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Resting Heart Rate and Empathy Interacts in Predicting Law Enforcement Involvement
Örebro University, School of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1704-9543
Florida State University, Tallahassee, USA.
Örebro University, School of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9375-6303
Örebro University, School of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7231-4293
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2023 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Lower resting heart rate and lower levels of empathy have independently been associated with an increased risk of antisocial behavior. However, little is known about the potential interaction between resting heart rate and empathy in predicting antisocial behavior. The aim of the current project was to examine the moderating role of empathy in young adulthood on the association between resting heart rate in childhood and antisocial behavior in young adulthood. We utilized two subsamples from the University of Southern California Risk Factors for Antisocial Behavior Project (n=707, n=616), a longitudinal project with data from five waves. Resting heart rate was measured using disposable electrodes attached to the torso. Empathy was measured using the Interpersonal Reactivity Index with four subscales. Antisocial behavior was defined as law enforcement involvement. After adjusting for potential confounds, results suggest that lower resting heart rate in childhood and lower empathy in young adulthood predict antisocial behavior in young adulthood. Most importantly, empathy in young adulthood moderated the association between resting heart rate in childhood and antisocial behavior in young adulthood. Results indicate that at lower levels of empathy, a lower resting heart rate was associated with increased probability of being in trouble with the police.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2023.
National Category
Law and Society
Research subject
Criminology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-109897OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-109897DiVA, id: diva2:1815075
Conference
78th Annual Meeting American Society of Criminology, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA, November 15-18, 2023
Available from: 2023-11-27 Created: 2023-11-27 Last updated: 2023-11-28Bibliographically approved

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Oskarsson, SofiAndersson, AnneliSiponen, RebeccaEvans, BrittanyTuvblad, Catherine

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
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  • de-DE
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