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  • 51. Fröding, Karin
    et al.
    Elander, Ingemar
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Eriksson, Charli
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences.
    Vem deltar i områdesutveckling?2010In: Partnerskap för hållbar välfärdsutveckling: utveckling och forskning under sex år i fyra städer / [ed] Charli Eriksson, Eva Järliden, Annika Larsson, Solveig Sandberg, Örebro: Örebro universitet , 2010, p. 189-198Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 52. Fröding, Karin
    et al.
    Eriksson, Charli
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Elander, Ingemar
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Delaktighet för utvecklingen av en hälsosam stadsdel: metodutveckling och forskning2012In: Folkhälsostämman 2012: folkhälsa för en hållbar framtid, Östersund: Statens folkhälsoinstitut , 2012, p. 80-80Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 53.
    Fröding, Karin
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences.
    Eriksson, Charli
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences.
    Elander, Ingemar
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Partnership for healthy neighbourhoods: city networking in multilevel context2008In: European Urban and Regional Studies, ISSN 0969-7764, E-ISSN 1461-7145, Vol. 15, no 4, p. 317-331Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Social polarization in the urban landscape means that there are a lot of neighbourhoods with a concentration of residents suffering from high crime rates, a loss of feeling of safety, ethnic conflicts and general decay. Local and national governments respond to these challenges by adopting urban development programmes with a pronounced area-based orientation. Inspired by the global Healthy Cities Programme, some of these initiatives have an explicit health-related focus. This article analyses the possibilities and obstacles for an initiatrive of this kind undertaken by four Swedish cities under the label Partnership for Sustainable Welfare Development. Sustainable development, healthy cities, neighbourhood and parnership are concepts rhetorically underpinning the policy intervention under study. After a brief, critical survey of these concepts the article presents the empirical study undertaken on the basis of interviews, documents and participatory observation. Finally the results of this study are summarized and related to some of the literature in this field. It is found that the role of the partnership as a node for mutual learning and understanding is held in high esteem by the partnership participants. Other qualities given high priority by them are the need for comprehensive, long-term planning and residents´ participation and influence. However, from a more distanced point of view it is also obvious that the approach has its limitations due to the fact that even successful interventions cannot affect the fundamental causes of urban social polarization as these causes relate to general economic cleavages in society.

  • 54.
    Fröding, Karin
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences.
    Geidne, J.
    School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro university, Örebro, Sweden.
    Elander, Ingemar
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Eriksson, Charli
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences.
    Partnership for sustainable welfare development in four Swedish cities 2003-20092011In: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 21, no suppl 1, p. 17-18Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 55.
    Fröding, Karin
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Geidne, Jonny
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Elander, Ingemar
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Eriksson, Charli
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Towards Sustainable Structures for Neighbourhood Development?: Healthy City Research in four Swedish Cities 2003 – 2009.2013In: Journal of Health Organisation & Management, ISSN 1477-7266, E-ISSN 1758-7247, Vol. 27, no 2, p. 225-245Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 56.
    Fröding, Karin
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Geidne, Jonny
    School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
    Elander, Ingemar
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Eriksson, Charli
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Towards sustainable structures for neighbourhood development?: Healthy city research in four Swedish municipalities 2003‐20092013In: Journal of Health Organisation & Management, ISSN 1477-7266, E-ISSN 1758-7247, Vol. 27, no 2, p. 225-245Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    PURPOSE: A vehicle to reduce health inequalities and improve public health has been provided by programmes at a neighbourhood level. The purpose of this paper is to analyse the development processes in four municipalities for achieving sustainable structures in area-based development programmes during and after a formal partnership period.

    DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: A case-study database was compiled based on the strategic and local work of four municipalities and four municipal housing companies who cooperated in the Partnership for Sustainable Welfare Development 2003-2009. The case-study database includes nine in-depth studies with interviews (n = 68), participant observations (n = 125), a survey (n = 1,160), and documents. The data are analysed using three theoretical concepts: political support, alliances, and citizen participation.

    FINDINGS: Political support, alliances, and citizen participation are important building blocks in neighbourhood development work. However, when the partnership ended there was little left that could function as a sustainable structure. Political support seems to be a means to reach the target, including ensuring a consistent approach and allocation of resources. However, the support must continue also after the intervention period, when the formal partnership collaboration ends, otherwise the established structure will soon decompose. Citizen participation is another precondition for a sustainable structure able to continue despite reduced municipal support. Alliances have the best chance of forming sustainable structures when they involve both the strategic and the operational level.

    ORIGINALITY/VALUE: Even though many evaluations have been conducted to capture the process of interventions, little attention has been given to the challenges facing the outcomes of the intervention when it comes to making permanent the activities for reducing health inequalities. This paper is an attempt to deal with these challenges.

  • 57.
    Fröding, Karin
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences.
    Geidne, Jonny
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences.
    Elander, Ingemar
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Eriksson, Charli
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences.
    Towards sustainable structures for neighbourhood development?: Healthy city research in four Swedish municipalities 2003 – 20092010Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 58.
    Granberg, Mikael
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Elander, Ingemar
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Local governance and climate change: reflections on the Swedish experience2007In: Local Environment: the International Journal of Justice and Sustainability, ISSN 1354-9839, E-ISSN 1469-6711, Vol. 12, no 5, p. 537-548Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The focus of this article is the Swedish experience of local governance and climate change, including mitigation and adaptation. The municipal response to these two challenges is set within a broader policy context that acknowledges Sweden as a pioneer in environmental governance, including its comparatively high ambitions with regard to the reduction of greenhouse ga emissions. Central–local relations in climate policy are analysed, and climate change mitigation and adaptation are exemplified by some snapshots of municipal initiatives, including the popular habit of networking between municipalities within as well as across national borders. In conclusion we briefly evaluate the Swedish local governance experience of climate change mitigation and adaptation to date as characterized by radical rhetoric and ambitious goals combined with a lot of promising initiatives, although still with fairly modest results in terms of tangible outcomes. Finally, we reflect upon what we consider to be the most important questions for future research on local governance and climate change.

  • 59.
    Gustavsson, Eva
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Elander, Ingemar
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Behaving Clean without Having to Think Green?: Local Eco-Technological and Dialouge-Based, Low-Carbon Projects in Sweden2017In: The Journal of urban technology, ISSN 1063-0732, E-ISSN 1466-1853, Vol. 24, no 1, p. 93-116Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Two kinds of local low-carbon initiatives are the focus in this paper: those initiated under the umbrella of a central government program, and those initiated from below by individuals and municipalities in Sweden. The project studied in the first category was focused on eco-technological innovations undertaken by a municipal housing company. The case in the second category was a dialogue-based program with selected citizens willing to test a climate-friendly lifestyle. The latter approach faced strong barriers when going from words to deeds, lacking the large-scale favors of massive eco-technological investments. Highlighting one particular project in each category, we illustrate the potentials and barriers of each approach. it is concluded that policymakers have to find ways to combine the two, otherwise there is a risk that low-carbon committed individuals will become disillusioned or that eco-technological gains will be spoiled by "rebound consumption".

  • 60.
    Gustavsson, Eva
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Elander, Ingemar
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Cocky and climate smart?: Climate change mitigation and place-branding in three Swedish towns2012In: Local Environment: the International Journal of Justice and Sustainability, ISSN 1354-9839, E-ISSN 1469-6711, Vol. 17, no 8, p. 769-782Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sustainable development has emerged as a distinctive marker of place identity in addition to traditional markers such as buildings and spectacles. Climate change mitigation as a potential place brand, indicating sustainable development, is in focus of this article, comparing such efforts in three Swedish towns. Based on documentary studies and interviews, it demonstrates how one town has been successful in branding itself as “the Greenest City in Europe”, whereas mitigation efforts in two other towns are barely known outside the town halls. In the first case, a combination of material, symbolic, and institutional components has been decisive in establishing a brand with internal and external legitimacy. This case highlights the importance of a dedicated network of influential actors and a potent governance structure visualising the will of a town to make its climate mitigation efforts known. Despite similar material conditions, the two others come short on the symbolic and the institutional dimensions, although they may still have a potential for future success in terms of mitigation both in practice and as a marker of identity.

  • 61.
    Gustavsson, Eva
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Elander, Ingemar
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Greenest of them all?: climate change mitigation and place branding in three Swedish towns2015In: Place and identity: a new landscape of social and political change in Sweden / [ed] Marco Eimermann & Anders Trumberg, Stockholm: Santérus Academic Press Sweden, 2015, p. 76-96Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 62.
    Gustavsson, Eva
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Elander, Ingemar
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Households as role models for sustainable consumption: the case of local climate dialogues in two Swedish towns2013In: Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, ISSN 0964-0568, E-ISSN 1360-0559, Vol. 56, no 2, p. 194-210Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The research problem addressed concerns the interplay between households as consumers, and local governments as policy makers and service providers. Mainly based on interviews with selected households, the paper explores the activities, results and potential long-term gains of a climate dialogue project undertaken in two Swedish towns. The findings are interpreted in terms of Spaargaren and Oosterveer's ideal types of the consumer as ecological citizen, political consumer and moral agent. The main finding is that although the immediate gains in terms of GHG reduction are small, such projects may function as triggers of future change towards more sustainable policies and everyday practices.

  • 63.
    Gustavsson, Eva
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Elander, Ingemar
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Killing three birds with one stone?: Participatory planning and the challenge of multi-dimensional sustainability2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 64.
    Gustavsson, Eva
    et al.
    Örebro University.
    Elander, Ingemar
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Local and Regional Climate Change Mitigation in the Financial Crisis: Burden or Opportunity?2009In: The 15th ISDR Conference 2009 in Utrecht, 2009Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract to the track Responding to the Financial Crisis: Opportunities for Ecological Transition from/within a Colapsed Economy

    There is a growing awareness in cities, regions and nations all over the world of an ongoing global warming and its effects. The industrialized world has undertaken the task to lower the green house gas emissions, and even stronger commitments to that goal may be taken in future agreements. Opponents argue that this implies restrictions that threaten economic development; others argue that climate change mitigation can be looked upon as an opportunity to enhance national and regional economic development and the creation of new jobs. In times of economic decline, innovations in climate friendly technology are sometimes put forward by national and local governments as an appropriate cure. This follows the line of argumentation found in the ecological modernization discourse. To make it short - economic growth and the creation of new jobs is a challenge that has become top priority for cities and regions in the current state of economic crisis. How does this combine with high ambitions in combating climate change? Is it possible to make a win-win solution out of these challenges? Based on two Swedish case studies, we identify two different, locally based solutions to this challenge. In both cases networking on different scales and across sectors is part of the strategy. In one of the cases the city is very active in using a number of multi-scalar networks as platforms both for advertising climate friendly production and boosting itself as a forerunner in climate mitigation. Although not really boosting its ambition to contribute to climate change mitigation the other city is also involved in networking, particularly at the regional level. The case studies show that different geographies, different historical paths of development, and the presence of key actors together determine the way climate mitigation and climate friendly production are combined with growth strategies in the two cities. In what way the current financial crisis will affect the fairly ambitious climate mitigation policies of the two cities is too early to say, but will be hypothetically discussed in the concluding part of the paper.

  • 65.
    Gustavsson, Eva
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Elander, Ingemar
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    ‘My Green Neighbourhood’: potentials and limits of a redevelopment initiative in a stigmatized housing estate2012Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In the shadow of the debate on the role of global, national and local government levels in environmental governance the potentials and willingness of households/individuals to change their attitudes and behaviour towards sustainable consumption and life styles are issues increasingly raised in policy and research, as illustrated by concepts like “ecological citizen”, “political consumer” and “moral agent”. The empirical focus of this paper will be upon an attempt by a municipal housing company to approach the residents of a stigmatized, multi-family estate with a redevelopment scheme expressing a will to combine social and ecological qualities under the brand “My Green Neighbourhood”. Considering the area´s multi-ethnical, socially vulnerable, and “stigmatized” character, the company wants to increase residents´ participation, and identification with the area, and at the same time changing their behaviour by constructing energy saving and other “green” technical solutions.  Drawing upon data describing the aim and scope of the redevelopment scheme as presented by the company, the dialogue activities planned, and partly implemented, and the residents´ reactions so far our analysis will be related to similar research done by ourselves and others, and interpreted in the framework of current theoretical debates on the potentials and limits of deliberative environmentalism. Can projects like this inspire residents to make them “behaving clean”, maybe even without “thinking green”, and at the same time strengthen their positive identification with the neighbourhood? What are the potentials and limits of deliberative top-down interventions of this kind?  Do they contribute to accountable, just and legitimate earth governance?

  • 66.
    Gustavsson, Eva
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Elander, Ingemar
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    "My Green Neighbourhood": sustainability potential of a redevelopment initiative in a stigmatized housing estate2013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Summary

    One million homes were built in Sweden during the period 1965-1974, mostly financed by state housing loans and made available for renting. Large-scale rented housing then became commonplace, mostly built on virgin land on the outskirts of cities and towns. Although most of these 850,000 apartments are considered decently maintained, some 300,000 are still in need of refurbishment, especially with regard to bathrooms, kitchens, insulation and ventilation. This is a great opportunity for technological innovations, potentially contributing to energy-saving and climate mitigation on a broad scale. However, many of these estates have also been associated with social problems like spatial segregation and social exclusion. Under the label “suburb” [förort], these estates have become stigmatized, triggered by massive critique from journalists, writers, politicians, architects and even researchers.

    The empirical focus of this report is on an attempt by a municipal housing company to approach the residents of a multi-family housing estate with a redevelopment scheme expressing a will to combine social and ecological qualities under the brand “My Green Neighbourhood”. The company wants to change their everyday behaviour by constructing energy-saving technical solutions, increase residents’ participation and social inclusion and redress the identity of the area in the eyes of residents, visitors and outside spectators. Drawing upon data describing the aim and scope of the redevelopment scheme, the dialogue activities undertaken during the planning phase, and residents’ reactions, the analysis relates to current debates on the potentials and limits of citizen participation in urban renewal in terms of the sustainability discourse.

    Although the study only covers the planning process until the end of 2011 when the housing company took its final decision, conclusions also consider the potential of future implementations. Whereas prospects of success with regard to energy-saving investments are bright, other results are more open to question. Thus, whether technological innovations will also inspire households to lead a more climate-friendly life in general must also take other things than housing into consideration, in particular their life situations and lifestyles in a broad sense. Thus, residents’ willingness to participate in planning and politics, and their social inclusion in society at large are matters not only related to housing. Depending on the capacity and willingness of residents to pay and stay it is unclear how many of the present inhabitants will stay or leave for other households to move in.

    There is little doubt regarding the housing company’s commitment in terms of professional and long-term financial responsibility. In addition, the company’s social ambitions do not only include a willingness to engage residents in planning and caring for their apartments and the outdoor environment. The housing company also cooperates with the main contractor with a view to employing more than 50 until now unemployed residents in the building process.

    Finally, at the time of writing, it seems that My Green Neighbourhood should not be disregarded as just one more number in a never-ending parade of temporary projects. Its brand of social, economic and technological innovations have multi-dimensional sustainability potential that may even contribute to a decent make-over and a positive branding of a large, previously stigmatized multi-family city district.

  • 67.
    Gustavsson, Eva
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Elander, Ingemar
    Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
    Social hållbarhet i stadsutveckling?: Uppföljning av tio projekt i svenska städer2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Boverket med flera myndigheter och organisationer har på senare tid starkt argumenterat för ökad satsning på åtgärder i syfte att stärka den sociala dimensionen av hållbar stadsutveckling. Delegationen för hållbara städer (DHS) ger under perioden 2009 - 2014 ekonomiskt stöd till 98 projekt som ska främja hållbar stadsutveckling. Rapporten redovisar ett uppdrag från Boverket att ”följa upp sociala effekter” i 7 investerings- och 3 planeringsprojekt. I studien undersöks hur man i dessa projekt närmat sig frågan om social hållbarhet.

    Föreställningen om ”social hållbarhet” är en vision och ett övergripande värde som kan preciseras i olika riktningar och med olika fokus, något som tydligt framgår av de tio projekt vi studerat. Social hållbarhet framstår här sammantaget som en positivt laddad etikett som klistras på ett brett spektrum av åtgärder. Med hjälp av en teoretiskt förankrad, men pragmatiskt konstruerad tankeram har vi stegvis närmat oss de aspekter projekten själva explicit förknippat med eller implicit verkar se som uttryck för social håll-barhet. Strategin finns beskriven i en tidigare rapport till Boverket (Gustavsson & Elan-der 2013b). Den rapporten utmynnar i en ”hållbarhetspyramid” med åtföljande frågor och förklarande resonemang som i urval har använts i den aktuella uppföljningen.

    Eftersom projekten avslutas först i och med utgången av 2014 är det inte möjligt att nu dra bestämda slutsatser om effekter och resultat. Dessutom pågår i projektområdena parallella och delvis sammanvävda processer som gör det svårt att urskilja vilket specifikt bidrag som kan härledas till ett visst projekt. Däremot finns ett överflöd av material som ger kunskap om mål, påbörjade och delvis genomförda åtgärder. Källmaterialet är i huvudsak begränsat till projektledningarnas bilder, berättelser och självvärderingar som de framgår av projektrapporter, enkätsvar och samtal på plats. Forskarnas roll har i huvudsak varit att observera och dokumentera vad som sker, men också att i samtal tillföra erfarenheter och reflektioner baserade på annan forskning om sociala perspektiv på stadsutveckling.

    Studien visar att projekten har en potential att efter projekttidens slut införlivas med långsiktig och samordnad planering och verksamhet i en etablerad struktur med kommuner och/eller bostadsföretag, ofta i samverkan med näringsliv och/eller aktörer i det civila samhället. I några projekt finns dock en oro för att de mervärden som utvunnits under projekttiden kan komma att ebba ut, därför att personella resurser som tillförts tack vare projektstödet inte får någon alternativ finansiering. Några garantier för en fortsättning på den verksamhet projekten initierat finns alltså inte.

    En uttalad tanke har varit att projekten ska fungera som ”goda exempel” för kommuner, bostadsföretag och andra relevanta aktörer. Studien visar att projekten genomgående varit bra på att exponera sig via kanaler för information och kommunikation såsom del-tagande i nätverk, hemsidor på internet, studiebesök, utställningar, projekttävlingar etc.

    I rapporten ges exempel på hur projekt gjort insatser för att skapa praktikplatser och jobb, att engagera barn, ungdomar och andra boende för gemenskap i sin stadsdel, att lära vuxna cykla, med flera åtgärder för social inkludering. Flera projekt har satsat på att skapa nya mötesplatser och stråk för cykling, promenader och kollektivtrafik med potential att bidra till integration mellan människor i olika delar av staden. Platsidentitet är ett tema som aktualiserats i flera projekt, där man både inåt och utåt vill skapa en mer positiv bild av tidigare stigmatiserade områden. I några fall har det varit ett sätt för en stadsledning att använda en viss stadsdel som varumärke för hela staden i nationella och internationella sammanhang. Ett genomgående tema har varit åtgärder för att genom olika former av dialog försöka skapa delaktighet och deltagande från boende och medborgare, bland annat genom kreativa komplement till traditionella planprocesser. Sammantaget ger studien bilden av ett myllrande projektliv vars bestående effekter påkallar nya, fördjupade studier om några år.

  • 68.
    Gustavsson, Eva
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Elander, Ingemar
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Social hållbarhet inte bara "sustainababble"?: Från mångtydig vision till analytiskt redskap vid uppföljning av stadsbyggnadsprojekt2013Report (Other academic)
  • 69.
    Gustavsson, Eva
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Elander, Ingemar
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Sustainability potential of a redevelopment initiative in Swedish public housing: The ambiguous role of residents’ participation and place identity2016In: Progress in Planning, ISSN 0305-9006, E-ISSN 1873-4510, Vol. 103, p. 1-25Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    During 1965–1974 one million dwellings were built in Sweden, most of these financed by state housing loans and available for renting. Although most of these 850,000 apartments are considered decently maintained about 300,000 are considered in need of thorough refurbishment. This is a great opportunity for technological innovations, contributing to energy saving and climate mitigation on a broad scale. However, many of these estates have also been associated with spatial segregation, social exclusion and related challenges. The empirical focus of this article is on an attempt by a municipal housing company to approach the residents of a multi-family housing estate with a redevelopment scheme expressing a will to combine social, ecological and economic qualities under the brand ‘‘My Green Neighbourhood’’. Drawing upon data describing the initial phase and the dialogue activities undertaken during the planning phase, and the residents’ reactions the study is conceptually framed by an eclectic approach inspired by the spatial triad of Lefebvre, Relph’s notion of place identity, and Arnstein’s ladder of citizen participation, including references to some related, recent works. Considering a common picture of municipal, multi-family housing in Sweden as a ‘‘success story’’ the case study is of relevance in the wider context of coping with the challenges of sustainable urban development. It is concluded that projects like this have a potential to decrease energy consumption substantially, as well as contributing to long-term financially sound management by housing companies. However, when it comes to social aspects of sustainability the picture becomes more complicated. First, most sitting tenants would have preferred a change in terms of proper maintenance and modest improvements. Second, most of them will not return to their apartments after rehabilitation, partly due to rising rents. Third, the position of the tenants was not very strong, instead planning rather had a tokenist bias. Fourth, the local government’s social mix strategy has to be questioned on theoretical as well as empirical grounds. Despite these and other critical observations, My Green Neighbourhood should not be disregarded as just one more in a never-ending parade of low impact ad hoc projects. Up-scaling the experience of this and similar running projects would represent a substantial contribution to urban sustainable development, at least in terms of energy saving. Finally, to understand the complexities of a redevelopment planning process it is concluded that decisionmakers have to be very observant of the different time perspectives linked to the structural positions and interests of the various stakeholders, for example a building company’s desire to make short time profits through major reconstruction, sitting tenants’ demand for sustainable maintenance and cautious refurbishment, local politicians´ wish to create another social mix in the area, and a public housing company’s attempt to reconcile the views of different actors

  • 70.
    Gustavsson, Eva
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Elander, Ingemar
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Lundmark, Mats
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Klimatpolitikens lokala geografi: exempel från svenska kommuner2009In: Global uppvärmning och lokal politik / [ed] Ylva Uggla, Ingemar Elander, Stockholm: Santérus Förlag, 2009, 1, p. 83-108Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 71.
    Gustavsson, Eva
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Elander, Ingemar
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Lundmark, Mats
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Multilevel governance, networking cities and the geography of climate-change mitigation: two Swedish examples2009In: Environment and Planning. C, Government and Policy, ISSN 0263-774X, E-ISSN 1472-3425, Vol. 27, no 1, p. 59-74Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    What geographical and instiutional conditions are important for initiating and sustaining climate-change mitigation at the local level? Taking this question as a point of departure, we analyze local climate mitigation as a case of multilevel network governance. This is illustrated by the case of two Swedish cities, which are both involved in city networking in favour of climate-change mitigation. Different business structures and other local conditions in significant ways influence both the level of ambition and the climate-policy strategies of the two cities, The sheer size and intensity of the networking activities clearly illustrate the fact that cities are increasingly becoming arenas of globalization, rather than passive victims of global forces, thus confirming the call for a multilevel netork-governance approach in policy and politics as well as in research.

  • 72.
    Kristianssen, Ann-Catrin
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Gustavsson, Eva
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Elander, Ingemar
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Citizen-centred innovations between responsive and inclusive democracy.: Examples from a Swedish city.2015Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Representing all citizens, as well as their needs and interests within its territory, municipalities have a unique role in setting a legitimate policy agenda. In times of economic recession, fiscal austerity becomes a huge challenge for local governments to tackle. This challenge has triggered experiments with new forms of citizen-local government interaction.

    In some of these experiments citizens have been invited to participate in decision-making or implementation, and new forms of “participatory engineering” have become commonplace, including dialogue forums in social media and elsewhere (Zittel & Fuchs 2007). Citizen participation has been loudly praised by decision-making authorities when it comes to area based interventions and broader programs. There is a belief that including citizens will increase efficiency and legitimacy of government as well as social capital among citizens.

    Other experiments are focusing on providing the best possible service with a focus on quality and citizen needs rather than participation or on institutional innovations (Graham, 2009) for alleviating citizen-government interaction.

    The prospects, aims and outcomes of these experiments raise a range of normative, theoretical and empirical questions. In the light of recent literature on social and democratic innovations, the purpose of this paper is to scrutinize two cases of citizen-focused innovations in the mid-size Swedish city of Örebro. The first case is the establishment of a citizen service center where all local government citizen interaction is gathered in one location both physically and virtually. The second is a case of neighborhood renewal, where the municipal housing company plays a vital role, involving residents in the planning process, and offering opportunities of employment. The study contributes to the broader conceptual discussion about citizen-focused innovations and critically discusses the prospects of applying these with regard to citizens with limited resources. To put it brief, are they tools for democracy or rather cases of tokenism?

    References

    Smith, Graham (2009) Democratic Innovations: Designing Institutions for Citizen

    Participation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    Zittel, Thomas and Fuchs, Dieter (2007) Can Participatory Engineering Bring Citizens Back

    In? NewYork: Routledge.

  • 73.
    Larsson, Josefin
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Elander, Ingemar
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Consensus, democracy and the land surveyor in the Swedish cadastral executive procedure2001In: Planning Theory & Practice, ISSN 1464-9357, E-ISSN 1470-000X, Vol. 2, no 3, p. 325-340Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Taking the method of formal consensus as its conceptual point of departure, the article analyses the Swedish cadastral executive procedure ( fastighetsförrättning ) as a case where the issue of land use directly confronts the individual citizen with the state administrative apparatus and its interpretation of the land policy legislation. In the mixture of negotiations, consensual decision-making and court procedure that characterizes this process the emphasis is on the crucial, and complex role of the executive land surveyor. Identifying deliberative democracy and communicative planning theory as two complementary discourses within which to discuss the cadastral executive procedure, the article finally argues that giving consensual approaches to planning a stronger place in their training would substantially improve the ability of the land surveyor to execute her/his delicate set of roles in this procedure.

  • 74.
    Larsson, Katarina
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Humanities.
    Strömberg, Thord
    Örebro University, Department of Humanities.
    Elander, Ingemar
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Vardagsliv och urbana regimer: Från urbana välfärdsregimer till fragmenterad stadspolitik2005In: Staden som livsmiljö - vision och verklighet: Slutrapport från ett forskningsprogram / [ed] Ann-Catrin Andersson, Ingemar Elander, Örebro: Örebro universitet , 2005, p. 5-21Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 75.
    Lidskog, Rolf
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Elander, Ingemar
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Addressing climate change democratically: Multi-level governance, transnational networks and governmental structures2010In: Sustainable Development, ISSN 0968-0802, E-ISSN 1099-1719, Vol. 18, no 1, p. 32-41Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the article is to discuss the democratic implications of climate change and whether or not it is possible to harmonize basic democratic values with the challenges raised by global warming. Highlighting three central democratic mechanisms it is argued that even if participation and deliberation are crucial for addressing the challenge of climate change this must be done within a system of democratic representation. To become both efficient and democratic, climate governance has to include different spheres and levels of authority. As there is no blueprint for a new institutional order of this kind we have to build upon and better utilize the patchwork of multi-level governance at hand. The growing number of trans-national networks, including a great variety of coalitions between actors from formal as well as informal institutions, has a great potential as an arena for deliberation of the challenge of climate change.

  • 76.
    Lidskog, Rolf
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Elander, Ingemar
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Ecological modernization in practice?: the case of sustainable development in Sweden2012In: Journal of Environmental Policy and Planning, ISSN 1523-908X, E-ISSN 1522-7200, Vol. 14, no 4, p. 411-427Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden is widely considered a forerunner in environmental policy and one of the most ecologically modernized countries in the world. However, like most other countries, it has not been able to escape from economic recession, high unemployment rates and increasing social segregation. Doubts have also been raised as to whether the rosy picture of successful eco-modernization corresponds to policy in practice. How does Sweden stand the test when bold sustainable development goals confront the challenges of financial and economic crisis and strong pressure on its social welfare system? The analysis finds that Sweden has officially adopted an eco-modernist understanding of society where economic growth, social welfare and environmental values and interests support each other, with economic growth notably considered the crucial driver. However, reconciling these dimensions into one integrated strategy for sustainable development is easier said than done, and it is shown that the gulf between policy rhetoric and practice is deeper than recognized and may even be increasing. The article finally addresses the question of whether this conclusion indicates the dead-end of eco-modernization as a discursive guideline for sustainable development or if it is rather a trigger for a more radical approach to eco-modernization.

  • 77.
    Lidskog, Rolf
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Elander, Ingemar
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Le développement durable en Suède: la rhétorique, les politiques et la pratique2011In: Télescope - Revue d'analyse comparée en administration publique, ISSN 1203-3294, E-ISSN 1929-3348, Vol. 17, no 2, p. 71-91Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden is a forerunner in environmental policy and one of the most ecologically modernized countries in the world. However, as with most other countries, it has not been able to avoid economic recession and high unemployment. Thus it is of great interest to investigate whether Sweden, in confronting this challenge, is still on the right track in terms of redesigning society to become environmentally sustainable. The fundamental question of this article is: how well does Sweden measure up when bold sustainable development goals are confronted with the challenges of financial and economic crisis and the strong pressures exerted on its social welfare system ? According to our analysis, Sweden has achieved a form of understanding in which economic growth, social welfare and environmental policy support each other. However, reconciling these dimensions into an integrated strategy for sustainable development is easier said than done and, as is shown in this paper, the distance between rhetoric, policy and practice is greater than is acknowledge in the policy formulated to date.

  • 78.
    Lidskog, Rolf
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Elander, Ingemar
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Representation, deltagande eller samtal?: Demokratiteoretiska svar på dagens miljöproblem2006In: Om demokratins villkor: Volym 1 / [ed] Mats Ekström et al., Örebro: Örebro universitet , 2006, 1, p. 245-276Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 79.
    Lidskog, Rolf
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Elander, Ingemar
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Representation, participation or deliberation?: Democratic responses to the environmental challenge2007In: Space & Polity, ISSN 1356-2576, E-ISSN 1470-1235, Vol. 11, no 1, p. 75-94Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The environmental question poses four challenges to democracy: global justice, intergenerational justice, the value of non-human species and technocratic decision-making. This article discusses these challenges in the light of three values or dimensions of democratic theory: representativity, participation and deliberation. It is found that even, if participation and deliberation by a broad set of actors are crucial to integrate democratic decision-making and environmental concern, there is also a need for representative institutions at all levels of society. The democracy-environment relation is not just about values and ideas. It also requires global, international, regional, national and local institutions armed with power resources

  • 80.
    Lidskog, Rolf
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Elander, Ingemar
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Sweden and the Baltic Sea pipeline: between ecology and economy2012In: Marine Policy, ISSN 0308-597X, E-ISSN 1872-9460, Vol. 36, no 2, p. 333-338Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Building a submarine pipeline in the Baltic Sea to transport natural gas from Russia to Germany contradicts targets to reduce fossil fuel dependency and seems to ignore a long history of environmental challenges in the area. This article examines the tensions between the environmental, economic, and national security arguments framing the Swedish government decision to allow the pipeline to be laid on the Baltic seabed passing through the Swedish economic zone. At first sight, the decision seems to run contrary to Sweden's ambitious environmental policy. However, by framing the issue within a broader understanding of the country's tradition of consensual decision-making, and considering the tensions and contradictions inherent in policies for sustainable development, the permission fits well with the logic that, in case of conflict, economic growth is given priority even when the environment is at stake.

  • 81.
    Low, Nicholas
    et al.
    University of Melbourne.
    Gleeson, BrendanUniversity of Western Sydney.Elander, IngemarÖrebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.Lidskog, RolfÖrebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Consuming cities: the urban environment in the global economy after the Rio Declaration2000Collection (editor) (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 82.
    Sayuli Fransson, Anna-Lisa
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Elander, Ingemar
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Lidskog, Rolf
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Framing issues and forming opinions: the Baltic Sea pipeline in the Swedish media2011In: European Spatial Research and Policy, ISSN 1231-1952, Vol. 18, no 2, p. 95-110Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A 1200-km-long gas pipeline currently under construction in the Baltic Sea will run from Vyborg in the Gulf of Finland, through the economic zones of Finland, Sweden, and Denmark, to Greifswald in north-eastern Germany. Despite the precarious environmental situation of the Baltic Sea, these four countries have approved the route. This paper examines Sweden’s approval of the submarine pipeline route, highlighting Swedish media reporting preceding the governmental decision. Most articles framed the pipeline as a matter of national security or economics, neglecting its environmental effects; any environmental arguments used frequently served merely to supplement a national security or economics story.

  • 83.
    Uggla, Ylva
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Elander, IngemarÖrebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Global uppvärmning och lokal politik2009Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

     I boken ges ett samhällsvetenskapligt perspektiv på svenska kommuner och deras klimatarbete och visas hur internationell och nationell klimatpolitik definieras och implementeras i kommunerna. Kommunerna påverkas förstås i arbetet av sin omvärld men skapar också klimatpolitik, dels i den lokala politiken, dels genom deltagande i nätverk med andra offentliga eller privata aktörer. Kommuner uppmanas från riksnivå att vara aktiva - både i reduktion av växthusgaser och anpassning till ett förändrat klimat - men det finns utrymme för stora variationer i kommunernas engagemang, vilket boken belyser på flera sätt. Författarna närmar sig frågan om global uppvärmning genom att studera klimatförändring som ett objekt för samhällsstyrning och den gemensamma teoretiska grunden utgörs av styrnings- och regleringslitteratur (governance).

  • 84.
    Uggla, Ylva
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Elander, Ingemar
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Kommunerna och klimatet: tendenser, möjligheter och problem2009In: Global uppvärmning och lokal politik / [ed] Ylva Uggla, Ingemar Elander, Stockholm: academic press , 2009, p. 129-136Chapter in book (Other academic)
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