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  • 1.
    Andersson, Ann-Catrin
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Elander, Ingemar
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Staden som livsmiljö: vision och verklighet: slutrapport från ett forskningsprogram2005Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Allt fler människor koncentreras till städer och andra urbana samhällen. Stadsmiljön är attraktiv och efterfrågad samtidigt som den innebär sociala, psykiska  och fysiska påfrestningar för invånarna. Förändrade villkor för utvecklingen av städer och regioner har lett till en ökad efterfrågan på mångvetenskaplig kunskap och kompetens. När det FORMAS-finanserade forskningsprogrammet Staden som livsmiljö - vision och verklighet formulerades tod vi fasta på den motsägelsefulla bilden av staden med plats för både visionerna och verkligheten. Den teoretiska ramen kring projekten kombinerar statsvetenskapligt förankrad regimteori med vardagslivsteori som hämtat inspiration från strömningar i kulturgeografi, sociologi och andra discipliner. Detta utgör slutrapporten för projektet.

  • 2.
    Andersson, Roger
    et al.
    IBF, Uppsala universitet.
    Elander, Ingemar
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Selectieve armenzorg: asmoedebestrijding en gemeentelijk welzijnsbeleid in Zweden2003In: Agora : tijdschrift voor sociaal-ruimtelijke vraagstukken, ISSN 1380-6319, Vol. 19, no 1, p. 23-26Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 3.
    Bachora, Larissa
    et al.
    Hamburg.
    Elander, Ingemar
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Fridolfsson, Charlotte
    Linköpings universitet.
    Faith-based organizations and social exclusion in Denmark2011In: Faith-based organisations and social exclusion in Ireland and Denmark, Leuven: Acco , 2011, 1, , p. 66p. 27-66Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Danermark, Berth
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Elander, IngemarÖrebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Social Rented Housing in Europe: Policy, Tenure and Design1994Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 5.
    Dierckx, Danielle
    et al.
    University of Antwerp, Anwerpen, Belgium.
    Vranken, Jan
    University of Antwerp, Anwerpen, Belgium.
    Elander, Ingemar
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Changing policies: how faith-based organisations participate in poverty policies2012In: Faith-based organisations and exclusion in European cities / [ed] Justin Beaumont, Paul Cloke, Bristol: Policy Press, 2012, 1, p. 155-172Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 6.
    Eckardt, Frank
    et al.
    Universität Bauhaus, Weimar.
    Elander, Ingemar
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Introduction2009In: Urban governance in Europe / [ed] Frank Eckardt, Ingemar Elander, Berlin: Berliner Wissenschafts-Verlag, 2009, p. 7-20Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 7.
    Eckardt, Frank
    et al.
    Bauhaus Universität, Weimar.
    Elander, IngemarÖrebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Urban governance in Europe2009Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This book looks at the consequences and implications of an emerging new way of local politics in Europe. With the term "governance", changes in the political and social constitution of cities are analysed. Based on theoretical and empirical studies by scholars from ten countries, different aspects of "urban governance" will be presented.

  • 8.
    Eckardt, Frank
    et al.
    Bauhaus Universität, Weimar.
    Elander, Ingemar
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Nyström, Louise
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola.
    Looking back on FUTURE and further: experiences from a FP 6-mobility programme on urban research and practice2009In: Urban Research & Practice, ISSN 1753-5069, Vol. 2, no 2, p. 222-225Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 9.
    Elander, Ingemar
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Analysing central-local government relations in different systems: a conceptual framework and some empirical illustrations1991In: Scandinavian Political Studies, ISSN 0080-6757, E-ISSN 1467-9477, Vol. 14, no 1, p. 31-58Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Restructuring of central and local government relations has occurred in a number of countries during the 1980s, and has been a striking phenomenon even in such different countries as Poland, Sweden and the US. In the first part of the article a resource framework is presented, designed to make basic comparisons of these relations between different countries. Five sets of resources are identified: constitutional-legal, regulatory, financial, political and professional resources. It is argued that local-government disposal of such resources provides a potential for local discretion. The applicability of the framework is illustrated by reference to a study of Poland, Sweden and the US, focusing on the restructuring of central and local government relations in these countries during the 1980s. The conclusion is that decentralization has occurred in all three cases, especially in terms of regulatory and other non-financial resources. However, in Sweden and the US this trend has been counterbalanced by centralization of financial control. In Poland the post-communist revolution has paved the way for a restoration of the pre-war local self-government system. Democratic elections at the local level are seen as crucial to break down the old, centralized party-state system, and to reintroduce a dual local government system. In all three cases economic pressure, related to the individual countries' positions in the world capitalist system, seems to have been the main driving force beind the decentralization processes. However, the forms, magnitude and effects of decentralization must be seen in relation to the specific political economies and histories of the three countries. Thus, to understand the causes, mechanisms and effects of central–local government restructuring in depth one has to relate the resource approach to a broader theoretical framework.

  • 10.
    Elander, Ingemar
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Between centralism and localism: on the development of local self-government in postsocialist Europe1997In: Environment and Planning. C, Government and Policy, ISSN 0263-774X, E-ISSN 1472-3425, Vol. 15, no 2, p. 143-159Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    During real-socialism in Central and Eastern Europe the scope for local government discretion was marginal. Local government had a very low degree of legitimacy, and this is something that poses a big problem when it comes to developing local self-government under postsocialism. It seems as if most citizens are prepared to pin their hopes on new central leaders, while they are still very hesitant with regard to local self-governance. Various expressions of localism appeared during the first three to four years of postsocialist development. However, today it seems as if the tide has turned in favour of more centralist hopes and policies. This development is discussed in the light of some of the arguments commonly raised in favour of centralism and localism, respectively, highlighting the complex relationships between the two concepts and their current manifestations. In the concluding section some ideas are put forward concerning the issue how to bridge the gap between centralism and localism, and there is also a reminder that some of the current developments of local government in Eastern and Central Europe are similar to those in Western Europe. This makes a strong argument in favour of intensified transnational contacts between academics, practitioners, and ordinary citizens with an interest in developing local self-government.

  • 11.
    Elander, Ingemar
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Den motsägelsefulla staden: vardagsliv och urbana regimer2001Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 12.
    Elander, Ingemar
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Hugo Priemus and Gerard Metselaar: Urban renewal policy in a European perspective. Jay M. Stein (ed.): Growth management1994In: Scandinavian Housing and Planning Research, ISSN 0281-5737, Vol. 11, no 1, p. 59-62Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 13.
    Elander, Ingemar
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Paradise lost?: Desubsidization and social housing in Sweden1994In: Social Rented Housing in Europe: Policy, Tenure and Design / [ed] Berth Danermark & Ingemar Elander, Delft, Netherlands: Delft University Press , 1994, 1, p. 95-122Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 14.
    Elander, Ingemar
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Partenariats et gouvernance urbaine2002In: Revue internationale des sciences sociales, ISSN 0304-3037, E-ISSN 2222-4610, no 172, p. 215-230Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [fr]

    Il est courant de légitimer la gouvernance urbaine, en général, et les partenariats, en particulier, en faisant valoir leur efficacité au regard des formes traditionnelles de gestion publique, tout en glissant, voire en faisant l’impasse, sur leur lien avec la démocratie. La plupart des ouvrages invoquent en effet l’efficacité pour appuyer l’approche partenariale, alors que la capacité qu’on lui prête de créer une synergie entre les partenaires arrive normalement en tête de liste. Définir si un partenaire est efficace ou non relève, bien sûr, de l’empirisme mais il est vrai que la rhétorique de l’efficacité est assez puissante pour justifier, de toutes façons, la création de partenariats. On leur assigne plus ou moins la fonction de résoudre n’importe quel problème de gouvernance. Partant du débat théorique sur les partenariats et leur rôle dans la gouvernance urbaine et se fondant sur des exemples provenant d’études empiriques récentes, le présent article a pour principal objet d’élaborer une stratégie destinée à conduire des recherches internationales comparatives sur les partenariats et la gouvernance urbaine. Il s’achève par l’évocation d’incidences politiques découlant du rôle croissant des partenariats dans la gouvernance urbaine, et la mise en lumière de leur lien avec la démocratie, lequel était jusqu’ici négligé.

  • 15.
    Elander, Ingemar
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Partnerships and urban governance2002In: International Social Science Journal, ISSN 0020-8701, E-ISSN 1468-2451, Vol. 54, no 172, p. 191-204Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Urban governance in general and partnerships in particular are commonly legitimised as being more efficient than traditional forms of government, whereas their relationship to democracy is only mentioned in passing or even neglected. In most of the literature a number of efficiency–related arguments in favour of the partnership approach are presented, although its alleged capacity to create synergetic effects for the partners normally ranks number one. Of course it is an empirical question, whether a partnership is efficient or not, but the point is that the efficiency rhetoric is strong enough to legitimise the creation of partnerships anyhow. Partnerships are more or less ascribed the function to solve any governance problem. Taking its point of departure in a theoretical discussion of partnerships and their role in urban governance, and using illustrations taken from recent empirical studies, the main aim of the paper is to develop a research strategy for cross–national/cross–country research on partnerships and urban governance. The paper concludes by discussing some policy implications of the growing role of partnerships in urban governance, high–lighting their so–far neglected relationship to democracy.

  • 16.
    Elander, Ingemar
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Policy networks and housing regeneration in England and Sweden1995In: Urban Studies, ISSN 0042-0980, E-ISSN 1360-063X, Vol. 32, no 6, p. 913-934Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    During recent decades, rented housing estates all over Europe have become the object of a flood of programmes aimed at physical and social renewal and regeneration. Drawing upon network theory, in this paper a conceptual framework is presented and tentatively applied in a comparative study of rented housing regeneration and area improvement in England and Sweden. Although the contours of broadly similar policy communities in the two countries could be found, there were also striking differences in network formation. Thus, in England the Department of the Environment seems to play a more prominent role in policy-making and implementation than its Swedish counterpart, while in Sweden the municipal housing companies, the local authorities and the tenants' organisations take part more actively in the policy process than is the case in England. Closely related to these findings it is argued that there are also some lessons for practical use that could be learnt from the analysis, although one then has to be careful not to overlook the context-bound specificities, at the national as well as the local level.

  • 17.
    Elander, Ingemar
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    På väg mot en sammanhållen nationell stadspolitik-: önskedröm eller möjlighet?2013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    SAMMANFATTNING

    Behöver Sverige en samlad nationell stadspolitik? Det är den övergripande fråga som är

    föremål för granskning och reflektion i denna artikel. Bakgrunden är det önskemål om och de

    argument för en sådan politik som framförts av Arkitekturmuseet, Boverket, Formas och

    Riksantikvarieämbetet i en gemensam rapport. I artikeln sätts frågan in i ett bredare stadsoch

    urbanpolitiskt sammanhang med förankring i aktuell samhällsvetenskaplig forskning.

    Centrala frågeställningar är bland annat: Vilka problem har ansetts påkalla en nationell

    stadspolitik och varför? Vilka redan etablerade politikområden berörs? Vilka är de politiska

    förutsättningarna? Kan en nationell politik för stadsutveckling organiseras som stärker de

    regionala och lokala nivåerna och i så fall hur?

    Efter en kort presentation av fenomenet stadspolitik som begrepp och vision riktas blickarna

    mot tre förhållanden som påverkar förutsättningarna för en samlad nationell stadspolitik:

    först statens förändrade roll från sammanhållen välfärdsstat till bantad och

    samarbetssökande stat, sedan politikens fragmentering och slutligen den starka

    samförståndsanda som präglar det offentliga samtalet om hållbarhet, inte minst om hållbar

    stadsutveckling. Som empirisk referenspunkt görs därefter korta, analytiskt styrda

    beskrivningar av fem potentiella spår för en eventuell samlad nationell stadspolitik:

    klimatpolitik, områdesorienterad projektpolitik för social inkludering, regional tillväxt- och

    utvecklingspolitik, kulturpolitik och arkitekturpolitik.

    I en avslutande del konstateras att det i svenska kommuner och regioner visserligen bedrivs

    olika former av stads/regionpolitik, ofta med ekonomisk tillväxt som främsta ambition.

    Däremot finns ingen samlad eller samordnad nationell stads- eller regionpolitik. I den mån

    man kan tala om en nationell stadspolitik så är den fortsatt partiell, ofta implicit och i stora

    drag fragmenterad på olika sektorer. En annan slutsats är att stadspolitik måste diskuteras

    och skapas i nära samband med de parallella processer som nu pågår i syfte att skapa nya

    regionala strukturer för offentlig flernivåpolitik. Utan en av staten orkestrerad, eller

    åtminstone legitimerad, regionpolitik är det svårt att tänka sig en motsvarande stadspolitik

    med beaktande av de delvis olika intressen som följer av orters läge, näringsgeografiska

    struktur och storlek.

    Resan mot en samlad, och hållbar, nationell stadspolitik får inte väja för att konfrontera och

    självkritiskt granska det samförståndstänkande som i hög grad präglar synen på hållbarhet.

    Begreppet är i grunden värdeladdat och därför behöver intressemotsättningar och konflikter

    identifieras och konfronteras, vilket i sin tur betyder att fullständigtt samförstånd inte alltid

    kan nås. Det är ur ett demokratiskt perspektiv angeläget att politiska partier och andra

    former av organiserade samhällsintressen förtydligar sina förhållningssätt till såväl

    regionpolitik som hållbar (stads)utveckling och lyfter fram och driver sina argument,

    ståndpunkter och slutsatser på ett sätt som gör det möjligt för medborgarna att ta ställning

    till olika alternativ.

    För att ge möjlighet till ett fortsatt och fördjupat lärande av pågående stadsbyggnadsprojekt

    är det angeläget att den forumverksamhet som Delegationen för hållbara städer inledde får

    en långsiktig fortsättning. En arena som samlar representanter för offentlig politik och

    förvaltning, näringsliv, civilsamhälle och forskning kan, som delegationen själv föreslagit, bli

    en plattform där man byter erfarenheter, diskuterar och föreslår nya stadspolitiska initiativ.

    Utan att ta ställning till detaljer i förslaget är det lätt att instämma i detta huvudbudskap.

  • 18.
    Elander, Ingemar
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Towards a green welfare economy?: The Green Party in Sweden since the 1998 parliamentary election2000In: Environmental Politics, ISSN 0964-4016, E-ISSN 1743-8934, Vol. 9, no 3, p. 137-144Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 19.
    Elander, Ingemar
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Urban governance and central-local government relations: the metropolitan development initiative in Sweden2003In: www.urbanicity.orgArticle in journal (Other academic)
  • 20.
    Elander, Ingemar
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Blanc, Maurice
    LASTES, Nancy, France.
    Partnerships and democracy: a happy couple in urban governance?2001In: Governing European cities: social fragmentation, social exclusion and urban governance / [ed] Hans Thor Andersen, Ronald van Kempen, Aldershot: Ashgate, 2001, 1, p. 93-124Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 21.
    Elander, Ingemar
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Danermark, Berth
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Introduction1994In: Social Rented Housing in Europe: Policy, Tenure and Design / [ed] Berth Danermark & Ingemar Elander, Delft, Netherlands: Delft University Press , 1994, 1, p. 1-20Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 22.
    Elander, Ingemar
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Davelaar, Maarten
    Verwey-Joonker Instituut, Utrecht, The Netherlands.
    Walliser, Andrés
    New Yiork University, Madrid, Spain.
    FBOs, urban governance and welfare state retrenchment2012In: Faith-based organisations and exclusion in European cities / [ed] Justin Beaumont, Paul Cloke, Policy Press, 2012, 1, p. 81-104Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 23.
    Elander, Ingemar
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Eriksson, Charli
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences.
    Fröding, Karin
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences.
    Lokalt partnerskap för folkhälsa: innovation med djupa rötter i det svenska samhället2009In: Governance på svenska / [ed] Gun Hedlund, Stig Montin, Stockholm: Santérus Academic Press Sweden , 2009, 1, p. 179-200Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 24.
    Elander, Ingemar
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Fridolfsson, Charlotte
    Linköpings universitet, Linköping, Sweden.
    Faith community works in Sweden2013In: Working faith: faith-based organizations and urban social justice / [ed] Paul Cloke, Justin Beaumont & Andrew Williams, Milton Keynes: Paternoster Press, 2013, 1, , p. 15p. 185-200Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 25.
    Elander, Ingemar
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Fridolfsson, Charlotte
    Linköpings universitet.
    Faith-based organisations and social exclusion in Sweden2011 (ed. 1)Book (Refereed)
  • 26.
    Elander, Ingemar
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Fridolfsson, Charlotte
    Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Gustavsson, Eva
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Faith-based engagement and place: Searching for a Swedish muslim identity2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 27.
    Elander, Ingemar
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Fridolfsson, Charlotte
    Department of Political Science, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Gustavsson, Eva
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Swedish muslims and secular society: faith-based engagement and place2015In: Islam and Christian-Muslim Relations, ISSN 0959-6410, E-ISSN 1469-9311, Vol. 26, no 2, p. 145-163Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article sets out to explore how Muslims in Sweden identify with and create social life in the place where they live, that is, in their neighbourhood, in their town/city and in Swedish society at large. In a paradoxical religious landscape that includes a strong Lutheran state church heritage and a Christian free-church tradition, in what is, nevertheless, a very secular society, Muslims may choose different strategies to express their faith, here roughly described as “retreatist,” “engaged” or “essentialist/antagonistic.” Focusing on a non-antagonistic, engaged stance, and drawing upon a combination of authors' interviews, and materials published in newspapers and on the Internet, we first bring to the fore arguments by Muslim leaders in favour of creating a Muslim identity with a Swedish brand, and second give some examples of local Muslim individuals, acting as everyday makers in their neighbourhood, town or city. Third, we also give attention to an aggressively negative Islamophobic stance expressed both in words and in physical violence in parts of Swedish society. In conclusion, we reflect upon the challenges and potentialities of an emotionally engaged, dialogue-orientated Muslim position facing antagonistic interpretations of Islam, and an ignorant, sometimes Islamophobic, environment.

  • 28.
    Elander, Ingemar
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Granberg, Mikael
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Gustavsson, Eva
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Kommunen - klimataktör med stor potential2010In: Sverige i nytt klimat - våtvarm utmaning / [ed] Birgitta Johansson, Stockholm: Forskningsrådet Formas, 2010, 1, p. 389-400Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 29.
    Elander, Ingemar
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Gustafsson, Mattias
    The re-emergence of local self-government in Central Europe: some notes on the first experience1993In: European Journal of Political Research, ISSN 0304-4130, E-ISSN 1475-6765, Vol. 23, no 3, p. 295-322Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the current transitional period in Central Europe two issues have been commonly regarded as outstanding: the democratization of national political systems and the transformation of national economies into capitalist ones. However, in the long run, the reintroduction of local self-government may be even more decisive when it comes to the stabilization of the post-socialist societies. Firstly arguing that local self-government is a crucial link between state and civil society, the paper goes on to review the local government system during socialism. This is followed by overviews of attempts to change this system in Poland, Hungary and Czechoslovakia. A number of hopes and fears associated with this development are highlighted, then the concluding section discusses the gains to be made for comparative political research by considering the local governments of Central Europe.

  • 30.
    Elander, Ingemar
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Gustavsson, Eva
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    From policy community to issue networks: Implementing social sustainability in a Swedish urban development programme2019In: Environment and Planning C: Politics and Space, ISSN 2399-6544, E-ISSN 2399-6552, Vol. 37, no 6, p. 1082-1101Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article a “sustainable urban development” programme in Sweden (Delegation for Sustainable Cities, 2008–2012) is analysed, with a particular focus on the social dimension, and in the light of a commonly held assumption of a general shift in politics over time “from government to governance”. However, on closer examination the programme comes out as something quite different. Taking “policy community” as our conceptual point of departure the article first portrays how post-war housing policy in Sweden was implemented jointly by a potent central government, strong local governments, public housing companies and major interest organisations. The Delegation for Sustainable Cities, on the other hand, was launched as “a national arena for sustainable urban development” with a multifaceted mission, including the production and dissemination of knowledge through best practice; the promotion of multi-actor dialogue and coordination; and the use and export of green technology. Implementation of the programme was delegated to a small number of projects in selected housing districts. In relation to the narrative “from government to governance”, the Delegation for  Sustainable Cities rather indicates the opposite, i.e. government steering by a combination of structural non-intervention, rhetorical flair and selective fragmentation into project-bound issue networks. The  sustainability discourse thus turned out to be a perfect umbrella for the fragmented implementation structure of the Delegation for Sustainable Cities programme. Instead of a tight, multi-level, national governance structure (policy community) we thus have a case of governing at some distance by a combination of what in recent literature have been labelled the Regulatory State and the Networked Polity.

  • 31.
    Elander, Ingemar
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Gustavsson, Eva
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Nyanser av grönt i den urbana hållbarhetskören: några aktuella exempel2015In: Biodiverse, ISSN 1401-5064, no 2, p. 5-7Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 32.
    Elander, Ingemar
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Gustavsson, Eva
    Örebro University.
    Urban Governance, Networking Cities and Climate Change: The Swedish Context2007In: SURF 2007, 2007Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 33.
    Elander, Ingemar
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Lidskog, Rolf
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    The Rio Declaration and subsequent global initiatives2000In: Consuming cities: the urban environment in the global economy after the Rio Declaration / [ed] Nicholas Low, Brendan Gleeson, Ingemar Elander, Rolf Lidskog, London: Routledge , 2000, 1, p. 30-53Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 34.
    Elander, Ingemar
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Lundgren Alm, Elisabet
    Regionförbundet Västra Götaland.
    Malbert, Björn
    Chalmers.
    Sandström, Ulf G
    SLU.
    Biodiversity in urban governance and planning: Examples from Swedish cities2005In: Planning Theory & Practice, ISSN 1464-9357, Vol. 6, no 3, p. 283-301Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    One of the key agreements adopted at the Rio Conference in 1992 was the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). Both in practice and research biodiversity has been mainly addressed in a non-urban context, often discussed in relation to issues such as the depletion of rainforests and desertification. However, as more than half of the world population are urban dwellers, it is increasingly urgent to discuss the application of the concept of biodiversity within an urban context. Issues approached in this article are: What does it mean to talk about biodiversity in an urban context? Is biodiversity a meaningful goal for urban politics and planning? Is there empirical evidence of implementing biodiversity in urban politics and planning. After an introduction, the article is organized into four sections. In the second section the concept of biological diversity is defined with special reference to its application in an urban context. Biodiversity and its relationship to urban governance is the topic of the third section, followed by a section analysing examples of how this relationship is practised in selected Swedish cities. The final section highlights five major conclusions with regard to the application of biodiversity in an urban context: (1) that all cities studied have adopted overall 'green' policies, including biodiversity as one component; (2) that local coalitions in favour of implementing biodiversity have been established between employees at different offices, between employees and politicians, and between employees and NGOs; (3) that there are in all cases tangible signs of spatial patterns and structures that are favourable to biodiversity; (4) that urban biodiversity, for its successful implementation, needs to be related, and accommodated to other values given priority in current policymaking, such as recreation; (5) that mainstream biodiversity analysis should be complemented by an urban landscape approach. Finally, the article returns to the more general question of what biodiversity could and should mean in urban planning.

  • 35.
    Elander, Ingemar
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Montin, Stig
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Decentralisation and control: central-local government relations in Sweden1990In: Policy and politics (Print), ISSN 0305-5736, E-ISSN 1470-8442, Vol. 18, no 3, p. 165-180Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Divergent conclusions have been drawn from research about whether or not local government in Sweden has become more independent of central government during the post-war expansion of the Swedish welfare state. By using a multi-dimensional resource perspective it is argued that local government could be viewed as potentially strong with regard to constitutional-legal, political, financial and professional resources. However, during the 1980s as several decentralist and deregulative programs were being implemented, central government strengthened its financial control over local government. An increasing interdependency between local government agencies and private institutions could also be observed. Thus, the current relations between central and local government in Sweden can be summarised in the formula: centralising (financial) power — decentralising responsibility.

  • 36.
    Elander, Ingemar
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Strömberg, Thord
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Danermark, Berth
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences.
    Söderfeldt, Björn
    Lunds universitet.
    Locality research and comparative analysis: the case of local housing policy in Sweden1991In: Environment and planning A, ISSN 0308-518X, E-ISSN 1472-3409, Vol. 23, no 2, p. 179-196Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A method is described to trace 'locality', or spatial variation in policy, through comparative analysis. It is argued that the problem of structure versus agency can never be solved once and for all by philosophical arguments, but always has to be rephrased into empirically manageable terms. This is possible through use of the 'most similar' approach of comparative anaysis. When external structural determinants of policy are kept under control, local variations can be traced back to locally specific determinants. These determinants must be examined in depth through case studies. This also paves the way for empirically based counterfactual reasoning. Thus, the extent to which local actors are not just forced by structural determinants to act in a certain way can be estimated. The general approach is illustrated by reference to a case study of local housing policies in Sweden. Some critical questions are raised. One must not forget that structures and actors, whether national or local, are inseperably bound up with processes, and that 'structures' are always just crystallised results of human action.

  • 37.
    Elander, Ingemar
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Uggla, Ylva
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Inledning2009In: Global uppvärmning och lokal politik / [ed] Ylva Uggla, Ingemar Elander, Stockholm: Santérus Förlag, 2009, 1, p. 7-14Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 38.
    Elander, Ingemar
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    von Schéele, Annika
    Chalmers.
    Evaluating housing renewal policy in Sweden: an interest-oriented approach1989In: Journal of Urban Affairs, ISSN 0735-2166, E-ISSN 1467-9906, Vol. 11, no 4, p. 397-410Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    During the 1980s a number of urban renewal programs have been initiated in Sweden. In this article an interest-oriented approach for sytematic evaluation of housing renewal is proposed. Taking a contextual analysis as a logical point of departure, two further levels of evaluation are identified. The second one is theoretically crucial, i.e., the identification of interests and actors. On the third level, is the task of mapping the implementation structure. Here the focus is on the ways the different interests and actors conflict and harmonize as regards the formulation and weighing of needs and goals, the mobilization of resources, and the execution, reflection, and feedback of policy. It is argued that these three levels together form a conceptual framework favoring comparative analysis of different cases and facilitating communication between theorists and practitioners. The methodological approach is illustrated by reference to current housing renewal programs in Sweden.

  • 39.
    Elander, Ingemar
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Åquist, Ann-Cathrine
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Den motsägelsefulla staden2001In: Den motsägelsefulla staden: vardagsliv och urbana regimer / [ed] Ingemar Elander, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2001, p. 13-49Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 40.
    Eriksson, Charli
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Health Sciences.
    Elander, Ingemar
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Fröding, Karin
    Johansson, Björn
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Healthy cities, social inclusion and urban governance: a research program2004Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 41.
    Eriksson, Charli
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Health Sciences.
    Elander, Ingemar
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Fröding, Karin
    Johansson, Björn
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Research for healthy cities: theoretical and empirical perspectives on social inclusion, urban governance and sustainable welfare development2003Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 42.
    Eriksson, Charli
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences.
    Elander, Ingemar
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Montin, Stig
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Lärande och kunskapsbildning byggs in2010In: Partnerskap för hållbar välfärdsutveckling: utveckling och forskning under sex år i fyra städer / [ed] Charli Eriksson, Eva Järliden, Annika Larsson, Solveig Sandberg, Örebro: Örebro universitet , 2010, 1, p. 23-37Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 43. Fridolfsson, Charlotte
    et al.
    Elander, Ingemar
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Faith and place: constructing muslim identity in a secular lutheran society2013In: Cultural Geographies, ISSN 1474-4740, E-ISSN 1477-0881, Vol. 20, no 3, p. 319-337Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Non-Christian immigrants coming to Sweden encounter a mainly secular society with a strong Lutheran heritage, as physically symbolized by the more than 3500 church towers scattered throughout the country, often in central locations in cities and villages. In this landscape dotted with Christian landmarks, there are few visible physical spaces linked to the identity of Muslim immigrants. The aim of this article is to analyse the religious and cultural significance that Muslim immigrants attach to the presence or absence of mosques in their neighbourhood. Drawing upon a conceptual framework that distinguishes between physical, mental and social space, the analysis focuses on the meaning of place and the identity attached to the mosques. The empirical basis for the study includes interviews with imams complemented by articles and other written materials published in newspapers and on the internet. In the concluding section, we return to and reflect upon our overarching question: the relationship between faith and place in a multi-religious, multi-ethnic society. As illustrated in the article, mosques not only function as internal markers of religious faith but also serve as arenas where links can be developed to Christian and secular parts of Swedish society. Thus, they are important in providing both bonding and bridging capital, thus making it possible to develop a Muslim identity in Sweden.

  • 44.
    Fridolfsson, Charlotte
    et al.
    Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Elander, Ingemar
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Faith-based organizations and welfare state retrenchment in Sweden: substitute or complement?2012In: Politics and Religion, ISSN 1755-0483, E-ISSN 1755-0491, Vol. 5, no 3, p. 634-654Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Local governments in Europe are facing difficulties in meeting citizens' demands for welfare provision. This opens new opportunities for profit as well as non-profit providers of social welfare. Faith-based organizations (FBOs) are one type of non-governmental organizations addressed by governments to complement or replace parts of public welfare provision. This article gives some examples of FBOs in action as providers of welfare in a European context, with a particular focus on Sweden. Following the introduction, the second part locates the phenomenon of FBOs within the scholarly debate about secularism/post-secularism as related to multi-level governance. The third part gives an overview of potential roles of FBOs in welfare provision combating poverty and social exclusion, illustrated by a few examples from European contexts. Focus in the fourth part is upon the role of FBO engagement in Sweden as developing after World War II. It is concluded that no system is all encompassing in catering to those who suffer from poverty and social exclusion. There will always be a need for the competence and avant-garde role potentially provided by FBOs. However, due to historical circumstances FBOs in Sweden have been, and still are, complementary rather than an outright alternative to public welfare provision.

  • 45.
    Fridolfsson, Charlotte
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Linköping, Sweden.
    Elander, Ingemar
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Place and religion: Swedish Muslim identity formation2015In: Place and identity: a new landscape of social and political change in Sweden / [ed] Marco Eimermann & Anders Trumberg, Stockholm: Santérus Academic Press Sweden, 2015, 1, p. 118-140Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 46. Fridolfsson, Charlotte
    et al.
    Elander, Ingemar
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Granberg, Mikael
    Amnå, Erik
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    FBOs and social exclusion in Sweden2009In: Faith-based organisations and social exclusion in European cities: national context reports / [ed] Danielle Dierckx, Jan Vranken, Wendy Kerstens, Leuven: Acco , 2009, p. 161-196Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 47.
    Fröding, Karin
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Elander, Ingemar
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Eriksson, Charli
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    A community-based participatory research process in a poor Swedish neighbourhood2015In: Systemic Practice and Action Research, ISSN 1094-429X, E-ISSN 1573-9295, Vol. 28, no 1, p. 19-36Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Health is not equally distributed and various neighbourhoods differ from each other in terms of people’s health and other social and economic variables. Numerous efforts are undertaken to develop healthier and more sustainable neighbourhoods, and a key concern in the process is citizen participation. Due to the challenge of conducting research in poor neighbourhood’s complementary research approaches with a more practice-based and democratic knowledge development are needed. Community-based participatory research (CBPR) is a partnership pproach that aims to conduct collaborative knowledge production and to use the research indings for public health interventions. This paper sets out to describe and analyse a community-academic partnership and a CBPR process within a poor neighbourhood in Sweden. Two years of fieldwork were conducted at 26 meetings comprising 84 h in a CBPR group including a researcher, and lay and professional stakeholders. Participatory observation and detailed meeting process-notes were used when doing a qualitative thematic analysis. Eight different developmental phases was identified in the implementation of a CBPR process and four key lessons were found to be important. These were that a community-academic partnership should (1) accept different levels of participation in different phases; (2) openly discuss mutual expectations and individual prerequisites; (3) unmask power and authority; and (4) allow the work to take the time it needs. The design, process, and result of the CBPR project are relevant for local community-academic partnerships using a CBPR approach with the goal of increasing participation as a means of improving people’s health and well-being in poor neighbourhoods.

  • 48.
    Fröding, Karin
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences.
    Elander, Ingemar
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Eriksson, Charli
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences.
    Community-academic partnership: a community-based participatory research process as knowledge production and action for a healthy and sustainable neighbourhood2010Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 49.
    Fröding, Karin
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences.
    Elander, Ingemar
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Eriksson, Charli
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences.
    Community-academic partnership through a community-based participatory research process as knowledge production and action for a healthy and sustainable neighborhood2011In: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 21, no suppl 1, p. 59-59Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 50.
    Fröding, Karin
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Elander, Ingemar
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Eriksson, Charli
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Neighbourhood development and public health initiatives: who participates?2012In: Health Promotion International, ISSN 0957-4824, E-ISSN 1460-2245, Vol. 27, no 1, p. 102-116Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Citizen participation in neighbourhood development is one way to promote public health and contribute to the well-being of individuals. However, some people participate while others do not. This study examines the individual characteristics of people who during the past 2 years have participated in a neighbourhood development process compared with potential and non-participants. Socio-demographic factors, perceptions and behaviour were analysed in a cross-sectional study. A questionnaire was answered by 1160 randomly chosen citizens over the age of 18 who lived in three Swedish cities. The most important single factor related to participation in neighbourhood development was prior experience of participation, such as attempting to influence city policies by contacting politicians, submitting a citizen proposal, etc. Furthermore, having frequent political discussions with neighbours was another behavioural factor that was found associated to people's participation in neighbourhood development. Among socio-demographic factors, only ethnicity was found significant after controlling for other factors; i.e. people born outside the Nordic countries were less likely to participate.

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