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  • Ruge, Dorte
    et al.
    UCL Erhvervsakademi og Professionshøjskole, Danmark.
    Nordgård Vik, FrøydisUniversitetet i Agder, Norge.Björklund, JohannaÖrebro University, School of Science and Technology.Frödén, SaraÖrebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Læring gennem mad og måltider i grundskolen: Teori og praksis fra Danmark, Sverige og Norge2023Collection (editor) (Refereed)
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    Læring gennem mad og måltider i grundskolen
  • Fernemark, Hanna
    et al.
    Health, Medicine and Caring Sciences, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden; Primary Health Care Center, Lambohov, Region Östergötland, Linköping, Sweden.
    Skagerstrom, Janna
    Unit for Research and Development, Region Östergötland, Linköping, Sweden.
    Seing, Ida
    Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Hårdstedt, Maria
    Vansbro Primary Health Care Center, Region Dalarna, Falun, Sweden; Center for Clinical Research Dalarna, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Schildmeijer, Kristina
    Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Linnaeus University, Kalmar, Sweden.
    Nilsen, Per
    Health, Medicine and Caring Sciences, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Working conditions in primary healthcare during the COVID-19 pandemic: an interview study with physicians in Sweden2022In: BMJ Open, E-ISSN 2044-6055, Vol. 12, no 2, article id e055035Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: The aim of this study was to explore how the COVID-19 pandemic changed the working conditions of physicians in Swedish primary healthcare.

    Design: This is a descriptive, qualitative study with individual semistructured interviews. Data were analysed using inductive content analysis. Setting Swedish primary healthcare units in both rural and urban areas.

    Participants: A total of 11 primary care physicians fulfilled participation.

    Results: Two main categories emerged: 'work organisation and routines' and 'psychosocial work environment', containing three and five subcategories, respectively. The pandemic enforced changes in work organisation and routines. Increased flexibility, including more patient-oriented delivery of care, and novel means of interorganisational and intraorganisational interactions were perceived as positive by physicians. The pandemic also caused several changes in physicians' psychosocial work environment. Increased workload, information overload, as well as ethical considerations and feelings of uncertainty made the work environment stressful for physicians.

    Conclusions: The COVID-19 pandemic affected the working conditions of physicians in Swedish primary healthcare in numerous ways. The pandemic enforced changes in work organisation and routines for physicians in primary healthcare. Further research is needed to investigate how the pandemic will affect primary healthcare in the longer term. Learning from the pandemic is important because this will not be the last crisis that primary care and its healthcare professionals will face.

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  • Skagerström, Janna
    et al.
    Regional Executive Office, Region Östergotland, Linköping, Sweden; Department of Health, Medicine and Caring Sciences, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Fernemark, Hanna
    Department of Health, Medicine and Caring Sciences, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden; Primary Health Care Center, Lambohov, Region Östergotland, Linköping, Sweden.
    Nilsen, Per
    Department of Health, Medicine and Caring Sciences, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Seing, Ida
    Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Hårdstedt, Maria
    Vansbro Primary Health Care Center, Region Dalarna, Falun, Sweden; Center for Clinical Research Dalarna, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Karlsson, Elin
    Linköping Univ, Dept Hlth Med & Caring Sci, Linköping, Sweden.
    Schildmeijer, Kristina
    Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Linnaeus University, Växjö, Sweden.
    Challenges of primary health care leadership during the COVID-19 pandemic in Sweden: a qualitative study of managers' experiences2023In: Leadership in Health Services, ISSN 1751-1879, E-ISSN 1751-1887, Vol. 36, no 3, p. 389-401Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: At the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic, health care was at the centre of the crisis. New demands made existing organizational practices and services obsolete. Primary health care had a great deal of responsibility for COVID-19-related care. The pandemic demanded effective leadership to manage the new difficulties. This paper aims to explore experiences and perceptions of managers in primary health care in relation to their efforts to manage the COVID-19 crisis in their everyday work.

    Design/methodology/approach: The authors used a qualitative approach based on 14 semi-structured interviews with managers in primary health care from four regions in Sweden. The interviews were conducted during September to December 2020. Data were analysed using conventional qualitative content analysis.

    Findings: Data analysis yielded three categories: lonely in decision-making; stretched to the limit; and proud to have coped. The participants felt lonely in their decision-making, and they were stretched to the limit of their own and the organization's capacity. The psychosocial working conditions in primary care worsened considerably during the pandemic because demands on leaders increased while their ability to control the work situation decreased. However, they also expressed pride that they and their employees had managed the situation by being flexible and having a common focus.

    Originality/value: Looking ahead and using lessons learnt, and apart from making wise decisions under pressure, an important implication for primary health-care leaders is to not underestimate the power of acknowledging the virtues of humanity and justice during a crisis. Continuing professional education for leaders focusing on crisis leadership could help prepare leaders for future crises.

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  • van den Brink, Yannick
    et al.
    Vrije University, Amsterdam, Netherlands.
    Nordlöf, Kerstin
    Örebro University, School of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Fornes, Ingun
    University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.
    Strengthening the Rule of Law in Child Justice: Towards an Appropriate Minimum Age of Criminal Responsibility and Effective Procedural Rights Protection for Children in Conflict with the Law - Case Studies from Sweden, Norway and the Netherlands2024In: Rule of Law in a Transitional Spectrum / [ed] Rigmor Argren, Uppsala: Iustus förlag, 2024, 1, p. 237-269Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The rule of law demands that States establish an appropriate minimum age of criminal responsibility (MACR) and guarantee effective procedural rights protection for children in conflict with the law. Based on case studies of the child justice systems of Sweden, Norway and the Netherlands, this chapter explores what an appropriate MACR requires in terms of procedural rights for children below and above the MACR. It is concluded that, even in supposedly progressive jurisdictions, there is still a world to win when it comes to safeguarding the rule of law and chidren´s rights protection in child justice.

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    Strengthening the Rule of Law in Child Justice
  • Sultan, Ulrika
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    STEAM education in Sweden: teachers’ experience for successful instruction2023In: Pedagogical Dialogue the journal of the Center of Excellence NIS,, ISSN 2308-7668, Vol. 45, no 3, p. 29-39Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    The presented issue of the journal "Pedagogical Dialogue" is devoted to STEM/STEAM education, which promotes the development of students' creative, imaginative and scientific thinking. The content reflects the key ideas of STEAM education aimed at overcoming the detachment of traditional education from the solution of practical problems and building links between academic disciplines that are understandable to students. 

    The authors study the issues in the context of the STEAM concept: natural sciences + technology based on mathematical elements and interpreted through art and engineering practices.  How can this interdisciplinary approach be applied at school and embodied in concrete projects? Kazakhstani and foreign scholars and experts from Australia, Azerbaijan, Sweden, USA, UAE and Vietnam shared their ideas. Much attention was paid to the questions: what is the power of STEAM? What makes teaching practice successful? What opportunities does STEM provide for students? How to teach students through art and design? What are the conditions for developing teachers' STEAM competencies? 

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    STEAM education in Sweden: teachers’ experience for successful instruction
  • Kristoffersson, Eleonor
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Kristoffersson, Magnus
    Örebro University, School of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    The Principle of the Legality of Taxation and the Rule of Law2024In: Rule of Law in a Transitional Spectrum / [ed] Rigmor Argren, Uppsala: Iustus förlag, 2024, p. 177-186Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter examines the principle of the legality of taxation in the context of the rule of law. It begins with an exploration of the legality of taxation in international and EU Law, providing a comparative overview and delving into the specific case of Sweden. The authors discuss how this principle is not explicitly stated as a fundamental right in the European Charter of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms but can be derived from its provisions. The Court of Justice of the European Union recognizes it as a general principle, necessitating that tax obligations and their substantive elements be defined by law.

    The article then focuses on the Swedish interpretation of the principle, tracing its evolution and current application. It highlights the nuances in the Swedish legal system, where the principle of legality in tax law is interpreted as a general rule that taxation must be lawful and in accordance with the principles of the rule of law. This includes a discussion of the role of the Swedish Parliament in enacting tax laws and the interpretative approaches of the Supreme Administrative Court.

    In conclusion, the paper emphasizes the principle of legality as an integral part of a larger legal system grounded in the rule of law. It addresses the challenges and complexities in applying this principle, especially when harmonizing national and EU law principles in tax cases.

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    The Principle of the Legality of Taxation and the Rule of Law
  • Kristoffersson, Magnus
    Örebro University, School of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    The Concept of Robot Judges Using Generative Artificial Intelligence and the Rule of Law2024In: Rule of Law in a Transitional Spectrum / [ed] Rigmor Argren, Uppsala: Iustus förlag, 2024, p. 369-388Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter explores the concept of robot judges using Generative Artificial Intelligence (GAI) within the framework of the rule of law. It specifically focuses on the potential of GAI models, like ChatGPT-4, in the judicial system and their compatibility with the principle of a fair trial. The author discusses the functionality and role of judges in upholding the rule of law, highlighting the importance of impartiality, integrity, and adherence to legal principles. The article delves into the capabilities and limitations of GAI in legal decision-making, considering aspects like the handling of legal disputes, the influence of training data on GAI outputs, and the balance between technological efficiency and human judgment. The discussion includes experiments with ChatGPT-4 and Bing Chat, assessing their proficiency in legal reasoning and potential as robot judges. Furthermore the paper critically examines the ethical, legal, and practical implications of integrating GAI in the judiciary, pondering the future of legal systems with AI-enhanced decision-making.

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    The Concept of Robot Judges Using Generative Artificial Intelligence and the Rule of Law
  • Ninyio, Nathaniel
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Medical Sciences.
    Schmitt, Katherina
    School of Science and Technology, Life Science Center, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden; Institute of Virology, Saarland University Medical Center, 66421, Homburg, Germany.
    Sergon, Gladys
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Nilsson, Charlotta
    Division of Clinical Microbiology, Department of Laboratory Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Microbiology, Public Health Agency of Sweden, Solna, Sweden.
    Andersson, Sören
    Örebro University, School of Medical Sciences. Department of Public Health Analysis and Data Management, Unit for Vaccination Programmes, Public Health Agency of Sweden, Solna, Sweden.
    Scherbak, Nikolai
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Stable expression of HIV-1 MPER extended epitope on the surface of the recombinant probiotic bacteria Escherichia Coli Nissle 1917 using CRISPR/Cas92024In: Microbial Cell Factories, E-ISSN 1475-2859, Vol. 23, no 1, article id 39Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Mucosal vaccines have the potential to induce protective immune responses at the sites of infection. Applying CRISPR/Cas9 editing, we aimed to develop a probiotic-based vaccine candidate expressing the HIV-1 envelope membrane-proximal external region (MPER) on the surface of E. coli Nissle 1917.

    RESULTS: The HIV-1 MPER epitope was successfully introduced in the porin OmpF of the E. coli Nissle 1917 (EcN-MPER) and the modification was stable over 30 passages of the recombinant bacteria on the DNA and protein level. Furthermore, the introduced epitope was recognized by a human anti-HIV-1 gp41 (2F5) antibody using both live and heat-killed EcN-MPER, and this antigenicity was also retained over 30 passages. Whole-cell dot blot suggested a stronger binding of anti-HIV-1 gp41 (2F5) to heat-killed EcN-MPER than their live counterpart. An outer membrane vesicle (OMV) - rich extract from EcN-MPER culture supernatant was equally antigenic to anti-HIV-1 gp41 antibody which suggests that the MPER antigen could be harboured in EcN-MPER OMVs. Using quantitative ELISA, we determined the amount of MPER produced by the modified EcN to be 14.3 µg/108 cfu.

    CONCLUSIONS: The CRISPR/Cas9 technology was an effective method for establishment of recombinant EcN-MPER bacteria that was stable over many passages. The developed EcN-MPER clone was devoid of extraneous plasmids and antibiotic resistance genes which eliminates the risk of plasmid transfer to animal hosts, should this clone be used as a vaccine. Also, the EcN-MPER clone was recognised by anti-HIV-1 gp41 (2F5) both as live and heat-killed bacteria making it suitable for pre-clinical evaluation. Expression of OmpF on bacterial surfaces and released OMVs identifies it as a compelling candidate for recombinant epitope modification, enabling surface epitope presentation on both bacteria and OMVs. By applying the methods described in this study, we present a potential platform for cost-effective and rational vaccine antigen expression and administration, offering promising prospects for further research in the field of vaccine development.

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  • Strittmatter, Anna-Maria
    et al.
    Inland University of Applied Science, Norway.
    Løvold Syversen, Trine
    Inland University of Applied Science, Norway.
    Nordhagen, Svein Erik
    Inland University of Applied Science, Norway.
    Sport Event Policy2023In: The Routledge Encyclopedia of Sport Studies / [ed] Vassil Girginov; Milena Parent, Routledge, 2023Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sport event policy refers to a) the public policy on hosting sporting events and b) the policies and strategies of sport governing bodies connected to sporting events. Sport event policies represent the formalisation of administrative procedures involving using public funding as annual budgets for sport events. The importance of governmental authorities and their policies play a major role for winning the bid of major sporting events with close relations with local authorities and sport organisations. The phase with the greatest policy focus in events is the bidding process, where the main goal is to win the bid and obtain rights from an event owner for hosting the event. State sport policy goals connected to hosting events are defined in such a way that the hosting of sport events creates benefits and thus serves broader sport-directed goals in the host city, region, and country. The content of the sport event hosting policies is tightly connected to and/or formulated within the state sport policy and to the concept of legacy. Not all countries have dedicated or formal sport event hosting policies. Sport event hosting policy content is often included in elite sport policies and in the elite sport strategies of national sport governing bodies. The event policies and strategies that national and local sport organisations formulate are also concerned with competency building in hosting sport events as well as the recruitment of volunteers and members and to increase sport participation. As policy goals are formulated to be fulfilled, sport events are politically required to deliver policy outcomes. However, the actions of event organisers and sport organisations often do not comply with their goals and the sport event hosting policies that the government has formulated.

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  • Crichton-Fock, Anders P. F.
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Hospitality, Culinary Arts & Meal Science.
    Spence, Charles
    Crossmodal Research Laboratory, Department of Experimental Psychology, Oxford University, Oxford, UK.
    The imitation game – exploring the double-grip analysis for creating analog wines2024In: Journal of Wine Research, ISSN 0957-1264, E-ISSN 1469-9672, p. 1-21Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this pilot study, we investigated the use of the Double-Grip Analysis method as a tool to create analogue wines. The study involved four groups of sommeliers using the method to identify critical analytical and analogical attributes in four commercial wines. The basis of communication with this method is via the use of analogies, metaphors, and practical examples that emerge during the analysis and the dialogue. An overmatured rosé winewith mature flavours and low acidity served as the base for all groups when replicating the commercial counterparts making analogue wines. Atfirst, the study aimed to assess the sommeliers’ ability to use this method in blending and wine production. In addition, the study explored the acceptability of these analogue wines, as they aim to  eplicate sensory characteristics of commercial counterparts, providing environmentally friendly alternatives. A panel of 20 consumers evaluated the quality of the wines as guests at a blind tasting dinner. The results help to shedl ight on the effectiveness of the Double-Grip Analysis Method, while at the same time providing insights into the acceptability of these analogue products amongst consumers. This research contributes to the field of culinary exploration and sustainable alternatives in the wine industry.

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    The imitation game – exploring the double-grip analysis for creating analog wines
  • Timpf, Sabine
    et al.
    Geoinformatics Group, University of Augsburg, Germany.
    Klügl, Franziska
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Modelling Affordances as Emergent Phenomena (Short Paper)2023In: 12th International Conference on Geographic Information Science (GIScience 2023) / [ed] Roger Beecham; Jed A. Long; Dianna Smith; Qunshan Zhao; Sarah Wise, Schloss Dagstuhl, Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik , 2023, p. 72:1-72:6Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Affordances are an important basis for many human-environment interactions such as navigation or geo-design. In this short paper we present an approach to modelling affordances based on treating affordances as emergent phenomena in an agent-based simulation. We use the notion of an affordance schema to represent the setting in which the emergence of an affordance is made possible. We use a case study to show that (unexpected) affordances emerge during the course of the simulation. While the general approach is promising and may be used for other emergent phenomena such as landmarks, we also acknowledge and discuss the problems incurred during the modelling process. The paper closes with a reflection and some ideas for future work.

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    Modelling Affordances as Emergent Phenomena
  • Gutiérrez Maestro, Eduardo
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Banaee, Hadi
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Loutfi, Amy
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Stress Lingers: Recognizing the Impact of Task Order on Design of Stress and Emotion Detection Systems2023Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the significance of the priming effect in designing and developing models for recognizing of affective states. Using a public dataset, often considered a benchmark in automatic stress recognition, the significance of the priming effect is explicated. Two experimental setups confirm the importance of task ordering in this problem. The results demonstrate the statistical significance of the model's confusion when the subject has previously experienced stress and illustrate the importance for the Affective Computing community to develop methods to mitigate the priming effect where the order of tasks impacts how data should be modelled. 

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    Stress Lingers: Recognizing the Impact of Task Order on Design of Stress and Emotion Detection Systems
  • Oertelt-Prigione, Sabine
    et al.
    Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, The Netherlands; Bielefeld University, Bielefeld, Germany.
    Andersen, Jens Peter
    Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark.
    Squazzoni, Flaminio
    University of Milan, Milan, Italy.
    Husu, Liisa
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences. Hanken School of Economics, Helsinki, Finland.
    Belloso, María López
    University of Deusto, Bilbo, Spain.
    Lerchenmueller, Marc J.
    University of Mannheim, Mannheim, Germany; Leibniz Center for European Economic Research, Mannheim, Germany.
    Forman-Rabinovici, Aliza
    Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel; Occidental College, Los Angeles, USA.
    França, Thais
    CIES-Iscte, Instituto Universitário de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal.
    Fodor, Éva
    Central European University, Vienna, Austria.
    Pisacane, Lucio
    Italian National Research Council, Italy.
    Wenham, Clare
    London School of Economics and Political Science, London, UK.
    Bywater, Marion
    Bycon Associates, Brussels, Belgium.
    COVID-19 impact on gender equality in research & innovation – Policy report: Independent expert report2023Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This report presents the findings of the European Commission’s Expert Group on the COVID-19 impact on gender equality in Research and Innovation (R&I). The report highlights in particular the pandemic’s gendered impact on academic productivity, early career researchers, and work-life balance. It investigates institutional responses and aims to bring forward unseen and marginalised experiences in academia. The recommendations are intended for R&I policymakers at national and EU-level, research funding organisations and research performing organisations. They present an opportunity for Member States and R&I organisations to apply the lessons learnt from the pandemic to the development of inclusive gender equality policies in the European Research Area (ERA).

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    COVID-19 impact on gender equality in research & innovation – Policy report
  • Zhu, Yufei
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Rudenko, Andrey
    Bosch Corporate Research, Robert Bosch GmbH, Stuttgart, Germany.
    Kucner, Tomasz
    Finnish Center for Artificial Intelligence, School of Electrical Engineering, Aalto University, Finland.
    Palmieri, Luigi
    Bosch Corporate Research, Robert Bosch GmbH, Stuttgart, Germany.
    Arras, Kai
    Bosch Corporate Research, Robert Bosch GmbH, Stuttgart, Germany.
    Lilienthal, Achim
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology. TU Munich, Germany.
    Magnusson, Martin
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    CLiFF-LHMP: Using Spatial Dynamics Patterns for Long-Term Human Motion Prediction2023In: 2023 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS), 01-05 October 2023, Detroit, MI, USA, IEEE, 2023, p. 3795-3802Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Human motion prediction is important for mobile service robots and intelligent vehicles to operate safely and smoothly around people. The more accurate predictions are, particularly over extended periods of time, the better a system can, e.g., assess collision risks and plan ahead. In this paper, we propose to exploit maps of dynamics (MoDs, a class of general representations of place-dependent spatial motion patterns, learned from prior observations) for long-term human motion prediction (LHMP). We present a new MoD-informed human motion prediction approach, named CLiFF-LHMP, which is data efficient, explainable, and insensitive to errors from an upstream tracking system. Our approach uses CLiFF -map, a specific MoD trained with human motion data recorded in the same environment. We bias a constant velocity prediction with samples from the CLiFF-map to generate multi-modal trajectory predictions. In two public datasets we show that this algorithm outperforms the state of the art for predictions over very extended periods of time, achieving 45 % more accurate prediction performance at 50s compared to the baseline.

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    CLiFF-LHMP: Using Spatial Dynamics Patterns for Long-Term Human Motion Prediction
  • Holgersen, Ståle
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Svar om krisernas tid2023In: Röda Rummet, ISSN 1403-3844, no 4, p. 12-14Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Jag gillar att skriva böcker, och ännu roligare är det att åka runt och prata om böckerna. Recensioner och feedback är kul, men inkluderar ett skräckinslag: det kan ju gå båda vägarna. Det allra roligaste är att diskutera en bok man har skrivit tillsammans med kamrater på ett öppet, kritisk och konstruktivt sätt. För att tillsammans komma vidare.

    Det var därför fantastisk att bli bjuden till Dyrön i mars 2023 och diskutera Krisernas tid tillsammans med Vanja Carlsson, Carl Cassegård, Lars Henriksson, Håkan Thörn, Evelina Johansson Wilén och Carl Wilén. Baserat på diskussionerna den helgen har Röda Rummet publicerat fyra kritiska kommentarer. Jag känner mig privilegierad. Detta är även väldigt bra timing. Krisernas tid ska publiceras på Verso Books hösten 2024, så kommentarerna har hjälpt mig att spetsa argumenten till den engelska utgåvan. TackDen här texten är alltså en kommentar till kommentarerna. Jag kan inte diskutera varenda detalj, men vill kort dryfta de centrala frågorna. Innan jag börjar vill jag bara kort precisera att Krisernas tid handlar om ekonomiska och ekologiska kriser under kapitalismen; om hur kapitalismen producerar kriser och hur krisernas reproducerar kapitalismen. Sedan diskuteras rätt många teman – som till exempel rasism, staten, geografi, fascism, nationalism — men enbart indirekt och i den mån detta är relevant för frågan om kriserna.

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    Svar om krisernas tid
  • Holgersen, Ståle
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Neither Productivism nor Degrowth: Thoughts on Eco-socialism2023In: Spectre Journal, ISSN 2692-6113Article in journal (Refereed)
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    Neither Productivism nor Degrowth: Thoughts on Eco-socialism
  • Foroughanfar, Laleh
    et al.
    Institute for Urban Studies at Malmö University, Malmö, Sweden.
    Holgersen, Ståle
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Kefala, Lenita
    Department of Ethnology, Gender studies and History of religion, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Kings, Lisa
    Södertörn University, Huddinge, Sweden.
    Kotze, Shelley
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Tahvilzadeh, Nazem
    Södertörn University, Huddinge, Sweden.
    Introduction2023In: Urban Matters, ISSN 2004-206X, no SeptemberArticle, review/survey (Refereed)
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    Introduction
  • Holgersen, Ståle
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Creative Destruction2023In: Dictionary of Ecological Economics: terms for the new millennium / [ed] Brent M. Haddad; Barry D. Solomon, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2023, p. 100-100Chapter in book (Refereed)
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    Creative Destruction
  • Blackwell, Timothy
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet.
    Holgersen, Ståle
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Polanska, Dominika V.
    Södertörns högskola.
    Richard, Åse
    Uppsala universitet.
    Rolf, Hannes
    Stockholms universitet.
    Wallstam, Maria
    Upp­sala universitet.
    Kris i bostadsfrågan: för en solidarisk bostadspolitik2023Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Under de senaste decennierna har fastighetsägare, byggbolag, banker och riskkapitalister tjänat enorma summor på bostäder, medan andra förlorat sina hem eller sett sina bostads kostnader öka kraftigt. Den sociala bostadspolitiken har övergivits, hemlösheten har ökat och bostadsstandarden har försämrats. Samtidigt har det finansiella systemet blivit centrerat kring en bolånespiral som har gjort hushållen och den svenska ekonomin otroligt sårbara.

    Sverige behöver ett nytt, socialt och klimatanpassat bostads system, men ett sådant kan bara åstadkommas genom radikala förändringar. Utifrån en gedigen genomgång av över hundra års svensk bostadshistoria analyserar "Kris i bostadsfrågan" orsakerna till och konsekvenserna av att bostadens bruksvärde helt har kommit att överskuggas av dess bytesvärde, och föreslår hur den pågående krisen - med radikala förändringar i politik, finans och byggande - skulle kunna demonteras och utgöra grunden för ett nytt bostadssystem, där alla människors behov av ett hem står i centrum.

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    Kris i bostadsfrågan
  • Noga, Aljosa
    Örebro University, School of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    The Risk of Intergenerational Decline of the Rule of Law as a Result of Adverse Climate Change2024In: Rule of Law in a Transitional Spectrum / [ed] Rigmor Argren, Iustus förlag, 2024, p. 143-176Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The rule of law risks gradual and intergenerational decline due to the negative impact on human rights that results from the international community’s failure to mitigate and adapt to adverse climate change. It is not uncommonly argued that the concept of the rule of law also includes a human rights dimension. How States impact human rights therefore also risks impacting the rule of law. Adverse climate change and insufficient State measures impact the real enjoyment of human rights and, by extension, eventually also the rule of law. That detrimental impact can travel across generations and increase over time. This is supported by contemporary case law and State practice from the area of climate change litigation.

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    The Risk of Intergenerational Decline of the Rule of Law as a Result of Adverse Climate Change
  • Sjödahl, Anna
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    The intersection of programming and mathematics in an educational context relevant to young students2023In: Proceedings of the Thirteenth Congress of the European Society for Research in Mathematics Education (CERME13) / [ed] Paul Drijvers; Csaba Csapodi; Hanna Palmér; Katalin Gosztonyi; Eszter Kónya, Alfréd Rényi Institute of Mathematics / ERME , 2023, p. 2184-2191Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is a lack of knowledge in research about the intersection between programming and mathematics in an educational context relevant to young students. This paper aims to contribute to the research field with a theoretical framework that captures this intersection. The intersection is explored by interpreting open programming tasks in a visual programming environment through the lens of Bishop’s six mathematical activities, resulting in a framework that shows how mathematical activities intersect with either a context-independent programming process or context-dependent programming processes.

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    The intersection of programming and mathematics in an educational context relevant to young students
  • Argren, Rigmor
    Örebro University, School of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences. Örebro University, BSR.
    Application of Article 18: Seeking to Uphold the Rule of Law under the ECHR2024In: Rule of Lawin a Transitional Spectrum / [ed] Rigmor Argren, Uppsala: Iustus förlag, 2024, 1, p. 215-236Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The rule of law, a fundamental principle of European democratic societies, ensures that laws are clear, consistent, and applied without arbitrariness. Should the respect for the rule of law begin to backslide, Article 18 of the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) is meant to function as a safety device. This chapter begins by tracing how the notion of the rule of law, not a justiciable right under the ECHR as such, has been conceptualised by the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) and positioned in relation to the said Treaty. Next, the chapter outlines the linkage between the rule of law and the notion of European public order. Thereafter, the potential power of Article 18 is explored in relation to the anticipated function of preventing a decline in the respect for the rule of law. Additionally, the chapter traces the history of applying Article 18 and indicates unclear areas that remain with regard to the use of this provision. Furthermore, the chapter highlights the pros and cons of the contextual references increasingly relied on by the ECtHR in Article 18 judgments.

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    Application of Article 18: Seeking to Uphold the Rule of Law under the ECHR
  • Coder Gylling, Kira
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Cut-off and coordinated survey sampling2023Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The problem of estimation from a sample is well known and its solutions are the foundation for the sample surveys conducted at e.g. national statistical institutes. This dissertation looks at the estimation problem from the perspective of business survey methodology. The focus is on two types of survey sampling: Cut-off sampling and coordinated sampling. We introduce and evaluate new method for estimation in cut-off sampling as well as a tool for drawing coordinated samples in the R programming language.

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  • Baccini, Leonardo
    et al.
    Department of Political Science, McGill University, Montreal Québec, Canada.
    Lodefalk, Magnus
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business. Ratio; GLO.
    Sabolová, Radka
    Department of Economics, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
    Economic Determinants of Attitudes Toward Migration: Firm-level Evidence from Europe2024In: International Organization, ISSN 0020-8183, E-ISSN 1531-5088, p. 1-36Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    What are the distributional consequences of migration, and how do they affect attitudes toward migration? In this paper we leverage a natural experiment generated by the ousting of former Libyan dictator Muammar Gaddafi, which created an unprecedented influx of economic migrants from African countries to Europe. This surge of low-skilled labor benefited low-productivity firms by lowering their production costs and expanding their labor supply. Employing a triple difference-in-differences design, we document that attitudes toward migration became more positive in Western European regions with large shares of migrants and low-productivity firms. Evidence from Sweden, which provides finely grained geographical data, confirms these findings. We then test the economic microfoundations of this attitudinal shift. We show that the surge in the supply of low-skilled labor increased the profitability of low-productivity firms more in areas that experienced larger migration flows. We find no evidence that migration worsened natives’ labor market conditions.

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    Economic Determinants of Attitudes Toward Migration: Firm-level Evidence from Europe
  • Myhre, Sonja Lynn
    et al.
    Norwegian Institute of Public Health (NIPH), Oslo, Norway.
    Scobie, Michelle
    Institute of International Relations, The University of the West Indies St. Augustine, St. Augustine, Trinidad and Tobago.
    Meriläinen, Eija
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences. Hanken School of Economics, Helsinki, Finland; Institute for Risk and Disaster Reduction and Institute for Global Health, University College London, London, United Kingdom.
    Kelman, Ilan
    Institute for Risk and Disaster Reduction and Institute for Global Health, University College London, London, United Kingdom; Department of Global Development and Planning, University of Agder, Kristiansand, Norway.
    Gopinathan, Unni
    Norwegian Institute of Public Health (NIPH), Oslo, Norway.
    Climate Change, Community Action, and Health in the Anglophone Caribbean: A Scoping Review2024In: Public Health Reviews, ISSN 0301-0422, E-ISSN 2107-6952, Vol. 44, article id 1605843Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: This scoping review investigates the status of research focusing on the nexu of community action, climate change, and health and wellbeing in anglophone Caribbean Small Island Developing States (SIDS).

    Methods: This review was guided by Arksey and O’Malley framework and utilized the PRISMA-ScR checklist. We searched Medline/OVID, PsychInfo, VHL, Sociological Abstracts, Google Scholar, and Scopus to capture interdisciplinary studies published from 1946 to 2021.

    Results: The search yielded 3,828 records of which fourteen studies met the eligibility criteria. The analysis assessed study aim, geographic focus, community stakeholders, community action, climate perspective, health impact, as well as dimensions including resources/assets, education/information, organization and governance, innovation and flexibility, and efficacy and agency. Nearly all studies were case studies using mixed method approaches involving qualitative and quantitative data. Community groups organized around focal areas related to fishing, farming, food security, conservation, and the environment.

    Conclusion: Despite the bearing these areas have on public health, few studies explicitly examine direct links between health and climate change. Research dedicated to the nexus of community action, climate change, and health in the anglophone Caribbean warrants further study.

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    Climate Change, Community Action, and Health in the Anglophone Caribbean: A Scoping Review
  • Sataøen, Hogne L.
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences. Media and Communication Studies.
    Østgaard Skotnes, Ruth
    Department of Safety, Economics and Planning, Faculty of Science and Technology, University of Stavanger, Stavanger, Norway.
    Hansen, Kåre
    NORCE Research, Bergen, Norway.
    Eriksson, Mats
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences. Media and Communication Studies.
    Municipal risk communication challenges in the Nordic context: Organizing risk ownership2024In: Risk, Hazards & Crisis in Public Policy, ISSN 1944-4079, E-ISSN 1944-4079Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    At a time when disasters, pandemics, pollution, and other crises gain prominence, local governments bear a crucial responsibility for effective risk communication. Yet, there remains a gap in our understanding of how municipalities approach risk communication before a crisis occurs. This qualitative study, involving seven focus groups and 29 semistructured interviews across two Nordic countries, raises questions about ownership of municipal risk communication: What challenges do municipalities face in managing ownership in risk communication? How does the organization of communication influence municipal risk communication? The results underscore three key considerations: First, there is a critical need for municipalities to engage in definitional clarification of risk and crisis communication. Establishing a shared understanding is paramount for effective communication strategies. Second, reframing uncertainty in municipal risk communication ownership as an opportunity is suggested. Embracing the inherent uncertainties and dependencies can offer a valuable perspective. Lastly, recognizing the underappreciation of risk communication emphasizes the imperative for municipal decision makers to address resource allocation issues. This involves ensuring that communication professionals have the confidence and resources needed, vis-à-vis other functions involved in risk management.

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    Municipal risk communication challenges in the Nordic context: Organizing risk ownership
  • Gugliermo, Simona
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology. Intelligent Transport Systems, Scania CV AB, Södertälje, Sweden.
    Learning Planning Domains for Intelligent Transport Systems2023Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This short paper presents an ongoing industrial PhD project focused on learning domain models in the transportation industry. We seek to develop a two-phase learning process that leverages Behavior Trees to involve human planning experts in the learning loop. In this paper, we outline our research questions, discuss the initial steps we have taken in our research, and highlight the challenges we expect to face moving forward.

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    Learning Planning Domains for Intelligent Transport Systems
  • Gugliermo, Simona
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology. Intelligent Transport Systems, Scania CV AB, Södertälje, Sweden.
    Schaffernicht, Erik
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Koniaris, Christos
    Intelligent Transport Systems, Scania CV AB, Södertälje, Sweden.
    Saffiotti, Alessandro
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Extracting Planning Domains from Execution Traces: a Progress Report2023Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    One of the difficulties of using AI planners in industrial applications pertains to the complexity of writing planning domain models. These models are typically constructed by domain planning experts and can become increasingly difficult to codify for large applications. In this paper, we describe our ongoing research on a novel approach to automatically learn planning domains from previously executed traces using Behavior Trees as an intermediate human-readable structure. By involving human planning experts in the learning phase, our approach can benefit from their validation. This paper outlines the initial steps we have taken in this research, and presents the challenges we face in the future.

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    Extracting Planning Domains from Execution Traces: a Progress Report
  • De Smet, Lennert
    et al.
    Department of Computer Science, KU Leuven, Belgium.
    Zuidberg dos Martires, Pedro
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Manhaeve, Robin
    Department of Computer Science, KU Leuven, Belgium.
    Marra, Giuseppe
    Department of Computer Science, KU Leuven, Belgium.
    Kimmig, Angelika
    Department of Computer Science, KU Leuven, Belgium.
    De Raedt, Luc
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology. Department of Computer Science, KU Leuven, Belgium.
    Neural Probabilistic Logic Programming in Discrete-Continuous Domains2023In: Proceedings of the Thirty-Ninth Conference on Uncertainty in Artificial Intelligence / [ed] Robin J. Evans; Ilya Shpitser, JMLR , 2023, p. 529-538Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Neural-symbolic AI (NeSy) allows neural net-works to exploit symbolic background knowledge in the form of logic. It has been shown to aid learning in the limited data regime and to facilitate inference on out-of-distribution data. Probabilistic NeSy focuses on integrating neural networks with both logic and probability theory, which additionally allows learning under uncertainty. A major limitation of current probabilistic NeSy systems, such as DeepProbLog, is their restriction to finite probability distributions, i.e., discrete random variables. In contrast, deep probabilistic programming (DPP) excels in modelling and optimising continuous probability distributions. Hence, we introduce DeepSeaProbLog, a neural probabilistic logic programming language that incorporates DPP techniques into NeSy. Doing so results in the support of inference and learning of both discrete and continuous probability distributions under logical constraints. Our main contributions are 1) the semantics of DeepSeaProbLog and its corresponding inference algorithm, 2) a proven asymptotically unbiased learning algorithm, and 3) a series of experiments that illustrate the versatility of our approach.

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    Neural Probabilistic Logic Programming in Discrete-Continuous Domains
  • De Smet, Lennert
    et al.
    Department of Computer Science, KU Leuven, Belgium.
    Sansone, Emanuele
    Department of Computer Science, KU Leuven, Belgium.
    Zuidberg dos Martires, Pedro
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Differentiable Sampling of Categorical Distributions Using the CatLog-Derivative Trick2023In: Proceedings of the Conference on Neural Information Processing Systems, Neural Information Processing Systems Foundation Inc. , 2023Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Categorical random variables can faithfully represent the discrete and uncertain aspects of data as part of a discrete latent variable model. Learning in such models necessitates taking gradients with respect to the parameters of the categorical probability distributions, which is often intractable due to their combinatorial nature. A popular technique to estimate these otherwise intractable gradients is the Log-Derivative trick. This trick forms the basis of the well-known REINFORCE gradient estimator and its many extensions. While the Log-Derivative trick allows us to differentiate through samples drawn from categorical distributions, it does not take into account the discrete nature of the distribution itself. Our first contribution addresses this shortcoming by introducing the CatLog-Derivative trick– a variation of the Log-Derivative trick tailored towards categorical distributions. Secondly, we use the CatLog-Derivative trick to introduce IndeCateR, a novel and unbiased gradient estimator for the important case of products of independent categorical distributions with provably lower variance than REINFORCE. Thirdly, we empirically show that IndeCateR can be efficiently implemented and that its gradient estimates have significantly lower bias and variance for the same number of samples compared to the state of the art.

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    Differentiable Sampling of Categorical Distributions Using the CatLog-Derivative Trick
  • Olausson, Ulrika
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Deep sustainability as care: A nondual approach to environmental communication2024In: Environmental Communication: A Journal of Nature and Culture, ISSN 1752-4032, E-ISSN 1752-4040Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This essay suggests the concept of “deep sustainability” as a philosophical orientation for environmental communication scholars to address not only the empirical but also the ethical and ontological questions associated with sustainability. Drawing on the thoughts of deep ecology and founded in a nondual ontology with origins in perennial wisdom, it argues that in order to create a counterculture to the uncaring neoliberal order, there is a need to substantially increase awareness of the devastating implications of the dualistic discourse inherent to this order. What is required is a new and radically different worldview of “interbeing,” rooted in lived experience of the interconnectedness – oneness – of all life. Extending research in the study of sustainability discourse, this essay contends that it is only when our identity in-group becomes all-inclusive, that is, when duality dissolves, that caring for all beings, be they humans, trees, animals, or other lifeforms, comes effortlessly and with deep – lasting – sustainability as the natural result.

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    Deep Sustainability as Care: A Nondual Approach to Environmental Communication
  • Bergwall, Andreas
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Students’ arguments about the growth of a two-variable function2023In: Proceedings of the Thirteenth Congress of the European Society for Research in Mathematics Education (CERME13) / [ed] Paul Drijvers; Csaba Csapodi; Hanna Palmér; Katalin Gosztonyi; Eszter Kónya, Alfréd Rényi Institute of Mathematics / ERME , 2023, p. 2275-2282Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Calculus is a central part of the curriculum for tertiary educations in mathematics, science, and technology. At its core lies the concept of derivative, which is known to be problematic for many students. As the corresponding multi-variable concepts of partial derivative, gradient, and directional derivative are not mathematically equivalent, it is essential for students to learn their relations and what they represent geometrically. In this paper, 20 students’ written solutions to an exam problem about the growth of a two-variable function are studied. The warrants they present for their claims are characterized in terms of which representations, concepts, connections, and calculations they use. The findings indicate that students who solve the problem by calculation of directional derivatives are less explicit with their warrants than students who rely on properties of the gradient vector. While the first group only uses algebraic representations, the second combines algebraic and graphical representations.

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    Students’ arguments about the growth of a two-variable function
  • Lauk, Epp
    et al.
    Institute of Social Studies, University of Tartu, Estonia; Department of Public Communications, Vytautas Magnus University, Lithuania.
    Berglez, Peter
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Can Media Enhance Deliberative Democracy? Exploring Media Monitoring Capabilities in 14 EU‐Countries2024In: Media and Communication, E-ISSN 2183-2439, Vol. 12, p. 1-6, article id 7888Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The editorial introduces the topic of this thematic issue, which is the important role of society’s media monitoring capabilities, i.e., to produce information about what media “do” to society, and more precisely for democratic development both the here and the now and in the longer term. The theoretical and methodological aspects of the thematic issue are presented according to the approach of an EU‐funded project Mediadelcom, which aims to explain interconnections between the news media transformations and the risks and opportunities for deliberative communication. One of the stages of the project investigates media monitoring capabilities in different countries. The eight articles introduced in the editorial contribute to deepening the perspectives on the capabilities of media monitoring in the 21st century, and to understanding their function in detecting potential risks and opportunities for democratic public deliberation.

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    Can Media Enhance Deliberative Democracy? Exploring Media Monitoring Capabilities in 14 EU‐Countries
  • Tyni, Kristiina
    et al.
    Department of Psychology, Linnaeus University, Växjö, Sweden.
    Wurm, Matilda
    Örebro University, School of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Nordström, Thomas
    Department of Psychology, Linnaeus University, Växjö, Sweden.
    Bratt, Anna Sofia
    Department of Psychology, Linnaeus University, Växjö, Sweden.
    A systematic review and qualitative research synthesis of the lived experiences and coping of transgender and gender diverse youth 18 years or younger2024In: International Journal of Transgender Health, ISSN 2689-5269, p. 1-37Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Research on the daily experiences of transgender and gender diverse (TGD) youth 18 years or younger is limited, making it essential to gain a comprehensive understanding of their internal and external experiences related to gender identity.

    Aim: This systematic review and qualitative research synthesis fills this research gap by examining the lived experiences and coping of TGD youth, including prepubertal children.

    Methods: The review was pre-registered according to PROSPERO on the Open Science Framework and followed the ENTREQ reporting guidelines. A Qualitative research synthesis, according to Howell Major and Savin-Baden, was conducted.

    Results: Seventeen peer-reviewed articles published between 2000 and 2023 fulfilled inclusion criteria and quality assessment. Synthesized themes were: (1) “Navigating gender identity”, with two sub-themes, Meaning-making and Considering visibility (2) “Navigating relations”, with four sub-themes: Longing for belonging, Supportive actions, Lack of safety and Coping inside out (3) “Navigating society with two sub-themes Inclusion and exclusion and Beyond control. Our findings demonstrate that TGD youth view gender identity as fluid and benefit from a supportive environment that facilitates genuine exploration. Coping strategies develop intricately, influenced by multifaceted factors.

    Discussion: Unlike previous research on the negative effects of minority stress, our review underscores the cumulative impact of subtle daily stressors on TGD youth’s well-being, highlighting the significance of an environment where gender is not a constant concern. By shedding light on these dynamics, this synthesis contributes to a comprehensive understanding of TGD youth’s perspectives for professionals and a broader audience.

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    A systematic review and qualitative research synthesis of the lived experiences and coping of transgender and gender diverse youth 18 years or younger
  • Henriksson, Malin
    et al.
    VTI, Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, Mobilitet, aktörer och planering, MAP.
    Joelsson, Tanja
    Stockholms universitet, Sverige.
    Balkmar, Dag
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Familjers vardagsmobilitet i ”socialt utsatta områden”: Konsekvenser för välfärd, rättvisa och hållbarhet2024Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This report describes the everyday mobility of families in relation to injustice. It is based on the findings from a research project that investigates the everyday mobility of families in socially vulnerable areas in three medium-sized Swedish cities. The study includes individuals from 31 families. Qualitative methods have been applied. The report describes experiences of families who usually do not participate in research and makes visible a part of everyday life that is otherwise invisible, both in research and in the public discussion about everyday mobility.

    The analysis shows that many families have busy everyday lives with tight margins. They live in areas with proximity to community services and have access to various modes of transport. Experiences of crime and violence creates feelings of insecurity. Next to walking, the bus is the most common means of transport where everyday obligations lead to burdensome trips for adults, especially for mothers. High prices limit the possibility of traveling by bus, especially for young people. The car is central to many families because it enables quick journeys and is a way to exercise care. Several households lack a car, and women in particular lack a driver's license. Although there are individuals who cycle, there are many barriers to cycling, such as lack of access to bikes and poor cycling skills, especially for women.

    Measures that can strengthen families' everyday mobility must be related to the socio-economic and material limitations that exist in socially vulnerable areas. It is important that urban planning relieve the burdens that families experience and create infrastructures that support care. To steer towards mobility justice, measures are needed that make it possible for well-off groups to travel sustainably, while groups that experience a lack of accessibility can be strengthened.

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    Familjers vardagsmobilitet i ”socialt utsatta områden”: Konsekvenser för välfärd, rättvisa och hållbarhet
  • Ekholm, Elin
    Örebro University, School of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Painful Sex in Context: Understanding Vulvodynia from a Relational Perspective2024Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Vulvodynia is a multifactorial persistent pain condition, characterized by pain in the vulva upon touch or pressure. It negatively impacts sexual function, satisfaction, and relational wellbeing. Relational factors have been indicated as integral to the understanding and outcomes of vulvodynia. The overall aim of this dissertation was to further the understanding of women’s pain-related behaviors in relation to the dyadic and normative contexts of vulvodynia.

    Using a person-oriented approach, study I explored links between coping behaviors, i.e., avoidance and endurance on the one hand, and on the other, relational and pain catastrophizing, perceived partner responses, and motivational goals, in a sample of 128 women with vulvodynia. Study II explored the significance of normative context for the experience of vulvodynia by qualitatively investigating subjective experiences of five women living with dyspareunia in a queer relationship. Using behavioral observation and self-report, study III investigated patterns of sexual communication quality in heterosexual vulvodynia couples (n = 25) as compared to couples without pain (n = 37), and assessed potential associations with pain, self-disclosure, and sexual assertiveness.

    The findings from the three studies together highlight the significance of the normative context and relational factors such as the emotional quality of sexual communication and women’s relational cognitions, for women’s pain-related experiences and coping behaviors. A new theoretical model, the Interpersonal Pain Coping Model of Vulvodynia, is proposed as a way of integrating contextual factors such as partner behaviors and sexual scripts into the understanding of women’s behavioral response to vulvodynia.

    List of papers
    1. Coping with Provoked Vestibulodynia in a Relational Context: A Cluster Analysis of Coping Patterns and Their Associations with Relational Cognitions and Goals
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Coping with Provoked Vestibulodynia in a Relational Context: A Cluster Analysis of Coping Patterns and Their Associations with Relational Cognitions and Goals
    (English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    National Category
    Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-111216 (URN)
    Available from: 2024-01-30 Created: 2024-01-30 Last updated: 2024-01-30Bibliographically approved
    2. "A lot to fall back on": experiences of dyspareunia among queer women
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>"A lot to fall back on": experiences of dyspareunia among queer women
    Show others...
    2022 (English)In: Psychology & Sexuality, ISSN 1941-9899, E-ISSN 1941-9902, Vol. 13, no 5, p. 1242-1255Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores the subjective experiences of dyspareunia among queer women in Sweden. Ten semi-structured, in-depth interviews were conducted with five participants who were all interviewed on two separate occasions. Interviews were analysed using thematic analysis. Dyspareunia was described as affecting the participants' sexual activities, intimate relationships, and identity constructs. Reported struggles involved feelings of sadness, guilt, frustration, and fear of pain. Dyspareunia was described as threatening the participants' queer identities through its effect on their ability to be sexual in idealised ways. However, queer experiences and communities were also found to be associated with advantages in pain management, such as well-developed sexual communication skills, anatomic similarity to their partner, access to non-heteronormative sexual scripts and a focus on nurturing desire. Queer related advantages in pain management are proposed to buffer to some extent against pain interference with sexual function and desire. Findings indicate that it is important to consider the unique relational and social context of queer women to understand their experiences of dyspareunia. More research is needed on the role of differences of normativities, context and communication in dyspareunia.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Routledge, 2022
    Keywords
    Dyspareunia, vulvodynia, female genital pain, sexual communication, queer, lesbian
    National Category
    Psychology
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-95715 (URN)10.1080/19419899.2021.2007988 (DOI)000721745500001 ()2-s2.0-85119829599 (Scopus ID)
    Available from: 2021-12-03 Created: 2021-12-03 Last updated: 2024-01-30Bibliographically approved
    3. Sexual communication patterns in couples with vulvodynia: a case-control behavioral observation study
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sexual communication patterns in couples with vulvodynia: a case-control behavioral observation study
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    2023 (English)In: Journal of Sexual Medicine, ISSN 1743-6095, E-ISSN 1743-6109, Vol. 20, no 8, p. 1103-1114Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Sexual communication is a common target in psychological treatments for vulvodynia, and associations with sexual function and distress, as well as pain intensity, have been demonstrated. However, structured observations of the communication patterns of couples with vulvodynia are lacking, as these are needed to guide treatment efforts.

    AIM: To explore (1) the sexual communication patterns in couples with vulvodynia in terms of observed communication quality (operationalized as validating and invalidating responses), self-reported sexual assertiveness, and self-disclosure and (2) associations between sexual communication quality and pain intensity.

    METHODS: In a case-control design with within- and between-group comparisons, 62 couples engaged in videotaped discussions about their sexual relationship. Trained coders assessed the discussions by rating sexual communication (validation and invalidation) according to a structured behavioral coding scheme. Group differences in sexual communication quality were examined with parametric and nonparametric tests. Dyadic associations among observed communication quality, self-rated sexual assertiveness, and self-disclosure were examined within the actor-partner interdependence model. Multiple regression was used to test the predictive value of partners' validation/invalidation on the pain intensity of the women with vulvodynia.

    OUTCOMES: Observed communication quality (ie, validation and invalidation), self-reported sexual assertiveness, self-disclosure, and pain intensity.

    RESULTS: Partners of women with vulvodynia were more invalidating toward their partners than those of women without pain. There were no significant differences in validating/invalidating communication between women in the 2 groups or in validation between partners. Partners' validating communication were significantly associated with women's lower pain intensity. The sexual communication patterns differed between couples with and without vulvodynia, and the associations between validating/invalidating responses and sexual assertiveness were stronger in the vulvodynia group than in the group without pain. Results on validation/invalidation and self-disclosure were inconclusive.

    CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: The results indicate a need to direct treatment interventions toward couples' sexual communication quality (ie, levels of validation and invalidation).

    STRENGTHS AND LIMITATIONS: Strengths include systematic behavioral coding and dyadic analyses. Limitations include the cross-sectional design and self-selection of participants.

    CONCLUSION: This study demonstrated sexual communication patterns specific to couples with vulvodynia, and we conclude that validation and invalidation are important components of the sexual communication of couples with vulvodynia as they relate to sexual assertiveness, women's self-disclosure, and pain intensity.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Elsevier, 2023
    Keywords
    APIM, couples, emotion regulation, empathy, genital pain, responsiveness, sexual assertiveness, sexual communication, vulvodynia
    National Category
    Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Medicine
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-106573 (URN)10.1093/jsxmed/qdad085 (DOI)001029451900001 ()37350134 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85166383868 (Scopus ID)
    Available from: 2023-06-26 Created: 2023-06-26 Last updated: 2024-01-30Bibliographically approved
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    Painful Sex in Context: Understanding Vulvodynia from a Relational Perspective
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  • Bergh, Andreas
    et al.
    Department of Education, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Forsberg, Eva
    Department of Education, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Differentiation of education through juridification2023In: Journal of Curriculum Studies, ISSN 0022-0272, E-ISSN 1366-5839, p. 1-14Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this article is to explore differentiation of education through juridification. We examine changes in school governing, including trends towards globalization and marketization, as well as increased regulatory intervention in addressing complex social problems. Drawing on Luhmann’s theory of functional differentiation and Teubner’s problematization of juridification, we scrutinize three sets of distinct legislative regulations in a Swedish context. We uncover a multifaceted juridification alongside a multifunctional school organization nested in a complex web of differentiated and interconnected subsystems. Traditional forms of differentiation persist, albeit with juridification as a lever, thus sparking renewed tensions.

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    Differentiation of education through juridification
  • Geidne, Susanna
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Ericson, Helena
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Quennerstedt, Mikael
    Gymnastik och Idrottshögskolan (GIH), Stockholm; Høgskolan i Innlandet, Norge.
    Idrottsföreningen som hälsofrämjande arena: Från fysisk aktivitet till hållbart idrottande - en fråga om hur!2023In: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 100, no 4, p. 589-600Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    I årtionden har begreppen folkhälsa, hälsa och hälsofrämjande använts i relation till idrott på många sätt i såväl praktik, forskning som i policy. Att idrotten har någon slags betydelse för och koppling till folkhälsan torde vara helt klarlagt. Men hur kan vi förstå relationen eller kanske snarare relationerna mellan idrott och folkhälsa? Ett forskningsområde som tar tag i relationen idrott och folkhälsa och som också breddar vad relationen kan bestå av är forskningsfältet idrotten som hälsofrämjande arena (Health promoting sports clubs). I artikeln kommer vi därför att med utgångspunkt i forskning om idrotten som hälsofrämjande arena teoretisera relationen idrott - folkhälsa. Vi kommer därigenom diskutera och illustrera hur vi på fler än ett sätt kan öka förståelsen för idrotten som hälsofrämjande för så många som möjligt så länge som möjligt.

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    Idrottsföreningen som hälsofrämjande arena: Från fysisk aktivitet till hållbart idrottande – en fråga om hur!
  • Pauk, Viktoriia
    et al.
    National University of Kyiv-Mohyla Academy, Ukraine .
    Petrenko, Oksana
    National University of Kyiv-Mohyla Academy, Ukraine .
    Shchestyuk, Nataliya
    National University of Kyiv-Mohyla Academy, Ukraine .
    Two Approaches for Option Pricing under Illiquidity2022In: Mohyla Mathematical Journal, ISSN 2617-7080, Vol. 5, p. 38-45Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper focuses on option pricing under unusual behaviour of the market, when the price may not be changed for some time what is quite a common situation on the modern financial markets. There are some patterns that can cause permanent price gaps to form and lead to illiquidity. For example, global changes that have a negative impact on financial activity, or a small number of market participants, or the market is quite young and is just in the process of developing, etc.

    In the paper discrete and continuous time approaches for modelling market with illiquidity and evaluation option pricing were considered.Trinomial discrete time model improves upon the binomial model by allowing a stock price not only to move up, down but stay the same with certain probabilities, what is a desirable feature for the illiquid modelling. In the paper parameters for real financial data were identified and the backward induction algorithm for building call option price trinomial tree was applied.Subdiffusive continuous time model allows successfully apply the physical models for describing the trapping events to model financial data stagnation's periods. In this paper the Inverse Gaussian process IG was proposed as a subordinator for the subdiffusive modelling of illiquidity and option pricing. The simulation of the trajectories for subordinator, inverse subordinator and subdiffusive GBM were performed. The Monte Carlo method for option evaluation was applied.

    Our aim was not only to compare these two models each with other, but also to show that both models adequately describe the illiquid market and can be used for option pricing on this market. For this purpose absolute relative percentage (ARPE) and root mean squared error (RMSE) for both models were computed and analysed.

    Thanks to the proposed approaches, the investor gets a tools, which allows him to take into account the illiquidity.

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    Two Approaches for Option Pricing under Illiquidity
  • Adami, Elisabetta
    et al.
    University of Leeds, Leeds, UK.
    Archer, Arlene
    University of Cape Town, Rondebosch, South Africa.
    Björkvall, Anders
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Gualberto, Clarice
    Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil.
    Jewitt, Carey
    Culture Communication and Media, University College London, London, UK.
    Vasudevan, Lalitha
    Mathematics, Science, and Technology, Teachers College of Columbia University, New York NY, USA.
    Lim, Fei Victor
    Nanyang Technological University National Institute of Education, Singapore.
    Editorial multimodality and society2024In: Multimodality & Society, ISSN 2634-9795, E-ISSN 2634-9809Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This issue, the first of volume 4, marks the start of Multimodality & Society’s fourth year and provides a good moment to look across the past 3 years to review and reflect on the journal’s contribution to multimodality. Multimodality & Society aims to consolidate and advance multimodal theory, methodologies, and empirical understanding of interaction and communication. This editorial considers the collective contribution of the 12 issues published to date and points to how the journal can continue to push the boundaries of multimodality forward. We highlight the significance of the journal’s expansion of multimodal formats, and several directions embedded in the journal scope which we have advanced.

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    Editorial multimodality and society
  • Geidne, Susanna
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Could Interdisciplinary Research be a Way to Re-think the Organization of Volunteers?2023In: Journal of Interdisciplinary Sciences, E-ISSN 2594-3405, Vol. 7, no 2, p. 1-26Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Volunteering is a global phenomenon and different type of volunteers can be found in different types of organizations. Societal changes in how people volunteer and in how organizations use volunteers have made researchers call for a re-examining of organizing of volunteers. Therefore, this study aims to explore how different types of volunteering are organized in different types of organizations. The study uses an interdisciplinary research (IDR) approach with two perspectives, which in this paper are called Volunteer management (VM) and Volunteer coordination (VC). Four different Swedish organizations with different type of volunteers, two different types of sports organizations, one social organization and an entrepreneurial network are used as cases. The data consists of 18 interviews with project managers and volunteers. The data is analyzed in three IDR-inspired steps using both qualitative and quantitative analyses. This study reveals that understanding how to organize volunteering benefits from viewing volunteer organization in a proposed two-dimensional model. This model includes management strategies in different phases as well as relational perspectives and strikes a balance between organizational structure and climate. Merging research traditions can contribute to new knowledge in a changing society. Voluntary organizations need to work with everyday structures that allow them the flexibility to develop a sustainable volunteer organization by both managing and coordinating their volunteers.

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    Could Interdisciplinary Research be a Way to Re-think the Organization of Volunteers?
  • Fiedler, Heidelore
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    de Boer, Jacob
    Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam Institute for Life and Environment, Amsterdam, the Netherlands.
    Abad, Esteban
    CSIC, Institute of Environmental Assessment and Water Research, Laboratory of Dioxins, Barcelona, Spain.
    Persistent organic pollutants in air across the globe using a comparative passive air sampling method2024In: TrAC. Trends in analytical chemistry, ISSN 0165-9936, E-ISSN 1879-3142, Vol. 171, article id 117494Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    For the global monitoring plan (GMP) established under the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs), passive air samplers (PAS) equipped with polyurethane foam disks (PUFs) were recommended for generating comparative results on the presence of POPs in countries. One representative sampling location was designed in each of the 42 countries and the PAS/PUFs exposed for three months to collect POPs during 2017–2019. The PUFs were analyzed in three laboratories according to their chemical nature and concentrations reported per PUF and 90 ± 3 days of exposure. In total, 381 PUFs were analyzed for organochlorine pesticides (OCPs), industrial chlorinated POPs, dioxin-like POPs (dl-POPs), brominated flame retardants (BFRs), and perfluoroalkane substances (PFAS). Concentrations typically varied by a factor of up to three for a POP and often within the same geographic region or other denominator such as similar latitudes or altitudes. Maximum values were found for DDT (895 ng/PUF) in Africa, but the highest medium value was in the Latin American countries. Also, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB) and hexachlorobenzene (HCB) were most abundant across all parameters assessed. Noteworthy were high values in single countries, such as DDT in the Solomon Islands, toxaphene in Mexico, β-HCH and lindane in Tanzania, hexachlorobutadiene and hexabromocyclododecone in Mongolia, deca-BDE and PFOS in Zambia. Although we had two sampling locations at very high altitudes, >2000 m, we could determine increasing POPs concentrations with increasing altitudes only for HCB but not for other POPs. A general dependency on latitudes with higher concentrations towards the north and south pole could not be found, although the most northern station in Mongolia had two of the maxima and elevated values for some legacy POPs.

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    Persistent organic pollutants in air across the globe using a comparative passive air sampling method
  • Hearn, Jeff
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences. Hanken School of Economics, Helsinki, Finland; Sociology, University of Huddersfield, West Yorkshire, UK.
    de Boise, Sam
    Örebro University, School of Music, Theatre and Art.
    Goedecke, Klara
    Karlstad University, Karlstad, Sweden.
    Men and Masculinities: Structures, Practices, and Identities2023In: The Palgrave Handbook of Power, Gender, and Psychology / [ed] Eileen L. Zurbriggen; Rose Capdevila, Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, 2023, 1, p. 193-213Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter reviews empirical and theoretical work within critical studies on men and masculinities (CSMM), drawing on extensive empirical and theoretical studies relevant to psychology and social psychology. The chapter focuses on gender relations and power dynamics, social structures, intersectionality, bodies, practices, and identities, both individual and collective. The chapter first maps the key theoretical developments of CSMM, historically and conceptually, before moving to focus on two important contemporary issues: first, the development of more egalitarian masculinities, and, second, the explanations for various non-egalitarian masculinities, such those linked to incel and Alt-Right movements, both online and offline. 

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    Men and Masculinities: Structures, Practices, and Identities
  • Larsson, Caroline
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Fernberg, Ulrika (Creator)
    Örebro University, School of Medical Sciences.
    Johansson, Ina (Creator)
    Örebro University, School of Medical Sciences.
    Kumawat, Ashok Kumar (Creator)
    Örebro University, School of Medical Sciences.
    Marques, Tatiana M. (Creator)
    Örebro University, School of Medical Sciences.
    Söderman, Annika (Creator)
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Örebro University’s Nobel Day Festivities: Book of abstracts, 20232023Collection (editor) (Other academic)
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  • Norén, Paulina
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Measurement properties of the Swedish self-administered version of the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule 2.02023Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule 2.0 (WHODAS 2.0) is a leading patient-reported outcome measure of disability. However, patients' perspective of the WHODAS 2.0 self-administered Swedish version have not been sufficiently described. Similarly, knowledge of its construct validity in the general population is missing. This creates a gap because updated norm data to use as reference is also missing. The overall aim of this study was to establish evidence of the measurement properties of the self-administered Swedish version of the WHODAS 2.0.

    Both qualitative and quantitative methods were adopted. In Study I, interviews with patients (n = 12) with orthopaedic or psychiatric conditions were performed and data were analysed by deductive content analysis. In Study II, a cross-sectional general population survey (n = 3 482) was conducted, and statistical methods based on classical test theory were used in the data analysis.

    The results show that the items were well understood, acceptable and easy to answer by outpatients, with the exception of six items (Study I).The internal consistency reliability was good or excellent and the construct validity was overall acceptable, with partial support for the factor structure in the general populations (Study II).

    The self-administered Swedish 36-item version of the WHODAS 2.0 is comparable to other language versions of the instrument. Some of the previous known weaknesses of its construct validity in relation to the item content and insufficient instructions were confirmed. The evidence of overall good content and construct validity together with available norm data supports its use in clinical settings and research.

    List of papers
    1. The Swedish self-administered version of WHODAS 2.0: Content validity among patients with physical or mental health problems
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Swedish self-administered version of WHODAS 2.0: Content validity among patients with physical or mental health problems
    (English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    National Category
    Other Health Sciences
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-110555 (URN)
    Available from: 2023-12-29 Created: 2023-12-29 Last updated: 2023-12-29Bibliographically approved
    2. Psychometric evaluation of the WHODAS 2.0 and prevalence of disability in a Swedish general population
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Psychometric evaluation of the WHODAS 2.0 and prevalence of disability in a Swedish general population
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    2023 (English)In: Journal of patient-reported outcomes, E-ISSN 2509-8020, Vol. 7, no 1, article id 36Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule (WHODAS 2.0) is a generic questionnaire that captures health and disability-related functioning information corresponding to six major life domains: Cognition, Mobility, Self-care, Getting along, Life activities, and Participation. The WHODAS 2.0 is used in a wide range of international clinical and research settings. A psychometric evaluation of WHODAS 2.0, Swedish version, in the general population is lacking, together with national reference data to enable interpretation and comparison. This study aims to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Swedish 36-item version of WHODAS 2.0 and describe the prevalence of disability in a Swedish general population.

    METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was performed. Internal consistency reliability was assessed with Cronbach's alpha. The construct validity was evaluated with item-total correlation, Pearson's correlation between the WHODAS 2.0 domains and the RAND-36 subscales, analysis of known groups by one-way ANOVA, and analysis of the factor structure by confirmatory factor analysis.

    RESULTS: Three thousand four hundred and eighty two adults aged 19-103 years (response rate 43%) participated. Significantly higher degrees of disability were reported by the oldest age group (≥ 80 years), adults with a low level of education, and those on sick leave. Cronbach's alpha was from 0.84 to 0.95 for the domain scores and 0.97 for the total score. The item-scale convergent validity was satisfactory, and the item-scale discriminant validity was acceptable except for the item about sexual activity. The data partially supported the factor structure, with borderline fit indices.

    CONCLUSION: The psychometric properties of the self-administered Swedish 36-item version of the WHODAS 2.0 are comparable to those of other language versions of the instrument. Data of the prevalence of disability in Swedish general population enables normative comparisons of WHODAS 2.0 scores of individuals and groups within clinical practice. The instrument has certain limitations that could be improved on in a future revision. The test-retest reliability and responsiveness of the Swedish version of WHODAS 2.0 for different somatic patient populations remain to be evaluated.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Springer, 2023
    Keywords
    Disability evaluation, Health surveys, Patient-reported outcome measures, RAND-36, Reference values, Validity and reliability
    National Category
    Occupational Therapy
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-105444 (URN)10.1186/s41687-023-00580-0 (DOI)000963677200001 ()37020121 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85152640756 (Scopus ID)
    Funder
    Örebro UniversityRegion Örebro County, OLL-506801
    Available from: 2023-04-14 Created: 2023-04-14 Last updated: 2024-01-02Bibliographically approved
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  • Frih, Anna-Karin
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    The Girl in the Medicine: Gender, Youth and Illness in Sweden 1870-19302007In: "In the name of the child": The social and cultural history of children and youth, 2007Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This abstract explores the intersection of gender, youth, and illness in Sweden from 1870 to 1930, focusing on the medical discourse surrounding the health of girls. The study, conducted by Anna-Karin Frih from Örebro University, investigates the construction of concepts related to childhood and adolescence in scientific medicine during this period. The late nineteenth-century discussions highlighted concerns about the poor health of girls, particularly ailments like chlorosis, attributed to factors such as sex, heredity, and living conditions. The evolving gender order and societal transformations, including educational reforms and women's changing roles, influenced medical perspectives on girls' health.

    The thesis employs discourse analysis, examining medical texts, health studies, and case records from Swedish spas. The first part delves into the portrayal of the "sick girl" between 1870 and 1900, addressing debates on coeducation and the impact of schooling on children's health. It challenges the one-dimensional view of girls as weak and chlorotic, emphasizing a more diverse reality. The second part explores the shift towards the "new girl" from 1900 to 1930, revealing contrasting opinions within scientific and popular medicine. The decline of chlorosis is scrutinized, highlighting disparities in medical discourse regarding girls' health. The study concludes by emphasizing the importance of contextualizing gender and illness constructions, drawing parallels with contemporary debates on eating disorders and reflecting on the implications for present-day medical opinions. 

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    The Girl in the Medicine
  • Garcia-Argibay, Miguel
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Medical Sciences.
    Hiyoshi, Ayako
    Örebro University, School of Medical Sciences.
    Montgomery, Scott
    Örebro University, School of Medical Sciences.
    Association between dementia risk and ulcerative colitis, with and without colectomy: a Swedish population-based register study2023In: BMJ Open, E-ISSN 2044-6055, Vol. 13, no 12, article id e074110Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate the association of ulcerative colitis (UC) with all-cause dementia and assess differences in those with and without a total colectomy.

    DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: This Swedish prospective register-based study comprised 4.8 million individuals aged at least 59 years between 1964 and 2018 with the linkage of several Swedish national registers.

    PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOME MEASURES: Individuals with dementia were defined according to International Classification of Diseases diagnostic codes and Anatomical Therapeutic Classification codes for medication prescriptions. Fitting Cox hazards models, the risk of developing all-cause dementia in individuals with and without UC was estimated. Further, we compared the risk of all-cause dementia among those with and without a colectomy.

    RESULTS: Among 4 821 488 individuals (52.6% females) followed for 84.1 million person-years between 1964 and 2018, the incidence rate of all-cause dementia was 63.90 (63.73-64.07) events per 10 000 person-years in individuals without UC, 94.80 (92.04-97.64) among those with UC, 95.01 (92.25-97.86) in those with UC but without colectomy and 63.42 (40.92-98.31) in those with UC and a colectomy. Adjusted Cox models showed an increased all-cause dementia risk in individuals with UC (HR 1.07, 95% CI 1.04 to 1.10). We found no differences between unexposed individuals and those with UC and a colectomy (HR 0.89, 95% CI 0.57 to 1.38).

    CONCLUSION: The findings are consistent with previous evidence suggesting a slightly increased dementia risk among individuals with UC. This study provided no evidence of further risk increase of dementia among those who had a colectomy.

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  • Sunnergren, Ola
    et al.
    Öron-, näs- och halskliniken, Region Jönköpings län.
    Alm, Fredrik
    Anestesi- och intensivvårdskliniken, Universitetssjukhuset i Örebro.
    Axelsson, Sara
    Öron-, näs- och halskliniken, Helsingborgs lasarett.
    Froissart-Nerfeldt, Pia
    Öron-, näs- och halskliniken, Karolinska universitetssjukhuset.
    Hemlin, Claes
    Aleris Specialistklinik, Sollentuna.
    Larsson, Torbjörn
    Öron-, näs- och halskliniken, Sunderby sjukhus.
    Lundström, Filip
    Öron-, näs- och halskliniken, Universitetssjukhuset i Linköping.
    Odhagen, Erik
    Öron-, näs- och halskliniken, Södra Älvsborgs sjukhus.
    Stalfors, Joacim
    Sahlgrenska akademin, Göteborgs universitet.
    Kalla tekniker för såväl dissektion som blodstillning bör användas vid tonsillektomi: En rekommendation från den nationella arbetsgruppen för tonsilloperation (NAG) och referensgruppen för Tonsilloperationsregistret2021Other (Other academic)
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  • Kremel, Anna
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Consumer Behaviour in a Circular System – How Values Promote and Hinder the Participation of Young Adults in the Swedish Deposit-Refund System for Beverage Packaging2023In: Circular Economy and Sustainability, ISSN 2730-597X, E-ISSN 2730-5988Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study contributes to the understanding of how values promote and hinder circular consumer behaviour by examining and learning from the Swedish deposit-refund system for beverage cans and PET bottles. We have used the consumption value theory in our analysis, building on the concepts of circular economy, sustainable consumption and recycling. Data was collected from focus group interviews with young adults in order to identify and explore the ways that values promote and hinder participation. Functional values were found to be at the core of sustainable consumption as a result of financial incentives and the fact that consumers value convenience. The study also highlights the importance that young adults place on emotional values, in particular embarrassment, which hinders them from recycling. When it comes to sustainable consumption, young adults are driven by selfish behaviour, prioritising personal comfort. Social settings were also found to promote and hinder participation in the deposit-refund system. The study finds that an understanding of the reasons why different social groups and age groups approve or disapprove of participation in circular solutions may help design solutions to increase participation in circular solutions and circular economies. The results show that it is important to study the combinations of value dimensions to understand consumer behaviour in a circular system fully.

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    Consumer Behaviour in a Circular System – How Values Promote and Hinder the Participation of Young Adults in the Swedish Deposit-Refund System for Beverage Packaging
  • Tseronis, Assimakis
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Review of: D. Serafis (2023). Authoritarianism on the front page: Multimodal discourse and argumentation in times of multiple crises in Greece2023In: Journal of Argumentation in Context, ISSN 2211-4742, E-ISSN 2211-4750, Vol. 12, no 3, p. 344-352Article, book review (Refereed)
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    Review