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  • 51.
    Jussila, Jari J.
    et al.
    Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    Aramo-Immonen, Heli
    Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    Experienced Risks In Social Media Use - Longitudinal Study Among University Students2016Inngår i: EDULEARN16: 8th International Conference on Education and New Learning Technologies / [ed] L Gómez Chova; A López Martínez; I Candel Torres, Valencia, Spain: The International Academy of Technology, Education and Development, 2016, s. 1255-1260Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Several recent studies indicate that there is a need for increased use of ICT and social media in the Finnish education [1], [2]. This research was conducted in order to explore the attitude towards social media use among university students. The motivation for seeking answer to the research question: "What risks students experience in social media use?" derived from the need to discover learning barriers in social media based learning environments. In particular, there is a need for novel interaction means in order to co-create and learn informally [3] also beyond the traditional classroom. The assumptions, beliefs and attitudes towards social media are studied from the perspective of perceived risks of the students. The study was conducted among graduate students attending "Communities and Social Media in Knowledge Management" course between the years 2012-2016. A web-based survey was executed annually, with a total of 113 respondents. Based on the results we were able to categorize the perceived risks and derive implications on how to lower learning barriers of students in social media based learning environments.

  • 52.
    Jussila, Jari J.
    et al.
    Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    Karkkainen, Hannu
    Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    Aramo-Immonen, Heli
    Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    Ammirato, Salvatore
    Department of Mechanical, Energy and Management Engineering, University of Calabria, Arcavacata Di Rende, Italy.
    Felicetti, Alberto Michele
    Department of Mechanical, Energy and Management Engineering, University of Calabria, Arcavacata Di Rende, Italy.
    Della Gala, Marco
    Department of Mechanical, Energy and Management Engineering, University of Calabria, Arcavacata Di Rende, Italy.
    Social media applications in external B2B transactions: An empirical analysis of the Finnish technology industry2015Inngår i: IFKAD 2015: 10th International Forum on Knowledge Asset Dynamics: Culture, Innovation and Entrepreneurship: Connecting the Knowledge Dots / [ed] Spender, JC; Schiuma, G; Albino, V, Institute of Knowledge Asset Management (IKAM) , 2015, s. 1930-1940Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite the popularity of the topic, social media research is still limited and focuses largely on the role of consumer-to-consumer (C2C) and business-to-consumer (B2C) domains (Volpentesta and Felicetti, 2012; Michaelidou et al., 2011). In many aspects, B2C social media practices are not directly useful for inter- organizational and business-to-business (B2B) purposes. The main aim of this paper is to increase the understanding of the current applications of social media in external B2B transactions. This is carried out through an extensive survey of companies in the technology industry which are operating purely in B2B markets, having only other companies as customers.

    We wanted to understand how industrial B2B companies currently apply social media in their own inter- organizational applications, what potential they see for social media in this context, and what kind of support they need to better adopt social media together with their customers and partners. A population of 2488 Finnish decision makers from the Federation of Finnish Technology Industries were observed. Based on the answers of 143 different companies, 125 companies were found to wholly (100%) represent B2B markets, and these were chosen as the sample of this particular study.

    Studies on social media, especially survey-based studies, have not focused soley on B2B companies, particularly on the inter-organizational applications of social media in B2Bs, except for the B2B-marketing oriented study of Michaelidou et al. (2011) and the study of social media utilization in B2B relationships by Pettersson et al. (2014). This study extends these previous studies by creating new understanding of the maturity of social media integration in businesses, organizational business problems that companies perceive can be solved with social media, and approaches that can support social media adoption in B2B companies.

    Managerially, the results can be used, for instance, to better understand the various possibilities of applying social media for inter-organizational use in B2Bs, which are currently only superficially understood by a significant portion of managers. This can help support and facilitate external social media use in B2Bs.

  • 53.
    Jussila, Jari J.
    et al.
    Department of Information Management and Logistics, Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    Kärkkäinen, Hannu
    Department of Information Management and Logistics, Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    Aramo-Immonen, Heli
    Department of Industrial Management, Tampere University of Technology, Pori, Finland.
    Social media utilization in business-to-business relationships of technology industry firms2014Inngår i: Computers in human behavior, ISSN 0747-5632, E-ISSN 1873-7692, Vol. 30, s. 606-613Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Even today, it is a fairly common argument in business-to-business companies, especially in traditional industrial companies, that social media is only useful in the business-to-consumer sector. The perceived challenges, opportunities and social media use cases in business-to-business sector have received little attention in the literature. Therefore, this paper focuses on bridging this gap with a survey of social media use cases, opportunities and challenges in industrial business-to-business companies. The study also examines the essential differences between business-to-consumer and business-to-business in these respects. The paper starts by defining social media and Web 2.0, and then characterizes social media in business, and social media in business-to-business. Finally, we present and analyze the results of our empirical survey of 125 business-to-business companies in the Finnish technology industry sector. This paper suggests that there is a significant gap between the perceived potential of social media and social media use with customers and partners in business-to-business companies, and identifies potentially effective ways to reduce the gap.

  • 54.
    Jussila, Jari J.
    et al.
    Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    Kärkkäinen, Hannu
    Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    Aramo-Immonen, Heli
    Tampere University of Technology, Pori, Finland.
    Huhtamäki, Jukka
    Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    Tuottavuusloikka sosiaalisen median avulla2015Inngår i: TiedeAreena 2015 / [ed] Maria Väkiparta, Pori: Tampere University of Technology, 2015, s. 26-27Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 55.
    Jussila, Jari J.
    et al.
    Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    Lyytikkä, Jani
    Deloitte Oy, Helsinki, Finland.
    Aramo-Immonen, Heli
    Tampere University of Technology, Pori, Finland.
    Kärkkäinen, Hannu
    Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    Value added of social media in open innovation community: the perspective of a community hosting company that produces B2B products2014Inngår i: AcademicMindTrek '14: Proceedings of the 18th International Academic MindTrek Conference / [ed] Artur Lugmayr, Heljä Franssila, Janne Paavilainen, New York, NY: ACM Digital Library, 2014, s. 118-124Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Social media and open innovation communities are becoming increasingly important not only for business-to-consumer (B2C) companies, in which context they have resulted in relatively large and fast-growing research body, but increasingly also to the development of business-to-business (B2B) products and innovations. In order to find out how social media and open innovation communities can be used to create value for the development of B2B product, we selected a single case study research method. The selected single case represents a unique case regarding open innovation community and social media use in the development of complex B2B products.

  • 56.
    Jussila, Jari J.
    et al.
    Laboratory of Industrial and Information Management Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    Mustafee, Navonil
    The Business School, University of Exeter, Exeter, UK.
    Aramo-Immonen, Heli
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet. Laboratory of Industrial and Information Management, Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    Menon, Karan
    Laboratory of Industrial and Information Management, Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    Hajikhani, Arash
    Lappeenranta University of Technology, Lappeenranta, Finland.
    Helander, Nina
    Laboratory of Industrial and Information Management, Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    A bibliometric study on authorship trends and research themes in knowledge management literature2017Inngår i: 12th International Forum on Knowledge Asset Dynamics, St. Petersburg, Russia 7-9 June 2017: Knowledge Management in the 21th Century: Resilience, Creativity and Co-creation. Proceedings / [ed] JC Spender, Giovanni Schiuma, Tatiana Gavrilova, St. Petersburg, Russia: Proceedings IFKAD... , 2017, Vol. 12, s. 389-397Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study is to identify the contribution of authors in the domain of Knowledge Management (KM). The underlying data is from two leading KM journals,namely, the Journal of Knowledge Management (JKM)and the Journal of Intellectual Capital (JIC). We downloaded articles from Thomson Reuters Web of Science (WoS), with JKM and JIC-specific searches resulting in 508 and 73 citing articles respectively. The timeframe of analysis was 2009-2016. This dataset was used to create co-citation network visualisations to provide insights into the clusters of authors and research topics. Measures such as Betweenness centrality and hubs-authorities (HITS) were used to identify significant authors and their key themes of interest. More specifically, network analysis identified six dominant research themes, it revealed a total of 14,422 authors being cited (depicted as nodes in the visualisation) with a total of 1,023,123 citations (edges). Based on the findings of this study, the paper will explore the specific themes and the intellectual turning points in KM research and its evolution. Our bibliometric analysis has practical significance for researchers since it recognises the dominant research areas, and by extension, it identifies those that are still in their infancy; the latter having the potential of representing an interesting research gap. The limitation of the study is that the underlying data is only from two journals (albeit, from the top two journals in KM), which may lead to partially biased results. In future, the aim is to also leverage the analysis to more KM journals, e.g., the top ten journals within the Serenko & Bontis (2013) most updated list.

  • 57.
    Jussila, Jari L.
    et al.
    Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    Kärkkäinen, Hannu
    Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    Aramo-Immonen, Heli
    Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    Huthamäki, Jukka
    Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    Tuottavuusloikka sosiaalisen median avulla2015Inngår i: TiedeAreena 2015 / [ed] Maria Väkiparta, Tampere, Finland: Tampere University of Technology, 2015, , s. 35s. 26-27Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 58.
    Kärkkäinen, Hannu
    et al.
    Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    Jussila, Jari
    Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    Aramo-Immonen, Heli
    Tampere University of Technology, Pori, Finland.
    Sosiaalinen media valjastetaan projektiliiketoiminnan käyttöön2012Inngår i: Projektitoiminta, ISSN 1455-4178, E-ISSN 2242-9549, nr 1, s. 76-79Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 59.
    Liikamaa, Kirsi
    et al.
    University of Turku, Pori, Finland.
    Vartiainen, Tero
    University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland.
    Pirhonen, Maritta
    University of Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä, Finland.
    Aramo-Immonen, Heli
    Tampere University of Technology, Pori, Finland.
    Replacing Project Managers in Information Technology Projects: Contradictions that Explain the Phenomenon2015Inngår i: International Journal of Human Capital and Information Technology Professionals, ISSN 1947-3478, E-ISSN 1947-3486, Vol. 6, nr 3, s. 1-19Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    According to anecdotal evidence, project managers working on information technology (IT) projects are occasionally replaced, although the literature on information systems (IS) and project management (PM) makes little mention of it. With a view to narrowing this knowledge gap the authors examined the reasons behind the practice. The authors took an interpretive approach to the data gathering and analysis, and collected descriptions about replacing project managers (RPM) from interviews and questionnaires (n=43). The concept of contradiction served as a lens through which to identify the underlying reasons. Contradiction refers to statements asserting or expressing the opposite of another statement. The authors identified four contradictions explaining why RPM occurs in IT projects. These contradictions show that RPM appears to be a simplistic solution when there are more fundamental issues to consider. The implications extend to education, practice, and research in the context of IT project management.

  • 60.
    Linna, Petri
    et al.
    Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    Aramo-Immonen, Heli
    Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    Saari, Mika
    Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    Turunen, Jari
    Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    Jussila, Jari J.
    Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    Joel-Edgar, Sian
    Exeter University, Exeter, England.
    Huhtala, Mikko
    WinNova Länsirannikon Koulutus Oy Ltd, Tampere, Finland.
    Assessment of social media skills among vocational teachers in Finland2015Inngår i: EDULEARN 15: 7th International Conference on Education and New Learning Technologies / [ed] Gómez Chova, L; López Martinéz, A; Candel Torres, I, Valencia, Spain: The International Academy of Technology, Education and Development, 2015, s. 4574-4581Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Information technology penetration in the automotive industry has forced education in upper secondary vocational teaching to radically change. In car mechanic training this has an influence on traditional teaching methods as well as upon the substance of the education. At the same time education is generally changing to use social media (SOME) tools in various novel pedagogical settings. SOME may be seen as one solution to the challenges to the automotive sector. However, teachers need to be motivated to enter into a new era of education. In this case study we explore the upper secondary vocational teachers' ability to utilize SOME in teaching. We planned, tested and verified an assessment tool for evaluating SOME skills among vocational teachers. We also planned and provided training for vocational teachers in the use of SOME tools. Our findings were that the ability to utilize SOME tools among vocational teachers was not good and teachers were surprisingly conservative towards new educational technology. We discovered that utilizing an assessment survey questionnaire before and feedback questionnaire afterwards, greatly benefited a training course by plugging existing knowledge gaps and planning the training accordingly.

  • 61. Madhala, Prashanth
    et al.
    Jussila, Jari
    Aramo-Immonen, Heli
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Suominen, Anu
    Systematic Literature Review on Customer Emotions in Social Media2018Inngår i: ECSM 2018: Proceedings of the 5th European Conference on Social Media / [ed] Cunnane, V & Corcoran, N, Academic Conferences and Publishing International Limited, 2018, s. 154-162Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Customers are human beings who express their emotions openly on social media platforms. There is a wealth of social media data that companies can make use of to improve their business decision making and tailor their marketing strategies. In order to benefit from this, organizations need to apply computational methods, which can save time and effort rather than applying traditional consumer research approaches, such as surveys or interviews. The purpose of this study is to investigate existing computational studies on detecting consumer emotions from social media data. We conducted a systematic literature review on articles published in ScienceDirect, IEEE Explore, ACM Digital Library, and Emerald Insight from the period 2009-2017. The aim was to discover how social media data was extracted, how large datasets were used in detecting emotions, the type of computational methods used, and the accuracy of the results obtained from the existing studies. Most of the studies were focused on sentiment analysis and different machine learning algorithms. The computational methods were applied in business decision making and marketing functions. Practical scenarios included emotion detection in customer reviews and sentiment analysis of retail brands. Based on these studies, we have uncovered situations where the results of the analysis are either sufficiently accurate or supportive for decision making. We provide recommendations for organizations and managers on developing their resources to make use of different computational methods for emotion and sentiment detection. Finally, we present the limitations of these methods and provide recommendations for aligning future research studies toward big social data analytics on customer emotions.

  • 62.
    Michele Felicetti, Alberto
    et al.
    Università della Calabria, Rende, Italy.
    Ammirato, Salvatore
    Università della Calabria, Rende, Italy.
    Raso, Cinzia
    Università della Calabria, Rende, Italy.
    Aramo-Immonen, Heli
    Tampere University of Technology, Pori, Finland.
    Jussila, Jari
    Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    Being a start-upper in Italy: Motivations, obstacles and success factors2016Inngår i: Proceedings of the 11th International Forum on Knowledge Asset Dynamics: Towards a new architecture of knowledge: big data, culture and creativity / [ed] J.C. Spender, J.R. Noening, G. Schiuma, Proceedings IFKAD... , 2016, s. 1370-1383Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - In modern industrial economies, start-up companies are taking an increasingly central role in several government initiatives as a basic engine for socioeconomic development. The scientific literature shows that the success of these business initiatives depends on several factors. In addition to the intrinsic quality of each initiative, several researchers agree in the importance of factors related to the context in which start-ups live and operate. This study aims to analyze motivations, obstacles and success factors of start-up companies in Italy.

    Design/methodology/approach – First, we carried out a systematic literature review on start-up companies domain. In order to answer to the above-mentioned research questions, we collected data through an empirical study based on semi-structured interviews. Survey was conducted in June 2015. The questionnaire was completed by 348 start-up companies, with a response rate of 21,19%. Data were analysed through 11th International Forum on Knowledge Asset Dynamics quantitative statistical techniques, such as factor analysis and ANOVA, to identify goals and critical success factors for Italian Start-uppers.

    Originality/value - Empirical studies revealed the presence of several regions on a global scale, characterized by the presence of successful start-ups. The presence of geographical areas globally acknowledged as real technological hubs (e.g. Silicon Valley) is due to the presence of a set of conditions that, in the system, are extremely favorable to their development. Although many researches provide frameworks to analyze start-ups ecosystems at a glance, we highlight that literature lacks of an analysis of Start-uppers profiles and goals, as well an identification of the critical success factors, according the Start-uppers' perspective. Moreover, although there is already some significant body of knowledge on Italian Start-ups Panorama, many of these works are in the form of journalistic and non-academic books and reports.

    Practical implications – In Europe, too many promising high tech start-ups do not manage to grow and scale up at international level. Italy is characterized by a constellation of small businesses that, despite their peculiarities, have great difficulty in competing in the global market. Although the start-up phenomenon is growing, the Italian situation is still in its infancy, with many start-up with a small number of employees and still in early stage. The identification of the characteristics of the Italian start-up companies will allow a better understanding of this entrepreneurial phenomenon, supporting the design of appropriate innovation policies and regional industry development.

  • 63.
    Mittila, Tuula
    et al.
    Turku University, Pori, Finland.
    Aramo-Immonen, Heli
    Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    Knowledge Management in Industrial Service Innovation2012Inngår i: Ifkad - Kcws 2012: 7Th International Forum On Knowledge Asset Dynamics, 5Th Knowledge Cities World Summit: Knowledge, Innovation And Sustainability: Integrating Micro & Macro Perspectives / [ed] Schiuma, G; Spender, JC; Yigitcanlar, T, Institute of Knowledge Asset Management (IKAM) , 2012, s. 489-502Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the article is to scrutinize how knowledge is managed in service innovation in the telecommunications industry. In the merger of two leading European telecommunications companies, the world's third largest ITC company was formed in 2007. This consortium has activities in more than 150 countries and is an example of a very large industrial service provider. Therefore, it is an interesting case company for our study. Design/methodology/approach - The article consists of a literature review and a case study on the technical support department of a global telecommunications company. We will discuss the concepts of service innovation, dimensions of innovation in the service industry and intellectual capital (IC) management via knowledge management in the service industry. The authors highlight that, like innovation, knowledge management also is suitable for IC management. Knowledge management is a management function that creates or locates knowledge, manages the flow of knowledge and ensures that knowledge is used effectively and efficiently for the long-term benefit of the organization (Darroch and McNaughton 2002; de Plessis 2007). In the empirical part of the paper, the results of the case observations and interviews at the company will be introduced. Originality/value - The methodology utilized here incorporates empirical evidence of the role and activities of the innovation function in managing knowledge and ideas from different sources for the development of both products and technical support services. Based on the research results, we also identify the dimensions of innovation used in the case organization. Practical implications - The outcomes of the case study suggest how managers can improve knowledge management in their service innovation function.

  • 64.
    Mäkitalo-Keinonen, Tiina
    et al.
    Tampere University of Technology, Pori, Finland.
    Aramo-Immonen, Heli
    Tampere University of Technology, Pori, Finland.
    Growth, evolution and knowledge management of a small high technology firm2011Inngår i: Proceedings 12th CINet conference: Continuous Innovation: Doing More with Less, Aarhus: CINet , 2011Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 65.
    Pettersson, Elina
    et al.
    Tampere University of Technology, Pori, Finland.
    Aramo-Immonen, Heli
    Tampere University of Technology, Pori, Finland.
    Jussila, Jari J.
    Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    Social media utilization in B2B networks' organizational learning: Review and research agenda proposal2014Inngår i: Journal of Mobile Multimedia, ISSN 1550-4646, E-ISSN 1550-4654, Vol. 10, nr 3-4, s. 218-233Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Knowledge management (KM) in a business-to-business (B2B) network is a different task than intraorganizational KM. Therefore this conceptual paper searches for an answer to the question of what we should re-search in this more demanding KM environment. We suggest that the social media provides a variety of vehicles for performing organizational learning via KM in B2B networks. Since this is relatively novel research area, we have done a literature review and propose a research agenda in this article.

  • 66.
    Pettersson, Elina
    et al.
    Tampere University of Technology, Pori, Finland.
    Aramo-Immonen, Heli
    Tampere University of Technology, Pori, Finland.
    Lassila, Säde
    Tampere University of Technology, Pori, Finland.
    Towards a smart project network via quality knowledge management2013Inngår i: IFKAD 2013: Proceedings / [ed] Schiuma, G.; Spender, J.C..; Pulic, A., Institute of Knowledge Asset Management (IKAM) , 2013, s. 235-252Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - The purpose of this paper was to study knowledge management (KM) in inter-organizational project co-operation in the context of the manufacturing process in the offshore and marine industries. The main aim was to find out how knowledge of quality requirements and changes was managed in the network towards a smarter value chain. The second aim was to find out what kind of procedures, if any, could be defined as operative, tactical, and strategic levels of learning (Carayannis 1996; Carayannis and Alexander 2002) and KM in a network of companies.

    Design/methodology/approach - The paper utilizes the multiple case study approach, focusing on the diffusion of quality knowledge in the network. The study was conducted during 2012 in a networked project organization of two European shipyards by analysing the quality documentation, interviewing quality managers at the shipyards and by surveys among their project network companies.

    Originality/value - The paper presents a two-way view of quality knowledge management in a complex project network comparing the KM procedures of both the core companies and their project network suppliers. The paper presents an understanding of the absorption and diffusion of changed quality demands in the project network companies and the reactive and proactive procedures followed. Understanding the gaps between the KM efforts of the network companies and their project network can help companies to communicate and manage their knowledge efficiently in the project network.

    Practical implications - The findings of the study indicate the effects of the companies' KM efforts in their project network based on the understanding of the operational, tactical, and strategic level reactions of the network companies. This understanding of how and to what extent the quality knowledge is diffused can help companies to develop more dynamic KM processes in their network. The paper proposes ways to utilize the reactive and proactive potential of the network companies better in order to enhance the diffusion of knowledge and quality production ability of the whole network. The paper also suggests some ways to develop the network KM towards a smarter value chain where knowledge and innovations diffuse both ways.

  • 67.
    Saari, Mika
    et al.
    Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    Turunen, Jari
    Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    Linna, Petri
    Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    Aramo-Immonen, Heli
    Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    Huhtala, Mikko
    WinNova Länsirannikon Koulutus Oy Ltd, Tampere, Finland.
    Joel-Edgar, Sian
    Exeter University, Exeter, England.
    Explorative Study Of Teaching Programming To Vocational Teachers In Finland2015Inngår i: Edulearn 15: 7th International Conference on Education and New Learning Technologies / [ed] L Gómez Chova; A López Martínez; I Candel Torres, Valencia, Spain: The International Academy of Technology, Education and Development, 2015, s. 2860-2869Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study we explore the possibility of organizing and structuring an information technology training day for upper secondary vocational teacher training in automotive and transport engineering. The objective is to show the development process of the three training sessions in response to survey data completed by teachers. Information technology has widely penetrated into the car industry during the last few decades but some teachers have difficulty in adapting and teaching new technologies to their students. This paper presents one approach to break the ice between 'old school' teachers and information technology, through the use of an 8-hour training day consisting of programming, electronic technology and data bus technology.

    The aim of this study is to discover how to structure training of new technology for experienced vocational teachers. In this paper we describe how we developed, organized and assessed information technology training for vocational teachers within the case study. The training day was organized in three locations in Finland: Pori, Jyvaskyla and Vantaa. After the first surveys were completed by the vocational teachers, the arrangement of the next training day was adjusted in response to the outcome of the initial surveys. After the first lecture session, the training feedback indicated that there should be more 'learning-by-doing' type of action. The next sessions included Arduino board [1], electronic components and a laptop software development environment.

    In this study we found that the attitudes of the training attendees were different in three locations around Finland. This is an interesting finding. When comparing the results obtained from Jyvaskyla and Vantaa the outcomes were slightly more negative in Jyvaskyla than in Vantaa. However the training was identical in both cases. The results also showed a difference in attitude between teachers of different age groups.

    One of the biggest problems in this type of training was the limitation of time. Most of the teachers were familiar with the automotive based digital testing equipment, but they were also aware that their students were far more advanced in information technology than they were. This may have generated tensions and resistance from the older generation of teacher when adopting any new technology.

    The overall outcome was positive. Teachers were pleased with this training in an automotive context, because it was first time they had received generic technological training. The attendees felt it was important because the training sessions were targeted directly to them. The collected survey results provided information about what vocational teachers are actually missing in practice. In the conceptual part of this paper we discuss motivation to learn [2,3] and adult education. In the empirical part of this paper we introduce the training method utilized and finally discuss the presented outcomes and conclusions of the survey data.

  • 68. Siivonen, Salla
    et al.
    Aramo-Immonen, Heli
    Tampere University of Technology, Pori, Finland.
    The role of management accounting actors in the project business network2014Inngår i: Manufacturing Accounting Research Conference, MAR 2014, June 11-13, 2014, Copenhagen, Denmark, 2014, s. 1-15Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 69.
    Suominen, Anu Helena
    et al.
    Tampere University of Technology, Pori, Finland.
    Jussila, Jari
    University of Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä, Finland.
    Lundell, Teppo
    Satakunta University of Applied Science, Pori, Finland.
    Mikkola, Marko
    Satakunta University of Applied Science, Pori, Finland.
    Aramo-Immonen, Heli
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Educational Hackathon: Innovation Contest for Innovation Pedagogy2018Inngår i: Proceedings of the 2018 ISPIM Innovation Conference (Stockholm) / [ed] Iain Bitran, Steffen Conn, K.R.E Huizingh, Olga Kokshagina, Marko Torkkeli, Marcus Tynnhammar, LUT , 2018Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper addresses the educational hackthon as innovation pedagogy method for teaching fuzzy front end of innovation (FFEI) in higher education institutions (HEIs). Specifically it focuses on the process design and execution. This study is based on the idea that educational hackathons are as pecific type of innovation contest aimed at teaching and learning, thus incorporating a set of design variables. Therefore, the paper reports a case study according to those variables in HEI teaching in university-industry collaboration.This paper presents both the process description along with students’ learning and feedback, i.e. the development suggestions for the method. Presenting conclusions for both academic use and practical design of hackathons in teaching, the paper clarifies the literature of educational hackathons as a type of innovation pedagogy method, for teaching FFEI in HEIs beyond IT-industry.

  • 70.
    Toikka, Tarja
    et al.
    Design and Architecture, Aalto University School of Arts, Helsinki, Finland .
    Aramo-Immonen, Heli
    Department of Industrial Management and Engineering, Tampere University of Technology, Pori, Finland.
    Design thinking as practical approach for boundary objects creation among non-designer engineers in idea generation2013Inngår i: Crafting the Future, 10th Conference of the European Academy of Design, 2013Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Designers’ creativity is nowadays targeted towards creating opportunities for creative collaboration among different people. We introduce design methods as a mediating process and the produced artefact as a boundary object between different stakeholders. This paper seeks the answer to the explorative qualitative research question: how to help non-designers make sense of design methods applied in their own context? We suggest that design thinking is a way to make the boundary object concept tangible. The data has been collected from workshop observations and survey questionnaires among non-designer engineers from industry. The research was conducted between 2009-2010. This paper is multi-disciplinary, based on studies in innovation management, knowledge management and utilization of design processes in industrial management. The concepts of the boundary object is introduced in the conceptual part of the paper. Even though design is widely seen as an integrative discipline it is still searching for its autonomy as an academic discipline. The ability of design to communicate with established disciplines such as economics or engineering on an equal basis remains challenging. This paper combines design practice with more familiar theories for managers, those of innovation management and organizational learning. We suggest collaborative processes based on design thinking methods to make the boundary object concept more tangible. The value that design may provide is that people should be able to benefit from more efficient use of their tacit and embodied knowledge in contexts where this kind of knowledge is not often recognized.

  • 71.
    Tuomi, Pauliina
    Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    Häyrynen, Maunu
    University of Turku, Turku, Finland.
    Jussila, Jari
    Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    Kalliola, Satu
    Tampere University, Tampere, Finland.
    Kiili, Kristian
    Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    Lipping, Tarmo
    Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    Repka, Sari
    University of Turku, Turku, Finland.
    Saarikoski, Petri
    University of Turku, Turku, Finland.
    Seppänen, Marko
    Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    Sivula, Anna
    University of Turku, Turku, Finland.
    Siivonen, Salla
    University of Turku, Turku, Finland.
    Soini, Jari
    Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    TiedeAreena 20162016Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 72.
    Vartiainen, Tero
    et al.
    Turku School of Economics (Pori Unit), Turku, Finland.
    Aramo-Immonen, Heli
    Department of Industrial Management and Engineering, Tampere University of Technology, Pori, Finland.
    Jussila, Jari
    Department of Industrial Management and Engineering, Tampere University of Technology, Pori, Finland.
    Pirhonen, Maritta
    Department of Computer Science and Information Systems, University of Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä, Finland.
    Liikamaa, Kirsi
    Turku School of Economics (Pori Unit), Turku, Finland.
    Replacement of the Project Manager Reflected Through Activity Theory and Work–System Theory2011Inngår i: Information Systems Development: Asian Experiences / [ed] William Wei Song, Shenghua Xu, Changxuan Wan, Yuansheng Zhong, Wita Wojtkowski, Gregory Wojtkowski, Henry Linger, New York: Springer, 2011, s. 111-121Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Replacement of the project manager (RPM) is a known phenomenon in information systems (IS) projects, but scant attention is given to it in the project management or IS literature. Given its critical effects on the project business, the organization, the project team, and the project manager, it should be studied in more depth. We identified factors which make RPM occurrences inherently different and we show that work-system theory and activity theory give comprehensive lenses to advance research on RPM. For the future research on RPM we identified three objectives: experiences on RPM, process model for RPM, and organizational culture’s influence on RPM occurrences.

  • 73.
    Vartiainen, Tero
    et al.
    Pori Unit of Turku School of Economics, Turku, Finland.
    Aramo-Immonen, Heli
    Department of Industrial Management and Engineering, Tampere University of Technology, Pori, Finland.
    Liikamaa, Kirsi
    Pori Unit of Turku School of Economics, Turku, Finland.
    Replacing project manager: reasons of replacement interpreted through the activity theory2010Inngår i: PACIS 2010: Proceedings, 2010, s. 1828-1835Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study the reasons for replacing a project manager (RPM) during an ongoing IT project are classified. We give an interpretation on a project through the lens of Activity Theory (AT) and examine the tensions leading to RPM through the principle of contradiction in AT. We interviewed four experienced supervisors of three large project-based companies in the IT field, reviewed a previous study on RPM, and used the concept of contradiction to interpret the types of RPM. We found six types of reasons for RPM (e.g., the project manager has not achieved the defined objectives) and underlying the contradictions we identified interests of the client, the company and project manager which all affect to the emergence of RPM. Our results entail implications for research and practice on RPM.

  • 74.
    Vartiainen, Tero
    et al.
    University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland.
    Pirhonen, Maritta
    University of Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä, Finland.
    Aramo-Immonen, Heli
    Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    Liikamaa, Kirsi
    University of Turku, Turku, Finland.
    Replacement of project manager during IT projects: A research agenda2012Inngår i: 18th Americas conference on information systems 2012: Seattle, Washington, USA, 9-12 August 2012, Red Hook: Curran Associates, Inc., 2012, Vol. 3, s. 2292-2299Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Replacing the project manager (RPM) during IT project is a known phenomenon, but surprisingly, few studies have investigated the issue. To improve understanding of the situation in the IT field, we propose a research agenda that aims to provide IT professionals the means to sustainably manage RPM in IT projects. The research agenda is structured in line with the goals of theories in Gregor's taxonomy of IS theories, and with the agenda, substantive theories on RPM in IT projects are to be developed. There are four major research questions: i) How is RPM in IT projects experienced? ii) When RPM occurs in IT projects, what happens and why, and how does it affect stakeholders? iii) How can RPM in IT projects be predicted? iv) How to manage RPM in IT projects? The research agenda is discussed and evaluated.

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