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  • 51.
    Abdelzadeh, Ali
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences. Youth & Society.
    Amnå, Erik
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences. Youth & Society.
    Lundberg, Erik
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Stockholm, Sweden.
    En arena för tillit och tolerans?2016In: Föreningen, jaget och laget: 7 perspektiv påmidrotrens  demokratiska effekter, Stockholm: Centrum för idrottsforskning , 2016, p. 27-46Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 52.
    Abdelzadeh, Ali
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Dahl, Viktor
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Bilaga 2: En utvärdering av Skolval 20102015In: Öva och ta ställning: En utvärdering av arbetet med skolvalen 2014 / [ed] Björnstam, Linnea, Myndigheten för ungdoms- och civilsamhällesfrågor , 2015, , p. 9p. 47-55Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna rapport är att: (a) redogöra för vilka elever som deltog i skolvalet 2010, (b) samt undersöka huruvida deltagandet i skolvalet har någon effekt på ungas intresse för politik/samhällsfrågor, politiska diskussioner med föräldrar och vänner, intention att rösta i framtida val samt politiskt deltagande. För denna undersökning används först och främst enkätdata från Political socialization Project (PSP); en pågående longitudinell studie som undersöker framväxten av unga människors politiska attityder och engagemang (Amnå, Ekström, Kerr & Stattin, 2009). Analyserna i denna rapport omfattar endast elever i PSP-studien vars skola anmält till Myndigheten för ungdoms- och civilsamhällesfrågor att de genomfört skolval. Totalt omfattar de analyser som denna rapport baseras på 3 högstadieskolor och 3 gymnasieskolor vilket sammantaget blir 860 elever.

  • 53.
    Abdelzadeh, Ali
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Ekman, Joakim
    Centrum för Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning (CBEES), Södertörns högskola, , Stockholm, Sweden.
    Understanding critical citizenship and other forms of public dissatisfaction: an alternative framework2012In: Politics, Culture and Socialization, ISSN 1866-3427, E-ISSN 2196-1417, Vol. 3, no 1-2, p. 179-196Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research has paid much attention to citizen dissatisfaction and the trends of growing political disaffection, cynicism, and scepticism – in short, the emergence of 'critical citizens'. Also, more recently, critical citizens have sometimes been viewed as an asset for democracy. However, despite both pessimistic and optimistic interpretations of public criticism, the issue of conceptualizing negative attitudes has received less attention. The present study was conducted to enrich understanding of this particular dimension of citizens' attitudes. To this end, the paper suggests an alternative theoretical framework for analysing various forms of negative political orientations. The framework has been tested empirically using three types of statistical procedures, which demonstrate its validity and usefulness.

  • 54.
    Abdelzadeh, Ali
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Idris, Ahmedi
    Stockholms universitet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Iran2015In: Komparativ politik: nio politiska system / [ed] Carsten Anckar och Thomas Denk, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2015, 1, p. 267-293Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 55.
    Abdelzadeh, Ali
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Zetterberg, Pär
    Department of Government, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Ekman, Joakim
    Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Södertörn University, Huddinge, Sweden.
    Procedural fairness and political trust among young people: evidence from a panel study on Swedish high school students2015In: Acta Politica, ISSN 0001-6810, E-ISSN 1741-1416, Vol. 50, no 3, p. 253-278Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The role of ‘fair’ institutions in developing democratic legitimacy has received increased attention. Citizens who perceive – on basis of past experiences – that they are being treated fairly by authorities have been held to have greater trust in political institutions. However, previous studies on the relationship between procedural fairness and political trust have not paid sufficient attention to individuals with limited first-hand experiences of authorities. We examine the relationship on an authority that virtually all individuals meet early in life: the school. Using structural equation modeling on unique panel data covering 1,500 Swedish adolescents (ages ranging from 13 to 17), we find a reciprocal relationship: personal encounters with school authorities shape young people’s political trust; however, the images that adolescents get of the political system (through family, peers, media, etc.) have also consequences on their perceptions about the authorities they encounter in their daily lives. The analysis increases our understanding of how individuals form their political allegiances by showing that the relationship between fairness and trust is more dynamic than has previously been suggested: neither an accumulated set of experiences of authorities nor formal ties with political institutions (as voters, etc.) are required for a relationship to emerge. 

  • 56.
    Abdelzadeh, Ali
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Özdemir, Metin
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Van Zalk, Maarten
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Dissatisfied citizens: an asset or a burden in democratic functioning of a society?Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Past research has shown that, whereas the majority of people in democracies support the idea of democracy as a form of governance, some citizens are dissatisfied with the democratic institutions and the way democracy performs. In this paper, we examined democratic characteristics of dissatisfied youths to understand the role they play in the democratic functioning of a society. Based on youth’s dissatisfaction with the performance of political institutions and the principles of democracy, we identified four groups distinct of citizens. Then, we compared these groups in terms of their political engagement, knowledge and interest, values and attitudes, and law breaking attitudes. The results showed that youths with high levels of principle- and performance-driven dissatisfaction were less likely to participate in politics, less knowledgeable and interested in political issues, and more likely to break the laws, even if people got hurt compared to other three groups. In contrast, youths who were only dissatisfied with the performance of democratic institutions were more likely to participate in politics, and have higher humanistic values and tolerance towards immigrants. By examining distinct groups of dissatisfied citizens and their democratic characteristics, the current study contributes to the general debate on the role of dissatisfied citizens in democracies.

  • 57.
    Abdelzadeh, Ali
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Özdemir, Metin
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Van Zalk, Maarten
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Dissatisfied Citizens: An Asset to or a Liability on the Democratic Functioning of Society?2015In: Scandinavian Political Studies, ISSN 0080-6757, E-ISSN 1467-9477, Vol. 38, no 4, p. 410-436Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Past research has shown that, although a majority of citizens in democracies support the idea of democracy as a form of governance, some tend to be distrustful of democratic institutions and express dissatisfaction with the way democracy works. It is argued in this article that to better understand the role of various groups of dissatisfied citizens in the democratic functioning of a society, one should examine their democratic characteristics. Based on youth's dissatisfaction with the performance of political institutions and the principles of democracy, four distinct groups of citizens are identified. These groups are then compared in terms of their political engagement, knowledge and interest, values and attitudes, and disposition to break the law. The results showed that youths with high levels of principle- and performance-driven dissatisfaction were less likely to participate in politics, less knowledgeable and interested in political issues, and more likely to break the law, even if people got hurt compared with other groups. In contrast, youths who were only dissatisfied with the performance of democratic institutions were more likely to participate in politics, and had higher tolerance towards immigrants, and political interest and knowledge. They were also more likely, peacefully and without harming other people, to break the law to change society. Overall, by examining distinct groups of dissatisfied citizens and their democratic characteristics, this study contributes to the general debate on the role of dissatisfied citizens in democracies.

  • 58.
    Abdelzadeh, Hewa
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Benca, Jasmin
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Orientalismens vindar blåser ännu: En kritisk diskursanalys av Dagens Nyheters och Aftonbladets nyhetsrapportering om Stockholm respektive Oslo- och Utøyadåden2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 59.
    Abderhim, Walid Tajeddinn
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Morphological Analysis of β-catenin and E-cadherin in Colorectal Cancer2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 60.
    Abdessadki, Fadila
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Blivande adoptivföräldrars upplevelser under adoptivprocessen2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 61.
    Abdi Botan, Amina
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Bozkan, Ronahi
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Kognitiv beteende-terapeutisk behandling för pedofiler och övriga sexualbrottslingar.: - En kvalitativ litteraturstudie om effekter och utvärderingsproblematik på kvantitativ forskning. 2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning

    Följande studie är en kvalitativ litteraturstudie, grundat på kvantitativ forskning, som undersöker det befintliga kunskapsläget angående de långsiktiga behandlingseffekterna rörande sambandet mellan KBT-inriktad behandling och återfall hos pedofiler och övriga sexualförbrytare. Studien syftar till att granska vilket utfall KBT-inriktade behandlingsprogram har för vuxna, manliga pedofiler samt övriga sexualförbrytare. Vidare ämnar litteraturstudien att undersöka om befintlig forskning tar hänsyn till och belyser problematiken som kan uppstå i samband med utvärderingar av behandlingsprogrammen. 14 kvantitativa vetenskapliga artiklar har inkluderats och ligger till grund för denna litteraturöversikt. De vetenskapliga artiklarna har genom en tematisk analys syntetiserats och analyserats utifrån stämplingsteorin samt begreppen makt och stigma. Resultatet av litteraturöversikten visar att KBT- inriktade behandlingsprogram visar blandade resultat när det kommer till att minska återfallsfrekvensen hos pedofiler och övriga sexualförbrytare. Vidare visar resultatet att de studier som inkluderats i denna litteraturöversikt i olika grad tagit hänsyn till och belyst olika problem som kan uppstå i samband med utvärderingar, men generellt är denna aspekt väldigt bristfällig i samtliga studier. Det framkom även att samtliga artiklar hade olika förutsättningar i sina studier då de exempelvis har olika uppföljningstider, har utfört behandlingsprogrammen på olika institutioner, majoriteten saknar en definition av återfall samt att artiklarna inkluderat olika typer av sexualförbrytare i sina studier. Därav är det inte möjligt att sammanställa resultaten av samtliga inkluderade artiklar. Utifrån detta går det således heller inte att veta huruvida KBT-inriktade behandlingsprogram är verksamma för de olika typerna av sexualförbrytare.

  • 62.
    Abdi Mohamed, Halimo
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Järn, David
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Att leva med kroniskt obstruktiv lungsjukdom2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 63.
    Abdi, Yasmin
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Tinnitus i relation till livskvalité: En jämförande studie mellan personer med normal hörsel och personer med hörselnedsättning2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 64.
    Abdi-Ahmed, Shukri
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences.
    Optimal undersökningsteknik vid utredning an hepatitcellulär cancer med datortomografi2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 65.
    Abdinasir, Ayaan
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Forsberg, Niklas
    Familjens upplevelser av att leva med en anhörig som har Multipel Skleros: En litteraturstudie2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 66.
    Abdirazak Mohamed, Warsame
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Sultan, Ahmed
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Fallstudier i IDA ICE2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Case studies have been performed on a room, of which the U-values, the outer wall orientation and the ventilation system are adjusted, to study how such measures affect the energy usage of said room. The aim is to create a frame of reference that can be used to give quick answers to questions regarding the amount of energy that could be saved by applying the methods discussed in this thesis. During said studies, the U-value of a simulated room’s outer wall has been decreased from 0,15 to 0,11, and the U-value of the windows of the same room has been decreased from 1,2 to 0,9. The room has been moved so that the outer wall would face west, south, east and north respectively. Finally, the simulated room’s energy and heat balance have been simulated in two cases for a person load of 20 persons, of which the first case presents a room with a CAV (Constant Air Volume) ventilation system, and the second case presents a room with a VAV (Varied Air Volume) ventilation system. The following results are obtained from the simulations: Choosing a window with a U-value of 0.9 instead of 1.2 W/m2Kdecreases the room’s energy usage by 15 %. Choosing an outer wall with a U-value of 0.11 instead of 0.15W/m2K decreases the room’s energy usage by 9 %. Choosing a VAV ventilation system instead of a CAV ventilation system decreases the room’s energy usage by up to 16 %. Constructing the outer wall to face south decreases the room’s energy usage by 14-29 %.

  • 67.
    Abdo, Rita
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Högläsning av skönlitteratur i förskoleklass2008Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 68.
    Abdul Jabar, Stran
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Abdelzadeh, Hewa
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Att skapa identitet: En kritisk diskursanalys2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 69.
    Abdul Khalil, Khaleda
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Seeking Asylum: Unaccompanied Minors in Sweden and Norway2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 70.
    Abdul Khalil, Rohina
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    HUR PÅVERKAR EUROPEISERINGEN SVERIGES UTRIKESDEKLARATIONER?: Perioden 1988 - 20122014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 71.
    Abdul Khaliq, Ali
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Pecora, Federico
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Saffiotti, Alessandro
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Point-to-point safe navigation of a mobile robot using stigmergy and RFID technology2016In: 2016 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS), Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2016, p. 1497-1504, article id 7759243Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Reliable autonomous navigation is still a challenging problem for robots with simple and inexpensive hardware. A key difficulty is the need to maintain an internal map of the environment and an accurate estimate of the robot’s position in this map. Recently, a stigmergic approach has been proposed in which a navigation map is stored into the environment, on a grid of RFID tags, and robots use it to optimally reach predefined goal points without the need for internal maps. While effective,this approach is limited to a predefined set of goal points. In this paper, we extend this approach to enable robots to travel to any point on the RFID floor, even if it was not previously identified as a goal location, as well as to keep a safe distance from any given critical location. Our approach produces safe, repeatable and quasi-optimal trajectories without the use of internal maps, self localization, or path planning. We report experiments run in a real apartment equipped with an RFID floor, in which a service robot either reaches or avoids a user who wears slippers equipped with an RFID tag reader.

  • 72.
    Abdulahad, Sandybell
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Bör en uppsåtspresumtion vid självförvållad berusning göras i svensk rätt?2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 73.
    Abdulahad, Sandybell
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Straffansvar för gruppvåldtäkt: Grov våldtäkt2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 74.
    Abdulhomeed, Bashar
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Contemporary Research on e-democracy: A Literature Review2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 75.
    Abdulkadir, Kauser
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences.
    Värdet av datorstödd bildanalys vid CT-colografi2010Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 76.
    Abdulkadir, Nema
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences.
    Analys av Ki67 i relation till den fraktala dimensionen hos coloncancer2010Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 77.
    Abdulkareem, Ahmed
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Al-Radi, Omar
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Evaluating the measured grip stiffness of different carton board material properties and geometries2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This candidate thesis reports the findings of a study on an objective method for measuring grip stiffness in carton board packages with different geometries and material properties. Syntouch Biotac and a tensile tester were used as an objective method for measuring grip stiffness. In this project tests were carried out on packages with three different grammages and two different geometries. For each grammage and geometry, ten packages were tested.

    The study identifies that the applied method for the measurement of grip stiffness works to measure the change in grip stiffness regardless of where a load was applied on a package. Furthermore, the method demonstrates reasonable results. Finally, the study concluded that the objective testing method could distinguish between different material properties and geometries of the cartons being measured.

  • 78.
    Abdulkarim, Nassrin
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Vem är alternativt skyddsbehövande?: En analys om svensk tillämpning av skyddsgrundsdirektivet2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 79.
    Abdulkarim, Payan
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Ehres, Sandy
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Svensk kriminalvård: Receptet på ett framgångsrikt återanpassningssystem2012Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Kriminalvården ansvarar för att lagöverträdare straffas och återanpassas till samhället, ett dubbelt uppdrag som kräver att klientarbetet är av hög kvalitet för att kunna säkerställa att insatserna är återfallsförebyggande. Den svenska kriminalvårdsmodellen har tilldelats mycket beröm genom att den grundar sig i en humanistisk människosyn och värnar om intagnas mänskliga rättigheter och integritet. Föreliggande studie syftar till att undersöka hur den svenska kriminalvården genom visionen "bättre ut" införlivar samhällsuppdraget om rågången mellan straff och behandling. Vidare är syftet att jämföra svenska effektstudier avseende minskade återfall i brott med internationell utvärderingsforskning för att kunna bedöma huruvida den svenska kriminalvårdsmodellen är mer framgångsrik och effektiv. Föreliggande studie är en kombinerad teoretisk uppsats och en systematisk litteraturöversikt. Studiens resultat påvisar att kriminalvårdens målsättning avseende effektiv återanpassning är svår att uppnå. Detta till följd av olika samverkansfaktorer och förhållanden, hos intagna, personal samt behandlingen i sig, som inverkar på den intagnes behandlingsutveckling. Några centrala faktorer som påverkar förändringsarbetet avser grad av motivation, kön, ålder, syn- och förhållningssätt hos personalen, kompetens, utbildning, arbetsvillkor, programkomponenter och behandlingsmiljö. Med utgångspunkt i nationell och internationell utvärderingsforskning framkommer att den svenska kriminalvårdsmodellen inte är mer framgångsrik i jämförelse med internationella kriminalvårdsmodeller. Det framgår ändock att behandling är gynnsamt trots att inte alla effektstudier påvisar några signifikanta skillnader avseende återfall i brott.

  • 80.
    Abdulla, Lana
    Örebro University, School of Medical Sciences.
    Recurrent or non-recurrent tamoxifen treated breast cancer2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 81.
    Abdulla, Suzanne
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences.
    Stråldos och bildkvalitet vid konventionell frontalbild av ländryggen med och utan kompression2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 82.
    Abdullaev, Farakhulla
    et al.
    Centro de Física Teórica e Computacional, Faculdade de Ciências, Universidade de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal.
    Konotop, V. V.
    Centro de Física Teórica e Computacional, Faculdade de Ciências, Universidade de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal.
    Ögren, Magnus
    Department of Mathematics, Technical University of Denmark, Kongens Lyngby, Denmark.
    Sørensen, M. P.
    Department of Mathematics, Technical University of Denmark, Kongens Lyngby, Denmark.
    Zeno effect and switching of solitons in nonlinear couplers2011In: Optics Letters, ISSN 0146-9592, E-ISSN 1539-4794, Vol. 36, no 23, p. 4566-4568Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Zeno effect is investigated for soliton type pulses in a nonlinear directional coupler with dissipation. The effect consists in increase of the coupler transparency with increase of the dissipative losses in one of the arms. It is shown that localized dissipation can lead to switching of solitons between the arms. Power losses accompanying the switching can be fully compensated by using a combination of dissipative and active (in particular, parity-time-symmetric) segments.

  • 83.
    Abdullaev, Fatkhulla
    et al.
    Physical-Technical Institute, Uzbek Academy of Sciences, Tashkent, Uzbekistan; Instituto de Fisica Teorica, Universidade Estadual Paulista Júlio de Mesquita Filho, São Paulo, Brazil.
    Ögren, Magnus
    Department of Applied Mathematics and Computer Science, Technical University of Denmark, Kongens Lyngby, Denmark.
    Sørensen, M. P.
    Department of Applied Mathematics and Computer Science, Technical University of Denmark, Kongens Lyngby, Denmark.
    Faraday waves in quasi-one-dimensional superfluid Fermi-Bose mixtures2013In: Physical Review A. Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics, ISSN 1050-2947, E-ISSN 1094-1622, Vol. 87, no 2, article id 023616Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The generation of Faraday waves in superfluid Fermi-Bose mixtures in elongated traps is investigated. The generation of waves is achieved by periodically changing a parameter of the system in time. Two types of modulations of parameters are considered: a variation of the fermion-boson scattering length and the boson-boson scattering length. We predict the properties of the generated Faraday patterns and study the parameter regions where they can be excited.

  • 84.
    Abdullaev, Fatkhulla
    et al.
    Physical-Technical Institute, Uzbek Academy of Sciences, Tashkent, Uzbekistan; CNH, Universidade Federal do ABC, Santo André, Brazil.
    Ögren, Magnus
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology. Nano Science Center, Department of Chemistry, University of Copenhagen, København, Denmark.
    Sørensen, Mads-Peter
    Department of Applied Mathematics and Computer Science, Technical University of Denmark, Kongens Lyngby, Denmark.
    Collective dynamics of Fermi-Bose mixtures with an oscillating scattering length2019In: Physical Review A. Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics, ISSN 1050-2947, E-ISSN 1094-1622, Vol. 99, no 3, article id 033614Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Collective oscillations of superfluid mixtures of ultra cold fermionic and bosonic atoms are investigated while varying the fermion-boson scattering length. We study the dynamics with respect to excited center of mass modes and breathing modes in the mixture. Parametric resonances are also analyzed when the scattering length varies periodically in time, by comparing partial differential equation (PDE) models and ordinary differential equation (ODE) models for the dynamics. An application to the recent experiment with fermionic Li-6 and bosonic Li-7 atoms, which approximately have the same masses, is discussed.

  • 85.
    Abdullah, Aram
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Oktay, Samuel
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Översyn av arbetstidsförläggning2013Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In order to keep up with the construction industry development it is important to be competitive. Many building contractors strive short construction times, which some- times can be difficult to achieve. In order to achieve short construction times you have to find clever solutions and a good production technic that ultimately gives a good re- sult. Shorter construction time contributes to lower costs for contractors.

    Something that is rare in today's construction industry is an extended working time this is something untried in Örebro. In the current situation a construction site opens about 07.00 and closes again for the day at 16.00, Monday to Friday. After 16.00 the construc- tion is stopped. This contributes to an inefficient use of the expenses found at a con- struction site. By extending the current working time with a few hours per day, it will hopefully contribute to a more efficiency use of the costs found at a construction site and also that the number of construction days decreases.

    In the current situation construction workers in PEAB se an extended working time negatively. According to PEAB this is because they do not understand their position in a business way within the company. PEAB argue that construction workers "permanent employment" is not a particularly secure employment. They argue that the only way to get a secure job is to PEAB in partnership with their employees can go get new jobs and deliver results together with their workers. The question then is how PEAB will be able to distinguish themselves from all other construction companies and gain a competitive advantage. According to Fredrik Ahl, Project Manager at PEAB, the solution is an ex- tended working time.

    This report aims to examine how a change in the current working time will affect the cost of a construction site. We also examined the reactions that occur among workers and officials when working hours are changing. 

  • 86.
    Abdullah, Muhammad
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Mobile Robot Navigation using potential fields andmarket based optimization2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A team of mobile robots moving in a shared area raises the problem of safe and autonomous navigation. While avoiding static and dynamic obstacles, mobile robots in a team can lead to complicated and irregular movements. Local reactive approaches are used to deal with situations where robots are moving in dynamic environment; these approaches help in safe navigation of robots but do not give optimal solution. In this work a 2-D navigation strategy is implemented, where a potential field method is used for obstacle avoidance. This potential field method is improved using fuzzy rules, traffic rules and market based optimization (MBO). Fuzzy rules are used to deform repulsive potential fields in the vicinity of obstacles. Traffic rules are used to deal situations where two robots are crossing each other. Market based optimization (MBO) is used to strengthen or weaken repulsive potential fields generated by other robots based on their importance. For the verification of this strategy on more realistic vehicles this navigation strategy is implemented and tested in simulation. Issues while implementing this method and limitations of this navigation strategy are also discussed. Extensive experiments are performed to examine the validity of MBO navigation strategy over traditional potential field (PF) method.

  • 87.
    Abdullahi, Amina
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Förlossningsrädsla och skillnader i nedstämdhet, ångest, sömn och livstillfredsställelse2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 88.
    Abdullahi Ossoble, Rage
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Use of and patient satisfaction with removable partial dentures and the impact on oral health related quality of life; a cross-sectional survey study2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Removable partial dentures (PRD) are among the treatment options available for partially edentulous patients. The usage of RPD and patient satisfaction with the prosthesis relates to Oral health related quality of life (OHRQoL).

    Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the use of RPDs, satisfaction with the prostheses as well as OHRQoL in patients provided with a RPD in general practice. A further aim was to identify possible factors related to RPD usage, patient satisfaction and OHRQoL.

    Material and method: A cross-sectional survey study, utilizing a questionnaire regarding patient satisfaction with different aspects of the participants RPD, the Swedish version of OHIP-14 questionnaire and the usage of the prosthesis.

    Results: A majority of respondents, (83.6%) reported that they used their prosthesis daily or often. The overall satisfaction rate among respondents was 83.0% with 39.3% stating that they were highly satisfied with the prosthesis and the mean OHIP- 14 score was 8.5, SD 10.2. The chewing ability was reported to be improved by 58.9% but impairment in chewing was reported by 26.8%. Pain from supporting teeth and soft tissue, sociodemographic factors and dissatisfaction with pre-treatment information and personal treatment were associated with not using the RPD.

    Conclusions: In the present study, treatment with RPD was in most patients associated with improvement in chewing and appearance. Insufficient pretreatment information, perception of treatment and pain from supporting tissue was associated with reduced use of and satisfaction with the RPD.

  • 89.
    Abdullayeva, Lamiya
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Klemedtsson, Ebba
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Hur pedagoger arbetar med emergent literacy i förskolan2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie undersöker vi hur pedagoger arbetar för att väcka barns intresse för emergent literacy på en förskola och hur de tar till vara på barnens egna emergent literacyuttryck. Syftet med studien är att få en fördjupande kunskap i hur pedagogerna praktiskt arbetar med emergent literacy i förskolan. Metoden för studien är kvalitativ genom deltagande observation och samtalsintervju med pedagoger. Studiens empiri består av mikroetnografiska observationer och samtalsintervjuer under två dagar på en storbarnsavdelning med barn i åldrarna 3-6 år. Resultatet har kategoriserats utifrån barnens och pedagogers olika aktiviteter. Vid flertalet tillfällen var det barnen som initierade aktiviteter men pedagogerna uppmuntrade på olika sätt både genom fysisk närvaro, tillåtande av aktivitet och genom skapande av en literacykultur på avdelningen.

  • 90.
    Abdulrahim, Samara
    et al.
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Kajsdottir, Lilja
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Redovisning av intressentgrupper i hållbarhetsrapporter: En jämförelse av hållbarhetsrapporter mellan företag med låg respektive hög andel kvinnor i styrelsen2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 91.
    AbdulWahab, Atqah
    et al.
    Department of Pediatrics, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar; Weill Cornell Medicine‑Qatar, Doha, Qatar.
    Zahraldin, Khalid
    Department of Pediatrics, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar.
    Ahmed, Mazen Sid
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology. Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology, Microbiology Division, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar.
    Abu Jarir, Sulieman
    Departments of Internal Medicine, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar.
    Muneer, Mohammed
    Plastic Surgery, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar.
    Mohamed, Shehab F.
    Departments of Internal Medicine, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar.
    Hamid, Jemal M.
    Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology, Microbiology Division, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar.
    Hassan, Abubaker A. I.
    Departments of Internal Medicine, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar.
    Ibrahim, Emad Bashir
    Weill Cornell Medicine‑Qatar, Doha, Qatar; Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology, Microbiology Division, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar.
    The emergence of multidrug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa in cystic fibrosis patients on inhaled antibiotics2017In: Lung India, ISSN 0970-2113, E-ISSN 0974-598X, Vol. 34, no 6, p. 527-531Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Multidrug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa (MDR-PA) is an important and growing issue in the care of patients with cystic fibrosis (CF), and a major cause of morbidity and mortality.

    Objective: The objective of the study was to describe the frequency of MDR-PA recovered from the lower respiratory samples of pediatric and adult CF patients, and its antibiotic resistance pattern to commonly used antimicrobial agents including beta-lactams, aminoglycosides, and fluoroquinolones.

    Materials and Methods: The lower respiratory isolates of P. aeruginosa were obtained from inpatients and outpatients CF clinics from a tertiary care teaching hospital for the period from October 2014 to September 2015. The identification and antimicrobial susceptibility for all the isolates were performed by using the BD Phoenix (TM) and E-test in compliance with Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) guidelines.

    Results: A total of 61 P. aeruginosa samples were isolated from thirty CF patients from twenty families. Twelve sputum samples were positive for MDR-PA (seven nonmucoid and five mucoid isolates) from five CF patients (five families) with moderate-to-very severe lung disease given MDR-PA frequency of 19.7%. The median age of the study group was 20 (range 10-30) years. Three CF patients were on chronic inhaled tobramycin and two on nebulized colistin. The antimicrobial patterns of isolates MDR-PA showed the highest rate of resistance toward each gentamycin, amikacin, and cefepime (100%), followed by 91.7% to ciprofloxacin, 75% to tobramycin, 58.3% to meropenem, and 50% to piperacillin-tazobactam. None of the isolates were resistant to colistin during the study period.

    Conclusion: The study results emphasize that the emergence of a significant problem in the clinical isolates of P. aeruginosa in CF patients that dictate appropriate attention to the antibiotic management after proper surveillance.

  • 92.
    Abdulwahid, Mohammad
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Olsson, Mattias
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    The Association of Physical Activity and DepressiveSymptoms, and the Role of Emotion Regulation2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Given increases in depressive symptoms among Swedish adolescents, we investigated theassociation between physical activity and depressive symptoms, and the role of emotionalregulation plays in these associations. In a longitudinal study, the sample was gathered fromthree mid-sized cities in Sweden. The participants were adolescents aged 13 to 19 years with atotal sample size of 2973 participants. Our research questions were: Is physical activityrelated to depressive symptoms? What is the direction of this association? Does emotiondysregulation mediate the association between physical activity and depressive symptoms?We analyzed the data using hierarchical regressions, testing indirect effects. The resultsshowed that there was an association between emotion dysregulation and depressivesymptoms. However, there was no association between physical activity and depressivesymptoms nor a mediating effect in either direction.

  • 93.
    Abdurahman, Samir
    et al.
    Division of Clinical Microbiology, Department of Laboratory Medicine F68, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Barqasho, Babilonia
    Department of Medicine, Karolinska University Hospital, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Nowak, Piotr
    Department of Medicine, Karolinska University Hospital, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Cuong, Do Duy
    Infectious Diseases Department, Bach Mai Hospital, Hanoi, Viet Nam .
    Amogné, Wondwossen
    Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University, Addis Abeba, Ethiopia .
    Larsson, Mattias
    Division of Global Health (IHCAR), Department of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; Oxford University Clinical Research Unit (OUCRU), Hanoi, Viet Nam .
    Lindquist, Lars
    Department of Medicine, Karolinska University Hospital, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden .
    Marrone, Gaetano
    Division of Global Health (IHCAR), Department of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden .
    Sönnerborg, Anders
    Division of Clinical Microbiology, Department of Laboratory Medicine F68, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Medicine, Karolinska University Hospital, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Pattern of microbial translocation in patients living with HIV-1 from Vietnam, Ethiopia and Sweden2014In: Journal of the International AIDS Society, ISSN 1758-2652, E-ISSN 1758-2652, Vol. 17, p. 18841-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    INTRODUCTION: The role of microbial translocation (MT) in HIV patients living with HIV from low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) is not fully known. The aim of this study is to investigate and compare the patterns of MT in patients from Vietnam, Ethiopia and Sweden.

    METHODS: Cross-sectional samples were obtained from treatment-naïve patients living with HIV-1 and healthy controls from Vietnam (n=83; n=46), Ethiopia (n=9492; n=50) and Sweden (n=51; n=19). Longitudinal samples were obtained from a subset of the Vietnamese (n=24) in whom antiretroviral therapy (ART) and tuberculostatics were given. Plasma lipopolysaccharide (LPS), sCD14 and anti-flagellin IgG were determined by the endpoint chromogenic Limulus Amebocyte Assay and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.

    RESULTS: All three biomarkers were significantly increased in patients living with HIV-1 from all countries as compared to controls. No differences were found between males and females. Vietnamese and Ethiopian patients had significantly higher levels of anti-flagellin IgG and LPS, as compared to Swedes. ART reduced these levels for the Vietnamese. Vietnamese patients given tuberculostatics at initiation of ART had significantly lower levels of anti-flagellin IgG and higher sCD14. The biomarkers were lower in Vietnamese who did not develop opportunistic infection.

    CONCLUSIONS: Higher MT is common in patients living with HIV compared to healthy individuals, and in patients from LMICs compared to patients from a high-income country. Treatment with tuberculostatics decreased MT while higher levels of MT are associated with a poorer clinical outcome.

  • 94.
    Abdurahman, Samir
    et al.
    Division of Clinical Microbiology, Karolinska Institutet, F68 Karolinska University Hospital Huddinge, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Végvári, Akos
    Department of Electrical Measurements, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Levi, Michael
    Tripep AB, Huddinge, Sweden.
    Höglund, Stefan
    Department of Biochemistry, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden .
    Högberg, Marita
    Chemilia AB, Huddinge, Sweden.
    Tong, Weimin
    Chemilia AB, Huddinge, Sweden.
    Romero, Ivan
    Chemilia AB, Huddinge, Sweden.
    Balzarini, Jan
    Rega Institute for Medical Research, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.
    Vahlne, Anders
    Division of Clinical Microbiology, Karolinska Institutet, F68 Karolinska University Hospital Huddinge, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Isolation and characterization of a small antiretroviral molecule affecting HIV-1 capsid morphology2009In: Retrovirology, ISSN 1742-4690, E-ISSN 1742-4690, Vol. 6, p. 34-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Formation of an HIV-1 particle with a conical core structure is a prerequisite for the subsequent infectivity of the virus particle. We have previously described that glycineamide (G-NH2) when added to the culture medium of infected cells induces non-infectious HIV-1 particles with aberrant core structures.

    RESULTS: Here we demonstrate that it is not G-NH2 itself but a metabolite thereof that displays antiviral activity. We show that conversion of G-NH2 to its antiviral metabolite is catalyzed by an enzyme present in bovine and porcine but surprisingly not in human serum. Structure determination by NMR suggested that the active G-NH2 metabolite was alpha-hydroxy-glycineamide (alpha-HGA). Chemically synthesized alpha-HGA inhibited HIV-1 replication to the same degree as G-NH2, unlike a number of other synthesized analogues of G-NH2 which had no effect on HIV-1 replication. Comparisons by capillary electrophoresis and HPLC of the metabolite with the chemically synthesized alpha-HGA further confirmed that the antiviral G-NH2-metabolite indeed was alpha-HGA.

    CONCLUSION: alpha-HGA has an unusually simple structure and a novel mechanism of antiviral action. Thus, alpha-HGA could be a lead for new antiviral substances belonging to a new class of anti-HIV drugs, i.e. capsid assembly inhibitors.

  • 95.
    Abdurahman, Samir
    et al.
    Division of Clinical Microbiology, Karolinska Institutet, F68 Karolinska University Hospital Huddinge, Stockholm, Sweden .
    Végvári, Akos
    Clinical Protein Science, Department of Electrical Measurements, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Youssefi, Masoud
    Division of Clinical Microbiology, Karolinska Institutet, F68 Karolinska University Hospital Huddinge, Stockholm, Sweden .
    Levi, Michael
    Tripep AB, Huddinge, Sweden .
    Höglund, Stefan
    Department of Biochemistry, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden .
    Andersson, Elin
    Department of Clinical Virology, University of Göteborg, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Horal, Peter
    Department of Clinical Virology, University of Göteborg, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Svennerholm, Bo
    Department of Clinical Virology, University of Göteborg, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Balzarini, Jan
    Institute for Medical Research, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.
    Vahlne, Anders
    Division of Clinical Microbiology, Karolinska Institutet, F68 Karolinska University Hospital Huddinge, Stockholm, Sweden .
    Activity of the small modified amino acid alpha-hydroxy glycineamide on in vitro and in vivo human immunodeficiency virus type 1 capsid assembly and infectivity2008In: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, ISSN 0066-4804, E-ISSN 1098-6596, Vol. 52, no 10, p. 3737-3744Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Upon maturation of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) virion, proteolytic cleavage of the Gag precursor protein by the viral protease is followed by morphological changes of the capsid protein p24, which will ultimately transform the virus core from an immature spherical to a mature conical structure. Virion infectivity is critically dependent on the optimal semistability of the capsid cone structure. We have reported earlier that glycineamide (G-NH(2)), when added to the culture medium of infected cells, inhibits HIV-1 replication and that HIV-1 particles with aberrant core structures were formed. Here we show that it is not G-NH(2) itself but a metabolite thereof, alpha-hydroxy-glycineamide (alpha-HGA), that is responsible for the antiviral activity. We show that alpha-HGA inhibits the replication of clinical HIV-1 isolates with acquired resistance to reverse transcriptase and protease inhibitors but has no effect on the replication of any of 10 different RNA and DNA viruses. alpha-HGA affected the ability of the HIV-1 capsid protein to assemble into tubular or core structures in vitro and in vivo, probably by binding to the hinge region between the N- and C-terminal domains of the HIV-1 capsid protein as indicated by matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-mass spectrometry results. As an antiviral compound, alpha-HGA has an unusually simple structure, a pronounced antiviral specificity, and a novel mechanism of antiviral action. As such, it might prove to be a lead compound for a new class of anti-HIV substances.

  • 96.
    Abedi, Mohammad R.
    et al.
    Örebro University Hospital. Department of Laboratory Medicine, Section for Transfusion Medicine.
    Doverud, Ann-Charlotte
    Department of Laboratory Medicine, Section for Transfusion Medicine, Örebro University Hospital. Örebro, Sweden.
    Preparation and Pathogen Inactivation of Double Dose Buffy Coat Platelet Products using the INTERCEPT Blood System2012In: Journal of Visualized Experiments, ISSN 1940-087X, E-ISSN 1940-087X, no 70, article id UNSP e4414Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Blood centers are faced with many challenges including maximizing production yield from the blood product donations they receive as well as ensuring the highest possible level of safety for transfusion patients, including protection from transfusion transmitted diseases. This must be accomplished in a fiscally responsible manner which minimizes operating expenses including consumables, equipment, waste, and personnel costs, among others.

    Several methods are available to produce platelet concentrates for transfusion. One of the most common is the buffy coat method in which a single therapeutic platelet unit (>= 2.0 x10(11) platelets per unit or per local regulations) is prepared by pooling the buffy coat layer from up to six whole blood donations. A procedure for producing "double dose" whole blood derived platelets has only recently been developed.

    Presented here is a novel method for preparing double dose whole blood derived platelet concentrates from pools of 7 buffy coats and subsequently treating the double dose units with the INTERCEPT Blood System for pathogen inactivation. INTERCEPT was developed to inactivate viruses, bacteria, parasites, and contaminating donor white cells which may be present in donated blood. Pairing INTERCEPT with the double dose buffy coat method by utilizing the INTERCEPT Processing Set with Dual Storage Containers (the "DS set"), allows blood centers to treat each of their double dose units in a single pathogen inactivation processing set, thereby maximizing patient safety while minimizing costs. The double dose buffy coat method requires fewer buffy coats and reduces the use of consumables by up to 50% (e.g. pooling sets, filter sets, platelet additive solution, and sterile connection wafers) compared to preparation and treatment of single dose buffy coat platelet units. Other cost savings include less waste, less equipment maintenance, lower power requirements, reduced personnel time, and lower collection cost compared to the apheresis technique.

  • 97.
    ABEDIAN SANANDAJI, FOAD
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Brottsprevention och tygghetsarbete i stadsplaneringen.: En fallstudie om trygghet och trivsel i Brickebacken.2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 98.
    Abedian Sanandaji, Foad
    Örebro University, Swedish Business School at Örebro University.
    Imageskapande och marknadsföringskommunikation: En deskriptiv studie om Örebro Bostäders arbete i Vivalla och Markbacken2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The conclusion made after finishing this essay is that Örebro Bostäder AB desires to communicate an image of Vivalla as an area with a unique and personal environment with small individual neighborhoods where there is something for everyone. In Markbacken Öbo wants to retain and reinforce the image of variety, where everything from children's families is attracted to those looking for a little more exclusive accommodations. Further investigation has shown that these desirable images mainly are communicated through mouth to mouth method,media, community activities and events.

  • 99.
    Abelson, Elin
    Örebro University, Swedish Business School at Örebro University.
    Getting through the Glass Ceiling: A minor field study of obstacles for businesswomen pursuing a career in Thailand2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 100.
    Abelson, Per
    Örebro University, School of Music, Theatre and Art.
    Dom vill ju spela så då spelar vi!: En belysande studie av faktorer som påverkar läraren vid planeringen av unervisningen i estetisk verksamhet2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med den här undersökningen är att belysa faktorer som påverkar läraren när den planerar sin undervisning i kursen Estetisk verksamhet med inriktning musik. Av särskilt intresse är vilken påverkan lärarens intressen, utbildning och erfarenhet samt elevernas intressen och färdigheter har. Undersökningen har genomförts genom att fyra stycken verksamma lärare på olika skolor i olika städer intervjuats. Resultatet visar att lärarna till stor del låter eleverna vara med och planera innehållet i kursen och att innehållet mestadels utgörs av praktiskt musicerande. Det som har allra störst påverkan på att kursen utformas åt detta håll är den syn som läraren har på eleven och på ämnet samt elevernas färdigheter och intressen. Resultatet överrensstämmer därmed med tidigare forskning.

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