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  • 1.
    A Anthony, Martin
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Ingjald, Tobias
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Handelsbanken: en studie om ledarskap2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 2.
    A. Darroudi, Kian
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för humaniora, utbildning och samhällsvetenskap.
    Totala institutioner: sociala hinder och dilemman2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 3.
    A. Proko, Romina
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper.
    Deskriptiv studie av Multimodal Rehabilitering 1-deltagare i västra Region Örebro Län: - förändring i självskattning av ångest/depression och basal kroppskännedom efter åtta veckors intervention2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor of Fine Arts), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 4.
    Aaboen, Lise
    et al.
    Department of Industrial Economics and Technology Management, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway.
    Laage-Hellman, Jens
    Department of Technology Management and Economics, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Lind, Frida
    Department of Technology Management and Economics, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Öberg, Christina
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Shih, Tommy
    Department of Business Administration, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Exploring the roles of university spin-offs in business networks2016Inngår i: Industrial Marketing Management, ISSN 0019-8501, E-ISSN 1873-2062, Vol. 59, s. 157-166Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper identifies different university spin-off (USO) roles related to resource interaction among business parties. It does so by mapping how USOs become part of business networks in terms of their roles relative to other parties. The theoretical frame of reference focuses on roles and resource interaction based on an industrial network approach to business markets. The empirical research is based onfive cases of USOs representing a variety in terms of technology, degree of newness, sector, and area of application. As a result of the analysis, three different roles are identified: the USO as resource mediator, resource re-combiner and resource renewer. These roles reflect how USOs adapt resources to, or require changes among, business parties' resources. The paper also discusses the main resource interfaces associated with the three roles and related challenges. The paper contributes to previous research through illustrating USOs' roles relative to business parties from a resource interaction point of view, and by pointing to the establishment of new companies in business networks as a way of implementing innovation. Finally, the paper discusses the managerial implications of the research in terms of the USO's need to understand which role to take and how to develop it.

  • 5. AAboen, Lise
    et al.
    Laage-Hellman, Jens
    Chalmers University of technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Lind, Frida
    Chalmers University of technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Öberg, Christina
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Shih, Tommy
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    University spin-offs and their roles in business networks2014Inngår i: IMP Conference, 2014Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 6.
    Aabye Olsen, Martina
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Tvångsvård på grund av brister i omsorgen: Är det förenlighet med barnets bästa?2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Tvångsvård på grund av brister i omsorgen
  • 7.
    Aadland, Katarina
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Copingstrategier för att hantera stress och oro hos KBT- och övriga studenter2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Hur stress och oro hanteras är avgörande för hälsan. För att utveckla kunskapen om stresshantering syftar denna studie till att undersöka skillnader i förekomst och samband mellan problemfokuserad, emotionsfokuserad och undvikandeorienterad coping samt defensiv pessimism. En kvantitativ enkätundersökning genomfördes med 62 KBT-studenter och 87 övriga studenter från olika utbildningar. Resultaten visade att KBT-studenter använder problemfokuserad coping mer än övriga studenter, att övriga studenter använder emotionsfokuserad coping mer än KBT-studenter, samt att äldre KBT-studenter använder defensiv pessimism mindre än yngre KBT-studenter. Dessutom hittades ett negativt samband mellan problemfokuserad och emotionsfokuserad coping och ett positivt samband mellan emotionsfokuserad coping och defensiv pessimism. Sammanfattningsvis visar studien att det finns samband mellan, samt ålder- och utbildningsskillnader i användande av olika copingstrategier.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 8.
    Aagaard, Sebastian
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för naturvetenskap och teknik.
    Demonstrating customer and business value through the implementation of a Design for Reliability Program2023Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    It is widely assumed within industry that implementation of a Design for Reliability (DfR) Program can reduce warranty costs, increase customer value and reduce Total Cost of Ownership (TCO) when applied within both product development and product improvement projects. DfR is the set of tools and related product development processes for improvement in the reliability of a product, over time through changes in the product design and the manufacturing process. This research activity aimed at demonstrating the customer and business value of implementing a DfR Program at Epiroc Surface Division. This wasinvestigated from the perspective of selected projects and product development activities focused on the Epiroc SmartROC D65 drilling rig, which has actively worked with the reliability tools.The study has concluded that implementing the DfR Program has yielded tangible business value. The enhanced Early-Life Reliability report now allows for better evaluation of business value. This value has primarily been derived from the ability to analyze reductions in warranty costs and improvements in Mean Time Between Events (MTBE), a subset of Mean Time between Failures (MTBF). A method has been developed to determine business value in terms of cost savings. From a customer perspective, when considering the TCO, it could be demonstrated that working actively with the reliability tools during product development positively affects the mechanical availability and productivity of the equipment resulting in TCO improvements. The primary tools employed in the study include the enhanced Early-Life Reliability report, and risk management tools employed during product development for early identification of potential failure modes.The study has concluded that the most significant opportunities for improving the DfR Program is by an increased collection of relevant data from the equipment’s useful life and not limited to the early life during the warranty period. Additionally, recording and reporting actual MTBFdata would be desirable to gain a broader perspective than what MTBE currently provides. Improving the quality and reliability of the input data used in tools like the Early-Life Reliability report would significantly enhance the output of this asset. It has been proven that the data can be utilized effectively. The enhanced version of the tool is not available for widespread use within the organization. However, once released, it could be a great opportunity to improve DfR in conjunction with the developed method for prioritizing efforts and demonstrating customer and business value.

  • 9.
    Aahlin, Eirik K
    et al.
    Department of GI and HPB Surgery, University Hospital Northern Norway, Breivika, Tromsø, Norway; Institute of Clinical Medicine, University of Tromsø, Tromsø, Norway .
    von Meyenfeldt, Maarten
    Department of Surgery, University Hospital Maastricht, Maastricht, The Netherlands; NUTRIM School for Nutrition, Toxicology and Metabolism, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands.
    Dejong, Cornelius Hc
    Department of Surgery, University Hospital Maastricht, Maastricht, The Netherlands; NUTRIM School for Nutrition, Toxicology and Metabolism, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands.
    Ljungqvist, Olle
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för läkarutbildning. Department of Surgery, Örebro University Hospital, Örebro; Department of Molecular Medicine and Surgery, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Fearon, Kenneth C
    Clinical Surgery, University of Edinburgh, Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK .
    Lobo, Dileep N
    Division of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Nottingham Digestive Diseases Centre, National Institute for Health Research, Biomedical Research Unit, Nottingham University Hospitals, Queen's Medical Centre, Nottingham, UK .
    Demartines, Nicolas
    Hospital of Lausanne (CHUV), Lausanne, Switzerland .
    Revhaug, Arthur
    Department of GI and HPB Surgery, University Hospital Northern Norway, Breivika, Tromsø, Norway; Institute of Clinical Medicine, University of Tromsø, Tromsø, Norway .
    Wigmore, Stephen J
    Clinical Surgery, University of Edinburgh, Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK .
    Lassen, Kristoffer
    Department of GI and HPB Surgery, University Hospital Northern Norway, Breivika, Tromsø, Norway; Institute of Clinical Medicine, University of Tromsø, Tromsø, Norway .
    Functional recovery is considered the most important target: a survey of dedicated professionals2014Inngår i: Perioperative medicine, ISSN 2047-0525, Vol. 3, artikkel-id 3:5Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The aim of this study was to survey the relative importance of postoperative recovery targets and perioperative care items, as perceived by a large group of international dedicated professionals.

    Methods: A questionnaire with eight postoperative recovery targets and 13 perioperative care items was mailed to participants of the first international Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) congress and to authors of papers with a clear relevance to ERAS in abdominal surgery. The responders were divided into categories according to profession and region.

    Results: The recovery targets 'To be completely free of nausea', 'To be independently mobile' and 'To be able to eat and drink as soon as possible' received the highest score irrespective of the responder's profession or region of origin. Equally, the care items 'Optimizing fluid balance', 'Preoperative counselling' and 'Promoting early and scheduled mobilisation' received the highest score across all groups.

    Conclusions: Functional recovery, as in tolerance of food without nausea and regained mobility, was considered the most important target of recovery. There was a consistent uniformity in the way international dedicated professionals scored the relative importance of recovery targets and care items. The relative rating of the perioperative care items was not dependent on the strength of evidence supporting the items.

  • 10.
    Aam, Stina
    et al.
    Department of Neuromedicine and Movement Science, Faculty of Medicine and Health Science, NTNU-Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway; Department of Geriatric Medicine, Clinic of Medicine, St. Olavs Hospital, Trondheim University Hospital, Trondheim, Norway.
    Gynnild, Mari Nordbø
    Department of Neuromedicine and Movement Science, Faculty of Medicine and Health Science, NTNU-Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway; Stroke Unit, Clinic of Medicine, St. Olavs Hospital, Trondheim University Hospital, Trondheim, Norway.
    Munthe-Kaas, Ragnhild
    Department of Medicine, Vestre Viken Hospital Trust, Bærum Hospital, Drammen, Norway; Institute of Clinical Medicine, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.
    Saltvedt, Ingvild
    Department of Neuromedicine and Movement Science, Faculty of Medicine and Health Science, NTNU-Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway; Department of Geriatric Medicine, Clinic of Medicine, St. Olavs Hospital, Trondheim University Hospital, Trondheim, Norway.
    Lydersen, Stian
    Department of Mental Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Science, NTNU-Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway.
    Knapskog, Anne-Brita
    Department of Geriatric Medicine, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway.
    Ihle-Hansen, Hege
    Department of Medicine, Vestre Viken Hospital Trust, Bærum Hospital, Drammen, Norway; Institute of Clinical Medicine, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway; Department of Geriatric Medicine, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway.
    Ellekjær, Hanne
    Department of Neuromedicine and Movement Science, Faculty of Medicine and Health Science, NTNU-Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway; Stroke Unit, Clinic of Medicine, St. Olavs Hospital, Trondheim University Hospital, Trondheim, Norway.
    Eldholm, Rannveig Sakshaug
    Department of Neuromedicine and Movement Science, Faculty of Medicine and Health Science, NTNU-Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway; Department of Geriatric Medicine, Clinic of Medicine, St. Olavs Hospital, Trondheim University Hospital, Trondheim, Norway.
    Fure, Brynjar
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper. Department of Internal Medicine, Central Hospital, Karlstad, Sweden.
    The Impact of Vascular Risk Factors on Post-stroke Cognitive Impairment: The Nor-COAST Study2021Inngår i: Frontiers in Neurology, E-ISSN 1664-2295, Vol. 12, artikkel-id 678794Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Post-stroke cognitive impairment (PSCI) is common, but evidence on the impact of vascular risk factors is lacking. We explored the association between pre-stroke vascular risk factors and PSCI and studied the course of PSCI.

    Materials and Methods: Vascular risk factors were collected at baseline in stroke survivors (n = 635). Cognitive assessments of attention, executive function, memory, language, and the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) were performed at 3 and/or 18 months post-stroke. Stroke severity was assessed with the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS). PSCI was measured with global z; MoCA z-score; and z-score of the four assessed cognitive domains. Mixed-effect linear regression was applied with global z, MoCA z-score, and z-scores of the cognitive domains as dependent variables. Independent variables were the vascular risk factors (hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, smoking, diabetes mellitus, atrial fibrillation, coronary heart disease, previous stroke), time, and the interaction between these. The analyses were adjusted for age, education, and sex. There were between 5 and 25% missing data for the variables for PSCI.

    Results: Mean age was 71.6 years (SD 11.7); 42% were females; and the mean NIHSS score at admittance was 3.8 (SD 4.8). Regardless of vascular risk factors, global z, MoCA, and all the assessed cognitive domains were impaired at 3 and 18 months, with MoCA being the most severely impaired. Atrial fibrillation (AF) was associated with poorer language at 18 months and coronary heart disease (CHD) with poorer MoCA at 18 months (LR =12.80, p = 0.002, and LR = 8.32, p = 0.004, respectively). Previous stroke was associated with poorer global z and attention at 3 and 18 months (LR = 15.46, p < 0.001, and LR = 16.20, p < 0.001). In patients without AF, attention improved from 3 to 18 months, and in patients without CHD, executive function improved from 3 to 18 months (LR = 10.42, p < 0.001, and LR = 9.33, p = 0.009, respectively).

    Discussion: Our findings indicate that a focal stroke lesion might be related to pathophysiological processes leading to global cognitive impairment. The poorer prognosis of PSCI in patients with vascular risk factors emphasizes the need for further research on complex vascular risk factor interventions to prevent PSCI.

  • 11.
    Aarebrot, Frank
    et al.
    Institutt for sammenliknende politikk, Universitetet i Bergen.
    Berglund, Sten
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Statehood, Secularisation, Cooperation: Explaining Democratic Survival in Inter-War Europe - Stein Rokkan's Conceptual Map Revisited1995Inngår i: Historical social research / Historische Sozialforschung, ISSN 0172-6404, Vol. 20, nr 2, s. 210-225Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article addresses itself to the crisis of democracy in inter-war Europe which saw the breakdown of one democratic regime after the other with Czechoslovakia as the only survivor case in Eastern and Central Europe by the end of this period. It is cast within the framework of Stein Rokkan's seminal conceptual map of Europe which is expanded in order to account for countries and variables originally not included in his analytical scheme. The analysis leads to the following conclusion: where the state building was weak and the legacy of empire strong, or where secular nation building was still impaired by deeply rooted religious sentiments, or where significant segments representing major cleavages where not coopted into a constitutional compromise, the chances for democratic survival in inter-war Europe were slim indeed. The conclusion applies to the inter-war era alone, but it clearly has implications for contemporary Europe. Noting that statehood and secularization ranked high on the agenda of communist Eastern Europe, the authors raise the paradoxical question if the success of democracy in this part of the world may in fact be a byproduct of the extent to which the now defunct communist regimes were successful in promoting their pet goals.

  • 12.
    Aarebrot, Frank
    et al.
    Institutt for sammenliknende politikk, Universitetet i Bergen.
    Berglund, Sten
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Weninger, Thomas
    Institute of Political Science, University of Vienna.
    The View from EFTA1998Inngår i: Public Opinion and Internationalized Governance / [ed] Oskar Niedermayer, Richard Sinnott, Oxford: Oxford University Press , 1998, s. 344-367Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

     This chapter examines public opinion regarding European Community integration in the five small but comparatively prosperous countries in the European Free Trade Association (EFTA). The evidence reveals a split. On the one hand, there is the positive endorsement expressed in Austria, Finland and Sweden; on the other, there is the negative assessment expressed in Norway and Switzerland. This ambivalence confirms that the impact of centre-periphery location is complex. Moreover, as the Norwegian and Swiss cases indicate, the centre-periphery cleavage within countries is as relevant as that between countries to an understanding of support for internationalized governance.

  • 13.
    Aaro, Martina
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för läkarutbildning.
    Antibiotic Prophylaxis in Head and Neck Oncologic Surgeryat Örebro University Hospital (USÖ)2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Antibiotic Prophylaxis in Head and Neck Oncologic Surgery at Örebro University Hospital (USÖ)
  • 14.
    Aaro, Martina
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper.
    Polypharmacy and Inappropriate Drug Use among Elderly Patients admitted to a Short-Term Nursing Home in Örebro2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Polypharmacy and Inappropriate Drug Use among Elderly Patients admitted to a Short-Term Nursing Home in Örebro
  • 15.
    Aarseth Larsson, Kim
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för naturvetenskap och teknik.
    Chemical Characterisation of Nitrocellulose2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Nitrocellulose is the main component in many types of ammunition, propellants and explosives. The principles of production for nitrocellulose have not changed much since the 19th century when it started being industrially produced for this purpose. The character of the nitrocellulose has a large effect on the end products abilities. The aim of this study was to develop a method that would be able to characterise and distinguish between nitrocellulose from different manufacturers to be able to relate the character of the nitrocellulose to the properties of ammunition, propellants and explosives. Samples were dissolved in acetone and analysed by GC/MS and data were then analysed by multivariable statistics. FTIR was also used to characterise the nitrocellulose. Results from both methods showed very small differences when chromatograms and spectra were analysed. This study shows that GC/MS and FTIR are not suitable for this type of characterisation. The differences between the data were not sufficient to be able to separate the samples from each other.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 16.
    Aarseth Larsson, Kim
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för naturvetenskap och teknik.
    Inhibition of SIRT1 Alters Apoptotic and Sex Related Genes in Zebrafish (Danio rerio)2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) is a nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide - dependent deacetylase that belongs to the sirtuin protein family. The protein has been linked to both cancer through its effect on p53 and age related illnesses through its effect on peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPAR-γ). Recent data have shown a correlation between SIRT1, male fertility and spermatogenesis. Because the mechanism of sex differentiation in zebrafish is still not wellunderstood the sirt1 gene is an attractive target to study in order to improve our understanding of this topic. Zebrafish of different age were exposed to various concentrations of EX-527 toinhibit the SIRT1 protein. This was followed by qRT-PCR analysis of apoptotic and sex-related genes. Both apoptotic and sex-related gene expression levels were affected by the exposure. There were differences in genes that were affected, both between the concentrations of EX-527, and between the ages of the exposed zebrafish. The male- specific gene sexdetermining region Y box 9A (sox9a) was down-regulated at both studied EX-527 concentrations in both zebrafish larvae and juveniles. The exposure of the EX-527 resulted in no significant difference in sex-ratio. Further studies are required to describe the pathway for SIRT1 gene regulation in zebrafish.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 17.
    Aarskog, Eirik
    et al.
    Department of Teacher Education and Outdoor Life Studies, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway.
    Barker, Dean
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Spord Borgen, Jorunn
    Department of Sports, Physical Education and Outdoor Studies, University of South-Eastern Norway, Notodden, Norway.
    'When it's something that you want to do.': Exploring curriculum negotiation in Norwegian PE2022Inngår i: Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy, ISSN 1740-8989, E-ISSN 1742-5786, Vol. 27, nr 6, s. 640-653Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Student participation in curriculum negotiation has been widely regarded as beneficial for student engagement, motivation, and learning. Within the physical education (PE) context however, several scholars claim that these benefits are seldom realized. Interestingly, most investigations into curriculum negotiation in PE focus on teacher actions and behavior. Investigations of students' actions in curriculum negotiation are rare. Further, while much of the literature claims curriculum negotiation is potentially beneficial for student learning, few of the conceptual and analytical frameworks utilized within previous PE literature are based on explicit learning theories.

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to explore student participation in curriculum negotiation in Norwegian PE through the lens of an explicit learning theoretical perspective.

    Method: A 10th grade class with 23 students (age 15-16) and an 8th grade class with 30 students (age 13-14) from 2 different schools, and their respective teachers were recruited for the project. Within these classes, participatory observation, video observations, and stimulated recall interviews were conducted to produce empirical material related to curriculum negotiation. The material then underwent qualitative thematic analysis where select parts of John Dewey's educational philosophy were used as the analytical framework.

    Results and discussion: With a basis in the analytical framework developed from Deweyan educational philosophy, the results show that students within the two contexts participate in both explicit and implicit forms of curriculum negotiation. Explicit curriculum negotiations to a large degree appear to be governed by the teachers and are deemed by teachers to be part of strategies for upholding Norwegian legislations and recommendations for including students in curricular decision-making. While not as easily noticeable, implicit forms of negotiations were more prominent within the explored contexts. The analysis also suggests that from a Deweyan perspective, possibilities to increase learning through curriculum negotiations occur when teachers notice, help, and guide students in their own reflective processes surrounding how to act in PE. Such pedagogical action makes implicit negotiations occurring more explicit, and explicit negotiations more intelligent.

  • 18.
    Aass, Lisbeth Kjelsrud
    et al.
    Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences (MH), Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Gjøvik, Norway.
    Moen, Øyfrid Larsen
    Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences (MH), Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Gjøvik, Norway.
    Skundberg-Kletthagen, Hege
    Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences (MH), Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Gjøvik, Norway.
    Lundqvist, Lars-Olov
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper. University Health Care Research Center.
    Schröder, Agneta
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper. Region Örebro län. Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences (MH), Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Gjøvik, Norway; Faculty of Medicine and Health, University Health Care Research Center, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
    Family support and quality of community mental health care: Perspectives from families living with mental illness2022Inngår i: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 31, nr 7-8, s. 935-948Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim and objectives: Describe patients' and family members' perceptions of family support from nurses and other mental healthcare professionals, and quality of care in community mental healthcare service. Further, compare the perceptions of patients and family members.

    Background: While patients value family involvement, family members feel unprepared and lack the necessary skills to be supportive. Since healthcare professionals predominantly focus on patients, they may fail to understand the complex needs of families. Family perceived support and quality of community mental health care may vary across patients and family members.

    Design and methods: Cross-sectional study with patients suffering from mental illness and family members in community mental healthcare services in Norway. Altogether 86 participants, of whom 33 patients and 33 family members had a family relationship-paired samples. Participants filled in the translated version of the Iceland Family Perceived Support Questionnaire (FPSQ-N) and Quality in Psychiatric Care-Community Out-Patient (QPC-COP) and Community Out-Patient Next of Kin (QPC-COPNK). STROBE checklist was used.

    Results: Family members scored family perceived support and quality of community mental health care lower than patients. Family members feel the loss of support. Patient and family members found the Patient-healthcare professionals' relationship to be of high quality, while family members gave low score to being respected and invited to take part in care by nurses and other mental healthcare professionals.

    Conclusion: Family members' unmet need of support highlights the need for nurses and other community mental healthcare professionals to assess complex family needs and to intervene. Barriers to collaboration exist, and family members need to be respected and invited into community mental health care. Relevance to clinical practice Contributes knowledge of how to meet the family's needs and provides a basis for further care and treatment development in similar contexts nationally and internationally.

  • 19.
    Aass, Lisbeth Kjelsrud
    et al.
    Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences (MH), Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Gjøvik, Norway.
    Skundberg-Kletthagen, Hege
    Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences (MH), Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Gjøvik, Norway.
    Schröder, Agneta
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper. Region Örebro län. Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences (MH), Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Gjøvik, Norway.
    Moen, Øyfrid Larsen
    Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences (MH), Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Gjøvik, Norway.
    It's Not a Race, It's a Marathon!: Families Living with a Young Adult Suffering from Mental Illness2021Inngår i: Issues in Mental Health Nursing, ISSN 0161-2840, E-ISSN 1096-4673, Vol. 42, nr 1, s. 15-23Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to explore families' perceptions of everyday life when living with a young adult suffering from mental illness. Findings include: 1) Families balance between letting go and enabling the young adult to become independent while remaining close to help him/her complete education, work and have a social life. 2) Young adults try to deal with symptoms of mental illness by themselves and not be a burden, although longing for family members to understand them and the situation. 3) Healthcare professionals still hold back information although young adults have consented to giving family members insight.

  • 20.
    Aass, Lisbeth Kjelsrud
    et al.
    Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Gjøvik, Norway.
    Skundberg-Kletthagen, Hege
    Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Gjøvik, Norway.
    Schröder, Agneta
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper. Region Örebro län. Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Gjøvik, Norway; Faculty of Medicine and Health, University Health Care Research Center, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Moen, Øyfrid Larsen
    Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Gjøvik, Norway.
    Young Adults and Their Families Living With Mental Illness: Evaluation of the Usefulness of Family-Centered Support Conversations in Community Mental Health care Settings2020Inngår i: Journal of Family Nursing, ISSN 1074-8407, E-ISSN 1552-549X, Vol. 26, nr 4, s. 302-314Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of Family-Centered Support Conversations (FCSC) offered in community mental health care in Norway to young adults and their families experiencing mental illness. The FCSC is a family nursing intervention based on the Calgary Family Assessment and Intervention Models and the Illness Beliefs Model and is focused on how family members can be supportive to each other, how to identify strengths and resources of the family, and how to share and reflect on the experiences of everyday life together while living with mental illness. Interviews were conducted with young adults and their family members in Norway who had received the FCSC intervention and were analyzed using phenomenography. Two descriptive categories were identified: "Facilitating the sharing of reflections about everyday life" and "Possibility of change in everyday life." The family nursing conversations about family structure and function in the context of mental illness allowed families to find new meanings and possibilities in everyday life. Health care professionals can play an important role in facilitating a safe environment for young adults and their families to talk openly about the experience of living with and managing mental illness.

  • 21.
    Abad, Esteban
    et al.
    CSIC, Institute of Environmental Assessment and Water Research, Laboratory of Dioxins, Barcelona, Spain.
    Abalos, Manuela
    CSIC, Institute of Environmental Assessment and Water Research, Laboratory of Dioxins, Barcelona, Spain.
    Fiedler, Heidelore
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för naturvetenskap och teknik.
    Air monitoring with passive samplers for dioxin-like persistent organic pollutants in developing countries (2017-2019)2021Inngår i: Chemosphere, ISSN 0045-6535, E-ISSN 1879-1298, Vol. 287, nr Pt 1, artikkel-id 131931Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    As part of the global monitoring plan on persistent organic pollutants (GMP) under the Stockholm Convention passive air samplers equipped with polyurethane foam disks (PUFs) were applied to monitor dioxin-like POPs. For sampling, toluene-pretreated PUFs were exposed for three months during two years. Chemical analysis was performed in one accredited expert laboratory using internationally accepted methods; for comparison, all results were normalized to one PUF and 3 month exposure. Total TEQs, using WHO2005-TEFs, were lowest in the Pacific Islands countries (PAC) and had similar mean values in Africa (16.8 pg TEQ/PUF), Asia (16.9 pg TEQ/PUF), and Latin American and Caribbean countries (GRULAC, 13.3 pg TEQ/PUF). Using median values, Asia (13.4 pg TEQ/PUF) and GRULAC (13.1 pg TEQ/PUF) had higher amounts than Africa (6.1 pg TEQ/PUF) and PAC (2.1 pg TEQ/PUF). The contribution of PCDD/PCDF to the total TEQ was 2-3-times higher than from the dl-PCB. Mono-ortho PCB did not play a role in any of the samples. The previous 40 samples during 2010/2011 and the present 195 samples from 2017/2018 did not show a statistical difference (p value = 0.3), only for GRULAC, a downward trend was identified. It is recommended combining 4 PUFs to ‘annual’ samples.

  • 22.
    Abadei, Simon
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Zontho, Alexander
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Transdiagnostiska riskfaktorer för kronisk smärta och social ångest hos ungdomar2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Kronisk smärta och emotionell problematik verkar dela flera faktorer med varandra, men i den transdiagnostiska forskningen är det oklart vilka faktorer som är centrala i utvecklingen av olika problematiker. I den här studien har ruminering, oro och beteendemässigt undvikande undersökts som transdiagnostiska faktorer för kronisk smärta och social ångest. Studien bygger på data från Trestadsstudien, en longitudinell populationsstudie som sträckte sig mellan 2012–2018 i centrala Sverige. Stickprovet inkluderade ungdomar i årskurs 7–9 (N = 1453) från arton kommunala skolor. Syftet med studien var att utforska prevalensen av kronisk smärta, social ångest och samsjuklighet mellan problematikerna. Syftet var också att undersöka om kronisk smärta och social ångest är riskfaktorer för varandra och om eventuella samband kunde förklaras av mediation genom ruminering, oro eller beteendemässigt undvikande, samt om kön kunde moderera mediationerna. För att undersöka detta genomfördes logistiska regressionsanalyser och mediationsanalyser. Resultaten indikerar att prevalensen av kronisk smärta, social ångest och samsjukligheten ökade över tid, särskilt för tjejer. Analyserna antyder även att kronisk smärta och social ångest var signifikanta riskfaktorer för varandra två år senare (OR = 1.7 - 1.9). Även om detta stöder en transdiagnostisk syn kunde inte sambanden förklaras av mediationsanalyserna i någon stor utsträckning. Detta kan bero på metodologiska brister med konstrukten eller att det finns andra faktorer som bättre förklarar sambanden. Framtida forskning behöver undersöka effekten av andra transdiagnostiska faktorer och hur olika typer av transdiagnostiska faktorer samverkar med varandra för att leda till utveckling av kronisk smärta och social ångest.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 23.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för humaniora, utbildning och samhällsvetenskap.
    Class as deviance: constructing the support for and opposition against Hugo Chávez2011Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    By applying the methods of Critical Discourse Analysis this paper aims to explore how ideology works within the discursive construction of class, in the representation of the supporters and opponents of the government of Hugo Chávez in Venezuela. News items from New York Times (US), El País (Uruguay) and Dagens Nyheter (Sweden) constitute the analyzed material. The paper argues that class-markers are important in the representation of government supporters, whom many times are constructed as belonging to the poorer sectors of society. Class is however less explicit in the representation of Chávez-opposition, which in fact is lead by elite groups. It is therefore argued that class in this context becomes a marker of deviance, which in turn works ideologically in legitimizing oppositional groups and disqualifying the support for Chávez’ government.

  • 24.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Constructing democratic (de)legitimacy: Venezuela in foreign news discourse2013Inngår i: NordMedia Conference, 2013Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 25.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Constructing (Il)Legitimate Democracy: Populism and Power Concentration in Newspaper Discourse on Venezuela2014Inngår i: tripleC: Communication, Capitalism & Critique, E-ISSN 1726-670X, Vol. 12, nr 2, s. 802-821Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite scholarly consensus about the importance of the media for democracy, scant attention has been paid to what democracy means to journalistic discourse and how discourses on democracy are interrelated with legitimacy. The aim of this paper is to explore how (il)legitimate democracy is constructed in newspaper discourse. By using critical discourse analysis (CDA), this paper examines foreign news items about Venezuela, a country that under the presidency of Hugo Chávez has challenged the dominant global political and economic orders. The analysis section focuses on two discourses about the Venezuelan government: the constructions of populism  and power concentration, which serve to mark deviance from what is perceived as a legitimate democracy. This paper argues that a liberal perception of democracy constitutes a central framework for the construction of (il)legitimate democracy, which is revealed not least by news discourse’s focus on what is morally unacceptable political conduct according to liberal democratic norms. In this respect, the media discourse serves to denounce potential abuses of governmental power but fail to recognize democracy in the context of a social struggle against the effects of neoliberalism and capitalism. In this case, the news media is hegemonic in the Gramscian sense, because it provides a framework of democracy that remains within the dominant economic and political structures.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 26.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    First hegemony, then democracy: on ideology and the media discourse on the coup against Hugo Chávez2012Inngår i: Observatorio (OBS*), E-ISSN 1646-5954, Vol. 6, nr 3, s. 105-128Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the media discourse on the 2002 coup d’état against the government of Hugo Chávez in Venezuela, with the aim of exploring how ideology in media discourse helps construct democracy in a Latin American political context. Critical discourse analysis is used to examine written pieces from Dagens Nyheter (Sweden), El País (Uruguay), and the New York Times (US). The study finds that the discourse on the overthrow and the events preceding it constructs the coup as a potential victory for democracy and as the definitive end of Chávez. However, after the failure of the coup and the reinstallation of Chávez one can perceive discursive renegotiations, such as the publishing of non-fundamental criticism of the overthrow. The study argues that the media discourse on the coup displays a highly relativistic attitude towards democracy, which serves the interests of the elite classes in Venezuela and of US hegemony in global politics. The article also argues that the flexibility of the discourse at hand shows the need for a detailed analysis of how ideology is (re)formed in media discourse.

  • 27.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för humaniora, utbildning och samhällsvetenskap.
    The construction of a ‘democratic transition’: the coup against Chávez in Swedish media2009Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 28.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    The slum-dwellers and the Latin American normal: the construction of chavistas and the Venezuelan opposition in foreign news discourse2012Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 29.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Through a Eurocentric lens: Difference and (de)legitimacy in foreign news discourse on Venezuela2013Inngår i: Ida Blom Conference, 2013Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 30.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Through a post-political gaze: on the ideological loading of democracy in the coverage of Chávez's Venezuela2015Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Rooted in ideology critique, this dissertation studies the construction of democracy in the coverage of Venezuela during the era of President Hugo Chávez. The aim of this endeavor is twofold. First, the dissertation aims to understand the relationship between ideology and the construction of democracy in journalism on foreign political phenomena. Second, it attempts to explore the ways in which the relationship between ideology and democracy in journalism serves to legitimize or delegitimize the struggle for social justice in nations in the global South vis-à-vis the political and economic fundamentals of global capitalism.

    The dissertation comprises three articles that study the construction of democracy in depictions of the Venezuelan political system and its key political actors. Article I studies the construction of (il)legitimate democracy in relation to the Venezuelan government, Article II explores the construction of difference between Chávez’s supporters and his opponents, and Article III studies the coverage of the coup d’état against Chávez in 2002. All three articles are methodologically rooted in critical discourse analysis and rely on materials from a sample of three elite newspapers: Dagens Nyheter (Sweden), El País (Uruguay), and the New York Times (US).

    Across the studies, there are four macro-strategies that in different ways serve to ideologically load the notion of democracy. Three of these strategies – the constructs of populism, of power concentration and of difference – serve to define political deviance and to (de)legitimize political actors in relation to democracy. The fourth macro-strategy, relativization, serves to justify actions that contradict established democratic principles but serve greater politico-ideological goals.

    (De)legitimation in relation to democracy corresponds with the closeness of a group of actors to the dominant political practices and values within global capitalism. Journalistic reporting thus follows a post-political gaze; it is generally in accordance with the political consensus that characterizes the post-Cold War era. Through this gaze, any challenge to the political tenets of global capitalism fails on democratic grounds.

    Delarbeid
    1. Constructing (Il)Legitimate Democracy: Populism and Power Concentration in Newspaper Discourse on Venezuela
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Constructing (Il)Legitimate Democracy: Populism and Power Concentration in Newspaper Discourse on Venezuela
    2014 (engelsk)Inngår i: tripleC: Communication, Capitalism & Critique, E-ISSN 1726-670X, Vol. 12, nr 2, s. 802-821Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Despite scholarly consensus about the importance of the media for democracy, scant attention has been paid to what democracy means to journalistic discourse and how discourses on democracy are interrelated with legitimacy. The aim of this paper is to explore how (il)legitimate democracy is constructed in newspaper discourse. By using critical discourse analysis (CDA), this paper examines foreign news items about Venezuela, a country that under the presidency of Hugo Chávez has challenged the dominant global political and economic orders. The analysis section focuses on two discourses about the Venezuelan government: the constructions of populism  and power concentration, which serve to mark deviance from what is perceived as a legitimate democracy. This paper argues that a liberal perception of democracy constitutes a central framework for the construction of (il)legitimate democracy, which is revealed not least by news discourse’s focus on what is morally unacceptable political conduct according to liberal democratic norms. In this respect, the media discourse serves to denounce potential abuses of governmental power but fail to recognize democracy in the context of a social struggle against the effects of neoliberalism and capitalism. In this case, the news media is hegemonic in the Gramscian sense, because it provides a framework of democracy that remains within the dominant economic and political structures.

    Emneord
    Democracy, Media, Journalism, Discourse, Ideology, Legitimacy, Liberalism, Foreign News, Venezuela, Hugo Chávez
    HSV kategori
    Forskningsprogram
    Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-39610 (URN)
    Tilgjengelig fra: 2014-12-11 Laget: 2014-12-11 Sist oppdatert: 2023-06-30bibliografisk kontrollert
    2. Through Eurocentric logics: The construction of difference in foreign news discourse on Venezuela
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Through Eurocentric logics: The construction of difference in foreign news discourse on Venezuela
    2016 (engelsk)Inngår i: Journal of Language and Politics, ISSN 1569-2159, E-ISSN 1569-9862, Vol. 15, nr 1, s. 94-115Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to explore the construction of difference in foreign news discourse on culturally similar but politically different non-Western subjects. Applying critical discourse analysis (CDA) together with a critique of Eurocentrism, the study examines difference in newspaper constructions of government supporters and oppositional groups in Venezuela. Discursive differences are evident in the strategies used for constructing the two groups with regard to political rationality and violence. Government supporters are associated with social justice, Venezuela's poor, dogmatic behavior, and the use of political violence. The opposition, in contrast, is constructed as following a Western democratic rationale that stresses anti-authoritarianism. This group is primarily associated with victims of violence. While the opposition is conveyed as being compatible with Eurocentric values and practices, government supporters to great extent deviate from these norms. Such constructions serve to legitimize politico-ideological undercurrents of Eurocentrism, as the defense of liberalism.

    sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
    John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2016
    Emneord
    critical discourse analysis, difference, Eurocentrism, foreign news, ideology, legitimacy, media, postcolonialism, Venezuela
    HSV kategori
    Forskningsprogram
    Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-39875 (URN)10.1075/jlp.15.1.05aba (DOI)000375712400005 ()2-s2.0-84969706233 (Scopus ID)
    Tilgjengelig fra: 2014-12-17 Laget: 2014-12-17 Sist oppdatert: 2020-01-16bibliografisk kontrollert
    3. First hegemony, then democracy: on ideology and the media discourse on the coup against Hugo Chávez
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>First hegemony, then democracy: on ideology and the media discourse on the coup against Hugo Chávez
    2012 (engelsk)Inngår i: Observatorio (OBS*), E-ISSN 1646-5954, Vol. 6, nr 3, s. 105-128Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the media discourse on the 2002 coup d’état against the government of Hugo Chávez in Venezuela, with the aim of exploring how ideology in media discourse helps construct democracy in a Latin American political context. Critical discourse analysis is used to examine written pieces from Dagens Nyheter (Sweden), El País (Uruguay), and the New York Times (US). The study finds that the discourse on the overthrow and the events preceding it constructs the coup as a potential victory for democracy and as the definitive end of Chávez. However, after the failure of the coup and the reinstallation of Chávez one can perceive discursive renegotiations, such as the publishing of non-fundamental criticism of the overthrow. The study argues that the media discourse on the coup displays a highly relativistic attitude towards democracy, which serves the interests of the elite classes in Venezuela and of US hegemony in global politics. The article also argues that the flexibility of the discourse at hand shows the need for a detailed analysis of how ideology is (re)formed in media discourse.

    sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
    Obercom, 2012
    Emneord
    Critical discourse analysis, democracy, ideology, hegemony, news media, Hugo Chávez
    HSV kategori
    Forskningsprogram
    Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-25730 (URN)
    Tilgjengelig fra: 2012-09-06 Laget: 2012-09-06 Sist oppdatert: 2024-01-19bibliografisk kontrollert
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Omslag
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Through a post-political gaze
    Download (pdf)
    Spikblad
  • 31.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för humaniora, utbildning och samhällsvetenskap.
    Danielsson, Martin
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Halmstad, Sweden.
    Johansson, Håkan
    Lunds universitet, Lund, Sweden.
    Olsson, Tobias
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Digital inkludering eller exkludering?: Arbetslösas användning av Arbetsförmedlingens webbplats2010Inngår i: Den ifrågasatte medborgaren: om utsatta gruppers relation till välfärdssystemen / [ed] Torbjörn Hjort, Philip Lalander, Roddy Nilsson, Växjö: MiV, Linnéuniversitetet , 2010, s. 71-86Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 32.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Danielsson, Martin
    Johansson, Håkan
    Olsson, Tobias
    Emerging patterns in the era of e-governance: a study of users of 'Swedish public employment service' on internet2012Inngår i: Media in the swirl / [ed] Ravi K. Dhar, Pooja Rana, New Delhi: Pentagon Press , 2012, 1, s. 114-125Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 33.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    et al.
    School of Education and Communication, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Nilsson, Johan
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Fostering the truthful individual Communicating media literacy in the comic Bamse2021Inngår i: Nordicom Review, ISSN 1403-1108, E-ISSN 2001-5119, Vol. 42, nr 1, s. 109-123Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the construction of media literacy in a special issue on source criticism of the Swedish children's comic Bamse - Varldens Starkaste Bjorn [Bamse - The World's Strongest Bear]. This is done with the purpose of understanding what values, perspectives, and practices are promoted when media literacy is communicated via children's edutainment media. Using narrative and discourse analysis, we problematise how notions of truth (such as post-truth) guide much of the discourse on digital media in today's post-political society, and how that and individualisation shape notions of media literacy. This is visible in the analysed case in how source criticism is constructed in relation to notions of truth and falsehood, and as moral lessons aimed at the individual media user. We argue that such an individualised, decontextualised, and depoliticised take on media literacy is problematic and an expression of neoliberalism and a middle-class gaze.

  • 34.
    Abalos, M.
    et al.
    MTM Research Center, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
    Abad, E.
    Laboratory of Dioxins, Mass Spectrometry Laboratory, Environmental Chemistry Dept., IDÆA-CSIC, Barcelona, Spain.
    van Leeuwen, S. P. J.
    Institute for Environmental Studies (IVM), Vrije University, Amsterdam, Netherlands; RIKILT-Institute of Food Safety, Wageningen, Netherlands.
    Lindström, Gunilla
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för naturvetenskap och teknik.
    Fiedler, Heidelore
    UNEP Chemicals, Châtelaine GE, Switzerland.
    de Boer, J.
    Institute for Environmental Studies (IVM), Vrije University, Amsterdam, Netherlands.
    van Bavel, Bert
    Results for PCDD/PCDF and dl-PCBs in the first round of UNEPs biennial global interlaboratory assessment on persistent organic pollutants2013Inngår i: TrAC. Trends in analytical chemistry, ISSN 0165-9936, E-ISSN 1879-3142, Vol. 46, s. 98-109Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The first worldwide interlaboratory assesment on persistent organic pollutants (POPs) under the Stockholm Convention was organized in the Asian/Pacific, Latin American and African regions during 2009-11.

    A relatively large number of laboratories reported data for the PCDDs/PCDFs and dioxin-like PCBs, especially in the Asian region. Within the Asian region, several participants used high-resolution GC/high-resolution MS systems optimized for dioxin analysis. The availibility of High-resolution mass spectrometer instrumentation is limited in the Latin America and African regions, although recently several new laboratories for dioxins have started in the Latin American region.

  • 35.
    Aban, Sara
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Alemirad, Puya
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    ADHD: En kvalitativ studie om vuxna med ADHD2011Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    ADHD är den snabbast växande diagnosen på senare tid och har länge setts som en problematik främst förekommande bland barn. Den befintliga forskningen gällande ADHD är därför mer anpassad till yngre individer och syftet med denna studie är därför att undersöka vuxnas upplevelse och hur de förhåller sig till diagnosen samt omgivningens reaktioner gentemot ADHD utifrån respondentens perspektiv. För att kunna ta reda på detta intervjuades fem individer med ADHD och en kvalitativ forskningsansats valdes som metod för intervjuerna. Vidare valdes meningskoncentrering som analysmetod för intervjuerna då den kortar ner och koncentrerar utvalda citat som användes i analysen. För att tolka och analysera respondenternas upplevelser kring ADHD användes valda teorier som verktyg; stigma, rollteori samt jagpsykologi. Detta för att få en bredare förståelse för respondenternas upplevelser samt förklaringar utifrån teorierna. Slutsatsen berörde diskussioner gällande hur intervjurespondenterna lever med ADHD idag, hela utvecklingsprocessen som diagnosen gav upphov till samt omgivningens syn på ADHD som något avvikande. Utvecklingsprocessen som respondenterna genomlevde innan de accepterade diagnosen som en del av sin identitet gav upphov till en modell som tydligare förklarar de faser respondenterna upplevde. Detta från att diagnosen sattes tills de anammat diagnosen och även använde sig av den i positiva ändamål, exempelvis att arbeta med andra som har ADHD.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 36.
    Abas, Rosa
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    DEN NYA SVENSKA TERRORISMFINANSIERINGSLAGSTIFTNINGEN2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
  • 37.
    Abatecola, G.
    et al.
    University of Rome Tor Vergata, School of Economics, Department of Management and Law, Rome, Italy.
    Breslin, D.
    Sheffield University Management School, Conduit Road, Sheffield, UK.
    Kask, Johan
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Do organizations really co-evolve?: Problematizing co-evolutionary change in management and organization studies2020Inngår i: Technological forecasting & social change, ISSN 0040-1625, E-ISSN 1873-5509, Vol. 155, artikkel-id 119964Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This conceptual article discusses and, from some aspects, also problematizes the state-of-the-art regarding co-evolutionary research in Management and Organization Studies (MOS). Analyzing 76 characteristic studies published since 2000, we address three simple, significant questions: What co-evolves? What causal relationships are considered? What are the theoretical processes? The motivation behind our contribution is twofold: on the one hand, the turn of the century witnessed the remarkable growth of inquiries which, at face value, have claimed to be “co-evolutionary”; but, on the other hand, specific analyses about where this fast-growing meta-theoretical perspective on social change is now, and where it could move towards in the future, are still missing in MOS. Our study reveals increasing heterogeneity in defining what co-evolves and the associated causal relationships. It also reveals the prevailing scarcity in explaining what processes substantially characterize co-evolution in MOS. With a view to shaping the future direction of research in this area, we propose four core principles that theoretically set the co-evolutionary project apart. 

  • 38.
    Abatecola, Gianpaolo
    et al.
    University of Rome Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy.
    Breslin, Dermot
    Sheffield University Management School, Sheffield, UK.
    Kask, Johan
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Discussing co-evolutionary research in management studies: a critical account of the new millennium2018Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 39.
    Abatecola, Gianpaolo
    et al.
    University of Rome Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy.
    Breslin, Dermot
    University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK.
    Kask, Johan
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Lo sviluppo dell’approccio co-evolutivo negli studi di management: Un’analisi del nuovo Millennio2018Inngår i: Evoluzionismo sistemico: il fascino della precarietà / [ed] Paniccia, P. and Barile S., Aracne , 2018, s. 13-20Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 40.
    Abatecola, Gianpaolo
    et al.
    School of Economics, Department of Management and Law, Tor Vergata University of Rome, Rome, Italy.
    Cristofaro, Matteo
    School of Economics, Department of Management and Law, Tor Vergata University of Rome, Rome, Italy.
    Giannetti, Federico
    School of Economics, Department of Management and Law, Tor Vergata University of Rome, Rome, Italy.
    Kask, Johan
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    How can biases affect entrepreneurial decision making? toward a behavioral approach to unicorns2022Inngår i: The International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, ISSN 1554-7191, E-ISSN 1555-1938, Vol. 18, nr 2, s. 693-711Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    How can cognitive biases affect the birth and evolution of entrepreneurial ventures? In Entrepreneurial Decision Making (EDM), this lively research question remains largely unaddressed when the world of Unicorns, as a per se entrepreneurial species, is considered. Thus, through this conceptual article, we aim to contribute toward knowledge creation in this context. We start by proposing a conceptual framework of Unicorns’ EDM based on a behavioral approach. Through three propositions, this novel framework advances how the birth, transition, and consolidation of a Unicorn may be explained by the sequentially intertwined occurrence of biases, from which establishment and legitimization eventually emerge. We complement the framework with examples from the social media industry and then discuss its main implications for theory and practice.

  • 41.
    Abawi, Akram
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper.
    The effect of TGF-B1 and Fetal Bovine Serum on Sema 7A. Expression: An in Vitro study on Bone Marrow derived MSC from patients vith BCR-ABL negative Myeloproliferative neoplasms2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 42.
    Abawi, Akram
    et al.
    Department of Radiology, Örebro University Hospital, Örebro, Sweden.
    Magnuson, Anders
    Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Medical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
    Fröbert, Ole
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper. Department of Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine and Health, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
    Samano, Ninos
    Region Örebro län. Örebro universitet, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper. University Health Care Research Centre.
    Five-Year Follow-Up After Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation in Patients with Severe Aortic Stenosis and Concomitant Coronary Artery Disease: A Single-Center Experience2023Inngår i: Brazilian Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery, ISSN 0102-7638, E-ISSN 1678-9741, Vol. 39, nr 1, artikkel-id e20220461Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    INTRODUCTION: There is no consensus on the impact of coronary artery disease in patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation. Therefore, the objective of this study was, in a single-center setting, to evaluate the five-year outcome of transcatheter aortic valve implantation patients with or without coronary artery disease.

    METHODS: All transcatheter aortic valve implantation patients between 2009 and 2019 were included and grouped according to the presence or absence of coronary artery disease. The primary endpoint, five-year all-cause mortality, was evaluated using Cox regression adjusted for age, sex, procedure years, and comorbidities. Comorbidities interacting with coronary artery disease were evaluated with interaction tests. In-hospital complications was the secondary endpoint.

    RESULTS: In total, 176 patients had aortic stenosis and concomitant coronary artery disease, while 170 patients had aortic stenosis only. Mean follow-up was 2.2±1.6 years. There was no difference in the adjusted five-year all-cause mortality between transcatheter aortic valve implantation patients with and without coronary artery disease (hazard ratio 1.00, 95% confidence interval 0.59-1.70, P=0.99). In coronary artery disease patients, impaired renal function, peripheral arterial disease, or ejection fraction < 50% showed a significant interaction effect with higher five-year all-cause mortality. No significant differences in complications between the groups were found.

    CONCLUSION: Five-year mortality did not differ between transcatheter aortic valve implantation patients with or without coronary artery disease. However, in patients with coronary artery disease and impaired renal function, peripheral arterial disease, or ejection fraction < 50%, we found significantly higher five-year all-cause mortality.

  • 43.
    Abay, Selamawit
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Segerdahl, Anna
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Kommunikation mellan vårdpersonaloch patienter med afasi till följd av strokeEn litteraturstudie2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Kommunikation mellan vårdpersonal och patienter med afasi till följd av stroke En litteraturstudie
  • 44.
    Abbas, Asad
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Faiz, Ali
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Reasons for the failure of government IT projects in Pakistan: A Contemporary Study2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 45.
    Abbas, Asad
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Faiz, Ali
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Usefulness of Digital and Traditional Library in Higher Education2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 46.
    Abbas, Bafrin
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Lärarkompetenser i samhällskunskap: Lärarens syn på ämnes-, didaktiska och sociala kompetenser2015Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 47.
    Abbas, Bafrin
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    VILKA FÖRÄNDRINGAR HAR ÄGT RUM?: En analys av sex barn- och ungdomsböcker som skildrar en förändring i lärar- och elevrollen samt deras relation.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 48.
    Abbas, Malak
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för naturvetenskap och teknik.
    Al-Falahi, Diana
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för naturvetenskap och teknik.
    Digitala lärresurser i matematikundervisning2022Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Samhället är väldigt digitaliserat och digitala lärresurser har fått ett stort utrymme på skolan i nästan alla årskurser. Syftet med att använda digitala lärresurser är för att stötta eleverna i deras lärande och utveckling. Digitala lärresurser har ytterligare ett syfte som är att underlätta lärarens arbete. I denna studie kommer en systematiskt litteraturstudie att göras för att undersöka vad tidigare forskning som har fokuserat på digitala lärresurser i matematikundervisning kommer sammanställas. digitala lärresurser inom matematikundervisningen. Syftet med denna litteraturstudie är att undersöka användningen av digitala lärresurser under matematikundervisningen samt hur den kan främja elevers lärande. Studien kommer även att ta del av användningen av digitala lärresurser utifrån sociokulturella perspektivet. Resultaten av de sammanställda forskningarna visade att digitala lärresurser av olika slag kan främja elevernas lärande på olika sätt. Det främjar bland annat motivation till lärande, engagemang, problemlösningsförmåga, algebraiska tänkande, tal beräkningar, mönsterigenkänning m.m. Resultatet har även visat att en stor del av bakomliggande aspekter som kan hindra att elevers lärande främjas genom digitala lärresurser är lärarnas brist på kunskap gällande användning av materialet.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 49.
    Abbas, Malak
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Al-Falahi, Diana
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Digitalt spelbaserat lärande: och dess inverkan på engelska språkinlärning2023Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Schools in general have been digitized to a large extent and the inclusion of digital tools is becoming more and more common. The purpose of this study is to find out what different studies say about the inclusion of digital games-based learning and the impact they have on students' vocabulary learning and motivation in English teaching. It’ll also mention where the different studies have been implemented and which methods have been used. The method used in this study is a literature review that has been collected from ERIC (EBSCO), JSROR, ERIC (ProQuest), and IEEE Explore. The results showed that the implementation of digital games-based learning focusing on vocabulary learning motivates students to learn and improves their English language more than analog learning. It has also been shown that digital games have been effective in developing students' English language skills. This is because the students experience learning as enjoyable, unlike analog teaching where they feel analog learning takes place within a strict framework. The conclusion of this study shows that the students gain increased motivation and interest in learning English as a foreign/second language through digital games.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Digitalt spelbaserat lärande: och dess inverkan på engelska språkinlärning
  • 50.
    Abbas, Monika
    Örebro universitet, Hälsoakademin.
    Bedömning av variabler vid postocklusiv reaktiv hyperemi (PORH)-test med Laser Doppler Flowmetry teknik2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
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