and Health Sciences Nursing
    Research subject
    Nursing Science
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-21767 (URN)
    Available from: 2012-02-23 Created: 2012-02-23 Last updated: 2017-10-17Bibliographically approved
  • 42903.
    Wallerstedt, Birgitta
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Health Sciences.
    Andershed, Birgitta
    Örebro University, Department of Health Sciences.
    Caring for dying patients outside special palliative care settings: experiences from a nursing perspective2007In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 21, no 1, p. 32-40Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to describe nurses' experiences in caring for gravely ill and dying patients outside special palliative care settings. Tape-recorded qualitative interviews were conducted with a total of nine nurses in primary home care, community care and hospitals. The interviews were analysed according to phenomenological methodology, which resulted in the three common structures: ambition and dedication, everyday encounters, and satisfaction/dissatisfaction. In the `everyday encounters' structure, the following key constituents emerged: responsibility, cooperation, experience and knowledge, feelings, and time and resources. The results describe the nurses' high ambitions to give dying patients and their relatives high-quality care. Despite this, they experienced greater or lesser degrees of dissatisfaction because of insufficient cooperation, support, time and resources. They experienced satisfaction through contact with patients and relatives, functioning collegial cooperation, and the knowledge, experience and personal growth the care had given them. The results indicate that nurses need the resources such as time, improved methods of communication and cooperation as well as more support in order to give quality palliative care and achieve satisfaction with the outcome. The need for discussion about the conditions for giving palliative care outside the hospices and other special palliative care settings is also elucidated.

  • 42904.
    Wallerstedt, Birgitta
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Andershed, Birgitta
    Department of Nursing, Gjövik University College, Gjövik, Norge; Department of Palliative Care Research, Ersta Sköndal University College, Stockholm Sweden;.
    Benzein, Eva
    School of Human Sciences, Linnaeus University, Kalmar, Sweden.
    Family members' caregiving situations in palliative home care when sitting service is received: the understanding of multiple realitiesManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    In Sweden, an increasing number of older people, in need of palliative care, are living in private

    homes with help from health professionals, but relatives are also expected to participate as

    caregivers. The aim of this study was to deepen the understanding of multiple realities of family

    members’ caregiving situations, when the private home is the place for care,

    dying, and sitting

    service. Seven relatives to a deceased family member were interviewed twice. Data were analyzed by

    direct interpretation and categorical aggregation. The result showed various patterns of becoming a

    caregiver. Important factors for coping with the situation were their needs of support, the possibility

    to prepare for death, the length of illness trajectory and experiences of losses and grief. Sitting

    service was experienced as supportive when they had possibility to hand over care responsibilities,

    but as non-supportive when expected help not was received.

    Key words: caregiving situations, multiple realities, family members, relatives, sitting service,

    palliative home care

  • 42905.
    Wallerstedt, Birgitta
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences.
    Benzein, Eva
    School of Health and Caring Sciences, Linnaeus University, Kalmar, Sweden; Department of Palliative Care Research, Ersta Sköndal University College, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Andershed, Birgitta
    Department of Nursing, Gjövik University College, Gjøvik, Norway; Department of Palliative care Research, Ersta Sköndal University College, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Sharing living and dying: A balancing act between vulnerability and a sense of security: enrolled nurses' experiences of working in the sitting service for dying patients at home2011In: Palliative & Supportive Care, ISSN 1478-9515, E-ISSN 1478-9523, Vol. 9, no 3, p. 295-303Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: To describe enrolled nurses’ (ENs’) experiences of working in a sitting service for dying patients at home (which in this article will be referred to as SSH).

    Methods: The ENs, who participated in this study, had permanent jobs in community care/ primary care, but were also employed part-time in a special home-sitting-service organisation in a municipality in the south of Sweden. Data were collected by four focus group interviews with 17 enrolled nurses. Qualitative content analysis was used to analyse the data.

    Results: Care-giving in SSH was a balancing act between a sense of security and a feeling of vulnerability. Feeling secure and valued, and that one is developing both professionally and personally stemmed from working in partnership, whereas a feeling of vulnerability was associated with managing closeness and distance, being a mediator, having responsibility and feeling guilty, feeling hindered from doing good, facing loneliness and in affecting private lives.

    Significance of the results: SSH makes it possible for people who are terminally ill to remain at home until they die. If the SSH organisation were not an option for dying patients and their families, the pressure on the healthcare organisation would be dramatically increased.

  • 42906.
    Wallerstedt, Birgitta
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Sahlberg-Blom, Eva
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Benzein, Eva
    School of Human Sciences, Linnaeus University, Kalmar, Sweden; Department of Palliative Care Research, Ersta Sköndal University College, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Andershed, Birgitta
    Department of Nursing, Gjövik University College, Gjövik, Norge; School of Human Sciences, Linnaeus University, Kalmar, Sweden; Department of Palliative Care Research, Ersta Sköndal University College, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Identification and documentation of persons being in palliative phase regardless of age, diagnosis and place of care, and their use of sitting service at the end of life2012In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 26, no 3, p. 561-568Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Older persons and persons with diseases other than cancer are often discriminated against when applying for palliative care despite growing numbers of both older persons and individuals with chronic diseases. An intention for palliative care in Sweden is that all persons in the final stage of life, irrespective of age, domicile, diagnosis, and care place shall have access to palliative care on equal terms. One way to support these persons in final stage of life and their relatives is to offer sitting service.

    Aims: To describe individuals who were identified and documented as being in a palliative phase in a Swedish municipality, with respect to demographics, use of a sitting service, continuity of care in the last month of life and the place of death. A second aim was to describe and compare the groups who received/did not receive sitting services related to the aforementioned variables.

    Method: Retrospective data from nursing records and palliative care identification forms were analyzed with descriptive and analytic statistical methods.

    Findings: Among individuals deceased during 2007, 51% were identified and documented as being in palliative phase. The majority was older people (mean 83 years) with a noncancer diagnosis (58%). Twenty-eight individuals (16%) had received a sitting service between 8 and 249 hours (one extreme value = 2211). It is indicated that sitting service significantly increased the possibility of dying at home (p = 0.00004), but did not affect how often the place of care changed during the last month of life.

    Limitation: A small sample from a Swedish context must be considered.

    Conclusion: These results can be related to an awareness in the municipality that led to adopting the concept of palliative care as not only for those with a cancer diagnosis.

  • 42907.
    Wallerstein Borg, Rebecca
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Återkallelse av sjuksköterskelegitimation2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 42908.
    Wallgren, Anders
    et al.
    Örebro University, Swedish Business School at Örebro University.
    Wallgren, Britt
    Örebro University, Swedish Business School at Örebro University.
    Correcting for coverage errors in enterprise surveys: a register-based approach2008Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 42909.
    Wallgren, Anders
    et al.
    Örebro University, Swedish Business School at Örebro University.
    Wallgren, Britt
    Örebro University, Swedish Business School at Örebro University.
    Diagram - statistikens bilder2008Book (Other academic)
  • 42910.
    Wallgren, Anders
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Business, Economics, Statistics and Informatics.
    Wallgren, Britt
    Örebro University, Department of Business, Economics, Statistics and Informatics.
    Frame populations and register populations2007Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 42911.
    Wallgren, Anders
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Business, Economics, Statistics and Informatics.
    Wallgren, Britt
    Örebro University, Department of Business, Economics, Statistics and Informatics.
    Register-based economic statistics on enterprises: editing issues2006Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 42912.
    Wallgren, Anders
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Business, Economics, Statistics and Informatics.
    Wallgren, Britt
    Örebro University, Department of Business, Economics, Statistics and Informatics.
    Register-based statistics: administrative data for statistical purposes2007Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    There is a growing interest in developing register-based surveys; that is surveys based upon already available administrative data. Since huge amounts of such data are generated within various administrative systems, the opportunity exists to use the data for statistical analysis without any of the costs involved in data collection. Register-based surveys require their own methodology and the development of these methods is an important challenge to statistical science. Instead of methods on how to collect data, methods for integrating data from different sources are necessary. How should administrative data be transformed to meet the statistical needs? Register-based Statistics offers readers a detailed account of the principles and practices of this increasingly popular area of statistics. Provides a comprehensive overview of register-based statistics, both in terms of theory and advanced application. Uses real life examples taken from Statistics Sweden to illustrate fundamental global principles. Proposes a much-needed systematic terminology for the field. Describes how to create statistical registers and a methodology for integration of data from many sources as a key tool for the future. Develops estimation methods and quality concepts for register-based surveys. Discusses statistical systems consisting of many statistical registers and surveys, highlighting the importance of consistency and coherence. Register-based Statistics provides a unique guide for all those working in statistical agencies. It will also prove invaluable for academic researchers and teachers in statistics, and statisticians working with administrative systems in government institutions and enterprises.

  • 42913.
    Wallgren, Anders
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Business, Economics, Statistics and Informatics.
    Wallgren, Britt
    Örebro University, Department of Business, Economics, Statistics and Informatics.
    Registerbaserad ekonomisk statistik med ett FDB-NR register: kalenderårsversion av FDB med konsistenta mikrodata för NR:s definitiva årsräkenskaper2007Report (Other academic)
  • 42914.
    Wallgren, Anders
    et al.
    Örebro University, Swedish Business School at Örebro University.
    Wallgren, Britt
    Örebro University, Swedish Business School at Örebro University.
    Statistically sound methods to turn time-series data into knowledge2009Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 42915.
    Wallgren, Anders
    et al.
    Örebro University, Swedish Business School at Örebro University.
    Wallgren, Britt
    Örebro University, Swedish Business School at Örebro University.
    Using administrative registers for agricultural statistics2010In: Agricultural survey methods / [ed] Roberto Benedetti, Federica Piersimoni, Marco Bee, Giuseppe Espa, New York: John Wiley & Sons , 2010, p. 27-44Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 42916.
    Wallgren, Henrik
    et al.
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Johansson, Maria
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Nehr-Ghennam, Malin
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Nu är det dags för programmering i grundskolan!: En studie om programmeringsundervisningen i grundskolan, årskurs F-6, med fokus på vilka läromedel lärarna använder och hur de värderar dessa2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 42917.
    Wallgren, Ulrika M
    et al.
    Department of Clinical Research and Education, Södersjukhuset, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; Fisksätra Vårdcentral, Saltsjöbaden, Sweden.
    Castrén, Maaret
    Department of Clinical Research and Education, Södersjukhuset, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; Section of Emergency Medicine, Södersjukhuset, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Svensson, Alexandra E V
    Department of Clinical Research and Education, Södersjukhuset, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Kurland, Lisa
    Department of Clinical Research and Education, Södersjukhuset, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; Section of Emergency Medicine, Södersjukhuset, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Identification of adult septic patients in the prehospital setting: a comparison of two screening tools and clinical judgment2014In: European journal of emergency medicine, ISSN 0969-9546, E-ISSN 1473-5695, Vol. 21, no 4, p. 260-265Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Timely identification and treatment of sepsis is crucial for patient outcome. The aim of this study was to compare two previously unvalidated prehospital sepsis screening tools with clinical judgment by emergency medical services (EMS) personnel with respect to identification of septic patients.

    PATIENTS AND METHODS: We carried out a retrospective cross-sectional study of 353 adult patients, transported by the EMS, with a hospital discharge International Classification of Diseases code consistent with sepsis. We analyzed EMS records for the identification of sepsis according to two screening tools and clinical judgment by EMS providers. The Robson screening tool includes temperature, heart rate, respiratory rate, altered mental status, plasma glucose, and a history suggestive of a new infection. BAS 90-30-90 refers to the vital signs: oxygen saturation, respiratory rate, and systolic blood pressure. McNemar's two related samples test was used to compare the sensitivity of the two screening tools with the sensitivity of clinical judgment.

    RESULTS: The Robson screening tool had a sensitivity of 75% (18 out of 24 patients for whom all parameters were documented, P<0.001, as compared with clinical judgment). BAS 90-30-90 had a sensitivity of 43% (76 out of 175 patients, P<0.001). EMS personnel documented suspected sepsis in 42 out of 353 (12%) patients with sepsis.

    CONCLUSION: The Robson screening tool had a sensitivity superior to both BAS 90-30-90 and clinical judgment. This supports our hypothesis that the implementation of a screening tool could lead to increased prehospital identification of sepsis, which may enable a more timely treatment of these patients.

  • 42918.
    Wallgren, Ulrika Margareta
    et al.
    Department of Clinical Science and Education, Södersjukhuset, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; Fisksätra Vårdcentral (Primary Health Care Center), Nacka, Sweden.
    Antonsson, Viktor Erik
    Department of Clinical Science and Education, Södersjukhuset, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Castrén, Maaret Kaarina
    Department of Clinical Science and Education, Södersjukhuset, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Emergency Medicine and Services, Helsinki University Hospital, Helsinki University, Helsinki, Sweden.
    Kurland, Lisa
    Department of Clinical Science and Education, Södersjukhuset, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; Section of Emergency Medicine, Södersjukhuset, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Longer time to antibiotics and higher mortality among septic patients with non-specific presentations: a cross sectional study of Emergency Department patients indicating that a screening tool may improve identification2016In: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine, ISSN 1757-7241, E-ISSN 1757-7241, Vol. 24, article id 1Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: The presentation of sepsis is varied and our hypotheses were that septic patients with non-specific presentations such as decreased general condition (DGC) have a less favourable outcome, and that a screening tool could increase identification of these patients. We aimed to: 1) assess time to antibiotics and in-hospital mortality among septic patients with ED chief complaint DGC, as compared with septic patients with other ED chief complaints, and 2) determine whether a screening tool could improve identification of septic patients with non-specific presentations such as DGC.

    METHODS: Cross sectional study comparing time to antibiotics (Mann Whitney and Kaplan-Meier tests), and in-hospital mortality (logistic regression), between 61 septic patients with ED chief complaint DGC and 516 septic patients with other ED chief complaints. The sensitivity and specificity of the modified Robson screening tool was compared with that of ED doctor clinical judgment (McNemar's two related samples test) among 122 patients presenting to the ED with chief complaint DGC, of which 61 were discharged with ICD code sepsis.

    RESULTS: Septic patients presenting to the ED with the chief complaint DGC had a longer median time to antibiotics (05:26 h:minutes; IQR 4:00-10:40, vs. 03:56 h:minutes; IQR 2:21-7:32) and an increased in-hospital mortality (crude OR = 4.01; 95% CI, 2.19-7.32), compared to septic patients with other ED chief complaints. This association remained significant when adjusting for sex, age, priority, comorbidity and fulfilment of the Robson score (OR 4.31; 95% CI, 2.12-8.77). The modified Robson screening tool had a higher sensitivity (63.0 vs. 24.6%, p < 0.001), but a lower specificity (68.3 vs. 100.0%, p < 0.001), as compared to clinical judgment.

    DISCUSSION: This is, to the best of our knowledge, the first study comparing outcome of septic patients according to ED chief complaint. Septic patients presenting with a non-specific ED presentation, here exemplified as the chief complaint DGC, have a less favourable outcome. Our results indicate that implementation of a screening tool may increase the identification of septic patients.

    CONCLUSIONS: The results indicate that septic patients presenting with ED chief complaint DGC constitute a vulnerable patient group with delayed time to antibiotics and high in-hospital mortality. Furthermore, the results support that implementation of a screening tool may be beneficial to improve identification of these patients.

  • 42919.
    Wallgren, Ulrika Margareta
    et al.
    Department of Clinical Science and Education, Södersjukhuset, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; Fisksätra Vårdcentral (Primary Health Care Center), Saltsjöbaden, Sweden.
    Bohm, Katarina Eva Margareta
    Department of Clinical Science and Education, Södersjukhuset, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Kurland, Lisa
    Örebro University, School of Medical Sciences. Örebro University Hospital. Department of Clinical Science and Education, Södersjukhuset, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Presentations of adult septic patients in the prehospital setting as recorded by emergency medical services: a mixed methods analysis2017In: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine, ISSN 1757-7241, E-ISSN 1757-7241, Vol. 25, no 1, article id 23Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Current sepsis screening tools rely on vital parameters which are, however, normal in one third of patients with serious infections. Therefore, there is a need to include other variables than vital parameters to identify septic patients. Our primary aim was to identify and quantify keywords related to the septic patients' symptom presentation in the prehospital setting. The secondary aims were to compare keywords in relation to in-hospital mortality and the distribution of keywords in relation to age categories, survivors/ deceased and severe/ non-severe sepsis.

    Methods: A mixed methods analysis using a sequential exploratory design was performed, starting with a content analysis of presentations of septic patients as documented in Emergency Medical Services (EMS) records (n = 80) from 2012, to identify keywords related to sepsis presentation. Thereafter, the identified keywords were quantified among 359 septic patients from 2013. All patients were adults, admitted to Södersjukhuset and discharged with an ICD-10-code (International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision) compatible with sepsis.

    Results: The most common keywords related to septic patients' symptom presentation were: abnormal/ suspected abnormal temperature (64.1.%), pain (38.4%), acute altered mental status (38.2%), weakness of the legs (35.1%), breathing difficulties (30.4%), loss of energy (26.2%) and gastrointestinal symptoms (24.0%). There was an association between keywords and in-hospital mortality. Symptoms varied between age categories, survivors/ deceased and severe/ non-severe sepsis.

    Discussion: This is, to the best of our knowledge, the first study exploring the symptom presentation as documented by EMS, of septic patients in the prehospital setting. Keywords related to patients´ symptom presentation recurred in the EMS records of septic patients, so that a pattern was discernible. In addition, certain symptom presentations were associated with increased in-hospital mortality CONCLUSIONS: Information relating to symptom presentation is not included in current sepsis screening tools. We suggest that keywords related to patients´ symptom presentation could be integrated into screening tools and may thus increase the identification of sepsis, and potentially also identify high-risk patients. However, as a first step, the specificity of these keywords, with respect to sepsis, needs to be examined.

  • 42920.
    Wallin, Agneta
    et al.
    Sahlgrenska Academy, Institute of Health and Care Sciences, University of Gothenburg, Sweden; School of Health Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Gustafsson, Margareta
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Anderzen Carlsson, Agneta
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences. Örebro University Hospital. University Health Care Research Center.
    Lundén, Maud
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences. Sahlgrenska Academy, Institute of Health and Care Sciences, University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Radiographers' experience of risks for patient safety incidents in the radiology department2019In: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 28, no 7-8, p. 1125-1134Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To describe potential risks for patient safety incidents in the radiology department from a radiographer's perspective.

    BACKGROUND: A radiology department is a high-tech environment with high communication activity between different health care systems in combination with a large patient flow. Risks for patient safety incidents exist in every phase of a radiological examination. Due to the nature of the activity, a radiology department needs to have its own range of measures to prevent risks linked to radiology.

    DESIGN: A qualitative descriptive design.

    METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were carried out with 17 radiographers during the period September 2015 to February 2016. The data was analyzed using conventional content analysis. This study followed the COREQ checklist criteria for the reporting of qualitative research.

    RESULTS: The analysis yielded 20 different patient safety incidents that could result in the following six types of health care-associated harm: Patients could; (1) be exposed to unnecessary radiation; (2) receive an inaccurate diagnosis; (3) incur drug-induced damage; (4) suffer direct physical injury; or (5) their examination and treatment could be delayed or not carried out; or (6) their general health condition could deteriorate.

    CONCLUSION: Lack of communication and knowledge, both internally and externally, can increase risks for patient safety incidents. The study describes a complex chain of activities that represent risks in the radiology department. It needs to be pointed out that it is not always the activities in the radiology department that cause the harm.

    RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: To carry out preventive patient safety work, a comprehensive analysis of the entire care chain is required. Patient safety work should also focus on improvement of communication both internally, within the radiology department, and externally. Standardized methodological guidelines, consistent prescriptions of method from the radiologist, and a good working environment are internal success factors for patient safety at the radiology department.

  • 42921.
    Wallin, Amanda
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    The Compatibility of Prenatal Sex Selection with International Human Rights Law: The causes and regulation of non-medical sex selective abortions2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 42922.
    Wallin, Anna-Maria
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    The right to a fair trial in Russia: From the point of view of the European Court of Human Rights2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 42923.
    Wallin, Anton
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Hospitality, Culinary Arts & Meal Science.
    Marlowe, Jolinne
    Örebro University, School of Hospitality, Culinary Arts & Meal Science.
    Johansson, Linda
    Örebro University, School of Hospitality, Culinary Arts & Meal Science.
    Jäst med J: Jästfällningens påverkan i vitt vin2012Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    När ett vin jäst färdigt kan vinmakaren välja att lagra vinet på sin jästfällning för att nya aromer ska utvecklas. Jästfällningen bidrar även till en förändring i texturen. Syftet med denna B-uppsats är att undersöka vilka förändringar av arom och textur som stilla vitt vin får efter jäsningen vid lagring på sin jästfällning. En litteraturstudie som bygger på fem vetenskapliga artiklar varav en review-artikel ligger till grund för resultatet.Alla studier från artiklarna visar att vinet får en påtaglig förändring i smak och textur efter lagring på sin jästfällning. Dessa förändringar upplevs både positivt och negativt. Oftast leder lagring på jästfällningen till positiv aromutveckling och förhöjd kvalitet till vin, men resultaten är individuella. Det går att se vissa mönster i aromutvecklingen mellan olika druvsorter. Men det är balansen mellan druvsort, jästtyp och lagringstid som är de viktigaste

  • 42924.
    Wallin, Emma
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Nilsson, Ewa
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Läslustombudet-spindeln i förskolans litteraturnät: En kvalitativ intervjustudie2013Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 42925.
    Wallin, Erika
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Rosdal, Linda
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Strokeöverlevares upplevelser av återgång i arbete samt arbetets inverkan på hälsa och välbefinnande En litteraturstudie2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 42926.
    Wallin, Johanna
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    " Behandling för män som brukar våld mot kvinnor i nära relationer": - en beskrivande och jämförande litteraturstudie2011Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 42927.
    Wallin, Karin
    et al.
    Department of Clinical Science Lund, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Pettersen, Gunn
    Department of Health and Care Sciences, University of Tromsø, The Arctic University of Norway, Tromsø, Norway.
    Björk, Tabita
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden. Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Psychiatry, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Råstam, Maria
    Department of Clinical Science Lund, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    A Qualitative Study of Males' Perceptions about Causes of Eating Disorder2014In: Psychology, ISSN 2152-7180, Vol. 5, no 15, p. 1813-1820Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Our knowledge about males’ perceptions about causes of eating disorder is very limited, but can be useful in the treatment planning for males. The aim of this study was to describe how male former patients perceived causes of onset of their eating disorder. Fifteen males previously treated for eating disorders and now considering themselves as recovered where interviewed at ages 19 - 52. All interviews were recorded and analyzed qualitatively using a phenomenographic approach. Three categories of perceived causes of onset of eating disorders were found. The first category: self-dissatisfaction, was presented with three conceptions: “High achievements and demands”, “Body-dissatisfaction” and “Low self-esteem”. The second category: family environment, comprised the two conceptions: “Difficulty in family interaction and communication” and “Excessive expectations from family members”. The third category was stressful events outside the family, and consisted of the three conceptions: “Bullying, bad situation at school”, “Moving to new places/separation from friends” and “Societal ideals”. Males’ perceptions of causes of onset of their eating disorder were in many aspects similar to those earlier described for women. In treatment, it is important that the clinicians show a sincere interest in perceived causes, since it may facilitate a good working alliance with the patient.

  • 42928. Wallin, Kjell P.
    et al.
    Nevonen, Lauri
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences.
    Intensive family therapy: a program evaluation2007In: Journal of Family Psychotherapy, ISSN 0897-5353, E-ISSN 1540-4080, Vol. 18, no 2, p. 1-15Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The main objective was to study intensive family therapy (IFT) within a treatment program carried out at a child and adolescent psychiatric clinic. Our study uses a quasi-experimental design with pre-treatment, post-treatment, and follow-up assessment and comprises 46 consecutive families, using the Family Relations Scale, Symptom Check List-90, and Child Behavior Check List. Baseline values reveal a heavy problem load. Significant differences were, however, shown from pre-treatment to the six-month follow-up and pre-treatment to the two-year follow-up on all three scales. The effect sizes from pre-treatment to the six-month follow-up were low to medium. IFT works for multi-problem families, with continued improvements after completed treatment.

  • 42929. Wallin, Lars
    et al.
    Eriksson, Mats
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences.
    Newborn individual development care and assessment program (NIDCAP): a systematic review of the literature2009In: Worldviews on Evidence-Based Nursing, ISSN 1545-102X, E-ISSN 1741-6787, Vol. 6, no 2, p. 54-69Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Important advancements have been made in the care of preterm infants. Health services have introduced various methods aimed at promoting attachment, breastfeeding, and neurological development. The Newborn Individualized Developmental Care and Assessment Program (NIDCAP), developed to stimulate preterm infants at levels adapted to the child's degree of neurological maturity, is increasingly being used.

    Objectives: The aim was to investigate the impact of NIDCAP on the psychomotor development, neurological status, medical/nursing care outcomes, and parental perceptions. A further aim was to evaluate the cost-related effects of NIDCAP.

    Data Extraction and Analysis: A literature search up to September 2007 was performed. The reviewed papers were assessed for methodological quality and only statistically significant findings were extracted.

    Findings: The evidence compiled on the effects of NIDCAP is based on 12 articles from six randomized controlled trials that included approximately 250 children. Each of the studies was assessed as having medium quality. Most of the studies were small and many investigated a huge number of outcome variables, which decreased their scientific strength. On outcome variables in which a significant difference was found between the intervention (NIDCAP) and control groups, most studies showed better results for the NIDCAP group. This was particularly valid for cognitive and psychomotor development. Four studies also showed a reduced need for respiratory support for the NIDCAP group. No studies were identified that weighed the total cost of NIDCAP against its effects.

    Conclusions: Despite promising findings, primarily on cognitive and motor development, the scientific evidence on the effects of NIDCAP is limited. Shortcomings in design and methods in the reviewed studies hamper far-reaching claims on the effectiveness of the method. Scientific grounds for assessing the effects of NIDCAP would be substantially enhanced by a sufficiently comprehensive study with extended follow-up and a clear focus on a few important outcome variables.

  • 42930.
    Wallin, Linda
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Patienters välbefinnande i samband med preoperativ fasta2012Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 42931.
    Wallin, Louise
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Henriksson, Jenny
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Med Facebook som slutdestination: En studie om SJ:s och SAS budskap på Facebook2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 42932.
    Wallin, Mikaela
    et al.
    Örebro University, Swedish Business School at Örebro University.
    Mirza, Soma
    Örebro University, Swedish Business School at Örebro University.
    Revisorernas dilemma - tala eller tiga?2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Since 1999 auditors have an obligation, according to 42-44 §§ aktiebolagslagen (2005:551), to report suspicions of crime. The obligation to report means that the auditor is legally obliged to report any suspicious economical crime potentially committed by the executive director or a member of the board to a district attorney. Prior to the enactment it was almost impossible for the auditor to report any criminal suspicion due to the professional confidentiality. According to Ekobrottsmyndigheten the number of crime suspicion reports filed by auditors has reduced by 50 percent in the Stockholm-region between 2006 and 2010. However, after the enactment crime suspicion reports increased successively each year. The purpose of this study is to analyze the problems surrounding the auditors obligation to report as well as to investigate whether the view on the problems differ depending on the auditors professional experience.

    To conduct the study we used a qualitative method, which means that we have performed interviews to gather data for our empirical chapter. We interviewed eight auditors in total; four auditors with a long history of professional experience and four with slightly shorter work experience, active in Stockholm and Örebro.

    We have come to the conclusion that more professional experience gives the auditor a broader view on the existing tasks and factors and difficulties they encounter while working. Lack of legal knowledge is the greatest obstacle to the auditor in cases of suspected crimes. Finally, we note that the auditors' focus of today, twelve years after the enactment, no longer is on the obligation to report crime.

  • 42933.
    Wallin, Sandra
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    I spit your grave: En kritisk granskning2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 42934.
    Wallin, Sara
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Användande av Microwave HistoSTATION vid urkalkning av histologiska preparat: En jämförelse med konventionell teknik2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 42935.
    Wallin, Sofia
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences.
    Effekten av 5 veckors utövande av yoga och meditation på ambulatoriskt blodtryck och mikrocirkulatoriskt hudblodflöde2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 42936.
    Wallin, Therese
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    "Reading is a creative adventure": How listening to an audiobook can help students develop depth of understanding, as well as interest and engagement in fiction2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 42937.
    Wallin, Åsa
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Bellström, Matilda
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Poljak, Maja
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Efter institutionen: en uppföljning av institutionsplacerade ungdomar2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study is to examine the social situation of youths that have been in institutional care, regarding drug abuse, criminality and mental health. The aim is also to examine their experiences from the time at the institution.

    Following questions of issues are illustrated in the study:

    - Is there any change in usage of alcohol and drugs from the registration to the follow up occasion?

    - Have the youth´s criminal behaviour changed to the follow up occasion?

    - Is there any change in mental health to be found since the registration?

    - What kind of experiences are gained during the institutional care?

    These questions have been answered with data from registration and follow up interviews with 105 youths, previous in institutional care.

    The results are compaired with an earlier published ADAD follow up. We also discuss the results on the basis of Levin´s (1997; 1998) and Andreassen’s (2003) debate about institutional care, and other research findings.

    Conclusions that can be made from this study are that the situation of the examined youths has improved slightly and that the majority of the youth have positive experiences. Even so, many of them still have behaviour problems and emotional difficulties. None of the youths have quit using drugs, 84 per cent are still criminal and many report feelings of depression. These results agree with the earlier ADAD follow up, and with other research findings.

  • 42938.
    Wallinder, Johanna
    Örebro University, School of Medical Sciences.
    Diagnostic tools for sports-related concussion2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 42939.
    Wallinder, Sara
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Okontrollerad och omoralisk eller omvårdande och skötsam?: En kvalitativ studie om kvinnornapå Västra Mark 1967-19812017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Västra Mark Hospital in Örebro was one of many mental institutions in Sweden until the mid eighties. Västra Mark Hospital apprehended women who in different ways were considered to deviate from the rest of the society. This study aims to examine how the women were constructed in the psychiatric charts with focus on how the women are described by Beverley Skeggs theory of a respectable femininity. Furthermore the study aims to examine how the women  describe  themselves as inmates. This study is based on psychiatric charts and letters that was written to the doctor at the hospital. The key questions in this study is focus on how the women and the respectable femininity are produced in the charts, and how the women describe themselves as inmates in letters to the doctor. Previous research on mental institutions, has revealed that social class was an important factor of how the female patients were described as deviant and sick in the psychiatric charts. Furthermore, the female patients’ sexuality was a main focus in the depiction of the inmates. This qualitative study shows that the depiction of respectable femininity in the charts may have had significance for the women's discharge from the institution. The study also shows  that the women's descriptions of themselves in the letters gave them space to negotiate and obtain redress in different ways.

  • 42940.
    Wallinius, Marta
    et al.
    Div Forens Psychiat, Skåne Univ Hosp, Lund, Sweden.; Lund Univ, Lund, Sweden.
    Johansson, Peter
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Larden, Martin
    Dev Program, Swedish Prison & Probat Service, Norrköping, Sweden; Qual Treatment Program, Swedish Prison & Probat Serv, Norrköping, Sweden..
    Dernevik, Mats
    Linköping Univ, Dept Medicine & Health Science, Linköping, Sweden.
    Self-serving cognitive distortions and antisocial behavior among adults and adolescents2011In: Criminal justice and behavior, ISSN 0093-8548, E-ISSN 1552-3594, Vol. 38, no 3, p. 286-301Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The reliability and validity of the self-report questionnaire How I Think (HIT), designed to assess self-serving cognitive distortions related to antisocial behavior, was tested among Swedish offender and nonoffender adults and adolescents (N = 364). The results showed self-serving distortions to be more common among offenders and to predict self-reported antisocial behavior when tested among adults. Confirmatory factor analysis revealed, in contrast to earlier findings, that the underlying structure of the HIT was best explained by a three-factor solution with one major cognitive factor, referred to as "criminal mind." It was concluded that the HIT, after further examination of its structural and divergent validity, could be used as a measure of criminal thinking in adults as well as in adolescents.

  • 42941.
    Wallman, Jonas
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Business, Economics, Statistics and Informatics.
    Axelsson, Daniel
    Örebro University, Department of Business, Economics, Statistics and Informatics.
    Liljeqvist, Fredrik
    Örebro University, Department of Business, Economics, Statistics and Informatics.
    REVISORNS ROLL MOT EKONOMISK BROTTSLIGHET: En studie om revisorns roll i mindre aktiebolag2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden is heading towards a greater internationalization which has lead to a debate about the duty of auditing and the role of the auditor. One of the reasons why the duty of auditing was introduced was to prevent economic crime. Therefore it is an interesting point of view to investigate how the role of the auditor helps to prevent economic crime.

    The fundamental purpose with this essay is to investigate how the role of the auditors is shown in preventing and controlling the economic crime. The goal with this essay is to find a conclusion about how it will affect the control of companies if the duty of auditing is taken away.

    This essay has been accomplished through a qualitative method. We have interviewed two auditors from different major auditing companies. The empiric and theoretical material have been collected, compared and analyzed.

    Our essay present that the auditor has an important role when it comes to preventing and controlling economic crime. There are also a few differences between the law and how the auditors are acting with different economic crimes. Our investigation also presents that the auditing and the annual report most likely will have a poorer quality and the economic crime will probably increase if the duty of auditing is taken away.

  • 42942.
    Wallner, Lovisa
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    RELATIONEN MELLAN MEDIALT OCH POLITISKT FÖRTROENDE -En kvantitativ studie om det mediala förtroendets påverkan på politiska attityder2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The actualization of fake news in the media has led to a widespread debate concerning the trust and mistrust of different news medias and their content. What differences in individual trust can be traced when analyzing the Swedish people’s attitudes regarding media? Lots of researchers have presented different theories to explain why political trust differ. This study on the other hand has the ambition to analyze whether media trust has a significant effect on political trust. Regarding the upcoming general election in Sweden the autumn of 2018, the connection between media trust and political trust is a current and interesting subject. Especially concidering the knowledge that democracy and how it works is dependent on political trust. This study analyses the relationship between media trust and political trust and concludes that the phenomena has a strong positive correlation that is also growing stronger over time. Additionally, the study brings out media trust as a strong factor for political trust in comparison to other established theories about how political trust can be explained.

  • 42943.
    Wallon, Riikka
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Education.
    Eriksson, Emma
    Örebro University, Department of Education.
    Fyrapedagogers didaktiska perspektiv på läs- och skrivundervisning2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med vår c-uppsats harvarit att diskuterade didaktiska frågorna i den inledande läs- och skrivundervisningen. För att uppnå syftet har vi forskningsfrågan: Hur kan några lärares didaktiska val i den inledande läs- och skrivundervisningen förstås ur ett lärandeperspektiv?

    För att besvara vår forskningsfråga har vi valt att intervjua fyra pedagoger som alla arbetar med den tidiga läs- och skrivundervisningen. Vi valde en kvalitativ undersökningmetod eftersom vi genom den får en djupare förståelse för pedagogernas perspektiv.

    Inledningsvis harvi beskrivit att skolan genomgått en decentralisering, vilket harlett till att de didaktiska frågorna kommit att hamna i fokus och att ettallt större ansvar lagts på pedagoger för utformning avundervisning. Pedagogernas didaktiska val formas av den lärandesyn pedagogen innehar. I uppsatsen har olika teoriperspektiv på lärande presenterats; ett behavioristiskt, ett sociokulturellt och ett konstruktivistiskt. Ur dessa teoriperspektiv har detsedan utvecklats olika principer för den inledande läs- och skrivundervisningen, en syntetisk- och en analytisk princip, vilket i sin tur gett upphov till olika metoder för att lära barn läsa och skriva.

    Vi kan i vår studie konstatera att den lärandesynen som dominerar hos våra intervjupersoner är den sociokulturella. Trots detta kan vi i några av våra intervjupersoners arbetssätt se inslag av den syntetiskaprincipen, dock inleds undervisningen hos alla våra intervjupersoner med ett analytiskt förhållningssätt.

  • 42944.
    Wallroth, Veronika
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Adult Sons Perceptions of Care2016Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    From a study, with face-to-face interviews with 19 caregiving men that provides care for an elderly parents or in-law, this presentation will bring attention to men’s perceptions of care and caregiving. The literature on family caregiving as well as the theoretical debate on the concept of care, has focused almost exclusively on women. This focus has meant that although gender analysis are not uncommon in the literature in question, gender tends to be equated with womanhood. This because women are assumed to engage in more care work than men and that women are seen as natural care providers. This means that women’s experiences and definitions of care work have guided much gerontological scholarship, and have provided the standards against which men’s experiences are compared. However, the men interviewed in this study emphasizes that caregiving is natural and that caregiving is a part of their personality. Some of them stressed also that they felt that the ability to provide care comes natural to them and is a part of their identity even if they acknowledged that caregiving and manhood are not considered to be synonymous. Several of the interviewed men also connect their caregiving responsibility to the experience of being fathers. They stressed that being able to respond to someone’s care needs is not something that only women can do. This suggests that while being a caregiver is a part of these caregiving men’s identity, this does not only challenge gender and masculinity norms, it also challenges the norms of caregiving.

  • 42945.
    Wallroth, Veronika
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Idealbilden av en omsorgsgivare2017In: Social omsorg i socialt arbete: Grunder och fördjupningar / [ed] Stina Johansson, Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2017, 1, p. 141-162Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 42946.
    Wallroth, Veronika
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work. NISAL - Nationella institutet för forskning om äldre och åldrande, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, Sweden.
    Men do care!: A gender-aware and masculinity-informed contribution to caregiving scholarship2016Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In caregiving literature, it is often the female gender that has been the focus of attention, and in particular women’s unpaid labor. Studies also tend to make comparisons between men’s and women’s caregiving, using men’s caregiving experiences to show not only that women face greater burdens, but also that men’s needs can be minimized. This means that while gender analysis is not uncommon in the caregiving literature, gender tends to be equated with womanhood. This is impeding us from moving the debates on care and caregiving forward. The dissertation argues – through a phenomenological analysis of men’s motives, experiences and perceptions of care and caregiving – that much could be gained if we were to rectify the gender bias by bringing attention to caregiving men in the gender-aware and masculinity-informed way that is lacking in the family caregiving literature at present. For this dissertation, 19 caregiving adult sons and sons-in-law were interviewed. The aim of the study is twofold. Firstly, it attempts to contribute to the rectification of the gender bias found in the literature on family caregiving by focusing on men’s caregiving and answering the following research questions: What motivates men to provide care for their elderly parents? How do adult sons experience caregiving? What do adult sons think that care and caregiving are, i.e. what are their perspectives on care? Secondly, this dissertation also aims to explore whether a gender-aware and masculinity-informed perspective can be used to enhance our understanding of caregiving. This study discusses how motives, experiences and perspectives, which have so far been interpreted as unique to women, are also matters that men talk about and consider important in caregiving. Thus, this study shows that a gender-aware and masculinity-informed perspective on care can increase our understanding of family caregiving and contribute to rectify the gender bias that care research suffers from. The study suggests that caregiving men should not solely be regarded as empirically interesting. This is because they are an unexploited and theoretically profuse source of information about caregiving.

  • 42947.
    Wallroth, Veronika
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Män som ger omsorg till äldre närstående – hur de ser på omsorg och sitt omsorgsgivande2018Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 42948.
    Wallroth, Veronika
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Reconciliation of care and work from a male perspective2010Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 42949.
    Wallroth, Veronika
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Stöd till äldres anhöriga som relationsarbete2018In: Relationer i socialt arbete: i gränslandet mellan profession och person / [ed] Anders Bruhn & Åsa Källström, Stockholm: Liber, 2018, 1, p. 248-261Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 42950.
    Wallroth, Veronika
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Stöd till äldres anhöriga som relationsarbete2018Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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