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Moral relations in encounters with nature
Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden. (SMED)
Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences. (SMED)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1423-4233
2015 (English)In: Journal of Adventure Education and Outdoor Learning, ISSN 1472-9679, E-ISSN 1754-0402, Vol. 15, no 4, p. 310-329Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The overall aim of this article is to develop in-depth knowledge about the connection between outdoor experiences and moral attitudes towards nature. The study focuses on processes in which moral relations are at stake in encounters between students and nature. The purpose is to identify such events, describe their specific circumstances and clarify how moral relations are established in these events. The empirical material consists of video-recordings of activities in three different outdoor education practices. In order to identify and categorise moral situations, an analytical tool called the ethical tendency is used. This tool is based on Wittgenstein’s language game method. The findings show that in the investigated outdoor education practices, moral relations towards nature are established in several different ways. The article concludes with four educational implications: responsibility when dealing with moral reactions; bring- ing ethical questions to the fore; different educational conditions create different encounters with nature; and the consequences of different language games. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxon, United Kingdom: Routledge, 2015. Vol. 15, no 4, p. 310-329
Keywords [en]
outdoor education, nature experience, nature connectivity, moral relations, ethical reflections, environmental concern
National Category
Pedagogy
Research subject
Education
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-44936DOI: 10.1080/14729679.2015.1035292ISI: 000212207300004Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84942990656OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-44936DiVA, id: diva2:823027
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2004-2295Swedish Environmental Protection Agency
Note

Funding agencies:

Swedish Research Council 2004-2295 

Swedish Environmental Protection Agency 

Available from: 2015-06-17 Created: 2015-06-17 Last updated: 2024-02-21Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Naturmöten i pedagogiska verksamheter
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Naturmöten i pedagogiska verksamheter
2020 (Swedish)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The general public´s everyday encounters with nature have radically changed during the 20th century in industrial countries. Our relation towards nature in relation to environmental challenges is an important educational question, and this thesis investigates encounters with nature in educational practice. More specifically the aims are to investigate (i) how encounters with nature has been legitimated in the national curricula of Swedish school, and (ii) meaning making processes within pedagogical encounters with nature.  

In relation to the first aim a discourse analytical reading of the national curricula in Sweden is conducted. The results show that a scientific perspective of encounters with nature has been dominating during the last hundred years in the national curricula. In recent years, it is also more instrumental encounters that are expressed in the curricula, while students’ personal experiences and feelings are not focused in current curricula.  Paper II and III examine moral meaning making in three different educational practices – Outdoor Education Centres, All-Weather Outdoor Schools and the Radical Outdoor movement. A multidisciplinary method is used in paper II, LEDmodel (Landscape, Ethical and Didactical). Paper III is based on the ethical tendency and language-game analyses. The results from these studies show that the educational purpose have an impact on moral processes in relation to nature. When the purpose is related to scientific knowledge there is often an instrumental relation towards nature in contrast to encounters that are more open. Open encounters instead seem to create relations that are built on a sense of responsibility and empathy. The results show that relations are created in different ways where some are more personal and built on emotion when other emotions are more based on stated rules or norms.  

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Örebro universitet, 2020. p. 162
Series
Örebro Studies in Sport Sciences, ISSN 1654-7535 ; 31
Keywords
outdoor education, curriculum, nature experience, moral meaning making, moral relations
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-86603 (URN)
Presentation
2018-09-14, Gymnastikhuset, Örebro universitet, Örebro, 13:15 (Swedish)
Supervisors
Available from: 2020-10-20 Created: 2020-10-20 Last updated: 2020-10-27Bibliographically approved
2. Friluftsliv och naturmöten i utbildningspraktik
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Friluftsliv och naturmöten i utbildningspraktik
2024 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The overall interest of this thesis is to contribute with knowledge about meaning making processes in educational encounters with nature in different educational practices. The exploration consists of four studies based on a pragmatic perspective on meaning making inspired by the works of John Dewey and Ludwig Wittgenstein. A discourse analytical approach is also used in the first study to analyse the curriculum documents. The result confirms that encounters with nature have a clear position in the curriculum documents, and friluftsliv is a prioritised content in PETE. It is further confirmed that the field of outdoor education is a field of conflicting meanings that pose significant educational challenges. Indeterminate situations occur and may influence students’ possibilities to transform the educational content in PETE to a school context. Another conclusion from the results is that instrumental meanings and a sportification of friluftsliv often get precedence over more emotional based meanings connected to nature. The results also show empirical examples where encounters with nature enable participants to create moral relations towards nature. This potential is highlighted in previous research as one of the most important in order to (re)connect our relation towards nature and in extension better conditions to deal with environmental questions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Örebro: Örebro University, 2024. p. 125
Series
Örebro Studies in Sport Sciences, ISSN 1654-7535 ; 40
Keywords
Outdoor education, meaning making, motives, moral relations, Physical Education Teacher Education
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-110625 (URN)9789175295374 (ISBN)9789175295381 (ISBN)
Public defence
2024-03-15, Örebro universitet, Gymnastik- och idrottshuset, Hörsal G, Fakultetsgatan 1, Örebro, 13:15 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2024-01-08 Created: 2024-01-08 Last updated: 2024-03-04Bibliographically approved

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Andersson, KarinÖhman, Johan

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